The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 1, 1954 · Page 7
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April 1, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Thursday, April 1, 1954
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Page 7
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THURSDAY APRIL 1, 1954 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PA01 8KYIN Aces to Play against Vaccine By ALTON L. BLAKESLEE AP Science Reporter (Last in a Series) NEW YORK (AP) — The polio virus could still have some aces up its sleeve to play against the brightly, hopeful polio vaccine. Scientifically it looks as though Dr. Jonas E. Salk's vaccine can prevent polio by creating antibodies in the blood. But how often might the virus attack nerves directly, avoiding the bloodstream where antibodies stand guard? Can the vaccine create enough antibodies to spill over into nerves, to halt that second avenue of attack? The field trials this year on half a million or more children can give the answers. Are there some strains of virus which may not be affected.by the vaccine? There are three types or families of virus which cause human polio. There can be many different strains or "cousins" within each family. The vaccine uses one strain from each family. Do antibodies against one strain protect against other strains in the type or family? Prom limited tests, Dr. Salk finds evidence that they do. But the field tests hold the real answer whether some strains can sneer at the vaccine. Virus for the vaccine is grown upon monkey kidney tissue, then is harvested and the virus is killed with, formaldehyde. The vaccine faces .one hurdle or problem common to all drugs or medical treatments of any kind. Everyone Not Alike This problem is that human beings are not all alike. Even aspirin is bad for a few persons. There is no perfect drug which affects everyone alike. This means that some of the vaccinated children may, for some peculiar reason, fail to develop antibodies. How many people are built this way? Human differences also mean it is possible that some children may get reactions of various kinds from the vaccine, though it works perfectly, for all the rest. The trials will tell whether there is such a possibility, whether it is significant. Take any group of half a million children and some are sure to die within the next six months from natural causes, whether pneumonia, rheumatic fever or other diseases. If some of these had been vaccinated, the vaccine could be wrongly and hysterically blamed as the cause of death. Health officers, doctors and the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis are counting on the good sense of parents and others not to jump to conclusions. The cause of deaths can be learned by autopsy. Only the field tests can show the value or limitations of the vaccine. Other Types Sought If it doesn't measure up to hopes, active research is still being pushed on other types of vaccines. One uses virus killed by ultraviolet light. Others are based on developing viruses which have mutated or changed so they cannot cause polio, but being alive they can be powerful stimulants for forming antibodies. This type of vaccine could be injected or even used in tablet form. The firm expectation is that children who take the vaccine will actually be protected against polio this summer. Millions of other children will have to take their chances, as in the past, except that many will receive gamma globulin, the blood medicine which gives temporary antibodies against polio. Many people mistakenly believe that gamma globulin or G.G. was found to be useless last summer. It was pronounced ineffective for use in family contacts—giving it to brothers, sisters or playmates of children who came down with polio. By the time a child became recognizably ill, his close associates had already most probably been exposed to the virus, and it was too late for the shot of G.G. to do any good. But G.G. was not pronounced useless in mass use. A committee of experts said there was . not enough evidence from studies of communitywide use of G.G. to say whether or not it had been beneficial. Most times, G.G. was started too late, or when epidemics were dying down naturally. . Could Help It said it could not foe demonstrated that G.G. had any beneficial effect. But this also means it could not be demonstrated that it did not have a good effect. Evidence from carefully controlled experiments in 1952 showed it could help prevent polio if given to chil- j dren in time, and in the right dose. { This year there will be enough G.G. from the foundation and the American Red Cross to give shots to about l l / 2 million children. The Office of Defense Mobilization has recommended that the G.G. be used mainly by health officers among groups of children, and for pregnant women exposed to polio. That means not single families, but larger groups such as camps, H-Blasr Movie Is Declassified For CD Showings WASHINGTON (51—Civil Defense Chief Val Peterson said yesterday 'the government will show the American people a film of the pioneer 1952 hydrogen blast not "to scare them nor encourage hopelessness" but'to furnish basic facts they must have "about such new and terrible weapons." Peterson said this as he formally announced that the Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA) will release the 28-minute censored motion picture film for use after 6 p. m: (EST) on Wednesday, April 7. The White House said last week its release has been approved by the National Security Council. The picture is titled "Operation Ivy," the code name applied to the 1952 test in the Atomic Energy proving grounds in the mid-Pacific. It was that test explosion of a "thermonuclear device" that reportedly destroyed a mile-wide island and gouged a deep hole in the floor of the Pacific. day schools, and other units where children are in close and steady contact, where one member or more gets polio. Efforts will be made not to use G.G. in areas where the vaccine is being tested, since G.G. could be protecting some children, with the credit going to the vaccine, or vice-versa. At the best, G.G. is a temporary stop-gap, a kind of fireman jumping into help extinguish the spread of polio. The only practical answer for polio is a vaccine. The field tests can mark the beginning of victory over polio—if it actually protects from natural exposure. That big "if" will be answered by thousands of volunteering children, the mam and tragic victims of polio for too many years past. Tugboats Back In New York Dock Strike Big 3 Eases Trade Curbs On Red Bloc LONDON (#)—The United States, Britain and France have reached a compromise agreement to ease restrictions on the sale of strategic good to the Soviet bloc in Europe while tightening up on products of definite war potential. The Western Allies announced the agreement Tuesday between U. S. foreign aid chief Harold E. Stassen and top British and French officials at the end of a two-day conference. The agreement marked an important compromise between growing European demands for more 'trade with Russia and her satellites and the continued desire of the United States to keep all strategic goods out of Communist hands. The three powers ruled out any change in the present stiff restrictions on trade With Red China and North Korea. A communique issued after the meeting said the three countries will open talks with their allies— the other NATO nations, West Germany and Japan—on revising the bans on trade with Russia "but narrowing substantially their scope and increasing their effectiveness." The communique said the three allies will work for "an expansion of trade" with the Soviet bloc in Europe "compatible with security requirements." First transcontinental telegraph line was completed October 24, 1861, nearly eight years before the continent was crossed by rail. Office Moved DAVID N. MILES, D.V.M. VETERI N ARI AN Clinic 1 Mile North of Country Club On Highway 61 Open 9A.M. to 5 P.M., 6 P.M. to 8 P.M, SUNDAYS 7 A.M. to 9 A.M.—PHONE 3532 DOWN Greyhound V Always the Best Buy in Travel, your Greyhound trip costs even less as Federal Excise Taxes are cut 1/3 GREYHOUND TERMINAL 109 N. 5th Street Phone 4441 GREYHOUND Board got a federal court order directing the 1LA to stop pU'ki'iinir tu^bouUs and to see that thnr 1LA crews went buck to work. The court ruHi the tug stoppage violated a Tut't-Hitxtley hiw ban !ii;iiiiu>t secondary boycotts. The pier strike spread to doek- side warehouses yesterday ".vhon NEW YORK Of)—Tugboats went j the 1LA posted pickets outside tin- back to work in New York harbor ] buildings. yesterday following the government's first success In efforts to break up the 27-day dock strike. I Sentenced tor Assault Since last week tugs had refusedj to maneuver ships in sympathy with a strike called by the International Longshoreman's Assn. (ILA. The walkout flared up after- six months of bitter competition j btween the independent union and the APL-ILA for the right to represent dock workers. The tugs returned to work yesterday after the National Labor VAN BUREN (/!')—Charlie Jones. 25, oi Van Buren Tuesday was K'uiid guilty of attaekinit a 21-year- old baby sitter here March 14 and his sentence lor assault with intent, to rape was lixed by a Crawford County Circuit Court jury at 15 years. Read Courier News Classified Ads New Telephone System Speeds Hayti Police Colls HAYTT. Mo. — A new telephone .system now allows persons in Hayti wanting to contact the police or sheriffs office a direct 24-hour telephone serviDv to Carutliersvlllo sheriffs office and radio transmitter, the .sheriffs olt'ice said yesterday. Under this new arrangement, a person calling the police tells the operator and is connected direct to the Caruthersville sheriffs office. The sheriffs office radio dispatcher contacts the Hayti police or a county officer by radio to investigate the call, it was explained. This arrangement is made possible by the radio-patrol car now be- ing used by the Hayti officers. The city purchased the car and the radio was furnished by the county. Under the old arrangement, a telephone on a pole outside the city hall was rung for the police and a light, attached to the pole was flashed at night. How ftttt police do not have to staf MAT tttt telephone. Vermont, wnicn pasted a MB •» naming the red clover on Mov. i, 1894, was the first state to havt MI official state flower. ATTENTION GARDENERS We Have Fresh Plants—Bulk and Package Garden Seed. Dealer For Funk's G-Hybrid Seed Corn BYRUM'S IMPLEMENT, HARDWARE 114 E. Main AND SEED CO. 118 E. Main Discontinued 1953 Pattern! ANNIVERSARY MATTRESS high coil count as $5fc5& % quality mattresses SeoW' OttCM Here it is!... the SAVINGS E VENT you've been waiting all year for! Your chance to get a genuine $59.50 quality Sealy Innerspring Mattress for almost $20 LESS! Sealy is discontinuing the ticking-pattern on these luxurious Anniversary Mattresses...and YOU get this terrific savings of ONE-THIRD! At a modest $39.95, you can afford new mattresses for every bedroom in your home! But hurry! They'll go like wild-fire! Come in and get YOURS today! ."Same '*i; deluxe ,i decorator-designed - covers! • Same pre-buift borders for longer wear. 1 » Same tru-balanced innerspring unit! Matching Box Spring $39.95 Twin and Full Sizes. NO MONEY WADE PAY-ONLY *1.50 Per Week "" TRADE WITH WADE AND SAVE 112 N. MAIN PHONE 3122

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