The Lincoln Star from Lincoln, Nebraska on July 21, 1969 · Page 1
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The Lincoln Star from Lincoln, Nebraska · Page 1

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Monday, July 21, 1969
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THE LINCOLN STAR «7TH YEAB No. 250 LINCOLN, NEB., MONDAY MORNING, JULY 2 1, 196» 18 Pages 10 CENTS HAN WALKS HOON • • • Space Center, Houston (T)—Two Americans landed on the moon and explored its surface for some two hours Sunday, planting the first human footprints in its dusty soil. They raised their nation’s flag and talked to their President on earth 240,000 miles away. Both civilian Neil Alden Armstrong and Air Force Col. Edwin E. “Buzz” Aldrin Jr. reported they were back in their spacecraft at 12:11 a.m. COT Monday. “The hatch is closed and locked,” Armstrong reported. Millions on their home planet watched on television as the pair saluted their flag and scoured the rocky, rugged surface. The first to step on the moon was Armstrong, 38, of Wapakoneta, Ohio. His foot touched the surface at 9:56 p.m. CDT and he remained out for two hours and 14 minutes. ‘Leap For Mankind’ His first words standing on the moon were, “That’s one small step for man, a giant leap for mankind.” Twenty minutes after he stepped down, Aldrin followed. “Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful,” he said. “A magnificent desolation.” He remained out for one hour and 44 minutes. Their spacecraft Eagle landed on the moon at 3:18 p.m., and they were out of it and on the surface some six hours later. Granted Extra Time At the end, mission control granted them 9xtra time on the lunar surface. Armstrong Armstrong Takes Historic Step was given 15 extra minutes, Aldrin 12. Even while they were on the lunar surface, lick Observatory in southern California sent a laser light beam to the moon, aiming at the small mirror the astronauts had installed on the surface. They got a reflection back on earth. Once back in the spaceship they began immediately to repressurize the cabin with oxygen. They stowed the samples of rocks and soil. “We’ve got about 20 pounds of carefully selected, if not documented samples,” Armstrong said, referring to the contents of one of two boxes filled with lunar material. The minutes behind were unforgettable for them, and for the world. Hazards Ahead The moments ahead were still full of hazai'd. Monday, at 12:55 p.m., they are scheduled to blast off from the moon to catch up with their orbiting mothership above for the trip home. President Nixon’s voice came to the ears of the astronauts on the moon from the Oval Room at the White House. “All the people on earth are surely one in their pride of what you have done, and one in their prayers that you will return safely ...” ‘A Privilege’ Aldi'in replied, “Thank you Mr. President. It is a privilege to represent the people of all peaceable nations.” Armstrong added his thanks. Armstrong’s steps were cautious at first. He almost shuffled. “The surface is fine and powdered, like powdered charcoal to the soles of the foot,” he said. “I can see my footprints of my boots in the fine sandy particles.” Armstrong read from the plaque on the side of Eagle, the spacecraft that had brought them to the surface. In a steady voice, he said, “Here man first set foot on the moon, July, 1969. We came in peace for all mankind.” As in the moments he walked alone, Armstrong’s voice was all that was heard from the lunar surface. “This has to be the most historic telephone call ever made,” he said. “I just can’t tell you how proud I am . . . Because of what you have done the heavens have become part of man’s world. As you talk to us from the Sea of Tranquillity, it inspires us to redouble our efforts to bring peace and tranquility to man. Appeared Phosphorescent He appeared phosphorescent in the blinding sunlight. He walked carefully at first in the gravity of the moon, only one-sixth as strong as on earth. Then he tried wide gazelle-like leaps. Aldrin tried a kind of kangaroo-hop, but found it unsatisfactory. “The so-called kangaroo hop doesn’t seem to work as well as the more conventional pace,” he said, ‘it would get rather tiring after several hundred.” In (he lesser gravity of the moon, each of the men, 165-pounders on Earth, weighed something over 25 pounds on the moon. .\rmstrong began the rock picking on the lunar surface. Aldrin Joined him using a small scoop to put lunar soil in a plastic bag. Nearly Ignored .\bove them, invisible and nearly ignored, was Air Force LI. Col. Michael Collins, 38, keeping his lonely patrol around the moon or the moment w-hen his companions blast-off and return to him for t h e trip back home. Collins said he saw a small white object on the moon, but didn’t think it was the spacecraft. It was in the wrong place. Back in Houston, where the nearly half­ moon rode the sky in its zenith, Mrs. Jan Armstrong watched her husband o ii television. “I eaiTl believe it is really happening,” she said. Armstrong surveyed the rocky, rugged scene around him. “It has a stark beautv all its own,” he said. “It’s different. But it’s very pretty out here.” They took pictures of each other, and Alrin shot views of the spacecraft against the lunar background. In a world where temperatures vary some 5(X) degrees, from 243 degrees above Luna Orbiting Nearer To Moon Jodrell Bank, England (ffi — Luna 15 darted dramatically nearer the moon Sunday in a maneuver Jodrell Bank scientists said could only mean the Soviet unmanned probe was bent on reconnaissance during the Apollo 11 mission or were preparing to land. Observatory Director Sir Bernard Lovell said that after Luna 15 had carried out two course corrections, its mean altitude was 40 miles above the lunar surface. In Moscow, the Soviet news agency Tass said Luna 15 was within 10 miles of the moon at its low^est point. It added that the probe was functioning normally in its scientific exploration of Lunar space. Semi-official leaks in Mowcow before last Sunday’s launching said Luna 15 would pick up moon soil and come back before U.S. astronauts could carry out this feat. Another possibility mentioned in Moscow was that Luna 15 would observe the Apollo 11 flight and possibly send back television coverage. Lovell said Luna’s new orbit meant it was possibly on a course over the Apollo landing site in the Sea of Tranquillity. He said the orbit was so close to the moon that the Russians could not expect to leave Luna in it for a long period. But he repeated that the chances of Luna interfering with Apollo were negligible. Tass said Luna was in an orbit ranging from 10 miles to 68 miles, at an angle of 127 degrees to the plane of the lunar equator and had an orbiting period of 1 hour and 54 minutes. The previous orbit given by Tass was 59 to 137 miles from the moon, with an orbiting time of just over two hours. Mars Goal Questioned Washington — Vice President Spiro T. Agnew said Sunday night “.America must go on to greater conquests in the heavens”. About the same time former astronaut Frank Bomian said President Nixon did not endorse Agnew’s earlier comments calling for the conquest of Mars by the end of the century. In a statement released by Agnew’s office following the Apollo 11 moon landing Sunday afternoon the Vice President praised the mission and went on to say it is “my fervent ho{^ that America will seize this opportunity that is now at hand to go on to greater conquests in the heavens.” Later, in a CBS television interview at the Smithsonian Institution’s aviation museum Agnew reiterated his belief that the United States should go to Mars in this century. But Borman, commander of last December’s Apollo 8 circumlunar voyage and Nixon’s personal space information source in recent days, said Sunday evening “he (Nixon) is going to wait until he gets the recommendation of the committee and the National Security Council. ASTRONAUT NEIL ARMSTRONG , . , becomes first human to set foot on surface of the moon. One Giant Leap For Mankind Space Center, Houston (f) — They kept the whole world waiting while they dressed to go out, but once there, the whole world saw Neil time, starkly black and white, somewhat jerky, hard to see. Like a 1929s movie, but with real life, breath-taking drama. Armstrong’s “one small step On Farm News .................Page 2 Tractor Safety Stressed State News................Page 5 Art Invades Brownville Inside Women's News Page 8 Luau In Lincoln Pages Sports News .... Pages 13,14 Phils Reinstate Allen for man, one giant leap for mankind.” Never before had so many been eyewitnesses to such high adventure: .Armstrong’s* white boot coming down a ladder. “It’s different, but it’s very pretty out here,” Armstrong said as his eye roamed a vista a human eye had never held — the moon. The picture w’as like a nickelodeon of grandma’s Man’s First Moon Step But it was man first stepping down to the moon. The whole world watched as Armstrong guided his companion, Edwin Aldrin, down that historic ladder, seeing Aldrin’s foot tentatively seek that last step. “It’s a very simple matter to hop d4)wn from one step lo the next, said Coach Armstrong. “It’s very comfortable, you’ve got three more steps and then a loiic one.” And the world saw, and heard Aldrin — breathing hard from the unusual exertion — go down that last step, and then, for practice, leap up again. “That’s a good step,” said .Aldrin. “Yeah, a three footer,” Armstrong said. ‘‘Be autiful, beautiful,” Aldrin added. “Isn’t that something.” Adlrin reach down. It was fairly easy, Aldrin reported. He said he got his suit dirty. The camera and the microphone picked up Armstrong reading the plaque on the side of their spacecraft. “Here man first set loot on the moon, July 1969. “We came in peace for all mankind.” And the electronic e y e, 240,000 miles away, picked up the dawning light on the lunar surface, looking much like a glacial seas. And the camera was held by man. Silhouetted Horizon And it showed their spacecraft, Eagle, silhouetted against the curving horizon. Editorials ..................4 Deaths.......................15 Entertainment .... 5 TV, Radio.................15 Markets ................. 9 Want Ads IS The Weather Moon Visit Requires Very [xpensive Wardrobe LINCOLN: Partly cloudy Monday with a slight chance of showers. High 80 to 85. Partly cloudy with a chance of thundershowers Monday night, low 60. Rain chances 20% Monday, 30% Monday night. EAST AND CENTRAL NEBRASKA: Partly cloudy Monday with slight chance of scattered thundershowers over most of the area. Not much temperature change, highs near 80 central and northeast to 85 southeast. Lows Monday night 55 to 65. More Weather, Page 3 Big Band Sound! Ray Lawrence and the New World. East HiUs, 1700 S. 70th. 488-0929.-Adv. Montgomery Ward X-Days are near. Are You Ready ?--Adv. Space Center, Houston — Staying alive on the moon requires the world’s most expensive wardrobe. The $300,000 suits donned by Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Col. Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. to protect them on the lunar surface are really an attempt to bring their earth atmosphere with them. On the moon, there is no oxygen, water or shade. Nor is there an atmosphere to shield the. sun’s radiation or burn up meteorites streaking toward the lunar surface. And temperatures — in the middle of the lunar day — range from 250 degrees above zero in the sun to 250 degrees below zero in shadows only a few yards away. To survive, an earthman must carry his own tiny atmosphere — oxygen, air conditioning, sun visors and a meteorite shield. The astronauts’ spacesuits are really balloons inflated with oxygen. A plastic bubble helmet attaches to the neck of the suit with a metal ring. Two visors on the helmet filter sunlight and shield meterorites. Gloves designed for maximum flexibility also attach with metal rings. Oxygen to inflate the suit is from an elaborate back pack. The pack, called the portable life support system or PLSS also provides electrical power for radio communications and air conditions the suit. Together, suit and pack weigh a staggerig 190 pounds on earth but only 30 pounds in the moon’s one-sixth gravity. The astronauts’ underwear has a system of pipes next to the body through which water circulates. The water transfers heat from the body to a radiator in the back pack where it is released into space. Cooling also comes from the oxygen pumped into the suit from the back pack at a temperature of 40-50 degrees. After flowing over the body and being breathed, the oxygen is returned to the pack, carrying away perspiration, carbon dioxide and body odor. The oxygen is chemically scrubbed and recirculated through the suit. zero in .sunlight, to 279 below in shadow, the men in the spacesuits felt comfortable. Aldrin reported, “in general, lime spent in the shadow doesn’t seem t(> have any thermal effects inside (he suit. There is a tendency to feel cooler in the shadow than out of the sun.” The sun was a problem for vision, ‘T have so much glare from the sun off the visor that when I go into shadow, it lake.s a while for my eyes to adjust,” Aldrin said. Color Disappeared The dust, too, was unusual. “The color of my boot has completely disappeared into ... I don’t know how to describe it — a kind of cocoa has covered my boot,” In spite of the dust they raised as their rocket flame churned the surface from a.s Apollo 1 1 Moon Flight News On Pages 3, 12 high as 40 feet, there was no discernible crater below the descent engine, they reported. If the moon walk was thrilling, the dangerous descent and landing were hardly less. “Houston,” Armstrong called out after the lunar lander settled on the moon’s surface. He hesitated almost two seconds. Then he added, “Tranquillity Base here. The Eagle has landed.” ‘Fantastic’ “F'antastic,” called down Collins from his orbiting command ship Columbia. The two intruders on the rocky surface de- etded — and were granted permission by ground control—to step outside the spacecraft several hours earlier than scheduled. First Armstrong, then Aldrin. Armstrong first told mission control he hoped to start outside at 8 p.m. CDT, but that later slipped to 9 p.m. and then to 9:30 as the astronauts’ chores delayed the moment. “We’ll support you any time,” said mission control. Preparations Armstrong and Aldrin began their preparations at 6:42 p.m. Donning their heavy, double-visored space helmets, their oxygen- providing backpads, the other accounter- ments of survival in a world so unlike their own. The events that brought them here were already inventoried, and the hazards known. As Eagle neared the surface of the moon, Armstrong saw that the computerized automatic pilot was sending the fragile ship toward a field scattered with rocks and iboulders in the projected landing site on the moon’s Sea of Tranquility. He grabbed control of his ship, sent it clear of the area w'here it would have met almost certain disaster, and landed four miles beyond the original landing point. Cosily Maneuver It was a costly maneuver. It cut the available fuel short. When it landed Eagle had barely 49 seconds worth of hovering rocket fuel left, less than half of the 114 seconds worth it was supposed to have. The landfall on the moon was the fruition of a national goal declared by the late President John F. Kennedy, The fullfillment cost $24 billion. “The auto targeting was taking us right into a football field sized crater with a large number of big boulders and rocks,” Armstrong said. “And it required us to fly manually over the rock field to find a reasonably good area.” They landed just north of the moon’s equator. In the original landing site, .Armstrong said there were “extremely rough craters and a large number of rocks. Many of them were larger than 10 feet.” Immediately after Eagle touch down, mission control dropped the radio call sign P}agle and referred to the Americans on the moon as. Tranquillity Base. The first hour was full of descriptions of sights no one had ever seen before. “From the surface,” Aldrin reported, “we could not see any stars out of the window. But out of the overhead hatch, Frn looking at the earth, big round and beautiful.” Smiling Faces Just after landing, mission control called up, “Be advised there are lots of smiling faces here and all around the wwld.” “There are two up here also,” .Armstrong beamed back. “Don’t forget the third one up here.” added Collins from the orbiting command ship. Then he added his compliments. “Tranquillity Base, you guys did a fantastic Job,” he said. “Just keep that orbiting base up there for us,” said Armstrong in the moon. See Some Ridges “We are in a relatively smooth plain with many craters five to 50 feet in size,” Armstrong said. “We see some ridges. Anc there are literally thousands of little one (Continued on Page 3, Col. 11 Í Today's Chuckle Minister’s prayer: May the members of my congregation be as free with mouey as they are with advice, and their minds as open as their mouths. Copyright, Gen. Fee. Cam

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