The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 1, 1954 · Page 1
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April 1, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Thursday, April 1, 1954
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.1- BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 10 BlytheviUe Courier BlytheviUe Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader BlytheviUe Herald BLYTHEV1LLE, ARKANSAS. THl RDAY APRIL 1, 1954 EIGHTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIV1 GWffi Details of Fantastic H-Bomb Explosion in 1952 Revealed By ELTON C. FAY AP Military Affairs Reporter WASHINGTON (AP) — The government disclosed today details of the world's first hydrogen explosion — a searing and crushing fury that wiped out an island in the twinkling His staff said he referred to the, ers today. Drew Pearson noted hydrogen blasts. Here are some of the things the motion picture of the 1952 test and the official narration .accompanying it disclosed: 1. ed in a "cab," a small workshop jammed with recording and deto nating gadgets, on the islet of Of an eye and Spawned a gl-} Egulab, at the northern rim of gantic fireball big enough to Eniwetok Atoii. engulf the heart of New York City. The official motion picture film of the thermonuclear test in November 1952, conducted by the Atomic Energy Commission and Defense Department at Eniwetok Atoll, was made public—in somewhat censored form—by the Federal Civil Defense Administration. That agency said it "firmly believes it is necessary for the American public to know the facts about the destructiveness of .nuclear weapons." And it quoted from the speech of President Eisenhower before the United Nations Assembly last December which said, "Clearly, if the peoples of the •world are to conduct an intelligent search for peace, they must be armed with the significant facts of today's existence." Only First Step Awesome as it was, the 1952 test has been described by Eisenhower as only a first step in this nation's hydrogen weapons program. There have been two announced, thermonuclear blasts in the Pacific proving ground since then, and both have been semiofficially described as much more powerful. One was set off March 1, the other last Friday. Th« 1954 test series is understood to involve an actual hydrogen "weapon"—which to the military man is something ready to use against an enemy. The official word two years ago was "device," which carries no such implication of delivery capability. Chairman Saltonstall (R-Mass) announced today that the Senate Armed Services Committee will receive a report on this year's trials at a closed-door session Tuesday. Rear Adm. Lewis Strauss, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission who witnessed the latest blast, and Adm. Arthur Radford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, will testify. 2. The island, about a half mile long and .a quarter mile wide and protruding from the barrier reef of the atoll, vanished. In the place where it stood there was a crater 175 feet deep, a mile in diameter. 3. ball of the more than 40 atomic explosions set off until that time— 3 J /4 miles in diameter. The heat at the core of that churning, brilliant manmade star presumably shot to a momentary temperature like the body of the sun. Fourth of Manhattan The picture included an imposition of the fireball on a drawn outline of Manhattan's skyline. It overwhelmed about one quarter of Manhattan. The official estimate was that the area of "complete annihilation" extended outward in a three- mile radius: that severe to moderate damage reached out to seven miles; light damage as far as 10. The damage as applied to Washington, D.C., would have looked like this: If an H-bomb had been exploded at the Capitol, the zone of utter annihilation would have reached west to Arlington National Cemetery (across the Potomac River from Washington.) Eastward it would have touched the Anacostia River. Northward the edge would have been soldiers' home, the f armlike place in the heart of modern Washington. Southward it would have engulfed Boiling Field, the Air Force's base at the national capital. The motion picture, as well as still photographs taken from it, is to be released next Wednesday. Accounts were to have been withheld until then too, but some broke into print ahead of time. The New York Times, publishing an account in today's editions, said it did so because a descriptive review by a syndicated columnist appeared in newspapers a few Saltonstall said the talk will deal j hours after a special press show•with; "the offensive and defensive ing. military significance of a Bikini test." recent Defense Must Be Revamped NEW YORK UP)—-Official declaration that a hydrogen 'bomb could destroy any city—including New York—led to a quick change in civil defense planning for thi metropolis. Evacuation of the city in the event of atomic attack heretofore had been dimissed as impossible Now there seems no alternative —in view of the White House statement by Lewis L. Strauss chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission. Shortly after Strauss told news men yesterday .about the terrible H-bomb potential, City Civil De fense Director Herbert R. O'Brien said: "It is a fantastic thought, but God knows with this latest news from Washington evacuation is the only solution. The shelter idea is out." What civil defense faces is the staggering picture of the greatest refugee horde in history—eight million New Yorkers, another million and a half persons who work and visit here daily, and some five million more who live Within the terrible embrace of a possible H-blast. Evacuation is being considered in terms of a northward trek into already outlined upstate "support" areas. These are not hemmed in, as is most of the city, by bodies of water. The civil defense director said he would need at least three days to evacuate the oily. His problem is to reconcile this with the possible warning time of an H-bomb attack, an hour or two. Pearson Jumped Gun In his column in some newspap- Radioactive In Montana that "the veil covering the H-bomb will be lifted next week." and he added: "However, this column is able to give a word preview of the horrible holocaust." Following publication of these accounts, the major news services decided to go ahead with their own reviews. Two factors should be noted about, this 1952 test and the theoretical application of them to »big cities like New York and inglon: 1. The 1952 . explosion of "device," while the mighti««tit»p, to then, was of substantially order than the shattering Tax Cute Take Effect Today But Headaches Come wtf/i the Joy WASHINGTON (AP) — A billion dollar federal sales tax cut went into effect today, with indications it. may be a huge headache to the public, businessmen and government, be li is a headache that will borne ha ppily. Businessmen have long said ex cise tax rates were holding back sales. The public has groused at paying' a 20 per cent tax on luggage, jewelry, furs, ciimenvs. electric lights and theater admissions. President. Eisenhower, although his administration opposed the tax cuts, said yesterday he was signing the bill wholeheartedly, regard- ins it as ft business stimulant. The new rates, on hundreds of items, are effective on sales made today or hereafter. The administration calculates it will lose 999 million dollars revenue by the reductions, in a. year. That VACCINE OFFICE OPENS — Central office for the polio vaccine field trials is now in operation at the polio treatment center adjoining the County Health Unit here. Pictured above are (from the left) Miss Pearl Lee, Mrs. Gilbert Smythe and Mrs. Dick Watson. Airs. Watson is of- Counsel Is Appointed For McCarthy Inquiry WASHINGTON (AP) — The Senate Investigations subcommittee today appointed Samuel P. Sears, a Boston lawyer, as special counsel for its investigation of the charges Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and high Army officials have aimed at one Inside Today's Courier News . . . Rumors Hovering- Over Olson, Gavilan Tight Camps . . . Roberto' Failure Casts Fear in Phlllle Hearts . . . Sports . . . Pages 10 and 11 ... . . . Polio Virus Could Hold Some Aces to Play Against Vaccine . . . Last of Three-Part Series . . . Paf e 7 ... . . . The Report Card . . . News of Your City Schools . . . Pate 2 ... . . . News of Men in the Service . . . Page 5 ... . . . Congress Controls Output of GOP Campaign "Ammo 0 . . . Editorials . . . Page ft . . . .. . , April Will Give More Clues to National Economy Than March Did . . . One of a Series on "The Nation's Business" . . . Page 1 ... BILLINGS, Mont. W — Radioac tive snow has fallen in an area between here and Sheridan, Wyo. to the south, a local consulting geologist reported yesterday. Chuck Hauptman, using a Geiger counter, said radiation was meas ured at about three milliroentgens an hour — about 200 times the amount of ordinary "background 1 radiation picked up by instruments but still very small. He said the element of danger in the radioactive snow was "prac tically nil." Hauptman and another geologist Donald Todd, said the snow re suited from a March 1 hydrogen bomb test in the South Pacific But weather forecasters said last Friday's H-bomb blast more likely was responsible. Three inches of snow fell in the area Saturday and Sunday. In Cambridge, Mass., scientists at Massachusetts Institute of Technology reported slight signs of radioactivity in the air since March 10. A spokesman said the measurements, noted only in rain, show the 'radiation is insignificant as far as health and safety is concerned." Schools to Close Tomorrow for Teachers Meet Schools in the BlytheviUe district will be closed tomorrow for a one- day teachers meeting to be held at Wilson, School Superintendent W. B. Nicholson announced this morn- rig. Tomorrow's meeting will be one of 20 district sessions to be held .hroughout" the state. The Wilson meeting will include schools in District 17, which is composed of hree units: BlytheviUe school sys- em, other public schools in Mis- issippi County and Crittenden bounty schools. The Blythevill* system is a unit eparate from other schools in the ounty because of the size of the acuity, Mr. Nicholson explained. He also pointed out that these istrict meetings are authorized by he State Board of Education and that teachers are required to at- end. The meetings are held on a ctating basis and next year's will e held in Crittenden County. Last ear's session was in Blytheville. Negro teachers in the Blythe* ille school system will attend a imilar meeting in Marion this ear. i another. Sen. Mundt (R-SD), who will preside at the public and televised hearings, told a news conference he believed the unanimous selection had broken a log jam and would permit start of the inquiry within "10 days. Mundt said Sears will start work Monday "and I hope the hearings will start the folloxving week." Mundt said the selection was made by "another unanimous vote, all six members of the committee voting 'aye' " at -a closed door session. Change Sought Just a few moments earlier. Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn) had made an unsuccessful move to "get the Senate Armed Services Committee to take over the investigation of the whole McCarthy-Army row. Kefauver made his motion at a closed-door session of the Armed Services group, but not enough senators to do business were present. Sen. Hendriekson (R-NJ), acting chairman, made this point and Kefauver agreed to a delay until later in the afternoon or until tomorrow forenoon when the committee has another scheduled session. Kefauver said there had been "a great delay in getting" the inquiry started by the Senate Inves- tiagtions Committee and that the "people are entitled to have the facts and have the issues clarified." Boston Attorney Sears, a quiet, graying man, stood beside Mundt as the an- j nouncement of his selection as special counsel was made. Mundt gave r eporters a statement identifying Sears as a member of the law firm of Brickley, Sears and Cole, Boston. He is 59 years old, a graduate See MCCARTHY on Page 12 Red Attack Halted In i Indochina — Tja By LARRY ALLEN HANOI. Indochina l.fl French high command announ today the Communist-led Vietmih had slackened their human : waj|-e assaults on the Dien Bien' Pjm [fortress after losing close to 2.000 ' men in 24 hours of furious battle. The French Union defenders held grimly to the northwest Indochina means 999 million dollars not spent on taxes that, can be .spent other- Wise by business and consumers. Many Questions Another government action, taken by Secretary of Agriculture Benson .and reducing the level of price supports for dairy products, also will mean consumer savings starting- today. Butter prices are expected to p.o down an average of about 10 cents, cheese prices somewhat less. Some stores said they would offer butter at 59 cents, but a 6570 per cent average was foreseen. The excise tax changes brought a whole host of questions. What about goods taxed at retail and bought on the installment plan, with payments still running? Does the consumer get something knocked off the price now that the tax is lower? What about transportation tickets bought under the old rates, still not fully used? What about tickets to the theater or sports events, bought before the rate reduction for an event that hasn't yet occurred? ' Throughout yesterday "w hat about," telegrams and telephone messages streamed into the revenue service. It seemed everyone had a .special problem, possibly culling: for a tax refund. Th? entire technical staff of revenue service headquarters buckled down to work before t.he growing mass of inquiries, to interpret the new Jaw. Late yesterday they came up with these guidelines: 1. The tax is at the retail level on luggage, jewelry, furs and cos- _, _ , _ . , . mcticK and has been passed direct- The R^d Cross fund campaign in , (0 U)C b Thg £ North Mississippi County, scheduled, from 2{ , , 0 , 0 cenfc anrf shoulfj to end yesterday, will be continued I be Juhy reflected . On ljls ,. a] i ment until mid-April in an effort to come i purcnaj . eSi lt depe nds chiefly on closer to the Chickasawba Chapter's j tne sa jo. ' contract as to whether $15,000 goal. the buyer gets a refund. Contributions to date total $10,- fice chairman. Tne office will keep records and furnish iriforrnation regarding the vaccine, which probably.will be administered the last week of April. Nujmbers of the four telephones in the office are |Z28, 3586, 8358 and 8894. (Courier News Photo). Red Cross Drive To Be Extended Fund Campaign To Be Continued Until Mid-April Big Three Plan Consultations On Russian Bid US Sternly Rejects Soviet Proposal WASHINGTON (AP) — The United States planned to consult promptly today with Britain and France on its stern rejection of Russia's surprising bid for a hand in control of Western defenses through a new "security" system. : * For Its part. Washington turned down the Soviet maneuver last night as a boring-from-within trick "to gain admittance within the walls of the West, to undermine its security." Moscow offered, to consider joining the North Atlantic Treaty'Or- ganization If the Western Powers would (A) join a Russian-sponsored European security plan from which Germany would be barred and (B) scrap plans for a European Defense Community (EDO) in which German troops would be rearmed. Initial Western reaction showed some division, and officials said, it was reasonable to assume there would be consultation with Britain and France on the formal replies. A few hours after Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov handed his proposals to Western ambassadors in a 10-page note, a French Foreign Office spokesman said the note would require careful study "as it represents a considerable modification" of proposals on the same subject which the Soviets had put forth at the Berlin Big Four conference in February. CalejfOrically Denied In Washington, meanwhile. Secretary of States Dulles and his top advisors wound up a quick study of the Russian message with a statement categorically turning; down Where Is It? Severn! types or crosses have provided subjects for these where-is-il photos and here is another one which is singular in appenranee. Atop which church in BlytheviUe is this .cross located? For the answer, see Page 12. 377.21. North Missco Drive Chairman Harold Sudbury said today in announcing extension of the campaign. 2. Levied on the manufacturer is the 10 per cent rate (down from 20) on cameras and film and elct.ric bulbs, the 5 per cent rate (down from 10) on refrigerators, stoves, He also announced the following | freezers and other gas and elec- breakdown of donations received j trie appliances, and the 10 per cent. thus far: advance gifts, $6.661.50; I j-nte (down from 15) on sporting downtown solicitation, $1.053.90; | goods, mechanical pens nnd pencils residential, $1,020.81; Negro. $387.4'.); j and niters. Manufacturers may forces in their to seize Dien Bien Phu at no matter what cost. • A French spokesman at headquarters here said the -Vietminh was "'taking time out" while they rushed up more _ ammunition in preparation for a possible renewed received at office. $45; outlying communities, $1,208.51. j The following has been received from outlying communities: Yarbo. $232.50; Promised Land, $113; Forty and Eight-Huffman, $72; Half Moon. $51,50; Dogwood Ridge, $7; Flat Lake, $76-50; Gosnell, $117; Barfield. $103; Clear Lake, $176.50; Lone Oak, $35; and ^ Pt , refunds if they supply evidence that rebates have been given to sellers. Consumers would get refunds to the extent merchants cut prices after getting refunds. Most appliance makers have said the tax cuts will be fully reflected in lower prices. 3. On admissions, the rates changed generally from 1 cent, tax $3 — Obert Hitch. G. H. Robson. $2.50 Rev. H. T. Kidd. infantry charge tonight. The spokesman said in addition to the .1,350 Vietminh reported killed yesterday in hand-to-ha/id fighting at the barbed wire b»i- cades and by curtains of artillery fire and record French aerial attacks, the enemy had gathered top several hundred more bodies frojrn the battlefields early today. [ -. ' _ ~~ f The forces of Moscow-schooled Coo/ Miners Take Holiday Tomato. $1C9. Following is a list of recent contributions: Downtown $10 — Rev. E. C. Brown, $5 — Accessory Shop. Life In-jean cret a refund upon proof he surance of Georgia, Raleigh Syl-jhas made a refund to the purchas- vester, Ralph Todd. for each 5 cents of ticket price to 1 cent for each 10 cents. This includes season tickets, and the new rate applies to all events scheduled today or after. The ticket seller Noble Is Leased By Tennessean New Manager Named; Extensive Remodeling Plans Announced Leasing of Hotel Noble by J. H. Park of Kingsport, Tcnn.. and appointment of B. A. Puryear of Paris, Tenn.. as manager was announced today by E. F. Lampkin, un ^er which Western Germany the Soviet move, What Molotov proposed was that the United States should join a Sanction European security treaty which he had first put forth at the Berlin meeting:. He then sug- gec,£ed the-* the United States — and Red China—should sit in merely as observers. Thus his suggestion few American membership represented a change. In the new note he said acceptance of this plan for European security would lead the Soviet Union to consider joining NATO. This organization was formed for the precise purpose of unifying and building up the strength of the West against the threat of Russian power. At; the Berlin conference, Molotov had said frankly he was out to wreck Western plans for EDC, $2 — Louis Salmon. Leonard T. Oldham, Johnny Hubbard, Hirnm Austin, Everett Collier, Clarence Knippie, R. J. Collie.. $1.50 — Burley Slayton. $1 — Cecil Sacrider, Virgil Simp- See RED CROSS on Page 2 Ho ^Chi Minn were estimated to number about 30.000 regulars — three divisions equipped, trained and advised by neighboring Red China—and possibly another 10,000 guerrilla and regional fighters See INDOCHINA on Pajre 12 PITTSBURGH All coal mines covered by United Mine Workers' contracts closed today to mark the 56th anniversary of the union winning the 8-hour day The traditional contract holiday is marked by numerous rallies. 4. The tax on passenger fares on trains, planes and busses dropped from 15 to 10 per cent. Generally, the cut is effective for transportation beginning today or hereafter. Thus, no refund would be called lor on the unused half of a roundtrip ticket. But for a cruise starting tomorrow, a refund would • be if made before travel Top French Military Leader Ousted PARIS (#)—France's government ired Marshal Alphonse Juin today rom the nation's two top military ;trategy posts. It appeared likely he also would lose his NATO job is commander of land, sea and air orces in central Europe. The Cabinet ordered the outspok- m, 65-year-old marshal removed rom his French military posts— adviser to the government on de- ense strategy and vice president of he National Superior Council for rmed Forces — after he refused remier Joseph Laniel's summons o explain his public criticism last •eeltend of the proposed European Defense Community (EDC). The firing touched off a furor in 'ranee comparable to that in America following then President Truman's dismissal of Gen. Dougas MacArthur. Opponents in Par- ament-of EDC led the critics of he French government action. Since the presidency of the Na- onal Superior Council is held by President of the Republic Rene Coty, O'uin actually was the ranking" French military man in questions of strategy. Paris newspapers agreed the French government, which had nominated Juin for his NATO post, now bad no choice except to ask the NATO Council and the Supreme Allied, commander in Europe, U. S. Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, to dismiss him. A spokesman at SHAPE, Gruenther's headquarters near Paris, said SHAPE has nothing to say on Juin's discharge. In the French Senate, supporters of Gen. Charles de Gaulle interrupted debate on the national defense budget to protest the discharge. Laniel had askeO Juin to come to his office last night to explain his speech to a reserve offic*rs group last weekend ::n which he said that EDC was unwieldy.and should be replaced by some other ( arrangement. After Juin had failed to show up, the Cabinet in an extraordinary session reprimanded him and dismissed him from his two posts for discourtesy and disobedience to the government. He also had ignored a 15-year-olr' law requiring him to submit to the government in advance any speeches he planned to make. The action did not affect his rank of marshal, an irrevocable lifetime rank which he himself cannot resign. Instead of meeting Laniel, Juin went to a reserve officers' dinner in a Paris restaurant and repeated hi scriticism of EDC. "To prevent a conspiracy of silence against the country," he declared, "I have forced the issue, fully conscious of my responsibilities. I believr a common-sense solution—a middle - of - the - road solution—can be found for this problem." allowed, started. Hays Opens Store in Hayti HAYTI — Hays Store, a six-year veteran in Hayti, opens a new store here today and between now and Saturday, it will give away some $300 in groceries. 300 orchids and untold amounts of balloons and cigars. Bill Killabrew, WMCT television performer, will be on hand all day Saturday at the store. The new building is approximately twice the size of Hays' for- new owner of the property. On the heels of the revelation 'Of the 20-year lease come an announcement by Mr. Puryear of extensive remodelling plans for the interior of the building. Mr. Puryear assumed duties at the hotel today. He has been associated with Mr. Parks for many years, formerly managing hotels in Tennessee and Virginia and recently serving as manager of Pine Tree Inn a,t Bogalusa, La. Refurnishing and remodelling- of the hotel will include changes in the present dining room arrangement. The east portion of the present dining room will become a coffee shop, with the remainder being the dining room. The coffee shop will be entered from Broadway, the dining room from the hotel's lobby. Slated for redecoration arc the lobby and the Mirror and Colonial rooms as well as guest rooms. Mr. Puryear stated. Mr. and Mrs. Puryear will make their home in the hotel and Mrs Puryear will serve as dining room manager. "It is my hope and ambition to make the Noble an outstanding hotel, equal to that found anywhere in a city of comparable size," Mr. Puryear stated. L. F. Andrews, of Helena, who has been serving as interim manager will move to Paragould where he will manage the Vandervoort Hotel. would be armed in the interest of strengthening Western defenses. Dulles and other Western minis* ters argued at Berlin that Molotov's whole purpose was to wreck the Western defense system and drive the United States out of Europe. The State Department said in a formal statement last night the new Soviet note represented an effort by Molotov to "retrieve" the "diplomatic failure" which he suf» See BIG THREE on Page 12 100 feet. It features a completely air-conditioned shopping area and self- service meat counter. It is one of the most modern store" between Blytheville and St. Louis. April Proclaimed Cancel- Control Month Here April has been proclaimed Cancer Control Month by Mayor E. R. Jackson. Plans for showing educational films on cancer to Blytheville civic clubs during the month have been made by L. E. Isaacs, north Mississippi County chairman of the American Cancer Society. Adult Scout Leader Courses Are Scheduled Training courses for adult leaders of Scout units have been scheduled by the North Mississippi County district. To be conducted in the municipal courtroom in City Hall here, the course's will be offered on April 18 and 30 and May 7, 14, 21 and 38. Instruction will begin at 7:30 p.m. First meeting of Mississippi County Farm Bureau's board of directors is to b« Monday noon in Oceola* Masonic Hall. Lunch is to be served and county Prasident Bill Wyatt has urged "fuli attendance." BlytheviUe Y Plans $4,000 Fund Drive Blytheville's Y will embark on a $4,000 special fund drive on May 3, Y President Gilbert Smythe has announced. Purpose of the drive, termed a membership campaign, will be to close the gap between what the Y needs for operation and what it will get from the Community Chest which again fell short of its goal this year. The S4 : 000 cut in the Y's budget would mean virtual elimination of the organization's summer playground program, Mr. Smythe ha* pointed out. Toler Buchanan and Louis McWaters will head the intensive five- day campaign for funds . Weather ARKANSAS — Generally fair and a little warmer west and north this afternoon and tonight; lowest in 30s tonight; Friday increasing cloudiness and warmer. MISSOURI — Fair and warmer this afternoon and tonight; generally fair and warmer turning colder late afternoon. Maximum yesterday—50. Minimum this morning— 39. Sunset tod»y~-«:21. Sunrise tomorrow—-5 M. Mean temperature (midway high and Jow—39.5. Precipitation last 34 hour* to 7: a.m. today—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to dmt*~lL*T. This Date Last Maximum ye«t«rday—71. Minimum yesterday—5T. PreclpitaUo* January 1

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