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Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Tuesday, July J 6> , 974 "Just Like It Says on TV — Delicious!' Earl Warren io« Earl Warren left California in 1953 to take up his new duties as chief justice of the Supreme Court, he declared: "The Supreme Court is the interpreter and the defender of the Constitution. If through the years its work is well done, the home of every American will always be his castle, every human life will have dignity, and there will forever be but one law for all men." In retrospect this assessment can be seen as summing up the major thrust of the court during Warren's 16 years as its leader and guiding spirit. The Warren court was concerned above all with equal justice. The tone of a remarkable series of rulings made under his leadership was set soon after his arrival in Washington. Writing fora unanimous court in Brown vs. Board of Education in May 1954, Chief Justice Warren said: "We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal..." Warren himself disputed the common view that the school desegregation ruling was the most important handed down while he was chief justice. He felt that a series of reapportionment rulings — those based on the one man-one vote doctrine — comprised the most significant accomplishment of the Warren court. That may be; certainly the subsequent redistricting in all the states has had a profound effect on the political balance of power. Those cases had to do with equality as between majority and minority racial groups, and as between rural and urban voters. The equality touchstone also was applied in other areas of concern. The Warren Court made notable strides, too, with regard" to equal treatment of criminal defendants. Their rights, not only in federal but also in state proceedings, were vigorously affirmed through a number of landmark decisions. These advances were not universally admired; far from it. Objections to the Supreme Court's drive to extend the concept of equality were so strong that Warren, seen as the symbol of these changes, was publicly excoriated as few chief justices have been. "Impeach Earl Warren" signs became common, especially, in the deep South. Yet over the years the Warren Court's decisions, which still essentially prevail, have gained very widespread acceptance. Though Earl Warren will be remembered primarily as one of the nation's ablest chief justices, it should be remembered that he had a long and distinguished political career before going to Washington. History will place him, we think, among a handful of the most influential Americans of the 20th century. Peking Relations The notion that diplomatic recognition of a government implies approval of that government is being ignorantly raised again in some quarters with regard to China. This casts one's thoughts back to the hullabaloo that arose in the 1930s when Washington undertook full diplomatic relations with Moscow. The fact is that opening such relations with a government cannot be taken to indicate either approval or disapproval. In large part it is based on acknowledgement of that government's legitimacy. Moreover, for practical purposes "legitimate" is understood to mean that the government in question is effectively in control of the nation it purports to govern. One has only to look about the world to see that with few exceptions these are the operating principles involved in diplomatic recognition. There is no hullabaloo now; the recognition-means-approval sentiment as to China is muted. To the extent that people are so persuaded, however, this view is harmful. It beclouds the important question whether the time has not come to extend full diplomatic recognition to the government in Peking. We think the time has come, and welcome Sen. Henry M. Jackson's proposal to this effect. We agree with him that "there are many areas in which American interests parallel those of the Chinese," and maintain that in any case it would be sensible to exchange fully accredited ambassadors with the government of the most populous nation on Earth. Upon his return from a visit to China, Jackson spoke of what amounts to an absurdity: though the United States has a full-fledged embassy in the capital of Taiwan, there is only a liaison office in Peking to correspond to the Chinese liaison office in Washington. We concur in his view that this situation should be reversed, since it is clearly the leaders in Peking who govern China. Advice Ex-Wife, Friend Lives With Him By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: My sister-in-law is a very self-centered person. She left her husband (my brother) after 25 years of marriage, to marry a gigolo-type man. This caused my brother to have a nervous breakdown, during which time she never came near him to offer sympathy or help to her former mate, who would have died had it not been for us — his sisters and brothers. This faithless wife even gave custody of their 15-year-old son to her husband, saying the boy was a nuisance. Now, after several years of ignoring my brother, this terrible woman AND her gigolo husband have fallen on hard times, so they came to my brother, who offered to share his home with them. Free room and board he's giving these worthless people! They have been there for several months now, and my brother will not permit any interference from any of his family. Have you ever heard of a former husband permitting an erring wife and the man who broke up his marriage to be permanent guests in his home? He has no pride, apparently. Could his breakdown have addled his brain? My brother holds down a responsible, high caliber job. BEWILDERED DEAR BEWILDERED: If your brother's brain were "addled," he couldn't be holding down a high caliber job. But addled or not, it's his home and his decision — not yours — so stay out of it. DEAR ABBY: What do you suggest for a non-sexist salutation in a business letter? Obviously, "Dear Sir" is inappropriate; "To Whom It May Concern" is too verbose; "Greetings" connotes induction into the armed forces. To further true equality, especially in this male-dominated business world, a new vocabulary is necessary. MS. W. DEAR MS. W.: I offer, for your consideration, the unimaginative "Sir or Madam." (Too lacking in warmth and courtesy?) or, "Attention." (Or does that suggest "Achtung!" the German command?) "To Whom It May Concern" may be verbose, but it is non-sexist and conveys precisely what the writer has in mind, which is still communication at its best. DAILY TIMES HERALD 508 North Court Street • Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. DEAR ABBY: Who is right? Here is the situation: My husband of three years, my in-laws and I were having supper at our house. My husband said to me, "Honey, will you please get me some more water?" I said to him, "God gave you two strong legs. If you want more water, get it yourself, dear." (We all work fulltime.) His mother immediately jumped up from the table and got him some more water. I said nothing at the table, but later I told my husband that I didn't think his mother should intercede in a two-way discussion between him and me. I love and respect my mother-in-law, but I am curious as to what you think of this. THE WIFE DEAR WIFE: Your mother-in-law should have ignored the exchange between your husband and you, but since she didn't, you shouldn't have made a big deal out of it. She probably acted out of habit. (Mothers are easily trained.) CONFIDENTIAL TO UNCLE HENRY: No horse can go as fast as the money you bet on him. a By Joanne Koch For a family that makes a lot of noise, we don't get much communicating done — at least not when the kids are around. That's why we jumped at the chance to play "The Ungame". You see one of the rules of the game requires members to keep absolutely silent unless it's their turn. Our kids had to be reminded of this rule several times. Finally, they had so much difficulty restraining themselves while a player tossed the dice and drew .from the pile of questions that we made up a new rule. Each of the players could write down what they thought the other player would say. I wish we didn't have to play a game to find out what members of our family think and feel. But I remember asking some of the questions Rhea Zakitch thought up for the game when she invented it for her own family. "What is your favorite food? If you could become invisible, where would you like to go? What is your favorite sport?" As with the question: "What did you do at school today?" the answers were often superficial, lost in a battle over the garlic bread, or overridden by the most aggressive or talkative member of the family. In the game setting, the kids actively listened to the other person — something we rarely get them to do in ordinary conversation. And many of the questions in the non-competitive "Ungame" are more provocative or profound than ones we have a chance to ask at the dinner table. When summer bike riding and baseball have the kids tearing out of the house, dessert in hand, who can ask: How do you feel when you are alone? What do you think it's like after you die? Share three things that you are thankful for. What does America mean to you? How do you feel about growing old? These are questions that produce revealing and often surprising answers around the game board. I learned that Lisa had strong, positive feelings about being an American, in spite of Watergate, that Rachel wasn't afraid of dying, that the love of the family was not something the kids simply took for granted (as we often thought) but something they cherished. Questions like: "What turns you off?" and: "What would you do if you had a magic wand?" gave me a chance to share dislikes and desires, without lecturing. The "penalties" in this game are very mild. A player can land on a box that says: "If you were not patient today — go to the dumps," or: "If you felt envy this week, go to left field." In the course of the game, we all had to go to the dumps or left field, giving the kids a chance to admit to unpleasant feelings while seeing that mom and dad owned up to some of the same human weaknesses. At $7.95, "The Ungame", produced by AuVid, Inc. of Garden Grove, Calif., is definitely not a ripoff. We've spent $7.95 at the movies or McDonalds or the toy store — without sharing a significant thought or feeling. JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the actof March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed In this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ 60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per year $23.00 All Other Mail in the United States, per year $27.00 BERRY'S WORLD © 1974 by NEA, Inc.' "/ liked it better back in the days when all you had to fear was fear itself!" Viewpoint ^—^—__^^MBMBMB^H^ Costly Rest Home By Tom Tiede WASHINGTON - (NEA) - When New York Congressman Mario Biaggi began debating the wisdom of nuclear proliferation the other day, his colleagues on the floor of the House of Representatives responded to the gravity of the subject with characteristic carelessness. They clogged the aisles, turned their backs, laughed, dozed, or picked their noses while reading from their laps. The gavel interrupted Biaggi three times for "order in the House", but there was no order nor, perhaps, good sense. In human times best and generously described as uncertain, the Congress of the United States displays little official concern. At the time Biaggi was speaking to the deaf, the Senate chamber across the way was yawning through the business of the day with but 5 of 100 members present. Veterans here say the situation is not unusual, that the floors are always rowdy and business usually left undone. But precedent does not legitimize sloth; and indeed, what's wrong and risky in times past is even more negligent in times present. What with Watergate, inflation and daily predictions of worldwide doom, a lazy legislature is no longer a Will Rogers gag but a roadblock to the way out. "When I'm asked about Congress," says Rep. Ed Koch (D.— N.Y.), "I say it's doing a lousy job." Indeed. And seldom so lousy as now. Though some 44 states have passed nearly 70 laws reforming political campaigning, the Congress has done nothing. Though millions realize immediate legislation is needed to regulate land use in the nation, Congress collecthvely is not interested. Though Rep. Martha Griffiths warns that unless the rise of food prices does not abate there may be 60 million eligible for welfare by 1976, Congress slumbers over the subject. Not long ago a bill was introduced in the House to allow voter registration by mail; it was pure and simple and would have helped the poor, the elderly and eventually the nation, but it went down like a stone in the Potomac. Although much of this filure is hidden Homemalcing in small paragraphs in the public prints, the public is not unaware. Opinion polls indicate that nearly two of three citizens are negative about Congress. So deep is the resentment, in fact, there is growing talk of a forming voter rebellion. Several anti-vote and anti-Congress groups have already surfaced in the nation and some politicos are mumbling of the day, perhaps in November, "when they hold an election and nobody comes." The rationale of the non-vote is given by a Californian named Sy Leon, a libertarian and founder of the League of Non-Voters. He believes Americans should realize they are better than their government and show their contempt by boycotting the polls. That way, with only a few voting, presidents and congressmen could not govern under the guise of mandate, and would, it says here, be less likely to function in an absent, arrogant or asinine legislative manner. The theory, intellectually flawed, also has the historic American taint of patriotic heresy about it. Yet it is a fact that to some extent the voter rebellion has already begun. Leon reminds that 60 million of the 144 million eligible voters did not cast ballots in 1972. He says also that the recent California primary was conducted with only 47.3 per cent of the eligible voters (down from 62.2 per cent in 1970). Ignorance accounts for some of this, no doubt, but surely dissatisfaction and frustration does, too. Clearly, even many of those who do vote are fed up. And if they looked more closely at their Congress, they might throw up. Rep. Charles Wiggins (R-Calif.) was saying here recently that "People's wants are irrational — they want high quality service at nc cost." What garbage. The people are paying $300 billion a year for service including a half billion to the legislative branch and more than $6 billion to the Executive Office; that's more thar. enough to expect a little less wind and a lot more substance from this negligent town. Harm Fruit Trees By Polly Cramer POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — We live on five acres in the country but do no farming. However, our fruit trees have been damaged by the spray from farm chemical spray planes. There has been so much wind this year that the spray used on neighboring farms has drifted on to our trees. None will produce because of it. We would appreciate any ideas for next year. — Connie. DEAR POLLY - When crocheting or knitting with dark yarn I put a white towel on my lap and find it a great help in seeing the stiches. — MRS. J.B.F. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is with the manufacturers of dresses who make them very short and put in such little hems they cannot be made longer. Perhaps they do not realize that there are decent girls left who do not like to wear their dresses up to their fannies. I am too small for misses' sizes and cannot find any in the 7-11 juniors that come down to the knees. I know many who feel the same. The makers are losing a lot of business while saving on a little material.—MRS. M.H. DEAR POLLY — I am answering Mrs. H. who gets upset when she orders a drink for her two-year-old'and-it-is served in a tall glass, full to the top. I suggest that she carry a few drinking straws and slip one of them into the glass. Also, hold the glass while the child takes the first few sips for fewer chances of spills. This certainly works better than trying to pour some of the drink into another glass. — NETTIE. DEAR POLLY — Have you ever wished for a third hand? When I empty the wastebaskets I take a large garbage bag, slide some of the open end over the top of a drawer and close the drawer slightly. Then I need only one hand to hold the bag out as I empty the contents of a basket into it. There is no danger of spilling things on the floor and no struggling with the plastic bag. This has saved me a lot of trouble and I think if you try it you will like it. —ANNE. DEAR POLLY - I used to have trouble getting hold of material to make woven pot holders. Then I discovered that using my old damaged by colorful tights was great for this. I wash them, cut them into Vz-inch strips, slip the strips on my loom. The edges curled under neatly when pulled. They are very neat and pretty and make nice gifts.—GINA.9. Health Weight Problems By Lawrence E. Lamb, IV1.D DEAR DR. LAMB — I hope you have some advice for people like me. I was fascinated that you consider 1,300 calories a day as low. I've belonged to TOPS International for years and in that time I've seen many women who lose weight on 1,300 calories either fast or slow. There are many of us who eat less to maintain our weight and much less in order, to lose. I eat 1,000 to 1,200 to stay the same weight and only 90010 lose weight very slowly. I'm female, small boned, 32, five feet six and weigh 148 pounds. A blood thyroid test proved slightly low but didn't warrant medication. I'm reasonably active and eat balanced meals. I'm always tired. I get up tired and must push myself at all times. Is there any hope for people like me? Must we struggle on, fat, tired and hungry? All we have to look forward to is additional and more difficult dieting as we grow older. DEAR READER — Small women do have a problem in preventing or eliminating obesity. The problem is that your body doesn't use many calories. The main use of calories, unless you are very active, is to run your body at rest (basal metabolism). Energy is required to move chemicals through cells. The movement of chemicals is the main use of calories. Right here is the neglected part of weight control. Your muscles use more calories at rest for this than fat tissue. If you have a lot of muscles, you will use more calories just sitting than you will if most of your body weight is fat. Small women, even if they are active, often fail to develop enough muscle. How much energy you use at rest is affected by disease, and a low thyroid can mean your body runs at a lower level using less energy. An overactive thyroid has the opposite effect. In your case perhaps you do need some thyroid. Most overweight women, though, have normal thyroid function. The second use of energy is by physical activity. Walking, jogging and many activities are calorie burners/but you must do a lot of them to use many calories. Most people fail to use exercises that build muscles. I think even women with your problem would be smart to do some strength exercises, even mild weight lifting, to build muscles.