Colorado Springs Gazette-Telegraph from Colorado Springs, Colorado on January 9, 1978 · Page 5
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Colorado Springs Gazette-Telegraph from Colorado Springs, Colorado · Page 5

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Colorado Springs, Colorado
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Monday, January 9, 1978
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Monday, Jan. 9, 1978 Colorado Springs, Colo. Gazette Telegraph 9-A A WATCHFUL NEWSPAPER GAZETTE TELEGRAPH YOUR FREEDOM NEWSPAPER Ever striving for the Pikes Peak region to be an even better place in which to live. This newspaper is dedicated to furnishing information to our readers so that they can better promote and preserve their own freedom and encourage others to see its blessings. Only when man is free to control himself and all he produces, can he develop to his utmost capabilities. W e believe that freedom is a gift from God and not a political grant from government. Freedom is neither license nor anarchy It is self-control. No more. No loss. It must be consistent with the truths expressed in such great moral guides as the Coveting Commandments, the Golden Rule and the Declaration of Independence. Let peace begin with me Monday, Jan. 9, 1978 Gazette Telegraph 9-A Driver Education Faulted Instead of making teen-age drivers safer, driver education programs may actually increase the number of automobile accidents, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety reports. After untold millions of taxpayer dollars have been spent on driver education programs in the governmental school system in the belief that such courses were turning out safer drivers, the institute finds that, “At least 2,000 fatal crashes per year that would not otherwise occur are aMnhutpH to increased licensure of 16-17-year-olds because of driver education programs.” According to the report, the big problem with driver education is that it greatly increases the number of younger drivers who normally would not get their licenses until they were 18 or 19 years old. Driver education programs make it possible for youngsters to acquire a license as early as the 16th year While driver education quickly teaches driving skills, the institute report conceded, it does not accelerate a person's judgment which normally comes only with maturation. And therein lies the major problem says Drs. Leon S. Robertson and Paul L. Zador, who conducted the institute study. “Programs that increase confidence that risk has been reduced when, in fact, it has not, are far worse than no programs at all. Such is the case with driver education," the two doctors charged. In submitting its report, which was based on statistics from 27 states with driver education programs, the institute pointed out that its findings were consistent with a recent English study which found no difference in subsequent crashes per miles driven between groups that had various combinations of classroom, simulator, and off-road training and those who had no driver education. “If driver education is continued without raising the age of licensure to 18.” Robertson and Zador warned, “any possible benefits obtained from having younger teen-agers learn to drive will continue to be gained at a large cost in human life.” The study showed that 80 percent of the 16-17-year-olds who took driver education obtained licenses when they otherwise would not have obtained them until they were at least 18 or 19 years old. Considering such findings, the institute report concluded, current proposals to include and increase motorcyclist training in high schools "would likely worsen the present situation substantially.” Motorcycles and mopeds have much higher death rates than do autombiles, the report pointed out. That's a pretty strong indictment of a costly program which was supposed to cut auto accident fatality and injury rates. As suggested by the report, the major fault of driver education is that it enables youngsters to obtain licenses before they are sufficiently matured to accept the accompanying responsibility. While that may be part of the problem, we suspect that the failure of driver education, in tandem with the licensing process, to turn out safer drivers goes much deeper than that. Ingrained in the bureaucratic process is a tendency to concentrate on getting the required forms completed to the detriment of whatever it was the program concerned was supposed to accomplish. And that, we rather suspect, is what has happened to both the driver education program and the licensing procedure. Completion of the required forms is taken as evidence that the trainee and recipient has mastered the necessary skill and accepted the attendant responsibility when, in fact, that may not be the case. GEORGE WILLIAM TRIVOLI, Ph.D. An R.C. Hoiles Fellow, Hillsdale College Nation's Press Social Security Parley (Fortune) Harness-raring fans used to he able to bet on something call«' rd a “superfecta.” To play, you had to make a quadruple prediction, specifying the first four finishers, in a race in the correct order. This turned out to be very hard to do. Some fans because so frustrated at their inability to beat the superfecta that they took to fixing races. I the resulting scandals led most tracks to outlaw the bet.) The new Social Security financing law reminds us of the superfecta. The law is being sold with the argument that, while the new taxes hurt, they are at least buying us a financially sound system. As President Carter stated the case at his December 15 press conference: “This puts the Social Security system on a sound financial basis at least for the next twenty-five years. . .The American people will pay more taxes into the Social Security system, but in return they’ll know that it will be there permanently and in a sound condition.” Well, maybe it will be. But in order for the new taxes to cover the new level of benefits, our government will have to be right in this quadruple prediction: — That it can get the inflation rate, recently stuck around 6 percent, down to 4 percent by 1982. — That the unemployment rate, recently stuck in a range close to 7 percent, will come down to 5 percent by 1981. — That real wages in the U.S., which have scarcely risen at all during the past decade, will be 16 percent higher by 1984. — That birth rates will rise in the long run, and that births, recently at 1.7 children per woman, will level out at 2.1 children. These are among the actuarial assumptions underlying the new financing plans. Taken together, they would seem to constitute quite a parlay. What Next for the Economy: Boom or Bust? This is the time of year when most business economists practice the popular ritual commonly referred to as the “economic outlook.” The reason economists are able to make reasonably good predictions is basically twofold: (1) our $1.6 trillion-dollar economy carries a great deal of momentum, hence usually projecting the current trends into the future is adequate, also (2) there are generally recognized lags before eiiher monetary and fiscal actions of the Federal governemnt eventually have an impact upon overall economic activity. There are several known trends in the economy, such as the continual slowdown in the rate of growth in real G.N.P. (i.e., the marketplace value of the country's output of goods and services, adjusted for price changes). During the first quarter of 1977, real G.N.P. increased at 7.5 percent annual rate. In the second quarter, real G.N.P. growth slipped to 6.1 percent, while in the third quarter, the rate of growth slowed further to 3.8 percent. The projections are mixed for 1978, but few, if any, respected forecasters arc projecting more than 4 percent. Clearly the rate of growth in real G.N.P. is slowing, but the average rate of growth for our economy throughout this century has averaged roughly WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY, JR. Examining Kennan's 'New' Views It is a rule at the Council on Foreign Relations that one may not write about what any member says at one of its meetings. My rule is to obey rules of organizations of which I am a member, but the esteemed Michael Novak, professor of humanities and newspaper columnist, has now written about a speech by George Kennan delivered to the Washington branch of the CFR and, accordingly, the speech becomes public property. It is a remarkable document. Not at all easy to paraphrase. Rut definitely worth trying, Henry Kissinger remarked privately, 20 years ago, that the premier am- biguists in public life in America were Adlai Stevenson and George Kennan. Mind you, this was said about Kennan only ten years after he wrote his famous article, signed onlv “X”, which articulated the doctrine of containment. That article became the spinal column of western policy. It is now his thesis, though that may be too formal a word for it, that at this moment in history the world is bedeviled not so much by the Soviet Union as by the adamancy of some of its critics, notably Americans. And he speaks not of the Curtis LeMay school of foreign policy (“bomb them back to the stone age”). Although he did not mention any names, he is really speaking about such men as Paul Nitze, and George Ball, and Henry Jackson — what one might think of as rne Dean Acheson school of foreign policy. These men and others like boring; really ... not very useful these days. Now George Kennan is in- them, reasons Kennan, are fluential for, among other- responsible for a sclerotic reasons, he is a very brilliantt mind set in the formation of man, of unimpeachable integ- foreign policy. If it were not ^ity• He has nothing of the; that we continue to think of Byzantine. Messrs. . . . the Soviet Union as Stalin’s anc* ^ovak have rece y country, we would move with written, after closely e*aa11 '' greater spontaneity in our re- in§ the ^rst military bu ge lations with it. We would ree- ot President Carter, tha ognize that the present lead- Carter is much more ers of Russia are truly conser- George McGovern in ma vative men, that the old re- of national defense than i volutionary elan is gone, and a Henry Jackson. that our programmed reflex- on,y five« years es are quite simply ill- George McGoverns¡defense considered, inappropriate to policies were rejec the task of bold experimenta- some emphasis. What a tion with the view to taking the opportunities at hand. Opportunities to do what? Well, Professor Kennan is not specific here. But one gathers that, for instance in the matter of the SALT talks, Mr. Kennan considers that all this fussing about whether we can move this weapon from here to there, about whether we have engaged in symmetrical responses to the development of this weapon’s system or that one —- all such talk, in Kennan’s view, is a kind of eristic militarism that binds down the intellectual faculty, preventing us from the fruitful explorations we should be undertaking. Now don't misunderstand me. Mr. Kennan — the am- biguist — tells us: he has a very high regard for the conventional people, he snows they are well-motivated, that they are skillful in the pursuit of their professional concerns etc. etc. . .But — I think it would be fair to summarize — he is saying they are faintly .. them defensible today? Indeed, what is it that is conservative about the leadership of the Soviet Union that could not also have been said to be conservative about the leadership of Joseph Stalin? Stalin always withdrew under pressure. But even Stalin did not exact, in behalf of a postwar military machine, anything like the sacrifice currently being made by Soviet citizens who although they live with a per capita income one-half the size of our own, spend twice per capita what we do on their military. George Kennan seems to feel that the moment has come for demarche. What will he say if in the next period the conservatives in the Kremlin get in the way of a settlement in the Mideast, practice a little irredenUsm in Yugoslavia, and crank up the war machine in North Korea? That the United States failed in its great opportunity to grow weaker faster? only 3 percent per year. Hence, if the economy can simply sustain a 3 percent per annum rate of real growth for twenty years, the size of our G.N.P. will double. The danger lies not in the slowing of real growth to about our historic average annual rate of 3 percent, but in the inflationary acceleration of nominal G.N.P. to an 11.6 percent average annual rate since the first quarter of 1975 (the start of the present recovery). Besides the impending petroleum and natural gas crisis generated by poor government policies both past, present and projected (see these columns of November on the Energy Crisis), the only major problem facing the American economy today and for the foreseeable future is the size and growth of Federal spending. By any measure the American economy is showing the classic signs of the burden of gargantuan government-imposed both in terms of spending and regulation. Let's focus on Federal deficit spending for now. Following on the heels of Federal budget deficits ranging from $50 billion to $60 billion in fiscal 1975 and 1976, the Office of Management of the Budget (OMB) recently estimated a budget deficit of over $58.6 billion for fiscal 1978. This past fiscal year’s budget deficit was $45 billion. (A budget deficit occurs when Federal spending exceeds taxes and other resources.) As was shown in the previous column, continual budget deficits, especially of the magnitude since 1975, are purely inflationary, since the Federal Reserve System (our central bank) must create billions in new money so that private money and capital markets can absorb new Federal debt. The U.S. Congress and the Administration are about to perform the ultimate in irresponsible actions by actually planning to run about $50 billion in deficits for both fiscal 1978 and 1979, fully three years into our present recovery. This is, in effect, massive use of inflation as an illegal tax! There has been no vote in Congress to tax all Americans’ incomes through inflation. Yet the inevitable result of running budget deficits when the economy is clearly in the advanced stages of the business recovery is indeed inflationary. The growth rate of the money supply has already been at inflationary rates since the first quarter of 1977 (currency and bank deposits, Ml, are up 9,2 percent, while the “Target” rate of growth set by the Federal Reserve is 6 percent). The current and planned level of budget deficits will result in ever- increasing rates of growth in money along with rising interest rates. Hence the Federal Reserve is caught on the horns of a double dilemma. If it refuses to accommodate the present and planned budget deficits, interest rates will surely rise, choking off the fragile recovery. If the Federal Reserve does accommodate the massive deficits, ever-increasing monetary expansion will occur. My prediction is for the worst of both worlds: accelerating inflation fed by increases in the money stock, along with rising interest rates. The latter will occur because, as inflation accelerates, lenders try to adjust their lending rates to protect themselves from future losses in buying power due to inflation. Will 1978-79 bring boom o: bust? The answer is both! Given the built-in lags (delays in the impact upon aggregate economic activity from government’s fiscal and monetary actions), economic activity should be reaching boom proportions early in 1978. It's estimated that industry was operating at close to 85 percent of capacity during the final quarter 1977. Inflation began to accelerate during the past recovery when capacity utilization reached 87.6 percent. This occurred during the 1973, the year the nation moved into double­ digit inflation. If your memory serves you, try to recall what followed quickly on the heels of the double-digit inflation of 1973. The two-year recession of 1974-75! M. STANTON EVANS Conned 'Scholars' Some months ago the nation's capital was astonished by a sad story about its educational system. The story concerned an honors graduate of a city high school—a straight-A student who had been valedictorian of his class. He applied for admission to George Washington University but was rejected. Reason: A poor performance on his College Board exams and on follow-up tests administered by the university. Despite his high school grades, this unfortunate young man was deemed unfit for college-level work. “My feeling about a kid like this,” said the uiyversity’s dean of admissions, “is that he’s been conned. He thinks he’s a real scholar. His parents think he’s a real scholar. He’s been deluded into thinking he’s gotten an education.” That was an extreme example, but not an isolated one. Witness the fact that in San Francisco and New York high school graduates have recently brought suit against school systems that allegedly failed to teach them how to read. Evidence is mounting that the public schools are failing badly in their mission, and that remedial steps are needed. Clearest proof of what is happening is the long-term nose dive of scores on the Scholastic Aptitude Tests. The SATs have been falling steadily for 14 years, with no apparent turnaround in sight. Average verbal scores declined by more than 40 points during this interval (on a scale of 800), mathematics scores by more than 30. These declines occurred, it should be added, in a period when spending for public education was escalating rapidly and enrollments leveled off and started to decrease. In OPEN PARLIAMENT Th. ,lo..m,nU and opinion* m Ih,. colan o,. -ho.o of tb* »"* « n*c**»or,ly «.prtt» op.mon. or conviction, hold by fh,. n.*.pnp.r UM*r. will b» pubi. w;,h only tbr *nt.r'. nom. ho*-v.r. on cddm.. (ond t.I.pbon. niinh.nl po...bl.) w. • only required with noch !#tt*r for v#nf bofor* publication, ond ovocy »Hod .bould b» contributor, and do not bod ill bo ation purpo.o. lotto.» mutt bo rocoi.od at loa.t 1*0 doy» odo to limit lotto-, to 500 *ord. Response Just Great! The response from the people of our community to “Operation Santa Claus” was just great. We had a gift for each person, plenty of cookies for the State Hospital and various local nursing homes, cakes and gifts for the folks at Adult Forensics. In short, thanks to everyone out there we were able to fill all the requests we had for making Christmas a little better for those who are often forgotten. We truly believe that our community has shown once again that it cares—and caring is what good mental health is all about. BROUN MAY ALL President El Paso County Association for Mental Health, Inc. KIP QUOTES bf fP 11 POSITIV 9 4 hieui „ OJt f h n o i ft m., / « iree has Succeeded , because h g ¿ca.nc.heJ ou f ter h im se /f. € >«■» -hnuiorJ 4nr*pl "•€ i /.* 1 1976 CiiftO'«' Burbe the Washington metropolitan area, for instance, total public school enrollments diminished by 52,622 pupils between 1970 and 1976, but total spending for public education mushroomed from $620 million to more than $1 billion. Federal spending on education nationwide has more than doubled in the past decade, from $4,06 billion in 1967 to an estimated $9.8 billion in 1977. Such sad results from so much money have prompted parents, taxpayers and even educators to take a closer look. Last fall the College Entrance Examination Board and the Educational Testing Service, which sponsor the SATs, brought out a report that analyzed the situation. Their survey suggested a variety of causes for the problem—too much television viewing, the decline of the two- parent family and so on. The preponderant weight of the evidence, however, suggested the ultimate difficulty is in the schools themselves. In essence, the panel found, the schools are demanding less and less from students and getting it. High rates of absenteeism are condoned, homework loads have been cut in half, textbooks simplified, grades inflated and automatic promotions handed out as “an entitlement rather than something to be earned.” As noted by educator- author Solveig Eggerz in a recent study for America’s Future (“Whatever Happened to the Public Schools and Why?”), the decline in basic learning skills should not be a particular surprise to anyone. We get what we bargain for. Over the past decade, this author shows, the public schools have been drifting ever further from traditional concepts of learning toward newfangled notions of “affective learning” that stress the shaping of emotional and cultural attitudes. Among the items she details are “open classrooms,” new math instruction, courses in consumer education, environmental studies, drama, minority affairs, science fiction, cultural relativism and a host of other pursuits that have crowded our traditional instruction. When we spend time and money instructing youngsters in such matters, she concluded, it should not surprise us that the SATs are falling like a stone. Hard to argue with. Proposals for A Paid Council Fact: We have four council members elected to districts and five council members elected at large all part time and without pay. Fact: The best things in life are not always free. Fact: A 1978 budget of $231.3 million for the city. Fact: A mayor not in favor of redistricting. Quote by mayor as follows: “I believe five members of council should be elected at large and thereby truly represent all of the citizens. If all elected officials are elected from districts, they tend to be parochial in their thinking (according to political analysts) and pork-barreling results (‘You support my projects and I’ll support yours’).” Fact: One definition of polarization is “Division into two opposites.” Proposal: That at the next general election proposals be placed on the ballot as follows: 1. Paid full time mayor. 2. Paid full time council elected by the vote of the people of their districts who will maintain an office within the district for which they are elected. When we continue to operate as the mayor suggests, do we not have “polarization?” — A division of the voting public, those who continue to vote in hopes that representative government will improve this city, and those who have grown discouraged as they have no outlet to express their thoughts in what they consider is for the overall good of Colorado Springs. As we evaluate some things which have happened over the years with an unpaid part time council which are elected to a district and five elected at large can we afford not to have a paid full time council?: a. Estimated $3 million overrun for construction at Memorial Hospital. b. Public voted not to spend tax funds for repair of old court house. After the vote some $250,000 of tax funds have been spent for this repair. c. Two parking structures downtown with one council member describing the last one as a priming of the pump. d. The beautiful zoning on North Academy Blvd; including the fire station in the middle of the street. The mayor opposes a full time council. He stated that under the city manager form of government the council acts as a board of directors (like a large corporation) and hires experts on the staff to carry out policy. The questions is: “Have you ever seen or heard of an unpaid part time board of directors of a corporation with a budget of $231.3 million per year?” Although there have been other proposals for a paid council such as the last for $6,000,1 feel this is only a token gesture. This in no way established a policy relating to how the voting public could communicate with a council member to express their views of problems or suggest improvements within the city, but most of all in the areas where they live. As the city continues to grow in miles, should it not also grow in all areas on an equal basis? As we, our children, and their children, will be asked to support this government, should we not be allowed to get involved under a true form of representative government? JAMES W. LILLY B ooh and O oggle Yhc f£C?£l?AL. <?A<?£ßWo£K ¿ omlavssiou Mt& foZ AED iWo VeAß.'S A<SO... a TTÍ ía T T/ME*** t/n&iuc \X Took V 30 miluow mam HOURS -Jo completo (SoV'TFtoßMS frffeß. 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