Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on May 14, 1973 · Page 4
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May 14, 1973

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Monday, May 14, 1973
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It 4 Galesbura Register-Moil. Gotesburd. 111. Mon„ Moy 14, 1973 "Who Me? I'm Just Standfn' and Waitin'!" EDITORIAL Comment and Review This Is Transportation Week The deaths will occur, however, and President Richard Nixon has proclaimed the next seven days, National Transportation Week. That in itself is nothing unusual, since the presidential gubernatorial and mayoral proclamations are about the most overused and therefore the most inconsequential functions of those officers of government. But this week, there is reason to focus attention on the subject of Mr. Nixon's proclamation. And many businesses and non-profit organizations, such as the Galesburg Traffic and Transportation Club, will be attempting to do just that. The field of transportation is a large one and each aspect of it is deserving of public awareness. Never before has the economic stability and growth of the coun< try been so dependent on good transportation systems. And never before has it been so difficult for the industry to provide safe, efficient and inexpensive means of transportation, not only for people, but products as well, One area, however, that receives the least public attention, but presents the most critical problems for the largest number of people is traffic safety. It is estimated that more than 56,000 Americans will die on the nation's roads during 1973 and that millions will be injured. It is also estimated that most of those deaths could be prevented. there will probably,be more than expected. One of the primary reasons is public apathy. Traffic fatalities have become so much a part of daily life and the statistics so impersonal that a highway death means nothing unless a friend or relative is the victim. . Airline disasters, for example, receive far more attention than auto accidents, not because they take more Uvesr—they don't— but because they are less common, more spectacular and seemingly more tragic. The result is that the public reacts more forcefully and government and industry spend more time and money making air travel safer. Contrary to the opinion of Ralph Nader, traffic safety cannot be achieved by the auto industry alone. The public must be made aware of the magnitude of the problem, and discipline itseU to drive carefully and within the law. The public must also demand of Detroit more than nice looking cars at low prices. The automakers are only going to produce what the consumers will buy. If the consumers scream loud enough for safety features and indicate they are willing to pay for them, Detroit will move faster and produce more than it would at the prodding of Congress or 100 Ralph Naders, Ecological BackJmh Science Service reports what must be a classic case of "ecological backlash." It all began when the World Health Organization sprayed a village in Borneo With DDT in an effort to eradicate malaria. The spraying kiijed the mosquitoes all right, but cockroaches built up an immunity to the poison and concentrated it in their bodies. Household lizards called geckos ate the cockroaches and became ill, falling prey to Making The U.S.. Supreme Court has upheld \ the right of a public schoolteacher to re\ main silent during the Pledge ol AJJegianee ? Ip her classroom. Mrs. Susan Russo, a high school art teacher who had been dismissed from her ' job in the suburb of Rochester, N.Y., had j refused to give the pledge because she | considered its assurance of liberty and justice for all to be "hypocritical." This was not the first time that manda* (pry recitation of the pledge has been challenged as a matter of conscience, nor will it be the last, though from now on one will \ have to go to court about it. • A few weeks ago, Ohio Rep. Thomas \ M. Bell became the first legislator in that -state's history to vote against a routine resolution which has House members pledge the many cats that roamed the village. As both cats and ligdzrathatJf bgk cm cmfwp both cats and lizards died from the effect of DDT, disease-carrying rats began to multiply and caterpillars began gnawing at the thatched roofs, endangering houses with collapse. Fortunately, a planeload of cats, dropped by parachute, helped restore the balance of nature. the Pledge allegiance to the flag on the first day of every weekly session. Bell, who at 24 is the youngest member of the Ohio General Assembly, stated that despite his vote he would join his colleagues in the recitation but that he remained "opposed to making a mockery of my country's sacred documents by continually reciting a pledge that we continue to violate." Now no doubt many Americans recite the pledge to the flag thoughtlessly, even hypocritically, But its words were never meant to be a statement of fact, but of intent—a promise made by the founders of the nation which each succeeding generation renews. It may be asked when, if ever, there will be liberty and justice for all—assuming we can even agree on a definition of those words that would satisfy all. Production Key to Fighting Inflation WASHINGTON (NEA) - If President Nixon wants to cut the inflation of food prices over the long run, there's only one way to do it—raise production. Historically, price controls work only for short periods if they work at all. And they have side effects. They distort the economy. Marketers quickly learn ways around the controls. All too frequently, the wrong group gets squeezed. Despite the high meat prices, for example, a farmer can" get caught between the heavy costs of production and an erratic market. Speculators, or a few major producers which are more like conglomerates than farmers, often rake off what large profits there are. President Nixon has taken one major step — taken a considerable chunk of farmland out of the "stockpile" so that added wheat, corn and other crops can be grown. But in the next few years these gains in production may be more than offset by a continued world shortage of grains which noW seems to be in prospect. But there's another way out. No up-to-date figures seem to be available, and what figures there are seem to be somewhat contradictory. Nevertheless, after taking these uncertainties into account, research seems to indicate that plaint diseases cAt us at least $3 billion a year in crop losses in the United States alone, that insects take another $3 billion and weeds 92 billion more. Pollution adds between $100 million and $500 million dollars a year for a grand total of between $8 billion and #.5 billion dollars each 12 months. These figures are probably on the low side. They are a few years old and do not take account of recent dollar inflation. Other estimates put the annual crop losses from plant diseases, insects, weeds and pollution from a fifth to a third of the total crop production in the United States each year. Now no one in his right mind believes that these disease-pest- weed-pollution losses overall can be eliminated or even cut in half in the next decade. But even a 10 per cent or 20 per cent cutback would.mean major production gains. In some key areas of course, one or another of these factors can be even more serious than the averages noted above. In Comment By Ray Cromley those instances where crop production and heavy pollution do occur in the same general vicinity, there can be very high losses from this one source alone. One study a few years back reported grape yields were reduced in Los Angeles County by 40 to 50 per cent and citrus by 20 per cent. In areas close to a single sulfur dioxide source, one fumigation episode may result in a loss of to td 60 per cent to one cutting of alfalfa. The food problem worldwide may be on the increase at Russians, Japanese, Eait and West Europeans and other peoples improve their standards of living and as the World population grows at rates faster than production can be increased. The nations with improving living standards demand more meat— and, as everyone knows, meat production is costly in its use of grain. There are increasing pressures on the world's fish supply, with the major fishing nations pushing their fleets so desperately hard that the supplies of some important species are In danger. This throws more pressure back on meat and grain. The United States has done well in the past two decades in research on crop and animal pests and diseases. But we are now in an inflation emergency which could last a very long time. Short run measures may get us by for now. But for the long run we need to institute a crash program in research equivalent in scope to the Apollo race to the moon. (Newspaper Enterprise Assn.) Memo Raps School Bus Transmissions WASHINGTON - The slightest sign of school bus failings, by law, must be rushed to the Transportation Department to determine whether the manufacturer should recall and repair the buses. Yet, so far as we can learn, General Motors has failed to notify the Transportation Department of some school bus transmissions described in an internal memo as potentially unsafe. This is an astonishing case of General Motors' left hand slapping its right hand. For the accusation, involving a possible law violation, has been made by one GM division against another. THE DETROIT DIESEL Allison branch, in a nine-page memo complete with photos, charges that the Hydra-Ma'tic branch is producing a transmission with a ''parts failure" potential, which "truckers and school bus operators can little afford." Intended for GM eyes only, the memo declares: "Durability and life has been compromised in order to produce a lower priced truck automatic (transmission) .... About the only saleable advantage of the transmission is its first-cost price," Detroit Diesel questions the "safety" of the sister division's product, saying the school bus transmission has a "weak center area with a potential 'breakpoint' structure." The memo also cites negative safety fac? ton in the transmission's over- speed, driveline and lack of acceleration. Finally, Detroit Diesel cites a GM test which, it says, shows "productive weaknesses." The "Mud Hole Test," which the transmission flunked, determines durability and safety of the school buses' reverse gear. At Detroit Diesel's transmission branch in Indianapolis, we reached sales manager D. R. Bingham, who spluttered that "this was not intended as an external memo . , . Neither was it intended to get out of the corporation." GM in Detroit tried to blame the criticisms on "an overenthuslastic writer" at Detroit Diesel. "The Hydra-Matic Is not unsafe," the spokesman said- FAA NEGLIGENCE: The reluctance of the Federal Aviation Administration to take effective safety measures, in the opinion of safety experts, is to blame for continuing crashes of Beech­ craft-18 light planes. Dozens have died needlessly, say the experts. Comment By Jack Anderson The crashes have been caused by wing failure, yet the weakness in the wings has been known as far back as 1947. Still, the FAA has not acted to insure p?£senger safety. In, 1968, the National Transportation Safety Board recommended that the FFA require licensing of aircraft X-ray technicians who could detect cracks in the wings, The FAA did not act on the recommendation, On April 19, six persons were killed in a Beechcraft-18 near Davenport, Iowa. X-rays taken of the plane reveal cracks in the wing. These were undetected last July when the craft was inspected, so it was allowed to continue in service, As a result of the Iowa crash, the NTSB has again asked the FAA to license X-ray technicians. In addition, the FFA ignored a NTSB recommendation to reduce the number of hours a Beechcraft-18 can fly before being inspected. The weak wings of the Beechcraft-18s can be shored by a steel belt welded cnto them. However, the FFA does not yet require that an owner do this until after 600 hours of flying time. An FFA spokesman said the owners are allowed this leeway because it takes up to two weeks to reinforce the wings with the steel belts. The FFA has not considered, he said, grounding the planes altogether until the belts are welded on the 570 operating aircraft. GUN LOBBY; The National Rifle Association wheeled but its big guns recently in an effort to stop the Smithsonian Jn» stitution from showing a film which depicted hunters as a threat to endangered animals. The documentary, "Say Goodbye," has been steeped in eon. Qalesburg Register-Mail 0 *«cr 140 South Prairie street GaJtiWg, Illinois, 01401 TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 343 -711} Entsred as Second Clue Matter at the Post Office at Gelesburg, Illinois: under Act of Congress ol March 3. 1879. Daily except Sunday! and Holidays other than Washington 1 ! Birthday, Columbus Day and Veterans Day, Ethel Custer Pritohard, publisher; Charles Morrow, editor and general manager; Robert Harrison, msnag- ing editor: Michael Johnson, assistant to the editor; James O'Connor, assistant managing editor. National Advertising Representatives: Ward Urit/itn Co., Inc., New V'ork, Chicago, Detroit, Los An- geJes. S^n Francisco, Atlanta, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, Boston, Charlotte MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OJ* CIRCULATION SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier Jn city of GsJesbvrg 30c a Week By RED matl in our retail trading zone: I Year 111 .00 3 Months *5 25 s Monthi I ».po 1 Month few No mail subscription* soeepted i n towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery service. By Carrier In retail trading gone outside City of Galesburg 8Qg a we«k By mall outside retaU trading zone in Illinois. Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone: l Year |22,oo 3 Months }6O0 0 Months 112 UP 1 Month iit.tO By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri: 1 Year $26 00 3 Months 17.50 6 Months $14.50 1 Month Is .Ufl troversy since it was produced by the Wolper Organization three years ago. One minor scene, for example, depicts a polar bear being slaughtered from a helicopter by a rifleman. Actually, the bear was merely anesthetized and released unharmed. Wolper has carefully inserted disclaimers at the beginning of the film to inform viewers that some of the scenes were "recreated." But basically, the documentary is accurate. Smithsonian officials scheduled the film for showing at a noontime "Free Film Theater" last month. The National Rifle Association demanded an ad-* vance viewing so it could pass upon the film's accuracy. After preview privileges were denied, the Smithsonian received a letter from the NBA. "The National Rifle Association of America," wrote Us executive vice president, Maxwell Rich, "earnestly protests the showing of this film and urges that the Smithsonian Institution give strong consideration to withdrawing this material from us program in favor of more factual and enlightening information." Shortly thereafter, the Smithsonian received telephone calls from the offices of Reps. Wright Patman, D-Tex., Robert Sikes, D-Fla„ and John Dingell, ID- Mich. Patman said he was "representing a constituent" and was merely making an "inquiry." Sikes was disturbed, he said, because he understood the film "was intended to place hunters in a bad light." Drngell celled the film "deceitful and misleading" and "not a faithful representation of the facts." Despite the political pressure, the Smithsonian went on with the show, taking care to Issue a disclaimer of its own before the film began. Two NRA "re­ porters," armed with a tape recorder and a camera, showed up and conspicuously photographed the audience. The "reporters," said a spokesman, were on as* sigriment for the NRA maga- gine, "The American Rifleman." Footnote: Despite the "staged" scenes, "Say Goodbye" has won several major awards and was nominated for an Oscar in 1970. (Copyright, 1973, by Unittd Feature Syndicate, Inc.) The Almanac By United Press International Today is Monday, May 14, the 134th day of 1973 with 231 to follow. The moon is approaching its full phase. The morning stars are Mercury, Mars and Jupiter. The evening stars are Venus and Saturn. Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. Gabriel Fahrenheit, a Prussian who developed the thermometer, was born May 14, 1686. On this day in history; In 1904, the Olympic Games Were held in the United States far the first time—in St. Louis. In 1942, Congress established the WACS, the Women's Army Corps, for World War II duty. In 1969, President Nixon proposed withdrawal of a]l American, allied and North Vietnamese troops from South Vietnam. The Communists rejected the proposal. In. 1970, two Negro student* were killed and nine Injured when police opened fire on the campus of Jackson State College in Mississippi. A thought for the day: British novelist George Meredith Mid, -"A witty woman is a treasure-*a witty beauty is a power." Crossword Puzzle Rural Antwert to Previci.': PJIIIS ACBOgg 1 CulUvated •creag« S Cultivate wil a Feminine name 10 Utopian 18 Yellow vegetable 13 Grazing «rt« lSVpparUmb 18 Vestment 11 PicUonary of American English («b.) 19 Row 81 Southern genet*} gfeaiatan, 10 Jewish law (vex.) MT «rmfJ reepect V School table « Marine* directum »-—chow, Chinese province SOWMp 32 Conjunction 83 Greenland settlement 36 Constellation 39 Girl's name 43 Wheel (oomb- form) 44 Witticism 45 Food regimen 44 Mufpiiline name 47 Encountered 48 Compass point 40 Figure of speech 62 Equal-angled polygon &5 One who repairs chain 56 Chest ratUes 57G*ins. 5g One who stares POWN 1 Agriculturist g Arrival (»b.) a River (Sp.) 4 Gold and silver 5 Building materials 6 Small fish 7 Meadow g Scottish boy 9 Boy's name 11 Puts en board 13 Game Chapman— r- 14 Beven days 17 Hawaiian garland 90 Spanish grazing farm 22 Loved 27 Hesitation sound 38 Hawaiian bird 31 Laments (eoll.) 33 Discord goddess 14 Shaped IUM column Molding 3S Cossack chief 37 Fish eggs aactathiM 40Stay*whJk 41 Soft we von fabrics H Allow Mfpoak 14 Satniih thrw r (WWWAW IMTUMUSJ AUtii

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