Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 23, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Tuesday, July 23, 1963
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By FttLfON LEWIS Jft,. WASHING ON - The dapper Adam Clayton Powell, Congress* inan»Minister from New York's Harlem, will deliver his sermons find write his bills behind bars, if a constituent has her way. Se is Mrs. Esther Matilda James, a <J6*year*old widow who Powell once identified as a "bag woman'^r graft collector—for crodked cops. Mrs. James sued, and was awarded $211,500 in damages by the New York State Supreme Court. That was April 4'. SINCE THAT TIME, however, Mrs. James has been unable to find her Congressman. She now wants to arrest him on what is known as- body attachment and Wants him kept in custody until he pays up. Mrs. James* attorney, Ray- moifd Rubin, went before State Sufjfeme Court Justice Charles Mirks, the other day, to petition the court to have Powell picked up; The Congressman, says Mrs. Jarrtes, visits his district only on Sunday when legal service can't be made. From Monday to Satur* day, he can be found in Washing- tort , (sometimes), Paris, Puerto file* or Rome. The Congressman's defense is simple. Under the Constitution, he argued in /an affidavit to Mr. Justice Marks, he could not be touched while Congress is in ses* sion. SENATORS and Representa* tives, under Article 1, Section 6, Clause 1 of the U.S. Constitution "shall in all cases except treason, felony, and breach of peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance of the session of their respective houses and in going to and returning ?r6m same." Explained Powell, heretofore not renowned as an authority on Constitutional law: "The found* ing fathers of the Federal Con* stitutloh deemed it necessary that members of Congress should be privileged from arrest when imv portant work of Congress demands their attention." * # • MORE THAN MFTY of the country's most promising young Marxists gathered in New York last month to map organizing strategy. .,' They were leaders of the Progressive Youth Organizing Committee, a group described as eonttmwl#(4!omfnlfed. The description was expressed by J. Edgar Hower, director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. They heard a number of speak* ers including Rev, Milton ttalam* ison, a Brooklyn NAACP leader and one of the sparkplugs In the New York school integration fight. , . • Featured attraction at one session was Marvin Markman, an identified communist who now heads up party youth activities for New York State. The delegates heard one speaker order mass demonstrations when the Subversive Activities Control Board holds hearings to determine whether or not Advance, a local youth group, is run by communists. Me edited for demonstrations Inside and outside the hearing room,' * la San Francisco, where three years ago, cofflmunlsMed rioters broke up • bearing of tht House UnAmerlcan Committee. REPUBLICAN* have served notice that they will oppose the latest scheme of the Area Be* development Agency* a proposed grant of $1,5 million that would air-condition the, Atlantic City convention Hall In time for tha Democratic National committee. sen. John J. Williams, influential Delaware Republican; was blunt: "1 most respectfully sug* gest that if the Democratic National Committee desires . air* conditioning it pay for It." Atlantic City, which boasts a thriving, tourist trade, 'is nevertheless considered a "depressed area." ' Copyright 1983 < Reds 9 Hungarian Prisoners, Price of a EDITORIAL I III I ent and Review Successor to the Army . Those empresses of the oceans, the Queen Mary and the Queen Elizabeth, are on their *-way to retirement, but the era of luxurious ocean travel is far from over. Sir John Brocklebank, chairman of. the board of the Cunard 1 Steamship -Company, admitting-to a "degree to urgency," promises a statement on a replacement for the Mary at the annual shareholders' meeting at Liverpool on Friday. Sir John has intimated that the new liner will be in the 55,000-ton class. This would be considerably smaller than the 81,237-ton Mary or the 83,673-ton Lizzie, and more in line with the eminently successful 66,348-ton France and 51,988-ton United States. The new ship, by British estimates, will cost anywhere from $56 million to $60 million. This is as against the estimated $85 million cost of the "Q3," the 75,000-ton superliner swept from the drawing board by Cunard two years ago. The government after some discussion had agreed to subsidize Q3 as an instrument of national prestige. Cunard has asked for help again, with suggestions about the benefit to employment in depressed areas that would result from such an order. "Cunard may have got aid for military or political reasons before," The Economist of London observes, "but it should not be treated any differently from other shipowners now." Ocean liners have a useful life of about 30 to 35 years. The Queen Mary, launched in 1934, by the wife of King George V, for whom it was named, is to be withdrawn from service as outmoded and uneconomic in about five years. Hence a decision on a successor is imminent; it would take about four yers to construct. The Queen Elizabeth, named not for the reigning but for the dowager queen, will be retired in about 10 years. Cunard has eight passenger liners in the Atlantic trade. Last year the Queen Elizabeth was put to profitable use cruising out of New York. So in a radical departure from Cunard's conservative policies she will be joined this year by the Caronia andFranconia; the Queen Mary and the Mauritania will cruise out of Southampton. The Carmania; will sail out of Port Everglades,-Fla. , . '. When Cunard dropped the Q3 it was' believed the day of leisurely Atlantic crossing de luxe might be at twilight.' But the first year of operation of the new French luxury liner France proved just the opposite. This graceful ship, third largest in the world, in its initial year grossed $22.7 million. The Italian Line, indeed, is following the French gamble reasonably enough by building two 43,000-ton sister ships for the Atlantic trade — the Michelangelo and the Raffaello. "The airlines may be carrying some 74 per cent of the growing trans-Atlantic business," Antonio Premuda, the Italian general manager in the U. S. said recently, "but our faith in the future of the steamship business is undiminished." Many business executives who at first welcomed the speed of air travel have been reverting to ships for recreation. Some companies are even sending top management people on semi - business - conference crossings. Steamships may carry only a quarter of the trans-Atlantic volume, but they carry 50,000 more passengers than they did 10 years ago. Some travelers will always choose the comfort — and notably the cuisine — of those great gallant ships which ply the Atlantic. By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN HE IS a short man, a native of Hungary, and he ta|ks slowly and carefully in a precise, though oddly accented, English. His eyebrows are strong and heavy, giving an impression of .hidden physical reserve. On his left arm there is a tattooed identification mark, the ineradicable reminder of his compulsory "registration* 'in a Nazi concentration camp. During World War II he was shuttled about from camp to camp by his captors; just before he was scheduled for execution*and an anonymous grave he escaped and managed to make his way to General "Lucky Forward" Patton's lines. It was his second escape from totalitarianism, for, as a captured officer of the Austro- Hungarian Army during World War I, he had been sent away to northeastern Siberia. When the Bolsheviks grabbed him, he managed to buy his freedom by pretending he was a skilled veterinarian and hence exchangeable for a Russian veterinarian whom Lenin's government wanted back. The point of this introduction to the; career and character of Dr. Bela Fabian, the head of the Federation of Hungarian Former : Political Prisoners, is ^hat he knows what it is like to be stuck away behind barbed wire or in a remote place from which attempted escape is usually a form of suicide. As a survivor of the Nazi hell of Auschwitz, Dr. Fabian considers that a duty has been laid upon him to spend the rest of his life working to save political prisoners who are still being held incommunicado. There are plenty of them today, in Soviet Russia and in China—and they include among them some 63,000 Hungarian compatriots of Dr. Fabian who were carted away, to Kazakstan in Soviet Asia after Khrushchev's armored divisions had finished the business of smashing the Hungarian Revolution. ORIGINALLY the seized Hun­ garian "pols" were 75,000 in num* ber—but, as a measure Of his willingness to soften a bit, Khrushchev allowed 12,000 of the captives to be repatriated^ But that was long ago as a prisoner's life is reckoned, in 1958. The remaining 63,000 prisoners have had five years of forced' labor in the Soviet Union since the "token" repatriation of the 12,000. . . Now the talk is that sonfe non- aggression agreement might be worked out between the NATO nations and the ( Soviet satellite nations of Eastern Europe. Khrushchev, in suggesting a pact, has been showing his pleasant side. As the poet Robert Frost said, Khrushchev has the ability to seem a "genial ruffian." Such "ruffians" are in marked contrast to Stalin, who was generally dour and implacable and whose humor was heavily sarcastic. A "genial" Khrushchev intent on playing the role of Dr. Jekyll may be better for the western world than the shouting, shoe-banging Bolshevik version of Mr. Hyde. But Dr. Bela Fabian sees it somewhat differently. He is afraid that, in a period of amity between the West and Moscow, the 63,000 Hungarian prisoners will be forgotten. Among the 63,000 there. Were, whert the original seizure was made, some 7,000 girls, then aged 13 to 18. "The lucky ones among, those girls," says Dr. Fabian broodingly, "were those who managed to find single lovers among the Russians to protect them." Svetlana Tukashev- slcy, whose father, the famous Marshal Tukashevsky, was executed during the big purge of the Nineteen Thirties, befriended the 7,000 Hungarian girls—and some of them have managed to get letters posted to the West, which is how Drr Fabian has been able to keep track of what goes on in Kazakstan.' The UN has not been able to do anything for the Hungarian prisoners in Kazakstan. There have been amnesties of a sort (in reality, suspended sentences) in Hungary, where Dictator Radar is now aspiring to be called a liberal. But there has been no amnesty, no Bay of Pigs type of ransom, for the deportees. Senator Hubert Humphrey tried to talk to the visiting Soviet envoy Mikoyan about the Kazakstan prisoners when he was in Washington, but all the Senator got was a stony answer that the only prisoners in Russia were common criminals. t SO WHAT should be done if the prisoners are not to be sacrificed to "amity" between West and East? Are they doomed to be swept under the rug for the crime of having been Hungarian patriots? Dr. Fabian's Federation of Hungarian Former Political Prisoners has one last wild hope: let an exchange of Hungarians from Kazakstan be .put high on the agenda as one price of any deal with Khrushchev on eastern Europe. There should be other prices, too, but that is another subject. Copyright 1963 Hard Words a Change in Soviet-China Relations By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — There are a couple of new twists in Russian policy toward China. Careful analysis of the Soviet Communist Party's Central- Committee reply to Chinese communist negotiators in Moscow reveals them. But there is no detectable change in the basic policies of the international communist conspiracy. Conciliatory language which marked previous Russian replies to the Chinese communists is not found in the. 20,000-word Central Committee letter which appeared in Pravda July 15. Moscow now is making unrestrained attacks on the Peking government. The expectation is that this will continue. The Kremlin also is expected to begin purging Communist leaders who in the past have argued for caution in dealing with the Chinese to promote unity. The Soviet Central Committee says it will wage "implacable struggle against deviationists." THIS IS NOT taken to mean there will be actual war between Russia and Red China. The conflict will be waged on 'v?ological levels. In the future it will become increasingly difficult for the Communist party of any country to remain neutral between Moscow and Peking points of view. Splits within some of the national Communist parties thus become a possibility. This would dim the prospect in the immediate future for - another Congress of Communist parties from all over the world to resolve their differences. The effects of a further split between Russia and Red China on relations with the West and with the United States in particular can only be speculated upon. President Kennedy has just laid down the line that the U.S. should not talk about something over which it has no control. The new Central • Committee statement seems to make conciliatory gestures to the West. This could be motivated only to refute Red China policy. It Hardly Becomes Any of Us "The British, for all their reserve, are the champion mischief-makers of Europe." — Harry Golden. Hidden away in Harry Golden's "You're Entitle,'" a book published over a year ago, is a perceptive assessment of British morality which predates the current scandals. Giving lie'to the canard that the French are a particularly immoral people, Golden, in an essay entitled "The Universal Foreign Policy," says, "The English have poorer morals. For years the English have permitted the myth of French immorality to persist while it is they themselves who have been getting away with murder." And again, commenting on Richard Lloyd George's account of his late father's .18 mistresses, Golden writes: "But is this all Rich­ ard Lloyd George, a man of seventy, can remember about his father . . , Surely it wasn't the 18 adulteries which led the British to build an 18-foot statue of him at Cardiff. And how is Richard Lloyd George so sure 18 is the right number?" Golden gets a plus and a minus on his observations. He saw the moral flaw in the British social scene before the recent explosion made it a cause celebre. But he allowed himself to fall into the same fault of which he accuses the British with regard to blanket characterizing of a nation as one of either immorality or morality. The humdrum fact is that any large collection of human beings, be it a nation, a race, a denomination, or a trade, will usually „have in it both moral and immoral individuals, along with all the other diversifications which mankind includes. QUOTES FROM THE DAY'S NEWS (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By United Press International NEW YORK—The Rev. Milton Galamison, at a rally of civil rights demonstrators: "I was told it was to be a small turnout tonight because of the (Liston-Patterson) fight. But 1 see that you all realize that this is the championship fight." Democratic party—did not raise a voice against the action of the Democratic governors. He has enough cabinet members here to have made his views known if he had chosen to do so." "We sincerely want disarmament—it is not an expedient," says the Central Committee. Then the policy is qualified by the statement that the Soviet Union will continue to use, organized agitation and propa- gada to whittle down western demands. IN ANOTHER PLACE the Central Committee statement de-' clares that the Soviet Union will not be the first to use nuclear weapons. This is a change from recent Soviet policy, even though the United States has. previously proposed a ban on nuclear weapons except in defense of aggression. The Central Committee does not say, however, that the Soviet will not use nuclear weapons against a conventional weapons attack and will not use them in a local war which becomes escalated into a major war. On Cuba, the Central'Commit­ tee declares that, "If the U.S. imperialists . .< . invade Cuba,* we shall come to the assistance of the Cuban people." Chairman Nikita Khrushchev again is quoted as having ex­ pressed the party line with the statement, ''There will be liberation wars as long as imperialism exists, so' long as colonialism exists . ... Therefore.it is only through struggle, including armed struggle, that the peoples can win freedom." The Central Committee statement then boasts that the Soviet Union is now giving the broadest support to the nationalist Hberaa- tion movements in' Vietnam, Egypt, Iraq, Algeria, Yemen and Cuba. This is obviously inserted to overcome Peking's charges against Moscow's softness. It restates past communist policy which Red China endorsed less than three years ago. So basically, nothing is changed. CJalesburflf lfcgfster-Mafl OffiM 140 South Pralrt* Strtwt * ' Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER fleglster-Mail Exchange 342-MBV Entered is Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under &ct of Congress of Mnrrh 3. 1870. Dally except Sunday, . Ethel Custer Schmith -Publisher Charles Morrow .... ..—-Editor and General Manager. M. H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H, H. Clay . Managing Editor SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week National By RFD irtail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year $10.00 3 Months fSJO 6. Months $ 6.00 1 Month 11.25 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier In retail trading son* outside Cityoi Galesburg. 1 week 30c Advertising tive: Ward-Griffith Cc _ aepresenta- Jompany Incor- u, ii=w Vork, Chicago, De- Boston, Atlanta, San Fran- Philadelphia, porated. New troit, Boston, nuw Cisco. Los Angeles. Charlotte From p» B *. The rd81. MIAMI BEACH - New York Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller, attacking President Kennedy for not providing civil rights leadership at the National Governors' Conference: "It is incredible to me that the President—the leader of the LOS ANGELES—Actress Claire Kelly, explaining why she wanted a divorce from Robert Kenaston: "He wouldn't let me work." So is he who lays up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God. — Luke 12:31. * * * In this world, it is not what we take up, but what we give up, that makes us rich. — Henry Ward Beecher. * MEMFER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEH ASSOCIATED PRESS " The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed In tha newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missour) and by motor rout* to retail trading zona. 1 Vear $13.00 3 Months 13.78 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month 11.38 By mall outside Illinois. Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months §5,00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month fc.OO Crossword Puzzzle Nourishment THE ALMANAC The Home Front A private public opinion poll of 14 people of assorted ages, occupations, philosophies, wealth and interests was conducted the other day by a *J intrepid researcher. The results were at least interesting, and perhaps colossally significant. This poll was different from other polls iff that no questions were asked. Instead, the faster just snooped and listened to what the subjects said. TWs was 90, a day wheo the Chinese Beds and the Russian Reds were pfffting at each other good and hard. A bad drought was playing havoc with the crops. The nuclear test ban deal was getting hot. Four brand new national crises were thriving. And what were these 14 people talking about? The all-star baseball game and the fact that a baby bongo had arrived at the local zoo! Maybe we're going to survive after all! By United Press International Today is Tuesday July 23, the 204th day of 1963 with 161 to follow, The moon is approaching its first quarter, The morning stars are Jupiter and Saturn. The evening star is Mars. Oh this day in history: In 1886, New York saloon keeper Steve Brodie claimed he had jumped off the Brooklyn Bridge into the East River. In 1945, Henry Phillippe Pe- tain, former French Chief of State, went on trial for treason in Paris. In 1947, President Harry S. Truman made an unexpected visit to the Senate and sat in the seat he had occupied as a senator. In 1961, a U.S. plane with 38 persons aboard was highjacked to Cuba. A thought for the day—President Franklin D. Roosevelt said: "The truth is found \vhen men are free to pursue it." ACROSS 1 1 Chicken —— • 4 Soft-shelled l 8 Green vegetables fJ2 Fourth Arabian caliph 113 Harness part 14 Singing voice 15 Stripling's nickname. 16 Howling 18 Hires 20 Harvests 3 Nonalcoholic beverage 4 Gaffs • fisht through ice 5 Chest rattle 6 Entertainer 7 Babylonian deity 8 Communion plate 9 Pseudonym of Charles Lamb 10 Preposition 11 Scions 17 Smells 19 About c U A" 1 5 T o R T n p R A M C o A c H E N E T A S E i_ S T O R K 8 S <3 T L. o T P I T A S,P M B R E A D [3 O U c t_ 1 A R D T A A G R E e A ra B A N A M M E D R 1 m 6 , e R 1 5 15 T P N D M A N Z H U K o v P A, N A P A z O N X T I 6 R A H e e A B A T S (var.) 28 Tardy 29 Stream in Belgium REMINISCING of Bygone Times The razor, used for shaving since earliest times, was not really much changed until the 19th century. Then the process of hollowing the sides of the blade by grinding gave it more flexibility, facilitated sharpening and improved the cutting edge. FIFTY YEARS AGO Wednesday, July 23, 1913 Work began at Highland Park on diving platforms to be used as starting points for swimrning races scheduled for July 30. Mr. and Mrs. Eric Cederoth of 996 Willard St., entertawed a number of their friends at a dinner party. TWENTY YEARS AGO Friday, July 23, 1943 The Plaza Theater, formerly called the Auditorium, was sold at public auction in the Knox County courthouse. Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy were starring in the motion picture "Air Raid Wardens," featured at the West Jhe^ter. 21 Abstract being 03 cS « , • 22 Famous British £? T pt v? r J 1 , „ Belgium school ^^ >OTbard ?„ la } ce 31 Expansive 24 Apple center i SniiSi^ Vtah 52 Absolute 26 Ancient country 86/B ^ ,ng .• v 3 5 " el P 27 Crafty * (Roman antiq.) 40 Tree gnarls 30 Citrus fruit 32 Lithuanian city 34 Dissolved 35 Landed property 86 Abstract entity (comb, form) 37 Approach 39 Row 40 Osculate 41 Masculine nickname 42 Amphitheater 45 Keener 49 Withdrawal 51 Bustle 52 European stream 63 Small island 54 Taxi 55 Small tumors 56 Female saiuta (ab.) 57 Printer's measures DOWN 1 To ship 2,£aUuLs;a5tiC hairs (pi.) 42 In a line 43 Interpret 44 Level 46 Pit 47 Type of.chees* 48 Steals 50 Sibling of "bu4"| \4

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