Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on August 2, 1963 · Page 4
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August 2, 1963

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Friday, August 2, 1963
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4 Galesburg Reigster^Moil Galesburg, Jll. PridoyyAug, 2, 1963 Well, Here Come 9 Our Candidate for 19961' GoWwater Gets Jlimp Oil 1964 ConVentlOll EDITORIAL ment and Review Bumpy Road of Love Let's concede that romance is wonderful. It is obviously popular, is undoubtedly here to stay, and nobody in his right mind is going to knock it. But lovers, PLEASE—not behind the wheel of a moving car in today's traffic. There just has to be a better—and safer- place to neck and nuzzle! Yet there is increasing evidence that the driver's seat is replacing the davenport, the park bench and even the movie balcony as a favorite sparking spot. No one has any figures so far to show how many accidents have -been caused because a driver was smooching instead of steering and wooing instead of watching. But you don't have to be a safety expert to know that high horsepower love can be lethal. Let's forget any bad taste involved and consider the problem from the standpoint of safety alone. Surely no one can seriously believe that a young lover—or even an older one—can keep his mind on traffic when he has at least one arm around a cuddling cutie and is driving cheek to cheek. If he can, he just ain't much of a lover! If he can't, he ought to get out of the driver's seat. What to do about the problem? Legislation? Let's face it, you can't outlaw love. You would have to put a traffic officer in every car and keep him there as a chaperone. For unlike alcohol, romance doesn't show up on the breath in a balloon test or in traffic spot-check. Seatbelts? Do you think these lovebirds would use 'em—unless someone invents one that will buckle the lovers cozily together? Public opinion and education? Probably the best hope. If only a fraction of these immature exhibitionists could be persuaded that they are inviting death and disaster for themselves and others, and looking cheap and silly as they do it, it would be a big step in the right direction. Or we might pass a law that every driver and passenger must sit in an individual bucket seat. That might just do it! Non-Aggression and the Soviet Union "The most avowedly aggressive state may conclude pacts of non-aggression with some states in order to free its hands and secure its rear and flanks for an attack on other states." These accurate and prophetic words were uttered almost 30 years ago. Ironically, they were spoken by Maxim M. Litvinoff, then Foreign Commissar (as he was called) of the Soviet Union. He is here quoted from a New York TTmes interview of June 24, 1934, in which he rejected military alliances and the policy of the balance of power as tending to unleash rather than prevent war. The irony was that five years later, plus only two months, the Soviet Union was to sign a non-aggression treaty with Hitler's Germany that most certainly unleashed World War II. World public opinion was totally unprepared for the announcement in Berlin, Aug. 21, 1930, that Foreign Minister Ribbentrop was flying to Moscow within two days to affix his signature to a non-aggression treaty. That Ribbentrop had been the artisan of the Anti-Comintern Pact of 1936 only made the shock more dismaying, the irony more complete. The specific effect of the 1939 non-aggression pact was just what Litvinoff had predicted. His rear and flanks secured, Hitler gave riie order to march and Naxi troops invaded Poland by land and air on Sept. 1, the day after the Russian Supreme Soviet went through the motions of ratification. Less than two years later, on June 22, 1941, German troops poured into the Soviet Union. Vyache- slav M. Molotov, who had replaced Litvinoff as Foreign Commissar in time to negotiate the pact with Hitler, said: "We had not deserved this." That the Soviet Union should now be pushing a new non-aggression treaty after so trau­ matic an experience is surprising. In any event, a pact in the specific terms proposed by Soviet Premier Khrushchev—"between the two main military groups of states, the NATO countries and the Warsaw Treaty states"— now seems out of the question so long as Charles de Gaulle is President of France. In his mass press conference of July 29 De Gaulle offered his own "solemn declaration through the voice of the President of the Republic that there will never be any aggression by France." Therefore, De Gaulle reasoned, "a pact of non-aggression is hence without purpose." The Russians in the past have been inclined to tear up treaties the moment these proved inconvenient. In the period between 1926 and 1933 the Soviet government concluded a series of non-aggression treaties with neighboring governments. Yet in 1939 Russia invaded Poland and Finland and in 1940 seized Bessarabia from Rumania. After the fall of Paris in 1940, Soviet forces hastily overran the Baltic states in violation of existing treaties. And after the surrender of Germany in 1945, Soviet forces invaded Japanese-held territory despite a Soviet - Japanese non-aggression treaty. Foreign Commissar Litvinoff back in 1934 had an alternative to non-aggression treaties that is at least tempting to consider: "By a process of elimination we. . .arrive at another means—namely, pacts of mutual assistance, which must by no means be regarded as an attempt to. encircle anyone, since every state belonging to a region may join. . .Having equal rights and an equal measure of security, not one signatory of such a pact should be considered encircled or subject to any danger if he shares the other signatories' desire for peace." As if things weren't already tough enough these days, many of us don't even know how to pronounce the names of most of the places and people we read about in the newspapers. And even when we get a clue from a big- time radio or television commentator, along The Easier Way gives an t comes another commentator and entirely different pronunciation. Maybe that's why so many of us are talking more about the current government difficulties in England than about the crises in other lands. Almost everybody knows how to pronounce Christine and Mandy and Ward! By PETER EtiSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - The National Draft Goldwater for President headquarters in Washington will announce the names of its first state chairmen and slate organizing committee members within the next few weeks. All will be regular Republicans with experience and recognized standing in the GOP. The political importance of this strategy can hardly be overestimated. It will refute the contention of New York's Gov. Nelson Rockefeller and others that the Goldwater drive is the work of right- wing extremists on the lunatic fringe. There is no disputing that most of the enthusiasm for Goldwater now comes from grass roots supporters and political amateurs. There have been local Goldwater for President clubs in many cam* munittes for two years and more, but they have been unrelated, un* official and outside the Republican party. The second big job of the Na* tional Draft Goldwater Committee—to be done concurrently with setting up state, county and city organizations—will be to co-ordinate these independent local clubs with the regular party. MANY OP these local clubs have been circulating their-own petitions urging nomination of Goldwater as the candidate in 1964. Draft Goldwater headquarters also has petitions out, and it asks all signers 'for a dollar as their contribution to the cause. There are around 100,000 signatures on these petitions now. The idea is to bring them all together. There is a blank state chart in Draft Goldwater head* quarters now, waiting for insef* tion of the first state totals. The hope is to run the total number of signatures into the millions. Peter O'Donnell Jr., national chairman of the Draft Goldwater Committee, and F. Clifton White, its executive director, head up the job of building this organization. O'Donnell, well-to-do young Dallas businessman and Republican state chairman in Texas since 1956, knows all the GOP regulars. He is on the move, calling on national and state committeemen to line up responsible leaders. White is a New York political science teacher and public relations man who has dabbled in politics since 1948 as a Dewey, Eisenhower and Nixon backer. He played a leading role in block­ ing Rockefeller's presidential ambitions in 1960. He wouldn't be averse to doing it again in 1964. SOME GOP STATE committees have a rule that their chairman must be a neutral, not backing any one candidate for political office before the primary or state convention. In other states this is a ruling of the state executive committee, a custom that has been followed for years, or a personal preference of the state chairman himself. In all such states, O'Donnell, White and their co-workers are forced to look elsewhere for Gold-, water state and local chairmen and committeemen. But they are recruting from the ranks of responsible Republican citizens who have the Goldwater conviction of conservatism—not the crackpot extremists. THERE IS NO assurance that Goldwater Will allow his natfie to be entered as a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in the New Hampshire primary next spring. If he doesn't allow it, a group of his supporters may try to present his name anyway. The importance of all this effort is that the Goldwater backers and the other GOP possibilities.- Rockefeller, speaking before a few hundred rich Californians at Bohemian Grove, will make no appeal whatever to the rank and file Republicans he needs to win. The Republican Citizens Committee, meeting at Hershey, Pa., even under President Eisenhower's sponsorship, is just as far removed from the great mass of voters. Rep. King Fires Red-Connected Assistant By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON — Rev. Martin Luther King has given the pink slip to a top-ranking aide exposed as a former member of the National Committee of the Communist Party. He is Jack O'Dell, a 40-year-old Negro whose real name is Hunter Pitts O'Dell. Until the early fall of 1962, O'Dell served as a staff consultant to King's national organization, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. O'Dell was then promoted to acting staff director in charge of voter registration and integration workshops. SEVERAL WEEKS after O'Dell assumed that post, his background was revealed by several newspapers. The St. Louis Globe- Democrat, the Birmingham News, and the Atlanta Constitution dis­ closed that O'Dell was a member of the Communist Party's National Committee. O'Dell had been expelled from the National Maritime Union in 1950 for circulation of a pro-Soviet petition attackingt he United States. On April 12, 1956, identifying himself as Hunter Pitts O'Dell, he testified before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, invoking the Fifth Amendment when asked it he was a Southern district organizer for the Communist Party. Subcommittee counsel Robert Morris then revealed that information in his possession showed O'Dell to be one of the prime communist operatives in New Orleans. .Using two aliases (Ben Jones and John Vesey), O'Dell served as a district organizer for the Party, issuing "directives to the (communist) professional group" in that city. HUNDREDS of documents seized at O'Dell's home by New Orleans police also established his position in the communist movement. On July 30, 1958, again as Hunter Pitts O'Delk he appeared before the House UnAmerican Activities Committee. Identifying himself as a Montgomery, Ala., insurance man, O'Dell refused to answer questions about his communist activities, citing the First and Fifth Amendments. Embarrassed by disclosure of O'Dell's background, King fired his controversial aide last fall, he told reporters. A few months later, O'Dell was very much in evidence as director of King's New York office lo­ cated at 312 W. 125th St., Manhattan. When my associate, Bill Schulz, contacted King's New York office, he was told by the receptionist that O'Dell no longer worked there. Miss Ruth Bailey, secretary of the office, then took over to *ay she could say nothing: "No comment. Call Dr. King in Atlanta." Dr. King was not in. Mr. Schulz talked to Edward Clayton, King's public relations director, who explained first that O'Dell had been rehired seven months ago because he was found to be a dedicated Christian. HE QUOTED Dr. King: "After what we considered a thorough and good faith investigation we concluded that Mr. O'Dellhad no present connection with the Communist Party, nor any sympathy with its philosophy. . "While he may have had some connections in the past, we were convinced that he had renounced them and had become committed to the Christian philosophy of nonviolence in dealing with America's social injustices." On June 26, O'Dell and Dr. King had another meeting. They both agreed that "segregationists and race baiters" couid cite O'Dell's "alleged" background and smear the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. So' O'Dell left Dr. King's employ for the second time. The whole episode, Dr. King insists, is a red herring. He says: "This issue of Mr. O'Dell's is only another attempt to forestall and hamper the true essence of today's civil rights struggle." Copyright 1963 Real Peace Requires Retrenchments by Soviets By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN A CANADIAN DOCTOR checked the records of the number of babies born in the province of Alberta in 1961, a year of nuclear testing, and discovered a marked correlation between a presumably radioactive rainfall and a rise in the number of birth defects. And a technician with a milk company, a personal friend whose anonymity I m u s t respect, tells me that his organization was extremely jumpy over what got into the stomachs of cows from radioactive grass during one particularly active period of nuclear experiment. I don't like to think of the radioactivity that has, at times, surely found its way into our children's milk. Because these things bother me, I hope that the U. S. Senate will act favorably on the proposed test ban treaty which Averell Harriman brought back from Moscow. But the test ban should be accepted with open eyes, as something that stands quite by itself, and all talk that it constitutes a "hopeful" first step toward significant disarmament should be discounted at once. Indeed, the prospects are that ratification of the test ban treaty will serve, ironically, as a prelude to an acceleration of the Cold War. The communists, knowing what the heady catnip of "peace" propaganda does to produce indecisiveness in American and British councils, will certainly feel more confident that their localized subversion in underdeveloped countries will be allowed to proceed without protest from either Washington or London. While waiting for a summit conference, the communists will be-in a position to make hay. THE FIRST THING to do when Khrushchev opens his mouth to suggest that a test ban treaty should be followed up by some sort of non-aggression pact is to state the conditions that we of the West demand as prelude to a comprehensive "peace." Here are some items that should be placed high on the agenda as absolutely necessary preliminary Communist concessions: ' 1. Free elections, under a combined West-East supervision, shall be held in East Berlin, East Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Rumania. As a con ; dition of the elections, free party organization must be permitted on a continuing basis. THE MAILBOX Police Vacation , Editor, Register-Mail: In reference to the requests for additional days' leave by policemen, a recent published news report of City Council action quotes Alderman ^umwalt as saying that "three weeks vacation is more than most people employed in private industry get." This sounds like distortion of facts to swing sentiment of the public and the council to his side, for the truth is that, up to 10 years of service, policemen receive only two weeks actual "vacation," and three weeks Gems of Thought "WAIT PATIENTLY. . ." When we wait patiently on God and seek Truth righteously, He directs our path. —Mary Baker Eddy To know how to wait is the great secret of success. —Joseph Marie De Maistre Beautiful is the activity that works for good, and the stillness that waits for good. —Robert Collyer Patience is the key of content. —Mahomet Patience is not passive: on the contrary it is active; it is concentrated strength. Patient waiting is often the highest way of doing God's will. —Jeremy Collier after 10 years, which nearly every local industry also offers. Mr. Zumwalt should know this as an employe of a local factory. That extra seven days policemen get is to cover some of the holidays they must work during the previous year at no extra pay while .... (other workers) have the holiday and also the pay. Two, of those extra seven days off would be "their own" days off, meaning they actually are given five extra days for the holidays. . . . Let the matter, then, be decided on its own merits, and not by twisting facts or words.— Policeman 's Wife, Mrs. L. H. Freeman. Film From South Editor, Register-Mail: A documentary film, "Oxford, U.S.A.," is available free of charge to service clubs or other responsible organizations in your area. This film was made by an independent producer in Dallas, Texas, and prints are being distributed by the Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission. The 16-millimeter sound movie lasts about 45 minutes and contains actual riot scenes along with comments from state officials. We will send the film insured to any responsible group, provided the film is returned to us insured after the showing. Ali inquiries should be addressed to Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission, Jackson, Miss.— Erie Johnston Jr., director 2. Khrushchev must withdraw both his armed soldiers and his civilian "technicians" from Castro's Cuba, with on-site inspection, possibly under neutral UN teams, guaranteeing that the embarkations of men, planes and missiles are one hundred per cent complete. 3. The Berlin Wall must be razed, and free movement throughout eastern Europe must be reinstituted as a human right. 4. The Kremlin shall retreat to a neutral position in the struggles that are going on between the Addis Ababa African states and the Portuguese colonies of Angola and Mozambique, and be-, tween Indonesia and the members of a Malaysian union. Insofar as support of Latin American Marxist parties is concerned, the Kremlin shall sign a supplementary agreement to respect the Monroe Doctrine. 5. The Hungarian Freedom Fighters who were carted off to Siberia after the suppression of the Hungarian Revolution shall be repatriated. And any other East European nationals who are being forcibly detained inside Russia shall be released. INASMUCH as the Kremlin, like the irresponsible Kitty of E. E. Cummings's poem, always ducks the "touch of must and shall," it will be many a blue moon before any such concessions are written into a non-aggression pact. Nevertheless, the West must stand firm pn a fundamental "agenda of peace" that '^would, in effect, restore the balance that was once envisioned in the Potsdam agreements. Meanwhile, the armistice in nuclear testing should not be fol- REMINISCING Of Bygone Years FIFTY YEARS AGO Saturday, July 2, 1913 Members of the G a 1 e s b u r g Eagles Lodge held a picnic at Carney's Grove near Rio. Nearly 75 persons attended the affair. Murphy of Cuba pitched a no- hitter against the Galesburg Independents as the Cubans defeated the locals 10-0. lowed by a cutback in U. S. armaments, whether of the atomic or the conventional variety. The possession of "overkill," even if it is matched by the Russians, will hardly kill us, for deterrents are what keep the peace in a nationalistic world. We must keep our stock of bombs at current levels, and we must continue to improve delivery systems. If the Kremlin should ever suspect us of having fallen into a condition making for "underdelivery," then it would be goodnight. ONE FINAL observation: as long as there are any doubts that Polaris and Minuteman missiles are capable of knocking Russia out in case of war, I would feel more comfortable if. the current move to "phase out" our manned bombers were reversed. Real peace is still a long way off. Non-aggression agreements between Russia and the West are desirable, but not at the expense of any part of the world that was outside the borders of the Kremlin's domain as it existed in 1938, before Poland was partitioned by the two monsters, Hitler and Stalin. Copyright 1963 Qalesburg lfegisfer-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg. Illinoia TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mall Exchange 342-5161 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of Mnrch 3. 1879. Daily except Sunday; Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow ... Editor and General Manager M. H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations K. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMTER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEh ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of aU the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week. By RFD mall In our retail trading zone; 1 Year $10.00 S Months $3.50 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month Si.25 No mall subscriptions accepted in towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier In retail trading zona outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months C3.7& 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month jl-25 By mall outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months $5.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month fc.Ou Crossword puzzzle Metals TWENTY YEARS AGO Monday, Aug. 2, 1943 Just when the Monmouth electrical and telephone systems were just about in tip-top shape, following damage caused by a recent storm, another storm caused further damage. Lt. M. E. Phillips of the Chicago Aviation Cadet Board gave screening tests in the studv hall of Galesburg Senior High School to young men seeking to qualify for training in the Air Force. ACROSS 1 Iron-carbon alloy 6 Metal for statues 12 Slow (music) 13 Receptions 14 Eight (music) 36 Is 17 Supplement 18 Madder genus 20 Automotive * group (ab.) 21 Wound 24 Past 26 Misleads 30 Fit in 32 Italian commune 33 Dull yellows 35 Nickel-copper alloy 36 Understanding 38 Biblical name 39 Raising 42 Presidential nickname 45 Bestow 46 Stannum 49 My Lady (Fr.) 52 Printing mistakes 54 Wild ass 55 Baser 56 Seizes (colloq.) 57 Correct DOWN 1 Wild plum 2 Cravat 3 Grafted (her.) 4 Japanese outcast 5 Fiance 6 Colder 7 King 8 Egg (comb, form) 9 Cape W Greek letter Answer to Previous Pustita 11 Essential being 15 Feminine appellation 19 Conclusion 21 Yellow metal 22 Biblical kingdom 23 Sea cow 24 Moslem prayer call (var.) 25 Mountain pass (India) 27 Sand hill 28 Danish weights 37 Biblical On C«1A 3 E A s A A S HE \m) A R NJ o |l_ <S> C H M 1 N 1 AIT u R E E] P E= A l_ s E E T H E PI s P a T O M Is VIE M E E D E X F» 1 R E G51 R c. E D E A DF Nl p O E R S E= S m A o S U E xiraii C cJ E S T A T o D P O R T A Y E R a 19 u 1 R O N "IK E M $ MS3Efl D E Isl T |E T E 29 Salt 30 Consumed 31 Ribbon (comb form) 34 Experienced people character 401 have (contr.) 41 Resolution 42 Book of Bible 43 Judge's bench 46 Story 47 Bolivian Indian 48 Ointment 50 Moslem commander 51 Girl's nickname 1 2 3 4 5 &— 7 8 9 10 IT 12 13 14 16 17 P *~ • 20 \ w r mmm •« sr sr P •1 33 m a j 36 1 38 Ml Ml ¥ r 42^ *T IT B 1 45 52 i w 48 ST" 52 ST \ 54 bb 56 57

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