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The tragedy of Man: He starts off with a Country - and winds up with» Government! ', Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Wishburn K's Not the Tax But the Debt That Disturbs America A rkansas Congressman Wil* bur D. Mills made a gallant stand against ruinous fiscal policy for more than a year but finally voted Wednesday to go along with this compromise: Add a I0-per*cent surtax to present federal income taxes, and require a cutback of 6 billions in President Johnson's spending plans. It's a disheartening turn and bodes ill for the national Democratic ticket in the 1968 elections. "Expense cut" promises from politicians don't mean much any more and a disillusioned people are likely to take vengeance against the majority party on Election Day. Many people like your editor, don't mind a tax increase as much as they fear the never-ending rise in the federal debt. You can al•ways repeal a tax hike at some later day -but paying down a reckless debt takes something more than votes and laws. Your editor drew the line a few years ago when he opposed using debt money to construct a $400,000 post office building for Hope. It stirred up a hornet's nest in our town, but I had a majority in a divided town with me and now the fear of an ever- climbing debt is rampant throughout America. . We wouldn't mind the tax increase except for the demonstrated fact that the politicians won't use it to reduce the debt but, instead, will post it as collateral to push the debt still higher. And as the federal debt climbs the value of your money decreases, and prices go higher. Wednesday's compromise — a 10 per cent increase in income tax and a 6-billion expenditure cut-sounds O.K., but will the promise be carried out? I don't think so. You can find out for yourself— watch Congress raise the debt limit again, as it has repeatedly done ever since the end of World War n. When that happens you'll know that Wednesday's promises didn't mean a thing. There is a solution, if Washington only had the courage to enact it. It is simply this: Stipulate that in any fiscal year when expenditures run higher than tax income the salaries of all policymaking federal officials, from the President down through Congress, be reduced by the same percentage that the deficit bears to the Government's Income. The sole exception would be in the event of a formal declaration of war. It's the "industrial incentive" idea applied in reverse— instead of rewarding men who produce a profit you penalize politicians who permit a deficit. Cold Front Pushed Back Into Arkansas By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The cold front that drifted out of Arkansas Wednesday is being pushed back into the state by a new surge of cooler air. The front caused considerable shower activity in the state Wednesday and the showers and thundershowers are expected to continue through Friday. Marble sized hail and winds up to about 50 miles an hour were reported early today at Horatio (Sevier County). The forecast calls for mostly cloudy skies and little temperature change through Friday. High temperatures Wednes * day ranged from 82 at Texarkana to 75 at Fayetteville. Over, night lows ranged from 56 at Harrison to 68 at Walnut Ridge. Rainfall reports for the 24-hour period ended at 6 a.m. include a trace at Pine Bluff, Walnut Ridge and Little Rock and .74 at Fayetteville. Maine Imports Some Sardines PORTLAND, Maine (AP) Some 250 tons of Norwegian sardines were imported here recently although Maine is the nation's largest exporter of sardines. "We haven't been able to depend on the sardine supply in Maine," a spokesman for the importer said, "our demand for sardines has been increasing each year, but the supply from Maine has been erratic." Hope Star Printed by Offset utty &fes*f1!*f it to and t paper tefeft or By tit! ,,. . ; ' , ' VOL. 69-No. 177 -16 Pages Star of Hope, 1899, Press 1927 Consolidated January 18, 1929 HOPE, ARKANSAS. THURSDAY, MAY 9,1968 Members Associated Pfess & Audit Bureau of Circulations Av, net paH circulation 3 mos, ending March 31, 1968**3,361 mat Health Pi«tu - Tax Hike'Is M Alcoholism, Venereal may Disease and Drug Use If! fl!it/ °" 1mt * tA ** ** ritlAM alcoholics in the land and tt By WILLIAM MORAN Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - Government health officials have pictured the nation as beset with burgeoning problems of alcoholism, mental illness, venereal disease and druguse, On top of that, the officials said, health-care costs are skyrocketing. In testimony before a House subcommittee they reported: — There are up to 6.5 million 7th Costly Plane Has Crashed LAS VEGAS, Nev. (AP) - A seventh F111A fighter-bomber, the $5-million swing-wing jet developed from the controversial By HOLGERJENSEN Associated Press Writer HOMINY FALLS, W. Va. (AP) — The families of 25 coal miners—their men entombed for the fourth day in a flooded mine—huddled around its entrance today believing rescue near. The crowd swelled to more than 500 about midnight as rumor after rumor swept the nearby mining hamlets that rescuers were closer to reaching the men than they would admit. But officials stuck to their estimate that the earliest that enough water can be pumped out to reach the men is 6 p.m. The mine was flooded Monday when the walls to an adjoining abandoned mine burst. Even then, rescue officials warned, it might not be possible to bring the 13 men nearest the mouth of the mine out immedi- TFX program has crashed, ately. They have been cramped Both pilots parachuted safely Monday noon in a cold, ^ the area where only a few since damp could stand. And It was questionable whether they can come out without aid. The mine passageway is only 36 inches high for most of its two-mile reach into the moun- s Yon'and released no detaUs'of as the camouflaged plane carrying secret combat gear ploughed into the desert Wednesday and was demolished. The Air Force described the a routine training mis- tain. Two men are a half-mile farther In than the 13. Another half mile deeper are 10 others, presumed dead. Ambulances arriving late Wednesday night set off the first wave of anticipation. But H. E Sundstrom, overnight supervl the crash 60 miles north of .las Vegas. The plane was similar to three lost recently in Vietnam. It was the eighth plane lost of two types developed from the TFX, the tactical fighter experimental program pushed by Rob- sor of rescue operations said of ert s _ McNamara when he was an imminent rescue, "It defi- secre tary of the defense. Mc- nitely Is not so. Whoever called Namara said he ^ meA at mcor . for those ambulances didn t do ^^^ a com mon basic design ^iTescuers'encountered dif- ^ both the Air Force and ficulty In trying to put an 800- Na ^ y ' nftn „ . ... gaUonVminute pump Into oper- to 1987 * Navy version of .the ation where the water was deep- P lane » J designated F111B, est. They hit bedrock with their crashed during a test program drills 200 feet from the shaft, at lang Island, N.Y., killing two civilian test pilots. alcoholics in Ihe land and their numbers grows by 200,000 annually. A growing percentage are married, middle-aged worn* en of the middle and u p p e r classes. -In a typical community of 150,000 population, where 3,000 children are born annually, one of five will require some form of mental health service and 240 will be patients in mental hospitals in their lifetime. - Gonorrhea is out of control, with a 12 per cent increase in reported cases in each of the last few years. In some population groups one of three have this venereal disease and don't know it. — All economic groups and all age groups are involved in taking the mind-expanding drug LSD, but its is falling off in colleges and high schools because of the publicity about its danger. The testimony before a House appropriations subcommittee came from Dr. William N. Stewart, U.S. surgeon general; Dr. Stanley F. Yolles, director of the National Institute of Mental Health; and Dr. David J. Sencer, director of the National Communicable Disease Center. Their statements were made in March and released Wednesday. Stewart said publicity about, the dangers of LSD contributed to a decrease in its use by students but added: "There is no question that we have a problem in all economic groups and in all age groups." Sencer said while there is adequate treatment for gonorrhea once it is detected, "the problem is we cannot diagnose it in females as well as in males. Tied in Put " By JOE HALL Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - Senate-House conferees have agreed to President Johnson's 10 per cent income tax surcharge but tied it to a $6 billion spending cut he has said Is against the national interest, The conferees said Wednesday they had accepted these two key points which the Senate approved more than a moth ago. Rep. Wilbur D, Mills, D-A rk ( , chairman of the conferees as well as of the House Ways and Means Committee, voiced hope the group could complete work on many other amendments to the bill at a final session today. The income-tax increase is the 10 per cent surcharge proposal applying to both individuals and corporations which the administration has been pushing since last August. It would yield $10 billion on a yearly basis. It would last 15 months for Individuals, from April 1 this year to June 30, 1969, and 18 months for corporations, retroactive from Jan. 1 this year to mid-1969. About 17 million low-Income taxpayers would be exempt. The $6 billion spending reduction proposal has drawn heavy fire from Johnson and other administration officials. The President told a news conference last Thursday that to go beyond a $4 billion cut In expenditures for the next year "would injure the national inter- See TAX HIKE IS On Page 2 Seen as U.S. Team Goes te Peace Parley PARIS (AP) — North Viet- An IIAm* HiffACt nam's chief delegate to peace Mr PJcWS UlgGSl contacts with the United States WASHINGTON arrived today, and his Ameri- A special House armed serv- can counterpart was due tonight ices subcommittee that Investi* for talks starting Friday. gated the M16 rifle program A crowd of 300! Vietnamese plans to examine what Its chair- and Frenchmen, carrying flags man calls "unreailsticaily high" and a banner, greeted Xuan prices in two new procurement Thuy, the Hanoi delegate, as his contracts. Federal officials threaten to use contract cancellation to combat ' Job discrimination in companies that do $75 billion worth of government business a year. Ten other pumps were continuing to take out water at the rate of 3,200 gallons a minute. Lamb to Work for McCarthy LITTLE ROCK (AP) - Ted Lamb of Little Rock said Wednesday night he will direct Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Eugene McCarthy's campaign in Arkansas. Lamb, a lawyer, said he had no immediate plans other than "try to Influence Democratic convention delegates" to support the Minnesota senator for the party nomination. Three F111A Air Force versions, carrying top secretbomb- ing and navigational equipment on Vietnam combat missions out of Takli, Thailand, were lost shortly after the first arrived in Southeast Asia last March. Although six planes were assigned to Takll, ope rational testing of the fighter-bomber has not been completed at Nellls Air Force Base, Nev., to develop tactics and doctrines for combat operation. Neither the wreckage nor the crew was found of the first F111A to crash in Southeast Asia, within three days after going Into combat. When Prices Co Up the Consumer Is Always One Who Pays Dearly plane touched down after stops In Peking and Moscow. No one cared to predict how long the Paris talks would last. But the big question In American minds was whether the Communists really want a peace settlement or planned to use the talks only to press for a bombing halt and other advantages for their military campaign in South Vietnam. W. Averell Harriman, President Johnson's envoy; and his chief aides were scheduled to arrive tonight from Washington. Xuan Thuy, the chief North Vietnamese negotiator, came by way of Peking and Moscow. The first meeting between Harriman and Thuy was scheduled Friday in the former Majestic Hotel near the Arc de Triomphe. U.S. officials expressed interest in French Foreign Minister Maurice Couve de Murville's speculation that the U.S. and North Vietnamese negotiators might move on to broad talks on ending the war as well as the scheduled preliminary discussions on the question of halting U.S. bombing of the North. American officials said they did not know whether Hanoi had asked the French government to convey this view of the talks to the West. U.S. authorities have made plain that Harriman would seek a military restrajflteby, .North Enemy Hits Saigon on Three Sides By GEORGE ESPER Associated Press Writer SAIGON (AP) - the enemy struck hard at Saigon ffdffi three sides today but a U.S. spokesman said American* forces had smashed a Viet Cotig drive to push into the capital from the south and east. On the eve of Paris peace talks, however, the enemy drove closer to the center of Saigon than at any time since the new offensive was launched Sunday. U.S. military spokesmen said 2,000 American infantrymen from the Sth Division, armored personnel carriers, helicopter, gunships and dive bombers had broken up—at least for the time committee proposes passage of being—the drive from the south President Johnson's 10 per cenb and east. A computer-era privacy battle looms In the Supreme Court over New York State's sale of auto registration data to the highest commercial bidder. A Senate - House conference income tax surcharge coupled with spending cuts of $6 billion — a price Johnson has labeled unreasonable. Federal health officials pic- Helicopter gunships a 1 s o wrecked two launching pads loaded with rockets less than a mile from the city. The U.S. Command an- ture the nation as beset with nounced 2,540 enemy soldiers growing problems of alcohol- have been killed since the as* Ism, mental Illness, venereal sault began last Sunday, disease and drug abuse. Thousands of anguished,' VIETNAM frightened civilians strearaed- American infantrymen battle into the center of the city, swell- the Viet Cong in heavy fighting ing the ranks of the homeless to- on the southern edge of Saigon mo re than 50,000. toll of civilian dead and as the Communist offensive continues for a fifth dav. U. S. officials predict long and hard bargaining with the North Vietnamese as the negotiators gather in Paris. # POLITICS' Richard M. Nixon voices his formal position ,on the fight against, crime. He is criticized by his' Republican presidential rival,-Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller, on the Issue of civil disorders. , , ..: .-./ .;. -..- . .,' By EDMUND R. DE MOCH AP Business Writer CHICAGO (AP) -H happiness Is low food prices for the housewife and high crop prices for the farmer, there are plenty of unhappy people around. The homemaker's complaint about high food prices and the farmer's lament over low Income beat a melancholy tune. How can both be true? The answer Is both simple and complex—simple in that the reasons are easy enough to pinpoint and complex in that the riddle has so far defied solution. Here are the basic factors: The farmer normally cannot choose the time when he will sell. He usually has to sell at harvest—and pretty much at the offered price—or his crops spoil. The cost of the middleman has risen sharply. This covers all the processing, packaging, and distribution that makes wheat Into a loaf of bread on failure your table. The farmer and the people to give blood to the pro" purchaser pay these Increased gram, costs, Buyers have become more se Federal farm policy has, at times, created problems for the farmer. Hepe Hopes to Become First Comedian to Become a Centenarian By HAL BOYLE NEW YORK (AP) - Bob referring again to the $150-to- Hope, who Is only a short putt $200-milllon estimate of his for- from being 65, has already set a tune, he said: goal for his 100th birthday. «jf i cou ld sell all the proper"I'd still like to be around ty i jj ave a t the value I place on then," he said, "and playing in ^ myself, It would come to a show on the moon," about a third of that." That isn't just one of the Hope, who rarely carries blithe-spirited comedian's five more than $50 in cash, owns a million catalogued jokes. He has pi ece of the Cleveland Indians, a good chance of making history an Ohio dairy, and has exten- as the first professional laugh- s j ve other financial and real es- man to become a centenarian, tate interests, Including a 5,000"My grandfather lived to be a acre property in Southern CaU- month short of 100," he re- fornia where he plans to pro- marked, "and I have a couple of d uce his own pictures, uncles who are about 90 and still But the restless actor thrives hale." on activity. He recently com- Keeping physically fit has pj et ed his 57th film, "The Pri- also been a lifelong part of his y^e N av y of Sgt, O'Farrell," In philosophy, He holds his weight which he plays an Army topkick around a trim 175 pounds by W h 0 captures a Japanese sub- regular golf sessions, long marine singlehanded. Next he'll walks, and daily stretching ex- team with Jackie Gleason in erdses. «HOW to Commit Marriage," Over a luncheon of scrambled The chores of film making eggs, apple pie and black r est lightly on him, coffee, Hope complained mildly «i»m geared to it, and I still that recent reports of his wealth en j oy performing," he said. "If had been greatly exaggerated, i didn't, I'd quit, The only real . . ... "Lord, I got rich all of a sud- ^bor Is in having to get out of of Plano Teachers of which their den," he said, "One magazine bed so early. After that, some- teachers are members, hinted I was worth about hall a body just has to point you to» billion dollars, and then Fortune war d the studio." ville L. Freeman, saying he feared a world shortage, asked farmers to produce more grain. So they bought more seed and more fertilizer and used more machinery and labor for harvesting. The farmers' costs thus went up. They produced record yields: 4.7 billion bushels of corn, i.5 billion bushels of wheat and about 1 billion bushels of soy- See WHEN PRICES On Page 2 Coufify Needs fo Fill Its Blood Quota noi lists as its priority topic: "The unconditional cessation of the U.S. bombing raids and all other acts of war against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam." French diplomats in contact with North Vietnamese officials say Hanoi is confident that it will be able to attain its prime objective in the talks—the evacuation of U.S. troops from South Vietnam. The North Vietnamese are reported to feel that the United States will eventually agree to a phased withdrawal.. Bulletproof Vest Developed NIAGARA FALL.N. Y. (AP) — A bulletproof vest of boron carbide that would stop a .30- caliber bullet has been announced by officials of the Car- borundum Co. They said new methods of producing boron carbide—a tough, lightweight ce* work to get write-in"votes^for their presidential candidates In the Nebraska primary; Sen. Robert F. Kennedy appears today before the United Auto Workers convention in Atlantic City. Humphrey spoke to the union delegates Wednesday. NATIONAL The families of the 25 men The wounded mounted to more "than 2,000. It was Saigon's worst day since Sunday, and new fears swept the city. Jets roared across the heart of the city, and moments later the thud of 500- pound bombs was heard. They, shook the downtown section/ '-. Blocks of Saigon's southern' ; and eastern sections were de- ,; stroyed under the pounding of" U.S. and South Vietnamese^ dive-bombers and helicopter gurehips, Some'houses were set- afire by the Viet Cong to. cover their movements. The U.S. Command called in. hundreds more 'infantrymen, tanks and helicopter gunships to meet the Viet Cong drive, which . late Wednesday had appeared to '••'be tapering off. There were reports, however, that the Viet' Cong had brought up reinforce- trapped in a West Virginia mine ments through the night, cover- huddle around the entrance, ing their infiltration with diversionary shelling at other points. that hoping they will be brought out soon. The Poor People's Campaign is gathering followers from points around the nation. A F111A fighter-bomber, the $5 million swing-wing jet developed from the TFX program, crashes in the Nevada desert. The reasons for high food prices for the housewife and low income for the farmer are easy to pinpoint, but the riddle Is so complex It has so far defied solution. Concessions cool some student protests but the wave of unrest hits more American campuses. ramic—allowed them to develop The Hempstead County Red a vest that was light, flexibl Cross blood program is again in and relatively low in cost, danger of being lost because of — — — _ _ ^_ All Around Town The county Is currently using /a pints for every pint contrl- Other local candidates for de- lectlve. They want better foods buted and the situation must be grees at Henderson State Col- prepared better. And this costs corrected If the county Is to have lege are June Wilson Downs, more « a ready supply of Wood for all Hope, Master In Education . .. emergencies. David Llle Porterfiend, physical To raise the 450 pints needed education .,, Regtna Day Smith, a special nine hour Radiothon will home economics. Take the grain situation in be conducted on KXAR Saturday, 1967, for example, Secretary of Agriculture Or- Piano Pupils to Audition of Texorkono Council, 11 to 12 a.m, • Kiwanis Club, 12 to I p,m. • Hempstead County Republican Women, 1 to 2 p,m, » Farm Bureau, g to 3 p.m. • Extension Home- Some 18 local piano pupils from the class of Neva-Ester's Music Studio, 503 S, Hazel. Hope makers Club, have registered as candidates for 3 to 4 p.m. • is open at this membership in the National Fra, time but will probably be fil- ternity of Student Musicians, led by a negro organization, sponsored by the National Guild Two have been contacted. 4 to 5 p.ro, - Lions Club, 5 to 6 p,m. - Jaycees, The names of the local en- 6 to 7 p,m, - B $ PW Club, trants, pupils of the Neva i If all clubs could get their May Uth from 10 a.m, to 7 The name of Bobby Barger, p,ro, Each group will have 55 Garland 2nd grader, was left minutes with a goal of 55 pints off the list of Art Show winners or a pint a minute, Here is the . . t he was awarded the best in schedule: the show, 10 to 11 a,m, - Garden Club ^rt* EvanS| ^^ ^^ and Mrs, Carl R, Evans, Rt, 4, Hope, will perform with the concert choir and concert band on Thursday at Southern State Col. lege , , ,. at Southern State she is a senior office administration major and a member of the Trl- C. Da Capo Club, and the Bap- By The Star Staff The Garland PTA will sponsor a hamburger supper Thursday, May 16 from 5 to 7 p.m. at Fair park . , . plates are 50 cents each , . . tickets may be obtained in advance from children at Garland or pay at the park. Magazine lists me in the $150- gob who is as self-made as a Ester's Music Studio of 503 S. quota this would meajj 495 pints, to-$200-nilUlon bracket. Now I'm raan can be, came to Cleveland Haze l st r eet a re: ^ "—•—••»- ••••» - -* -- r "'° "'^"" ™ m waiting for Reader's Digest to f r0 m his The bloodmobile will be at the Guendolyn Edwards, Karen Da- Red River Vocational Technical s, Lizzie Davis, Linda Gamble, School Monday i May 13th, and Gloria Garland, Cholette Tuesday, May 14th from 10 a.m, store a drug store and a Hickles, Harrette Hlckles, Bren-to 4 p.m. market before starting a * ^ Uius » Liftda Nelson, Harold 400 pints native England at the a boy he sold worked In a come out and tell me how much age of four, As I really have. newspapers and "Then, I suppose, I'll have to snoe store, a drug store and a Hlckles, Harrette Hlckles, Bren-to 4 p.m. In Hope of securing get in touch with that lady as- me at market before starting a * ^ Uius » Linda Nelson, Harold 400 pints to help Hempstead trologer in Washington and find career in show business that has Ph "Ups, Aquanette Smith, Me-County keep its vital Wood pro- out where it all is. Everybody V von him some 750 awards for cedes Smith, Norms Smith, Diane gram, Be ready to call and thinks you've got it in your golf his performing skill andphilan- stor y» Margaret Turner, Dora pledge for your favorite group, pants. It's murder," throplc zeal. Williams, Brenda Weston, Jac-then give on Monday or Tuss» &sb paused reflectively. Then, <Welyn Hamilton, day. tist Student Union. Ramwood Lake In the Proving Ground is now open for full time fishing, according to Leo Ray, Marvin Arterbury, who recently joined the City Police force, has been assigned to en* forcing parking meter violations, said Chief A, s. Willis, Two of the largest oak trees in Hope were struck by light- are There will be a Cemetery working at Anderson Cemetery, below Spring Hill, Saturday ,. .everyone is asked to bring implements , , , those not able to help are asked to send contributions to Mrs. Cecil Kidd, Rt, I, Box 17 on Fulton St, Buster Denton, District Fpres. ter, Arkansas Forestry Commission for Forest Protection Unit 6, with headquarters at Delight, has been promoted to the position of Region information Offi, cers for South Arkansas ,,. Ife. Denton is a career employe of the Forestry Com miss Jon aoj&e- gan work as a Forest Fire Lookout Towerman in 1935 on the Pen Lomond \tower . . . in 1946 he was advanced as District Forester for Clark, Pike, Nevada, Hempstead Despite the U.S. claim America and South Vietnamese soldiers were killing 10 of the enemy tor every American or South Vietnamese soldier slain in the Saigon fighting, the Viet Cong had plenty of punch left. If was the first time in me Viet Cong's flve^lay-old "peace talks" offensive that the attack had come from the east, hitting in the dock area just across the river from the former U.S. Embassy building and within striking distance of the heart of the. city. Billowing black smoke towered over the edge of the city/ but business went on as usual in most of Saigon. Civilian casualties soared. A fire blazing at the eastern edge of Cholon, the Chinese quarter, burned out of control. The wind blew the flames eastward toward the allied forces, pusnine them back toward an area on the southern edge of the city where three battalions from the U.S. 9th Infantry Division.-* 2,000 men—were battling to root out Viet Cong soldiers firing from buildings, rooftops south Vietnamese, officer^ said the Viet Cogg brought up reinforcements about 4 a.m, all along the southern edge of thje dry, covering their advance with rocket attacks to the west* Sthool Library Assistants Are Honored Five members wtre present* ed awards for "ecing beyond the Hope High School, Those being honored 04 Ramsey at 811 South Elm . , , the trees are about 25 to 30 feet apart. work with the Plstrlct Foresters other prevention and programs.