Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 30, 1963 · Page 4
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July 30, 1963

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Tuesday, July 30, 1963
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4 Golesbu isfer-Mall. Golesbu 'Thercl Tuesdo 9 6 First Key By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NftA) now, the United States has insist* The ed ihmust have such inspections. two most important words to remember in connection with the new American-British-Russian nuclear test ban agreement are that this is admittedly just a "first slop" toward reduction of international tension and strengthening of peace. American officials emphasize that it would be wrong to think that initialing of this limited agreement indicates any new direction in Soviet foreign policy or the goals of international communism. While the treaty preamble proclaims that its principal aim is "achievement of an agreement on general and complete disarmament under strict international controls," that objective may not be realized for a long time. The treaty does not provide for inspection to verify blasts that might be of nuclear origin. Up to Russia has opposed inspections as spying. THE REASON given for what appears to be United vStates surrender on this point is that no on-site inspection is needed to detect tests in the atmosphere, in outer space or under water, which are. covered by the agreement. The United States, the United Kingdom and Soviet Russia can check on each other's clandestine testing by atmospheric measure* ment of radiation and fallout. Launching satellites into outer space is of course expensive, but it can be done if considered necessary to check on far-out nuclear testing. Seismographic, hydro-acoustic or even water sampling tests for radioactivity can effectively police underwater nuclear explosions. eluded in the nuclear test ban agreement to get around the present inability to detect it. A ban on underground testing is therefore deferred for later negotiation as an amendment to the treaty, after detection methods hftve been perfected by the scientists. FURTHER STEPS for making the new agreement effective may not be completed much before the end of this year. After the initialing will come the formal signing in Moscow. The treaty will then go before the United States Senate for hearings in which military and civilian leaders who fear that the United States is surrendering its security will have their say. After ratification by the Russian government, the British parliament and a two-thirds majority of the Senate, a proclamation signed 4 would put the agreement into full fofce. Other nations will then be given a chance to deposit their ratifications in Washington, London and Moscow. This provision will separate the from the bad. If the United good guys France, Red China, Underground testing was not in- by the three heads of government Arab Republic, Israel or any other country that has been reported toying with the development of its own nuclear force doesn't sign up, it will be identified as a bad hat. Signatory countries can then take such measures as they see fit to reform or isolate the rion- signers. Avoidance of nuclear weapons production by more nations is one of the principal purposes of the test ban treaty. The treaty may be amended on motion of one-third of the countries signing it, on approval by two-thirds of the signers. But the United States, Britain and Russia are given veto p6Kr6t #V6f amendments. Any country can withdraw from the agreement on three months 1 notice if it considers it* dtipremo interests have been jeopardised. Testing of weapons by A bad-* guy country might be considered such an excuse. These are major loopholes in the agreement. * THE IB -NATION conference on genera 1 dlsa rmamen t Is now scheduled to resume in Geneva, Switzerland, July 30. Ambassador Charles Stelle is the top U. S. negotiator. There is scant hope that this conference will immediately begin making progress on gradual arms reduction under full inspection. But it is hoped other limited agreements might be reached, preparing the way for general disarmament, one step at a time, many years ahead. It's slow business. Id War Educa tion Seems to Lack Reality IP' EDITORIAL By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN LAST WEEK I sat through a panel discussion of Cold War education at the Governors Conference in Miami Beach. Aside from the introduction by Gov. Farris Eryant of Florida of several aerial photographs of Fidel Castro's prison for political dissenters on the Isle of Pines, the panel moved on such a rarefied academic high level that it proved suffocating. Since the governors were hardly a hundred miles away from the Cold War reality of a thoroughly subverted and stricken Cuba, it is too bad that they did not avail themselves of the "education" that they might have gotten by mixing with some of the thousands of Cuban refugees who throng the Miami region. It may contribute to the education of high school students in Utah or North Carolina if the courses a bull going into the arena. No one can say eign Relations Committee and to a portion of in civics and American history just how or when the final blow will fall. But the Senate large enough to reject the Treaty." are laced with sturdy references one thing is certain — it will never leave the arena alive." the first of Wilson's errors in 1945 by appoinfc- The figure of speech is apt if hyperbolical. ing to the U. S. delegation to draw up the That's why the Kennedy administration has United Nations Charter Sen. Tom Connally, been sounding out key members of Congress, the powerful chairman of the Foreign Rela- particularly members of the Senate Foreign tions Committee, and his Republican opposite Relations and Armed Services committees number, Arthur H. Vandenberg (Mich.). Comment eview Treaties and the Senate "A treaty entering the Senate," a harass- Nations), which he had every reason to know ed Secretary of State once declared, "is like would be obnoxious to a majority of the For- President Truman avoided a repetition of to the principles of freedom. But 4 a strict diet of abstractions can put the young mind to sleep. The problem that none of the governors on the panel, with the exception of Gov. Bryant, seemed to recognizze was the one of conveying what it feels like to be faced with communism in the concrete. IT WOULD have been easy to remedy the panel deficiency by summoning, say, a couple of exiled Cuban court reporters who, from a Miami base, keep a strict monitoring watch on Havana radio broadcasts, or, better yet, some young Cubans who recently took a small boat back to their home island and tangled with some of Castro's militia. They had to kill a couple of militiamen to make their escape, and they performed the astounding feat of capturing two uniformed Castromen and bringing thef back to Florida. The U .S., naturally, returned the Castro- men to Havana. We don't believe in tweaking Castro's beard. The reality of the Cold War, as it is fought in southern Florida, is that our government isn't interested in helping anybody fight it. We reserve a cold malevolence for people who take the Cold War seriously. Helicopters keep close watch on suspicious looking small boats; to send agents into Cuba, the exiles have to contend not only with their enemies but with the organized police and military power of a great nation that should be on their side. The British in the Bahamas cooperate v/ith the U.S. Coast Guard and Navy in protecting Castro against intrusions, and the British even do a fair of trading with the classes were to be permitted to translate from the transcripts of the Cuban exiles' monitoring services" which keep track of every loud whisper to the south of us. The students might learn, for example, that it is Fidel Castro's tactics to refer to the build-up of a refugee military band in Nicaragua as something that is being promoted by partisans of the dead Dominican dictator Trujillo. (This is, of course, Fidel Castro's idea of a smear.) They might get some refracted news of the extensive Castro-aided communist campaign of terror being conducted in Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. The terror in Caracas, so the Castroites boast and the bearded tyrant who has been do- Cuban exiles lament, is even fur- communist FALN in Venezuela and ranchers to the south of Caracas now carry guns to bed with them, as the British settlers in Kenya did at the height of the Mau Mau disturbances. THIS IS the Cold War that did not obtrude into the governors' panel discussion at the Hotel Dcauville in Miami Beach save when Florida's Gov. Bryant brought out his pictures. The governors know that our official federal policy is to keep Americans from trading with Castro. But Gov. Romney of Michigan would have been interested to hear some of the refugees from Havana tell about auto repair parts, presumably of Michigan origin, reaching Cuba by way of Mexicana Airlines. ing his best to contribute to the subversion of the old colony of British Guiana not far over the southern horizon. WHAT A BOON to Cold War higl> education in American schools if the students in Spanish ther advanced than the very similar terror which the anti-Batista groups were sponsoring in Havana back in 1958. Bombings, the severing of pipe lines, the murder of good democrats, have become a nightly practice by the We need better and CIVICS American history courses in our high schools. But we need a breath of contemporary reality in the current events courses, too. Copyright 1963 JFK Violates Laws Banning Aid to Cuba and the Joint Atomic Energy Committee. Pri- The clause of the Constitution which regu- mary jurisdiction for an atomic test ban lates the making of treaties provides simply treaty of course lies with the Foreign Hela- that the President "shall have power, by and j tions Committee, which was shown a draft with the advice and consent of the Senate, to treaty on July 23. make treaties, provided two thirds of the Sen- Q U \y a By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - It is a serious charge, but the evidence is over' whelming: Administration officials have refused to implement federal laws that would curtail free world trade with Castro Secretary of State Dean Rusk a day ear- ators present concur" (Art. 1 II, Sec 2). This lier had been reported considering going to treaty-making power of. the Senate was to the signing ceremony in Moscow accompanied President Wilson that body's "treaty-marring by a bipartisan delegation from Congress. By so doing he would avoid at least partially one power. An ominous note was sounded on July 23 The statutes, passed last year as part of Public Law 87-872, were designed to cut off U. S. foreign aid to those nations that help keep the Cuban economy off the of the mistakes made by President Wilson in by Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen rocks. 1918. As Prof. George H. Haynes has pointed (111.), who said he would "guess a good many out: "As a publicist Woodrow Wilson had reservations would be presented" on the Sen- again and again emphasized the desirability ate floor to a test-ban treaty. INVESTIGATION by Congressman Mel Laird, Wisconsin Republican, uncovers the fact that nearly half a billion dollars in U. S. foreign aid has since been shipped to countries that supply Castro with strategic and other materials. The State Department does not deny that there are statues that permit cracking down on traffickers with Cuba. A department spokesman, Joseph Reap, has told reporters that the administration of the close and sympathetic cooperation be- in neither of the other nations parties to tween the President and the Senate in treaty- the treaty will it have to be presented to a making, and had stressed the President's op- legislature for ratification. Indeed, the re- portunity and duty to take the initiative in straints on a U. S. President's treaty power promoting intimate relations of mutual confi- are virtually unique. One may hope Ray Stan- dence. nard Baker was not prophetic when he wrote "But at the close of the World War not moe -than forty years ago: The deadlock be- only did he not place Senators as such liaison tween the Executive and the Senate every officers upon the commission which he took time wc face a really critical foreign problem with him to Paris, but he consented to, if he is intolerable. It not only disgraces us before did not personally instigate, an interweaving the nations, but in some future world crisis of the Treaty and Covenant of the League tof may ruin us. Acid Treatment Out for Gastritis By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Newspaper Enterprise Assn. NATO's Tank Troubles At the outset of the fighting in Korea in $500 million order necessary to replace, at 1950, the United States had no tank in the Far $250,000 apiece, the 2,000 outmoded U. S.- East capable of engaging the obsolescent Rus- made M-47s and M-48s the Germans now sian T-34. South Korean units, in fact, had no have. tanks of any description because the United Meanwhile, the United States is in the (In my article on kidney stones I mentioned a drug that dissolves certain types of stone. This drug, Rcnacidin, was found by the Food and Drug Administration not to be safe, and was withdrawn from the market. It is hoped that a chemically related but safer drug will soon be found to take its place). Q — My doctor says my stomach doesn't put out any acid. He has had me taking weak hydrochloric acid for 14 years. Will I A The most common cause States was determined to show the world that process of equipping its forces in Europe with ]lave {Q take jt a y my jj£ e? its intentions in Korea were nonaggressive. the 50-ton M-«0 tank. But the New York Her- The heavily armored fist of the North Korean aid Tribune directs attention to reports that invaders smashed through the ROK lines West Germany may provide the United States challenged only by suicide squads with satch- with Standard Panzers to be turned over to el charges. Soon what the Germans call other NATO allies. Almost lost in the turmoil "panzer fever" seized the defenders. What- over Franco-German manufacturing rivalries ever chance the numerically superior ROK and the possible impact of the tank competi- Cancer of the stomach also caus- army had of handling the invasion without tion on U. S. balance of payments is the question of which tank of the three is best capable of stomach acid is chronic gastritis. After several years this usually leads to anemia. Anemia even without gastritis may be associated with absence of acid. Amer The dismal of halting Communist armor. N Part ners Armor could hardly prove decisive in any European ground war. Even so, more than usual significance attaches to the current development of tanks by France and Germany. Five years ago the two nations joined to develop a "Europa" tank capable of facing the Russian T-54, Experts from each country worked on their own models separately. But when the time came to combine the host features of the two, the disagreement on its specifications became irreconcilable. France recently displayed its model, called the A MX, a 82.5-ton model capable of 43 mile-an-hour r speed. • Now the Germans are preparing to un- Important Meal NEW ORLEANS ilJPP - Space exploration has made the engineer and the scientist full and active partners, a National Aeronautics and Space Administration <NASA> spokesman told a recent meeting of the American Institute ot Chemical Engineers. Space probes, plus the complex supporting work on earth, draw the needs and interests of engineers and scientists closer together and the "once firm lines of demarcation between the various specialties are fading/* said Thomas Dixon, NASA deputy associate administrator. es absence of acid but if you had this disease your doctor would have had your stomach removed long ago. Although dilute hydrochloric acid was used for many years to treat persons with gastritis and no acid in the stomach, there is no evidence that this does any good and the practice has been largely discontinued. If you have anemia with your gastritis it would seem more appropriate to treat this condition. (} — I have been told that I have narcolepsy and that there is no cure for it. What causes it and what is the outcome? an overpowering desire to sleep which can, however, be fought off for a short while to an uncontrollable lapse into sleep that may come on when one in engaged in talking, standing, playing cards, or any other normal activity. Since an attack may come on while the victim is driving an auto, such a person should not drive. In some persons the sleep is so light that touching the sleeper or calling his name will rouse him but others cannot be awakened. Since they may fall from a standing or sitting position while in a public place, they may be taken to a hospital. This is a great annoyance as there is nothing to be done but release the victim when he comes to. The outlook is favorable in that, unless one is doing something hazardous when the attack comes on, the condition in no way shortens life. In some persons it can be controlled by taking large doses of amphetamine (obtainable^ only on a physician's prescription ). Tranquilizers should be avoided as they have been found to make the condition worse. Is it possible for daily ex- jwsure to cigar smoke to cause lung cancer? I do not smoke myself. A — Although the evidence of a causative relationship between smoking and lung cancer is mounting steadily, it is still not yell, probably early in August, their 40-ton, 40*oul£-an-hour model, called the Standard Panzer- Bonn is expected to put the tank into production no later than September. German |Jjdu*truili3t5 are happy at the prospect of a FARGO, N .D. (UPD-The greatest number of auto accidents happen between 11 a.m. and noon, says the North Dakota State University College of Agriculture. It attributes this mostly to inadequate breakfasts, which tend to neate fatigue and irritation. A — In a few persons with nar- conclusively proved and other fac- colepsy there may be an epileptic tors undoubtedly play a contribu- factor. This can be proved or dis- tory part. There proved by having a brain wave correlation betwe tracing electroencephalogram. In others there may be an inflammation or other organic disease, in the brain. But in most victims is a greater ween lung cancer smoking than be- others there may be an inflam- tween lung cancer and cigar smoking and there is no significant correlation between exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke and hopes to use "persuasion" and not "pressure" to end Cuban trade. Twenty-seven nations who ride the U. S. gravy train have yet, however, to be persuaded. There are two statutes designed to end the Cuban trade. The first flatly bans any U. S. aid to a "country which permits any ships under its registry to carry to Cuba" petroleum or other strategic materials. IN THE FIRST six months of 1963, tankers from the United Kingdom, Greece, Italy, and Norway carried oil to Cuba. The Executive is given no discretionary authority. Under the law, U. S. aid must immediately be cut off. What happened? As of March 9, the United Kingdom had received $6.2 million in aid since the statute went into effect; Greece, $97 million; Norway, $41.2* million, and Italy, $87,000. The second restriction denies lid to any country that permits ships under its registry to enter Cuban ports with goods of any kind. The President is given authority to waive this provision if, in reports to appropriate committees of House and Senate, he deems it to be in the national interest. THE EVIDENCE indicates, however, that President Kennedy has deemed to ignore this particular statute too. Inquiry made of the Congressional committees shows that no Presidential report required under law has been forwarded from the White House. Representative Laird insists the President is violating the "law of the land" in not enforcing statutes passed by Congress and signed by his own hand. The Constitution, he feels, is clear: "The Constitution, and the laws of the United States, which shall be made in pursuance thereof. . . shall be the supreme law of the land." The White House has no comment on the charges by Rep. Laird. CONGRESSMAN * Frank Bow, Ohio Republican, is upset over the growing practice of radio and TV stations to sign off not with the "Star-Spangled Banner" but "Hail to the Chief," instead. He quotes figures showing that more than 160 stations across the nation now use a recently-recorded version of "Hail to the Chief," the 150-year-old Presidential sa­ fer and his followers from continue to Democratic win approval strategists. The Democratic National Committee has rushed off the presses a special edition of its official publication, the Democrat, devoted entirely to the ' 'radical right." Prominently displayed are Rockefeller's attacks on his fellow Republicans. Rocky wins the kudos, too, of labor big-shots, who call, his attack on "radical subversives" a "national service of the highest order." He wins the praise in this latest issue of AFL-CIO News. Copyright 1963 (Jalesburg Register -Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBEH Register-Mail Exchange 312-6161 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under &ct of Congress of Mnrrh 3. 1879. Daily except Sunday, Ethei Custer SchmJth Publisher Charles Morrow _„ Editor and Genera] Manager M. H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H, H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated. New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco, Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEh ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP new? dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a week. By UFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Veai * 10.00 8 Months f3.S0 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.25 No mail subscriptions accepted in towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier in retail trading zone outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route In retail trading zone. I * ea * $ 13 «00 3 Months §3.71 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $1.25 By mail outside n lino is, Iowa Missouri 1 Year $18.00 6 Months $ 0.50 3 Months $5.00 1 Month 12.00 Crossword Puzzzle Antiwar to Previous Puzzle their Lester no cause can be found. The manifestations vary from lung cancer. in, society bandleader and a favorite of the First Lady. N E L S O N ROCKEFELLER'S frontal attacks on Barry Goldwa- ACROSS 1 Cathedral church 4 Patriarch of Alexandria 8 Husband of Eve 12 Labor group (ab.) 13 Protection 14 Row 15 Courtesy title 16 Gilts 18 Abode 20 Measures of land 21 Jellylike material 22 Poker staled 24 Wolfhound 26 Fruit decay 27 Masculine , nickname 30 Go away) 32 Low herb 34 Malign gazer 35 Colorless gas 36 Letter 37 Weights of India 39 Large plant* 40 Suffix 41 Footlike part 42 Depress 45 Wards off, as. a blow 49 King Arthur 's queen -51 Mouths 52 Gaelic 53 Cuckoo blackbird* M Nothing 55 Deceased £S Depots (ab.) $7 Mariner's direction DOWN 1 Circular plate 3 Hoa^epxife 3 Legal . documents 4 Bicycle part 5 Eager 6 Pertaining to a pine cone 7 King of Judah (Bib.) 8 Girl's name 9 Clothing stylist 10 British princess 11 Disorder 17 Gossip 19 Singing voice 23 Straits 24 Efficient 25 Dregs 26 Basque cap 27 Antipathies 28 Smooth * E FT QHQffll miam I nana HPRIEl i T 0 29 Unfettered 31 Cuddle 33 Musteline mammal 38 Prostrate 40 Lambed 41 Iron 42 Old • 43 Faultless 44 Galileo's birthplace 46 Operatic sole 47 Goddess of discord 48 Bargain event SO Surety KEWSMPEit CNTEKPAISB ASSN.

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