Nationwide roundup shows: Despite Barry's delegate strength elephant still looks for a rider By BRUCE BIOSSAT Washington correfpondent Newspaper Enterprise Assn. WASHINGTON — (NEA) — Ten weeks before the San Francisco convention, the 1964 Republican presidential outlook remains amazingly fluid despite Arizona Sen. Barry Goldwater's commanding lead. NEA's second spring time canvass of important GOP leaders coast-to-coast discloses oddities and paradoxes which make the nomination struggle one of the hardest in recent hisiory to fath om. Goldwatcr continues to cash in on much — but not all — of the delegate strength he has e.x- pected to get At the same time he is suffering not only some delegate erosion but new psychological blows. Moderate forces opposing the senator are no closer than a month ago to settling on a rival horse. Some politicians say every day that passes without agreement on an opponent helps Barry's cause. Other parly men In key states argue that anti-Goldwater people can wait until the very eve of the convention and still mount a successful moderate coalition behind Richard Nixon, Pennsyl vania Gov. William Scranlon Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge. The moderates hope to draw heavily not only from a block of 300-odd delegates now linked to various favorite sons, but from the rising ranks of the un committed. Those ranks recent ]y have been augmented in North Dakota, Kansas, Iowa. Jlinnesota, Illinois and Kentucky. NKON TOD.W: Is the face loo tired? Goldwater's managers have stepped up their delegate pres sures in efforts to offset these changes and a possible primary defeat for the senator in Oregon May 15. One handy target: tlie 30 votes they have been yielding out of the Old Soutb's 279 total. A new handicap is Goldwa-; tcr's cutback of campaign dates in Oregon and California. This move, announced as necessary 10 allow him to join the Senate civil rights debate, is being read in Oregon and other spots as a virtual concession of defeat in the May 15 test. For front - runner Goldwa tcr the prospects may now be these: 1. lie may offset delegate attrition and other blows, keep his vote total at a potential 500 or| more, win California's 85 in the June 2 primary against New "Vork Gov. Nelson Rockefeller, pass the 600 mark and go on to a winning 655. 2. He may sustain sufficient! losses between now and July so that even California's 86 would leave him crucially short and the prize would pass elsewhere. 3. He may hold his solid core at high level, win Cah'fomia's 86 and yet find that defeat in Ore-! gon, poor showings in polls, and other factors have combined to keep him from going that lastj short mile. delegate edifice crumble. An Illinois politician favorable to Goldwatcr says his standing in that consen-ative stronghold is greatly weakened, that a breakup has occurred, that some delegates now committed to him wish they were not. "We're in a hard row of stumps here," he says. "Some of these people arc slaying with Barry simply because they don't know where else to go." Some party men are contending that Goldwater's fair-to-middling vote totals in New Hampshire and Illinois suggest he does not get all the conservative vote — that many who have some ideological kinship with the senator are scared off by stale menls he makes. The trimming of Goldwater's schedule and his shift to big rallies and televi sion showings are designed to minimize this kind of trouble. Most important Republicans are slill skeptical of Lodge's chances should Barry fatter. Yet they acknowledge that if t h e ambassador wins in Oregon, where new polls show him holding his big edge, he will com- cnand attention. This wUl be especially true if he then comes home from hi; post in South Vict Nam. .Although Lodge rolled up decisive write-in »ictory over his nearest opponent, Goldwatcr, in the Massachusetts primary, his total vole was not even a fifth of the 255.000 HTite -ins for General Eisenhower in 1952. Belief is widespread that if and when the professionals get past Lodge, they will turn to Nixon, a man whose personality and views they know well. None doubts his availability. Friends say this will be re-eni. phasizcd in the weeks ahead by a heavy speaking schedule plus quiet contacts with key convention delegates. Nixon is an obvious unity can. didate, since pro-Goldwater peo- pie in the South and West in creasingly mention him as ac ceptable. Some leaders nevertheless boggle at the idea of another Nixon nomination, stressing his two major defeats, the "tired face," the well - remembered lashmg of the press on television after his 1962 defeat for the California governorship. "Nixon is everybody's second choice," says a western goveT' nor. His problem, and it could be ticklish, is to convert second choice strength into first — if the opportunity develops. Should the 1961 chance some- bow pass Nixon by, politicians agree the party will come last to Scranlon the Reluctant He, like Ni.xon, is judged capable of unifying the party. Reports from Pennsylvania in dicate that professional and vol cr interest in Scranlon remains substantial, despite all his disclaimers. That fact was underlined by the Pennsylvania pri raao' in which governor topped the late Robert A. Taft's 178,900 write-in vote record of 1952 when the Ohioan was running hard. Scranlon's ou-n sUte's 64 votes could scn -e as easy nucleus for a moderate coaUtion which might take shape only after the warm bodies arrive in San Francisco. Michigan's Gov. George Romney, who may try to lead upwards of 40 of his state's 48 delegates toward a moderate choice, is just one of several leaders who wants to keep loose until San Francisco. A western governor scoffs at the notion that tlie moderates are beaten if they do not focus now on a rival for Goldwaler. He says most leaders want to watch the Oregon and California primary results and hang onto their bargauiing power as long as possible. If the slill down-rated Rockefeller loses in the Oregon-Caii- foniia vote tests, prime attention will rapidly center on what the New Yorker does with his massive 92-member delegation — assuming he could control all or most of it at convention time Rockefeller, indeed, could supply the first great key to t h e GOP nomination puzzle of 1961. The Polls Redlands Daily Facts Monday, May 4, 1964-13 Little interest in Cal. GOP primary By Doris Fleeson 'Are They Really in the Bog, Senotor?' Tf'W M», What's Really in There?" Plans going ahead for U.S. lunar program By ALVIN B. WEBB JR. United Prest International whose livelihoods depend in large part upon NASA decisions. HOUSTON (UPD—The United I is waiting. But many industry The jarrings Goldwater's candidacy ah-eady has taken in New Hampshire, Illinois and other states persuade many GOP leaders that Goldwater's position is today so shaky that he must, win on the first ballot or see his! BOX SCORE Comparisons on amied strengtfi LONG-RANGE BOMBERS UA-540 Ui,S,R.-270 INTERCONTINENTAL MISSILES U.S.—750^U5.S.R.—187 POURIS-TYPE MISSILES fetrer" mdtnnttf- lonnclicd aiisiln UiL-192 E vs. vs. EUSSIA— News- chut tbows the comparatire stn^^c nadear forces of the United SUtes and the Soiviet Union, xocording to recent]; leleased Defease Dciptz^ttDt estimates. States is mulling over the idea of building a "Little America" outpost on the moon. Informed sources say the probability is increasing that the nation will commit itself, poS' sibly within a year, to the construction of a permanently manned lunar base as the first major step beyond the landing of astronauts on the moon. The first manned lunar mission, now expected around 1970, will fulfill the "national goal" objective of the $20 billion Project Apollo. But space exploration cannot be expected to end abruptly at that critical point. As one trade publication put it, "the $20 billion to be spent on Apollo would be wasted if the only result were a. tickertape parade up Broadway for the returning astronauts." Whit Then? So what to do for an encore? There are two loading possibili ties: —A foothold on the moon means a fodthold on the chance to begin extr?.terfestrial exploration. A number of scientists are pressing for a push toward detailed study of the moon, including establishment of the "Little America" base, to pursue this dream. —The so-called "fallout" from the Apollo program will include a stable of giant booster rockets, proven spacecraft and trained astronaut pilots. Others have suggested these be turned toward development of an earth orbiting space station for such practical returns as improved weather forecasting and space relay communications systems. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) parries questions as to its post Apollo plans with the reply that "no decision has been made." High Spot Tliat is, indeed, true. But NASA has left no doubt that lunar exploration rates a high spot in the consideration list The agency has unloosed a be^ vrildering series of study contracts aimed at coming up with ideas for moon "trucks," logis tics systems, mobile lunar laboratories, ideal sites for lunar bases, and so forth. And within a month, NASA experts will start looking at spots in the Southwestern United States that might roughly resemble the surface of the moon. The site possibly will become the location of a simulated moon base." the U. S. aerospace industry. representatives are betting pri vately that the space agency will go for the lunar base. Premature It perhaps seems a bit pre mature to consider lunar bases, particularly since the moon landing pre-requisite is slill six years and several billion dollars away. In reality, however, time is running out. A major factor in running a coordinated, step-by-step space program is "lead time." This is the span between the conception of a program and its physical birth. It is devoted to the development of techniques and production of machiner>', and to the complicated task of bringing them together into something that makes sense. Six years is not a great amount of "lead time" in the space business. It took 10 years to bring the Atlas interconti nental ballistic missile from the drawing boards to the firing pads, and lunar colonies and manned space slaUons are con sidcrably more complex. One point that may help NASA reach its decision is the increased indication that development of early U. S. manned space stations in orbit around earth may be turned over to the Defense Department. The Air Force already has its foot in the door there, with the manned orbital laboratory. It will produce as a sort of T- modcl space station for a launching around late 1967 or- 1968. After years of delay, U. S. defense leaders are coming around to a position that there is, after all, a military use for man in space. At Cape Kennedy recently, Gen. Bernard A. Schriever, commander of Air Force missile and space development, said "the demands of security require that we go into space on an accelerated basis." The "accelerated basis" likely will be toward the manned plat form in orbit Willingly or not NASA's hands would thus be! freed to pursue its own conquests elsewhere in the skies. Swedes order subs STOCKHOLM, (tJPI) — The Swedish government has or dered five new submarines at a total cost of $48 million, it wasannounced Friday. Facts Qassified Ads Can Sell Anything CaU 793-3221 RECORD REVIEW Popular Records NEW YORK (UPI) — J a c k Teagarden was known as "Big T" because he was a big man with a big heart and one of the biggest names in jazz. Also to distinguish him from his brothers. And the "Big T' also could be a description of his trombone. For Jack Teagarden was "Jlr. Trombone. The death of Jack Teagarden in New Orleans not so many months ago removed a giant from the jazz scene but fortunately he had made himdreds of recordings. Some of the best of these have been put on a memorial album, "Tribute to Teagarden" (Capitol T - 2076). Eight were recorded in 1956 and four in 1958. Some of the sidemen were Charlie Teagarden, Eddie Jlil- ler, Gus Bivona and Si Zenlner. A fitting tribute to Jack. Arethra Franklin is cast in another memorial LP, "Unforgettable — A Tribute to Dinah Washington" :Columbia CL 2162). This collection is quite significant if only for the great respect that young Arethra had for the women who was to become known as the "queen" of the blues singers. For this reason Arethra puts more soul in delivering the songs — "What a Diff'rence a Day Made" and Evil Gal Blues" — that entrenched Dinah W. as an all- time great. From the Movie* — "Man in the Middle," original soundtrack from the film starring Robert Mitchum, David Wayne and France Nuyen, is good music. The theme and a number called "No More" were written by Lionel Bart, composer of the London-Broadway hit "Oliver." Also it has a couple of familiar tunes, "Chattanooga Choo Choo" and "Serenade in Blue" (20th- century Fox TFM 3128). In Memoriam — Two excellent LP's have been issued in remembrance of Edith Piaf — "Piaf at the Olympia" (Capitj)! ST 10368) and "Adieu, Little Sparrow" (Philips PCC 208). For Men — "Kay Stevens in Person at The Copa" (Liberty LRP 3343) features the comely comedienne in a change of pace songfest which varies from "Gettmg to Know You" to "Bal tin' the Jack." For Women - "A Million Stars" by David Whitfield (Lon don LL 3332). One of Britain's finest pop tenors offers a con cert of romantic songs, among them "Maria," "On the Street Where You Live" and "Love is Stranger." For Folk Seng Fans — 'Time to Move On" by Glenn Yarbrough (RCA Victor LSP-2836). Glenn pulls away from The Limeliters for a solo stint and is in fine form on a dozen tunes. LOS ANGELES - If that fel- loft "Undecided" who wreaked so much havoc in New Hampshire were- on the Republican primary ballot here, he would probably spring another surprise on the country. This time the surprise might not be named Henry Cabot Lodge, though he would certain ly be in the ninning. It might be Richard Nixon, Gov. William Scranlon or even G o v. George Romney. This is a reversal of the mood regarding Nixon even a month ago. Scranlon is virtually un known, and this is one of the few slates where they mention Romney. But California Republicans are in a position of rare frustration. They have only two candidates for President on the balkt, both of them with distinctly minority support, neither one of whom they expect to be nominated or elected apart from his hard core of support, which seems not to care what he says or how he says it one present Rockefeller aide, once for Nixon, still argues that California will never again embrace its fugitive son, but his tone is less bitter than formerly. Write-ins are impossible on the California ballot, slate officials declare flatly. What then will Republicans do? They cannot even cross-file as in the old days. An unsympathetic Democrat suggests that those who have given up on Goldwaler as a campaigner and conservative President will vote for Nixon, and that the rest will s\vallow hard and check Rockefeller 's name. Sen. Barry GoHwater, the conservative spokesman, is sag ging. He is attracting no new support or popular acclaim in any quarter. Conservatives who pinned their hopes on him admit it. Rockefeller got some nice load applause from a conservative Republican group at a Los Angeles luncheon. Afterw^ard one of the leaders explained that the handclaps represented hope, not conversion. 'We would like to believe that he is not as liberal as we thought since Goldwaler has let us down so badly with his campaigning. But what's the use? After the way Rocky tookj after Goldwaler, Goldwaler will probably stop him from being nominated." Many Nixon associates are in this group. They give credence to the report that he is tr>ing to do business with GoIdwater| should the Senator fail on a first-ballot nomination. At least It is not believed, mcidenlally, that the New York Governor has been hurt in California by his divorce and remarriage, but for some reason he has failed to catch on. A Repubhcan who admits he feels trapped by the situation is betting on Rockefeller by a narrow margin. California, he says, is just not a Goldwaler state. He reasons further that the vote wiU be hght Most politicians accept this, "but not the argument that this is necessarily bad for Goldwaler. It is true RepubUcan right - wingers did badly in the 1962 primary. For example, Nixon's nearest competitor in the contest for the Republican nomination got only 300,000 votes in this huge state, but Nixon had stature and his rivaL Joseph Shell, did not Also, many conservatives were loyal to Nixon and welcomed his disavowal of the far right Rockefeller is naturally among those closely examining the evidence that NLxoa is laying the groundwork for inheriting Goldwaler support if the Senator falters on the first ballot at the convention. Asked about his own Nixon conversations, the Governor smiles wryly. He has seen Nixon only once, he says, "since he became my constituent and neighbor." (Copyright, 19«, by U n i t e d Feature Sjudicale, Inc.) Washington Window Heavy Wallace vote seen in Indiana By Lyle C. Wilson Big question Who'll succeed Nikita Khrushchev? By PHIL NEWSOM United Press Internationil A guessing game already popular in world capitals and like ly to spread is the name of the man who will succeed Nikita Khrushchev. Giving it current impetus have been two events. One is the fact that the bouncy Khrushchev obsen-ed his 70th birthday April 17, not generally recognized as retirement age for world leaders but a remmder that Khrushchev no longer is young. The other was the false report a few days earlier of Khrushchev's dealh. The report swept around the world within minutes, earning with it a general feeling of apprehension, a nat-| ural accompaniment to an ab- nipt change of leadership in any major nation but particularly so in the Soviet Union. For Khrushchev, although a dedicated Communist determined to spread the Red emblem around the world, also has shotvn himself capable of restraint. Nobody Knows One student of Soviet affairs once remarked that there is no such thing as a Soviet expert, only varytag degrees of ignorance. both government and party apparatus, and a member of the Party Presidium, the small, se lect group which makes basic Soviet policy decisions. By careful selection of hi lieutenants there are few today who can successfully oppose him. Almost certainly the new man also will represent something new in top Soviet leadership. That is, he will not be one who! played an important role in the Bolshevik revolution. Wyacheslav Molotov, who might have played such a role, is in disgrace as one of the anti-party men who sought remove Khrushchev and seem-j ingly is out of the party picture. Anastas Mikoyan, who might also qualify, has not been well and his releationsbip with Khrushchev also is said to have cooled. Frol R. Kozlov, one-time heir apparent, also is ill and Mikhail A. Suslov, seems to have eliminated himself by opposing certain of Khrushchev's internal policies. Top Candidate Nowhere on the horizon does there appear to be any man with either Khrushchev's color or his ability. By a process of eliminatioi, most of the experts seem to The same _ comment must beLg^.^ 7„ j^^j j_ made now in any attempt to name the man who finally will emerge after Khrushchev, and after surviving the dog-eat-dog politics of the Kremlin hierarchy. Within the Soviet poliUcal structure there is no provision for an orderly ascent to the power which Khrushchev now holds and which Stalin and Lenin held before him. After Stalin's death in 1953, it took Khrushchev four more years to consolidate bis present position where he is at the same time First Secretary of the Communist Party and Premier, placing him at the top of, Brezhnev, who occupies a post which might be called the Pres idency of the Soviet Union and also is a member of the Presi-! dium. He is respected within the party and also is popular among the experts and technicians who do not think in ideological terms but who occupy an increasingly important role in Soviet decisions. He also is regarded as one most likely to conlinne the so-called liberal approach favored by Khrushchev. SELL IT TOMORROW With low - cost Classified Ads Politicians and newsmen alike are playing it cozy in Indiana where Alabama's Gov. George C Wallace is campaigning against the Johnson administration the stite's presidenfial preference primao'. They make no public predictions. Election day is next Tue.sday, May 5. Knowledgeable but anonymous observers m Indiana will tell you, however, that Wallace may poll 40 to 45 per cent of the Democratic vote ne.xt Tuesday. Pollsters report that a heavy vote also is building up for Wat lace in Maryland where he ajso is entered. Election day there is May 19. Indiana's Democratic Gov. .Matthew E. Welsh is the admin islration candidate, pledged, of course, to President Johnson's nomination. Democratic Sen. Daniel Brewster is Johnson's Maryland stand-in. The state organization in Indiana under Gov. Welsh is going it alone in the fight with Waflace. There are reports, uncon- Czech police break up big demonstrations VIENNA (UPI) — Heavily armed Czech security forces and police chased young anti Communist demonstrators with police dogs during May Day riots in Prague, Western eyewitnesses reported today. One of a group of Western tourists who arrived here today firom Czechoslovakia reported seing a "huge crowd" surging through downtown Prague; chanting "Long live freedom." The tourists refused to be identified. Their account was the first report by Westerners of the anti-government demonstrations in the Communist Czechoslovakian capital. I saw Czech security men chasing young demonstrators with police dogs in the Prague Letna district," one of the eyewitnesses said. "A similar police action took place in Kmsky Park in the evening of May Day when heavily armed secnri^ squads combed the park sys tematically with poh'ee dogs and searchlights." The official Czech news agency admitted that 31 persons were arrested by police for "majdn^ troubles and disturbing the Hay Day abnos-! phere." The Czechs denied, however, that (he demonstrations were of a "political nature." firmed, that President Johnson and a platoon of other nationally known Democrats will sortie into Maryland against Wallace. Johnson's participation seems doubtful. He was in Indiana last week on a poverty tour and spoke twice in the state. But the president avoided ail reference to Wallace and to the primary campaign. He did not put his personal prestige on the line. Samuel Lubell has just emerged from a Maryland poIL Lubell has solid credentials as a pollster. He found about 33 per cent of registered Maryland Democrats for Wallace and 15 to 20 per cent more undecided so far. Lubell found a sampling of two thirds of eastern shore men and women for Wallace. The eastern shore of Maryland lies between the Atlantic and the (Hiesapeake Bay, a little Dixie area as southern in tradition as Georgia. One of Lubell's conclusions will give the administration pause. It was this: "reaction along the eastern shore suggests that President Johnson is in for much more political trouble in the (deep) South than is generally assumed." Short of a crash program sprung by panic, it seems un- Bkely that Johnson wiU risk his personal preStige by appearing in Maryland against Wallace. The governor 's presidential candidacy is not taken seriously, even by himself. But he has sparked a show of protest against civil rights developments and against the New Deal-Fair Deal-New Frontier foundations of the Johnson administration. Wallace opposes the Civil Rights Bill as a state's right man. He dnies that he is campaigning as a segregationist. However that may be, Wallace is in fact an all-out segregationist He appeals for voles to shake up what he calls the liberals in Washington, obviously meaning the Johnson Administration. Preadent Johnson's intervention in the Maryland primary would point up the idea Wallace seeks to emphasize, that a vote for him is a vote against Johnson. The Democratic National Committee in its publication, ["DEMOCRAT," disposes of Wallace and the Wisconsin primary m 13 disdainfid words: "Most of Gov. Wallace 's votes in the Wisconsin primary election came from Republicaos." Wisconsin Republicans did cross over into the democratic primary last month, blurring the meaning of the returns. Wallace polled 2660,000 votes. The Indiana and Maryland re- trnns are not likely to t>e blurred.
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