J WE GO J THEY QO I V, XMTmm titan rtaflw ewr4? .vJTm the daVr verar.of - Want ; AdM. in , Jtugaetf i v AUi xaa mb" - In February, lsv2j rerage tu . J , v u AIU. in in .Hq is . ... : ary, iSJthe average f FORWARD 1 BACKWARD OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY yHyENING, MARCH 10, j 1892, VO. XXXIII. ml NO, 45, 1 11 rs 7, fe . f e V 7.1 - j 234 Ml . - : --. .- t. ' ' r r- ' r i . . ' r Li the Stone Is in Place And the Macdonough Theater Is Begun. Imposing tommy Performed Today. I Big Step In itba ImpMTemMt .Oakland. of Tfra Finest Sbowboii33 Wast of Chicago Will Soon Ba Gompfetsd. The laying of the corner-stone of the new Jfaeionough Theater, which occurred this fiernoon at S o'clock, may t-e proper'; termed an eventin the h-siory of OMnnd. Just now. when the object of bonds is being discussed and progress is the tear cry, the layingyof the corner-stone is most opportune. ' It is yn event that in years to com; will find, a place in the &ramitic history of the ci'y. Thi owner of the building is Joseph Macdonough, who will spend ' O it $.125,000 in the c instruction. t George F. Mothersole, the well-known and successful theatrical manager wilt guide the destiniei of the new theater. Jlii monthly rental wilt be $3'J0. and his lease runs for ten years. The contracts call for the com pletton of "The Macdonough Thsaiir" on or b'fore the 1st of September, ISV2. The Benevolent Pro tect vt Order of Elk laid the stone today. , The build i Hi in bich the theater will b? located will be four stories higb and will be splendid improvement, for it is one of tbe most decided steps Id the way of progress that has ever been taken in Oakland. The . corner-stone is laid at an opportune time. Tbe people are now demanding progress. 'Xnia splendid edifice is in that line. Tbe subject nf a new theater has been discussed in Oakland fur many years. When Oaorge r Mothersole and Cbarlea 1.. Bert were lessee of the Oakland Theater in 1886 they agitated the proposition of building a handsome new playhouse. So persistent were tbey in tbe matter that they succetded in getting Joseph Macdonough. Captain J. C. Wilson ana J. H. Macdonald, tbe real estate agent, interested lu tbe'.r proposition. At that time it was contemplated bui'd-ing tbe new theater on the corner of Fifteenth and Broad wav, now occupied by tbe Albany Hotel. ' Tbe plans tor tbe theater and building were drawn and the land was purchased by Macdonough. For gome reason Mr. Macdonoagn coald not see where a theater would pay him. so he abandoned the project and built the hotel that now standi on tbe site, subsequently. In ltftM, Mr. Macdonough sold the Albany r properiv to H. D. Bacon. , At U at time Mr. Macdont ugh owned the lot, 100xllJ2, on tue northeast corner of Fourteenth and Broadway. He also owned the lot at the southeast corner of Thirteenth and Washington. George F. Mothersole was then the sole manager of the Oakland Theater, and he nd otners again commenced to agitate the subject of a new theater with the hope of netting Mr. Macdonongb interested. The plan to have tbe house built at Thirteenth and Washington fell through for the reason tDat certain, persons interested wanted it located on Broadway. M- ,Mcrtnongh was told that if he Would build ;fhe theater on Broadway he Wi.uicl ho giveo a bonus of J 10,000. Tnrn the proposition ov building the new theater was put squarely before the 1 eople or Oakland. The Tiubune and the Timet took up the matter of sreuring the bo mi, and in a few days the sum ot 110.000 whs subscribed by prominent ana pubiio-sp. riied cit.zns. The roonay was placed in c ow in the First National rtns. Mr. Macdonongb then tigned an agreement with the Bubscribei., whicb is now ou record, whereui he agreed to build a theater on Fourteenth street and biosd-way equui. if not superior, to the Baldwin ' Theater in Saa Francisco. When the theater is completed Mr. Macdonough is to receive the $10,0( 0 bonus. The work is now well progressed on the building and soon Oaalaud will have the handsomest theater west of Chicago. THE NEW HOUSE. AX)aacriptlon nf It Many attract!- Features. The Macdonough Theater has been leased for a term of five yers by George F. Mothersole witn the privilege of a re- ,newal for five years. The lease is on record - in the Recorder's ofhea and shows that the monthly rental will be Mr. Motber- Bole has given a guaranty of $3 ),000 to -care tbe payment of tbe rent. It is stipulated in the lease that Mr. Macdonough shall have the theater ready for opening on or before the first of . September of this year. Manager Mothersole is now arranging to secure some great attractions for tbe openinu night. The new theater, will be cpmp:ete in very detail. It i promised by Mooter & - Cuthbertson. the architects, that the theater will be tbe handsomest and best- . equipped theater in the West. fne total cost of tbe building will be bout 1325,000. The exterior will be finished in s blue sandstone for tbe first storv and the balance of the three stories "in a but! brick - with terra cotta trimmings to m itch. The entrance to tbe tbeater will be on tbe Fourteenth street side, it will be twenty - .fly feet wide in tbe ctear and thuty lou. At the entrance tbe pillars will be of blue and stone and the steos ot white marble. The floor will be of mosaic pattern. The wail to the height of tur feet will be constructed of veined marble and the balance of 'the finish will its of carved quarterd oak. ; Tbe ceiling wilt be divided into two domes and will berichlv frescoed. Tne foyer is approached through two handsomely carved doors of art glass. The 'foyer proper will be fourteen feet wide by ' eeventy feet long. In the center there will be a grand staircase leading to the balcony. The ladies' parlor will be to the riant ot tbe foyer. It will be handsomely fitted op, and everything will be arranged for the comfort of Me ladies. Tbw lover and ' theater proper will h senirateit bvanwie the whole length. The ceiling to tbe fovar will also be dome shapo and frescoed. Tbe euitire woodwork will be oak. ' The r round floor of the auditorium is 70 feat wide by 90 feet long and has a seating capacity of 576V The chairs . will be made by Andrews & Company of Chicago, and are knows) as tbe "McVtcker chair." .They are 21 inches wide, and will be set 42 inches from back to back. Tbe chairs will be finished in maroon pluab, with steel spring cushions in seat and back. Tbe Macdonough is the only theatre west of Chicago that will hare Uiem. The balcony will seat 433 people. It is easily approached br tbe staircase from the foyer and also a separate stairway from the main entrance. Tbe gallery will seat 500 people. It will have a separata entrance from Fourteenth street. : There Will be four handsomely finishtd boxes on leach aide of tbe stage. The ceiling orer the auditorium will be dome shape, and will be frescoed in elaborate atylej . Tbe walls whl be finished in lunique. ) Tae total seating capacity of the theater will be 1000. The stage will be one of the great features of the theater. The proscenium opening will be circular. It will be thirty-six feet in height and thirty-three feet six incbes wide. Tae stage proper will be forty-four feet from'curtnin line to rear wall and seventy feet in width from wall to walL The height t? the gridiron will be sixty-eight feet; heurht to grooves, twenty feet, and twmty eint feet to the fly gallery. The stage "wit be fitted with three working bridze he entire widtn of the opening, ana also star and vampire traps. The en -tain will be painted by Walter Burndge of Chicago, now recognized as a Jeadine scenic artistin tbe East. It will be of a banUpome design. In front of this curtain will be an asbestos curtain, which can be -J with effect in case of fire, - The d refill i-roonis adjoining the stage w II b fitted up with all modern improvements. Tne scenery will be painted by Burridge and Wi.laru Porter of Una Francisco, and la now alio at completed. The theater wilt be lighted by electricity and gap. I The electricity will be supplied from ii special dynamo in tbe plant of the Oakland tias, Lign t and Heat Company. Tne rlanf call tor 2080 electrte lights in the entire theater. There wilt be novel features in the way of lighting the house. The theater wilt be perfectly safe in case of fire. There will be four exits on tbe first floor, four on the second floor and three from tbe gallery. The house can be emptied in two minutes ia case of fire. TUK KL.KS. Ihcj Have Done nincti Good to Their Maiuhars Mere Oakland Lodge. No. 171. Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, under the auspices tf which tbe exercises were held this afternoon, was organized about two year ago. At present there are about j J 30 active members in the lodge. The organization has don?feood work in this city in the line of charity. Many a sick and straggling member has been assisted. The present officers of thelodge are: George C. De Golia, exalted ruler and district Tdeputv for California; Dr. J. M. Young. leading knight; U F. Hickey. loyal.knight ; F. P. McFeely, lecturing knight; A. T. Macdonough, treasurer M. A. Whidden, secretary; Dowline. inside guard ; W. I). Wil aiu HendricksoL. tyler ; A. M. Stilwell, square. IX THE BOX. What Was Plao.i wuulu the Corner- ' ' Stone. When t le little box was placed within tbe come: -stone it contained the following articles: Roll of Ohklaud Lodge. So. 171. Roll of oldon Gste idpe. No. 6. Holl of Stockton Lofge. No. 2tti. Uraud l.'jjge ttmes of Benevolent Protective Urdorlnf Elks. By-laws ef Oakland Loige of Benevolent Pro-tectiver Oalerof tAk.a. Cit charter. State Constitution. United States Conatitution. List of municipal ofticersof the city of Oakland. 1 List of officers of the State of California. Copies of The Tribune, Times and Enquirer. Klks' apton. New coins $J0, $10. 6, $1, 50 cents, 25 cents, 10 cents, beats. A then lai Club chock. fassto lox new theater. Ticket tJ Conried Opera Company. l'ho:oKraplisof,MayorJ0dpiud3and Mr, Mac-donongh. t Plans of the theater when eompieted. LAYING THE STONE. A liars Crowd Atteuda the Notable I 'Ceremony Shortly after 2 o'clock the Oakland Lodge of Elks and visiting Klks formed in line in front of the lodge rooms on Washington street, near Eighth. ! Headed by the Fifth Infantry IBand the procession moved up Washington to rsintb, tbence to .Broadway and thence to the building corner of Four-teento street. The decorations were quite elaborate. Joseph Macdonough bad sent over all the flags fronJ his fine yacht Jessie, and these were stretched from one end of the lot to the other J making a pleasing effect, in front of tbe nlatiorm was a large pair of elk horns surrounded by American flags. Crowds of people gathered around tbe platform and in the street, all anxious to witness the exercises. The members of the Conried Comic Opera Company furnished tbe music. The exercises were attended by Mayor M. C. Chapman, members of the City Council, Other officials and many prominent citizens. Exalte 4 Ruler George E. De Golia called the assemblage together and the interesting exercises were commenced. The following programme was carried out: Music by the band. Introductory 'address by George B. De Golia. Invocation, Chaplain George A. Matsqn. Placing articles in the box. Ritual of the order, accompanying .the lowering 1 1 the stone into place. Music, (solo from Ernani, by Mr. M aflat ot Conner's company, with full chorns of fifty yo:cs. Male qjunrtet, Dudley Buck's "Annie Laurie," by the opera company. Oration! by Frederick Warde. Tbe exercises were a decided success. BERING SEA. The Fret fdent Will Walt for Sallsbarv'a Utply. Washington. March 10. The President will take ho further action in regard to tbe Bering 8 matter till he receives a reply om Sail abury to Wharton's note insisting on tbe renewal of the modus Vivendi of last year. Chleaaa Htrkctt. March 10. Wheat, steady; May, 865S6. Corn. caih, 44?; Maying. Oats, easy: MfS30. Pork, cash, $10 87H; May $11 WH- LarJ, cash, $6 32)j; May, $6 42K- Aw JEntrprtle To una: , ' New ; Ybax, - March 10. It is reported that the o radition ot Mrs. James G. Blaine' Jr., who was taken seriously ill yesterday, is slightly imnroved this morning. She ia still very tick. - A luilruad to Aitarla. Poetla: d, March lO.The Evening Telegram todi j states that a contract has bean signed f o - the construction of a railroad from Astoria to transcontinental connec tions 1 cioreettr with rraaee. ! Pa bis, Marclv 10. Tbe French Foreign CHtCAO, cash, 8G5i; cash, 30 j Office announces today that a commercial treaty with the United 8tate has been concluded. 5 '--. - I A Dead JEal. i i LosDOjr, March 10. The Earl of Denbigh died here today. ' I i - : . ' - - .. The Fight for the Bonds Is Going Ahead With Vigor. More Leaders of the People Express Themselves , Some Unanswerable Arguments and Sound Reasoning From Man Who Are Proud to Tell the Peopls Whera Tbey Stand. There is no trouble to find men who are willing to declare themselves for bonds. They are full of sound arguments, and proud to be connected with a movement which meansso much fur Oakland. The citizens who are most honored and most esteemed are the leaders in the movement, and theg have reasons for the faith which is within them. -, The opposition to bonds is a covert one. Rarely can a man be found who will declare himself against the proposed improvements. It is like pulling teeth for the half-hearted leaders ot the opposttton to secure any man who was ever heard of before to give for pub lication His views ia opposition to the bonds. . If is known that the movement for bonds is gaining ground daily, and vrith astontshtng rapidity. It was supposed that the opponents would rally and make a stubborn fight, but as yet Vtey have done nothing except ojffer a few anonymous objections. Appended are more views of prominent citizen who are working tooth and nail for 'the bonds i TO THE POINT. Ex-Mayor Jotin R. Glascock's Strong Words for Bonds. Something for People to Think A boat. Here Is Reasoning te Convince Every body. Joha R. Glascock was elected Mayor of Oakland by the largest majority ever given a candidate in this city. He has been elected to Congress from the State at large by a tremendous vote. He has lived in Oakland ever since it was a little hamlet, and has always enjoyed, in an unusual de gree,! the "confidence of the entire com munilv. When such a man writes on a public question his words have weight with everybody. Read wbat he says on the bond question: THE CURI0CS SILT7BIAN. "To the. Editor of The Tribune Sir: I am heartily in favor of the issuance of bonds. -The only objection I have to the contemplated issue is that the amount is too small, the scope too restricted. There should have been added the propositions to construct intercepting sewers and to erect a City Hall. These, however, will undoubtedly' come later, for . if I do not seriously' misjudge tbe spirit and enterprise of the people of Oakland tbe city will not be allowed to continue at tbe mercy of the Silurians. "A curious creature this, the Silurian. He lifts his head every hundred years, and then only to question the wisdom of Providence in permitting bis neighbors to be animated by a restlessness so devilish and disquieting to the primeval ease of his galeozoic .existence. He is the chap who believes that Oakland is a bed-chamber, and as such should be removed as far as possible from the sound of ax, hammer and tool bf iron. He would, if he could, -reverse the law under which the planets hold their appointed paths and tie the earth to a dull and stagnant quiet. It makes him dizzy to be hurled through space at tbe rate of nineteen miles per second. He has no place in this age of change, bustle and improvement. Hie proper habitat is a Sleepy Hollow, where if as many as three people are gathered together a drowsy voice asks: What ia the riot about? WE CAN AFFORD IT. The question bow presented to an intelligent and wide-awake people ia, are we to be dominated by this class of so-called conservatives,, or shall we go ahead and build tor ourselves a municipal habitation befitting nineteenth century progress? The question is not one of ethics, but of economics. Being able to afford it, shall we make our home healthy comfortable and beautiful? Can we afford it? The assessed value of our property is forty millions, representing an actual value of sixty millions. We have about 50,000 inhabitants. We want to spend a million and a quarter on permanent improvements. That seems a large sum. It would ba to an individual, but when divided among 50,000 people it represents a little over 2 per cent of their taxable wealth. 'But it ia claimed you haven't taken into consideration the Sinking fund and interest. Add to this sum a million, it yon please Kit is more than enough) and there is an aggregate , of two millions and a quarter, principal and interest, to be paid in twenty years. That would be leas than 4 per cent of the taxable wealth of the city. It is seriously claimed that we cannot afford and ought not to pay 4 per cent of our wealth to make our home healthy and beautiful. . A man will expend twice that per cent on his Individual home and consider.,: the money vwell expended. Doe not the arguraen t hold good aa to the municipal home 7 The question answers itself. .": " : V ; THE TAXAIIOX SATB. . Oh every thousand dollar holding the increased rate of taxation wouid. not exceed an average of $3 per year during the twenty years' Ufa of tbe bonds. Ths burden will thus be placed, where it ought, on the shoulders of tbe larger holders those who will neither sell nor improve. There are other facts which should be borne in mind in this connection.. First, bonds cannot be sold in the full -amount voted for at any one time. Only that amount can be sold in any one year which will be sufficient to pay the improvement expense incurred in that year. Second, the interest will decrease as the life of the bonds increases. " Third, increased property values resulting from the natural growth of tbe city during the next twenty years and largely stimulated' by tbe permanent improvements erected, will materially decrease tbe annual rate of taxation. Fourth, the burden of payment will, at least partially, be taken from the shoulders of this generation, and be assumed by those who are to take onr places and enjoy the fruition of labors initiated by us. HO SECTIONAL FEELING. It is to be sincerely hoped that no sectional feeling will be allowed to mar this momentous question. - I say momentous, because it is of infinite concern to a progressive and enlightened people to decide whether it will go forward or backward in the matter of improvement. The city is a whole, bound together by the tie of community of interest. There can be no great improvement undertaken but wbat must be geographically localized. But .localizing of improvement does not mean localizing of benefit. The absence of such improvements doos not enure solely to the injury of the localities where they are needed but to that of the whole city. So their construction implies a blessing not confined to locality but running to the city at laree. The constituent parts cannot be improved and their values increased without increasing the value of the sum of the constituent parts the whole. A BUSINESS QUESTION. It is not alonej the people of West Oakland who require the reclamation and beautifying of the Sixteenth-street marsh. Nor those alone who live in the vicinity of Lake Merritt who demand the dredging and beautifying of the lake, but the people of Oakland, the city itself. These and kindred works are too great for individual effort, and unless the city lends her credit they must be abandoned. It is a business question submitted to a business community. Nature has given Oakland good climate, good soil, beauty of topography and a location admirably fitted for land, and sea commence. The city must do its share or accept the consequences of its folly. It is an evidence of business sagacity to spend money when by the expenditure more can be returned. By the expenditure of a few millions Oakland can be made the healthiest, most comfortable and most beautiful city on the coast; and, I may add, the wealthiest in proportion to population. Tbe policy which denies her tbe right to take the stand she ought to in the race for municipal honors is not simply picayunish ; it is suicidal. WE HCST TEU6T OCR SERVANTS. ' Will the money if voted be properly expended by those in authority? Again the soft voice of the Silurian is beard in tbe land. This money cannot be expended by one set of officials, nor yet two or three. If any portion of it should be misapplied, tbe city can see to it that other and honest agents take their places. The argument if it run anywhere goes to the root of representative government. If we cannot trust our representatives, it were better to abolish municipal governmenten tireiy. Why taxjthe people annually in hundreds of thousands of dollars for conceded necessities of life if we are afraid tbe money thus derived will be misapplied or squandered? If our affairs are properly administered now is it any proof that tbe same officials or those who are to succeed them (coming from the people) will be less honest in handling the bond money 8 ? THE ANNEXED TERRITORY. But, again asks my moss-backed friend, shall we vote for bonds when the people of the annexed territory may refuse to pay their proportion of the tax on the ground that said territory has been illegally an nexed? Why, not? Aosume for an instant (a fact which is not admitted) that ail the property owners in that territory should successfully refuse to con tribute, what wouid it amount to? If I am not much' mistaken tbe whole amount of taxes paid by said territory does pot exceed 110,000. The amount of taxation to be added annually to tbe tax paid by the balance of tbe city to pay interest and principal on the bonded indebtedness by reason of the defection would be too small to waste breath upon much less be registered as a cause ot tne aeieas ot tne bonds. But no such fear need be entertained. Those who live in the an nexed district and who enjoy the comfort and security flowing from such annexation are as much interested in the prosperity of the city as others of its citizena and will cheerfully meet tbe obligations imposed by the issue of bonds. SCHOOL BONDS 60 WITHOUT SATINS. Thus far I have said nothing about the school bonds. ' They go without saying. The fact that nearly, it not quite. 2003 school children are at present improperly housed and -denied adequate facilities for tbe education on which we pride ourselves is not only a standing comment on onr boasted civilization: it ia j aa argument that cannot be refuted. -; - -.m ' A word rnora; -So much has been said about the nn healthiness of certain parte el i Ex-Mayor John R. Glascock. our city that, whether true or not. it has gone abroad that the health of Oakland demands the reclamation of the Sixteen th-street marsh and the dredging of Lake Merritt. A defeat of the bonds would be a proclamation to the world thai we acknowledge ourselves unhealthy, but will do nothing to improve our sanitary condition. What the. effect of snch a proclamation would be upon immigration and property values I leave to tbe serious consideration of the voters. We must vote the bonds or brand ourselves as public liars or unfit servitors of the public good. . John B, Glascock. FROM ABANKER. i Sound Financier's Strong Views on the Bond Question. Arthur D. Thomson. President of the i Cirat National Bank. Eiprmei Bin OptnlonaJ The following interview i with A. D Thomson, president of tbe First National Bank, and one of the most careful financiers in the the city, is taken from the Times. Mr. Thomson's views on the bond question will go far toward convincing the "Doubting Thomases." He says: "You have asked for mv views on the bond propositions, which are aoou to be submitted to tne voters of Oakland tor consideration. l do not think there is any special need of worrying about tbe carryingof the election. I do not find any widespread opposition:' on the con trary, I notice that the feeling I in favor of the issue is growing from day to day. "There are. of course, gentlemen in the com munity who oppose the bond proposition, some on one score una some on another. These gentlemen, no doubt, are honest in their convictions, and have a right to their i opinions; but we. who favor all public imnroveuiants. must try and convince them of the error of theiaJ e an realize, particularly tutws oi aa who have grown up with the city, how strong and steady has been her growth: but we do not realize how much more rapid it might and would have been had the spirit of progress abroad in so many other cities visited us earlier. It would do us all good if en ma; a we might vis i cmcago, Minneapolis, or anv ot thone Eastern cities whose vim and energy" might be contagious. Oakland is a city of beautiful homes. There is no reason to my mind why at me same ume ii mignt not also be a city of commerce, a city of manufacturing interest as wen. j NARROW MINDED OPPOSITION. "How do you account forjwhat opposition there is, Mr. Thomson?" j '-It is a well known fact that some of the opposition, in tact, much of it arises from per sonal or party differences or prejudice. It is high time that these differences were buried thattheeraof good fellowship should dawn for us. 'ior only by working together, shoulder to shoulder, can we hope lor the best results. This is a critical time in our city's history. It is the time to now lay aside personal feeling and work together like brothers for the common good, each for himself and for his neighbor. '-Look at our location on San Francisco bay. on tha right aide of it, too, ax we are fond of saying, the natural terminus of each great. con tinental road, the bond of communication between car and ship. Ia the natural condition of things Oakland is bound to be a great city. we could not help ourselves if we would. I look forward to an Oakland great in size, in wealth, in importance bnt 1 want the good time to be in my time, not in the dim future. No thinn, to my mind, presents one-half of the importance to Oakland, tuat the carrying of this bond election does, for by it we gain to the money wealth of Oakland more than a million of dollars. "And do the people of Oakland understand what that means? It means that almost two dollars for one will be available for commercial use, and will be iu-the hands of the labor er, the mechanic and the merchant. It means that of tne xlhm.uuu to be raised nearly 60 per cent win ne expenaea ior laoor atone ana tne balance, beyond tbe payment for land, will go into the pockets of material dealers for brick and' lumber, for hardware and stone. The wages for labor will all be expended in the stores of our merchants." THE BONDS WILL SELL. "Have you any doubt about our ability to sell the bonds?" j "It has been used as a strong argument against bonding the city for public improve- Arthur D. Thomson, scents that the S per cent bond could not be placed. I flatly contradict these pessimists and aay they can and will be floated. The money markets of the world always have capital awaiting safe investments, the rate of Interest cuts little figure, but the inveslment must be secure. Do the ones who oppose the bonds on this account mean to say that Oakland, with its 60.000 people, iu present taxable property of about H3,OO0.OOO, having no floating debt and with an outstanding bond account of only 370,000, of which 1130,000 will bei redeemed the present year; do they mean to say that with all this wealth Oakland cannot borrow $1 20 on each S43 worth of property at assessed valuation? If we cannot the sooner we find ft out tbe better. At any rate the floating of these bonds does not at present enter into the questionpass the bonds and they wilt be floated. "If we say to the world, as, we will if we reject the bonds, we have not confidence in onr own city and its future, can we expect outsiders to regard as in a favorable light, and will it not discourage private improvements to a great extent. I answer that it will take years to recover from such a setback," i What about the scheme of improvement contemplated?" "It has been said by some that they did not like thia or that proposition, that it should be changed in some one particular or the other. Any proposition in any ahape would be opposed by some on the same ground, for it would be impossible to satisfy all Should we not therefore agree on any proposition which pleases the greatest number? Is it not better to take what we can get than nothing at all? "The necessity for improvement is so apparent that there seems to be really little need for diaenssion. ' I THE WEST OAKLAND HARSH. "Any one who has driven j down Peralta afreet will wonder why the people of West Oakland did not 'cry to heaven' long ago. It has been used as an argument that I that nuisance should be abated by the people! in that part of the city and not by the city at large. What is a plague spot to any portion of a city ia a scourge to all the city. Was it the First ward that caused the marsh to become a font, disease-breeding, slime-covered spot? Ia it not a fact that this state of affairs baa seen Caused by the sewerage from the Second, the Third and the Fifth wards? Ia il not a fact that the First ward doea not drain into the Main Lake aewer at all? Are they to be punished for our sins? Is it not better lor the whole city to eondemn this marsh, to assist our brethren in that part of the city to abate m nuisance at their very doors, and which exists through no fault of theirs? Examine tha statistics of the Health Office, the report will show the penalty we are paying by allowing the marsh to remain in its S resent condition; records show hundreds of eaths ot little children from symotlc diseases. At anv cost thia state of affairs should eeaae, by providing funds . front bonda to abate the nuisance." THE LAKE MERRITT DREDGING, -?- "How about the boulevard?" I " "When I come to the boulevard my mind instinctively torna to Chicago, to. Jackson and Lincoln parkai-I eannot find words to exppreaa my admiration for the vim and -energy which can ao snecesafully carry out snch stupendous toarki. . When X think of their maraiBnanc boulevard the lakes the? have :aade ia their J parks by turning the water from Lake Miehlt ganinto them their grand improvements a-the public expense, not by a tax on abottin g property, I cannot believe that we are so far behind them in spirit and enterprise. "I cannot believe that, we will longer permit our lake to fill up for want of care. Any other city would long ago have dredged such a lake using the aedlmnt aa a foundation for a grand drive way. Nature has given ns a picturesque soot, and we let It melt away for want of Care local pride has not heretofore been our. greatest characteristic. With tbe multiplicity of railroads we must have some place set 'apart for the purpose of driving where our families will be safe, and what more beautiful drive could be found than around such a body - of water. I look forward to a boulevard and a beautiful lace: to a boulevard lined with handsome residences; to a place where rich and poor alike may congregate on holidays to eujoy the restful views. I consider the boulevard will be constructed just as much tu the Interests of the poor man and his children as in the interests of the rich. Please count me in as one who ia heartily in favbr of the boulevard, and who will do what In hixu lies to pass the bonds for it.' mi SCHOOLS. "W hat do you think of the school bonds?" "When I come to the last proposition schools for the little children I blush that such things should be, when I think ot the board, tbe dignified Board of Education, getting down on its official knees and begging! and pleading ol the voters to provide ordinaryl only ordinary school facilities for our own little ones. io the good people of this city know! that with the exception of the rebuilding of the burned High school (and such a building that notwithstanding tbe immense increase of school-going children it has been years since any new building has been erected, and that the old buildings are so over-crowded that many cannot obtain accommodations, notwithstanding many ot tbe classes are only half day. il am sure that cruelty to child en cannot be laid at the door of the average Oaklnder, and I a in sure that it ia thoughtlessness rather than intent that tblnds are in such a condition, I am sure that the gentlemen of the board may ariae from their humble position in full consciousness that the fathers of Oakland will provide properiv for the little ones. "Right here let me recall a little circumstance that happened in this same good city of Oakland in my early boyhood, and it will be remembered by resideuts of not so many years ago. A schoolhouse was needed, but school-houses oost money in those days as well as now, and money comes from! tbe taxpayers' pockets, and taxpayers in those days did not like to dig down' any more than we do now. But they had a lot of waterfront, and so the 'wise men' made a trade with a gentleman who did not have waterfront but did have school-houses, or rather, had the materials to build one with, so the waterfront that the city did not want waa traded for a schoolhouse that the city did want, and everybody waa happy. That waterfront is now worth many mulions, and the building still stands as a monument to the 'penny wise, pound foolish ' principle which has so often found followers, i The waterfront is here, but it is not ours. I x WE HAVE OPPOSITION. "And I would add a line. We are so foud of calling ourselves the 'Athens of the Pacific,' of falling back on the reputation I of our schools, public and private, but how many realize how hard tbe southern part of the State la crowding us educationally? They are putting up fine school buildings and introducing the most successful methods, and are in touch with the spirit of Eastern progress, up to the' mark, as it were, with all the new ideas, and if we are to continue to lead educationally on this coast, we must 'get iu and hustle' and stand by our Board of Education men of experience who Enow the needs of the aepartment but who are handicapped by a want of funds. When they call for the necessary improvements we must stand iu and help them 'all along the line.' The matter i with Oakland is, we are trading too much on onr past reputation ; we are living in the past; the present and the future only are ours, the spirit of the age ia progress, and we mast 'keep up with the procession, right up behind the band.' Notwithstanding our heretofore slow progress, taxable property is increasing at the rate of about 10 per cent per year, and at this rate the next- few. years will so increase the taxable valuations, that the increased tax for interest and redemption (Will scarcely be felt. I "I am glad that you have asked me to give my views on the matters which are so close to my heart. Those of .us who j have grown up with Oakland, who remember tbe little Oakland of not ao many years ago. are natutally enthusiastic about her future. , We want to see her make the most of her natural advantanges and to place herself where she rightly belongs, in the front rank of cities." . AN 'ABLU ALLY. The Chronicle" Declares In Favor of . All the Honda. The San Francisco Chroaicle has thrown all the weight of its immense influence in favor of the bond issue. In an editorial this morning it says : OAKLAND BONDS. An aaaoclation haa been or is about to be organized in Oiklaud, the avowed object of which is to further the issaance of bonds of the city to the extent of $1,200,000, the proceeds of the sale of said -bonda to be devoted to munici pal improvements of a general and public J nature. The people of that city are divided on the question of the issuance of bonds, and it will be the purpose and plan of this new or ganization to carry on a campaign of education which shall convince tbe citizens of the necessity and propriety of the issuance and sale of bonds. Tbe Chronicle does not hesitate to say that it is in sympathy with this 'organization, because it believes that the issuance and sale of tbe bonds and the application of the money arising from the sale to municipal purposes will be a wise and prudent investment for the city. Oakland is and will continue to be chiefly a residence city, as is any and every city in the immediate vicinity of a metropolis. The business of Oakland must be such as to supply only the residents and those whe live very near, and the manufactures will be sporadic, at least nntil the marsh land on the estuary is reclaimed, and then practically a new town will be created. Because Oakland must be a city of homes it will find its chief profit in those things which make a resideuce city desirable and attractive. Good schools, fine streets and sidewalks, broad and well-kept driveways and handsome public squares are the best stock-in-trade for a city like Oakland, and money judiciously expended on them is not thrown away,but,Ion the contrary, is prudently Invested. That the future should help pay for these benefits seems a self-evident proposition. The improvements will not be made for a day nor a year, but for many years, and there is no injustice in dividing the cost with the future, more especially as the influx of population and the increase in the value of property which these improvement! will bring about will lighten the burden of taxation which will be required to pay for them. No city ever made a mistake in putting money into public improvements, provided the money were spsnt honestly and judiciously. ;A MYSTERIOUS AFFAIR. A Vegetable Peddler Who Will Mot Tell Who Shot Him. Merced, March 10. George Smith, a vegetable peddler, was brought to the County Hospital this morning. He was shot with buck-shot in-the neck and chin, near M in turn. He refuses to give the name of tbe person who shot him. He says when he gets well he will kill his assailant, " THE NEW ORLEANS MASSACRE. Relatives of the Victims Want Damages From the Citr. New Orleans, March 10. Suits were filed today in the United States Circuit Court by attorneys, representing the heirs of the six Italians slain by tbe populace at the parish prison on tha 14th of March last, against the city of New Orleans, claiming da mage 3 in the sum of $39,000 in each case. FULLER ELECTED Department Commander of tbe Grand ... Army. ".. Fresno, March 10. J. B. Fuller of Marys-ville has been unanimously elected Department Commander of the Grand Army Of the Republic' - - v- - - No Dividend. ' - New York. March . 10. The St , Paul directors at their meeting todsy declared no dividend. i TRIG .Al- Io. Defeat the -' Bonds. An Enquirer" Employe's Ruse Under the Guise cf Postponing the Election. J. W. Dattoa U Trying to tSecnw Signatures To a Document Which Will Bs Used Against tile Bonds. The opponents of tha bonds are badly scared. , They feel that their cause is practically lost. '. - They know that the live people of the city are taking a great interest in the bond election, and are working bard on behalf of the issue. ' So the Silurians have resorted to trick ery. J. VV. Dutton, an Enquirer employe and one of the silnrians left in the Municipal League, is circulating a document and asking for signatures. This document is in the nature of a petition for the postponement of the bond election until after the general electioa, on tbe ground that then forty-year bonds may be issued. This is merely a trick. ' All citizens who favor the bonds should beware of it. If they sign that document they surely will be placed ia the position ' of opposing improvements. The Enquirer and the Municipal League will not be for bonds at any time. Their quibbles will be raised against 40-year bonds just as much as they are against 20-year bonds. Don't be deceived. It is too late to turn back now. We have been talking for a quarter of a century. Now is the time for action. - Tne battle is practically won. Don't be misled. Don't fall into a trap. Don't sign that tricky paper. A BEER GARDES On Fourteenth Street. Opposite the Cltyi HalL It is rumored about town that the old Hutchison property, on tbe corner of Fourteenth and Washington streets, which is at present occupied as a nursery, will be shortly transformed into a German beer garden. It; is s id that tbe owner, A. Uhl, has already notified the present tenants to vacate, so that work may be commenced at once with the intention of having it completed by the first of May. Mr. Sanborn, the present occupant of the land, says that he has not received any notice telling him to vacate, nor baa he heard any thing about tbe proposed plans. JOTTINGS ABOUT TOWN. Chief Tompkins returned last night from S toe k ton with John Ford, the colored man who roobed ii. a Anderson of SS0 in caab, two gold watches and a re vol vet. The watches and revolver were found ou Ford's persou when arrested, as was also $11 aO cash. He will be tried Monday next. Judge Ogden'a bench in the Police Court was occupied thia morning by Justice Allen, the former officiating at a marriage eeremoay. The West Oakland Free Kindergarten will bold its annual meeting tomorrow (Friday) afternoon at 2 o'clock in the ladies' parlor o t First Presbyterian Church. The public, are cordially invited to attend and learn of tha good work being done. Pope Sides With Archbishop Ireland. Home, March 10. The lope communicated to the newspaper, tbe Observatore Romano, a note defending Archbishop Ire-laud of St. Paul against the attacks .made upon him by his e lemies. in the United States. Tyndall Coming. Tyndall, the famous mind reader and hypnotist. Who has been creating sensations all over tbe State, will appear at the Oakland Theater on next Tuesday night. It is proposed to bring Campbell, who participated in tbe murder of Bamuel Jacob-son, and hypnotize him in public. Sidney Bell, whom Campbell accuses of being the real assassin of Jacobson, insists that Campbell shall be publicly hypnotized. f25f for aaxle cottage, fear rosmi rtnt .'bath, let S5x75 feet three blocks frsm Broadway, en Ninth meet. Only 8)2 50 cash, eatl, ance monthly. William M. Din gee, 460 staa 468 Eighth street Oak land.. GOT A GIRL Who Can't Bake Bread ! : WHY NOT TRY TUZ LOG CABIN GRAHAM, RYE, ... GLUTEN? . . ' SWwv .'.tta . ; . , ... - -- TAOi MAAK . - : . ' , Sverj ljaf LabtletL .v f ,r , ' " " 475 Eleventh Street Oakland ''r. " ; . His Dtitttry B of CAB. , ' "
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