Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 31, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Wednesday, July 31, 1963
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••(Soksburg Register-Mail, Galesburrj, 111. Wed., July 31, 1963 Talk Busincss-Tliat Fellow's From Internal Revenue WM EDITORIAL Comment and Review Emphasis on Economy In going about the routine of debating and Voting on Illinois legislation, new members of the House of Representatives at Springfield are not often pinnacled in the public eye. This makes all the more significant a recognition which came recently to Clarence E. Neff of Stronghurst and Raymond E. Anderson of Galesburg, "freshman" members of the current Assembly session, Republican Representatives from the seven-county 50th District. These two legislators were included among a listing of a very few Representa­ tives, cited in an announcement by the Taxpayers' Federation of Illinois, for consistent effort in behalf of economizing. Concerning the group, one commentator observed they were of varied party affiliations, but alike in their independent willingness to work long extra hours trying to cut state expenditures and reduce the taxes of Illinois people. To strive for state solvency is tough, the comment continued—"like pushing a jeep uphill with a rope"—but 32 Assemblymen, including Anderson and Neff, are committed to that task. South Africa and Sabotage The Union of South Africa is a nation marching determinedly away from its Dutch, French, and British democratic heritage. Tuesday marked the first anniversary of the coming into force of the General Laws Amendment Act, generally known as the Sabotage Act. Tin's most remarkable piece of legislation contains 22 clauses, only one of which deals with sabotage. The others give the Minister of Justice unusual authority over public communications, meetings, freedom of movement. Supporters of the governing Nationalist Party admit that almost anybody can be arrested for almost anything. The Minister of Justice is Balthazar J. Vorster, who was convicted of acts against the pro-British South African Government during World War II. An advocate of Christian Nationalism, he stated at that time: "You can call tins anti-democratic system dictatorship if you like. . .In Italy it is called Fascism, in Germany, National Socialism, and in South Africa, Christian Nationalism " When appointed to his present office in August lOfil he promised: "If there are not enough powers, I will not hesitate to ask Parliament to give me more." Parliament did just that in the Sabotage Act. Vorster on July 30, 1962 issued his first list of "banned persons" or, as they are sometimes called, "unquotables." These were 120 South Africans who could no longer have their words published or quoted. Banned persons might be quoted, however, by Members of Parliament when necessary in the course of a debate on legislation. But newspapers were not alluwed to print speeches of a banned Cape Town city council­ lor. Copies of a book published abroad before the act became law were allowed to he sold, but no further copies were allowed to be im­ ported. Books by banned persons could be circulated by public libraries, but members could be prosecuted if they in turn, loaned them to anyone else. Newspapers may quote statements by banned persons who appear in court, but only so long as this concession is "not abused by creating a forum for such persons" to get around the purposes of the Sabotage Act. One South African newspaper summed up: "As far as the press is concerned banned people do not exist in South Africa." The "Banned Persons" order of July 30, 1962, was followed by a series of curious house arrests beginning in October. By the end of the year a score of persons were under house arrest; the harassment continues. Those under 12-hour house arrest were allowed to go to work; those under 24-hour arrest had to stay home. Two lawyers who shared the same office were not allowed to speak to each other, but a banned husband and wife might. This kind of repression lias turned the underground movements, of which there are at least three, in the direction of violence. But the movements of African and non-African agitators are carefully controlled. Africans outnumber whites only 4 to 1 in South Africa, as compared to 10 to 1 in Southern Rhodesia, or 100 to 1 in Kenya. White settlers from both the latter emerging states are moving to South Africa. About 100 British immigrants are landing at Cape Town every week. More are coming from Germany, Italy, and Portugal. These are pot- tential new recruits for what Foreign Minister Eric Louw last March frankly called a '"cold war" in which the whites were involved "in its fullest sense." That a hot war can be avoided seems more and more unlikely as the Southern African progressively abandons the national heritage. Wanted: More Chess Players Consider the chess player and the unsung contribution he is making to space age living. In a day when the average businessman's schedule is loused up for two weeks if he misses one section ot a revolving door on his way to work, the che.-s player will sit in un- ruiiled contemplation ior as long as he darn pleases. He is the last survivor of an e>a when it Coast Road SALEM, Ore. (ITI—Oregon's ocean coastline is state-owned, and all Uaihes are designated as public higin\a\.>. A mo\e to change the beaches to stale recreation areas was defeated by the recent se-sion of the state Legislature. Most of the beach "highway-" are easily accessible, and auto trailic is not prohibited. and was regarded as prudent to think first then act. instead of \ice versa. It is perhaps impractical to suggest that all business in these jet-propelled times be conducted on a nole ot massive deliberation such as the chess player employs. But it is intriguing to wonder if irreparable damage to civilization would be inflicted if just a little more time and thought could be given to moves and decisions be they made by citizens or government. Don't panic, chess players. Keep on takintr \<>ur unit-. Think iu>t. It just .might become contagious! Integration Issue May Prevent Vote Show-Down By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN THE WORST ASPECT of ouf heavily emotional preoccupation with the integration issue is that it is almost certainly bound to be used to prevent a broad-scale political test next year between "liberalism" (modern statist style) and conservatism, or individualism. Unless there is a revulsion from current fashions in argument, nobody will be able to discuss any subject rationally until the first Wednesday after the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November, 1964. The difficulty of keeping a conversation—or a "dialogue," to use the current cliche—from descending immediately to the shouting stage was illustrated last week at the Governors Conference in Miami Beach. For example, when Gov. Romney of Michigan tried at one point to canvas the subject of encroach­ ment by the federal government on the state governments in matters of taxation and welfare programs, the response he got was a heavily loaded question, "Are you for Birmingham?" If Romney had not made a quick switch from problems that beset the community of Birmingham in his own state of Michigan, his answer might have been vastly misunderstood. Whenever Senator Barry Goldwater's name came up at the Governors Conference, it evoked a simplistic, or simple-minded, response. A single question was hurled at various governors repeatedly: "Do you consider Goldwater to be a segregationist?" Pat Brown of California said he did; Romeny said he didn't know what Goldwater was; New York 's Nelson Rockefeller ducked the question by observing that his good friend Barry had not extricated himself from the clutches of the radical right. NOBODY SEEMED to consider that it might be relevant to consult Goldwater's record in promoting integration in his home state of Arizona, or to quote the Senator's often-reiterated contention that the states should exercise moral responsibilities on their own. And certainly nobody cared to broaden the discussion of Goldwater's views to cover the Senator's attitude toward Cuba, taxes, radioactive fall-out, aid to education, or Secretary McNamara 's ideas about running the Pentagon. Since in a pre-election year politicians are bound to spend practically all their time either politicking or answering leading questions prompted by politicking, the Governors Conference might be written off as just one of those things. Unfortunately, the idea that it might be good for all-around clarity to get a vote on the liberal-versus-conservative issue next year is also being shouted down at the grassroots. A businessman friend of mine who is a person of influence in the Read ing region of Pennsylvania tried the other day to bring his daughter, a recent graduate of Smith College in Northampton, Mass., into an adult caucus on national politics. The girl objected to the very idea of letting Americans have a-chance to express themselves by vote on the Jiberal- versus-conservative theme. When her father and her father's friends tried to draw her out on the subject of majority rule, she simply stuck to her feeling that it would be "bad" for everyone to allow a conservative to secure power even by a legitimate consensus of 51 per cent of the population. The daughter's state of mind has her father worried about the anti-democratic implications of Ivy League college education, "My daughter," he says, "considers herself a 'liberal.' So do all the teachers and educators who have influenced her into this frame of mind As I define the word, they are not liberals at all. They are simply community casuists. They 'know better.' They want a dictatorship ot the intellectuals. They will force us to be 'liberal'—as they define the term—even though they have to jail us to do it." AND WHAT better way of preventing a democratic showdown next year between statist liberals and anti-statist conservatives than by making tho race issue, as defined by those who consider Goldwater a segregationist, the single lest in choosing candidates for both parlies? Copyright 1963 Korth Position Questionable in TFX Contract By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON—President Kennedy, a devotee of speed reading, might spend a few minutes on the transcript of Navy Secretary Fred Korth's recent closed-door Senate testimony. He might then scan the Supreme Court's famous Dixon- Yates decision spelling out the federal conflict-of-interest statute. Korth's testimony was taken in executive session by John McClellan's Permanent Senate Subcommittee on Investigations, which has for months probed the controversial TFX contract. ENTERED in the record of McClellan's subcommittee was voluminous evidence indicating that Korth may be guilty of conflict - of - interest improprieties. Consider the following: 1. Korth was president of the Continental National Bank of Fort Worth up until the day lie assumed his Pentagon post. In that capacity he approved a loan to General Dynamics Corporation. 2. Testimony indicates that a substantial part of General Dynamics' loan is still owed to Korth's bank. 3. Korth received 16 visits and 5 telephone calls, from officials of General Dynamics before the TFX contract was awarded. His own log shows these visits totaled 391 minutes, or more than 6Ms hours. The same log indicates that Korth spent a total of 35 minutes with officials of the Boeing Company who also sought the* contract. (One of the two visits paid to Korth by Boeing personnel dealt not with TFX but helicopters.) 4. The Pentagon Sourse Selection Board, after months of investigation, awarded the TFX contract to Boeing on the grounds that its craft would be more economical and more efficient. 5. Korth and Defense Secretary Robert McNamara overruled the Board's unanimous decision, and gave the $8 million contract to General Dynamics. 6. On Jan. 18, 1962, in an appearance before another Senate Committee, Korth revealed that he planned to return to his post at the Continental National Bank upon completion of his Washington stint. BECAUSE of his Fort Worth banking interests, Korth faced a problem that "would stagger a Solomon" in objectively considering the TFX contract, said Sen. Karl Mundt. Korth replied: "Sen. Mundt, I repeat that I believe that I am a man of integrity. If you find, or this committee finds I am not, certainly you should so recommend to the President and I will promptly hand in my resignation." Mundt and other members of the subcommittee will make no recommendations until they finish their' investigation, which may not be for many months. At least one congressman, however, has demanded that President Kennedy seek Korth's resignation. HE IS Iowa's H. R. Gross, a Republican, who calls the TFX contract a "real Texas-sized scandal." The Supreme Court's Dixon- Yates decision made crystal- clear the statute's meaning: "It is directed not only at dishonor, but also at conduct that tempts dishonor. To this extent, therefore, the statute is more concerned with what might have happened in a giyjen situation than what actually happened. It attempts to prevent honest government agents from succumbing to temptation by making it illegal for them io enter into relationships which are fraught with temptation." ' Copyright 1963 Political Hay Reaped in Nonpartisan Air Shows By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — Sen. Kenneth B. Keating of New York runs one of the smartest biparti-' san radio and television news commentary programs originating hi Washington. Though he is a dyed-in-the-wool and rock-ribbed Republican from way back, he puts Democratic guest stars on his show and lets them say what they please in answer to his pointed questions. He doesn't argue with them. But he often puts on his program Democrats who support his viewpoint. So far this years he has had 10 Democrats on his 13-minute weekly shows, to seven Republicans and 11 other government officials or prominent private citizens. He began this in 1949 when he was still in the House of Representatives. He pioneered the use of television as a supplement to ILLINOIS TAX FACTS: Indebtedness Limitations Are Important Public Safeguards By MAURICE W. SCOTT, Executive Secretary Taxpayers' Federation of Illinois SPRINGFIELD - Of the numerous kinds of state provisions which regulate borrowing and indebtedness of local governments, three are of particular importance. These, according to the Taxpayers' Federation of Illinois, are as follows: (H Limits on the amount of outstanding local government debt in relation to the property tax base; 12) Limits on property tax rates that can be levied for debt service requirements, or for various purposes including debt service; and (3> Requirements for specific referendum approval of proposed, bond issues. Debt limits were incorporated in constitutions of numerous states REMINISCING Of Bygone Years FIFTY YEARS AGO Thursday, July 31, 1913 Alvin Anderson and son Philip of 1121 N. Kellogg St., left on the Santa Fe Railroad for a trip to Denver, Colo. Testing the warmth of the sun's rays, three young men of Galesburg successfully fried an egg on one of the city's sidewalks. A thermometer placed near the spot registered 118 degrees. TWENTY YEARS AGO Saturday, July 31, 1943 Charles Bossong, works manager of the American Steel Foundries, was named chairman of the Galesburg committee of the national organization for economic development. Bardolph of the McDonough Comity League and the Eagles of the Knox County League, battled to a 10-innhig 3-3 tie in a baseball game at H. T. Custer Park. Water Jr>.m covered source.- -uch as a well oi- stor. ;.».>;kv i s -a!e tor hu.-iuck in case of nuclear fallout. IN'ow You Know By United Press International Approximately 360.000 school teachers in the United States received their training under the Gl Bill of Rights, according to tiie Veterans Administration. during the 1870's and 1880's, and some additional states have since taken similar action. In 1870 Illinois adopted a Constitution which set a limit on local government debt in terms of a percentage of assessed value — 5 per cent of assessed value. At present, all except 16 of the 50 state constitutions specify some percentage limitations on outstanding debt of local governments in relation to the property tax base. * * * LIMITS on property tax rates that can be levied for debt service provide another way- of restricting the debt-incurring power of local governments. In only a few states are local governments subject to a debt service restriction. The explanation is that debt service requirements are specifically exempted from tax rate limits in most instances. The reason is that logic dictates that when a local government has incurred debt as a general obligation, there should be no legal obstacle to the use of its taxable resources to pay the resulting interest and retirement charges. Tax rate limits for debt service have been used for counties in Arkansas and Texas. * • • THE MOST COMMON' device for regulation of local government debt involves a requirement that the insurance of bonds be approved by referendum. However, in the use of the referendum provision, the legal requirements differ greatly in nature and re- strictiveness. Some states require a simple majority approval by the participa - ing electorate to authorize bond issues. Others require something beyond a simple majority vote to authorize a bond issue. The additional requirements vary widely. Some of them call for a certain degree of voter participation (50 per cent of the eligible voters voting on the question); some require a special majority, a 60 per cent, 6,5 per cent, or two-thirds favorable vote: and a few states require the bond proposal to be approved by property owning voters as distinct from the electorate as a whole. his letters and weekly reports to constituents. In 14 years he has become something of a pro as he sends out advance transcripts of his shows to political writers and he makes news. He has built up his program so that it now goes out over seven to 10 television stations and 36 to 41 radio stations in New York state. He also runs a five- minute program for two other television and 26 other radio stations. Buying the tapes, they cany the programs as public service newscasts. This is another reason why Keating has to keep them nonpartisan. If they were straight party • line, they might have to be paid for as political broadcasts. HIS SHOWS move fast and aren't long speeches. The senator uses about half of his time at the beginning and end of his program to answer the most intelligent letters he has received frem constituents during the previous week. He puts over his own ideas in these answers. The other half of his time is an interview with his guest. Among the prominent Democrats he has had on his show recently are: Ambassador to India Chester Bowles on foreign aid; Sen. Thomas J. Dodd of Connecticut on the Congo, Laos and Viet Nam; Undersecretary of State Averell Harriman on the nuclear test ban negotiations in Moscow; new Undersecretary of Commerce Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr.; Sen. Warren G. Magnuson of Washington State, chairman of the Commerce Committee which is now holding hearings on equal access to public facilities in the civil rights program. KEATING SAYS he gets a little fan mail from lifelong New York Republicans, asking why he puts these so-and-so Democrats on the air. But he gets far more mail and comments from Democrats, commending him for giving both sides. For Keating, this is smart politics. In his state the Democratic registration is about 400,000 higher than the Republican in a seven million total. Also, New York has a Conservative party which polled 130,000 in the last election, a Liberal party which polled nearly 300,000 and a substantial independent vote of unknown division. In short, a Republican running for President, senator or state office in New York has to attract a lot of Democratic votes if he wants to win. Keating has to run for re-election in 1964. So he has to make his pitch at the Democratic independent and liberal voters in New York. ABOUT THE only thing comparable to the Keating show is the series of joint broadcasts made to Pennsylvania by its two senators, Republican Hugh Scott and Democrat Joseph S. Clark. They really do a job of informing the voters of their state on party differences. They debate issues in the best interests of educating the public. Intelligent, independent voters think there should be more of this kind of informative discussion on both sides of the many controversial issues facing the country. The old-time partisan debate based on the theory that one party is always right and the other always wrong is long gone. Both parties are hopelessly divided between conservatives and liberals. So party labels no longer have any meaning. Qalesburg Register -Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street Galesburg, Hiinois rELKHHUNJl NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-6181 Entered "s Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg Illinois, under Act ot Congress oi M."r-h 3. 1879 Daily except Sunday^ Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow „ ..Editor and Genera! Manager M. H Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative- Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New Vorn Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles Philadelphia. Charlotte. MEMPER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES ;r in C 35c a By Carrier in City of Galesburg Week. By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 year $10.00 8 Months $3.80 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.28 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier in retail trading tone outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, lows and Missouri and by motor rout* tn retail trading zone. 1 Vear $13.00 3 Months $3.7S 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $1.28 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 Vear $18.00 3 Months 13.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month $2.00 Crossword Puzzzle Sailing Answer to Previous Ptmle ACROSS 5 Scion 6 Sheep 7 Wise man 8 Rainbow 9 Zoological (comb, form) 14 fiction 15 Unsound in lBoat trip 7 Fore-and-aft sail 13 Farm yPast; ^Present ' A time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up what is planted. — Eccl. 3:2. * • • Observe a method in the distribution of your time. Every hour will then know its proper employment, and no time will be lost. — Bishop Thomas Home. mind 16 Monsters 17 Gods 18 Swine genus 19 One of the Cyclades 20 Printer's measures 22 Roman bronze 23 Baptist lab.) 24 Moral 26 Even (contr) 27 Raced 28 Shellac source 29 Nitrogen (comb- form) 30 Epoch 31 Firmament 32 Small boat type 34 Southern general 35 Furnish with a crew 36 Injure 38 Pale 39 Center 40 Whale (comb, form) 42 Imagelike 44 Afghan language 47 Orange essence 48 Brush defense * (mil.) 49 Fabulous animal 50 Wild silk DOWN 1 Scolded 2 Hindu queen 3 Bearlike 4 Masculine name language 11 Impede (law) 12 Headland 18 Dry, as wine 21 Hull part 22 Primitive Japanese 32 Poke 23 Hold motionless 33 Pleasure craft (naut.) (pl.) 25 Misty 34 Intertwiner 26 English noble 35 Glycoprotein 28 Spanish 37 Networks province 38 Breeze 31 Spanish lady 39 Hawaiian city r D o M P A P A| A D A M 1 u EL G 1 l_ 1 KI E S 1 R D O Kl AT T O N e c o T T A e E. A c R E <5 E l_ A X A A M LIE A U F B E S O|M E C 1_ o V E R U E E RIE a K E. X E M E E S S S T R E E BB1 E T T E til E fcS P A l_ P s E £ u u M EK /1 E R E s O R A A N 1 S Nl 1 l_ S T A s s S E 41 Nonsense (Brit, slang) 43 Mixed drink . 44 Tap 45 Cameroon tribe 1 46 Seaman apprentices (ab.) N£W&PAPE$ .£NT££JPUS£ ASSN. i

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