The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 30, 1954 · Page 1
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March 30, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, March 30, 1954
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VOL. L—NO. 8 IF. Blythevilto Courier Mississippi VtUev Blytheville Daily New. SyiheviSJ THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI NEWS BLYTHEVILLE. ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MARCH 30, 1954 Ike May Get Tax Bill Today House-Senate Conferees Reach Quick Compromise By CHARLES F. BARRETT . WASHINGTON (AP) — Congress was likely to send President Eisenhower late today a compromise foil to cut more than 20 excise taxes an estimated 999 million dollars a year, effective Thursday. "™ * Congressional leaders confidently ^^ • predicted the President would Democrats Placed In Odd Posit ion promptly sign the measure, ham- Seek to Rescue Ike's Housing Plan from GOP mered into final form by a Senate- House conference committee late yesterday. While Eisenhower opposed the cuts, he could not veto the bill without risking the loss o fgreater TTrAotTTxiyrr/vvT /AT> TT -I excise revenue also provided in it. WASHINGTON (AP—House Congressional GOP leaders fore- DemocratS found themselves saw a shot in the arm for the na- Late Bulletin— WASHINGTON (ff)—The House today overwhelmingly passed a compromise bill cutting more than 20 excise taxes an estimated 999 million dollars a year, effective Thursday. TEN PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Eisenh ress BRITISH TROOPSHIP BURNS OFF ALGIERS — Smoke billows from the blazing British troopship Empire Windrush off the Algerian coast in the Mediterranean Sea. More than 1,500 men, women and children were saved after a boiler-room explosion ripped the vessel apart. Four engine room crewmen were killed. The ship was left adrift — still burning — in the Mediterranean, a total loss. (AP Wirephoto) Second Hydrogen Bomb Blast Is Announced By FRED S. HOFFMAN WASHINGTON (AP) —"The United States has triggered its second hydrogen blast in less than a month — even as waves of reaction from the epic March 1 explosion still were rolling through Congress and foreign capitals. today in the odd position of trying to rescue President Eisenhower's public housing program, virtually scuttled by two committees dominated by members of Eisenhower's own Party. The battle was to be joined when the House considered for amendments a $5,566,118,763 appropriation bill to finance for the coming fiscal year the Public Housing Administration, the Atomic Energy Commission and more than a dozen other agencies. Overshadowing the money allotments in the bill is a housing provision written in by the House Appropriations Committee... and almost certain to be knocked out on a technicality. This provision would limit to 20,000* the number of low-rent public .-.housing/units to be started in the beginning July 1, with 15,000 -more "the following year. This program then would end. The 35,000 units were allowed only because the government already has contracted for them. Thus, the Appropriations Committee flew in the face of Eisenhower's request of last January for authorization of 140,000 new units in the next four years. Limited Action Refused But the House Rules Committee, composed of eight Republicans and four Democrats, went even further. It refused yesterday to sanction the limited housing action of the Appropriations Committee. The Rules Committee passes on all major legislation before it goes to the House. In this case, it held the Appropriations Committee had ovstepped its authority by writing legislation into a money bill. The upshot is thai an objection by a single House member may knock out the authority for even 20,000 new starts next year. If this happens, Chairman Taber (R-NY) of the Appropriations Committee told newsmen, "Thehous- in g program will be dead . . ." Not e-ven contracts already made, Taber claimed, could be carried out. Some Democrats dis- See DEMOCRAT on Page 2 tional economy, currently undergoing a dip, from tax cuts on stoves, refrigerators and other household appliances, movie and other admissions, furs, jewelry, handbags and luggage, cosmetics, sporting goods, passenger fares, telephone bills, telegraph charges, mechanical pens and pencils, cameras and film, lighters and electric light bulbs. More Buying Expected Economists expect consumer buying to be stimulated when price cuts show up on many of these items in stores Thursday, accompanying the tax reductions, or shortly thereafter. One fairly gen- eral'exception to the probable lowered prices may be movie tickets. the bill would also extend for one year, to April 1. .1955, present excise taxes on cigarettes, automobiles, gasoline, trucks, liquor, beer and wine. Under the old law these taxes would have dropped by $1.077,000,000 a year starting Thursday. Eisenhower had urged extending these rates, and, had,jcounted this See IKE on Page 2 Seven Die In Flaming B36 Crash Early Action Sought On Economy Aids By JACK BELL (AP) — Senate Republican leaders moved with President Eisenhower's apparent backing today to push into the foreground of the congressional program measures aimed at bolstering the nation's economy Sen. Ferguson (R(-Mich) invited key committee chairmen to a meeting of the Senate Republican Policy Committee at which he said he Fulbright Backs Commonwealth No Developments In Hoyti Burglary HAYTI — Police without much of a officers were lead today in regard to the robbery of a jswelry store here Sunday night. Hayti Marshal R. W. Brooks said this morning "there isn't much to go on. but we're still working." Sunday nisht. an estimated $3.500 was taken from the Paul Philliber jewelry store here Entrance to the store was gained by the back door, a panel from which was removed. The burglars took only merchandise, leaving the store safe untouched. The store had been closed since around Christmas when Mr. Philliber was hospitalized. Mr. Brook; said. Mr. Philliber is a brother of Dr Edna Nies of Blytheville. SPOKANE. Wash. (>)-rSeven of the 10 men aboard were killed yesterday in the flaming crash of a B36 bomber that fell seconds after takeoff and burst into flames. The plane hit the ground hard just" off the runway at Fairchild Air Force Base, skidded through a small construction shed and quickly burned amid towers of dense smoke visible for miles. The three survivors crawled, stumbled or were thrown to safety. A witness said it was "unbelievable" that anyone could have escaped. The extent of their injuries couldn't be determined immediately nor could they say exactly how they got out alive. The cause of the crash was a mystery. The survivors were Capt. Walter M. Koller, the aircraft commander; Maj. Virgil L. Westling, the pilot; and 1st Lt. Leroy B. Ross, the engineer. All have their homes here. The five-million-dollar bomber with six piston and four jet en- Sines was taking off just at sunset on a routine training mission. Seconds after it left the ground, it veered to the right and crashed. It .skidded several hundred feet, went through the shed and came to rest.in flames next to a fence near the flight line. Senator Would Adopt System For Hawaii, Alaska WASHINGTON to — sen. Fulbright (D-Ark) told the Senate yes- Weather ARKANSAS—Cloudy, much colder today and south tonight; lowest 26-36 north and 36-42 south tonight, Wednesday ocasional rain and widely scattered thundershowers not quite so cold in afternoon. MISSOURI—Cloudy and continued cold this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday; occasional freezing drizzle or very light snow south and west. Maximum yesterday—75 Minimum thi« morning— M. Sunset today—6:20. Sunrise tomorrow—S :49. Mean temperature (mldwif between high and low—55. Precipitation Iwt 24 houn to 7:00 a.m. today—none. Precipitation j» n . 1 to dat*-i3.37. Ills Date Late Ytar Maximum yftiterday—71. Minimum yesterday—Si PrecipiUMon January J t* dau- i li.74. BHA Maintenance Building Planned Bids on construction of a maintenance building at Chickasaw Courts housing project on South Division Street will be taken by the Blytheville Housing Authority until 2 p.m. April 14. The 25 by 40-foot building, which is expected to cost less than $6,000, will be of brick and concrete construction and will provide a workshop and storage for maintenance work and equipment. terday that a proposal to give commonwealth status to Hawaii and Alaska is not an alternative to statehood but its approval would be a step toward statehood and complete independence for the two territories. He spoke in support of the amendment to sidetrack the statehood proposal as opponents and predicted that the whole Issue may be settled in the Senate by Wednesday. The House has voted statehood only for Hawaii. Fulbright said the relationship of Great Britain to its self governing dominions is 'much more satisfactory' than the experience of the French in its attempts to integrate its colonies. Exempt from Taxes Under the commonwealth status, proposed in an amendment offered by Fulbright, and Democratic Sens. Smathers of Florida, Daniel of Texas, and Monroney of Oklahoma, residents of the two territories would elect their own officials and conduct their own government. They would not have voting representation in Congress. In lieu of this, however, the proposed amendment declares it to be the intent of Congress that they shall be exempt from federal taxation. Staunch backers of statehood have expressed vigorous opposition to the commonwealth proposal. Fulbright said he was not contending that Alaska end Hawaii should never be states. The experience of self-government under commonwealth status, he said, would give an opportunity for development. If it proves effective," he said "...I'm sure they could come back here and have a far greater follow- will urge early action on major economic proposals made by Eisenhower. Ferguson, who heads the policy group, listed these in an interview as including the Housc-PDpro^sd tax re" 1 -'"on bill and me*, e- i'or housing authorization, social security expansion,, hospital construction; highway 'building, rehabilitation of the handfcapped and -revision of public assistance and chfld welfare. Priority Planned The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) disclosed the latest test detonation in a bare announcement last night. It said "the second test of the present thermonuclear series was successfully carried out on Friday, March 26." AEC gave no hint of the intensity of this latest blast, touched off in super-secrecy at the government's testing ground in the mid-Pacific Marshall Islands. The AEC did not indicate whether an actual H-bomb was exploded last Friday, or whether the test involved another thermonuclear "device" like the first one set off in the Marshalls in late 1952. Greater Blast Expected The hydrogen .tests are contin uing and another, perhaps greate blast is anticipated in late April. AEC said last night that "infor mation highly important to nation al defense is being- derived from this test series." Until now, the President has de clined to discuss in detail the March 1 explosion until he had hac a briefing from Chairman Lewis L. Strauss of the AEC. Strauss returned Sunday from the Pacific proving grounds. The most Eisenhower would say at h}s news conference last Wednesday was that the effects of the March 1 explosion were sur- prising even to the Americans who conducted the tests. However, the American people will get some idea of the meaning of a hydrogen explosion in about a week. The government is releasing a censored picturization of the pio- See ATOMIC on Page 2 Rid Cross Drive Tops $10,000 North Missco Fund Two-Thirds dentT^ program enacted," th* Michigan senator said. "Of course, as other measures of general nature come along, they will be sandwiched in." In the latter category, he said emphasis will be laid on passage of a farm bill, revision of the Taft- Hartley Act, approval of a foreign trade measure and action on the regular government money bills. Eisenhower prepared for delivery to Congress today a message spelling out his foreign economic •ecommendations. Although Ferguson would not comment, it was learned elsewhere hat he and Sen. Knowland of Cal- fornia, the GOP floor leader, had -flecked lists with Eisenhower and had his approval for the push behind the economic measures. Ferguson said he .looks for no business recession of serious proportions but added that the economic measures should help along in the transfer from a Korean War to a peace economy. He said he thinks final approval of a bill to reduce many excise taxes—which may come tomorrow —will serve as an immediate stimulant to business. Largest Reduction Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey, who opposed the billion dollar cut Congress made in this instance, said last night Republicans could take credit for "the greatest tax reduction in history." He estimated the 1954 total at seven billions. But the secretary said on an MBS radio program he doesn't believe any additional reductions will be in order, even if business does not pick up as he now expects it to do. He said the public has been "a little misled in talk about how much business has to pick up," adding that employment in January and February of this year was higher than in any other year except 1953. Ruling out emergency tax measures, Humphrey said he thinks the things the Republican administration is doing now "are sufficient and will do what is required" to keep the economy at a high level. V. The Red Cross fund campaign to raise $15.000 in North Mississippi County was two-thirds of the way toward its goal today. Drive officials reported that contributions to date total $10.020.12. The latest list of contributors follows: ADVANCE GIFTS $25—Noble Gill Pontiac, Hart's Bakery. RESIDENTIAL $10—Mr and Mrs. Hugh Whitsitt. $5—Mrs- Jim Smart, Billy W. Mc- Fariand, W. B. Nicholson, W. D. Tommy, Miss Virginia Swearengen, Russell Moseley, Mrs. Wilson Henry. $3—Miss Monta Hughes, Miss Janet Nelson, Miss Effie Lee Ten-ell, Mrs. Walter Day, Mr .and Mrs. Paul, Jobe, Anonymous. $2.50—Mrs. Reba V. Cross. $2—Mrs. Herma Shepherd, Mrs. Maragret M. Bell, Miss Avis Howard, Miss Evelyn Blythe, Miss Melba Pryor, Mrs. T. R. Ivy, Mrs. Mary Emma Reed. Miss Lillian Shaver, Mrs. Elizabeth McCool, Miss Barbara Taylor, S. Paul Price, Thurman Rowlett,- Robert A. Lipscomb, Miss See RED CROSS on Pa^e 3 DullesUrgesUnited Action in S.E. Asia NEW YORK (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles — speaking with the advance approval of President Eisenhower —' last night urged "united action" by the free nations to prevent Communist domination of Indochina and all Southeast k President Seeks to Cut Import Duties By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower asked Congress today for broader power to cut tariffs as the heart of a "bold" program he said would bolster the security and economic growth of America and her afiic*?. * messa *e dealing the politically explosive issue of import duties and laying down the foreign economic policy of his administration, Eisenhower also- 1. Called for cutting down aid to other countries, and an end to out- nght grants of economic aid as soon as possible. 2. Gave assurances that increased trade in peaceful goods between the West and Iron Curtain countries "should not cause us undue concern." 3. Asked that Congress ease up on "buy American" laws which Asia. Communist domination in that area of the world "would be a ' grave threat to the whole free i community," Dulles said in a major foreign policy declaration. "The United States feels that that possibility should not be passively accepted, but should be met by united action," he said. "This might have serious risks. But these risks are far less than would face us a few years from now, if we dare not be resolute tofay. "Sometimes it is necessary to .ake risks to win peace t as in war it »'necessary to take risk to win i^Gtory^.T^^f^^Rj.^%peace .are tential aggressor, know in advance #here his aggression could lead him." '• • 1 • . Statement Cleared Dulles* declaration of the Communist threat in the Far East was delivered in art address before the Overseas Press Club at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. It was learned in Washington hat his call for "united action" lad been specifically cleared with isenhower at a weekend White House conference. Dulles made clear that he meant ction by the United States and ts allies, in contrast to previous seeches in which he spoke of pos- ible United States retaliation. He did not spell out specific united action' 'measures. A State 'epartment aide said any moves ould be discussed in detail with '. S. allies. The secretary was interrupted Revised Support Plan for Dairy Products Aired Proposal Aimed At Soffening Benson Order By EDWIN B, RAAKINSON WASHINGTON (/PI—A new gov- 2 times by applause as he spoke to 000 persons at the dinner. The speech was broadcast nation- lly by radio and television, and y the Voice of America abroad. See DULLES on Page 2 dairy products—apparently aimed at softening the reduction ordered by Secretary of Agriculture Benson—was unveiled today by Senators Aiken (R-Vt) and Anderson (D-NM). Aiken Is chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee and Anderson is a former secretary of agriculture. In an interview, Aiken said they had not cleared their proposals With Benson or the administration, but would introduce them today in the Senate. Aiken conceded that the proposals if adopted should counter much of the criticism that has arisen in Where In Blytheville Is This? Looks like an easy one, doesn't it? It's obviously a sign along Highway 18. But where? There are numerous route markers along Highway 18 in Blytheville, but this is the only one of such shape and design. And it's located at a busy point in the city . . . You'll find the answer on Page 2. Polio Vaccine Must Now Pass Acid Test ffisidt Today's Courier N*w$ . . . Cardinals Are Looked Upon as Definite Pennant Threats . . . Stan Hack Replaces Cavarretta as Manager of Cubs . . . Young Tommy Jackson Startle* Boxing World by 'Stopping Dan Bucceroni . . . S"orts . . . Pages < and 7 ... . . . War Itself Breeds Impacts Worse Than H-Bombs . . . Editorials . . . Page 4 ... . . . Florida Vacationers Plentiful, But Money Is Scarcer This Tear . . . One of » Series *• "The Nation's Page It ... EDITOR'S NOTE — Starting about April 19 Mississippi County will join the rest of the nation in a historic trial: field tests of the polio vaccine developed by Dr. Jonas E. Salk of Pittsburgh. If the vaccine it effective, the crippling career of paralytic polio- mylitis may be ended. This is the first of three articles on what parents everywhere hope may prove man's mastery over frightening disease. By ALTON L. BLAKESLEE AP Science Reporter NEW YORK (AP) — The next six months can spell the absolute end of polio, if all goes well. The weapon is a polio vaccine developed by Dr. Jonas E. Salk and associates of the University of Pittsburgh. By present scientific evidence, It vicious polio virus. There is even reason to believe that a few shots of the vaccine can give lifetime protection. * • • At the moment, the vaccine Is like a new type of airplane. The engineers are pretty sure it will fly and perform as expected. But the acid test is to fly it. So an army of half a million to a million little children will step forward soon to take trial shots. After summer's end it can be learned whether the vaccine really defends them against polio and paralysis. If it passes this critical test, then all the nation's 46 million children could start getting it next year. In a few years, no one would need be vulnerable to polio. All this is just a promise. But it is based upon all the scientific facts known now about polio. This vaccine could fail. If it does, there are prospects for still other vaccines, perhaps better ones. The vaccine story is simple, in retrospect—just as the solution of a detective mystery is simple, in retrospect. Dr. Salk's vaccine made of dead virus, using all three types of virus which can cause human paralysis. It is safe, because dead virus cannot cause polio. But the dead virus can still create defenses •gainst live, dangerous virus. The key question is: Is the defense obtained this way really good enough? The answer can only be found by giving the vaccine to hundreds of thousands of children, before the polio season begins. Local health authorities and the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis Benson lowered government dairy price supports from 90 to 75 per cent of parity, effective at midnight tomorrow. "This would assure dairy producers about 80 per cent of parity," Aiken said. "It should provide a long-range stability for all parts of the industry, especially farmers and producers." Support Flexible Plan Both Aiken and Anderson have been s u p p o r t i ng administration proposals for ending rigid 90 per cent farm supports on ^major field crops in favor of a flexible system ranging from 75 to 90 per cent. Parity is a standard for farm prices said by law to be fair to poducers in relation to prices they must pay. Aiken said the program also involves marketing controls, under which the secretary could require producers to hold back part of i their milk from market during periods of surplus. Benson predicted yesterday that some retailers will cut prices on a pound of butter to 59 cents Thursday when the government drops supports from 65 to 57 cents. But he said most prices will be from 65 to 70 cents. Sen. Mundt (R-SD) got into the dispute over farm price supports government or government - financed purchases. Important sections of the program may be heading into legislative quicksand. Many Dissents For the 5,000-word message goes pretty much down the line of recommendations of a special commission on foreign economic policy —a commission whose report was so loaded with dissents as to raise grave doubts as to how far its proposals would get in Congress. Those same doubts still apply now that Eisenhower has accepted the suggestions in general, bundled them together into a message and asked Congress to do something -about thanx Many member* of the President's own party in the Senate and House adhere to the historic GOP position that tariffs should be kept relatively highv to protect domestic industry against. cheap imports. The commission, headed by Clarence Randall of Chicago, president of Inland Steel Co., turned in its report Jan. 23. The core of the report and the Eisenhower message is a recommendation for a three-year extension of the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act, which expires June 12, and for expanded authority for the president to negotiate tariff adjustments with other countries on a give-and-take basis. Significant objections came from members of Congress who will have a vital role in deciding the I fate of tariff legislation: j Chairman Daniel A. Reed (R- j NY) of the House Ways and j Means Committee, Rep. Richard M. Simpson (R-Pa), a high-ranking member of the committee, and Chairman Eugene D. Millikln (R- See EISENHOWER on Page 2 Trial of Man Indicted in Wreck Starts are conducting these field triais. This summer many of these , vaccinated children, along with which unvaccinated youngsters, will be Invaded by polio virus in natural exposure or infection. Do most—or all—the vaccinated children escape paralysis, as compared with the nonvaccinated? If the answer is yes, the vaccine works and can abolish polio. If it doesn't, the search must start afresh. The reason for believing the fte« FOLIO M Page I last night with an announcement that he would ask Congress to let farmers decide "on crop-by-crop basis" what kind of government price supports they want. Local Butter Prices to Fall Cheese and butter prices apparently are due to come down soon in Mississippi County. Tastmark Dairies of Faragould, hich serves large areas of this county including Blytheville, today announced wholesale price cuts on butter and cheese. The firm said butter will be reduced eight cents per pound and that the price of cheese will be cut five cents per pound. Both cuts are on the wholesale level. Lester Mills, general manager, be felt in retail outlets in seven to 10 days. The trial of Jack Freeman of Lake City charged with involuntary manslaughter in connection with the traffic death of Jack Wiser of Leachville on Highway 18 last April began this morning in Circuit Court after empaneling of petit jurors. A true bill against Mr. Freeman xvas returned to the court yesterday by the grand jury along with four other indictments. The accident occurred when a car driven by Mr. Freeman struck a trailer being towed oy a tractor driven by Mr. Wiser knocking the tractor some 30 yards into the yard of a nearby house. In a brief report to Circuit Judge Charles W. Light, the grand jury stated that it had examined seven witnesses and returned five indictments and one no-true bill. It further stated that it had examined the court house and county jail and found them in good condition, but recommended to the county judge that a larger hot water heater be purchased and installed in the jail. Serving on the grand jury wert Dale E. Carter, foreman; J. F. Harris, secretary; Don White, L. E. Eubanks, Paul Lang, H. C. Weathers, Jr., Ausie Young, Jo* C. Cbapin, Marshall Blackard, Ar* lie French, George L. Muir, Jr., Leroy Ross, Mike Simon, W. 0. Cobb, I. D. Shedd and B. B. Thel- Twenty-two persons were selected to serve as petit jurors. They are, Carl M. Byrd, Max Ray, Jr., ; Rex Hughes, Bridges. W. C. P. C. Elliott, Jim Carter, Homer Buck, Henry Oaso, Cecil Afttcalf, Glen Alexander, O. M. Mitchell, Vilson Smith, Spencer Bunch, Paul D. Abbott, Quincy O. Alexander, i reston Gay, Lonnte lofs> ton, Glenn Harrison, Ben J. HtB, Robert O. McIIaney and Xnfe Alexander,

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