Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on May 15, 1973 · Page 4
Get access to this page with a Free Trial
Click to view larger version

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

Publication:
Location:
Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Tuesday, May 15, 1973
Page:
Page 4
Cancel
Start Free Trial

Page 4 article text (OCR)

May 15, 1973 '<Don't Worry—We'll Just Tighten the Reins a Bit!" s s \ A * EDITORIAL Comment and Review Ellsberg's Freedom Expensive Daniel Ellsberg and Anthony J. Russo, the pair accused of stealing secret govern- tent papers and distributing them to the news media, have been freed, but their r | freedom was expensive. Their defense in the courtroom cost than ,000 The remainder has been collected F family trust funds, personal savings earnings The T h government undoubtedly e than $1 million into its bizarre attempt to prosecute the pair for stealing the Pentagon Papers. Not only did the government spend large amounts on attorneys and related legal fees, there was strong evidence presented that it also budgeted a considerable amount for less reputable activities including burglary, wiretapping and White House investigations of information leaks. And what did we get out of all of this? Not much. We did not learn whether or not the government has the right to classify docu- • % ments top secret that may or may not pertain to the national defense; we did not learn, conclusively, to what lengths the m government will go to prosecute someone accused of violating federal law, and we did not learn what legal rights the citizen h a s in obtaining access to government J M operations and information. It is fortunate for the accused, but in some respects unfortunate for the American people, that the Ellsberg trial was not carried through to final adjudication before the jury. It would have been a far-reaching, precedent-setting conclusion. L J As the case progressed, however, it became clear that Ellsberg and Russo were not on trial alone, but that the federal government was also. During the last few weeks the sensational, rapid-fire confessions of government agents and agencies made the outcome almost inevitable. In fact, there was so much soul baring by ^ defense and prosecution witnesses, there was reason to suspect that the government wanted the Ellsberg trial brought to a close swiftly and inconclusively. While the American people gained relatively little from the Ellsberg trial, they may have to pay even more because of it. + Mr. Ellsberg and Mr. Russo have announced their intentions of suing the government for the cost of the trial on the grounds that their civil rights were violated. Considering the outcome of the court proceedings, the suit may stand a good chance for success. The entire fiasco is just another chapter to a nightmare plaguing a nation that has been asleep too long. . POWs at the White House In December 1971, entertainer Bob Hope met with North Vietnamese officials in Vientiane, Laos, in an attempt to negotiate the release of American prisoners of war. Hope, who was in Indochina to give his annual Christmas show for GIs, proposed freeing the American captives in exchange for a $10 million contribution to a North Vietnamese children's charity. Hope's mission was unsuccessful, but his generous gesture was not forgotten. He will entertain the former POWs and their wives at an o White House dinner 1. Government officii the including Kissinger adviser Henry A. For President Nixon, the return of the POWs demonstrates that he did indeed achieve "peace with honor" in Vietnam. But some of the President's critics believe t the foi partisan *mer prisoners are being used homecoming prim public-relations considerations/' says Dr. Henry Kelman, a member of the American Psychological Association's board of social and ethical responsibility. "The POWs have been assigned the role of heroes in a war that has no heroes—the central role in an elaborate drama staged to provide justification for the President's policy, to create the illusion of victory, and to arouse a sense of patriotic fervor. There can be little doubt that the POWs are being used for the litical manipulation of the American public." Kelman's views on the POWs probably command little more support among the 4 public than those of Jane Fonda. Given the harrowing conditions of captivity, it is not at all far-fetched to look upon the returned prisoners as legitimate heroes. The trouble is that over-adulation can have a destructive effect on a hero's life. Kelman appears to be on firm ground when he suggests that the hero's role may bind the POWs to an unrealistic conception of themselves, the world, and of recent history, and thus estrange them from the society to which they have returned. Those who would reward the POWs could provide no greater gift than to help them readjust to American life as painlessly as possible. to By the time an American youngster reaches the age of 14, he has watched 20,000 hours of television, his seen approximately 18,000 murders or acta of violence and has v watched 350,000 commercials. . "Whether we like it or not, much of this persuasion to which we are subjected is deceitful, if only because it is in* sidious," says David Burmester, a California high school teacher. Writing in Media & Methods magazine, a publication cover* ing audio-visual and other modern teaching techniques for secondary schools and teacher education, he states that "audiences of the future must be educated to cope with the language Of deceit." Because the successful TV commercial does more than inform, "it conditions," the matter is of such urgency that courses in persuasion must not be put off until high school but must be l&uiiched in the elementary levels, he says. It is more than just a matter of bringing students face to face with the commercial advertising persuaders of our society, says Burmester. He points out thftt in the last presidential etec* tion, mtfw than half of all promotion budgets were spent on television. The military, too, habitually indulges in euphemistic phraseology, and did so especially during the Vietnam war, and the current "media-aware national administration," he charges, has been known to dip into the language of deceit on occasion. Some of the ideas he suggests for such a course include finding ads for the same product in different magazines and studying the change in tone and language in each of the magazines. "Teaching kids to deal with the language of deceit is really an exercise in becoming a resourceful and critical media consumer while directing students to become the same," he says. No doubt such courses would be worthwhile, if only by mak- Comment By r- H -\ 4 Don Oakley ing students more aware of the language we use, and misuse, grammatically and otherwise. Yet remembering Lincoln's words about fooling all of the people all of the time,, it may be wondered if Americans are as malleable or as gullible as some critics fear. Studies have shown that while advertising is effective in persuading consumers to buy one brand of a given product in preference to another, and is use* ful in introducing new products, it is questionable whether it can generate a need that is not already present. . .. An example Is seen In the sales of cigarettes, which Continue to climb even after their advertising was banned on television. Another is the almost a> solute failure of intensive media campaigns to persuade people to use the seat belts In their automobiles. At least one other study of youngsters found that by the time kids get to be about nine or 10 years old, they have become pretty sophisticated and realistic judges of the stuff that is fed them over television. The real danger of the "language of deceit" may not be that Americans ire being conditioned to believe everything but that they may become so cynical that eventually they will believe nothing. (Newspaper Enterprise Assn.) Belsen Grad WASHINGTON - Dr. Israel Shahak, a professor of organic chemistry at Jerusalem's Hebrew University, is also the chairman of the Israeli League for Human and Civil Rights. Dr. Shahak passed part of his childhood in the Nazi concentration camp at Belsen, where he had the opportunity to study barbarism first hand: so you could say that this politely animated gentleman is also a Ph.D. in human rights, or the lack of them. Dr. Shahak has been visiting the United States trying to get a little publicity about Arab civil rights in Israel, a mission that isn't going to gain him many friends among his own countrymen or among a lot of people here. Nevertheless, Dr. Shahak goes his lonely way to newspaper offices, saying things like, "The American people are supporting discrimination and oppression in my country." Specifically he alleges that an operation called the Jewish National Fund is In the business of buying up all inhabitable land in Israel (except the cities of Haifa, Tel Aviv, and Jerusalem) and then slapping restrictive covenants on them so that Arabs may never rent or buy them again. He adds that Israeli courts have enforced attempted breaches of these restrictive covenants with fines. SINCE IT TOOK us here in the United States the better part of two centuries to have racially and religiously restrictive covenants declared constitutionally unenforceable by our courts, modesty should counsel against our upbraiding Israel. We might also consider moderating our indignation against the Soviets for their barring Jewish migration to Israel—preventing the free movement of people from one land of unfreedom to another land of unfreedom. Dr. Shahak maintains that discrimination extends further. He says that Arabs are not ac- Israeli Discrimination • \ cepted into the dominant Israeli Labor Party unless they are Druses — members of a small religious sect who detest the dominant SUnnis and Shiites more than they do the Israelis. Even these people are bnly admitted if they have served in the arniy, or so Df, Shahak says. As depressing as all this is, we still have to ask if the United States has any more business interfering in Israel's domestic affairs than It has shuf- . fling Lon Nol's cabinet around. Dr. Shahak says we do: "After all, you are already interfering by giving my government easy money, which makes them much more militaristic. So it's your business to know what you're involved in." THE MAILBOX Great Master Editor, Register-Mail: Lewistown is not as close to Galesburg as Macomb, I have been thinking today — and reading his verse — about Edgar Lee Masters who went over to Knox College in 1889. This poet made Lewistown closer to Galesburg than Macomb. If Dr. Shahak is close to right, most of us in America don't have the wildest idea of the kind of government we're supporting in Israel. Critical articles and mildly dubious TV dispatches appear very infrequently, but most of the time we get a day-in-and-day-out diet of pro-Israeli material. The reason, Dr. Shahak says, is that "Your reporters in my country are horrible. Whether they are Suborned or infatuated, I don't know, but they're like the reporters you had in the Soviet Union in the 1930s." Or, he might have added, like the ones we have in Chna in the 1970s, who see the beatific vision every time their official translator feeds 'em an eggroll. Pending the arrival of more skeptical American correspondents in the Middle East, we're going to have to depend on men like Shahak for a different and differing view. Although he reports young Israelis and the intelligentsia are moving away from the Zionist idea of an all-Jewish country in favor of a secular state with civil rights for all, there aren't going to be many Dr. Shahaks for a while. NOT ONLY is his League for Human and Civil Rights under considerable pressure back home, but some people in America would like to do him in as well. He says letters have been written to Jerusalem demanding that he be'fired and that one Christian clergyman here took it upon himself "to eo so - h far as to call me a renegade Jew." But if militant Zionism has its Christian allies, many Jews and non-Jews in America are wondering if we shouldn't draw back from our present course of total support of the rulers of the Israeli state. (By and large, American Jews haven't taken the hint from Tel Aviv to go Republican to encourage Nixon to keep on passing the ammunition.) There might be more misgivings if Dr. Shahak had a larger forum in which to discuss Mrs. Golda Meir and General Dayan's "Napoleonic delusions." At the minimum it's looking more and more as if we were going to get another Six-Day War, provoked, Dr. Shahak fears, by Israel. The outcome of that may be the seizure of the East Bank of the Jordan, where some or all of Israel's unwanted 1,400,000 Arabs would be pushed. An even grimmer possibility would be an understanding with Washington that the Israeli army would take of the American, energy crisis. Crazy talk, you may say, but the Middle East seems to have the power to bring out the madness in us. Remember the Franco-Israeli-English invasion of Egypt in 1956 and the American expeditionary force in Lebanon in 1958? At least we might heed Dr. Shahak's admonition to "take care to be informed." Copyright 1973, The Washington Post-£ing-Features Syndicate Letters to the Editor That Edgar Lee Masters In 1915 exploded a package of poems that were read around the world. You could read, 25 years after the publication, his poems in Hebrew, Italian, Japanese. French. German . . . Crossword Puzzle ACROSS 1 Young seal 4 Cougar 8 Abstain from food 12 Exist 13 Asseverate 14 Before (prefix) 15 Golfer's terra 16 Took away from 18 Bridge to Paradise (Koran; 2wd$.) 20 Pauses 21 Function .22 Titled nobleman 24 Transaction 26 Wheys of milk 27 Shakespeare can quean 30 Trying experience 32 Lure 34 Midday snooze 35 Makes amends 36 Road curve 37 Female red deer 59 FaU to hit 40 Masculine nickname 41 Legal point 42 Violently. 45 Cooked in an oven 49 Hireling criminals (coll) 51 First woman 52 Singing voice 53 Irritate (coll.) 54 J apanese coin 55 Chair 56 Roman date 57 Crafty DOWN 1 Patriarch o| Alexandria 2 Soviet river 3 Induces 4 Priest (Sp.) 5 Iris layer 6 Courage 7 Timetable abbreviation 8 Confronted 9 Emmets 10 Let it stand 11 Scatters hay 17 Rascally 19 SmaU island! 23 Mountain nymph 24 Medicinal r Answers te Preview Futile l T .lUUUI ^|llMMU[*1 Misiixi ramu rarara L=J ui u is i n f i i n r^ m m pa uuir.i L\\[^U aicna quantity 25 Goddess of discord 26 Slaughtered 27 Clergymen 28 High cards 29 Feminine nickname 31 Greek city 33 Heavy volumes 38 Sea nymph 40 Cooked leg of lamb 41 Demolishes 42 Turkish title 43 Masculine' 44 Tupian Indian 46 Shield bearing '47 Wicked 48 Abjure 50 Three times (comb, form) You wonder about Galesburg and Spoon River and Lewistown and all the places he knew so well. He took these plain people that today look from the walls in stern family portraits all over the Military Tract and made them speak poems. Was it Masters* genius, or the people he knew that made him great? He wrote 40 more books of all sorts; they were largely ignored. The Spoon River poems in which he climbed into the skins of people in Fulton County was a best-seller as we have never known before. Immediately he was famous. Immediately the people in Lewistown and all over Fulton and along the Spoon were angry at him for making those family portrait people flesh and blood and neoDle with hates and loves and meannesses and goodnesses. But why say this—any school boy knows Masters struck pay dirt with his one volume of verse? He did it in fun really. He was a Chicago lawyer. So why bring up the story of the poetic sensation of 1915? There is a good reason. Mean as some of the people who speak out in verse, there is consolation in time of Watergate and social ferment; there is reassurance in a time when some people say See ''Letters (Continued EDITOR'S NOTE: "The Galesburg Register-Mail welcomes tempered, constructive expressions of opinion from its subscriber! on current topics of interest, in the form of a letter to the editor. The Register- Man, however, assumes no responsibility for opinions therein expressed. Because of space limitations, letters should not exceed 200 words In length, They will be subject to condensation. The Register* Mail would prefer letters typed and double-spaced. Letters must include the writer's signature and address. Defamatory material will be rejected, Np letters can be returned. r ' • • galesburg fecfster-Mail 15 H 1 ^ - _ j |i$ | 18 • [aT """"••26 30 34 36 Office 140 South Prairie Slraet Galesburg, Illinois, 61401 TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mall Exchange 343 -7181 [40 •pi IS" 43 44 48 [50 52 Hi 53 65 1 I" Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Dally except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday, Columbus Day and Veterans Day. Ethel Custer Pritchard, publisher: Charles Morrow, editor and general manager; Robert Harrison, managing editor; Michael Johnson, assistant to the editor; James O Connor, assistant managing editor. National Advertising Representatives: Ward Griffith Co., Inc., New York, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Atlanta, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, Boston, Charlotte _ SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In City of Galesburg 50c a Week _^ By RFD maU in our retail trading , „ zone: 1 Vfjar 816.00 3 Months 85 25 6 Months 8 9.00 1 j4on th 82.00 No mall subscriptions accepted in towns where there is established newspaper boy dsilvery service. By Carrier in retail trading zone outaide City of Galesburg 50c a Weak By mail outside retail trading „ in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading i X ear .u J 22 " 00 3 Months $6 00 6 Months $1200 1 Month $2.50 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa a m> and Missouri: I X? ar ,u I??- 00 3 Monlhs $7.50 6 Months $14.50 1 Month $3.0U (NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN.) EMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION [H

Get full access with a Free Trial

Start Free Trial

What members have found on this page