Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on May 2, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 2, 1973
Page 1
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Home Paper of 70 Communities (Jalesburg Register-Mail Clear, Cool Tonight Low Mid-40's Sunny, Cool Thursday High Upper 50's A Better Newspaper VOLUME LXXXII — 104 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 61401 — WEDNESDAY, MAY 2, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS Nixon's Ex-Aides, Martha to Testify WASHINGTON (U P I) President Nixon's deposed top two White House lieutenants, H.R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman, will appear Thurs- N day before a federal grand jury investigating the Watergate scandal, it was learned today. As news disclosures were published suggesting that the two were leaders in a high-level He really thinks they're all clean," Dean Seeks Immunity Dean has been reported as trying to seek a grant of immunity from prosecution before testifying before the grand jury. He has talked with prosecutors, however, and allegedly has implicated Haldeman and Ehrlichman. The Times quoted an investigator with respect to Dean's role: "I don't think Dean had prior knowledge of the bugging. He agreed to go along with the WASHINGTON (UPI) — Pri- v cover-up. Once he found out FBI Gathers Aides 9 Files Clock's On Time It took workers several days to accomplish it, but the Cincinnati City Hall clock in its tower overlooking the downtown is now on Eastern Daylight Time. It took some judicious use of oil and wrenches to free the large hour hand and move it ahead one hour. The four faced clock presented the same problem on its other faces, taking workers most of the day to get the city on time. UNIFAX< , vate files of three deposed White House aides have been removed from their offices and are being examined for any material relating to the Watergate scandal, it was learned today. The bulky file cabinets, most all of them reportedly equipped with combination locks, were taken from the offices of H. R. Haldeman, John D. Ehrlichman and John W. Dean III to a central, location in the White House by FBI agents. Inflation Fighters Sought WASHINGTON (UPI) President Nixon has decided to tougheii some aspects of, his wage-pnee stabilization pro* gram, tdministratlort officials said today. In a further move to combat the worst inflation in a generation, officials said Nixon probably would again require big companies to get prior approval for price increases of more than 1.5 per cent and raise the possibility of orders to roll back price rises exceeding increases in costs. Details of Nixon's revised economic policy were to be announced in a statement late this afternoon after he had conferred with his top advisers as well as business and union leaders. It appeared that the President's measure be less sweeping than the general freeze or rollback proposals urged by some members of Congress. One top economic adviser said the President's statement would be "constructive but not startling." Boast Confidence Administration officials suggested that Nixon intended in his statement to try to boost confidence in the largely voluntary Phase HI wage and price controls that have prevailed for most of this year. Nixon began by meeting for 40 minutes with his five ranking economic strategists —Treas­ ury Secretary George P. Shultz, Budget Director Roy L. Ash, Federal Reserve Chairman Arthur F. Burns, Chairman Herbert Stein of the Council of Economic Advisers, and Director John T. Dunlop of the Cost of Living Council. Joining the session were Vice President Spiro T. Agnew and Kenneth Cole, who has been serving temporarily as Nixon's top domestic affairs adviser since the resignation Monday of John D. Ehrlichman. Also summoned to the White] House was the 10-member Labor-Management Advisory Committee which was established to advise the President on the operation of the Phase III control system. The committee's membership includes AFL-CIO President George Meany, a sharp critic of administration economic:; pqUcy Meany has' said that unless prices are brought under control soon, labor will be unable to cooperate with programs aimed at keeping wage increases to an average of 5.5 per cent a year. Nixon has been under in creasing pressure to take some new dramatic action to control soaring prices. Pushed up by some of the sharpest increases in food prices ever recorded, the government's cost of living index in the first three months of this year increased faster than any time since the early [days of the Korean War. Battle Developing Over Prosecutor WASHINGTON (UPI) - A battle was shaping up in Congress today over a proposal for an independent, special prosecutor to take over the Watergate investigation. The Senate, with little debate and only five members present, passed by voice vote Tuesday a resolution urging President Nixon to appoint an outside prosecutor. But six hours later, senators loyal to Nixon who had been absent when the resolution was pushed, went to the Senate floor to protest. They tried to have it rescinded, failed in that, bui won agreement from the r e s o 1 u t i o n's sponsor, Sen. Charles H. Percy, R-Ill., to have it reconsidered today. White-haired Sen. George D. Aiken, R-Vt., his voice cracking with anger, called Percy's earlier move, maneuvering the resolution through the Senate, "one of the most contemptible operations I have seen during my long tenure in the Senate. "I don't know what the motive was, but the effect was to harass and condemn the President of the United States— the same President who got our troops back from Vietnam," said the 81-year-old Aiken. Sen. Norris H. Cotton, Rr N.H., called the resolution "a vote of no confidence" in the President. Nixon on Monday said he was leaving the decision on a special prosecutor to Elliot L. Richardson who is taking over both the Justice Department and the Watergate investigation for the President. An aide said Nixon was upset over the Percy resolution, which only expressed the "sense of the Senate" and would not be binding on him. A similar resolution, sponsored by 23 Republicans, was introduced in the House Tuesday by Rep. John B. Andrews, R-Ill. Under the Senate resolution, the special prosecutor presumably would take over the entire Justice Department investigation as well as the activities of Principal Assistant U.S. Attorney Earl J. Silber in the current federal grand jury probe. Nixon presumably would provide the funds from Executive Branch appropriations. The amount of funds would determine the size of staff and extent of the investigation. effort to cover up the scope of the Watergate burglary and bugging, Haldeman and Ehrlichman also arranged to meet later in the week with Senate investigators. Both Haldeman and Ehrlichman have denied any wrongdoing and have said they are sure investigations will clear them. Nixon said in announcing their resignations Monday that their departure should not be taken as any suggestion of wrong-doing. Cover Up Details The New York Times quoted unnamed government investigators today that Haldeman and Ehrlichman, together with former Attorney General John N. Mitchell, devised a plan shortly after the June 17, 1972, bugging to cover up the details. The Times said Haldeman, Mitchell, Ehrlichman, former White House council John Dean III, and two others faced grand jury indictment. The Times quoted one investigator as saying, "Haldeman and Ehrlichman were running the cover-up. We don't know whether Nixon to this day knows what really happened. how many people would be hurt, he was convinced that the scandal would damage the country." The investigator was quoted that after talking with Haldeman and Ehrlichman, Dean "went into the bag and falsified his report to the President" on Dean's own investigation for Nixon of the bugging. The Times said the "basic scheme" in the cover-up effort included having officials involved in the operation deny knowledge of it, and promising payments as well as executive clemency if convicted to five men arrested at the Watergate. The Times quoted investigators that soon after the bugging arrests, G. Gordon Liddy, who was convicted in January as a leading conspirator, was selected as the person "to blame it all" on. Everybody knew that Gor- Daniel Ellsberg and Wife (Continued on Page 16) Judge Considers Dropping Charges Against Ellsberg LOS ANGELES (UPI) Defense lawyers moved for a dismissal of charges against Daniel Ellsberg and Anthony Russo Tuesday following a disclosure that the White House had been conducting its own investigation of the Pentagon Papers case. U.S. District Court Judge Matt Byrne took the motion and one for mistrial under submission as the trial became more deeply tangled in the Watergate affair. Martha Mitchell Where to Find It 4 SECTIONS Abingdon 39 Amusement 8 Busbnell 16 Classified Ads ..40-41-42-43 Comics, Radio 37 Editorial 4 Food Section -23-34 44 PAGES Knoxville 39 Markets 38 Monmouth — 25 Obituary 11 Sports 35-36 Weather - ._ 2 Women in the News 13-14-15 Defense lawyers also alleged the federal government tried to bribe the judge "in the virtual presence of the President" reference to a meeting between Byrne and former Domestic Adviser John D. Ehrlichman at which Byrne was told he was being considered for a federal job. An FBI memorandum revealed in court Tuesday disclosed that President Nixon personally ordered an "independent" White House investigation into the Pentagon Papers leak handled by • Ehrlichman, who resigned Monday Nation's Fuel Crisis Spirals United Press International The nation's fuel crisis, with higher prices and declining supplies, is taking a marked turn for the worse. A gasoline rationing program for its 31,000 retail stations was announced Tuesday by Amoco Oil Co., the same day Cities Service Oil Co. instituted across- the-board price increases. Texaco, one of the nation's largest petroleum refiners, predicted in congressional testimony that there will be industry­ wide gasoline "run-outs" this summer. Rising Prices Kerr-McGee sharply reduced the number of self - service pumps at stations in the Oklahoma City area, raising its average selling price. Signs prominently displayed a few days ago' were removed, apparently so motorists could not see prices until they got close to the pumps. Local governments, which generally buy their gasoline in bulk from the major companies, reported the companies are increasingly reluctant to renew contracts to supply fuel. Chicago, Detroit, Indianapolis, Los Angeles and several other cities are now operating on a week-to-week basis and are unable to obtain written contracts assuring continued deliveries. Birmingham, Ala., was getting its supplies on a monthly basis, but said it also was unable to get future commitments for gas in writing. Several airline and trucking companies also reported they had been hit by the fuel shortages. A spokesman for Trans World Airlines (TWA) said flights from the West into Chicago are carrying extra fuel to counteract shortages in the Midwest. National Airlines said it had been placed on notice of fuel shortage by several suppliers and Delta Airlines said it had been experiencing an increase in prices. Perhaps hardest hit was Blaschke Trucking Co. of Houston, which operates 44 trucks. "We've been sitting here out of fuel for two days," office manager Larry Gutowsky said. "We buy from ADA fuel and they said we couldn't get any. They said we used up our quota. Our quota was 30,000 gallons a month. We had used up 12,000 gallons and they said we couldn't get any more—we didn't even get our quota. Didn't Get Quota "We tried other suppliers and they said no. They tell us they have to take care of their old customers. But everybody is feeling this. It hurts." Prof. Morris A. Adelman of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a top economist in the field, said one of the problems is that "there is no refinery construction now. There are a variety of factors. Consumption is up. Price controls discourage refinery building. There are environmental restrictions and other reasons." Oil companies are quick to take offense at charges that they are hoarding supplies to drive up prices. The Oil & Gas Journal, an industry publication, said this week that a survey by the American Petroleum Institute showed some refiners running at about 82 per cent capacity. "The chief reason," the Journal said, "are shutdowns for repairs or lack of suitable crude, which hampers both the independents and majors." Morton Warns Public Appearing before a Senate Interior subcommittee Monday, Secretary of the Interior Rogers C. B. Morton urged Americans to limit their use of gasoline. Morton's plea was the first public warning by the Nixon Administration that the U. S. may be facing gasoline shortages this summer. because of the Watergate scandal. Ehrlichman told the FBI he personally "designated" E. Howard Hunt Jr. and G. Gordon Liddy, convicted Watergate defendents who at the time were White House staff members, to investigate Ellsberg's "emotional and moral problems," the report said. A report to the judge by the Justice Department last week said the department has inforr mation that Liddy and Hunt broke into the office of Ellsberg's psychiatrist and rifled his files. Ehrlichman was quoted in the memo as saying he did not find out about the burglary until after it had occurred, and he then admonished Liddy and Hunt "not to do this again." In its formal motion for dismissal of the indictment, the defense charged that "from the very beginning, this proceeding has been characterized by prosecutorial abuse extending all the way to the White House ^ (Continued on Page 16) John Connally Changes Teams, Goes Republican HOUSTON (UPI) - John B. Connally, 56, the conservative former Texas governor and Treasury secretary and a lifelong Democrat, today switched to the Republican Party "to help it meet the needs and aspirations of all Americans." Connally, who resigned a year ago after 18 months as the only Democrat in Nixon's cabinet, did not say he would run for president to succeed Nixon in 1976. "I believe that in our time, the Republican Party best represents the broad views of most Americans, whatever their formal political affiliation," Connally said in a statement at his Houston law office. "I believe it can best provide the strength and stability and unite our people to deal effectively with our problems," Connally said of the GOP. )

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