Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 24, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 24, 1963
Page 4
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f Golesbura ReQistef»Mait, Gatesburq, HI. Wed, July 24, NATIONAL FARM ^ SAFETY WEEK 1963 JULY 21-27, 1963 AS YOU SOW ... SO SHALL YOU REAP EDITORIAL Co mil ent and Review Farming-High Hazard Industry For many years farming has ranked as the third most hazardous occupation. Only mining, including quarrying and petroleum drilling, and construction have higher death rates. In general the death rate from farm accidents has followed national trends, decreasing steadily since the turn of the century. But where the rate on farms was once below the national average, in recent years it has been higher. And the difference appears to be increasing. In 1961, when the national rate fell to an all-time low of 50.4 deaths per 100,000 population, the farm average rose to 58.8. National Farm Safety Week, July 21-27, is an opportune time to examine the record to learn where farm safety falls down. National Safety Council statistics show that motor vehicle, home, and public accidents—the three largest accident, categories nationally—hit farm residents about as hard as the rest of the country. It is in work safety that farming lags behind. Work accidents are second only to motor vehicle accidents among farm residents, comprising 31 per cent of the total. Other industries have developed safety procedures that have made work accidents the smallest of all four categories—account­ ing for 15 per cent of the nation's accident toll. These same procedures, put to work on the farm, can bring farm safety back into line with the national record. A farmer must be many kinds of a craftsman. He often is called on to be a carpenter, an electrician, a mechanic. He uses fuels, chemicals, fertilizers and many different kinds of machines. To work safely he must know and follow the safe practices developed in many different industries. In most industries, employes' mistakes are noticed and corrected immediately. But much of farm work is done away from direct observation and supervision. Too often, an unsafe act, unseen and unrecognized, becomes a habit instead of being corrected promptly. These bad habits must be discovered and replaced with proper methods. National Farm Safety Week is not a week in which to be more careful, then to be forgotten until next year. Instead it is a time to examine work habits, to compare methods with those proved effective in other industries, and to seek out better and safer ways to do our jobs. Accident prevention is a year-round job. An official "week" is simply a reminder that emphasizes the importance of that job. Every week should be Farm Safety Week. Save-the-Leopard Plea Fashion trends usually appear to be mere feminine whimsey. Sometimes they have serious overtones. An urgent plea comes from the National Audubon Society to American women to quit buying coats made of leopard skins. The recent fashion trend has created an extraordinary demand for the big African cat 's fur, and his very existence hangs in the balance. Although the animal is protected by law in most African nations, poaching is gettting out of hand. Wildlife authorities in Nairobi and Johannesburg have confirmed the danger, ger. Leopards are being shot, speared trapped at a rate estimated at 80 per faster than their capacity to reproduce. The conservationists hope this fur soon passes. and cent fad The Great Pugilistic Fraud So Sonny Liston defeated Floyd Patterson again, surprising no one. The only surprise involved is that so many people would pay money to attend the event. Recollecting that a boxing contest is sup- No Count-Downs On First Rockets ROSWELL, N. M. (UPP-The intricate count-down in launching modern missiles was unheard of on New Year's Eve of 1930 when Dr. Robert H. Goddard fired a missile in his first success. It went up Jess than half a mile but helped earn for the scientist recognition as the father of modern rocketry. Charles W. Mansur, now an aerospace engineer for the U.S. Army at White Sands Missile Range, N.M., was an assistant to Goddard. "There was no such tiling as a count-down in those days," Mansur said. "When ue were ready to fire, we fired.'" posed to be an encounter between two athletes of similar ability, so that the outcome is problematical, it is obvious that this requirement was not met by Monday night's affair. Clover publicists have spotlighted many psychological stresses that were side-issues of the matching of Patterson and Liston for this encounter, with the result that a rozy haze of bogus animosity and giant-killerism surrounded the arrangements. Many paid admissions as though it was all for real. The event was a travesty on sport, and no credit to the fistic fraternity. Replacement NEW YORK tL'PP—Siowly but surely the poor old goose is being replaced by loam rubber. Whereas moit pillows were at one time made of goose-down, an estimated 15 million pounds of latex foam rubber went into pillow production m 1961. Long Monorail .NEW YORK (LTD—Construction has begun on the Orient's longest monorail system which will 'link downtown Tokyo with Tokyo International Airport, says the Japan National Tourist Association. Scheduled for completion by Sept. 1, 1964, in time for the Olympics, the system will transact about 138,000 passengers daily along the eight-mile route at speeds of more than 40 miles per hour. Hundreds of Red Spies Comb U. S. for Secrets By PEfER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — Alt the sweetness and ever-loving coexistence coming out of the Mos* cow nuclear test ban conference preliminaries is in marked contrast to the growing record of Russian espionage now being disclosed in major western capitals. There's a belief that the Soviet spy network has been vastly ex« panded since the end of World War II. This is verified by the number of Russian diplomatic per* sonnel assigned to the United States, nearly doubled in the last 10 years. In May 1954 there were 212 Russian officials assigned to the United States. FIVE YEARS LATER, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover put the number at 313 — an increase of almost 50 per cent. As of May 1, 1963, however, there were 415 Russians in the United States, assigned to Washington and the United Nations headquarters in New York. More­ over, there were 31? diplomats from the seven Communist satellites in the U.S. . The 19 Cuban officials assigned to the United Nations in New York brings the total to 751. They had 1,118 dependents in this country. This aggregate, furthermore, does not include an unknown number of American Communists who may be reporting to Red master spies. Since it has been estimated that 70 to 80 per cent of the Communist-country officials assigned to this country are in intelligence work, the spy potential is about 500 to 600 operatives. Three years ago the U.S. State- Department estimated that Russian and Chinese bloc countries had some 300,000 trained spies serving throughout the world. The number is greater now. , . THIS YEAR'S spy mania opened with the Soviet's public trial and execution of its own Col. Oleg Penkovsky. He had been charged with betraying Russian secrets to the western powers, The case was used to frighten the Russian people and to tighten the Soviet's own security network. Hard on the heels of these disclosures last May came the British War Minister John Profumo- Christine Keeler scandals which also involved Russian Navy Capt. Y. M. Ivanov, Other European capitals rocked with Russian spy disclosures in rapid succession. In Stockholm Col. Sig Winner- strom, a disarmament specialist, was exposed as having given i 11 ii • i * i pTr J m Past: j£ Present These they set before the apostles, and (hey prayed and laid their hands upon them.—Acts 6:6. * * * Between the humble and contrite heart and the majesty of heaven there are no barriers; the only password is prayer, —Hosea Ballou. Sweden's secrets to the Russians for IS years. Bonn put on trial three of its top intelligence agency operatives —Heinz Felfe, Hans Clements and Erwin Tlebel—for betraying Wesl German secrets to Russia. A case with a different ending involves Dr. Guiseppe Martelll, an Italian atomic scientist just cleared by a British jury on charges of passing secrets to the Russians, Now undergoing his second trial in New York is U.S. Navy Yoeman Nelson C. Dcummond, accused of the sale of confidential defense information to the Soviet Union. THE PRIZE BOO-BOO in the international espionage game is the case of Soviet master spy, Anotoly Dolnytsin, still not fully disclosed. A year and a half ago he surrendered to American agents in West Berlin, who kept his defection secret. When he went to London to help the British clean up their shattered Intelligence service, hlft name was foolishly made public. Moscow claims he is still In Russia. But other reports havt Russian counterspies on his trail to kill him if they can catch him, The one new spy plot Is the case of the Russian couple — real names unknown — caught by the FBI in Washington. They had:assumed the identities of two innocent and Unsuspecting American citizens, the Rev. Robert K Baltch, an Amsterdam, N.Y., priest and a Norwalk, Conn., housewife whose maiden nam* was Joy Ann Garner. THE PHONY "Mr. and Mrs. Robert Baltch" were caught red- handed passing military information to Ivan Egorov, a Russian United Nations official In New York, and his wife. All four hav« now been arraigned for trial. But this case of stolen identities is one that not even the mystery fiction writers had dreamed up. Per the I'iiiteii vear. capita consumption of vegetables in States is li'.'j to u iO pounds per Event of 1783 Has a Current Significance By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON — Thefe occurred in Philadelphia, Pa., on June 21, 1783, an event that would profoundly affect the creation of a Federal City in the District of Columbia. It is an event worth recalling as upwards of 100,000 angry citizens prepare to march on Washington late next month. THE YELLOWED PAGES of the North American Intelligencer and the Pennsylvania Packet, both Philadelphia newspapers, tell the story well. On Thursday, June 19, 1783, a group of 80 mutinous soldiers of the Continental Army marched on Philadelphia. They came to demonstrate at the Continental Congress for the right to choose their own officers, for higher pay and better working conditions. Two days later, on Saturday, June 21, the soldiers stormed the Continental Congress. An eye-witness Intelligencer account reads: "To the astonishment of the city, and the public dishonor, these troops, with fixed bayonets and drums beating, marched into the State House, the seat of Congress and the Supreme Executive Council. "Having placed guards at the different doors, and set off detachments to those places where they supposed arms and ammunition were deposited, they set up a written paper to the President and council desiring that they might be authorized to choose their own officers and demanding an answer in 20 minutes, or an enraged soldiery would be let in upon them. "No address was made to Congress, which was assembled upon special business; but not choosing to deliberate under the bayonets of an armed mob, they retired without any other insult offered to them, collectively or individually. "In the meantime the soldiery grew very clamorous, complaining of the detention of their pay, of the non-settlement of their accounts, intermixed with general reproaches on public authority of every kind, and threats of violence if their complaints were not instantly attended to." THE "WRITTEN PAPER" was immediately taken under consideration by a special Committee of the Congress and the sergeants who led the mob were able to keep peace and order for a while. In the meantime, the Congress sent an urgent message to the Supreme Executive Council of the State of Pennsylvania, asking that effective measures be taken to safeguard the public from a "disorderly and menacing body of armed soldiers." Pennsylvania officials' shot back an answer, saying their militia was "disinclined to act upon the present occasion." Congress reacted immediately, by adjourning until June 26 at Princeton, N. J. An editorial in the Pennsylvania Packet suggested a solution to the whole mess: "Ought not the Representatives of the Congress be securely and commodiously placed that the business of the Continent may not, by any local or accidental circumstances, be interrupted?" SUBSEQUENTLY a Constitutional Convention was called for the purpose of framing a Constitution for the United States. Article 1, Section 8, of that Constitution states that: "Congress shall have the power ... to exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding , 10 miles square) as may, by Cession of Particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of Government of" the United States." Members of Congress from Virginia and Maryland, who had been present at Philadelphia, convinced their governors to each cede a small tract of land to the Central Government and the District of Columbia was created. THE REASON for all this was explained by James Madison m the Federalist Papers: "Without complete authority at the seat of government ... the public authority might be insulted and its proceedings interrupted with impunity." Copyright 1963 Curbstone Economist Proposes Primary Moves By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN WHEN IT COMES to currency matters, this columnist is a curbstone economist. But I once took a course in Aristotelian logic, which ought to hold good both on and off curbstones, and some of our distinctly non-logical ways of defending the dollar have me completely baffled. Since a currency, in this suspicious world, must be tied to a supporting base (short of the use of clubs and guns to make people accept paper at face value), the aim of any American administration must logically be to keep a certain amount of gold at home. This could always be done by forcible imposition of exchange controls. But we are a free people, and we have preached the desirability of free convertibility of currencies. So the democratic way of defending the dollar in a free world would seem to involve making a couple of kindergarten, or primer, moves. The first move would be to stop giving titles to gold away — i.e., cut foreign aid save where it is very demonstrably a substitute for defense expenditures. The second move would be to slice the tax-consum- •ing fat out of domestic spending programs that help keep us a high-cost nation and so makes it unprofitable for foreigners to buy our goods. But the days go by, and the THE MAILBOX The body of American! hero John Paul Jones is enshrined at the L.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md. School Vacations Editor, Register-Mail: It is the belief of many educators that children need more weeks in school per year than the required 36. A good system would be six weeks in school with one week's vacation, and continue through the year in that routine. I also read that m one community after teachers had taught a certain number of weeks or months they were given a vacation. Russia doesn't give its children that much vacation. We do not need to advocate Russia's policy, but our children would have something beneficial from their time in school, which some don't REMINISCING Of Bygone Years FIFTY YEARS AGO Thursday, July 24, 1913 Employing the same tactics which characterized other burglaries in Galesburg, thieves broke into the Galesburg Steam Laundry. No money was taken but several shirts were stolen. Evidently believing that he heard someone and fearing capture, a burglar, who had invaded the home of Mrs. Mary Neece, 949 N. Cherry St., jumped from a second-story window and escaped with about $80. TWENTY YEARS AGO Saturday, July 24, 1943 Users of fuel oil, for heating private dwellings in Knox County during the coming winter season, wore not returning their ration applications promptly, a meml>er of the local rationing board slated. A fire of unknown origin destroyed the home of Mr. aiid .Mrs. Frank O. Anderson near Aliona. receive now during school vacation. — Mildred Fulton. Campaign Critique Editor, Register-Mail: On Friday, July 12, you carried a story in the Register-Mail quoting Mr. Hayes Robertson rather liberally with reference to Secretary of State Charles F. Carpentier. Let me say at the outset that my letter is not prompted by any suspicion on my part that you have misquoted Mr. Robertson but rather that the statements made by Mr. Robertson have distorted the facts. Hayes Robertson was quoted as saying, "We don't call Carpentier Mr. Republican up there," referring to Chicago, and pointing out that Robertson's opposition to Secretary Carpentier was "because of his alleged closeness with Mayor Richard Daley of Chicago." As former president of the Young Republican Organization of Illinois, 1 feel that I have some knowledge of Republican activities in the state and am qualified to have an informed opinion about the "Republicanism" of various members of our party. To cast aspersions on Mr. Car* pentier's Republicanism is ridiculous in view of the record of the recently adjourned General Assembly where Mr. Carpentier was publicly on record as opposing Mr. Daley's increased sales tax and road fund diversion proposals. Such conduct is inconsistent with any "closeness" with Mayor Daley. . . . Mayor Daley criticized Secretary Carpentier on Democrat Day at the 1961 Illinois State Fair. . . . Secretary Carpentier is not only an outstanding public official, but an outstanding Republican and it seems to me that Hayes Robertson should be able to ground his opposition on a substantial bosis. — Lloyd \V. Herb- ewer, kindergarten moves are never made. Meanwhile, the gold drain continues. On July 17 U.S. gold stocks declined to $15,633,000,000 —the lowest figure since April of 1939. (We once had $23 billion.) In early July France took $50 million in gold. Meanwhile, the foreign "free trade" nations have increased their short-term dollar credits from some $11 billion to $25 billion. If the bill were to be presented all at once, we could pay three-fifths of our obligations. Then the "run" would close the "bank" unless Washington chose to grab title to U.S.- owned foreign plants in order to sell them for gold or hard currencies. THE METHODS which have been used to cajole foreigners into withholding the presentation of bills have been many and devious. We have accepted friendly prepayments by France and Germany of installments on long- term debt. We have borrowed foreign currencies and, in effect, moved them about the board, to forestall gold withdrawals. We have tried to stop tourists from spending their dollars on Venetian glass beads and Bavarian gewgaws. And now come the more drastic moves, such as raising short-term interest rates (to keep cash from leaving our shores) and asking Congress to put a penalty tax on Americans who buy overseas securities. The final note of desperation is contributed by the news that the U. S. has arranged for credits that will enable it to borrow up to $500 million in foreign currencies from the International Monetary Fund. It is this column's curbstone opinion that the latest moves must tend to defeat themselves for several reasons which hav« to do With human nature on the one hand, and with logic on the other. From the human naturo standpoint, they are advertisements of weakness. Gold, it is well known, has no scent—but (Continued on page 15) galesburg Register-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street. Gaiesburg, Illinois rEUSPHONK NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-6161 Entered ?« Second Class Matter at ths Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, undeT \ct of CongTess of M .Toh 3. 1879 Daily except Sunday Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow ... Editor and General Manager M. H. Kddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New Vork, Chicago, Detroit Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco, Los Angeles Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMPER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of aU the local news printed in this newspaper as well as ail AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In City of Galesburg 35c • week. By RFD mall In our retail trading . zone: I Vear t10.00 8 Month* 93.50 6 Months S 6.00 1 Month %IM No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there la established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier In retail trading tone outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route tn retafJ trading zone. 1 Vear $13 .00 3 Months 13.11 6 Months S 7.00 1 Month V-25 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months fS.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month «2.00 Crossword Puzzzle Mysteries Answer to rrevious nmie> 4 Neckband 5 Under obligation 6 Elderly 7 Small barrel 8 Guides 9 Playthings 14 Individual ACROSS J Christie's *— Murders" ! 4 Stout's "Too Many " fi "Case of the. Empty • 15 Building wing 16 Rock ridge 17 Affirmative) 18 Swiss call 20 Relieves 22 Locomotive section 24 Dernier ——» 25 Createdj universe 28 Slumber: 10 Small shield 21 Feel pain 23 Stupidity 24 Van Dine's " Murder Case" 25 Wolfe) 26 Murderous frenzy 27 Deep-toned saxhorn epochal 83 "Man in Lower 31 Gardner 48 Therefor* character Drake 49 Masculine 34 Printer's appellation measure; 81 Darling 40 Friend 52 Twisted 41 Turkish orders 53PIejrus 43 Geologic period 56 Mr. BuIL „„„ . . 44 Stage signal violinist 29 Feminine same 47 "Not Quito 57 Yonder (poeO — - Enough" &8 Fairy fort^ When the Norwegian poet and dramatist Henrik Ibsen was young, his father failed in business and recollections of the penury which plagued the family can be found in '"Peer Gynt." At the age of 15, Ibsen was apprenticed to an apothecary. It was a business he detested and to relieve his misery he began to write poetry. Now You Know By rnited Press International The largest known topaz is a low quality 5iJ6 - pound crystal from Minas Geraes, BraiiL according to the Guinness Book of Records. 55 Musical syllable 36 Steal 87 Feminine appellation 88 Greek letter 39 Giraffelike animals 42 Recollect 45 Exist 46 Pronoun 47 Street 60 Evergreen tree 54 Sooner than 65 A. Coaan • 69 Female sheep 60 Past 61 Legal tern} 62 Dexterity 63 Spanish grandee 64 Feeling 65 Grain DOWN 1 Cape detective, Mayo 2 Philippine knife •9*W 12 115 18 22 w 26 32 36 39 TT w 49" 63 55~ 61 54 9 IT ll 14 17 30* ST [35 p k 63 JL 62 $S

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