Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on August 7, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Wednesday, August 7, 1963
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4 Golesburg Register-Moil, Golesburg, 111. Wed,, Aug, 7, 1963 Gift Horse? EDITORIAL Comment and Review Towers of Babble? Any self-righteous Federal Communications Commission employe or official will deny ardently that the government has any intention of taking over the nation's broadcast media for propaganda purposes, or that it will dictate program content. Unhappily, there is growing evidence the other way. Newton Minow, when he headed the outfit, found TV a "vast wasteland," and reminded the stations that their service to the public would be examined when license renewal time came around. The result was a rash of "documentary" productions, some of which were great, and most of which succeeded in making some of the most exciting issues of our time seem deadly dull. FCC spokesmen professed to find this an improvement. The public, which was to be served, tuned out by the millions. Government pressure next was applied to get a one-sided airing for government views that farmers should vote for the Freeman wheat plan. Now the FCC has decided that broadcasters must devote time to the race issue which is racking America—a far more specific directive on what must be broadcast than the industry ever has had before. The FCC "guidelines" specify that broadcasters must provide air time for spokesmen for all "responsible groups," and then ducks any definition of a "responsible" group, except in a spokesmen's remark to the effect that those who are opposed to integration aren't to be considered responsible. This would seem to obligate stations to grant almost unlimited time to advocates of minority demands, and give the stations the option of refusing time to those who might have legal or emotional grounds, good or bad, for opposition. The ideal of free speech never before has hinged on the correctness or soundness of the views of the speaker. That is a mistake, and a serious one. But it is a mistake that was sure to be made once the government began taking a hand in programming. Radio and TV could soon reflect the personal tastes of the rule-makers in Washington, and antennas could soon become towers of babble with little interest for the listener or viewer. More dangerous, they could become brainwashing tools for whomever are the Washington "ins" of the moment, and make it difficult ever to dislodge them. Puerto Rico's Future The relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States is something like a mass of modeling clay. It is permanent and durable enough, but you can shape it any way you like. And it doesn't look exactly the same to all. Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. (D N.Y.), who has a wife and home in Puerto Rico, calls the relationship "perfumed colonialism." Powell is an advocate of statehood for the commonwealth; some say his long-range aspirations include a U.S. Seriate seat representing Puerto Rico. Gov. Munoz Marin has called the relationship "a new form of political freedom in harmony- with economic freedom. Gov. Munoz advocates continuation of commonwealth status—"now and forevermore"—but on a firmer basis. The chairman of a House Interior subcommittee working on a bill to authorize a Puerto Rican plebiscite, Rep. Leo W. O'Brien (D N.Y.), has said that he doubted whether anyone, himself included, could give a satisfactory definition of the commonwealth political structure. Peurto Ricans are U.S. citizens, but they do not vote in national elections and they do not have voting representation in Congress. They do not pay federal income taxes. They do, however, pay social security taxes and receive social security benefits. Short Haul AUSTIN, Tex. (UPD-Texas Parade magazine reports the smallest railroad reporting to the Interstate Commerce Commisison is a two-fifths of a mile line running from El Paso to the center of the international bridge between that border city and Juarez, Mexico. The El Paso Southern, owned by the Southern Pacific, operates to the point where the tracks meet those of the Chihuahua Pacific Railroad of Mexico. The line owns no rolling stock and rents locomotives. It does not operate on Sundays. Rats cause between $1 billion and $2 billion damage annually to orchards, field crops and other farm products in the United States. Excise taxes collected on goods manufactured in Puerto Rico and duties collected in Puerto Rican ports go to the Puerto Rican government. The federal government exercises much the same kind of authority that it does in the states. The commonwealth uses the federal postal and currency systems and looks to the U.S. Supreme Court for final decisions in legal controversies. The island receives grants and participates in federal housing, road building, school lunch, agricultural research and other programs. The commonwealth concept was largely the creation of Gov. Luis Munoz Marin. Now he proposes a plebiscite to determine whether the island will remain a commonwealth on a firmer basis, will become a state, or will be declared independent. Chairman Wayne N. Aspinall (D Colo.) of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs on April 30 introduced a bill which takes note of a resolution to that effect by the Puerto Rican legislature. But the Aspinall measure would establish a United States Puerto Rican Commission which would first draw up a compact of permanent union, along the lines of the commonwealth formula, which would be submitted to the Puerto Rican people in the plebiscite. This provision has aroused the ire of statehood advocates as "a commitment by Congress to the commonwealth status. The gimmick of the Aspinall bill is that it does not provide Congressional approval of statehood or independence should the people take either option. Statehood has growing support, but it would deprive Puerto Ricans of their tax advantages. Advocates say that "Operation Bootstrap" has about tapped out, but the government still claims one of the world's highest rates of industrial growth. Independence has almost no appeal for Puerto Ricans. The considerable majority appear to prefer permanent commonwealth status, but inasmuch as no U.S. Congress can bind a future Congress, the only real way to assure that would be by amendment of the U.S. Constitution. Coming a Maoist Communist International? By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN THERE IS a theory that the present rift between Khrushchev and China's Mao Tsc-tung is a phony, cooked up to delude the West. Since communist morality is capable of accommodating any sort of criminal ruse, this could turn out to be true. But t h e weight of the evidence ts against it. Surely, if Khrushchev and Mao were plotting together, the Russian Soviet government would not have withdrawn its atomic physicists from Peiping back in 1961, leaving Mao Tse-tting with only a primitive experimental nuclear reactor as the fruit of a short­ lived scientific collaboration. The Red Chinese supposedly have three other experimental reactors, built with the help of renegade Western physicists, but they had to send their uranium to Russia for processing. Russia has controlled Red Chinese access to any significant amount of fissionable stuff. The progress of the Red Chi­ nese in producing deliverable atomic bombs could be a tip-off to the actual state of cooperation between Moscow and Peiping. If ' a Red Chinese bomb comes along, and if Peiping is able to go on from there to make a "family" of bombs, complete with rocket propelling power, we can be relatively certain that the Russians are delivering both technical help and purified uranium or plutonium for use in Chinese reactors. Otherwise we can be at least reasonably sure that the rift between Khrushchev and Mao Tse-tung is real. THERE IS another tip-off, too, that may very well be in the works. To date, there have been four Communist Internationals. The First International was Marx's own, and it collapsed because it was premature. The Second, or Socialist, International had its heyday prior to World War I. The Third International was Lenin's, formed as a splinter group in Switzerland. This particular or­ ganization grew to fearsome proportions once it had a national power base in a Soviet Russia that reached all across the top of the Eurasian continent. As the "Comintern," it has officially been liquidated. Nevertheless, it still exists under various "fronts" and "covers" that are designed as eyewash for us innocent fools in the West. The Fourth International, of course, was Leon Trotsky's. Though Trotsky had his devoted followers all over the world, this organization never succeeded in taking on body and depth. Trotsky tried to direct it from a study desk in a fortified villa outside of Mexico City, where he had been granted asylum. There was a vast'coming and going of Trotskyite agents between New York City and the "old man's" hideout in Mexrco, but there was never much to show for it all beyond some brilliant theoretical journalism in precariously financed Trotskyite journals. The collapse of the Fourth International came in 1940, when a Stalinist agent, a Spaniard gdmg by the names of "Jacques Mornard" and "Frank Jacson" (a misspelling for "Jackson" that occurred on a fake passport), slipped into Trotsky's study and killed him with an alpine ice-axe. The Fourth International failed to take root because it never had a geographical power base. But the Fifth, or Maoist, Communist International, which will surely be forthcoming if the break between Moscow and Peiping is genuine, will have a nation with a population of 700,000,000 people behind it. And its presumptive leader, Mao Tse-tung, will be well protected against any "Jacques Mor- nards" or "Frank Jacsons" armed with ice picks. WHAT THE FIFTH International will have to sell is the so-called "Yenan Way" based on Mao's experience in eluding capture for years in northwest China. It will not use the "Aesopian" language of peace, with its "ban the bomb' 1 appeal to pacifists and groups of housewife defflonstfators. Instead, it will glorify open guerilla warfare throughout 'Southeast Asia, Africa and Latin America. It will live or. blood, not on Aesopian words. And it will make a good living for many a small arms gun runner. Watch foi th« organization of a Fifth International, with lines of influence and force going from Peiping to scores of outposts in tropical jungles. If it materializes, it will be a sure sign that Khrushchev and MaO are in competition for the allegiance of the "underdeveloped" regions of the world. It could portend a far more troublesome and dangerous period for the West than any it has ever known. To nip the development of a Fifth International in the bud, we should do all we can to win on our own "forward position" fronts in Vietnam, Laos and Korea. Copyright 1963 Law Is On the Trail of Congressman Powell By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON — "He can run but he can't hide." What Joe Louis once said about Billy Conn seems applicable to Adam Clayton Powell, dapper Congressman-minister from New York's Harlem. Process servers are stationed at Powell's favorite Gotham haunts waiting to slap him with a subpoena ordering his appearance in New York Criminal court Aug. 21. If Powell manages to evade them another subpoena will be issued. And another and another until he is nabbed. Once caught, Powell must show cause why he should not be prosecuted for fraud under Section 1170 of the New York Penal Code. THE STORY begins in 1960, when Powell took the House floor to charge New York cops with racism. The police, he cried, violated the civil rights of Negro criminals, cracking down on their illegal activities while white crooks who paid off New York's finest ran wild. Powell implicated a handful of Negroes in the "lily white" police scandal. One of those he mentioned wah Mrs. Esther Matilda James, a 66 - year - old widow, whom he called a graft collector for crooked cops. When Powell made the charge on New York television, without benefit of Congressional immunity, Mrs. James sued for libel and won a judgment of $211,500 in New York Supreme Court. Powell promptly disappeared and showed no interest in communicating with his constituent. Mrs. James then brought suit in State Supreme Court asking that Powell be thrown in jail until he made some effort to pay her off. THE CONGRESSMAN sent an affidavit to court insisting he could not be arrested on such a charge while Congress was in session. Supreme Court Justice Charles Marks agreed. Mrs. James' energetic attorney, Raymond Rubin, went on television a fortnight ago asking viewers to supply him with information on Mr. Powell's financial affairs. He told my associate, Bill Schulz, of subsequent events. An anonymous tipster revealed that Powell had an account in the Chase Manhattan Bank. A restraining order was served on the bank last week which effectively ties up Powell's account. The Congressman must leave a minimum balance of $423,000 in his account until the dispute with Mrs. James is settled. If he has less than that amount stashed away he can't touch a cent of it. On July 30, Attorney Rubin got Criminal Court to issue a summons for service on Powell, directing him to show cause in court Aug. 21 why he should not be prosecuted for fraud. Rubin discovered that Powell is receiving $1,000 from Esquire Magazine for an upcoming article and has directed the fee be paid to his wife. This, says Rubin, is a violation of Section 1170 of the Penal Code which covers attempts to defraud a creditor, namely Mrs. James. THE TITLE of Powell's article, incidentally, is "The Duties and Responsibilities of a Congressman to the United States." Waiting for Powell at Manhattan's plushest after-dark spots are Mrs. James' subpoena - servers. They have the aid of the New York police, as directed by Criminal Court, in finding their man. If Powell does not show up by Aug. 21, another subpoena will be issued. And another. Once Congress adjourns, a civil subpoena can be issued to force him to show reason why he should not be locked up until he pays. "Sooner or later, we're going to get him," says Attorney Rubin. "And when we do, my client will get her money." Copyright 1963 Goals Too High; Rights Petitioners Face Failure By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — The Aug. 28 March on Washington For Jobs and Freedom by 100,000 or more civil rights demonstrators may be doomed to failure before it starts. Leaders of the six national civil rights organizations sponsoring the march have set their objectives so high they cannot possibly be realized this year. Getting anything less than what the groups want may be considered a defeat, calling for more drastic action later. Initial goal of the march was the passage of President Kennedy's civil rights bill as a bare minimum for this year. Now, however, leaders of the six predominantly Negro organizations have issued a "March Organization Manual No. 1." In it they state their full program. It includes these demands: Passage of the President's program without filibuster. Immediate desegregation of all the nation's schools. A massive public works program to provide jobs for all the unemployed and federal laws to promote an expanding economy. A federal fair employment practices act to bar discrimination by government and private industry. A national minimum wage of $2 an hour. ALL THESE proposals have been made to Congress before in one form or another and have failed. Few, if any, congressmen would admit that these extreme measures could be passed this year. This is especially true in view of the lateness of the session and the competition with major legislation such as tax reduction, the railway labor resolution, nuclear test ban treaty ratification, the backlog of unpassed foreign aid and other appropriation bills for this year. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People called a civil rights legislative conference in Washington for Aug. 6-8, with a mass meeting the last day. This apparently will be a warm-up for the bigger march on Washington three weeks later. NAACP delegations would be sent to Capitol Hill to ask congressmen for support of the President's program. THE BIG SIX of the march on From Pj. s t. The raS1 £" r Present The But in these last days he has spoken to us by a Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. — Hebrews 1:2. * * * God be thanked for that good and perfect gift, the gift unspeakable; lbs life, His love, His very self in Jesus Christ. — Maltbie Babcock. ILLINOIS TAX FACTS: Tax Picture of States Varies By MAURICE W. SCOTT SPRINGFIELD — Tax collections of the state governments in fiscal 1962 averaged $112.86 per capita nationwide, but varied from less than $70 per capita in two states to over $200 per capita in Hawaii. Illinois ranked below the average, with $95.57 per capita. It should be fair to point out that such comparisons of state revenues do not present the whole picture of over-all tax burdens borne by the residents of the various states. Some of the variations among the states arise from differences in the division of the responsibility between state and local governments for performing and financing governmental functions. OF ALL THE TAX revenues obtained in 1962 by the states, 58' .o was derived from sales and gross receipts taxes. Today general sales taxes are levied by 37 states, and in 1962 they yielded $5,068,000,000, a 12.4% increase over the 1961 total. On a per capita basis, state revenues from general sales taxes rose by $3.07 —from $24.75 in 1961 to $27.82 in 1962. Of the 37 states in 1962 that levied a general sales tax, 29 relied on it for more than a fourth of their total tax revenues. Seven (Arizona, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Washington and West Virginia) obtained 40% or more of their tax revenues from this source. Tax rate increases and rising fuel consumption raised motor fuel taxes to a new record of $3,687,000,000 in 1962, an increase of 97% over the total of a decade ago. State gasoline tax rates ranged from 5c per gallon in some states to 8c in Alaska (rate in Illinois is 5c per gallon). RECEIPTS from a state income tax (individual and corporate) amounted to $4,035,812,000 in 1962. New York collected the largest amount ($1,288,000,000). Other states with high income tax collections in 1962 include California ($590,000,000), Massa chusetts ($211,000,000), Wisconsin ($198,000,000) and Minnesota ($158,000,000). Illinois docs not have an income tax, either personal or corporate. Washington also propose to take other direct action to influence Congress this year. "In the event of a filibuster before Aug. 28," says the last, little-noticed paragraph of Organization Manual No. 1, "march machinery will be used to send daily waves of approximately 1,000 people to Washington for the duration of the filibuster. The Almanac By United Press International Today is Wednesday, Aug. 7, the 219th day of 1963 with 146 to follow. The moon is approaching its last phase. The morning stars are Jupiter and Saturn. The evening stars are Mars and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1942, U. S. Marines landed at Guadalcanal to launch America's first offensive battle in World War II. In 1947, the raft Kon-Tiki landed on a reef in Tuamotu Archipelago after a 4,000 mile voyage from Peru. In 1954, England's Dr. Roger Bannister and Australia's John Landy each ran the "mile of a century" race in less than four minutes. A thought for the day — American writer Ambrose Bierce said: "Woman would be more charming if one could fall into her arms without falling into her hands." REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Thursday, Aug. 7. 1913 Men of East Main Street Congregational Church prepared a meal for the women of the congregation. Although unsanitary conditions in Galesburg caused criticism arising from the sudden occurring of a number of typhoid fever cases, Fred Giddings, city health officer, said that sanitary conditions were much better than usual for that period of time. TWENTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Aug. 7, 1943 Although a predicted heat wave had not yet reached the Galesburg area, temperatures were higher than those of the four previous days. Fluid, leaking from the hydraulic apparatus of the large 80-foot aerial truck at Central Fire Station, resulted in causing mechanic's of the force to be detailed to repair-work. "If the filibuster has not begun by Aug. 28, march participants will be asked to return to Washington at the time of the filibuster in waves of 2,000." These threatened actions go far beyond restrictions being put on the big march of 100,000 or more set for Aug. 28. The planning for this event emphasizes there is to be no interference with the operations or daily routine of Congress. WHILE STATE and Congres­ sional District delegations from the Aug. 28 marchers may be sent to the Senate and House to present petitions for the President's minimum program, the instructions are that, all marchers are to be off Capitol Hill before noon, when Congress normally convenes. Only a small delegation will ask to be received at the White House. All marchers are to be out of town before dark. (Jalesburg I^gister-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg. Illinois rELEPHONfc. NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-6161 Entered "s Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg Illinois, under \ct of Congress oi M^-rh 3. 1879 Daily except Sunday Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and General Manager M. H. fc,ddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative' Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York. Chicago, Detroit. Boston. Atlanta. San Francisco, Los Angeles Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMPER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS . MEMBER ASSOC:iA l'ED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City ot Galesburg 35c a Week By RFD mall In our retail trading zone: 1 Vear $10.00 3 Months $3.90 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.25 No mall subscription* accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier In retail trading zona outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by mdtor route In retail trading zone. 1 Vear $13.00 3 Months $3.7$ 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $1.25 By mall outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months $5.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month $2.00 Crossword Puzzzle State Flowers Answer to Previous Puzzle ACROSS 9 Sash 1 "Nutmeg State" J? depravity flower }J Spirit 7 Vermont flower 14 Adroit 21 7 l0 w aehraSSCe 16 beauty 23Fake rose 18 Fuegian Indian 19 Nothing 20 Finis 21 Male name 23 Step 27 Germ-free 32 Hey! B3 Having wings 34 In return 85 "Granite State" flower 36 Controlled 39 Thong 40 Foe 42 Confederates (ab.) 45 Past 46 Varnish. ingredient 49 Flower of Hawaii 52 Game 63 Charm 54 Sailor 56 Appellations 57 Gasoline type DOWN 1 Dodecanese island 2 Soon 3 Constellation 4 Scottish sailyard 5 For example (ab.) 6 Tilts 7 Hindu disciples 8 Household god 24 Roman robe 25 Wolfhound 26 Dorsal bones 28 Fold tvar.) 29 Hall (Sp.) 30 (ireenland Eskimos 31 Hyperbolic function 37 Makes into law 38 Rodent 41 Rapid (music) 42 Small talk 43 Dodecanese island 44 Touch on 46 Tibetan priest 47 Galway Bay island 48 Strobile 50 Sick 51 Bishopric 52 Unctuous 55 Out of (prefix) I 113" ft b k 5 [15 fir 23 24 25 26 32 34 36 8 [12 1ST 55 |33 35 39 EST" 147 NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN,

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