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The Indianapolis Star from Indianapolis, Indiana • Page 6

The Indianapolis Star from Indianapolis, Indiana • Page 6

Indianapolis, Indiana
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INDIANAPOLIS STAR 1821 Jttftlinapolls Journal Founded 1828 Star Founded 1903 BUILDING. INDIANAPOLIS, NEW YORK STS, TELEPHONES. Phone, 4000 Private Exchange. Con nectlng All Deoartmenti. ...621 Brunswick Building Office.

People's Gs Building Vfcttrtd MI Becond-clana at the postofflco at Indianapolis, Ind. TEEMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. and Sunday, by mall, one 60 and Sunday, by mall, six months. 3 90 by mall, one year, 00 Sunday, by mail, one year. 2 6 0 Sunday, by mall, six 1.25 BT CARRIER.

Daily, days 10 cents UftiJy and Sunday, one week 15 cents month 45 Dally and Sunday, one month 6 cents Pertons unable to obtain copies of The Star on news stands, trains or elsewhere In places whftra It la usually found for sale, will confer a favor by notifying this office to that effect The average net sworn circulation of THE STAR for the month of February DAILY, 72,094 SUNDAY, 74,520 MONDAY, MARCH 6, 1911. Benefits of an Extra Session. The Star must plead to a chronic craving fcor sight ot a new Congress In special session at the outset of its technical existence. The life of each recurring Congress begins on March 4, and Jt at least gratifies a pardonable curiosity if it is promptly by the President foi some special purpose, The fact that i President since Benjamin Han ison Jms utilized this power may be interpreted, as betokening a hardening of the precedent Though Mr. Taft is neither a rash nor a spectacular executive, It may be significant that he has om ened both Congresses coincident Ins teim, Things that need doing at all very often need doing at once, unless there la some grave objection to such action Jt might even be maintained that th time consumed ironing out the wrin 41 kles in a new organization and gettln, the machinery working smoothy is no wasted, but fepent.

Much prelim work that would have to be don winter will now be disposed of. The fact is that the long gap betwee: the election of a Congress and iU as semblage more than a year later, deslr able under the transportation faciiitie of the eighteenth century, has points Inconvenience today, The nox March is not too soon for a man electee fn November to assume his duties; anc THE INDIANAPOLIS STAR, MONDAY, MARCH 19ft. amount not exceeding $500 ana incorporated towns to not more than $300. The Increase, like the change of the unit, must be made within thirty days from tho time the law takes effect In Indianapolis it would be done by Die City Council, and the matter is one, therefore, that should be immediate attention by that bud. If the commissioners and City Council can any means be brought to act In harmony, both i the best interests of the city In mind, an excellent oppor- i is afforded for lessening the number of saloons without irreatb decreasing the enue to be doi ed fi om them.

Five hundred saloons, under the 500 population limit, at $JOO, bring an an- ue of 3150,000. $500 amount to $123,000, The difference $25,000, but the question pic- sentert the interests of the city not be best seived bj reducing the saloons to one-third of the number now In at a loss of a portion of income situation puts a heavy responsibility on the ouymssloncis and the Council and one lhe can not evade. week was burdened with more or less uncertainty, due to the proposed calling of an extra session of Congress by the President. The wildest kind of tariff talk pervaded Wall street and, interior markets and shattered certain lines of investment. At tha close of the week, however, when there was no longer any doubt about the extra session, tiadera became more reconciled and as is always true when uncertainty of an impending adjusted, business established its going on a firmer undertone.

Then, too, the markets been assailrd by rumors of the approaching decisions in the trust cases. Vnless these decisions are a revolutionary to general business Intel eU, there will be no permanent injury Inflicted. But On a Neighbor in Trouble. The merits of Senate bill No 103 ma be eonceheil on about this wise. Tha while the enforcement of our statutor requirements for dopestic corporation should be pnforced also upon foreign cor porations by a now law if not enforce able undei already existing statutes, th attempt to enforce upon them also ever oppressive and prohibitive statute whic may be operative in their own state would certainly smack of injustice, a well as illibeiality.

We do not want destroy corporations, foreign or domes tic. We want them to do business an to do business honestly. Our people not trade with corpoiatlons, domestic foreign, unless it is to -their advantag to do so. Destruction of trade is harm fnl to the man who wants to buy as we) as to the man who wants to The merits of this bill, however, hav been put forward by Its propo nents, Their operations have been con fined to excited entreaties as to wha was tho matter i It, and coarse ef forts to compel its enactment throug personal abuse. These efforts hav failed, as they ought Men may be per suaded, they dislike to bo coerced, peclally do they resent, if they are me of honesty and self-respect, any attemp to compel their blind acceptance of measure by aspersions on their charac ter and" veiled threats of continued per secution, Nor is anything more impor tant In popular government than th freedom of lawmakers and courts to ac without pressure from agencies as power ful as a dictatorial press It may be said In all kindness tha the Indianapolis News is Its own wora enemy.

Efficient and successful as any opinion as to what these forthcoming decisions may be is sheer guesswork, and Wall street is indulging less freel in these forecasts since speculators wei trimmed In the late bulge before rate opinion was handed The market the country over has had a slow week, for the reason that it the logical time for security buying to halt. The grain pits participated in the unrest ine'dehk to the closing of Congress, especially in the matter of Canadian reciprocity. This question has retarded business for month past, and the earlier it Is adjusted earlier tJusinefs in the world's grain markets will become normal. The situation is somewhat Improved in that giain dealers are actively engaged in getting ready for the new issue. It is a month yet until Congress assembles again, and ii the interim the American grain merchant can accomplish a great deal in shaping affairs to fit free trade conditions, There "was no shortage of actual money in either the grain or security market, but there was a restiicted trade because of the uncertainty as to affairs down at Washington.

Notwithstanding these barriers, the volume of genet al trading is up to that of one year ago. Could it be possible, merely for illustration, that the "certain people" who "came to the conclusion" that Senate bill No, 105 must be rammed down the throats of legislators, are the same "certain people" whose real estate ventures in or near Indiana Harbor or other neighboring localities outside of Gary are interfered with by real estate activities at Gary? In such a circumstance, "certain people" would probably "come to the conclusion" that Senate bill No. 105 could be utilized to Injure Gary and help Indiana Harbor. Companies at Gary might be prevented from operations as being not within their corporate powers; titles might be attacked and liquidation enforced. Then "certain people" might "come to the conclusion" that the Indiana legislature had been cleverly used to pull chestnuts out of the fire.

SONG AND SENTIMENT. SNOWING. Feathering the i Drifting. Piling downy pillows On the mountain ledges, Bordering the streamlet Where the sedges ahher, Wafting on a Ureamlet To drowsy i WeaUnff 1 of cimlne Foi tho pciished roses, Soft couch of meiman, When tfie deep reposes, Speaking in a whisper M8tical and olden, fcilvor throated a language golden, Senator Durre of KvansvWe was called Smoothing out the In the cemetery, Laughing i tinkles Of the bells are to the long distance telephone just before the session adjourned Saturday night and responded to a very urgent request I from ond of his Vanderburg County constituents. "Is that you, Ed?" "Yes "Well, haa the Governor signed the new liquor bill yett" "I don't believe he has, but I am pretty uure he will sign It.

What difference does that to you anyhoTv?" "I just wanted to find out If I could j'koep open until 12 o'clock tonight; that's if he kept open uptil 12 o'clock I he did not violate the law, for the Gov- Dancing like a rairv, Vanishing, returning, Till the spirits airy the woods a-yearntng; --L Weeks, In the Century, If our evening neighbor would frankly announce the names of those "certain people" who "came to the conclusion" abou -Senate -bill No--105, a might be waived as to whether Mr. Delavan Smith is the "proprietor" or simply "one of the owners" of that chastened publication, as well as the further question whether Mr. Smjth's real estate hold- Ings are "'in Gary" or elsewhere in Lake County. It is doubtless owing to the Inexperience of the News In the making of explanations that its black-faced plea "not guilty" Is made so nairow and inconclusive, for "in Gary" seems not nearly as broad and convincing as "does not now and never owned any real estate in Lalte County," Something like this would tend to clear up the "mystery." Out of the wreck of the Sixty-first Congress Mr. Taft gathers a few grains of comfort.

He Is especially pleased that the fortification of the Panama Canal -was provided for and he is said to consider the judiciary codification bill one of the most important additions to the legal procedure of country passed In the last half Why Not the Old Ticket? Washington Star. Mr, Bryan kept his appointment at Louisville the other day, delivered his lecture, and met members of the "old guard." He enjoyed his visit. An effort had beon made to have John Kern run down from Indianapolis and join in the greeting, but it failed. Mr Kern had a previous engagement at home. But ho will soon be in Lincoln, and will confer with Mr.

Bryan there. Is anybody, anywhere, in favor of re- nominating the old ticket? Mr. Kern has grown politically since 1908 At that time he had never won a race, although he had several times been a candidate for office, and at Denver he would not have been considered for the vice presidency except that the nomlnatlor was going begging. Democrats who hac demonstrated strength before the people, would not permit the use of their names. That year, however, the tide turned Indiana, Although the state voted against Bryan and Kern, It chose a Democratic Governor and Democratic Legislature, and last year repeated the performance in the matter of Legislature.

And this second Legislature, under instructions from the people, elected Mr. United States senator. So that the man who represented only defeat three years ago, today represents success in a state which at one time waa as Important as New York in all Democratic presidential calculations. Mr, Bryan may be accredited with some of Mr. Kern's success It was the Denver nomination which renewed Mr.

Kern's political life at But for that he might not have been powerful -enough to win the senatorship. As a friend of Mr the man who had been associated with him on the latest Democratic national ticket, he had claims consideration when the senatorial prize was hung up which helped him to secure it. Mr. Kern is not reckoned among the presidential quantities. Governor Marshall of the same state is, and a smal Marshall bo'om exists.

But he would answer better now than in 1908 as a vice presidential candidate, and as there is talk of Mr. Bryan for another race, why not also of Mr. Kern? Why not the old ticket? The only thing that makes a difference politically between the two men is thtir attitude toward the Hquqr traffic In Nebraska Mr. Bryan fights the traffic in all forms in which It shows itself in politics. In Indiana Mr.

Kern must accept the traffic company and assistance. The brewers-of the Booster state Thomas F. Colbert, custodian of the State House fcfcd known among the members of the Legislature as "the man who looks after things," is ready to testify that being a custodian of a big state building is no mere play. "I don't believe I ever worked so haVd as I have this the custodian sighed when talking to a friend he used to have the entire lice force of the city of Indianapolis on his hands, too, Representatix-e Frank Galbralth, Representative and Mrs. John B.

Faulknor of Michigan City, Mr and Mrs, Edward Simon of Hammond and others were entertained Sunday by Representative and Mrs. Harry Strickland Greenfield. -r -r Fred Johnson, one of the men soliciting funds for the new home for the Indiana Democratic Club, Is finding his work an "up-hill" job, "This thing reminds me," said Mr. Johnson yesterday, PARENTS MIST SIAK IUME FOR FAULTS IN HAWING To The Indianapolis star; There is a peculiar significance in the fact that the copy of The Star which contains your excellent editorial on "An Indictment of Our also announces that the "Reno fight- pictures will be shown In Indianapolis" because there Is no city or state law for regulating moving picture shows. The assertion of Dr.

Prltchett, president of the Carnegie Foundation, supported by the testimony of the Oxford tutors Jf the Rhodes the students comltig from American schools lack careful preparation and thorough training and are superficial and "of the story of the tramps. One of the tramps suggested to the other that if they just had a ham they could eat ham and eggs. The other asked him how he figured it out? 'Why, 1 said the first tramp, 'if we had a ham we could have ham and eggs-- that is, if we had the "Now we have had promised $55,000 for the home," continued Mr. Johnson, "and if we had the remaining $15,000 we would have enough money." -r- It is told of Joseph G. Plerson, former representative, now claim agent for the Terre Haute, Indianapolis Eastern Traction Company, that he went recently to make a settlement with a faimei whose cow had been killed by a traction car.

"Now," Pierson is reported to have said to the fanner, who, by the way, was a Swede, "our car killed your cow, but your cow on our right-of-way, Your cow was trespassing and under the law is the same as if you had trespassed. We want to do the square thing by you, but what are you going to do?" "Veil," sighed the farmer, 'Tve alwah's been a poor man, but I'll gif you tin dollars ef that vill square It." Immediately after Speaker Veneman was presented with hia diamond ring by the members of the House Saturday he restless, with Buttle concentre tlon, a serious charge. It Is all the more serious because it can not be denied, No one knows better than the teachers of our schools that the pupils are not as thorough aa they should be; that they are inaccurate and have very little power of concentration, that they do not adjust themselves readify to the grind necessary to the mastery of a subject. And no Jne is working harder or more conscientiously to overcome this defect than are these same teachers. But does the fault lift entirely with the schools? Have the home life and the civic environment nothing to do with the nature and habits of the children? Children are allowed to go unattended all over the city, to witness all sorts of sights, shows and conditions; to see moving pictures of and brawls, ot drunkenness, debauchery and crime.

Parents assert their inability to control children; even in the presence of a child npt more than 8 or 10 years bid, a parent will tell ttfe teacher, "I can't do anything with him; mind anything I say," Certainly these things help mold the mind and character of the child, If a teacher attempts to require enough earnest study from a pupil to develop his powers so he will be able to, attack a problem and master it, he complains at home until his parents Insist upon the teacher helping him, or, failing In that, hire a tutor to do the -work tot him. Can teachers train piifrfls to be self-reliant and study things out for themselves with only such suggestions as will guide their thoughts into the right channels, so long as parents demand that they shall be helped; that they be Interested and entertained? The parent's pleads: "My son is so young" when probably that son is almost the oldest in hia grade. They say "My daughter, is so nervous, she is not able to work hard." The society columns port the social activities of that family; but, of course, these excitements have nothing to do with the nervous condition of the daughter. Mothers say, "I can't get my son to study. He goes out every evening.

I can't keep him at home "I know my daughter stays out of school sometimes to go to the theater or to go down street. I tell her that she. ought to be satisfied with going on Saturday; but I am she must VttWSWTKFimt Lttttry to Tht flur ahould be written on of only to accompanied by tt name and addrett of the writer. The Star not to be understood Indonlnc the or itatemenU of Let- ttrt, thould be made brief aa pom- tie, who wlih their returned when not wed ihouid poitafe. A PROGRESSIVE FARMER.

To Indianapolis SUr: It seems as though J. M. Hershey of Carmel, cither does not know tht of our byroads or the roads in other states or he Is one of the many ne yi me XXOUDC "TMi VI-. it on one of his fingers and again not go when she wants to, for fear ook.the. a friend that his feelings too! to his desk.

he said, Such statements as these are made by aiu parents with surprising frequency. And only be "Well," said 'the speaker, "I feel Just students as I did first time I wore a pair of gate.theirJ^lWren, tan shoes, I felt then that everybody was looking at those shoes and my feet seeriled to be about long." -r -r -T- This is told of Senator Trautmann and Senator Gers: They were en route to the State House the other day. Senatoi Geis Is slightly near-sighted, It is said, and aa the twct statesmen passed the Traction 'Terminal Station he into a window, He. plucked Trautmann by the coat sleeve. "Senator," he said, "I believe one of those ladies bowed to Trautmami, alway polite, bowed, it is said, and went on, unaware that he had greeted a dummy woman placed in the window of one of the rooms to demonstrate a new washing machine.

The "woman" to whom Trautmann bowed hia good graces rockasa baby and does the washing at the same time, the whole out fit being operated by machinery. R. Richard Schaaf, Republican chair man In Lake County, and widely known as "The man who knows how to handle the foreign vote," Is the guest of Representative Van Home of Lake County. 4- -T- Harry Archey, a local automobile man, took several members pf the Legislature for a ride early yesterday afternoon anc demonstrated what the word "speed" means. Representative Bi anaman lost his hat and didn't discover the loss until the machine had gone nearly a mile past the spot.

Then Representative Van Home was forced to walk back to get it Charles J. McCulIough, principal clerk oi the House, took off his hat to save it. He has only three hairs left. The party passed two milk wagons, and Representative Thornton remarked that they were en route to Elkhart, a dry" town. This iflt of in too many American children train their parents.

In all countries but America, children are kept in the background and shielded fron the things that will distract their minds aijd excite their nerves. In America they lead the van. From babyhood they breathe the air of hurry, rush, excitement. This atmosphere Is good for some things, as the wonderful the healthy de people that want to work out their road taxes so they may take a rest during that time. Or Is he like some others, who won't work out their taxes when the conditions are such that they can do nothing else and think any old time ia good enough to Ttill time on the road for road tax? Maybe he Is a railroad Stockholder Or a road tax contractor, as they are the only ones benefited by the present laws.

The gentleman from Carmel says "There is not one farmer in a thousand but wants to work out his road tax." is all according to what class of farmers he has reference to. If the farmers are" wide awake and up to date they will gladly pay what little taxes they have to pay in order to get the larger amount from the railroad companies, which is now fattening the contractor. But if he has reference to the laggards, who do not care for advancement and do any pride in their roads or their farms, I am ready to say aye but if the former I must vote "np." W. J. H.

Huntlngburg, Ind, PEOPLE LOSING CONFIDENCE. To The Indianapolis Star: Less than a year ago Governor Marshall Jiad the respect and confidence of the people of Indiana, of party. But the sentiment of the changed. The better class of own party has lost a great deal of confidence in him since he and the leaders of the party have bowed their heads to the brewers' god and suffered his yoke to be put upon them. Why can not a man haVe the moral courage to do what his.

conscience tells him is right? Why be a slave to the liquor interests, when He" know? that the liquor traffic Is dragging thousands of men down to degradation? Again, -the Governor, egotistical, and being clothed with a little authority, evolved the mistaken idea that he Is abld to draft a new constitution for the state of Indiana, unaided py any one, and that the people of the state will think it the very thing because he said so. The Governor is a receptive and a candidate for President next year. If should be elected, who knows but that he may In his wisdom, some morning after breakfast, without consulting, any one, unfold to the members of Congress a new States constitution, and should both branches of the Congress be Democratic have a caucus of the party called and push his constitution through Congress. But his excellency must not forget that later the people will have a voice In the. matter.

W. H. BEAUCHAMP. Hortonville, Ind. WIDOWS AND SUFFRAGE, To The Indianapolis Star: It was with much regret that I read in Tuesday's Star of the defeat in the House of the bill granting municipal suf- ftage to the women of Indiana.

This that the campaign for his own re-election is forced upon a member in. a few -months after he has takert- his seat an before his constituents have had time tc Of his quality. A Grave Offense of Congress. The constitution of the United State ttqufces a of congres sional representation every ten years subsequent to the Federal enumeration and while the fourteenth amendmen makes some changes in the details the procedure, no one would seriously irialntaln that the constitutional man date for this reapportionment Is nullified It Is inorally reinforced, moreover, by the fight people to their proportiona 11 representation, not only In Congiess, bu ifc the electoral college, The Congress of the United States hai deliberately violated statutory and moral obligation, for no higher reason the partisan plea of certain York Jtepublica when It leaves the legitimate province newspaper making for the role of polil ical manipulation and high-handed rule A newspaper's attitude on public ques tlons should be determined by their own intrinsic merits, not by the part the; play in some game of politics, of per sonal aggrandizement or of vengeful hoa tillty. du ak-fo of the constitution and the laws unti can recover the penalty they them incurred last fall, when for rea discreditable in themselves and potential of no beneficial icsult what they delivered their state govern- nient, tna.ny seats In Congress and a sea Itt thfe Uhited States Senate over to the Democrats.

It Is an immoral and a dan- gerous precedent. reapportionment to be made under the census of 1910 confers a marked upon the Republican party the House of Representatives is now and the Senate is in the Way of becoming so, for nine states thai choose successors to Republican sena- in 1913 went Demociatic in 1910. I Where Was the Joke? They have their little jokes in Congress but sometimes the humor verges so close ly on solemn truth that the difference is not always clear. An Item in the nava appropriation as it came over to the Sen ato from the House provided that in tin purchase of steel armor the Navy Department should not pay the steel manufacturers a price that would yield a a profi to the manufacturers of more than IOC per cent. This provision Senator Pen rose of Pennsylvania, the home of stee armor, moved to strike out.

"I am in- he paid--ponderously, are both rk-h and on having a voice In state affairs. And Mr Kern, copying the other Democratic leaders, prefers their favor to their opposition, Still, as beer is not thicker than blood, Mr, Bryan and Mr. Kern, being blood kin politically, should not let a schooner divide them. Bryan Not for Harmon. The Commoner.

The papers which are friendly to different candidates seem disposed to misconstrue the comments which the Commoner has made upon the different Democrats whose names have been suggested In connection with the presidential nomination. For example, some weeks ago four names were mentioned, and questions which been asked concerning them were answered. Some of the Eastern papers at once reported that Mr. Bryan had declared the four gentlemen named to be available candidates. More recently the Commoner has referied to different public men in connection with their official In the last issue an extended quotation was made from an Ohio paper In legard to Governor Harmon's attitude on the Oregon plan It might be ah understood now as later that commendation of particular- acts not favorable to the healthy development nZaT at.

tils for thi often referred to among members of the Legislature as "Bobby-de-Proc." Representative Grieger lost his patience during the ride and Senator Proctor broke his ''eleven" commandments. The machine sunived the strain, Foy, chief engrossing clerk of the State Senate, in being a professional ball pla-yei, Is a ventriloquist. Recently Foy accompanied Senator Proctor to Shelbyville, where the senator was scheduled to speak. En route from 3helbyvllle to Indianapolis people In the car ere startled by a shout, "Let me coming apparently from under one of the seats. The shouts continued and the car soon loaded up a big package of excitement.

The conductor investigated, but could find no one imprisoned. "Billy" Fox, district deputy of the Knights of Columbus, was on the car. Soon some one was calling "Mr. Fox," Fox was startled, but could not tell from whence of the child, and does not aid me growth that makes the student. There are also many things peculiar to American cities and towns tend to distract and excite children, Many of the pictuies and advertisements displayed upon our billboards would not be permitted in any city of the old world.

Old world! Ah, there's the rub! "We are young! Our city governments are still in a crude state; they have not yet reached the degree of perfection attained by cities many centuries old. This explains why we have no laws regulating the moving picture shows. But let us take heart! A bill for this purpose has been under the consideration of our City Council ever since last July, and perhaps In time we shall have a law. Tfae- schools are not disposed to shirk their responsibility in this matter, and the Federation of Teachers already has a committee at work trying to get the City Council to pass a bill restricting the nickel theaters. "5- A German describing his visit to the Centennial "I vant to see every- ting, and go so fast so fast as why I go shuSt like an American," This describes our American life-- hurry, bustle, confusion in the business world; political wrangling and excitement In the civic world; social strife in the domestic oriel The children aro bred and born women of this town, because of the large proportion of widows in its population.

Possibly the fact that it-is it to be so very unhealthy for males. a widow, I own and occupy a corner where the owners and occupants of the two opposite corners are also widows. The corner Is the property of a young girl, a minc-r, whose mother is a widow, all persons of means. This may be an exceptional case, but in addition to these mentioned there 1 can be seen from my door the homes of three other widows. On Broadway, within the space of two blocks, are the residences of five wealthy Probably there is "hot a residence square in the place without one or more widows' homes.

The only participation permitted these In municipal affairs is that of taxpaying. The tax rate is over 3 per cent, an amount always acknowledged to be burdensome, and this Is now threatened with an increase through air enterprise that will enrich a few persons and oppress the remainder of the taxpayers for many years. In New York, Michigan and the equal suffrage states women owning property vote upon such questions. Here, men who have no financial terest responsibility, men who have their poll tax paid for them, help to Impose these burdens upon us helpless women. In my precinct last November the first man to be voted was a well-known TlnnaturallzedJRoumanlana.

of tmbers, who 33 put In by some humorist in the House in a spirit of facetlousness. It Is improperly there and should be stricken out." Senator Owen of Oklahoma, however, showed a desire to discuss the point He said the leference to 100 per dent appeared In two places In the bill and did not strike him aa being- humorous, On the contrary, seemed to him to sanction 100 per cent profit, and the elimination of that limit, without the insertion of some limit, would leave the way open to indefinite prices, notwithstanding the fact that the bill stipulated elsewhere that only a reasonable price should be paid for steel. The removal of the limit, he declared, would leave the way open If the Grube referendum 1111 sliouM come a law, certain people may have 'come to the conclusion" that a certain newspaper might be called on to approve every franchise asked of this city, and to dictate the official action taken in the matter by the mayor, Board of Works and Common Council. By what number would these constitutional amendments have to be reduced or increased to make of them what they are i series of amendments, or what Governor Marshall says they are--a new constitution? in- tuat 'th-fr par ties are available as presidential candidates or that their nomination would be The Commoner Is not attempt- Ing to select a candidate for the presidency, and Mr Bryan is not prepaied to express an opinion yet as to which one of the many gentlemen named would be the most available, but that the Commoner may be free to commend such acts of Governor Harmon's administration as seem worthy of commendation, it is stated now for the benefit of the readers that the Commoner does not consider Harmon as an man for the Democratic nomination fqr reasons that will be given when the discussion of the subject seems proper. The population limit on saloons does not at once apply to 'Indianapolis, but perhaps raising license may pro-se a remedy almost as good In reducing the undesirable surplus.

CONTRIBUTED VERSE. tin OUR MONUMENT. (Suggested by Prof Stryker'a address) To sailor and her soldier boys, Who died that Liberty i live; against the government, and he could not believe that the senator from Pennsylvania would wish that. The senator from Pennsylvania coldly returned that he knew nothing about any conspiracy. He also expressed his con that the senator from Oklahoma lacked a sense of huriior, and, the motion then being put by the chair, the provision In all, when you consider the Steel Trust, where was the joke--In making a limit of 100 per cent, or In not making any except the elastic one of Thc-Dcmocratic-party of-Indiuna-ihmks- that the people can be trusted to elect United States senators, but not to elect men to frame a new constitution.

It is dishonest. tn and reared in this atmosphere. The schools are trying to fit these children for the responsibilities Qf life. But, true to the American spirit, they are expected to do the most possible in the shortest space of time. To accomplish this, everything must be made interesting for the child; and he skims from one subject to another loo rapidly to digest what he gets or to dig for more.

Our English cousins say we feed him predigfested food. There is much truth In this, but it Is due to the spirit of tire times--in America. The American child has little to develop In him a sense of responsibility or the power of resistance to enable him to overcome difficulties. He has no home duties. Everything Is done for him there.

He roveft at will, seeing all there is to see, hearing all there is to hear, mingling In all kinds of exciting crowds, With his mind and character in the state induced by these influences, he goes to school; and the good people wonder why he does not become a student, a deep thinker, a scholar. He may acquire much valuable know ledge and become a good, brpajlU winded and treats scholars are not made in this way. The schools are making every effort to do the best for the children and are constantly seeking to improve their methods; but the home and the city must also assume thuir shares of the responsibility if our children are to have the highest type of mental, moral and physical are to acquire powers of deep thought and reasoning of accuracy and thoroughness of concentration and self-reliance. AMELIA WARING BLATTER. Chairman of the press committee of the Federation of Teachers.

whom we have large numbers, who can not speak the language and, according to our American standards, are semi-civilized, were also voted. But to property holding American women, forty-eight or our representatives say no; all honor and gratitude to the forty-one who generously said yes. I am descended from three lines of revolutionary ancestors; I was reared on patriotism; I was taught that this is paf excellence "the land of the free," but, in fact, the tax-paying women of Sweden have had for 100 years the right denied to Indiana women by forty-eight members of the House last A HOOSIER WIDOW. Vlncennes, Ind. SCHOOL REFORM URGED.

To The Iftdianapolis Star: Believing the members of the "Woman's School Lreague (Indianapolis) to be working for the same result as myself, namely, the greatest good to the greatest them, in line tvith this Re- ppfolldah precedent, from declining to pass Ji act? What is to pre- vfcfit the present Democratic House from refusing to pass an apportionment bll IA the present Congress? Application of New Liquor Law. It Is hot necessary now to discuss the merits MfrtlOtt law. The important thing is that it the law, and that thought must be liven to Us application and enforcement One of the Important provisions 'relates the limitation of Dumber of sa Making it for those near prophets who saw so clearly that the brewers never meant to pass the Proctor restrictive measure. to tvhich licenses may be Issued law specifies that there shall not be than one for each 500 inhabitants rf city or township, but grants per- ainUtlon to the Board of Commissioners any county further to Jimit the num- to not less than one for each 1 000 habitants. This change must be made, Itt all, at the first session of the board the law takes effect, and it is htfhly Important that commissioners the state shall take the subject Once under consideration so that they act advisedly and in time.

No saloons now In opciation arc to be ftft out of business under this law as their licenses expire and they Jr be In excess oMhe number permitted the law. Indianapolis has now 730 or thereabouts, the limU IB fixed in.the law and estimating the Jatlon In found numbers at 230,000, iai reduction to 500 be brought Should the Board of Commls- drcide on a unit of the 4f in time be re.dueu] to 250. taw might then be regarded as restrictive. license fee Is fixed at $300 in cities flnt and setond Huss, $200 fciilcB and $150 In' incorporated fcui It is provided that any city fchll power to the class cHica to au 1 Money, Markets and Trade. In an uncertain like that through the country is passing at this time, there no better guide of the general rend of business than the reflection from lion and -steel matkets.

The brought forth no decline in orders from ailroads in spite of the late rate decision, which Tvas first accepted as a forerunner )f a sharp setback in particular line. Not a single railroad has canceled an order, and almost without exception the iteel and iron plants brought into use additional furnaces in order lo more fully with the demand for material. The ear that the Harriman lines would abandon the double track project from he middle West to the Pacific seaboard las been dispelled In an official statement from Judge in which he sajs that regaulless of the famous lerision, or vhat may jet be done by the Supreme Court r.f tho Vnited States with eforence to the anti-trust litigations, the mprovcment will bP cairled out as lately oheduled. The steel plants that ad the laihoads beon allowed to advance heir rntrs the of practically 11 roads as well as the steel coiporations Instantlj launched a or more which might have entailed months of hostility between laborer Cannon wants to be the Republican eader-agaln. That-old man's make the whole government Democratic a perfect passion.

Nor was Senator Fleming four-Hushing any wise when he announced th.U no option repeal a regulative act. Tneir land could not to alTlfnen Tlvi- TcT her immortals, ho for man Hia mightiest forward drhe of time Made BO serving great plan To make of men His sons sublime; To keep for aye Forgettulness From dimming for who after come The tragedy of their rcat stress-Their sacrifice for Freedom's home-Our Indiana dedicates This monument, In love enshrined, To them who fought for sister states-As Lincoln willed--and for mankind W. SEARS. Indianapolis WHITE WATER'S HI1XS, Ptd you range fair White Water hills, With their ooded slopes, running: down, through rills; Where striped chipmunks stay, and blithe bluebuds plav And the tune-thrilled thrush, and gay ing party calling him in there. was.

unsuccessful. "Eddie" Foy knows all about it, August Bailey of South Bend, a doorkeeper in the Senate, ia a rock-ribbed "Dimmycrat," He la warm follower Senator Bailey of Texas, The other day he was chagrined to in the papers of Senator Bailey's He wrote something on a slip of paper and carried It to the principal doorkeeper. John Kelly, "Here," said he, "If Senator Bailey quits the Bimmycrat Here Is mv resignation." Both Baileys" reconsidered and peace once more reigns. This shows how the Bailey family stands together. County Clerk fohn Rauch is.not...sure.

NEWEST NOTES OF SCIENCE. Brother Shumaker would not require many figures to express his idea of the Toper number of saloons for Indianapo- is. It is not such i bad world after all Congress adjourned Saturday and the Indiana Legislature adjourns today. Maybe It is better for the Insurgents to locked up in the extra session than to be permitted at large. Legislative melons were rut for i )bdy this session, but McCarthj and Til- ien got all the lemons.

In other woids, big Bailey is the spoiled child matured into a ig bully, The licfuor question has boen taken out politics until another campaign opens p. About four, four, four eat more the only Isldor would be about right, The Sixty-first Congress Is death it Is unmonrnpd 'Mr Korbly's statesmanship amly i to seeds. 3, and ccr- i the bipartisan combination in the udlence? Last round and windup i The gencial marjiet for the 1 Shake hunte, cents! When tho dogwood's bloom hung In starry gleam From each grass erocn knoll, buttressing the stream, "When the soft tree tints, ere the leaves were green, Cluhg a mystic mht like the pictured scene, Of our Apiil lov- As a barefoot Did 0ti seek out the clearest pool here the sun-brow ned hills threw their shadows Or stretch full length, on a grass-grown glade, To at the sky, through the sun- necked shade? Did dream, on that August afternoon, Of the time that rame to thr bov too soon? Do jou now recall sweet midsummer dre-tma Of jourielf. In the hills, by White "Water's streams? Is noon-life plan Like your da dreamed man? Did ou gaze through the purpled haze, Hun, glorious o'er old OcttjbfrN dajs Till the a molted far jCnd the earth reached up to the star' the loosened nuts pattered round jour feet With grapes or brown paw Whilp squirrels lan, hoarding nuts i glee, And a lono crow from a deadened trre? Hfe's a plad, As those dajs, my Did mer glide, In meteoric flight Mrep, clad hills, as the moon 'shone bright And gills' laughter rang through jour quaxfrrd Or track or Tp thn hill and on a I night Till bailing Hound told a coon's af- i -All, nid winter then -could not a i or chill. "When frosts but made pules faster When tha hills ou had, As a playground, lad DR.

G. HENRI BOGART, Ind in he Is Jubilant over the increase of salary voted htm by the Legislature. He savs the increase Is acceptable, but he wishes to know the exact provisions of the law before making comments, lie chased the bill from committee to committee, and from one member of the Assembly to another, until he is dizzy The bill has bjpen' combined with many others during its brief career, and Clerk Raurh sas. after trying to catch up with for the first few days following Its introduction, he gave up the race and decided to watt until the Legislature adjourns befoie again starting after It WITB THE HUM01ISTS. did you name dog Hamlet?" "Because he is a Great American, --Bangs Is a liar.Hhere's no gain- that, Fogg--There's no gainsaying it to Bangs, 1 tried It once and it cost me $10 for Transcript.

lie--Darling, be mine and your smallest -wishes shall ever be fuiailed, She (ooldl)--I am able to do that myself. What I want is a man who will gratify nn biggest wishes 1 "I am glad to sep, anvhow, a you with under dog in this barbarous fight. 0 "Sympathize i i mister, all the money I've got Is up on that Tribune. "We never hear anything more of that great astronomer." "I'm afraid he's neg- Irctlng business He's spending his time in an observatory when he ought lo be dictating Star Brother docs yo' think of do neW evangelist, enh? Deacon Wln- dltfdy--He's a pow'ful smaht man, sah; mo ee-speclal In de matter 1 pra'r. Wy, rifeht along, he axes for things dat po' old pahson Bagster didn't even know de Lawd Fire--Britten--postofflcer-authorities experiment extensively with automatic telephones to learn if they can be used successfully in place of the present Specially designed frictioniess, spark sroof electric are used for powder from distant magazines to an ammunition factory in Bridgeport, Conn, A German architect has built a -garage 'or dirigible balloons on a turntable so hat it can be swung around to meet its occupant no matter in what direction the wind blows.

In the New York aquarium lave proved that salt water baths will cure borne Ills of fresh water fish ani that fresh water will make sick deep sea denizens well, A German Inventor vessels will be steadier at sea by the use of U-shaped containing water, which rises and 'alls as the vessel rolls, Counteracting tne action. Partial surveys indicate, that the moun aitiR forming the northern portion of thu Boundary between Guatemala and Hon- dmas may become one of the world's greatest gold fields Wireless warnings of approaching storms ai.d Ice pack movements for ves- in the nrotic seas are contemplated if weather bureau stations ars established In Alaska planned, Although ihe new Grand Central Station in New York will be one of the greatest in the world, there will not be a. stair- In It. access to IN five levels being provided by sloping After experimenting several years a chemist In an English brewery claims to have produced a dealcohollzed been free from intoxicating pKopevties, but retaining all the flavor of other beer. Two crumbling arch railroad' bridges in Germany have been strengthened by boring holes into masonry and Injecting thin cement mortar at a the- the president thereof to bring befoie it a subject which has been called to the of school authorities of Michigan and which I am vitally interested in seeing introduced into the schools of Indiana.

I believe the Introduction of a comprehensive course of morals and manners, beginning In the first grade of our public schools and continuing through tho en-, tire twelve years, is a crying need of the day. Th6 rudeness, bumptiousness and 1m- Jthe lask of reverence for all things, and the total disregard of the rights of others ot the child, is fast becoming the reproach of other nations, and unless given serious attention in the near future is Jikely to become the downfall of our own Jfhe.Intellectual, manual and physical portant, I admit, but of how much more importance is his moral and spiritual development? I once heard a noted educator say that the true aim of education should be to teach the Individual the shortest distance betweeh himself and God, and in what way can you teach him this more surely than by training him to ee the nearness of hi own interests to those of his fellow man? Some claim ihis Is the duty of the parents, not the schools, Granted -It should be, but what of the child Whose parents are too ignorant, selfish or indifferent to give the proper training? Jt has always)been -taken for granted that a teacher by precept and example Will instill manners and principles into the minds of her pupils, out experience proves that this haphazard method is not to be depended upon. scientific explanation of the causes and of an immoral life, and the reasons for a moral one are due to the child. Being neither a pfotestant, Catholic or according to the common acceptance of these terms, I feel that I can speak as an unprejudiced American and 1 do not believe the general use of tho Bible in the public schools (made up, as they are. of all sects and nationalities) would be constitutional, but I do say, and sincerely believe, that the introduction of a course in ethics an- manners would hot only be sanctioned bv every sect concerned, but most heartily welcomed by them all.

The superintendent of public instruction of Michigan laat ember appoint- ed ft committed of many experienced and learned men to investigate and outlines definite course of moral training for tlio schools of Michigan. That he neglected to appoint one or more women on this board I believe to be a mistake, therefore I Would like to see the matter- started in Indiana by the as I believe will bo a great forjfi, MAHTHA J. JOHNSON. BflRCHIVE.

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