The Oskaloosa Independent from Oskaloosa, Kansas on September 14, 1878 · Page 1
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The Oskaloosa Independent from Oskaloosa, Kansas · Page 1

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Saturday, September 14, 1878
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. ' ,:. -V v - 1 Vs ;i . . i I ; , . . .... . 1 1 t i .1 17. fc-'i'S - r f 1 ""' "' ' ' ' ... - -. . . b 1 1 ii ii... i i i i i i I, i. r . ii i BU W, & F, E. ROBERTS. ?hs KsTspipsr, A Mirror ef T:s Tizss, Sir.li EeSect Credit Upia Its loss. IttWll Vdl - ' .... i. i I. - ,, . . i . 1 1, . , i. . , ! i i Mi,,, , , I.,..,, , ,, i . , ..i. . . ,. VOL. XIX, NO. 5. OSKALOOSA, KANSAS, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14,' 1878. , WHOLE JSoToil. 1 ' 1 1 J'-: t ! K - t .;. :: I - "i- . r. - j m . it II Y- . f "- 1 1 it- 'I ft r V ; i chctcd jffodrtt SOMEKODVS DARLIXG. Into a ward of the whitewashed halls. Where the dead and dying lay. Wounded by bayonets, shells and balld. Somebody's Darling was borne one day Somebody's Darling, ?o young and so brave. Wearing yet on hi pale, sweet face' Foon to be hid by the dust of the gray. The linsering light of his boyhood's grace, Matted and damp are the curls of gold. Kissing the snow of the fair yonng brow. Pale are the lips of delicate mould Somebody's Darling is dying now. Back from his beautiful, blue-veined brow, 15ruh all the wandering waves of gold; Cross his hands on his bosom now Somebody's Darling is still and cold. Kiss him once for somebody's sake. Murmur a prayer both soft and low ; One bright curl from its fair matas take They were somebody's pride, you know. Somebody's hand hath re?tel there-Was it a mother's, soft and white ? And have the lips of a sister fair Been baptized iu their waves of light ? God knows bct ! he was somebody's love: Somebody's heart enshrined him there ; Somebody wafted his name above, Night and morn, on the wings oj prayer. Somebody wept when he marched away. Looking so handsome, brave and grand : Somebody's kiss on his forehead lay, .Somebody clung to his parting hand. Somebody's waiting and watching for him Yearning to hold him again to her heart ; And there he lies with his blue eyes dim. And tliPFmiling. childlike lips apart. Tenderly btiry the fair yonng dead. Tailing to drop on his Brave a to'.r : Carv In the wooden slab at Vis head, "Homebody's Purl'iig slumbers here." Written for the Independent. EARLY RECOLLECTIONS OF KANSAS. 1JY J. II. BEXXET. Wilson's Creek. The reading of Lewis Stafford's letter, dated Aug. 17, 1861, iu last week's Ixdei'KXDext, briugs back a thousand bitter, pleasant, anxious recollections of those days. There was some, not much of "mounting of steeds in hot haste." There was more of "eyes that looked love to eyes that spake again." There was every where a deep, turbid, powerful under current of patriotism controlling nearly every movement pertaining to the war. A few assumed ll'e role of "love of country" to forward other ends. We had net yet arisen out of the starvation i of period of the year before. Business was stagnant; in many places dead. Some went into the service to learn the profession of a soldier; some to right ; some drifted in and drifted out. I beiieye Stafford only thought of the good he could do. lie was young, popular, scholarly, handsome, hail a nice little business, aud was making money. lie had a strong and abiding hope of an uncommonly happy domestic life. He left all, apparently ' willinp-ly. lie was eloquent in his canvass for recruits, and was success-full. His comrades asked to have him placed second in command, and lie was consequently mustered in as rirst lieutenant 01 company Lj. irst Uegiment 01 the Kansas olun-teer Infantry, on the 29th day of May, 1861. I am not going to write his life, in the war or out of it. He was true, honest, faithful, modest, brave; and he gave his life for his country. His comrades in this battle of Wilson's Creek were as varied as men could well be. Theophilas Jolly of whom he speaks, was a prominent man at Grasshopper Falls; as prominent as W. C. Butts, W. C. Hicks, the Hillyers, Gephart, or Cal. Smith ; and was their peer in anything; he was mustered as a pri'ate, and appointed sergeant the same day. He was killed in tlm battle. IL;3 last word were, "See them run!" when a shell tore off nearly half of one side of his face. "He died a true hero." The Spalding of whom Stafford speaks, was mustered in as a private, and appointed First Sergeant the same day. lie was promoted Second Lieutenant on the 5th day of June. After this battle he took a recruiting commission for a while, but on the olst day of October, resigned and came home. He edited a paper at Grasshopper Falls, and was once elected to the Senate from this county. He now lives at Atchison. The Captain of their company was Powell Clayton who has since the war made something of a history in Arkansas, both for himself and the State. Wm. C. Barnes, of whose actions at Wilson's Creek Stafford speaks as "not soldierly," was an Oskaloosa man. He was mustered as a priyate, appointed sergeant the same day, and was in this fight, and was wounded. Whatever may have then been his objectionable conduct, he certainly afterwards redeemed himself. He was promoted Second Lieut. Feb. 1, 1863, First Lieut, in December following, and Capt. Jan. 16, 1864; this last 'step nearly a year after Stafford was killed.. Tom feppard, who now lives here in Oskaloosa. was mustered iu and mustered out with Barnes, and i it is not so." O hypocrite and villain! served with and under him for more j You are assassinating a man by carry-than three years, and ought to know, j ing around deadly rumors concerning Tom was wounded in this fight. j him. Yeu are stabbing him behind Jo Catt and Ernst Benedict, whose his back. You say that you do not true name, by the way, was Benedix, iknow that these rumors are true; and were both from the Falls. Of the I vet vou are sureadins them. You are particulars of their deaths, I know nothing. John Weiser was badly wounded in the ankle. I don't think he ever recovered the full measure of health. He 13 among the Rocky Mountains now. Henry Griffin was a son of Allen Griffin, once Cora, of this county, and a brother of Amos, Allen, George and Brooks Griffin, who live uear Boyle Station, He had a leg broken. One of the boy3 bound two pieces of a ramrod, with a piece of a belt, to the sides of his limb, and the last seen of him he was hobbling on two muskets used as crutches from olf the field. He probably fell down and bled to death. Chas. F. Johnson recovered after he was discharged. He was one of ihree brothers who used to live where Dick Barber now lives, near Xorton-ville, all three of whom died with their boots on. Peppard wa3 the Tom Peppard spoken of above. Joseph Cretin, wounded in this battle, recovered and remained in the company to Jan 14, 18G4, when he was mustered as a veteran. He was mustered out Auff. 30, ISCo, at Little Rock. Herman Hawk was undoubtedly killed at Wilson's Creek, though I have no witness to the fact. John Shepherd. eu. listed at Grasshapper Falls. He was discharged probablv at Tipton, but never returned !:iere. I believe Vol. Kyle completely recovered from this wound. He was promoted Commissary Sergeant in Nov., 1862, and was mustered out at the end of his three years, lie is one of the happiest of the small farmers living; out on the head of Peters Creek. Martin Pearce is the "Old Martin" Stafford speaks of. He yet lives at Waterville Kans. J. II. Cowan resigned a Lieutenancy the second year of the war. Henry Turner served his three years, and re enlisted. Wm. II. Turner the same, Jto. W Zook the same, Henry Comstock the same. James Comstock was mustered out with the regiment, George Newhard was dis charged at St. Louis, and never returned here. David Nutting was wounded in the thigh, and discharged at Tipton. He lives at the "Potato Hill," north-west of the Falls; tle old wound never got well. Little Billy Cooper, an Oskaloosa man was in the lines of company E, at the time Lyon was killed, aud just then was struck by a bullet. He jumped a littie, and said "I'm shot." He never lost his place in the battle. He was not mustered in till next day. Robert Newell, Liout, in company G, the Second Kansas, an Oskaloosa man, was killed in this battle. John Sands, James Conwell, Ez. Conwell, Abram Newell, and Perce Perdue, all Oskaloosa boys, were mustered into company G, June 20. 1861, and mustered out Oct. 31, 1861. Abram Newell was wounded at Wilson's Creek. E. G. Pearce, a Lieutenant in Co. I, of the Second Kans., Elias Gibbs, a corporal, and Wm. Bates, a private Sam Wood's company. were at, nson s ureeK. lnis was I believe I have mentioned above every Jefferson County boy who was in the battle. I have brief sketches of the character, aud doincs of all of them, which may sometime see liirht. Arouxp the Melox. There is al ways a crowd of people at the laying of a corner stone, at a boat race, trotting match or "a military parade, but no couutenance wears that look of intense interest which is visible when twenty-five or thirty citizens gather around a two-shilling water melon and discuss the awful mystery concealed beneath the rind. After the melon has been "hefted," thumped, pressed and squeezed by each one of the group in turn, the man who has crossed the Alps, shot tigers in India, met the czar of Russia, and cleaned out Sitting Bull on the plains of America, declares his candid belief that it is a ripe melon. Then the man who has owned nineteen different farms, married four difierent wives, written two books on agriculture, and raised melons by the millon, asserts the specimen before them is green. The crowds divided off, yea and nay, and the owner of the melon pulls out his knife and proceeds to slowly perform the operation of "plugging." The silence is so deep that the ticking of a watch sounds like a fire alarm. Men can be 6eeu to shut their jaws and grow pale. Not a word not a whisper till the old jack-knife has performed its work. Wrhen the "plug" is pulled out to view every eye is turned upon it, every heart gives a throb, and the silence is broken by a general yell of : "Didn't we say so ?" Detroit Free Press. No Scaxdal. Don't become carriers of evil. You are bound to be careful of the reputation of your fellow-men. Much harm is done by repeating what you hear. "Have you heard the story?" "No." "Well, I don't know anything about it ; but this is the way it was told me." Then there comes the whole of the miserable tale. "It may not be true ? but this is as I heard it. I understand it to 'be so; but it may not be so; I hope alike false to your conscience and to! ' your fellow-man. Ex. j$iscdUmcous. TARIS LETTERS. From Our Own Correspondent. Pakis, Aug. 20, 1878. There is no reason why our own success, or excellence, in the manufacture of agricultural machinery should blind us to the splendid achievements of other countries in this department; and after a few hour3 study cf the English annex one cannot help being impressed by the great progress made by the mother conntry in the invention and perfection of ponderous agricultural machines. The application of steam to agiiculture is of comparatively recent introduction, and, indeed, may be said to date from scarcely 30 years ago; but the idea is old, and many clear sighted men seem to have long forseen its final adoption. The reason of the tardy application of steam to a branch of industry in which it has proved so effective, aud, m fact i the relatively recent lean, so to opeak. ' which all agricultural machinery made about the time steam plowing cinie into fashion, is probably to be sought not so much iu the character of the machinery itself as in a change of the social condition of the countries in which a demand for high class machinery has arisen. When labor is cheap and the cultivation of the soil is what writers call "intensive" rather than "extensive," the outlay of capital for new inventions is out of the question, owing to the low price of grain. But in the last few years there have been, so to speak, great revolutions in the labor of certain parts of Europe. In Southern Russia, for instance, the demand for agricultural goods lias arisen chiefly from the emancipation of the Serfs, a revolution which has resulted in a state of things similar, it seems, to that of Ireland. The peasant is satisfied to live on the little property that has fallen to his share, and has left the great proprietors in the difficult position of having much land and a great demand for its products, but no laborers. Iu Hungary there is also a demand for steam driven plows. In France and parts of Germany the soil is so divided up into minute farms that want of capital prevents the purchase of expensive implements by individual holders. England, notwithstanding the fact that she has an advance system of working the land, is not an agricultural country, and is becoming every year less of a grain growing one; but her implements have done much to revolutionize the methods iu other countries, and at the exhibition they take iu some respects the first position. It seems as if England, having satisfied her own wants, has turned her inventive faculty chiefly to those of the foreigner. Nearly every exhibitor iu the British Agricultural annex has this or that apparatus adapted to the special requirements of one couutry or another, and a visit to this annex, with the aid al difierent stands of the representatives of the firms exhibiting, is, I need scarcely add, very interesting. Some of these gentlemen have spent years in the countries for which their several machines are made, and their explana tions are, in many cases, a fresh page j in the history ot husbandry, lhis is indeed a feature of the department in question, and, added to the uniform courtesy with which every inquiry is at once replied to by all from the chief to the porter, much contrast with the state of things in the French branch, where it is rare to find the person in charge of the machine, and who, when he is found, is in a fitter state to receive information than to impart it. The French have a large collection of portable engines, thrashing machines and othpr implements; but I remarked nothing new in their construction. I remarked also that English portable engines, even with the duty and transportation paid, can compete with those exhibited by France, while in point of workmanship the French engines cannot put forward a claim to perfection. Everything in the French branch is painted ready for use, while the Euglish exhibitors have purposely left their steel work free for examination. A much more interesting display than the French, though much smaller, is that of the United States. Here are shown mowers, reapers, and sheaf-binding reapers, for which several American firms are well known on both sides of the Atlantic. What strikes one chiefly is the lightness aud handiness of everything they, and, I must add, the Canadian manufacturers show, and also the cheapness of their machines. No doubt but that American ingenuity has had an effect to awaken Euglish manufacturers, and many a pretty little contrivance, and sometimes a big one, proves that the English have something besides a market for their productions. Americans have done everything in their power to make an impression upon the visitor to their agricultural section; valuable metal and carving have not been spared to give brilliance to the machines on their stands, and I heard the ironical remark that glass cases should have been placed over some of them. The American display is, however, very attractive for other reasons than this, and having with character istic ingenuity, set all the knives and rakes of their reapers and mowers in motion, they have avoided the solemn silence of 1 agricultural the Eti-I'ah and rrench annexes. And this ii re- ally not unimportant, for many are attracted to the American shed by the mere novelty of motion in agricultural machinery. C. A. S. Pakis, Aug. 27, 1878 ; All arrangements are now made for! the ceremony of the distribution of prizes to take place at the Palais de V Industrie, September 18th. Seats have been placed for about 23,000 persons. It has been decided that the official procession will be formed at the Palais du Corps Lcgislatif, from which it will proceed to the Champs Elysees. Great discontent is expressed in the foreign sections at the small number of medals that are to be awarded them. The French are to have the lio'n's share ol the prizes and decorations. If this ! often repeated unfairness were to altogether do away with the prize giving system, it would do well. It is false from beginning to end. When merit is well backed, by money it succeeds, aud then only. A well known mechanical engineer.speaking to me on this subject, said : "Unless one goes into an Exhibition with spirit there is nothing to be done." I asked him what he meant by 'spirit.' His roply was : "Why, to do things in a handsome manner aud altogether regardless of cost. Apart from the expense of my stand, I have spent nearly 15,009 in bringing my machines before the public." I observed t "I suppose this was in advertisements." "Not a cent of it," he replied. "It wa3 in lunches and dinners to jurors, to commissioners, to ministers, aud to people connected with the press. Nobody has been coarsely bribed, but ev ery oue thinks kindlv of me, and if there is a prize going I shall be the man to pick it up. At Vienna I spent nearly as much.and I am afraid I spent a good deal more at Philadelphia. Were I older I should probably think Exhibitions aud the cost they entail a bore. But so far I have enjoyed them. I feel all the excitemonl af a man en. gagod in a race for a prize, aud know that if I mind myself, and make no blunders, I am sure to win." To what nation this enterprising ex hibitor belongs I will not say. I believe he told me the truth and nothing but the truth, though he may not have told- the whole truth. A French juror in the class of artis tie bronzes said to me this morning : "There should be no such thing as j prizes. All we should be asked for is reports. We do great mischief iu awarding medals. The house in. the habit of carrying off the laurels is injured if it leaves the Exhibition except H3 a victor. A house doing just as well will not have an opportunity to rise if we do not grant it a prize. Customers will fall off aud the notion will get out that the firm is no longer able to do as well as formerly. Often our awards are guided by personal taste, for which there is no accounting. This artistically designed candlestick is just as perfect as that, but I like that better than this ; so I say, crown the maker. It is not a question of merit, but of my liking, and t ie preference may come from some thing in it I associate with my childhood. When we find six manufacturers of equal excellence and I have found as many what is a man to do ? My : advice to my collegues has been to draw lots and let the world know our mode of procedure. But this was rejected as eccentric. Mankind must have beaten paths and a good lot of humbug in its general life. Since they would not take my advice I have formed my own plan. Do you know what it is will decide my vote? A young woman came to my house a few days ago. She was shown into the room in which I was breakfasting, aud was accompanied by two small children. A servant followed carrying a bundle of account books. The lady when she went to state her case burst into tears. It was embarrassing to me, but I encouraged her to proceed. She said I am doing a very extraordinary thing but I caunot help it. My necessity must be my excuse. She then told me that she was the vife of whose bronzes I must have seen and admired in the Exhibition. I confessed to having thought them admirable. Well she went on, 'please look at those account books and see what tremendous sacrifices we have made to appear well at the Exhibition. Nothing but a medal cau save us.' She gained her point, I confess, and I promised to give her husband the pre ference. Why should I not?. He is abreast with the greatest houses in Paris, and it is better to preserve a drowning man than to hand another from a good boat into a luxrious barge.. There are cases in which votes of the visitors to the Exhibition sho'd be taken. If female sufferage were appealed to in the needle embroidery section it would not go far astry. Why not ask every woman going there to state on a piece of paper what most pleased her, and drop it in a box near the door? Of course the public could not pronounce in. cases where t 1, - 1 1... i.j - : j : v..v.- .!, .:.ij w- 1 it-i linn 11 Kii iii ikiu'h r 111 1 r 1 iiiti should be oi .i i . t ther they should only . v--j - - j -1 make reports, noti award medals It has been resolved by the authorities to preserve the buildings after the Exhibition ha3 closed. All the substantial portions of the erections, together with the garden facing the river, will be maiataied for the benefit of the city, and the Palace of the Troca-dero will be converted into a permanent museum. . " ' (J. A. S. Wlial Mr. Sherman Says. In his Toledo speech Secretary Sherman defined his position on the finance question as follows : Mv official position for manv vears in the Senate connected me w'ith the financial legislation of Coneress. and mJ present office requires me to carry out these Jaws. 1 he questions now mostly discussed are the silver aid resumption questions. These are only a branch of the currency question, but they present the main difficulties in the administration of the treasury. The election this fall for members of the House of Representatives will practically settle them. While I freely and frankly express my own opinions, I will cheerfully execute the judgement of the citizens, as expressed by Congress. I want the largest amount of currency that can be maintained at par with the established coin of this conntry. We must have coin money and paper money, and plenty of both. Though our money may be of many kinds, it must all have the same purchasing power. The representative qualities of good money are stability, equality, and convertability. Depreciated mone'y cheats the ignorant aud enriches the money changer. No distinction should ever be made between coin money and paper money, or between the note holder and the bondholder. The money provided by the government should pay all debts, and be U9ed for all debts subject to these conditions. I am for the largest amount of each kind of money demanded by the wants of business. Silver is the best and most convenient money for the market and shopping transactions of life No form of paper money can profitably take the place of silver. Fractional currency costs interest on the money to maintain it in a decent condition. Silver will displace gold if coined at less than its market value and issued without limit. The silver in the new legal dollar is worth less in the market than gold or even the paper dollar, and if issued without limit will surely depreciate below the gold dollar, and will become the single standard of value. Lut gold also is an indispensable standard of value ; it measures all the larger transactions of business. Its demonetization would be as great an injury as that of silver. lam in favor of so adjusting matters that both silyer and gold will circulate at par with each other,, so that a dollar of either will purchase precisely the same. This can be done by limiting the amount of silver to be issued or by readjusting the relative weights of the two coins. Don't? for Husbands. Don't think that when you have won a wife you also won a slave. Dou't think that jour wife has less feeling than your sweetheart. Her relationship to you has only changed, not her nature. Don't think you can dispense with all the civilities toward her you married. She appreciates those things quite as much as other woman. Don't be gruff and rude at home. Had you been that sort of a fellow before marriage, the probabilities are you would be sewing on your own buttons still. Don't make your wife feel that she is an ineumberance on you by giving grudgingly. What she needs give it cheerfully, as if it were a plasura to do so. She will feel better, and so will vou. Don't meddle in the affairs of the house under her charge. You 1 1 have uo more uusmess poKing your nose into the kitchen than she has to walk into your place of busines and give directons to your employes. Don't hud fault with her extravagance in ribbon, etc., until you have shutdown on cigars, tobacco, etc. Don't leave your wife at home to nurse the children, on the score of economy, while you bolt down town to see the show or to spend a dollar on billards. Don't hasten as if just sent for to bolt your supper and hurry up to spend the evenings lounging around away from your wife. Before marriage you could not spend evenings enough with her. Don't prowl iu loafing resorts until midnight, wasting your time in culpable idlenesSj, leaving your wife at home to brood over your neglect and her disappointment. Dou't think the woman you promised to "love, cherish, and protect" became your slave as her part of the contract. Don't think that board and clothes are sufficient return for all a wife does for you. Don't expect your wife to honor you and love you if you prove a brute un worthy of love and honor. Don't ca ress your wife in public aud snarl and grol at her in private. This proves that you are a hypocrite and a dog. Don't. wonder that your wife is not a3 cheerful as jshe used to be, when . she labors from early morn until late at night to pander to the caprice of a sel fish man who has not soul enough to appreciate her. Don't, if your -wife has faults, be constantly reminding her of them, while you have neyer a word of commendation for her virtues. Ti I ItJ !.L II 11 ue uiu mat wuo you, you wouiu 1 - ; be as mad as a hornet. Don't expect your wife to have no failings Not to have them is not to be human ; aud you were marrying a womau wheu you married her. She thought she manied a man, and don't deceive her. In Maine a man got too much of the ardent aboard, and was put iato a coffin to sleep off the effects of the liquor. When he awoke he sprang oat in hot haste, exclaiming, "Glory!- Ihe res urrection morn has come, and' I'm the first man on the ground." ' ' ' ': Josh billings on Laser Deer. I haye finally cum to the conclusion that lager as a beverage is not intoxicating. I hav been told so by a German who said he drank it all nite long, just to try the experiment, and was obliged to go home sober in the morning. I hav seen this same man drink eighteen glasses, and if he was drunk it was in German, and nobody could understand it. It is proper enuff to state that this man kept a larger beer saloon ; could hav no object, in stating what was not strictly thus. I believe him to the fullest extent of my ability. I nev er drank but three glasses of lager iu my life, and that made my head ontwist as tho it was hung on the end of a string, but I was told that it was owing to my bile being out of place ; aud I guess that it was so, for I never biled over wus than I did when I got home that nite. My wife thot I was going to die, and I was afraid that I should'ut for it seemed as tho everything I had ever eaten iu my life was comin to the surface ; and I beiieve that if my wife hadn't pulled off my boots just as she did, they wud hav cum thunderin up too. 0 how sick I wuz ! 14 years ago, and I can taste it now. 1 never had so much experience in so short a time. If any man shud tell me that larger beer was not intoxicating I shud believe him ; but if he shud tell me that I wasn't drunk that night but that my stummuck was out of order, shud ask him to state over in a few words just how a man felt and acted when ho was set up. If I wasn't drunk that nite, I had some of the most natural simptums that a man ever had and kept sober. In the first place it was about eighty rods from where I drank the lager beer to my bouse, and 1 was jest over two hours on the road, and a hole busted through my pantaloon neez, and I didn't hav any hat, and tried to open the door by the bell and hiccuped awfully and saw everything in the room trying to get around on the back side of me, and, sitting down on a chair, I did not wait loi.g enough for it to gt-t exactly under me when it wuz going rouud, and I sat down a little too soon and missed the chair about twelve inches, aud couldn't get up soon enough to take the next one that came along; and that ain't awl ; my wife sed I was drunk as a beast, and, as I sed before, I began to spin up tilings freely. If lager beer is not iutoxicating it used me most almighty mean, that I know. Still I hardly think that lager beer is intoxicating, for I hav been told so; and I am probably the only man living who ever drunk eny when his liver was not plumb. I dt-n't wan't to say anything against a harmless temperance beverage, but if ever I drink eny more, it will be with mi hands tied behind aud mi mouth pried open. A Southron's Boast Wasiiixgtox, August 2. The National Jlepublican has received the following interesiag letter, typical of the peaceful frame of mind of the conciliated South Carolinians : Greenville, S. G, July, 1878. To the Editor Sir : Aud so you fellows are squirming up North, are you ? We have you just where we waDt you. Yoa gave the ballot to the damn 'niggers, and now that we have utilized them to our advantage, you mourn and refuse to be comforted. V r.ly, have the nigger-loving radicals been hoisted by their own petard ! You talk about over riding States rights by taking some radicals from our jail who have murdered one of our best citizens. "Just try that 011 will you ?" But you have no officer here who possesses the nerve to attempt such a thing. Will you use the army to enforce old Everts' decree ? Forty thousands Confederate veterans will sreet them when they come on any such unhallowed mission. We are in the Union and will not again leave it to fight Yankees. When the next "unpleasantness"' occurs, which God grant is net far distant, we will thrash you in the Union and under the flag. Now, just "crack your whip' and "d d be he who first cries, etc Don't judge us by such vermin as old Key, whose fit avocation in life is that of a horse drover, but remember that we are true Southrons, who will perish before we will submit to dishonor. Remember our motto, "Nemo me impune lacess'U" Rofton , Herald. , (Signed) Pal3ITTO. m ' The brilliant-and remarkably permanent color of the eggs of many birds has led Liebermann to investigate its cause. He finds that hewever widely different, thesa colors are from, each other, they. are due essentially to but two coloring matters, one a blue or green substance, probably a biliary coloring matter, the ether characterized by a remarkable alsorptioti spectrum. These coloring matters are contained in the superficial layer of the shell, often iu sever.d thicknesses. Wrhen the shell is treated witht.hydro-chloric acid the coloring separates in flocks, and by treatment with.-alcohol a strong solution may bj obtained. W'th the eggs of gulls and plover an unsuccessful attempt was made to obtain the coloring matter pure, But justice and liberality accord to others the rights wc claim for ourselves. About Yellow Fever. Yellow fever iu an epidemic form 13 said never to have reached an elevation of 500 feet above the sea level, nor has it often in late years appeared in ay northern cities as an epidemic. New York was first attacked, so far a is known, iu 1668, and for considerably more than a century there were occasional epidemies, but there ha9 been none of any importance since 1822. Philadelphia was first visited by the epidemic iu 1695. There were several thousand deaths from the disease in 1793 and in 1798, and again in 1805, but since that time greater attention has been paid to quarantine and to other sanitary precaution?, with cr responding immunity from yellow fever epidemics. New Orleans seems to have at least one great epidemic every ten years, aud the mortality this year, is likely to exceed that of any year since 1867, when there were over three thousand victims. The experience of past years seams to show that there is not the slightest danger of yellow fever becoming epidemic in a northern port if proper precautious are takeu by the health authorities against its introduction and spread, aud it is quite probable that New Orleans. and the towns in the Mississippi Valley could rid themselves of the scourge by paying more attention to drainage,street cleaning, and the care of imported cases of sickness. Philadelphia Ledger. Oldest Church ix America. It was built in 1681, in the town of Hingham, Mass., and is still occupied as a place of worship. The bell rope hangs down in the middle of the house, where it was placed in order that the bell might be rung instantly to give the alarm of a sudden Indian incursion. There are many of the old-fashioned square pews in the house, enclosed by what resembles, more a high and substantial unpainted fence, than anything to he seen in a modern church. The frame is of oak, and the beams are huge and n 11 memos. The old house is good for two hundred years more. The old church has an old pastor, ihe Rev. Joseph Richardson, he having preached in it for fifty-three yesirs. Scrap Book. There are certain facts that every age no matter how far advauced beyond the dullness of their progenitors. must learu for themselves. Oue of these facts is the difference between value nnd worth. Things may have great value and yftbe quite worthless. A jeweled cup might have a value of thousauds of dollars, and be of less worth than a drink of water to a poor wretch perishing from thirst. A man may possess "all that heart could wish," of hard cash, and be of all men the most miserable hated by his fellows and hateful to himself. Our very word for an accumulation of gold, "miser," is the Latin equivalent to our "miserable." A good dairyman gives his experience that bran is an excellent food for cows at any time when extra food is required. He has generally been able to get from it more milk than from an equal cost of any other ground feed. It is better suited to warm weather than meal. As the weather becomes cool, if the cows are at all thin, meal may be profitably added. At any rate, he advises that feed enough of some kind should be given to keep up both milk and strength all the fall. Ouo of the worst errors a dairyman ever commits is to let a cow gy into winter quarters drooping. 1 The howling of a dog in the night is a sign that a death will soon occur. The Pennsylvania Dutchman whose faith fixed on this sign, gave an inci dent in proof of its correctness thus : "One night mine old dog Bose he howls all the evening, and he howl like every thing, when mo and mine frau go to bed aud in the night Kathrineshe vake me up and say : 'Hans I not sleep pretty much any. Bose he howl so, vat ish de matter V And I say, 'Some-pody vill be dead pretty quick already' and den we go to sleep mit ourselves, and de next morning I look in mine paper and by jingo dere was a man died in Cincinnati." A grandson of Mrs. Genera Eaton, who was once world-famous as the in triguing wife of Jackson's Secretary of War, is acquiring an unenviable notoriety in New York. Having an accomplished bit of baggage for a wife, he employs her talents in stirring; the ancient Adam in old bones and committing them to indiscretions at a moment when the husband returns. His anger is appeased by a money consideration, which .-the parties - entrapped are usually, willing to pay- through fear-of exposure. He barked -up the wrong tree the other day, aud is now is jaiL . The first iBtroductioo of John B. Gongh to. the people of Worcester Mass., among whom for many years he has male his hom. was in 1840, when he visited that cityt with a diorama of the Battle cf Bunker Hill. His business in connection with the show: was to-luru a crank that set the fijuresan motion, and t sing songs in the praises of the exhibition. He dis. liked the life, for while he made others laugh he was very sad himself, and soon received work from, a kind hearted bookbinder there. Stand firmly by principle, even at the expense of setnijug friendship. SCItAP-RAG. Striped stockings cover a nrjUit'u'fc of shius. He wl o separates friends is an en?t mv to both, though seeniiur otherwise. I Thccanuing rf meats, fruits aud, vegetables has become an immense; business. Iu Main over 5,()0U,O0l) cans of corn are picked anmiallv, the sales of which amount to 81,150,000, giving employment to 10,000 people" during the packing easou. Herring have returned to tho coast of Sweden after many years' b?eicv' and numerous great fishing establish- nii nts that had been abandoned and goe to ruin are now likely t ba re vivrd. The herring fishery was one. of the most prosperous industries or the couutry one hundred years ago. "Sound" said the schoolmaster, "is ' . what you hear. For instance, you cannot feel a sound." "Oh, yes, you' can," said a smart boy. "John Wilson," retorted the pedagogue, "how do' you make that out ? What sound can yon feel ?" "A sound thrashing, ,r quickly replied the smart boy. The only real stag-hunting which is ' now to be found in England is in a' romantic and secluded district wf Devonshire, where the river Eke takes it ' rise, known as Exmoor." Here tha ; deer are carefully preseryed for hunt-j ing purposes, but are essentially wild deer aud afford good sport. "The very best butter now made," says Prof. Arnold, "is nut worked at ' all. The globules are cooled to a ' point wheu they will cohere easily, ' then dippoil out with a ladle, the but- termilk rinsed out, salted by stirring in the salt, then putting into a tub, ' merely putting it together aud not ' working at all." The work upon the Washington 1 monument will soon bo resumed. ' There ha3 already been expanded upon, it the sum of $230,0 J ) ; the amount appropriated r its completion U 8250,000.' It will be 485 ' fe-t high, 5 feet bibber than the pyramid of Cheopst, in Egypt. . It will take ' two years more to complete it. Make your farm so valuable by con- ' stant improvement, skillful culture, good fruit, ornamental shrubbery ami ' pleasant surround tugs that no money will tempt you to leave.. We think " it should be the settled purpose of every young man to put down his stakes for life, to make a permanent homo which he will never wish to part with ' till he is called to the better land-Mr. Bryant was probably the walthi-est poet this country has produced, ".-and, with perhaps the exceptions of Samuel Rogers and Isml Byron, the . wealthiest, or among the wealthiest, of the Old World. His estate is said to ba ' wortli 8500,000. Newspaper writiug, aud still more, judbious investment,'. ' however, added much more to his. riqhes than ever his poetry did. - For exterminating red ants dissolve some camphor in a smfll quantity of methylic alcohol, precipitate it by addition of water, and project a little of the suspended camphor into their haunts. A very small quantity of car- ' bolic. acid used ip. a similar manner will answer as well or better especially if the solution contains glycerine. -Tobacco and water ordered borax are ' also said to be effectual. In a meeting of the Massachusetts ' Deutal Society, Dr. G. F. Waters de- ' scribed and tested a very simple and -easy remedy for burns and scald, consisting simply in covering the af-" fected part with common bicarbonate ' of soda the ordiuary soda u.ed in 1 cooking and theu overlaying a wet -cloth. The severe pain is immediately relieved, and the bum rapidly luals. -Dr. Waters poured boiling water on " one of his wrists, and then he applied -the soda and the wet cloth. The town of Elton, Durham County, -England, puts in a claim to having the oldest woman in the world as one of its citizens. Her name is Mary Benton, and though al I edged to have been born February 12. 1731, and therefore to be in her 148th year, still -she is in possession of all her faculties, . perfect memory, hearing and eyesight. -the cooks, washes and irons, threads her own needle and sews without spec-i-tacles. Nearly seventy-five million gallons of liquor were drank in this country during the past year. Over fifty-seven -million galllons were distilled spirits, . and ten million gallons were malt l:q-uors. This gives oyer a gallon and a . half for every, in a,- woman and child ;-in the eountryv.- Leaving out the mil- -lions of; women asd children who do not drink, together with the male -Murphyites and tec-totalert generally," the regular drinkers- niH.-d make way with an appalling qttmtity of the fiery beverages. Five-sevenths of the liqur.- m whisky-.. One of tb most interesting items of" news 13 ifc statistics of-enaigrants ar riving at Castle Garden for thirty one ? 'year. Superintendent Jackson gives . the following figure: Total arrivals, from May 5, 1847. to June I, 1878,. 5 683,604, of which Germany furnish-, od.the largest proportion 2,146,491 ;, Ireland snt 2,014.752 ; England, 742,. 207 ; Scotland, 159,5 1 6 ; S -reeden, 1 2 1 855 ; France, 109,347. The remain-V der, 389,496, came from thirty other countries. Arabia only faralshd L4. the. so?aJ.jet. uunjhcj - , . i - n I?: i ' 1 r

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