Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on August 14, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Wednesday, August 14, 1963
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4 Golesburg Register-Moit, Gofcsburg, lit. Wed,, Aug. 14, 1963 'It May Be Irrelevant and Immaterial, But Congratulations, Mr. Douglas!' EDITORIAL ment and Review New York's Classroom Crisis The specter of schools opening in September without teachers is a real one in New York City. Apparently irreconcilable positions have been taken in a contract dispute between the Board of Education and the United Federation of Teachers. Union officials say the teachers will strike unless they get a pay raise and smaller classes this year, while the board contends pay increases and pupil reductions are out of the question until 1964. This confrontation has received scant attention outside of New York City so far, but it will get a national ailing when the American Federation of Teachers gathers for its 47th annual meeting, opening Monday, Aug. 19, in New York City. The 80,000-member A.F.T., of which the UFT is a part, says it selected the N.Y.C. convention site because the parent body is proud of the United Federation for winning collective bargaining rights. A strike by public employes is against state law in New York. Teachers face dismissal if they fail to show up on Sept. 9. Dr. Calvin Gross, the new superintendent of schools, has made it clear he will enforce the Condon-Wadlin Law—something his predecessor failed to do on two previous stoppages. A court injunction ended the last previous strike, a one-day affair on April 11, 1962, but union officials say they are prepared to go to jail this time rather than yield to the courts. An illegal strike is not calculated to inspire public sympathy. Some teachers, stuck in almost unbelievable classroom situations, are beyond caring about public reaction or even the loss of their jobs. New York City's public school system, like that of many other major cities, is impoverished; many of its better teachers have gone to the affluent suburban systems. The UFT has picked up 10,000 members since April 1962; its rolls now number 20,000 out of 43,000 teachers in the New York City system. All signs point to another school crisis for the metropolis this September. Who Makes Book? Betting on horse races, a British House of Commons committee once ruled, is a "pure luxury," also a "mug's game." A somewhat more sombre point of view was taken by James J. Carroll of St. Louis, then a kingpin of bookmakers, in testimony in 1951 before the Kefauver crime investigating committee. For a great many persons, said Carroll, betting is a "biological necessity." Betting on racing is also—you should pardon the metaphor— a political football, particularly in New York state. For years Mayor Robert F. Wagner Jr. of New York City has been trying to solve the city's chronic tax problem by getting the state legislature to authorize off-track betting under state or city auspices. For years he has been blocked by Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller and substantial upstate anti-gambling sentiment. This kind of pull-and-haul between a Democratic mayor and a Republican governor is traditional in New York. Back in 1950 when Mayor William O'Dwyer wrote leaders of the legislature recommending that betting on all sports be legalized, Gov. Dewey called the proposal "shocking immoral, and indecent." So when Speaker Joseph Carlino of the State Assembly, a Republican, dispatched two observers to see how legalized off-track betting works in Great Britain, it came as no surprise that Wagner decided that he, too, would send a couple of men overseas. The Carlino men are on the scene. The Wagner operatives are to leave by mid-August; they are supposed to be going to other countries as well as Britain, notably New Zealand. The script seems to call for the Carlino men to find legalized off-track betting a failure and for the Wagner men to find it respectable as a vicar's garden benefit and much more lucrative. Legalized betting under state or city auspices could hardly be limited to horse racing. The American public in 1962 legally bet more than $4 billion on horses, dogs, and jai lai. But the illegal total on all sports was in the nature of $50 billion, not counting picayune enterprises like office pools on the World Series. Recent laws enacted by Congress at the behest of Attorney Gen. Robert F. Kennedy have put a serious crimp in interstate gambling, but in large cities a good deal of money still is bet illegally, more of it on baseball, football, and basketball than on racing. Jimmy Breslin of the N. Y. Herald Tribune quotes a New York bookie: "I write more bets on the Giants football game on a Sunday morning than Monte Carlo handles all week." It is the belief of the Attorney General, and it is not exclusive with him, that illegal gambling is the big bankroll that backs all organized crime. 101 Years of Integrity Amos Alonzo Stagg, who will reach his 101st birthday on Friday, Aug. 16, is the survivor of a gentler era when college football was a game, not a business, and almost as much emphasis was put on building character as winning contests. College football today belongs to the ticket sellers. Victory often is attained at too great a price. Only last September the chairman of the NCAA's football rules committee had to plead for an end to "inexcusably brutal and malicious play" on the collegiate gridiron. In his 63 years as head coach— 41 of them at the University of Chicago—Stagg became an example of integrity. During the 1922 University of Chicago-Princeton game, Stagg is said to have accepted defeat rather than send in a substitute with a play that would capitalize on a defensive weakness spotted from the bench. "The rules committee," said Stagg in blunt refusal of the suggestion, "deprecates the use of a substitute to convey information." At a rest home in Stockton, Calif., Stagg last year received tributes from all over the nation on his 100th birthday. President Kennedy sent a message which noted that "his integrity and dedication to all of the goals he has set for himself are unmatched." Stagg, feeble and partly blind, gave reporters a brief interview. "I hope they'll keep it amateur," he said about the sport he loved and helped build. ""The game is for boys." Gun Industry Endorses Bill to Control Sales By PULTON LEWIS Jit WASHINGTON - A Los An« geles boy, suffering from mental illness, recently shot and killed his 14-year-old brother. His rea* son, given to police: "My brother was inferior." Three thousand miles away, m Fairfax, Va., a youngster accidentally shot and killed a neighbor child. Investigation revealed the Virginia lad had obtained his weapon — a .38 snub-nosed pistol —from the same source as the boy in Los Angeles; a mail order gun house specializing in low-cost foreign-made pistols. INVESTIGATORS for the Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency told the California dealer of the tragedy that followed his sale. He was unmoved; "I didn't break the law, did I? If they've got the money, I sell them the gun. I'm not responsible for What they do with it." For two years, investigators, working under Sen. Thomas Dodd, subcommittee chairman, have probed the mail order gun field. Their findings are shocking. Twenty-five per cent of those District of Columbia residents purchasing mail order guns have criminal records. Typical convictions: assault with a dangerous weapon, homdoide, possession and use of narcotics, assault with intent to kill a police officer. The five local police precincts with the highest crime rates are the same five precincts with the highest number of mail order gun deliveries. Police officers from coast to coast, from New York to Los Angeles, offered testimony to the Dodd Subcommittee. They submitted case histories of crimes- armed robberies, homicides, accidental shootings — committed by individuals toting mail order guns. Many were committed by teenagers and subteenagers, by hardened criminals and drug addicts to whom weapons cannot legally be sold. POLICE in virtually every large city have repeatedly found weapons in hands of juveniles and juvenile gangs. The guns, all too often, are purchased by mail order. Many mail order dealers, Sen. Dodd learned, conduct their business operations with calculated carelessness. The coupons in their advertisements may specify that no one under 18 or possessing a criminal record may purchase a gun. No effort is made, however, to check the identity of a mail order buyer. Some dealers evade postal regulations by shipping guns by express, because only four states have regulations against gun shipments by this route. All too often the packaged guns are earmarked, and the express company employes are unaware of the contents they must deliver to the youthful purchasers. UNDER PRESENT federal statutes, the trade in mail order guns to juveniles is, for all intents and purposes, virtually unrestrained. "Unless some effective action is taken to halt this highly danger­ ous tfode," Sen. Dodd says, "fleedlels tragedies will be repeated Hftte and time again." The Ct\nnecticut Senator has urged paJsage of his carefully, drawn bill (S. 1975) that would curtail the Shipment in interstate commerce tit mail order guns to children under 18. The Dodd bill would require any mail order gun purchaser to enclose with his order a sworn affidavit establishing his age and criminal record. It would require mail order dealers to give written notice to common carriers of pistols shipped in interstate commerce. The Dodd bill has been endorsed by the gun industry and gun clubs, and by the National Rifle Association. Copyright 1963 A Capital Idea - - Solons-Mets 'Cellar Series 9 By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — How does Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, D-Minn., get that way? What does he mean by making a speech saying that the Washington Senators ought to win more ball games? He was referring, of course, to the Washington baseball club and not to the 99 other distinguished softball statesmen who are his Capitol colleagues. THE SENATOR obviously overlooks the fact that if the Washington Senators — the hardball club — won more games, it wouldn't be normal. Washington's fans wouldn't know what to do if their team went into a winning streak. The Washington ball club hasn't won a pennant since 1933. It has led the American League only three times this century. Such modesty is hard to find in Washington I But Humphrey took a swing at the ball club for losing so many games in its fancy new D.C. Stadium as part of a general Monday morning gripe. He also criticized the Washington Coliseum, where he once lost his hat; Constitution Hall, where he almost always loses his audiences; Dulles International Airport, where he lost his temper over the phone service, and the nonexistent Cultural Center, which is just plain lost. But the senator's gripe has done some good, at that. It has inspired the idea that what this country really needs is a World Series cellar championship to be fought out this year between the National League's New York Mets and Washington's own beloved bums of the American League. THEY OUGHT to be able to fill the D.C. Stadium at fantastic box office prices with an exhibition like that. It would be a lot more fun than listening to Humphrey make speeches. It should be a benefit performance with all profits above the players' share going to some worthy cause. And what cause could be worthier than the hard- up Cultural Center Fund? An exhibition game between the Mets and the Senators would be a cultural event of the first magnitude. Casey Stengel would be there, wouldn't he? And ain't he cultured? If the State Department's cultural affairs division really wants to show American culture at its best around the world, it ought to keep the American ballet and those puppets at home and send good, old Casey. Gil Hodges could go along as straight man. ONE GAME between these two teams ought to be enough to decide which is really the cellar champ. But if New York wants in for the benefit of its Cultural Center of the Performing Arts, we could make it a series. It might even be suggested that the team which loses, wins. The game could be scored with every hit counted as an error and every error counted as a hit. Give every man four strikes before calling him out, and let every batter who gets three balls walk to first. Humphrey might be invited to throw out the first ball. But don't let him pitch. Humphrey is supposed to pitch in the Senate, only there they call him the whip. This year, he hasn't been whipping them across the plate with much success. Republican Sen. Jacob K. Jav- its of New York — home of the Mets, by the way — called the score on Humphrey and his Democratic teammates the other day by pointing out that here it is August and only four major league bills have been passed by the "standstill Congress." EVEN THE Mets and the Senators — the ball clubs — have been doing better than that. They haven't been standing still. Both have been moving steadily (down hill, that is), till they are some 30 games behind their league leaders. This prompts the thought that maybe the ballplayers ought to work out in the Senate while the lawmakers are sent to the stadium to cut the grass and roll the diamond. Or we could send all of 'em back to the minors where they came from! Our Trading Position With Reds Is Strong Now By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN THE UNITED STATES has Khrushchev over a barrel. The only drawback to the situation at this exceedingly propitious moment in history is that we have a positive genius for failing to exact anything worthwhile when we make a trade. How do we know that Khrushchev is in trouble? We get signals, sometimes obliquely relayed, from all over the place. Khrushchev is "taking it" as he has never taken it before. Mao Tse-tung, even though he is in a position of exposed economic weakness, is utterly careless when it comes to flouting the Kremlin. The East Europeans lack Mao's vast temerity, but in their own sly way they are managing to tell Moscow what they think. The Rumanians, hearing that the most backward new nations in Africa are demanding complete "equality," let their Soviet masters know that they are tired of giving up more than they are getting when the terms of trade between the satellites and the Russian economy are set. From Czechoslovakia the news comes that the Supreme Court is "juridically" pardoning communists who were hanged in 1952 for the great crime of "trying to tie Czechoslovakia's economy to the West." , All of these items go to paint a picture: Khrushchev must appease the peoples of Eastern Europe if he is to brazen it out with Mao Tse-tung's new "Fifth International" in Asia. SO WHAT does Washington do THE ALMANAC By United Press International Today is Wednesday, Aug. 14, the 226th day of 1963 with 139 to follow. The moon is approaching its new phase. The morning stars are Jupiter and Saturn. The evening stars are Mars and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1900, 2,000 U. S. Marines helped in the capture of Peking, China, which ended the Boxer Rebellion. In 1929, the dirigible Graf Zeppelin left Germany with 20 passengers on a round-the-world trip. In 1935, Congress passed the social security act. In 1945, President Harry Truman announced that Japan had unconditionally surrendered. A thought for the day — American essayist H enry Thoreau said: "The mass of men lead Jives of quiet desperation." REMINISCING of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Thursday, Aug. 14, 1913 Turtle dove season opened and hunters kept the county clerk's office busy issuing hunting licenses. Ralph S. Tyler gave the address of welcome to hundreds of people as the 26th annual Harvest Home Festival got under way in Yates City. TWENTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Aug. 14, 1943 Galesburg Garden Club held its annual flower show at the Doyle Furniture Store. Exhibits were displayed in the west windows of the store. Pruitt's Farmers defeated a team of Camp Ellis soldiers in a baseball game at Lake Storey by the score of 2-1. From past. The raS1, I™ Present Tame cats from Egypt were imported to Italy by Phoenician traders long before the Christian era. Their progency spread over Europe, more or less mixed with indigenous species. The earliest record of cats in Great Britain is traced from a law from about 930 A.D. enacted for their protection. A man's gift makes room for him and brings him before great men.—Proverbs 18:16. * * * There is a destiny that makes us brothers, None goes his way alone; All that we send into the lives of others Comes back into our own. —Edwin Markham. Now You Know By United Press International In 1962 there were 431,800,000 radio and television sets in the world, according to the World Almanac. to capitalize on Khrushchev 's troubles? It lets slip the information that Marshall Plan-type funds might still be available to any nation "west of Asia." And it releases a story that the U. S. is preparing to resume full diplomatic relations with Hungary. This sort of thing is tantamount to announcing at an auction just how high you are prepared to go even before your competitors have entered a single bid. True enough, the story about resuming relations with Hungary contains a cautionary word that the move is contingent on a "positive" sign that the Kadar government wants better relations. And the name of Cardinal Mindszenty, who has been living in political asylum in the U. S. Legation in Budapest, is mentioned. But "freedom" for the Cardinal to go into exile is hardly enough if that is all that is to be proposed for a trade. The truth is that Cardinal Mindszenty would regard it as a great defeat if he were forced, by Vatican pressure, to accept exile in Rome as a "gift" from the Kadar government. Such a defeat is not in the works, for neither the present Pope nor his predecessor has considered putting any compulsion on the Cardinal, who is still Primate of Hungary, to quit Budapest under any terms other than his own. The Vatican may have hopes for the "opening to the East," but it is apparently not even asking lesser church figures than Cardinal Mindszenty to make unpalatable concessions to the Kadar government as the price of a "relaxation of tensions." TO MAKE a case for his own "leniency," Kadar released six Roman Catholic bishops from internment some time ago. But three of these bishops, Peteri, Badalik, and Szabo, have elected to take tlie same stand that Cardinal Mindszenty has taken. They were willing to accept releases provided they could either return to their old dioceses or take up residence in Budapest. When these alternatives were denied to them, they freely chose to return to their internment quarters in the village of Hejcze. MAILBOX Giver Unknown Editor, Register-Mail: Organizations and groups have been responding to the Red Cross Blood Center juice shower with juices so quickly that someone called the Brown Specialty Company and ordered two cases of grapefruit juice sent to us. The donor forgot to give the Brown Specialty Co. his or her name, so we do not know who to thank for this gift. Please call the Blood Center at 342-0126, and tell us who you are so we can thank you. — Louise Willetts, R.N., 1640 N. Henderson St. Before Washington makes any deal with Kadar involving the resumption of diplomatic relations, let the proper conditions for such resumption be stated firmly. Condition Number One would be freedom for Jozsef Cardinal Mindszenty to return to the seat of his diocese in Esztergom, there to take up his life from where he left off! before 1956, when the Hungarian revolution was so brutally suppressed. Condition Number Two would be complete freedom for Bishops Peteri, Badalik, and Szabo to resume their ecclesiastic duties. Condition Number Three would be to let the church, not the secretary of the Hungarian Communist Party, pass on the qualifications of candidates for seminary study. BEYOND all this, there should be no new diplomatic dealings with the Kadar regime until there has been full amnesty for all the participants in the 1956 uprising. If we are going to let Khrushchev wriggle off the hook in his present extremity, let us, for Heaven's sake, get something out of it. We should be tired of bowing to Moscow thrice daily, and saying, "Thank you, Khrush, for giving us nothing." Copyright 1963 CJalesburg Register-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-6161 Entered is Second Class Mattel at ths Post Office at Galesburg Illinois, under 'Vet of Congress of M^-^h 3 1879 Dally except Sunday EUiel Ouster SchmJth Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and Genera) Manager M. H iuidy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative' Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New Yorh. Chicago, Detroit. Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMTER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOC1A1ED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed tn this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier tn City ot Galesburg 35c a week. By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Vear $10.00 8 Months 13.80 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.26 No Dial! subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier in retail trading ton* outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 80c By maU outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route la retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months |3.7» 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $1 3A By mall outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 Vear $18.00 3 Months fS .00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month $2 .00 Crossword Puzzzle Political Answer to Previous Ptmfi PI ACROSS 1 Sufferage 6 Forced contribution 8 Political manager 12 Always 13 Some 14 Goddess 15 Bait 16 Nothing 17 Hawaiian city 18 Rubber tree 19 Tennis term 21 WingUke part 22 Of measurement 26 Small beard 28 East Asia group (ab.) 29 wanderer B0 Having nerves (bot.) 82 Farmer S3 American actor 35 German province 38 Sioux Indian 39 Beloved by Tristram 41 Constellation 42 Greek letter 44 Regret 45 Water scorpion genus 47 Writing fluid 49 English monk (var.) 60 Cover 61 Unit 62 Blind impulses 63 Gaelic 64 Horse (slang) 65 Music maker DOWN 1 Soft palate ilmaiato seeds 3 Cylindrical 4 Before 5 Brown 6 Indigo 7 Engraving 8 Exclamation 9 Sedative 10 Purveyor 11 Porticos 20 Infants' footwear 23 Mexican shelter 24 Repeat 25 Crowning 27 Unwilling 31 Vice president (ab.) 33 Full speed 34 Giraffelike mammals 36 Guarantee 37 Avoider 38 Rhythmic movement r 40 Vex 43 Feminine appellation 48 Beverage 48 Small barrel 49 Ball (Fr.) r •JBWSPAFEi WfmWS MS»

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