Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on July 25, 1974 · Page 10
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 10

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Carroll, Iowa
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Thursday, July 25, 1974
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Page 10
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Fate of Palestinians Could Determine Course of Middle East Peace ^^ .. i .. «. . n n /\ f Icraot fl fl By Holder Jensen (Associated Press Writer) BEIRUT (AP) — More than half the 3 million Palestinians seeking a homeland still live on handouts and hate in refugee camps. Their fate could determine the course of peace in the Middle East. The guerrilla movement gave them leaders. The October War with Israel gave them hope. The Arab-Israel cease-fire has presented them with an agonizing dilemma : Should they attend a Geneva conference with Israelis and bargain for some of their old homeland back, or should they escalate terrorism and wait for another Arab-Israeli war in hopes of winning it all? "Even if all the Arabs sign a peace agreement with Israel I will continue to fight," shouts an angry guerrilla called Salah at a camp in South Lebanon. "I have waited 26 years and I am tired of waiting," shrugs Ahmed Husseini outside his refugee shack in Jordan. "I will accept whatever I am given." Husseini lives in the Bakaa Camp 12 miles north of Amman. It is not a pleasant place to wait. More than 52,000 refugees are crowded into 7,389 corrugated iron huts, which average 10 square feet living space for every six inhabitants. Summertime temperatures of 122 degrees f ahrenheit have been recorded in the tiny sweatboxes. The dusty streets are unpaved. There is no running water, no sewage system, only 422 public lavatories and 61 "water points" where camp wives collect the precious liquid in rusty tin cans. Women in Bakaa average 10 children apiece. Two of them die, victims of typhoid, pneumonia, tuberculosis, gastro enteritis and malnutrition. Each refugee receives a monthly ration from the United Nations Relief Works Agency — 10 kilograms of flour, less than half a kilo of rice, sugar and oil. It amounts to 15 cents worth of food a day, not enough to sustain a human being. A kilo is equivalent to 2.2 pounds. The men hire out as laborers to building contractors who send trucKS with recruiters from Amman. But there is never enough work for all. Refugee deaths are seldom reported so their families can continue to draw the extra rations. While their younger children go to UNRWA schools and their teen-agers join resistance groups, the parents fantasize about what they left behind in Palestine and hoard copper pennies under their pillows for the day when they return. "We have to believe in something," said Majed el Hadi. "The October war was a victory for us because it smashed the myth of Israeli invincibility. We might not get everything we want, but we will get something out of it." Fou r-f ifths of the inhabitants in Bakaa are "double refugees." They fled from Israel to Jordan's west bank when the Jewish state was created in 1948, and they fled to the east bank in 1967 when Israel occupied the west bank. The other 10,000 are west bankers who stand a much better chance of regaining their former homes. This ' underlines the basic problem that divides the Palestinians and their guerrilla spokesmen. Israel's ultim.ate withdrawal from the territories seized in 1967 appears to be negotiable. Her 1948 borders are not. What might satisfy the Palestinian from the West Bank or the Gaza Strip will not necessarily satisfy the Palestinian from Haifa or Jaffa. Of 620,000 Palestinians now crowding the West Bank 283,430 are refugees from Israel proper. The Gaza Strip has 450,000 inhabitants, of whom 327,000 jealously guard their refugee status by living in camps. Prevented from establishing permanent new homes in neighboring Arab countries, they have resisted resettlement in the West Bank and Gaza for fear of renouncing their claim to that part of Palestine which Israel does not want to give up. Most of the 187,000 refugees in Lebanon, 174,000 in Syria and 568,000 in Jordan also came from what is now Israel. Times Carroll, la. Ask a Palestinian in Nablus, splinters like Black There is no room for them in 2,560 square miles of West Bank and 150 square miles of Gaza Strip. "Israel will just have to give up more territory if it wants peace," said a young student in Gaza's Burdij Camp. "I come from Beersheeba and I do not want to live in this narrow strip of desert." The refugees are both fearful and fatalistic about the possibility of an imposed settlement by the superpowers and Arab governments more interested in their own territorial objectives and economic reconstruction after four Middle East wars. Most of them have blind faith in a handful of guerrilla leaders to pull them out of their predicament. Although the guerrilla fighters only number some 19,000 and are largely based in Lebanon and Syria, their swaggering chieftains have filled a leadership vacuum created by 26 years of subjugation. and he will say Yasser Arafat and the Palestine Liberation Organization. For the same command. But the guerrillas themselves are divided between moderates who want population of Israel, an extremely unrealistic deportation project dismissed by a majority of moderate Palestinians. Some of them see an alternative solution in Jordan, which earned the civil war four years ago. "Israel could not survive M hours without American support and neither could King Hussein," said Shafiq el Hout of the PLO. "If the Americans don't want to give I personally would reason Arab governments oeiween moaeraies wuu wan. "--:."•, th p uerr nias bv recognized the PLO as the sole to bargain for half a Palestine * nml }y°J Ap mg Sf I bloody representative of the -- ' —-•---•- •••»•- -—* »« excelling them in a oiooay Palestinian people at a summit conference in Algiers last year. The PLO is a loose alliance of Arafat's large Al Fatah group, Zohair Mohsen's Syrian-supported Saika, the Iraqi-backed Arab Liberation Front (ALF) headed by Abdul Wahab Khayali, the Marxist Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) headed by Dr. George Habash, and the Popular Democratic Front (PDF) of Nayef Hawatmeh. The PLO Executive Committee chaired by Arafat dominates the 162-man Palestine national council — the closest thing to a parliament-in-exile — but it exercises little control over the widely divergent ideologies and tactics of its member groups, and no control over extremist and radicals who want to continue their liberation war. Up to 20 were killed in recent armed clashes between the PDF and the PFLPGC in two Lebanese refugee camps. Palestinian refugees still refuse to recognize the legitimacy of Israel, but they have faced up to the reality of r satisfied with Jordan. a state that has existed for a quarter century. Even their , <It is par t O f old Palestine. most fanatic guerrillas have Half the population is already stopped talking about driving p a i es tinian. I would feel at the Jews into the sea. home there if you Americans "We will settle for a rem0 ved your puppet king. democratic Palestinian state Such talk has upset baudi Arabia's King Faisal, who is anxious to preserve the Arab in which Arabs and Jews can coexist peacefully," said Abu Kifah of the PFLP-GC. "Of course, coexistence cannot include imported Zionists. All world's dwindling monarchies. He has quietly 111U1UUC iiitpwi i.**** **»v— —• lll\/l»**» w * the Jews who immigrated to passed the word to Arafat that Israel after 1948 will have to he will use his country s oil wealth to subsidize any fledgling Palestinian state as go back where they came from." He is talking about more than two-thirds of the present Loud Noises Solve the Crow Problem By Hari Subramaiam KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia (AP) — The Klang town council's novel way of getting rid of thousands of crows by playing "taped music and other sounds" is proving to be successful, said the council's chairman Azmi Tahrim. Impeachment Names Sought DES MOINES, Iowa (AP)— Representatives of a Baltimore, Md.-based committee to impeach the President was in Des Moines to get lowans to sign a petition urging Congress to impeach President Nixon. Jim Goodnow and Barbara Stephens, both of Newburyport, Mass., claim they have collected more than 34,000 signatures of eligible voters in 20 states and the District of Columbia since the effort started a year ago. The pair plan to stop at several towns and cities in Iowa along the interstate highway to solicit signatures. The council has taped jarring music, gun shots, planes landing and taking off, noises of timber being sawed with mechanical saws and other high pitched sounds. Mobile vans go around playing the sounds in the town, 20 miles west of Kuala Lumpur. The frightened crows run away, many never to come back again. The crows were brought to Klang in the 1930s from the South Indian state of Madras by British planters. The crows successfully ate away insects that were destroying coffee crops in the area. 250 Candidates Have Not Filed Expense Papers DES MOINES, Iowa (AP)— Secretary of State Melvin Synhorst says more than 250 candidates for state office have failed to file campaign expense reports as required by Iowa law. He said Saturday was the deadline for filing the latest Wipe out Crabgrass! Scotts CLOUT Makes crabgrass shrivel and begin to disappear within days. Also controls other grasses such as foxtail and barnyardgrass. 5,000 sq. ft. Bag ••^r" I Now, over 40 years later, there is not a single coffee plantation in the area but the crows have become a bold nuisance, multiplying into thousands. Their droppings are found everywhere, they carry away shiny objects like metal spoons, any food left uncovered is eaten up and they create a great din at dusk and dawn. The crows have not begun attacking babies but some of the 110,000 residents of Klang believe that it may only be a matter of time if they are not eliminated. three-month report of receipts and expenditures and 272 reports have not been filed. A total of 720 candidates, committees representing candidates or other political organizations must file reports under the state's campaign finance disclosure law, said Synhorst. However, he said there probably will be no action taken against committees or persons who have not filed because the law states that only a willful violation of the law is illegal. Synhorst said all candidates for the top seven state elective offices or committees representing them have filed reports. Reports have not been filed by a number of candidates for the Iowa Legislature, their committees and some local Republican and Democratic committees. $7.95 £ $z.y D Cash receipts for hogs, cattle and calves in Iowa nearly doubled between 1960 and 1972 — from $1.5 billion to $2.9 billion. "The people will have to put up with the noise of the tapes for a short time but then the greater crow nuisance will be solved,"said Azmi. Officials explained that the idea of the "music and noise" is to frighten away the crows and change breeding habits. The frightened crows will leave the eggs cold whenever they hear the noise and the eggs won't hatch. Finally the crows won't come back to the area, but will find new areas. Zioii Circle Holds Politick MANNING — The potluck supper meeting'of the Zion Evening Circle was held at the Manning City Park. Fifteen members were present with Carol Hagedorn and Neva Hinners as hostesses. Pastor Heinicke led the topic discussion "Women of. the Bible — Mary." Margaret Backhaus, Christian Growth Chairman led devotions. Arlene Mohr, president opened the meeting by welcoming Pauline Borten an associate member. The secretary and treasurer reports were read and approved. The Friendship Committee remembered ten sick, one baby, one sympathy and one birthday. A report was given on church cleaning by Arlene Mohr. Verna Wegner gave a report on bingo. A motion was made to inquire about rugs for the hymnal racks. The mite box was passed and roll call taken. Games were played after the meeting. Return Home From Okoboji To Visit Club- District Gov. R. Lynn Johnson (above) of Chariton will pay an official visit to the Carroll Rotary Club Monday, August 26, President Cecil Menke announced Thursday. Johnson will address the club after a meeting with officers and committee chairmen to discuss progress and goals for the year. There are 53 clubs in District 600 over which Johnson is supervisor. Johnson is vice-president of the Johnson Machine Works, Inc. WESTSIDE — Sylvia Wenzel returned home Saturday after spending two weeks at Lake Okoboji. She was a counselor for the Concordia Cub Weeks. Dee Ann and Cory Brockman returned home Saturday from church camp at Okoboji. Dr. and Mrs. Dennis Wilken and boys of Osceola were Thursday and Friday visitors in the Hubert Wilken home. Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Johnson and Ricky from Louisville, Neb. were weekend visitors. Supper guests in the Francis Young home were Mr. and Mrs. Wayne Young of Fremont, Neb. Friday. They later attended the birthday of Mrs. Minnie Vetter. Mr. and Mrs. Phillip Wenzel, Chris and Angela of Seattle, Wash., arrived on Tuesday to spend a week in the Phillip Wenzel home. Wenzel will attend summer classes at the University of Minnesota. They will also visit with Mr. and Mrs. George Dodge at Hastings, Minn. Additional weekend guests were Mr. and Mrs. John Derby, Michel and Shayne of Sioux City, and Mr. and Mrs. Dave Nixon of Omaha. Mr. and Mrs. Willis Peterson attended the silver anniversary for Mr. and Mrs. long as the guerrillas keep their hands off Jordan. Art Cook at Southland, Iowa on Sunday. In the evening they visited with Mr. and Mrs. Nels Kafton and Mrs. Shirley Peterson at Mapleton. Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Peterson attended the silver wedding anniversary for Mr. and Mrs. Carl Linke at Fort Dodge Sunday. Train Derails at Fairfield F AIRFIELD, Iowa (AP)-A derrick has been brought from Galesburg, 111., to remove the wreckage of 17 coal-laden cars of a Burlington Northern freight train which derailed at Fairfield. Railroad officials said Wednesday they hoped to have at least one of two tracks open to traffic by Thursday. The cause of the derailment, which occurred Wednesday afternoon, was still under investigation. MILE AWHILE -^ CASE POWERS EQUIP. If You Need A Building . . . • >" "--' s ^_ • Commercial IJEFSC • Industrial <£. m • Farm You'll Be Pleasantly Surprised When You Get A Price or a Piaa TO MAKE HER SIT UP AMD TAKE NOTICE JUSTTEILHBJ ABOUT THE HMH CTAMMim MY VOU ARE SITTING ON MR. HOCKS CHOCOLATE ECLAIR. TIME MX WIFE LISTENS IS WHEN I .TM.K. IN MY CASE POWER & EQUIPMENT From BAUM HOVER CONSTRUCTION CO. Phone 792-9831 Virgil J. Baumhovcr i Closed All Day Saturday | July 27 for PARTS INVENTORY L ... See details in our store. £ OS Oi Oi I O> O: SPECTRACIDE I GARDEN I INSECT SPRAY i PROTECTS SHRUBS, ROSES, FLOWERS, FRUITS, VEGETABLES Kills many chewing and sucking insect pests in and around the garden. Highly effective, broad spectrum. 15 oz. Spray Can <o •o so SUPPLEX ^ Nylon Reinforced Vinyl GARDEN HOSE Attractive green transparent cover. All weather additives gives hose flexibility below zero. Hose retains strength under hot sun. Nylon reinforced. Solid brass, full-flow couplings. 5/8 inch Diameter, 50 feet ;o jo I GARDEN I CENTER § Hwy. 30 West Carroll HOURS: Mon.-Thun. 8:00-5:30 Fri. 8:00-9:00 Sat. 8:00-5:00 Plymouth Valiant selling compact C^ • .^^^^^^^jpii It's true! Recent sales results show that America's best-selling compacts come from Plymouth. And there's good reason for it. Our small cars give you plenty of room inside, lots of trunk space out back, and great small-car parking and handling. Something else: All 75 prices are gonna go up. So now's the time to buy. Especially now that our eight great small car buys are ail clearance priced. So c'mon in and check 'em out now. Know what I mean? It costs us more to keep 'em than to sell 'em. So c'mon in for a Clean-up Deal. PAA 1974 Plymouth Valiant 4-Door Sedan Clearance Priced $3196 Auto. Trans., Radio, Delivered, In Stock AUTHORIZED DEALER WITTROCK MOTOR CO. CHRYSLER MOTORS CORPORATION Downtown Carroll Dependable Service Since 1935

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