Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on August 5, 1963 · Page 4
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August 5, 1963

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Monday, August 5, 1963
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6alesbura Register-Moil, Golesbur The General Lends a Hand EDITORIAL Comment and Review Mobile Presidents In the months ahead President Kennedy's the technical fact that the White House in conduct of his office quite naturally will come practical effect moves with the president under severe and unrelenting Republican gun- wherever he goes. fire. After all, the GOP wants the office, and T | le point is that the presidency is in con- you don't get it by arguing that it is already siderable part a display office. Leadership well filled. of this great nation in 1963 and beyond is not ht learn a few accomplished by chaining oneself to the White hard lessons from the Democrats' tactics in House desk as a virtual prisoner, pursuing the office four years ago. mi Leadership consists in part of moving It does not seem wise to try to define too about( of bcfag ^ of talk[ng fo peopIe a{ sharply what the operations of the presidency home and abroadf of seeing thjngs first hand should be. Kennedy attempted this when he rathef than simply reading reporfs Qr Jisten- was on the outside watching Dwight D. Eisen- jng tQ emissaries , hower conduct the office. And Kennedy has „. „ Tl , L TT . L% . . . . • , . e ... The White House in this age is a crucial wound up doing many of the very same things & » t • , core of national and free world life. But it is Eisenhower did. For example, Kennedy the campaigner was highly critical of Eisenhower for his "traveling diplomacy." Visits to India, Eu- not an island on which a president must maroon himself. Today the great currents flow easily and ro^ Mrel ^wher^were assailed as essential- swiftl y around the g lobe - The leaders of a11 ly useless exercises. But Kenndey himself has § reat nations recognize this by hopping about just completed such a trip. constantly to meet their counterparts in other Eiseriiow'er "often was attacked for not lands ; to stud y world Problems, to get the feel staying in Washington more. The charge was, of things * of course, that when he was out of town he Ave we to suggest seriously that in such was neglecting his job. Comparative figures an era the President of the United States, the indicate that Kennedy is gone from the White most powerful single executive on earth, should be the one leader to hold himself rigidly within four walls? When Kennedy gained that power, he for- they win the office in 1964, the chances are got his criticisms of Eisenhower and chose to House at least as much as Eisenhower. A good many Republicans already have taken UD similar assaults on Kennedy, If 'helming move about just as the general had done. same crow Kennedy ate when he got the job. Whoever follows Kennedy most likely will do What is involved here is more than just the same. Decade of H-Bomb Rivalry The agreement to ban atomic tests, if rati- an American hydrogen-bomb test as early as fied, will mark the end of a decade of hydro- 195L gen bomb rivalry. Having destroyed the atomic monopoly of the Unft* Stated in Sep-* an,0fwnt °f b f ckin 8 a » d P"* d |J not ff P lode its first hydrogen bomb until May 15, 1957. tember 1949, the Soviet Union announced to a FrMce js rcpor(ed {Q fae ]c ^ t [hvce yearg dubious world on Aug. 8, .1953 that it had away {rom completing work on an H-bomb, Great Britain, as the result of a certain achieved the hydrogen bomb. but President Kennedy obviously meant The word came at the end of a long France on Jul y 2fi whcn he s P okc of thc " four speech by Georgi M. Malenkov, then Soviet cUrrent nuclear powers." Several other na- Premier, to the Supreme Soviet, Russia's parliament. He spoke of the "solace" the United tions are believed nearly capable of setting off an atomic explosion, but they would still States-"the tons-Atlantic enemies of peace" |> e * everal y ears awa y from a hydrogen had enjoyed in a monopoly of a still more - powerful weapon than the atom bomb, the hydrogen bomb. This was no longer true, he bomb. Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (D Minn.), chairman of a Senate disarmament subcom- Balance of Payments By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA)-AU the pieces in the papers about the deficit in the U.S. balance of payments and the declining U.S. stocks of gold have a bad psychological effect on most American citizens, even though many of them haven't much notion what it's all about. This is a pretty sophisticated subject. A short time ago it was said that the only man in the world who really understood international payments was Per Jacobson of Sweden, managing director of International Monetary Fund. He died in May, Bankfers, economists, government fiscal experts and some congressmen discuss balance of payments very emotionally. Even so, their language is almost com­ pletely unintelligible to laymen. BACK ONE of these authorities into a corner and ask him for a simple explanation. You'll get something like this: "The balance of payments is .an international accounting in summary form for all U.S. international financial transactions. "It includes exports and imports of goods and services, foreign loans and investments, foreign aid, the cost of keeping American military forces overseas, their spending and tourist spending abroad, dividend, interest and loan repayments and the movements of gold to balance international accounts," An average citizen may then ask, "What has all this got to do with me?" One solid answer is that it affects U.S. jobs and taxes, due to its influence on the value and purchasing power of the dollar. It can influence your mortgage interest rates or time payments on a new car. THIS LAST is an intricate daisy chain, but it can be followed. On the day President Kennedy sent his long message to Congress with recommendations to improve the U.S. balance of payments position, the Federal Reserve Board raised the interest rate on its loans to banks from 3 to 3.5 per cent. It also authorized U.S. banks to raise to 4 per cent the interest rates they charged on short term loans—from 90 days to a year. The aims were to attract foreign money to the United States and to encourage U.S. corporations and others with surplus funds for investment to keep this money in this country. Ave rage This action was not intended to affect long-term interest rates on mortgages or corporate and municipal bonds. There is no agreement among all government or private industry economists, however, that long-term interest rates will not be pushed up by the authorized increases in short- term rates. One overriding concern is that if a federal tax cut doesn't come soon to release new funds for saving and investment, a tight money supply might develop. Higher interest rates would result and might slow up new business investment. This would hold back economic growth and employment—a prime Kennedy objective. WE COME to the interest which consumers must pay on their homes and autos. The rates now average between 6 and 1 per cent. 1ft a tight money market though, when interest rates are going up, the terms may be changed to make up the difference. Down payment requirements could be increased. Auto loans could be cut from 30 to 30 or even 24 months. Mortgages might be granted for only 25 years instead of 30, The re* suit is larger monthly payments, which hit consumers hard. The alternative" to the complicated balance of payments adjustments could be even worse. Say the United States doesn't raise its short-term interest rates. Then foreign depositors could demand payment in gold —which U.S, depositors can't do —and the drain on U.S. gold stocks could continue. Then confidence in the dollar at home and abroad may be further impaired. Ha rdness wa rd Red Ch inn Rec mmended By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN WE LIVE IN the age of paradox. Working overtime to create an image for itself as the party of peace, the Kennedy administration has finally managed to get Khrushchev to agree to a limited nuclear test ban. The proposed treaty is eminently desirable from a public health standpoint (strontium 90 from fall-out affects the bones of friends and enemies alike), but whether it will ever do very much to enable President Kennedy to go to the voters as a peacemaker is exceedingly doubtful. The truth is that the world situation brings to mind the picture of a semi-inflated balloon. Our peacemakers poke the balloon at one point, in Moscow, and, surprisingly, it gives way. But at the other end, in Peiping, the balloon swells and becomes hard. Obviously angered by his inability to carry Khrushchev with him in offering a round-the-world warlike front to the capitalistic West, Mao Tse-tung makes menacing moves in Indochina, in Tibet along the Indian border, and in the demilitarized zone between North and South Korea. As this column is being written, m Mao's probing moves are on the small-scale side. Three American soldiers have been killed by ambush in Korea, provoking a retaliation in kind, The loss of his son, Corporal George Larion Jr., to a North Korean sniper's bullet caused a Davison, Mich,, father to say some bitter words about the way the U. S. chooses to fight the Cold War. "I don't think we are doing enough," he said. "It can be stopped and if it has to be stopped by force let's get it over with. This year-after- year stuff is not my way of thinking." THIS IS one man's reaction under stress of sorrow and anger. But it could easily become the mood of the whole country if Mao Tse-tung, prodding us from the Far East, frustrates. the hopes of many who have placed their bets on a possible relaxation of international tensions by way mental impatience with our slow- motion Cold War policy that caused the Michigan father to flare up. The administration has never of cessation of nuclear explosions, asked this column's advice, but Unless Mao Tse-tung subsides, the Kennedy administration, looking to Moscow for peace, will have to execute a right-about-face that could bring it hard up against the realities of war in Asia. This is one possibility in our age of paradox. But far from losing his soul in the eyes of the American people if he should be forced to accept a bellicose role, John F. Kennedy might save himself. (The President is at his best when he gets angry, as he did recently at the Berlin Wall.) There are many more Americans than a single bereaved Michigan father who are heartily sick of "this year-to-year stuff." Indeed, the hunger for nuclear test ban derives from the same funda- we are willing to bet that Kennedy's popularity rating would jump 10 percentage points if he would let go at Mao Tse-tung with a verbal block-buster accompanied by certain concerted moves on the diplomatic front. The first indicated move is obvious. The Taiwan Chinese have been making tentative preparations for a possible invasion of the mainland. But the bottleneck in these preparations has been the provision of landing craft Unable to buy them in any significant quantity in the U. S., the Taiwan invasion planners were, at last reports, turning to Japanese shipyards as a possible source of supply. Well, why doesn't Kennedy tell Chiang Kai-shek that he can have all the landing craft he wants, and pronto? If the U. S. would only co-ordinate its moves on three fronts, in Korea. Taiwan and in the Vietnam-Laos area, it would confront Mao with a put-up- or-shut-up situation. AND WHAT if Mao did not choose to shut up? Let me quote from that most understanding writer on Far Eastern affairs, Valentin Chu, whose book, "Ta Ta, Tan Tan," seems to be selling without any official blessing from Owen Lattimore. Before the recent collapse of the Sino-Soviet talks in Moscow, Mr. Chu wrote: "It is improbable but not inconceivable that Mao may defy Khrushchev to the bitter end by throwing his human and natural resources into a Quixotic siege — thus promptly bringing about the bitter end. Any of these developments could cause the Mao Dynasty to topple as suddenly as the monolithic Chin Dynasty 21 centuries ago." Copyright 1963 Dems Win in Penn Only by Immense Effort By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - It cost Pennsylvania Democrats an estimated $250,000 to keep intact a winning streak dating back nearly thirty years. That is the price tag which experts put on Fred Rooney's successful campaign for the House of Representatives. A Republican has not won election from Pennsylvania's 15th District since 1930. Rooney's victory last week is not one to cheer Democratic analysts. Despite a registration edge of 30,000 Democratic voters, Rooney staggered home by only 8,000, the smallest victory margin received by any Democratic candidate in three decades. Republican Bob Bartlett, making his first race for public office, was handicapped by hostile voter reaction to the recent sales tax hike approved by the GOP Legislature and signed into law by Gov. Scranton. CANDIDATE Rooney, running for federal office, made the state sales tax (the nation's highest) a central issue. It worked. Rooney's election was guaranteed by scores of high-paid labor "strategists" who poured into his district from points east and west. COPE (Committee on Political Education) agents traveled from as far away as California to aid Rooney. On election day there were as many as 40 paid unionists in each precinct getting out the vote, even registering voters. Democrats were able to register voters until 12 noon on election day. * CALIFORNIA VOTERS will witness a real Donnybrook in next Spring's Republican Presidential primary if two old enemies have their way. Former Senator William Know- THE MAILBOX Tel Club Get License' Editor, Register-Mail: It seems to me that if anyone was in a position to build a $1,000,000 motel and its success depended only on being able to serve liquor, then it had better not be built. Possibly the present owners of the Galesburg Club should Apply for a liquor license. That would put them right on top in the financial world. It seems to mo like a disgrace when the Chamber of Commerce of a city the size of Galesburg must go on record as being in favor of a business being granted a liquor license when the serving of liquor is not supposed to be the primary operation of that business. I lived in Galesburg during prohibition and I will debate the conditions then against what they are today with anyone any time. I believe, as long as the selling of liquor is legal, and a man wants in that business, that is one thing; but to" use the evils of that for the success of another business is un-Chrislian .... I for one sincerely believe Mayor Cnbeen should refuse a liquor license under these conditions. And , , . this in spite of the friendliness I feel for Mr. Paul Peck, promoter of the motel. Laurence Galyean, Gilson, III. land, Mr. Conservative to his many followers, has long been on the outs with Sen. Thomas .Kuchel, voice of GOP liberalism. Both agree on one thing, however. Golden State Republicans must have an opportunity to select their favorite for the GOP Presidential nomination. Other GOP leaders, including state Chairman Caspar Weinberger, think that a real primary would wreck the party. The California primary, coming as it does only weeks before the GOP convention, will have tremendous impact on delegates from every corner of the country. BOTH Knowland and Kuchel advocate an open, definitive primary battle between the leading GOP candidates. They mean Barry Goldwater and Nelson Rockefeller. Goklwater Republicans have been fearful of their man's chance in the California primary. California voters have long supported liberal Republicans — Earl Warren, Goodie Knight, Tom Kuchel. They accepted Richard Nixon over the more conservative Joe Shell in last year's GOP Gubernatorial primary by 2-1. Polls now show Goldwater running far ahead of Rockefeller, however. The California Field poll, long accepted as an accurate barometer of state politics, has Goldwater running almost 2-1 over Rocky. Goldwater is the choice of 43 per cent of GOP voters contacted by Field. Rockefeller rates only 23 per cent. Michigan's Gov. George Romney racks up 16 per cent and Pennsylvania's Gov. Bill Scranton 2 per cent. Sixteen per cent of the voters have yet to make up their minds. FIELD SHOWS that anti-Rockefeller feeling is strong. While a majority accept Goldwater as a second choice, the reverse is, not true. Just three Republicans out of ten who support Goldwater as their first choice select Rocky as their second. Romney has more second-choice support among Goldwater followers than does Rockefeller. Copyright 1963 Qalesburg lfegfster-Mafl Quotes From Today's News (Reg. U.S. Pat*Off.) By United Press International WASHINGTON - W. AvercII Harriman, who was U.S. negotiator in nuclear test ban treaty talks, commenting on t h e split be '^n ''• -•-',') nnd Ch'mn: "Both of them want to bury us, but they want to bury us in a different way." Office 140 Soutb Prairie Street. Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Man Exchange 342-6161 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of Mprrh 3. 1879. Daily except Sunday, Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and General Manager M. H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor N ationaJ Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit. Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte, • MEMREK AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS ^ MEMBEJtt ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of ail the local news printed In'this newspaper as will as all AP news dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week. 3y RFD mail in our retail trading zone 1 Year $10.00 8 Months $3.50 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.25 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier in retail trading tone outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30o By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months $3.7i $ 7.00 1 Month $1.25 Months By mall outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 year $18.00 6 Months S fi.50 9* 3 Months $5.00 1 Month $2.00 Crossword Puzzzle Answer to Previous Puzxle REMINISCING of Bygone Times Monday, Aug. 4, 1913 went on: "The government deems it neces- mittee - saic1 earl y in 1962 that Communist sary to report to the Supreme Soviet that tiie cllina mi 8 ht ex P lo de an atomic device "any U.S. has no monopoly in the production of the time within this y ear " Under Secretary of A spark from a passin g sw j tc h hydrogen bomb either. . .Convincing facts are state w - Averell Harriman brought back from cngine was believed responsible shattering the wagging of tongues about the Moscow a more optimistic point of view. On fm . havjng started a fil . e at Wen . weakness of the Soviet Union." FIFTY YEARS AGO Tuesday, Aug. 5, 1913 Mrs. Lueretia Ferris 57, one of the early pioneers to come to Knox County, died at the home of her son, James Ferris, 524 N. LONDON - Julie Gulliver, last girlfriend of Dr. Stephen Ward, telling of plans to reveal surprising information on (he case: "I'm going to make sure that some people who could have helped Stephen aren't goinj to walk around with grins on their faces." Amer and British scientists were July 29 he told reporters that Soviet Premier zdmann Manufacturing Co. Dam- Wesl St Khrushchev was -not overly concerned" estimated at $200. CINCINNATI, Ohio A bath- skeptical. It was pointed out that evidence of a Russian H-bomb explosion would inevit- about lied China's nuclear capabilities in the foreseeable future. Harriman added that since \%Q the Soviet Union had discontinued The laying of brick pavement gan ably be carried through the atmosphere to the a „ led]njcal assistance to lhe chinese nuclear on Main Street in Galesburg be U.S. detection devices that had recorded three development program . Russian atomic blasts between 1949 and 1951. A sjm]|ar yiew is expressed by The ximes The doubt was short-lived. The Soviet of London in analyzing a statement by Kuo government on Aug. 20 announced that it had Mo-jo, chairman of the China Peace Commit- tested a hydrogen bomb within the past few tee, that the present attempt of a small num- days. The announcement was confirmed by ber oi countries to control the destiny of the the U .S. Atomic Energy Commission. The world by means of monopolizing nuclear AEC said that on Aug. 12 it had dete'.ted an weapons would be smashed in the not too dis- explosion in the Soviet Union that involved tant future. The newspaper argues that in both fission (uranium^plutonium) and thermo- the light of China's revised priorities and (he nuclear (hydrogen) reactions similar to those costs of a crash nuclear program, Kuo's in U .S. tests oi H-bombs. The AEC announce- vague phrase, "the not too distant future," meat, wcidtmally, disclosed for the first time was "bylfo means casual.' 1 Rev. Theodore Peterson, pastor of Emmanuel Methodist Episcopal Church in Galesburg, was extended a call from a Swedish Methodist Church of Los Angeles, Calif. ing suit-clad bridesmaid, assisting in the world's first wedding on water skis: *'At least we don't have to worry about sweltering in a church." TWENTY YEARS AGO {JJ Preienl Wednesday, Aug. 4, 1943 Two types of machines which were to be used in the processing of hemp crops in the Galesburg area arrived. Thursday, Aug. 5, 1943 Dr. Raye Ragan, pastor of First Methodist Church, delivered a talk to Rotary Club. Carolyn Hammond of 523 N. Academy St., was commissioned third officer in the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps at Des Moines, Iowa. * William S. (Bill) Lewis was named commander of the Ralph M. Noble Post, American Legion, in Galesburg. And this is the confidence which we have in him, that if we ask anything according to his wil) he hears us.—I John 5:14. * * * If I am right, Thy grace impart, Still in the right to stay; If I am wrong, O teach my heart To find that better way —Alexander Pope. i V ACROSS 1 Sunken ditches 6 Short cut 12 Apology 13 Actually 14 Ability 16 Flag 17 Knack 18 Hawk 20 Stain 21 Court sessions 24 601 (Roman) 26 Endangered 30 Erects 32 Sioux Indian 33 Moslem scholars 35 Toil 36 Defensible 38 Negative prefix 39 Approaching 42 Wreath 45 Feminine name 46 Haul 49 Akin 52 Dry gully 54 More inquisitive 65 Anxious 56 One lost 57 Turf DOWN 1 Jap general 2 Winged 3 Sword handle 4 Male nickname 5 Depression 6 Hurried (slang) ' 7 Longing (slang) 8 Short-napped fabric 9 Fetid 10Boys nickname (var.) 11 Force unit 15 Poetic contraction 19 Upset 21 Aviator 22 Epochal 23 Chinese province 24 Remove 25 Norman city 27 Wolf 28 English school 29 Indian timber tree 30 Wheel track 31 Understand 34 Drudgery 37 Before 40 Man's name 41 Nostrils 42 Dirt road 43 Selves 44 Present month (ab.) 47 Legal term 48 Brief remark 50 Atmosphere 51 Beverage 46 Roman garment 53 Unrefined 11 2 5 4 11 2 7 8 9 10 • IT mw&Afm EWEBPB1SE ASSN.

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