Home Paper of 70 Communities Qalesburg Register-Mail Fair, Warmer Tonight Low 45 Sunny, Warm Saturday High 70s A Better Newtpaper VOLUME LXXXII — 106 GALES BURG, ILLINOIS 61401 — FRIDAY, MAY 4, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS Haig Named to Nixon Staff, Senate Interrogates Aides Martha Mitchell WASHINGTON (UPI) President Nixon picked Gen. Alexander M. Haig Jr. today to serve as temporary chief of the White House staff while Senate investigators questioned Nixon's two top former aides about the Watergate bugging case and any cover up of it. Word of the President's choice of Haig, Army vice chief of staff, for the critical post came from Florida, where Nixon is spending the weekend, while H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman were submitting to a second day of testimony before separate investigators. The two deposed White House aides, who underwent lengthy questioning Thursday by a federal grand jury, said today Segretti Is Indicted, Sex they were sure any suspicions of any presidential knowledge of the Watergate affair would be dispelled "when the truth is fully'known." White House sources said the 49-year-old Haig.would serve on an interim basis, taking over many of the duties that Haldeman held until he resigned Monday as chief of staff. However, Nixon does not intend to give anyone the broad powers that Haldeman wielded, sources said. Haig was Nixon's No. 2 national security adviser until January, when he was given a promotion from two-star to four-star general by the President. He Will return to his military job after helping the President rebuild the riddled top level of the White House staff. The grand jury which heard Haldeman and Ehrlichman Thursday convened late this morning while Frederick C. LaRue, 44, who was an assistant to John N. Mitchell when the latter was director of the Nixon re-election campaign, met with federal attorneys, apparently before being called to testify. Following publication of a public opinion survey indicating that half of those questioned believed Nixon knew of efforts to cover up the Watergate, Ehrlichman and Haldeman were asked if they felt such suspicions would be dispelled in time. "I know that when the truth is fully known, this matter will be cleared up to everyone's satisfaction," Haldeman told a crowd of reporters. A reporter asked: "Including any suspicion concerning the President —that will be dis pelled as well?" "Of course —without any question," Haldeman, Nixon's former chief of staff, replied. Ehrlichman, former Nixon domestic adviser,' chimed in, "Let me join in that." The meeting took place in the offices of a special Senate committee created to conduct an independent investigation of the Watergate case, as well as other political spying. The| committee had headquarters on the first floor of the gleaming, white marble New Senate Office Building, named for the late Sen. Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois. The two former top aides to President Nixon made separate appearances before the grand jury Thursday at the federal courthouse a few blocks away —Ehrlichman for four hours while Haldeman "twiddled his thumbs" waiting for a one-hour appearance. Both said they testified freely before the grand jury and said they would be just as coopera tive with investigators for the Senate committee which plans public, televised hearings start ing in about 10 days on political espionage. Haldeman and Ehrlichman resigned Monday along with White House legal counsel John W. Dean following allegations that all three were involved in either planning or attempted cover-up of the plot. In other Watergate developments: A special Gallup poll taken by telephone after the White House resignations and Nixon's speech on Monday showed that 50 per cent of 456 persons questioned thought Nixon "participated in a cover-up of the Watergate situation" (35 per cent said no.) Forty per cent (Continued on Page 15) Tearful Martha Charge r«f A rtT »T»Ty-1 m/-fc».T /Ttr»T \ T"% 'Knows Naught 9 NEW YORK (UPI) - Martha Mitchell, sitting at the head of a long coJfer^»c!ft v table surrounded by 1 a ? dozen attorneys, clutched a small Bible and said "not a word about the Watergate affair," an attorney said Thursday. The wife of former Attorney General John N. Mitchell, testified for nearly three hours Thursday in the Democratic Party's civil suit against the Watergate conspirators, but refused to discuss what "she had learned in her husband- wife relationship," attorney Henry Rothblatt said. The testimony was expected to be released to the public today. Rothblatt, lawyer for convicted Watergate conspirator James McCord, was one of 12 attorneys who took deposition testimony from Mrs. Mitchell, who once said she could "tell plenty about the Watergate scandal." She "knows nothing about Watergate, not a word," Rothblatt said, "and she would not be a party to it if she knew. She was very frank, very candid, and in her own very colorful and without sophistication." Mrs. Mitchell stood on the top steps of the townhouse which holds Rothblatt's offices and told newsmen her husband said he was not involved in the bugging of Democratic Party headquarters. With tears in her eyes, she said quietly, "He has always assured me he has not been involved. I trust he had nothing to do with it. I pray to God he had nothing to do with the dirty business." Three hefty unidentified men fought through the mass of ^turned reporters and photographers to make way for Mrs. Mitchell, but in the end she faced the press alone. A bit nervously she told newsmen, "I have a lot of jokes to tell Mr. Rothblatt." When asked if the Watergate forced her husband out of what she once called "the dirty business of politics," she said, "It doesn't matter now. All the crooks are out." She would not elaborate. WASHINGTON (UPI) - Don aid H. Segretti, a Los Angeles lawyer frequently, mentioned in Watergate investigations, was indicted by a federal grand wav |jury today on charges of Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS Abingdon 14 Amusement -,— 6 Bushnell 5 Churches 8 Classified Ads ..24-25-26-27 Comics-Radio - 20 Editorial 4 Galva 5 28 PAGES Hospital Notes 15 Knoxville 14 Markets 21 Monmouth 12 Obituary 15 Sports - 18-19 TV 9-10 Women In The News . 7 distributing a phony letter on stationery of Sen. Edmund S. Muskie attacking two foes in last year's Florida Democratic presidential primary. The indictment against Se gretti, alleged to have recruited agents for Widespread political espionage against the Democrats in 1972, was returned by a grand jury in Orlando, Fla. Outgoing Attorney General Richard G. Kleindienst announced the action in Washington and said the indictment was the U.S. District Court in Orlando. The first count of the indictment charged that Segret ti, 28, and George A. Hearing of Tampa,, Fla., published and distributed the letter during Muskie's unsuccessful campaign in Florida. The letter was written on stationery bearing Muskie's picture and campaign emblem and accused Sens. Henry Jackson, D-Wash., and Hubert H. Humphrey, D-Minn., two of Muskie's foes, of sexual misconduct. The letter was instantly disclaimed by the Muskie camp. An investigation into the letter had been closed by the Justice Department, the newspaper said, but new information had been gathered subsequently. The controversial letter was mailed from St. Petersburg just prior to the March 14 presidential sweepstakes involving 11 Democratic candidates. Gas Station Owners Receive Senate Aid WASHINGTON (UPI) - A group of senators asked President Nixon today to force gasoline refineries to supply all their old customers lest a gas shortage put 40,000 independent stations out of business to the detriment of competition. Under an amendment to the Economic Stabilization Act- opposed by the administration and the oil industry but signed into law by Nixon Monday night —the President has power to require major refiners to allocate gasoline, crude oil and petroleum products among all their former customers. Sen. Philip A. Hart, D-Mich., chairman of the Senate antitrust subcommittee, said independent stations, which sell about a fifth of all gasoline, are being forced out of business everyday by the shortage of gasoline. Once closed, they rarely can reopen, he said. He sought co-signers among his colleagues for a letter which is to go to Nixon Monday. Soi far, 14 have signed it. Independent dealers help to hold down inflation through their competitive pricing, the letter said. "The extent to which they are being crippled is even now evident in the rapidly rising prices," the letter said. "If the present shortages are allowed to eliminate these businessmen, not only will management and employes from 40,000 stations be thrown out of work but the gasoline market will be domi nated by only a handful of major integrated oil companies." Hart said independents are especially important in the Midwest and account for half the gas stations in Kansas City. He said the Michigan Dealers Association estimates that a fifth of all urban stations in Michigan have already closed because of short supplies from the big refiners. Sen. Frank E. Moss, D-Utah, chairman of the Senate consumer subcommittee, introduced a bill Thursday to make it illegal for refiners to refuse to sell to independent retailers or jobbers or to raise prices for them but not for their own stations. He plans hearings next month. According to his staff, Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., planned a similar bill plus a measure requiring refiners seeking import licenses to maintain reasonable supplies and prices for independents. Signing Hart's letter to Nixon were Democrats Thomas Eagleton, Mo.; Sam J. Ervin Jr., N.C.; William D. Hathaway, Maine; Harold E. Hughes, Iowa; Hubert H. Humphrey, Minn.; Daniel K. Inouye, Hawaii; Kennedy; Moss; Gaylord Nelson, Wis.; John O. Pastore, R.I.; Adlai E. Stevenson III, 111., and Republicans Edward J. Guerney, Fla.j and Jacob K. Javits, N.Y. Ellsberg Judge Receives Secret Watergate T ranscript Skylab Astronauts The first crew of astronauts that will man America's Skylab space station climbed aboard their Apollo ferry ship today and rehearsed the countdown for their May 15 blastoff. The Skylab space station, which will support men in space for 20 weeks this year, will be blasted into a 269-miIe- high orbit May 14. Astronauts Charles "Pete!' Conrad, (front), Paul Weitz and Dr. Joseph P. Kerwin will rendezvous with it a day later. UNIFAX LOS ANGELES (UPI) - The judge presiding, at the Pentagon Papers trial, determined to find out if the government used illegal evidence to prosecute Daniel Ellsberg, has obtained 37 pages of secret Watergate testimony which he could make public. The Justice Department was bringing here today the transcript of testimony given Wednesday by Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt before the grand jury in Washington, D.C., which is investigating the affair. U.S. District Court Judge Matt Byrne has made it clear he intends to get to the bottom of a burglary of the office of Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist by Hunt and fellow Watergate conspirator E. Gordon Liddy. The government, at the relentless urging of Byrne, has furnished him memos, FBI summaries of interviews, and lists of documents pertaining to an independent White House investigation of the leak of the top secret study of the Vietnam war. In many cases, the judge has turned the documents over to the defense, which in turn has made them public. This could happen with the Hunt testimony which evidently also concerns the burglary. Judge Byrne has warned the prosecution he will dismiss the espionage - conspiracy-theft charges against Ellsberg and Anthony J. Russo, or declare a mistrial, if any of the evidence used by the government was obtained illegally. Further, Byrne warned Prosecutor David Nissen that it was the "burden of the government" to dispel any doubts about use of such "tainted" evidence. It has yet to be shown, however, that the information gathered in the burglary, if any, was known to the Justice Department attorneys preparing the case against Ellsberg. Fighter - Bomber Crashes, Cambodian Airliner Shelled PHNOM PENH (UPI) - A U.S. A7 Corsair jet fighter- bomber crashed into a crowded military barracks area and bust into flames tonight about 200 yards off the runway at Phnom Penh's Pochentong Airport, the control tower said. Heavy casualties were feared. At least four persons were known hurt but the toll on the ground was expected to go higher. Reports from the airport said one of the crewmen bailed out over the outskirts of Phnom Penh and the other parachuted into the area where the plane crashed and burned. The second man was reported injured. The crash came shortly after military sources said a Commu nist mortar shell struck a Cambodian commercial airliner as it was taking off from the southern Cambodian city of Kampot Thursday, killing three passengers and wounding eight others. The plane was operated by Hansa, a private internal airline. The control tower at Pochen tong identified the American plane as an A7 Corsair jet. The Tower said the plane crashed about 5:20 p.m. apparently while trying an emergency landing. Informed military sources said the American plane was based at Korat airbase in Thailand. They said one of the injured pilots was flown on a C130 transport plane tonight r bound for a military hospital in bangkok. A witness to the Corsair crash said two U.S. jets were coming into the airport and when the first aircraft crashed, the second circled the airfield and flew off. The jet burned on impact in a barracks area used by Cambodian Army engineers and their families. Fire trucks and ambulances raced to the crash scene and the witness said at least four persons were taken to a hospital with injuries. The airport, Cambodia's largest which serves both as a military and commerical airstrip, had been closed to commercial traffic at the time of the crash. It was believed that the jet tha,t crashed tonight was piloted by a U.S. Marine* airman based in Thailand. The Pochentong control tower said it was not immediately determined whether the plane was trying an emergency landing caused by a mechanical failure. It presumably had been on a bombing mission over Cambodia. All of the victims fn Thursday's airliner shelling were passengers, sources said. They gave no further details and said preliminary reports did not indicate if the mortar attack caused the plane to crash. Farther south, U.S. Air Force transport planes today were reported parachuting ammunition and supplies into a town surrounded by Communist troops and officials in Phnom Penh called the situation there critical. One C130 transport, military sources said, mistakenly parachuted four loads of ammunition and supplies into Communist hands as it was trying to resupply the besieged city of Phnom Den, located near the border with South Vietnam about 100 miles south of Phnom Penh. The sources said American jet fighter-bombers were called in to attack the area where the supplies fell. Communists fired more than 300 rounds of mortar shells into Phnom Den, which the sources said was surrounded early Thursday. Meanwhile, the Cambodian high command said today that heavy fighting continued around Takeo, a provincial capital 55 miles south of Phnom Penh, the target of Communist attacks for more than a month. Communist attacks on Highway 2 near Takeo cost the government one dead and six wounded, the command spokesman said. He said clashes between government forces and the Communists continued through Thursday night. In Honolulu, the U.S. Pacific Command said American war- planes bombed and strafed in support of Cambodian ground troops again Thursday, but as usual it issued no details. In Phnom Penh, sources said another convoy would try to make the voyage up the Mekong river early next week, ferrying in vitial supplies and ammunition. Most of the road and water routes into the capital have been cut or threatened by Communists. A convoy of 196 trucks and 65 trailers arrived in Phnom Penh from the seaport of Kompong Som arrived Wednesday in the capital and, a military spokesman said, was not fired upon.
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