The Jeffersonian from Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania on December 18, 1845 · Page 2
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The Jeffersonian from Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania · Page 2

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Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania
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Thursday, December 18, 1845
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JEFFEKSONIAN REPUBLICAN Thursday December 18, 1845. Terms, $5,00 in advance; $2.25, naif yearly; and $2,50 if not paid befoiethe end of the vear. The President's Message. Unless its unusual length has deterred them, wo suppose our readers have by this lime all read the President's Message, which we published entire in our last week's paper. We then made but a very few remarks upon lis contents ; and we have been so busy during the past seven days, that we have not found time to prepare many more for to-day. A very few, ihorefore, is all we intend to offer. All the topics treated by the President, pos-ess great interest to the people of the United Stales; hut the subjects of the Tariff and the Oregon difficulty, possess such uncommon interest, that the others dwindle into comparative littleness. Apart from these two, very little is spoken of the Message. Upon thorn all, or nearly all, the remarks of the press and the people are made. On the subject of Oregon, the President is pretty generally upheld in what he says in his Message. It is true, many do not think he has displayed much statesmanship or diplomacy in his management of the negotiation with the British Minister; but then they are all in fa-Tor of standing by him in his determination to sustain the just rights of this country. Great speculation prevails as to what course England will take in consequence of Mr. Polk's unequivocal declaration of our right. Some think that a war must inevitably ensue between the two countries. Others again think that it will lead to an early settlement of the boundary. Whatever may be the result, it is the duty of this country to be prepared for whatever course things may take. On the subject of the Tariff", we spoke briefly last week, and shall do so again hereafter. We are glad to see that the Whig press generally is speaking out manfully on the subject, and condemning the course of the President. X few locofoco presses, also have broken through their party traces, and come out in favor of Pennsylvania interests against their free trade President. But more of this hereafter. Shameful Deception. The Monroe Democrat of last week says, that Mr. Polk's views as contained in his Message are the same as those contained in his letter to John K. Kane, in 1844, " with which the people of Monroe County are perfectly familiar," &c. Now this is a shameful and barefaced deception, as well on the part of Mr. Polk, as on that of the Democrat. Last year the people were told that the letter to Mr. Kane proved Mr. Polk to be a friend of Protection. Now Mr. Polk comes out boldly and says that he is opposed to a tariff for protection, and only in favour of one for revenue. Yet the Democrat is willing to assist in keeping up the idea that Mr. Polk is a friend of protection. It is a Bmall business. Tlie Barley Sheaf. On a recent visit to Philadelphia, the junior editor of this paper stopped at Mr. Watson's, 6ign of the Barley Sheaf, No. 193 North Second Street, and he embraces this early opportunity of speaking of the excellent accommodations he found there. The house is advantageously located for the business part of the city, the table is abundantly provided with the good things of the season, and the landlord is one of the most obliging fellows in, the world. We advise every one going to the city, to give him a trial ; and they may depend upon being pleased. Sausbine aad Rain. By reference to our advertisements, it will be seen that Messrs. Sleeper & Fesner, Umbrella, Parasol and Sun Shade Makers, No. 126 Market Street, Philadelphia, are prepared to furnish dealers in those articles, at the lowest possible prices. Store keepers, and others, will find it to their interest to give them a call. A Good Cap of Tea. 'In another column the citizens of Strouds-hurg will find an invitation from Mr. G. B. Zieher, agent' of the Pekin Tea Company, No. 30 South Second Street, to give him a call and examine his large and excellent assortment of Teas, which he has for sale. His inducements cannot fail to attract the attention of all who are fond of an excellent cup of Tea. Colored Voters. There are 1001 colored legal voters in N&w York State'. December Monthlies. Wo have received the December numbers of the Farmers' Library and Godey's Lady's Book. They are both excellent. The present num ber of Godey closes the old volume. A new volume will be commenced with the January number, which will be published in the coune of a very few days. Now is the time to subscribe. Price $3,00 a year. The Jcffersoniait. We take great pleasure in presenting the Jeflersonian to our readers on paper of an improved and very superior quality. It is our intention, moreover, not only to print a handsome paper, but one which will commend itself for more substantial qualities. We have made arrangements, we are happy to say, which will enable us to publish a paper excelled by no country newspaper in the State. The If ew Paper. We are informed that Mr. Siegfried has completed his arrangements so that he will bo enabled to publish the first number of his new paper, in Stroudsburg, in about two weeks. February Interest. The State Treasurer, calls upon Tax Collectors to pay up the State Tax for 1845 before the 2d Tuesday in January next, in order to enable the State to meet the interest due in February. There is now in the Treasury available, Available amount of outstanding tax for 1845, Available amount of outstanding tax for previous years, $356,617 646,000 257,000 Making togethcT, February interest, Leaving a balance after paying the interest, of $1,259,617 900,000 S359.617 Whiff Victory ill Boston. Hon. Josiah Quincy, Whig, was last week elected Mayor of Boston by a majority of 39S0 over his locofoco opponent, and 2264 over both locos and Natives. Last year the locos and Natives united, and succeeded in electing a Mayor. The Whig gain since last year, is about 3000! Up DIED, suddenly in Boston, on Tuesday of last week, the Native American Party. As its death was sudden, a Coroner's Inquest was held, who rendered a verdict that the deceased died of the Quincy Hun. Gaz. Found. Delazon Srajih, the artful dodger, whose whereabouts has long been a matter of profound mystery, is at length discovered to be still alive and kicking. When last heard of, he was at the capitol of the Republic of Euca-dor, South America, the place to which he was sent to learn whether it had a government. Hun. Gazette. We learn by the Philadelphia papers that Commodore Elliott, of the U. S. Navy, died in that city on the II ih instant, in the 62nd year of his age. Protection against Pickpockets. Mr. Joseph Colton, tailor, of Amherst, Mass. has invented an ingenious, and in the opinion of gentlemen competent to judge, an effectual protection against that species of thieving so common at the present day, by which one's money or other valuables is abstracted from his pockets. It consists of two curved plates, united by hinges at the extremities, and which by means of holes in the plates are sewed to the lid of the pocket, constituting its opening. While the plates are being shut, a slide to which a spring is attached is forced up, which immediately resumes its place as they close and fastens them together. Not only is the pocket fastened by the slide, whenever it is shut, but it may be locked, if the owner desires it, by pressing a knob; of which there are three upon the plate, all of which must be moved to unlock the pocket, and the use of both hands is necessary to do it. The pocket is also sur rounded with a net work of wire, so that what ever is contained in it can neither be taken out nor cut out without the knowledge or consent of the owner. The invention is applicable to both watch pockets and others. An Extraordinary Machine One of the most wonderful, not to say miraculous, inven tions that ever entered the mind of man, has just been completed, says the Phila. Chronicle, in this city. It is an Automaton gifted with the power of speech, not only in English, but in several other languages. It has a throat and tongue, similar to the human being, and the vowels and consonants are elicited by the air conveyed to the thorax by artificial Iung9. The talented and singularly gifted inventor, has we are told, devoted an ordinary lifetime to its perfection. Fecundity. A Providence paper gives an account of a man at Woonstock, who one week had a cow which produced two calves at one birth. The next week he had a mare which gave birth to two colts. The third week his wife had three children at a birth. The calves, colts and children were all doing well at the last accounts. The editor says, he should not like to live neighbor to such a man. We should consider him dangerous. Report of tbe Postmaster General. From. the Report of the Hon. Cave Johnson, Posfmasler General, accompa nying the President's Message, the Constitution has compiled the following facts, which we copy for the information of our renders : Extent in miles of post roads over.which mails were transported on 30th June, 1845, t 143,844 Amount of transportation during the year ending do., 36,634,269 On horseback and in sulkies, 11,225,631 . By stage coach, 17,924,046 By steamboats and rail roads, 6,481,592 Which cost, 2,905,504 On horseback and sulkies, $548,482 By railroad and steamboat, 1,476,052 ' For'local and mail agents, and messengers incidental to ruil-roads and steamboats, 37,.14 Number o( contractors employed by the de partment, 30th June, 1815, 8.277 do mail agents, 30 do. " messengers, 1 14 do. local agents, 13 The amount of miles of transportation exceeded last year, 24,645 The cost was leas by $62,791 Number of post offices 30th June, 1845, 14,183 do. do. established proceeding year, 352 do. do discontinued do. 269 do. do. this day, 14,093 do. Postmasters appointed during year, 3,033 On account of deaths or resignations, 1,897 do. change of site of post office, 17 do. removals, 753 do. commissions expired and not re-appointed, 14 do. establishment of new posf. offices, 352 516 contractors have been fined to the extent of $10,511 50 The revenue of the department was, $4,289,841 SO The expenditures 4,320,731 98 The net revenue, after deducting commissions of postmasters, & contingent and incidental ex Fruits of Polkery. Since the receipt of the President's anti-Tariff Message, followed by the ultra Free Trade Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, Messrs Pratt and Son have stopped their works and discharged their bands, both at this place and across the Susquehanna, at the mouth of the Conodogwinet. The rolling mill hero was recently built, and put into operation in May last. The Messrs. Pratts were most strenuous supporters of Polk, and all their hands are said to have voted for him under the belief that ho was in favor of the Tariff which gave them work and bread. They are now without employment, reaping the fruits of the deception practised upon them. Such are (he benefits that are to be conferred upon the poor by Polk's Free Trade policy. Har. Telegraph. Remedy for Lockjaw. Having seen the Argus of the 21st, an account of the death of the son of Mr. Andrew Wesson, from Lockjaw, from a nail accidentally run into his fool, I would slate for the benefit of those afflicted from similar causes, that a common cent or a piece of copper bound firmly upon the wounded part, and in actual contact with it, will cause almost immediate and entire relief, and caue the wound to speedily heal, whether it be made by rusty nail, steel instrument, splinter, or any other cause, either in foot, hand or other part of the body. N. B. Rusty or tarnished copper is preferable to bright copper, though either will .answer. J. H. H. Albany Argus; Church bells can uowfbe made of steel, as has been proven by an ingenious American -mechanic in Ohio, from a suggestion in an English newspaper. A bell weighing fifty pounds, made of steel, will cost only about $30, and can be heard tvvo jmles or. more, Buried Alive. A shocking case is stated in a Baltimore letter to the Tribune. A young lady was taken sick, and died very suddenly, as was supposed by the family and physician, and was placed in her coffin and carried to the depository of the family, and placed in the family vault. A few days afterwards on visiting the vault, they were struck with the horriblessight of the young lady in her burial clothing, out of the coffin, and sitting up against the side of the wall dead ! As may be supposed the discovery has plunged a family and large circle of acquaintances in the deepest anguish. The coffin lid had been forcibly pressed off by the young woman, who had actually been buried before the vital spark had tied, and who had returned to consciousness, but to die the most horrible of deaths ! Very Extraordinary Phenomena. A very singular phenomena is recounted in the Galveston News. A very heavy storm of thunder and lightning recently occurred at that place the reports of the thunder and the flashes of the lightning be so nearly simultaneous, that the intervening time was imperceptible. Immediately after the shower, the bay was seen covered with dead ducks and geese in all directions. There could not have been much short of three thousand slain in the vicinity. Others, though not killed were so Btunned or paralyzed with the percussion that they paddled about in utter bewilderment, as if intoxicated or affected with the vertigo. Some wild geese on the prairie were uUo killed by the same shocks, and have since been found. miserable Delusion and Scandalous Exhibition. The Millerite delusion in New York is leading to the most infamous prac'ices. In Green county, at a village a few miles back of Cats-kill, a company of Millerites, consisting of various ages and boih sexes, a few weeks ago, in expectation of the immeddiate end of the world, concluding that clothing was no longer necessary, shut themselves up together in a state of perfect nudity for several days together. The discovery was made by the neighbors, through one of the young women, without a panicle of clothing being seen to go to the well for a pail of water, and the poor deluded creatures could not be induced to resume their apparel till the authorities of the place interfered and compelled them to do so. These facts are stated upon authority, the Sun says, most unquestionable. It is said that shawls are selling in New-York at $1,500 a piece, which will probably raise Home of the ladies a hundred per cent, on their home valuation, on printed matter, giving the riht to the publishers of conveying such matter nn of the mails if they think proper ; also, a i- .. r al . i r i. limitation or tne nunmcr oi exmauge papers which the editors may send and receive free of postage, in aucing the fact that there are now from 1700 to I80r newspaper establishments, as proof of the the abuse which may be practised under the law as at present. Also, the restoration of the franking privilege to the postmasters ; and that all persons who, under the old law, being in employ of Government, had the privilege of receiving letters free, should have the privilege restored to them. He also recommends most strenu-ously and energetically the making the payment of all postoge imperative upon the senders. The report states that there are estimated to be not less than 300,00a dead letters returned to the Post Offkp eparlmenl quarterly ; and, during lhefir.4 quarter under the operation of the new 400,000, the postage on which is lost u the Government, as well as an immense amount of printed matter which is never taken out of the offices. The magnetic telegraph between .Baltimore and Wash ington has cost, between the 1st April and 1st October, 3,244 89, (including Prof. Morse's salary,) and the receipts hae been $4-13 44. Annual Report of the Finances. The Secretary of the Treasury com mumcated this interesting document to both Houses of Congress on Wednesday IVe make the following abilract of iu contents : RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES. The receipts and expenditures for the fiscal year ending, the 30th of June, 1845, were as follows: RECEIPTS AND MEANS. From customs, $27,58,112 70 Sales of Public lands, 2,077,022 30 Miscellaneous sources, 1G3 99S 56 penses, $2,94.2,217 27 Estimates falling off from change in rales of postage at 45 rer cent. Assuming this to be correct, and that the savings on contracts let and to be let will equal the expenses of new routes and improved service, there will be a diminution of means $1,323,997. The reduction of post of transportation of mails in New England States and New York for the year ending SOih June next, while the same amount of service will he performed as last year, will be $252,732. The letting of new routes in the above Slates will amount to $36,200. Of 67 Railroad contracts in those states only 35 have been adjuged in consequence of exhorbitant demands. The railroad service performed is one-tenth part of the whole, the pay they receive is one-fifth part. Should there be a similar saving in the other divisions in letting the new con tracts, there will he a further saving In the Western section in the year end ing 30lh June, 1847, of $335,000. Southern section in jear ending 30th June, 1848, of $238,000. .Middle section in year ending 30th June, 1849, of 180,000. The compensation to postmasters and expenses of officers for the year ending June, 1845, $1,499,875 18. The resignations consequent upon the new law, previous to the issuing of the circular giving the postmaster the same compensation as last year, amount to over 2000 Alludes to the frauds committed under the weight system, one envelope which accidentally broke, was marked post paid $1 60 containing 100 letters, which were liable to 10 postage. Recommends, if the weight system is to he continued, its reduction to a quarter of an ounce for a single package. in 1838, the weight of the mails for one week in the cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, and Rich mond was tested, and the whole weight amounted to 55,244 lbs. The newspapers weighed 14,868 " Periodicals . do 8,857 " Letters free and taxable do. 1,916 " At present he believes the printed matter is nine-tenths of the weight conveyed, and that it pays onl) one-tenth of the expense. He recommends that the rates of postage be hereafter 5 cents for a single letter under 50 miles. 10 cents for a single letter oyer 50 and under 300 miles. 15 cents for a single letter dvef 300 miles. These rates he proposes to continue until the 30th June, 1848; and tften abolish the 15 cent rate, and restore the rates as at presei.t. He recommends also tbe restoration of the former rales of , postage Total receipts, $29,709,133 56 Balance in Tre'ry July 1, 1844, 7,857,379 64 Total means The expenditures during the same fiscal year a-mounted to $37,620,513 20 29,96a206 98 Balance in Treasury, July 1, 1845, " $7,658,306 22 The estimated receipts and expenditures for the fiscal year ending- June 30, 1S46, are as follows : reccipts viz . From customs, 1st quarter, actual returns, . $8,861,932 14 2nd, 3d and 4th quarters, estimated. 15.63S.067 86 Total amount of customs From sales of Public Lands, Miscellaneous and Incidental, Add balance in Treasury, 1st July, Total receipts- EXPENDITURES Actual expenditures for 1st quarter ending Sept. 30. Estimated for three ensuing quarters: Civil list, foreign intercourse, &c. Army proper, Fortifications, O r d -nance, arming militia, &c. Indian Department. Pensions, Interest on public debt and Treasury Notes, Redemption of the residue of the loan of . 1841, Treasury Notes out- standing, , . Naval establishment, $24,500,000 OD 2,200.000 00 120,000 00 '826.820.000 00 7,658,306 22 34,478,306 23 viz : . $8,463,092 41 6.739.211 06 2.594,735 06 2,346,778 82 I 649,791 94 1,356-555 02 856.976 4S 29,300 00 - 087,761 IS 4,902,845 93 29.627.051 90 to Which deductfrom the means before stated leaves in the Treas ury, July 1, 1846, ' 84,851.234 3 This balance of course auhiected to any additional appropriations made by congress. Tne sum of SL548.997. for supplying deficiency of revenue for postage, and. $300,000 for postages of Congress and of the Executive offices are included in the above sum of $29,627,051 90. This statement is followed hv a very elaborate examination, of the principle upon which the imposition of taxes lor the support of the Government should be based.. The Secretary lavs down the foU lowing propositions ; 1. That namore money should he collected than is necessary for the want! of the Government economically adminis tered. 2. Tha.t no duty, be imposed on any, at

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