North State Whig from Washington, North Carolina on June 4, 1851 · Page 2
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North State Whig from Washington, North Carolina · Page 2

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Wednesday, June 4, 1851
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- J. jm-m. 1 : f 1. a variet j cf soil and productions not to be found on any rail road in the country. ' It commences in the rice fields on the Cape Fear and terminates in the cotton 'fields 'of the ancient and honored county of Mecklenburg, traversing-'-on its ray a highly ; productive Grain, Tobacco and Ccttcn growing country. What is deficient on cne partof the line to supply the wants of ; man is found on another, the rawj material on. .one point will supply the manufactures at another, who in "turn will send'out the wrought fabrics to the producer. The wheat and flour of the West will1 be exchanged for , the products of the coast, and thus a reciprocal, growing- and constantly increasing way trade . will Epring up, ' which the historv of railroads shew, is .the most business that pay. Then there is the cnterpns-inT and flourishing town of Wilmington which '.". may be regarded. as the eastcra'terminus.of the road, with her large West India trade, and varied . commerce, giving! her the ability to supply the wants of the producers and creating a constant 1 demantF for their productions, and. the markets of Virginia thrown open by the Raleigh and Gas ton Rail Road, with their demands and means of ' eupplfau uniting to s timulateindustry and pro duction and thus add such an amount of tonnage ' " and business - to the road as to render it almost r unnecessary to look beyond its limits for the 60uxceof its productiveness. , But, if we were permitted to. look abroad , w could with quit as : motoW plo;iilUy of argument as we seo urged every day, in connection with other schemes, place this one also in communication with Mem 'y phiswhich seems to be regarded by many as a ' point on the great high way to the Pacific! and we could then without any very great stretch of the imagination, extend this road to Beaufort, '" arid, fancy her safe and secure harbor crowded with .shipping from all parts of the world. . Such speculations would probably : not bo considered rational though far within the bounds of the " visions which fill the mind of the projectors of . Rail Roads possessing nothing like the probabili- 4ies of accomplishment as would seem to attend , ; the 0 very reasonable I project of . extending the North Carolina Road into Tennessee and down ; to Beaufort. y- ' 7!, .. V,'. H7:'yyyy: " ' ' And why should not North Carolina accom plish . this enterprise ? I believe she will ; she '' lias already authorised surveys to ascertain the cost of extending the road oyer the mountains ' ' and Wanted a" charter for a Rail dtoad to New ''' ' bern:Xboth schemes are entirely feasible and ; practicable, and will at no ; distant day, I have ' no doubt,. be accomplished. ; .They aro, probable " " in theory, and what is probable in theory' has in j ' practice always proved true. But these schemes are in tKe future, although in my opinion in. the " .. ." certain future. I prefer reasoning from the past and grasping what is before me. r Lodlcing, then , I '' as I nave said, to the wide spread-demand, and .i . it- it. mix j ri Lc it,,rt.', xu immediate borders of the road to supply that de mand j I have no fears of the result and feel no ' need of travelling beyond the borders of the State insearch of .trade and travel to demonstrate the 'productiveness of the Stock of the N. Carolina Rail Road..' I am, however, not indifferent to .the income' arising from tho through business ; it is one of the certainties of the present which I 1 edunt largely upon from our connection with tho Charlotte and South Carolina Rail Road, j Hav-: fae. however, in the " outset confined myself to the i limits of the roadJand to a simple statement . oi lis innueuces m pFumuwug wmc lixuuaujr, auu IHereby- addirist to the wealth of the State, and ' ' 1 creating business for itself I have, although !'- liberty to draw- heavily . from other sources I - brefer -leaving that 1. branch of tho. estimate to i .'others ijutte as competent to the 'computation as 4 myself, to make such additions as may suit their , -views.; , . . . . .. - . C : ...The" effect of ' rail roads every .where is to in-4 Jcrea3e the value of lands. , The ratio of increase 7rt is dependent upon the fertility of tho soil and, the remoteness of the lands from market j and' x the amouat of iqcreas-3 is exactly thp,capitalized the annual produce of an;acre; would give. For ' instance." if the annual saving m the transporta-4 . - tion of the produce of an acre of land is one dol-J l lar, the value of the land will be increased $16 J t i ;.the capital which at six.per cent, would yield a ;',v dollar. , My own impression is that the lands onj '-'tho' line Of tho North Carolina Rail Road will be! 1 K increased in a greater ratio than this, now uni-j Y Tersolly .acknowledged principle of ooiiiputation j roald give, for the reason that , tney are ironi i'somi causo greatly underrated, especially from! i J liexington to Chariot to ; ,the Lands on this por-j ' tion of, the road which grow Cotton as well aa -Gram,-compared with lands inVirginia similarj l'-J grow only grain arid grassy are valued at very IV Sixuatou iu reiereuuB ui iuu jt;ia : auu rnuuu , ..JitUe more than halt the price ot tne lands m - "Virginia: ThVcfibct of the Rail Road will b to raise these . lands to their, proper standard o vilue and add also thereto the jenhanced valua arising from the diminution in tho cost of trans 'T;.p station. : , " ' , t . Tho manufacturing establishments on the line fhq ork.hic.jare:.now in a comparatively feeble arid declining condition, will receive an r& 4npulse that will reward their enterprising prol i 1 :'. J i j : xu ,i l r ii st iineiors. uuu revive iuo uvvP1" jx .Jsltdvpcate ofihome, industry. : For it must be ob edl ivious to every one "how they aro alTocted by thd .The expenseCof transporting the jaw material ' l,and manufactured goods, constitutes an elemenl CvT', in the cost of those goods in market; - The riieans t ' of transportation are iu fact but a part of tha 'V' v machinery" in the irianafacture'of goods for mar t Ket, ana tne same principle applies as weu u the improvement of the one as in tho other f"-' The. man with, good machinery can manufactun ' . profitably and sell at a price at which the on with ooor machinery would be ruined. If thei V we apoly this principle to tho transportation o . the raw material, bread stuffs, and Other articles OI Consumption 111 iUUUlUiuiiuiug couauxxoxxxuuixws itneeds no anmment or oaicuiauon to snew tna 5, ho who can make use of a, rail road for this pur j pose can always undersell those who are without ' the accommodation. ' This is the true secret of ' the success of the Northern manufactories ; tho C'taJ J,-., . 1 . . . X '4, it- t . iioerai sjsrem oi mierum jutpruvuuicxiu m ' rf. ' North has cheapened the transportation of their ' .surrlies. : I doubt not, it would proye upon in4 """ vestigation. that the transportation of a bag of - . VIIAA1X XftVXXX WAV I4WIJV4 vv iwu - .fv of her rail road to Iowelli costs less than the 'y-''transportation to many manufactories 'in Northj Carolina, within a hundred mile? of the Cotton . ' .. '- y . : ; r r. T1j.( rvlnptinti in tliA tirfflo of transnortatlon must be attended at ' least with the working of U, ths existing cstalilishmcuts up to their lull ca- t '' ' i lit. jT..: " xt,- xt-. e pacify, and with their success, the erection oc others will follow, until in the course of time thej fjtit will become a manufacturing and by coa-t -; k ?r,2Q a cc"c'iming as well as producing State. The home market built up by tho . manulactur-i in g establishments will stimulate, encourage andt foster the agricultural interest, which is tho great interest of the State. And thus 'the' great ends of government will be accomplished by the silent workings of the system of internal improvements, without domg violence to the theories or pre- judiecea of any one. y The greatest benefit will be conferred on the greatest number. In tact all will be benefitted. For the North Carolina Rail Road is not a mere line of rail road accommodating a single line of travel and operating on a narrow section of the State ; there is scarcely t any portion or any interest in the State that is not benefitted by this work. It traverses nearly the whole length of the State, it is the Central Rail Road projected Jy the eld and ardent friends of internal improvements, crossing the channels Ot the principal rivers, bringing tljeir water fails and Manufactories into the actual vicinity ot thebea- boaid. It would be' difficult to plan a work,' so properly, so obviously and so essentially a State work. The oeoDle themselves have made it so by their wide spread and unprecedented individ ual subcription of a million of dollars, and by their endorcemcnt of the copartnership of the State from one end to the other, ii her sudscrip- tion of two millions more. ::j hat they will not be disappointed in their expectations,. I am quilp sure, unless it should turn out, arid there is Jno reason why it Should be so, that ( the same cause m North Carolina will not produce the same ef fects as in other States, North, South, East and West. In those States it" is found that rail roads relieve the burden ? of taxation. : First by the difference in the cost of transportation by common roads arid by rail roads, which may be stated at about two to one. Secondly by increasing the taxable property on the line of the road, a general reduction of taxa3 is made, thu3 lessening; the taxes on lands more remote, giving them an additional value, and thus the benefits of the road are extended far and wide, and are., telt by the whole agricultural: community. And .further more, the general benefits which result to trade and commerce from rail roads in other States ex tend to every portion of their territory; every branch of industry is offected by tho trade, and commerce opened by these channels of commuui cation. No one can doubt that the same results will be experienced in North Carolina. In short, the enect or a iudicions system oi. internai im provements is to unite a State as it were in one great community with all their wants, demands and supplies brought to view, stimulating enter prise and industry in. all the arts and various pur suits of,man.. i.. 4 i i; ; ; ' j And last though not on this account the least, I of the important benefits of the North Carolina the inducement to emigration which every ;year deprives the Btatc of a portion of her most " vig- oi ous, enterprising and intelligent population.- JL am, gentlemen, very respectable . ; .Your obedient servant, , j WALTER GWYNN, Civil Engineer: THE WHIG. JBe justy and fear not ! ; Let all the ends thou aim's t at y be thy Country'1 s WASHINGTON, NORTH CAROIxINA, 1 - WEDNESDAY, JUNE 4, 1S5J . T in s i ' .. .-1 1, i. - .i . '. ii.i i.i.i y . FOR CONGRESS, ; j WM. II. WASHINGTON, OF CRAVEN. THE CONTEST IN GEORGIA. V f r We like much the spine mac appears 10 per-the Union in? Georgia. vade the friends of Whigs and Democrats are forgetting the old party issues, and uniting to meet the great issue of Union or Disunion. - Wo subjoin the resolutions adopted at the primary meetings in several counties, and bespeak for them the careful consideration of the people in this latitude : ,''' ' In Crawford county it was . '"''- Resolved, That the Constitutional Union Party of Crawford recogrfizes no distinction of Whig apd Democrat, but will again go out to battle, with all and .any who , will unite with it in defence of the Union and Constitution of their ancestors. y ' . Resolved, That we plant ourselves upon the platform - built by the Georgia ' Convention, and that neither fanatical abolition demonstrations at the .North nor belligerent demagogues at the South can fright us from it. " y Resolved, That we believe a National Union Party can and ought to be formed, which will put down fanaticism at tho North and allay agitation at the South. ... ' . , , , . Resolved, That our thanks aro due to those eminent statesmen at the North who, amidst ev ery abuse and denunciation j both by the influence of their names and the power of their eloquence j have ; contended for tho Constitution a-gainst the. higher law." ' ' - I Resolved j That we, believing tho old issue of Union and Disunion will, ; in the approaching Gubernatorial election, be predated to the people, will cordially support the candidate who may stand by the Union and Constitution a-gainst the enemies of the one and the infringers of thd other ' ;',f - ' " - -; , y i -: Resolved, That the interests of tho South; require the rigid enforcement of the Fugitive Slave, Law, and that we will strictly abide by the provisions of the Compromise, and that we deriumd a like adherence on the part of the North. I - Resolved,' That a committee of twenty be appointed "to report suitable delegates to represent the county of Crawford in the approaching Convention to nominate a Union candidate for Governor' . v .' . --' .'-' ry-r " ' j" y . s " ,; In Twiggs countyit was - ; i . - Resolved, That a crisis, has arrived in thes affairs of our country, which impels us to a repudiation of. old party.- distinctions, and that; we dissolve all pre-existing . parties of Whig and Democratic, and that we approve of the organization of the. V Constitutional Union Party." ; Resolved, , That we deem it highly expedient to send delegates to a Convention ; to be held in 51illedgeville,- to nominate a ; Union candidate for Governor, and that; we will support the nomination of ; said. Convention, whether it be Whig or Democrat. o-i . . . V 's ! -1 Resolved, . That we invite all lovers of lata and order vrithont distinction c f part ies , to join us i the ; vxaintenance of . the Compromise of tie last Congress to aid . us in the execution of, the laws, and to assist us in ? preserving the Constitution inviolate. i ; -.' - I : Resolved, - That we support no man who is disloyal to tlio Union qMIicsq United States: ,x y In Raker, a preamble 'set forth - ; r Whereas, we believe that the old issues of ihe Whig and Democratic parties are no longer before tho people, and wishing to obliterate the "old party asrociations that heretofore engrossed the public mind, and unite in one firm front to oppose fanaticism at the North, or tho rashncs3 cf our Southern Rights friends ; 7 j Therefore be it Resolved, . j That we will support, in tho approaching e? lection for Governor, no man vrho isiwt firm and fast in his attachment to the Constitutional Un ion principles of our party, arid who is, notub-i licly and irrevocably committed to the saineiy,. After, tho reading and adoption of the above resolutions, Hon. Garnctt v Andrews, who hap pened to be present, in answer to repeated calls from the' audience, favored the meeting with an eloquent and spirited address ; giving an instruc tive history' of ,the late crisis, explaining the doctrines" of the Constitutional Union Party, and exposing ' th. , motives of those persons who art endeavoring to make 'Disunion , : schemes under . the doak of old party sentiments ' y ? ' 'In Talbot, there is a like movement. . So in Decatur.4. Ditto in Macon and in Upaon. . In Meriwether, it was set forth r- I Whereas, a' feeling of hostility still ; exists in many portions of our country against the Union of the States of; this confederacy, and whereas, one of our sister States is now making all necessary preparations to sever, the cords; which bind her j to the : sisterhood of ? States, titw&mes the imperative duty of every patriot tcho duly 'appre- to exert himself in favor of. the Union, soiokg as the Constitution is respected and carried ait m its original spirit; - Thereforej &o., &c. . . . V r . Thus the serious character of the issue-f'-y hick is Union or Disunion breaks down aU. ola party organizations. It is refreshing to feel.&at a largo majority of the . Georgia" People seem ;to be awake to the crisis and to its importance.' . - THE CENTRAL RAII ROAD A5TD NAG'S, HEAD. . Commencing "on the first page of this jjaper may be found the report of IMaj. Gwynn io the President and Directors of the Central! Rail Road. - The report contains information; and facts interesting to e veryjNor th Caroliiuiwbeth-. er ho is to . bo immediately benefitted by the Road or not. .The Directors havqlpcaecl the Rjoad through the whole outc,' andhaveadvero tised for proposals to build tho wholejUi jS.lctions converiient to contractors. r .v . . xi- 4' -v Wo also give to-day the proceedings'pf the Nag's .Head convention held at" Plymouth on tho 22d ult.- This, .too, is a work of vast im portance to tho people of a large section of North Carolina tho wholo of that section bordering on the Albermarle Sound and it tribu-tariesx And not only so, but it is of great importance to the commerce of the whole Union. It is a shame, that this 'work has not beeri'moro encouraged Twice have bills makmgrapPro- priations r for it been defeated by the interposi tion of the Presidential veto and at Tthe last ses&ion the friends of tho work lost $5CbOO by thb factious opposition in the Senate to the River arid Harbor bill. ; Rut the spirit of jersever- ance and determination to have the inlet re opened, which animates the pcopleorthe Albe-marlo region, mustr prevail. The worcnas got to bo donc, in spite of croakings against It here in y NortU v Carolina, (or, elsewhere, .yhlt'a a "fixed fact." - -- l- y - - ' j -'f'; ' ' - CLINGMANS DISTRICT ; . We aro greatly gratified to learn that & urgess S. Gaithcr, Esqr. is a carididatc for Congress in opposition to the Disunion (Whig) Clirigman, and that there is but little doubt of his. triumphant election. . ; ''.'? . . , .--'f J I Mr. Gaithcr is a gentlernan of great popular ity and very handsome talents.1 He is ' entitled to the thanks of the country for coming out to save North Carolina tlie disgrace of : any Jonger having such a representative in Congress a Mr yWe' have received a pariiphlet eritjtle ."Ex tracts from the speeches bf::6j:EClirimaij on various subjects ;" and we venture to say that since the world was created, just such a bundle of inconsistency and folly, was never -heard of, as Mr. C. is shown to be frorii his own speeches The pamphlet before us is enough, of itself, to sink him to a political "damnation so deep that tho hand of resurrection never can reach him." DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. Tho .Demooratio convention meets to-day in Newbern to nominate a candidate for Congress.' - JGSy We have a specimen ofi new Irish pota toes, the largest wo t ever saw at this ebason. They were grown in the garden of Thomas Spar- row, Esq., , of Newbern. ' The largest weighs 101 ounces. . , They were dug on. jthe last day of May. (iuano with stable manure was used in their production. I w.n5.J sn Chs.; B. Lowther, Esq.rhas become associ ate editor of tho ''Plymouth News,", the title of which is to be changed to the' Villager," and it is to 1 be neutral "to;poHHw- ". .Amongst the late political moveriicnts'in AhU bariia we notice that the Hon. t Wm. LVYancet declines the Secession nomination for Congress in the Montgomery District, leaving the field open for the Union candidate, James Abercrombie, M. Yancet also deolines the nomination of .his Disunion friends for Governor. Hon. Benjamin G. Shields is the Union candidate for that office. ANTI-SECESSION MEETING IN SOUTH -.:; -CAROLINA. y.y-y . The Ilamburg Republican understands 'that there is to be a meeting oq . Saturday the 31st instant, by ; those who' are opposed to- separate secession by South Carolina a't'pres&nlfrbra the Federal Compact, and that someitHrcc r nundred names are attached to the " call--all citizens -of Ilamburg and its r vicinity. ; r Judge Sutler, Gcri. 'Hammond and others, will bo invited to addi-css the meeting. ::; "-- ' 4 f ; ' ... THE "UNION" PRAISING WEBSTER. . '-i -; ; . l'. '. Washington, May ,27. - f-The Union this morning publishes Hon. J)an iel Webster's Speech at -Buffalo, and culos03 the author. The editor says : ,"IIe has won a character vwhich commands tho respect of the wholo country for the light it has shed upon its best interests, and for tho noble example he exhibits of uriflinching fidelity to the convictions of lllS imnd." : ;'::;::-; - ' -.The; Albany Argus- (one of the few Northern Dcmocratio papers' opposed to further slavery agitation) in alluding to Mr. Webster's visit to )that city, has the following liberal remarks, more honorable even to their author than to him who the subject oftherii :; v "We intended to have said yesterday, in al-lAding :. to tho demonstration in honor ' of Mr, Webster, that it originated with young men of this city without regard to party, and was intended be an affair altogether of that character. Thit the invitation was afterwards more gener-ally signed was not the result of solicitdtion on the jsart of its originators. No sooner did, the rBOvement become known than it was found that many citizens,rwithbut regard to age or politics, irere desirous of being parties to it ; and the opportunity "being presented, they cordially availed themselves of ' it. No , doubt, had , it been . the object to make a parade of names, the list might have been indefinitely extended without effort, Such we are gratified to say, is the. depth and strength in this city of the truly national "and patriotic sentiment which Mr. Webster has e- mitted no suitable opportunity to inculcate and strengthen during his visit to this State. ' And, we may add, that, honorable as such expressions of respect may be to him, they are much more honorable to those who, regarding country as a-bove party, are prompt to tender them. ' ' , THE MASSACHUSETTS COALITION-y ...-j . . JSTS. - y; y Ono hundred and seventy members (Whigs) of the late Senate and House of Representatives of ? Massachusetts have published an address to the people, exposing and denouncing the bargain of the democrats and free soilers for the election of Governor, United States Senator; &c. The address says- ' " ' f ' V- .'Wo think it duo to the fair fame of our State that such transactions should not go forth to the world in a' silence whichmight be construed into an admission that they arc in conformity with tho usual principles and conduct of those who are : trusted by the pcoplo of Massachusetts to mako its laws. Wo think it due to the public morals that the true character of such acts should not bo obscured in- any minds by tho miserable sophistry which has been thrown over them.' 'i "The address is quite lengthy, and exceedingly severe upon the coalitionists. . v THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW, IN . VERMONT. Hon. Samuel Prentiss, U. S. District Judge of Vermont, (formerly a Senator : in Congress,) at the opening of the court, May 21, delivered aa able charge upon the spirit of lawlessness and insubordination which, has recently found so ma ny advocates in the country. He closed with discriminating and sound refutations of the "higher law" doctrines of the day. The last paragraph has a pointed reference to the . Vermont nulUfying law,! in relation to fugitive slaves, thus - .! The merits of every law may be freely discussed, and opinions may be freely expressed for or against it. But it must be remembered that it is one thing, to disapprove of the law of the general government and seek by constitutional means to procure, its modifications or repeal, and quite another thing to oppose or encourage re sistance to it, or under the forms of -local legis lation to array the State authorities against its execution. Every act Congress passed pursuant and in conformity to the constitution,' is by that instrument declared to be the supreme law of the land, anything in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding. Of course, every State enactment which authorises any interference with or obstruction Jto such general paramount law. being in conflict with it, is inoperative and void ' This is a principle esseatial to the existence of the national government ; and it may be affirmed with truth, and I state it because it is matter cf the highest moment, that it is only under the operation of this principle, and by a faithful observance on the part of the States and the people of the obligations and injunctions of the constitution, that we can hope to preserve this Union, and continue its blessings to ourselves and our posterity." FIRE NEW FIRE COMPANY. A fire broke "out on Friday night last amid the naval stores on the wharf connected with tho turpentine stills of Capt. John Tyler. It was extinguished with a loss to CaptJ T. of only about 100 barrels rosin The new juvenile company the Phoenix rendered good service on this occasion.... They were first on the ground , andlield the fire, in check till the other companies came up ; when the flames were smothered "in less than no time.' " ' r. .'-"' 7 , ' ,Wo are'sorry to learn that Mr. Oliver Jarvis, of the Ocean.' Company, was severely, burned, from melted rosin running down upon him as ho' was in the river endeavoring to move a flat :that was in the way ' hV;!';?:?y?t'-y-.y! ' We owe ' an apology to the Phcenix company for not. having before noticed it.' .It is comprised entirely of . youths who, although subject to military duty ' are not entitled to admission into the other fire companies in consequence of their not having attained the ago of 21. Their services have ; been accepted by the Commissioners, and they are a legaUy organized company,' entitled to aH the rights and privileges of the other fire 'companies, yjJ'y'J'fi'::lv'' yyvy: 1. " The formation of this coiapany is; at this time (when secession anol disunion meet with so much favor in certain , quarters) peculiarly gratifying. Our";fire companies possess j and exercise rights and powers similar to those possessed and exercised l)y the general and state governments. Each company la :in fact a miniature Republic, possessing and exercising the legislative, executive and judicial powers. As a legislature they make all laws wtich they think necessary to promote their prosperity. , As a judiciary they try all offenders, against t their laws. jTho oEi? ccrs of the companies constitute an executive who carry the laws into operation. : Thus each company possesses and exercises the right f self-government. Wo need not be alarmed for the stability of tho form of government adopt ed by the framcrs of 4 our glorious constitution when its principles are so well understood : by our people that even our boys are able prac tically to carry them into operation. We would say to tho members of tho Phoenix Company you have shown a praise worthy and commendable . spirit in forming your company ; you, have dono , yourselves credit . and the town good service at your first lire. " Persevere in your laudable efforts,' and no doubt your exer tions will bo rewarded with the applause of all good citizcUs. : ; ;; .y;.. ; :;V ;-: : We would say to the citizens cherish this company. I hey deserve well at your hands. The youth of 'a community aro its pride and its hope - Furnish this company with all the ap paratus they may need. ' If they had a good suction engine they would bo a much more effi cient company than they are. They are deserv ing of a good set of apparatus, and we hope they will bo supplied with it. - ' f , It y ' FOURTH 0 ULY.r; ' I Arrangements arc making m this place to have an unusually spirited celebration of tho glorious 4th. , - SALARIES. Tho annual salaries of Bishops in tho English Church are stated as follows. Archbishop of Canterbury, : ' $217,000 j Archbishop of York, 135,520 Bishop of Durham, - ; : 140,200 ; Bishop of London, ' 5 ;'.T, 290,400 : The 25 reriiaining Bishops, "" -'" 726,000 ; SALE OF A NEWSPAPER ESTABLISII- ; MENT. ' ,'' , ; Charleston, May 28. The Charleston Evening News has been sold out fto a party who will conduct it on decided Union principles. - j ' ", ADVERTISING. . '.V. The following is a good illustration of tho "penny wiso, pound foolish,, policy which very many worthy persons still adopt : - , y i . ; J A man in Saybrook, Canada, recently had a farm for sale, and was advised to advertise it ; he said ho "couldn't afford it." Tho farm was sold for $1500 ; the purchaser bought "on speculation," paid $2 for advertising, and shortly afterwards sold tho samo farm for two thousand dollars ! Comment is unnecessary. . An orator holdinjr forth in favor of women, concluded thus "Oh, my hearers, depend upon it, nothing beats a good wife: "I beg your pardon," replied one -of the female auditors, "a drunken husband does." l A Georgian Editor Busted." An editor in : Georgia, who has recently 'busted up,'" as he terms it, crows smartly over or upon the fact that he did it with the honors of war. Although he admits that ho retired from the field, he says that ho did it with colors flying a Sheriff's flag fluttering from two windows and the frost dooi of his ojjkef ?'- i.r: --y , -vi v ' ' VIOLATION OF THE U. S. MARITIME ;,,v: v-f-y:.;;-.;. LAWS. ' - .' The ships Essex, Coriolanus, and Australia, threo British vessels, wero seized at New . York On Saturday byVthe United States marshal, for a violation of .the act of February, 1847, which limits the number of passengers to bo brought in each vessel. The above named ships had twenty passengers each over. and above the number allowed by the act, by which, says tho Herald, they become forfeited to tho United States Government. - The Governor of Massachusetts has appointed a lawyer of Boston an Inspector General of fish. , Lawyers ought to have a practical knowl edge of fish, for they are generally considered very great sharks.- Ledger. ..' ; ' i "' The President received a pressing invitation at Buffalo to visit Detroit. The Democrats joined in the invitation, and particularly G ener-al Cass and his family. - Mr. Fillmore also received a pressing letter hero to vis tho Brandon estate in Virginia ; one of the most beautiful and extended, in the Old Commonwealth, and occupied, we believe, by a daughter of Mr. Ritchie. Mr... Ritchie, who is now in retirement, also joined heartily in this invitation. It is due to the Democratic Mayors and Common Councils of tho cities of Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Utica, and Albahy, to say that they nave treated the President and his Whig companions in travel with - a respect and attention eminently creditable to them as men, and most honorable to them as gentlemen attached to a party of opposite politicSii ' ' " T-''i I,--;-! f The President of the United States camb and departed yesterday by the most expeditious1 route to the scat of government. Wo have devoted a largely additional space to tho accounts of his reception homeward, to which we ask tho attention of the readers of the Express and particularly to the speeches made by the President and Messrs. Graham and Crittenden.. ' y n -.-,' . , . . : ;; ' 'N. f Y. Express. ': ' A BENEVOLENT HORSE, ' '-. A horse in the neighborhood of New York dragging a load of coal; 1200. weight, in a cart on a slow walk, came up to a child carelessly seated in the middle" of the' road, gathering up , the dust with bis hands, and making 'mountains out of molehills.? The horse stopped he smelt of the child therd was no room to turn off. W ith his thick lips he gathered the frock between Lis teeth, lifted the child up and laid him gently on tho outside of the wheel track, and Stent on his way rejoicing;' and well he :might . rejoice Lo had done a noble deed, v - ?r ' , - . y . THE CONSEQUENCE ; OF SECESSION. -; We abandon the Union, and involve ourselves n i e xt. tt ?x . i t'i . a . in a uuiuxiub ui uruis wilix tuo umieu - oiai.es.-Every man capable of bearing arms will have to abandon his business and repair to the tented field. Tho property of the State would have to be consumed in taxes or driven out of the State. Thousand and tens of thousands of our citizens would leavo tho State with their families , and property.; Business of every kind would be interrupted. - - The present hi gh prosperity autl happy condition of South Carolina would vanLh: The direct trade to Charleston will 1 o u ! in no 00d3 would be imported. 'ILo itLauts, f iim city wouia nave io leave it. instead of t v. citing tho sympathy of tho other ycutLr m Y-, a, we should incur their displeasure aud I, tin. I Such a step on the part cf South Carolina U u reflection on their patriotism and intelligence. They have all, except Mississippi, cxr rcr ' t'lf selves satbCcd with tho Coini-uoml o, iflaitLfui. ly carried out. 1 his is doing nr.d lias been Aircaay many oi our bCbt citizen? aro jnc j,ur. ing to leavo the "sinking ship," and many others have expressed a determination to pond c;T (l,t ir property if S. Carolina doc3 tcccdoT We Lnu.y a gentleman of this place, one of the largest tl.ivo-holdcrs, if not the largest, in tho upper jart of South JJaroluvi, who is now preparing to quite tho State, whero ho has resided fur thirty ye;m beforoour troubles commenced, and take up 1n abode in tho upper part of Georgia. There U a merchant of this town, who ha3 a branch of Lis business in Augusta, and who always hcrcioruro ordered his shipments to Charleston, Las rea nily directed them to Savannah, in order to clear of our troubles ! These arc only indication of what mischief and ruin wo may expect to follow in tho train of secession. Greenville (S. C.) Tat) Li. , NAG'S iJIEAD CONVENTION. ; At an adjourned meeting of tho Nag's IjVn.l Convention, held at Plymouth, on. Thursday tho 22nd May, 1851, t?o Meeting wan call -d f., order by II. G. Spruill, Secretary ; and Jo. c j li C. Norcdm, ono of tho Vico rrcsident.-), took tho chair as President of tho convention. The Secretary called over tho conn l ies nn-1 tho following Delegates appeared and took their seats, viz : .... Bertie county. Lewis Bond, Dr. Bon 1, Col. Worlcy, R. B. Freeman, Henry A. Gilliam, Dr. J. R. Gilliam. , K . Martin county! D. C. Guythcr, N. B. Fa.r.i, J.B. Griffin. 1). W. Bagley. all i '1 . . Chowan county. 11. 11. Heath, E. C. Iliu'v, W. C. Hunter, Col. J. C. Bond. 'Pasquotank county. Gen. J C. B. Ehrinr-haus, Br. Godwin, T. Knox. Camden county. Capt. Forbc3, M. S. Uuhh-cU. , Currituck county. D. C. Lindsay. Tyrrcl county. J. Halscy, Joa. IMcCIm, It. Davenport, J. F. Davenport, N.Owciw, S.Lcili W. Carstarphen, J. A. Warrock. Washington county. J. C. Norcom, C. t. th.am,' E. W. Jones, T. E. Pender, T. 11. Nirh-oils, J. G. AVilllams, I. Kelly, II. B. Short, . II. Batcman, J. Brabblo, Dr. B. F. Fes,scnd n, J. Griffin, T. Bcckwith, II. II. Harrison, 11 Rcppcss, A. Johnston, E. Hanks, W. Bar.'y, E. J. Johnson, J. Ramsey, W. liborn, .1. 1. WinilcyT T. S. Latham, E. II. Willis, 11. U. White, C. G. Haughton, J. Bcasley, F. F. Pagan, W. A. Littlcjohn, A. AViley, C. Lowther, Dr. W. W. Ward . and II. G . Spruill. J. McC. Boylo, ono of tho secretaries, beir.g absent W. C. Hunter was appointed in L'u j.Lico. On Motion of T. E. Pender, Resolved That a committee of seven bo appointed by tho President, to prcparo and report subject matter for tho convention. , ! The following gentlemen wero appointed to compose said committee, viz: T. E. Pender, .J C. Ehringhaus, J. Halscy, II. Gilliam, B.C. Lindsey, R. J, Heath and D. C. Guythcr. Information having been received that tho Hon. David Outlaw was in Town, Ordered that tho President appoint a committee of tluco to wait on Col. Outlaw, and invite him to attend the convenion-f-committcp composed of Menu-. Pender, Knox and Davenport, who retired nnl in a few minutes returnod and reported that llou. D. Outlaw was in the convention. Col. Outlaw, being called on, roso an lex; plained in a neat and appropriate ppceeh, tho causes of tho failure of tho appropriation f ir Nag's Head, at tho last session of Congress, ani urged upon the pcoplo to press tho subject lo-fore Congress. Ho suggested that tho people tihould make tlin a question in the elections and not vote for uy man who was not pledged to vote for and pre.- an appropriation on Congrcas. Mry Halscy from tho committco to prepare subject matter for tho convention, made tho fallowing report Resolved, That this convention regard uiih unabated interest the importanoo and practicability of re-opening Nag's Head Inlet; that thu convention approves and re-affirms all the pro- Eositions heretofore adopted by the con vvi.t Join eretoforo assembled in l'lymnuth and Fdcnloii, for tho furtherance of this most desirable object; tha wo believe tho measures already proposed, if persisted in and pressed, will' secure to v tho completion of this work; and this commits c recommend to the convention to act upon and pursue the resolutions and projects adopted by t'ao convention at its previous sitting. This committee recommends to this convention, tho adoption of such action as hi i all ''! public attention to the importance of thU work, both to tho state and general government. Thi committee recommend that when this convention adjourns it adjourn to meet again at euch j laco and time as tho convention shall approvo of. Mr. Fagan moved tho adoption of tho report, pending which, Gen. Ehringhaus addressed tbo convention in an eloquent and animated ppcech, urging upon the' people to prcs.i th'm subject before Congress, and pledging the warm support of Pasquotank and adjoining counties, to the work- Col. Lindjy, of Currituck, bein'; called on, roso and declared, that ho regretted that nn i'!1' prcssion had gono abroaj-1 that hia county va- opposed to this work, ho said thatsho w:is warm--ly in favor af it, and ho was here as an cvH'.n '0 of her friendship. : Tho report of tho committeo was adopted. . .Hon. David Outlaw reported, that be had rft ceived of vjho committee appointed at the 1;'"' ton convention (Messrs. Hathaway and Woj'1) the sura of $13 G, and that ho had placed tu ammint in tha lmnd-i r,f Vrr.fi'S.znr Bachc. tohv.O .Wimble's Map cf N. C. lithographed, and tbit the work would soon bo "completed, and dtn uted." Mr.' Halscy. moved that an Executive com-'mittco Of cno from each county iatercr to 1, l& :x..1 x - 1 x ...t..1.r4 t1 T' propria11 for Nag's Head, hereupon! the following com mittce was appointed, vh : - - Northampton, Halifax, Martin, Washington! " Tyrrel, Bertie, Hertford, Gates, Chowan, ' Perquimon.1, Camden, ; , : la.vpiot:iu!:, " Caf"tuck, II, K. Bargwyn. Ja.i. Smith. I). W.'Ib' : y. II. B. Short. Jon. McClecs. It. B. Freeman. Btarkey E'.arpo. T. G.'VaM.'hm, J. T. Bun I. ' Jo.i. Cannon. V. 11 Harriet. Mai. :. ib ri----; B N. Uray

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