ft j ' • ¥i f I j 'I\ it _ 4 I' ii r "i I J I • h t } r i 1 r * L 11 Kome pgptr of Communittei - J ' Weather Stripe Brawn * Widely Scattered Showerl Especially Tonight, Warm, Humid Tonight, Sunday A Better N etc* paper VOLUME LXXII 176 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — SATURDAY, JULY 27, 1963 PRICE SEVEN GENTS Castro Calls For Revolt In Americas *rJ HAVANA (UPI) Premier Pi del Castro, in a frenzied three* hour speech Friday night, charged the United States cheated him out of $10 million in promised ransom goods and said he is not going to revoke his "confiscation" of the American Embassy here. The Cuban leader insulted President Kennedy and said he was pursuing "a stupid policy toward Cuba." WASHINGTON (UPI) — Firemen's Union President H. E. Gilbert urged today that Congress put railroad tol t „ . . i j rules negotiations in "a goldfish bowl" under its direc- Thc bearded Communist leader Uon to g * t Q gtrikefree se6t tlement. Gilbert told a special Saturday session of the Senate Commerce Committee also called on his followers in Latin America to revolt against their governments and unveiled a Cuban-written song, "The March of Latin America." to inspire them. He pledged the support of the Soviet Union ahd the entire Communist bloc. Becomes Violent In his address in the Plaza of the Revolution here, Castro marked the 10th anniversary of his unsuccessful attack on the Moncada army barracks in Santiago, Cuba, with one of the most violent attacks on the U.S. since he came into power in 1959. But his charge that Washington had "swindled" him out of $10 million worth of ransom goods pledged for the release of the 1,113 Cuban Bay of Pigs prisoners came as a surprise. "The United States was obliged to pay $53 million but they paid only $43 million and they are absolute swindlers," he told a roaring crowd estimated by the governors at several hundred thousand. Charges Swindle New York Attorney James B. Donovan, who handled the negotiations for the prisoners' release, "was prevented from fulfilling the agreements with us 100 per cent/' Castro said. 1 'The American Red Cross owes us $10 million and the U.S. government is trying to swindle the Cuban people in a shameful way," he charged. (In Washington, a Red Cross spokesman said "as far as we knew, everything was delivered." The last of nine shiploads of ransom goods arrived in Havana earlier this month, he said.* British and US Slow Down African Rush UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (UPI) Stern opposition by the United States and Britain sent an African resolution demanding immediate independence for Portuguese territories in Africa back into consultation today. U.S. Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson, while supporting self-determination for Angola, Mozambique and Portuguese Guinea, suggested that Secretary General Thant appoint a special U.N. representative to preside over independence negotiations between Portugal and African leaders. Indicates Dangers British Ambassador Sir Patrick Dean said the resolution, sponsored in the Security Council by Ghana, Morocco and the Philip* pines and backed by 32 African countries — the entire continental representation here except South Africa—would "drive Portugal into a position of isolation." Both objected that the resolution was couched in terms of demands and orders which the council is empowered to issue against threats to or breaches of the peace, or in cases of aggression. None such exists in the Portuguese-African crisis, they said. Anglo-American opposition to the resolution stung the Africans. "The United States and the United Kingdom," said Foreign Minister John Karefa-Smart of Sierra Leone, "have accused thi Africart countries of threatening the peace and calm existing there. that such action would give a "shot in the arm"'to the four-year-old rail dispute. The union leader opposed President Kennedy's proposal, under consideration by the committee, to turn the dispute over to the Interstate Commerce Commission. Gilbert said Kennedy's plan amounts to compulsory arbitration, even if supporters may regard it as "just a little bit" of compulsory arbitration. Under Observation Instead, Gilbert proposed that bargaining sessions proceed between railroad management and the five rail brotherhoods under "congressional direction and observation." He said that Congress might assign a joint committee to ride herd on the session and make pe riodic reports on the attitudes of the parties "and their conduct of good faith." Gilbert said in an interview with United Press International that the idea would be to place negotiations in a "goldfish bowl." Gilbert's basic complaint against the President's strike settlement proposal was that it would be "the hole in the dike" for compulsory arbitration. As to the single issue which vitally concerns his union — the work rule which would remove an estimated 32,500 firemen from the cabs of diesel locomotives, Gilbert said the union does not contend that no firemen posts on diesels can be abandoned. He said the union, in a letter to Labor Secretary W. Willard Wirtz, has recently underscored its willingness to approve a formula which would eliminate 5,500 jobs. • * \ Occurs as Tito Reaches Locale SKOPJE, Yugoslavia (UPI) A "minor tremor" rocked the center of earthquake-stricken Skopje today just as President Josip Broz Tito began an inspection tour. Yugoslav newsmen near Tito reported the tremor wobbled the earth a few seconds after the grim-faced leader stepped into the drove to the outskirts. His attractive wife Jovanka remained at home. Tito left his car on the of the once proud, now ruined main square that bears his name. The old soldier did not flinch, the reports said. Tito, they said, walked on, intent on watching rescue crews recovering bodies and searching for the many persons still trapped. The official news agency Tan- jug said "official information received by the government com"the car on smashed downtown mittee work placed bodies found coordinating the rescue number of edge section. Only military and rescue vehicles were allowed into the ruptured heart of Skopje. Tito walked through the side streets and almost all the main arteries of Skopje. Stepping over and around rocks and hunks of concrete, he entered the square. Then, the reports said, the reports tremor greeted him. Unofficial reports have said as Thousands May Be Dead many as 15,000 may have died. Unofficial estimates said an- Many thousands were injured, other 1,500 bodies are expected to Authorities said about 80 per cent be found. The injured total from Friday's disastrous earthquake probably will run into the thousands, the reports said. Unofficial reoorts said this morning's and "mild reports tremor "minor" SHAKEN APART—A pre-dawn earthquake destroyed practically 80 per cent of all buildings in Skopje, Yugoslavia Friday with the photo giving a faint idea as to the force of the quake. Hundreds of bodies have been recovered from the debris of buildings with authority fearing the total of deaths may go as high as 5,000. UNIFAX than look mm 1 '• mm Scan -t - • f M m Uii r r ' * WASHINGTON (AP) Democratic leaders are wTw + - ft- •. ' t'y J w % • * V mm* UNDER •Actress Marie (The Body) McDonald is shown in the Van Nuys, Calif, city jail after her arrest on a charge of forging prescriptions for a drug. The charge was filed by a narcotics agent and drew a plea of guilty from the actress. UNIFAX counting on strong Republican backing to help win Senate approval of the nuclear test ban treaty. But they ,'t intend to try to rush it through. .In his address Friday night urging public support for the agreement, President Kennedy spoke indirectly to the Senate, saying: "I am hopeful that this nation will promptly approve the was It did little more cause rescue workers to up from their shovels and picks and then return to their work, the reports said. The reports said Tito, who led a guerrilla rebellion during World War II and turned the country into a Communist but independent nation after the war, received an almost tumultuous welcome from the survivors in the stricken city of 200,000. Skopje once had served as something of a model of what Tito's brand of national communism would do. Today he stepped through the debris-filled streets and passed the crumbled walls of earthquake-shattered ment houses and apart- government city's soldiers and civilian Kennedy Rolls limited test ban Treaty." I Out Red-Carpet The Mike For Colleens buildings. Inspected Hospitals Tito inspected the makeshift hospitals in the once green parks near the citv's riverbanks. He talked to volunteers. i The 70-year-old leader appeared deeply moved by what he saw and what he heard. Tanjug said he flew to the airport outside the city, and then of the buildings in the city, which lies in a rugged mountain valley, were destroyed when the earthquakes struck at 5:15 a.m., Friday. Tito was accompanied by Vice President Aleksandar Rankovic and Federal Assembly President Edvard Kardelj, according to the official Yugoslav news agency Tanjug. Watches Rescue Teams He saw rescue teams searching for victims among Skopje's many new buildings. Tito had done extensive building in Skopje, blending ancient and modern in a pattern combining 20th century vigor with old-world charm. QUAKE An un- pajama of Skopje, Yugoslavia wandered in a daze on a city street after being driven, it is believed, from the Hotel Macedonia where all but five guests were killed. of the 180 UNIFAX The earthquakes center appeared named to on a square named in Tito's honor. The 187-room Macedonia Hotel, on the square, collapsed completely and only about a dozen of its occupants are known to have survived. Rescue workers this morning said they could hear the screams of the hotel's doorkeeper from the rubble. They dug without letup to try to reach the injured man, believed buried in a crevice under tons of masonry. The army rushed in food and chemical supplies for the injured and an estimated 100,000 homeless. Kennedy Gets Inside Facts From Envoy HYANNIS PORT. Mass. (AP) President Kennedy from port today Ha trim an which got a re- Averell might provide clues on whether the Soviet Union is in a mood for further easing of cold war tensions. Harriman state for under secretary of political affairs, was chief U.S. negotiator in the Mos- conference which led cow to ised the Senate would move "as WASHINGTON (UPI) expeditiously as possible." But in an interview with The Associated Press he added: "This is a very important breakthrough in our efforts to lessen cold war tensions, and we are not going to try to rush it through. The Senate will be given time to consider the the Two pretty young ladies from Ireland took President Kennedy at his word Friday and found it was not just a lot of b Strom Thurmond Says McNamai Military Order Is Preposterous Copenhag State Dean WASHINGTON (UPI) Sen. Eileen Herlihy, 20, and her sis- strom Thurmond, D-S.C, today black- whole fine agreement, if including because the Actress Faces Jail Term On Drug Forgery Charge VAN NUYS, Calif. (UPI)-Marie (The Body) McDonald, 40, faces sentencing Aug. 23 for forging two prescriptions to obtain the pain- "^^^ The'co^ print, U any, public has the greatest stake in this. This will be an open agreement, openly arrived at." Kennedy Approves Kennedy, too, noted there will be debate "in the country and in ter, 25, both of Dublin, approached a White House guard Friday and told him that on his trip to Ireland the President promised "a hundred thousand welcomes" to any of his audience visiting the United States and here they were. The guard put in a call and before long they had visited the office of the President's personal Mrs. denounced as "economic mail in its rawest form" a new anti-segregation order by Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara. Thurmond said McNamara's order authorizing military commanders to place entire communities off limits in cases of seri- discrimination ous. t > detrimental not only to the local but also to individual and their families and the entire defense program." economy servicemen Bees Invade T GOTHAM, England Church bells will not agreement on a partial ban of nuclear weapons tests, Harriman flew direct from Moscow, with a brief stop in and Secretary of Rusk arrived from Washington, for a conference at the summer White House on Squaw Island. Kennedy flew here Friday night from Washington after telling the nation in a radio-television speech the Moscow agreement is portant first step — (UPI) the be- killing drug percodan. The blonde'actress was released on $525 bail Friday by Municipal Judge Francis Cochran after she pleaded guilty to the charges, which ^ "hisTs"as° irshould 'be." ly requires the advice and consent of the Senate to all treaties . . . secretary, Mrs, Evelyn Lincoln, been given souvenirs of the visit member of the and invited on a VIP tour of the Services The South Carolina Democrat, Armed White House today. Committee, statement that "this Senate said in a would be ring in village church here Sunday cause of an invasion of bees into the church's belfry. Church officials said a local beekeeper cannot reach them and "we daren't ring the bells for fear of enraging the bees." "an lm- a step toward peace — a step toward reason —• a step away from war." Harriman and Soviet Premier Khrushchev held their final meeting in Moscow Friday. Sir David Ormsby Gore, British ambassador to the United States, was among the passengers on the President's plane. Ho is Kennedy's weekend guest. maximum to six years in state prison. Miss McDonald, who has had a stormy career, was booked and fingerprinted at city prison on a complaint filed by B. H. Blanchard, a state narcotics agent. Blanchard charged that Miss Where to Find It 3 SECTIONS 2* PAGES 9 Abingdon Amusement 5 Bushnell 5 Churches 6- 7 Classified Ads 17-18-19 Comics-TV-Radio 16 Editorial 4 Food Section 10-11 5 McDonald obtained percodan on two occasions, June 27 at an En- all nuclear tets except The Moscow agreement banning under- mmunica ti ns Satellite Heads cino pharmacy Sherman Oaks drugstore. ground must be ratified by a two- thirds vote of the Senate, If all Miss McDonald sought an im- 100 Senators voted it would need mediate preliminary hearing promptly waived it and pleaded guilty. Blanchard said Miss McDonalc was traced through her automobile license plate number aftei Sherman Oaks pharmacist Darrel! M. Levine became suspicious ol her. 67 ayes—the number of Democrats in the Senate. But all Democrats may not vote for the pact, and Mansfield said Republicans will be the key to ratification, particularly the Senate GOP leader, Everett M. Dirk- r Assignment Way Out in Space CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) commuru cations station, riding high more than 22,000 miles above the earth, drifted slowly today toward its sen, who has not committed him- f 0 ^ ** the world's first satellite self. Galva 5 Hospital Notes Knox v ill e • Markets 20 Monmouth 10 Obituary -- 17 Sports 1445 Weather 2 Women in the News 3 Said Mansfield: It is my k Visit Hungary BUDAPEST (UPD-The Hun- down. avowed hope Sen. Dirksen and I will be working shoulder-to-shoulder to this one when the chips are garian Foreign Ministry today denied newspaper reports that Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev 'And I have every confidence the fairness of the Republicans. I am certain that with them, it to operate over one area of the globe. At its present rate of speed, about 6,800 miles an hour, Syncom 2 will reach a point over the equator above northern Brazil next Saturday. Scientists plan to stop it there by sending radio signals to fire nitrogen jets which would visit Hungary next month, will not be politics, but what will will adjust the satellite speed and The earth at the equator travels 1,040 miles an hour, but Syncom 2 would be like a runner on an outside track who has to move faster to keep pace. The above-Brazil point was selected as the best for communications experiments planned between the Syncom ground stations at Lakehurst. N.J.. and satellite sent them back "loud audi continuous worldwide communications coverage. They would seem- on clear." Officials cautioned that true tests lie ahead when Syncom 2 will be in position for two-way transmission between Africa and the United States via the two stations. They predicted the satellite will be within radio range of both by Monday. To Be Adjusted the ship Kingsport, anchored at Project Director Alton Lagos, Nigeria, on the coast of, ^ major West Africa. put Jonc$ I the ministry termed Western true" in their claims Khrushchev would make a short stop here prior to his scheduled August trip to Yugoslavia. be good for their country." Dirksen stressed the need for care: "Every word and every line and everv chase of the angle. Early communications tests were rated highly successful by the National Aeronautics and satellite in a synchronous orbit, stabilize it and then establish con- ingly stand still in space at even ly space points about 22,300 miles above the equator. The lower-altitude Telstar-and Relay-type communications systems would require 40 or-50 sateN litics and tar more extensive ground facilities. Because of its small size, Syn com 2 will be restricted to radio, telephone, teletype and photo facsimile tests. treaty every pnase mast be carefully examined for its present and future effect/ 1 all port beamed the music of "The Star speed will increase to about (5,880 miles an hour and thus will be synchronous with the speed of the earth rotating below. Spangled Banner," voice tapes and Teletype messages to the drum-shaped package. The tact for a long period between! The space agency plans a larger Lakehurst and the Kingsport. Because a satellite at Syncom 2's altitude would be within radio ranee of more than one-third of the earth's surface, such craft would be only three needed for . the be in the sky in 1%5, to beam television and other communications. A Delta rocket started Syncom 2 on ite complex journey Friday.
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