74th Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS. CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY. APRIL 22. 1964 $1.50 Per Month Twenty Pages 10 Cents Johnson speaks at fair demonstrators arrested WORLD'S FAIR OPENS - President Johnson today opened th« New York World's Foir as TOO Civil Rights demonstrators were orresled including fop Negro leaders. Traffic moved normally despite the efforts of CORE demonstrators to stage a stall-in that they hoped would cause a monumental tieup. (VPl Telephoto) Diem's younger brother gets death sentence SAIGON, South Vict Nam - (UPl) — A special revolution ary court today sentenced the younger brother oi the late President Ngo Dinh Diem to death by the guillotine for crimes committed during his nine-year rule as "wrtual warlord" of central Viet Nam. Ngo Dinh Can rockti gently in a pink rocking chair as the president of the nine-man court took 10 minutes to read the \'erdict at the end of the trial, which started .last Thursday, and concluded: "The defendant Ngo Dinh Can is therefore sentenced to death." Quote of Day NEW YORK — Jules Dubois Latin American correspondent for the Chicago Tribune, addressing the American Newspa per Publishers Association on the Communist threat in Soutli America; ".Already- the Reds arc smirk ing at us from a tiny 90-mile gap; and the ceaseless boring from within shows too plainly in more than half a dozen of our Latin American neighbors/ Weather Redlands Today Highest e9. Lowest 46 One Year Ago Highest 74, Lowest 37 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 5:09 a.m. — 6:27 p.m. No smog, allowable burning. San Bernardino Valley: Most ly sunny. Considerable cloudi' ness tonight and Thursday. Gusty winds at times and slightly cooler Thursday. U.5. Weather Bureau Noon Ferecaxt There will be increasing cloudiness generaJiy throughout the area tonight and Thursday. Winds Mill be strong and gusty in northern desert valleys this afternoon throughout Southern California Thursday. Partly cloudy weather with continued strong gusty winds is indicated for Friday. Some shower activity will also con tinue in northern mountains and possibly northern interior regions. Temperatures and precipita tion for the 24-hour period ended at 4 a.m.: Hish Low Preeip. Boston Chicago Cincitinati Denver Fairbanks Fort Worth Helena Kansas City Las Vegas Los Angeles Minneapolis New York Oklahoma City Palm Springs Sacramento Salt Lake City San Francisco SeatUe . . Washington 46 38 .01 73 48 .35 SO 58 .33 65 36 33 29 73 64 .61 53 36 72 44 SO 52 68 54 59 40 .28 44 41 .15 83 54 T 88 65 74 50 54 35 .05 57 48 50 35. .11 49 45 T Britain, Russia frade spies at Berlin border LONDON (UPI) — British businessman Grcville Wynne, imprisoned as a spy by flic So viets and exchanged tliis morning in Berlin for Soviet spy Gordon Lonsdale, returned to Britain today. W >Tine 's w-ifc, Sheila, who made several trips to Russia to sec her husband and plead for his release, said "This is won dcrful news. I am ecstatic," wjhen told he was freed. (Diplomatic observers in Mos cow said the deal was a favorable one for Moscow since it freed a master Soviet spy sentenced to 25 years in exchange for a Briton accused of a relatively minor role and sentenced to eight years' confinement. (They said that Wj-nne was accused only of being a courier, while Lonsdale headed a ring stealing important British military secrets.) 3??e British Foreign Office announced the exchange several hours after witnesses reported Engle denies report he will withdraw it took place on the Berlin border at dawn. The iflitiatirc for the swap came from the Soviets, the British spokesman said, and the British agreed because Wj-nnc's poor health. Wynne, 45, has served of 11 months of an eight-year sen fence for espionage. Lonsdale, 40, whose real name is Konon Trofimovich Molody, began 25-year sentence in 1961 after his conviction as head of a spy ring that delivered British Navy undcnvater weapons secrets to Moscow. The exchange paralleled that of Soviet master spy Col. Rudolf Abel for American V2 pilot Francis Gary Powers. Abel was turned over to the Russians and Powers to the Americans at another Berlin border point. It took only 12 minutes today to wipe out prison sentences to taling 29 remaining years for W}-nne and Lonsdale. Tlic exchange point was the border between West Berlin's British sector and Communist East Germany. The time was 5:20 a.m. (11:20 p.m. EST Tuesday). WASHINGTON (UPI) - A spokesman for Sen. Clair Engle, D-Calif.. today denied a published report that the senator had decided not to seek reelection because of a new medi cal report holding that he could not withstand the rigors of another campaign. Paul Green, Eagle's press aide, said the California sena' tor was still wailing for a report from his doctors that would tell the story of his condi- Uon." Green said the report would be made public when it is re ccived in a few days. "The senator has no plans to withdraw," he said. The medical report. Green said, was expected "in the nc.vt day or two." 'As soon as we do we ^rill make it public to everyone, not just to one newspaper on an exclusive basis," he said. LO.VG BE.ACH, Calif. (UPD- Ailing U.S. Sen. Clair Engle, D-Calif., will withdraw his candidacy for reelection "in a matter of hours or days," according to a copyrighted news storj- in today's Long Beach Independ ent. The newspaper quoted "a reliable source"—identified as a friend of the senator who declined use of his name—as saying new medical reports on Engle's progress since his brain surgery of last Aug. 24 ''cannot match the demands of his financial backers in California.' Engle is being opposed in the race for California's Democratic nomination for lus Senate seat by both Pierre Salinger, former White House press secretary, and Alan Cranston,. California state controller. The newspaper's source said setback in Eagle's recuperation from brain surgery now appears "far TOrse than it was ipposed to have been." Lawyers ask new tests for Jack Ruby DALLAS (UPI) - Jack Ruby's lau-yers asked a judge today to order Ruby to a hospi tal tor further psychiafrict tests including "studies under hypnosis and sodium pentathol (truth serum)." Before the condemned Ruby was tried. Dist. Judge Joe B. BroMTi had him tested for two days in a Dallas psychiatrict clinic. One doctor involved in the tests said brain wave stud ics showed Ruby had organic brain damage but two other doctors could' find nothing wrong with him. Ruby was tried on a charge of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, accused assassin of President Kennedy. He was found guilty by a jury in Judge Brown's court March 14 and ordered electrocuted in the state prison. Dr. Hubert Winston Smith, Ruby's new head lawyer, said in a motion filed in Judge Brown's court today, that the pre-trial tests were not sufficient. Russ chorge Chino birthday note a fraud MOSCOW (UPI) -The Krcm lin charged today that Chinese Communist leader Mao- Tic-tung deliberately tried to mislead the Soviet and world public" by sending a hj-pocriti cal birthday telegram to Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev. The charge was made by Communist Party Central Com mittco Secretary Yuri .Andro pov shortly after the Soviet party mocked Mao in a special publication and accused him of trying to set himself up as a "living Buddha" in China. Khrushchev sat nearby, nodding his approval, while Mao was derided for his birthday congratulation message last week which sUtcd Sino-Sovict differences were only tempo rary. Rusk encouraged by Russ support in Laos crisis NEW YORK (UPI) — President Johnson opened the 1964-65 World's Fair today and told civil rights demonstrators shouting "Freedom now" that the United States has done more than any other nation m history "to correct its flaws." The chief e.vecutive made no allusion to the presence of Congress of Racial Equality demonstrators at many of the fair's pavilions in his dedicatory address near the Unisphere, center and symbol of the fair, but be could not ignore the knots of chanting pickets he passed on his way to ribbon-cutting cere monies opening the U. S. Pa vilion. Two groups of demonstrators drowned out speeches by Mayor Robert F. Wagner and other of ficials but one group fell silent as Johnson spoke. The other, however, kept up the chant of "Freedom now" and the President pointedly emphasized that the fantastic exhibition, biggest and costh'est of all world's fairs, symtwliies America's drive to help create a world "in which all men are equal." The President said the United Stales today is "mote con icemed vtith the challenges to I greatness than the achievement of greatness." "We do not try to mask our national problems," he said. "We do not try to disguise our imperfections or cover up our failures. No other nation in his tory has done so much to correct its flaws." At the dedication, attended by 17,000 distinguished guests from all parts of the world, Johnson predicted that American progress will outstrip even the $500 milhon exhibition's imaginative vision of the future if peace can be achieved. Johnson made a filing trip here from the capital and was at the fair a little more than one hour before retumins to Washington. Tlie biggest, costliest extrava ganza in history got off to a slow, sodden start. Pubh'c uneasiness about civil rights demonstrations and a cold rain kept first day crowds below e.Ypecta< tion. Braving the weather for the ceremonies at Singer Bowl were former President Harry S. Truman, nine state governors. 23 ambassadors, 11 New York congressmen. Under - Secretary of Slate W. Averell Harriman, Under Secretary of the United Nations Ralph Bunche, and Ambassador Adlai E. Steven son. More than 100 FBI and Secret Service men guarded the President during his hour's visit to the ^air site 10 miles from downtown Manhattan. They augmented a police and fair guard force of 2,000 who were on alert for possible violence as a result of the demonstrations. Johnson emphasized the fair's theme, "Peace Through Under standing," and the fantastic world of the future projected in exhibits in many of the fair's 134 pavilions. He recalled that the boldest prophecies of the 1939 New York World's Fair had been "far outstripped by reality." If war can be- avoided, he said, "I am sure that speakers at the next World's Fair will look back with amusement at how greatly we underestimated the capacity and genius of man." First-day \isitors noted that the e-xhibition laid heavy emphasis on culture and technical progress, less on amusement. Fair organizer Robert Moses ruled out girlie shows and carnival attractions, and hula girls at the Hawaiian e.xhibit wera the fair's most daring display. .An SS-unit inaugural parade featuring beauty queens, 14 bands and an 85-foot paper dragon entertained early-bid patrons. Receptions and premieres w^ere a dime a dozen and were to continue right through tonight when the fair's numerous stage shows make their debuts. For a $2 admission visitors could see three-quarters of the fair's exhibits—the rest cost extra. The potpourri of attractions included a monorail railroad, Michelangelo's "Pieta," a Disney-created talking robot of Lincoln, the Dead Sea Scrolls, an automated chocolate factory, a replica of the .Bounty, and a Sudanese mosque. "The opening also heralded a summer of cultural attractions for fair visitors in the city including gala performances at the Metropolitan Opera and Lincoln Center and special museum exhibits. Based on the sale of 35 million advance tickets and heavy hotel bookings, fair officials predicted a possible 100 million total attendance. "Come in. have a drink" ends demonstration SAN FRANCISCO (UPI) About two dozen demonstrators tuned out Tuesday night to picket Gov. Edmund G. Browns birthday party and ended up singing a rousing chorus of "Happy birthday" to the chief executive. Brown completely disarmed the demonstrators gathered in ifront of the Fairmont Hotel when he told them on his arrival, 'come in and have a drink; with me," WASHINGTON (UPI)- Soviet, Ambassador Anatoly F. Dob- rj-nin discussed the Laos situa tion today with Secretary ofj State Dean Rusk who later was reported encouraged by Russia's continued support of neu trab'ty for the Southeast Asian trouble spot. Dobrynin told newsmen after bis meeting with Rusk that the situation in Laos was "pretty bad and serious." Later a State Department spokesman described Rusk as encouraged by| the Soviet adherence to the Ge neva agreement which guaran tees the independence and neu trality of Laos. The spokesman said the 45 minute conference between Rusk and Dobrj-nin, called by the secretary, was devoted principally to the Laotin political turmoil. Rusk and Dobrj-nin, the State Department said, also touched briefly on Cuba and the problem the Russians arc having in finding a site for a new embassy in Washington. State Department press officer Robert J. McCloskey declined [to go into details of the Rusk- 'Dobrj-nin discussion on Laos. He had no information as to who brought up the Cuban ques tion but said it was touched on only briefly. SIcCloskey said press reports that most of the Russian forces in Cuba would be withdraftn soon are probably well founded but the Russians have not officially notified the United States of their "withdrawal schedule." Beating plan SACRAMENTO (UPI)—A California boating plan, calling for, the expenditure of S318 million by 1975 to meet a growing de- man for small craft facilities, was unveiled today by the state. The price tag for current! boating needs alone was placed at $1SS million, of which SlOO million would be paid by the state and the rest by private enterprise. Stassen's appeal ties up Calif, election plans WASHINGTON (UPI) — Su prcmc Court Justice William 0. Douglas today ordered prcpa- tions for the June 2 California presidential primary held up pending action on an appeal by Harold E. Stassen- Stasscn was barred from be ing on the Republican ballot by California Secretary of State Frank M. Jordan on the ground that be bad not collected enough signatures to qualify. Stassat brought this problem to the U. S. Supreme Court Tuesday. The California Su preme Court upheld Jordan April 17. The Stasscn for-president Citi zens Committee asked the Supreme Court to act quickly on the case, because absentee ballots must be mailed by May 4. The petition said county clerks had not used proper procedures in checking the names on Slas sen's nominating petitions with voter registrations. In a brief order today, Doug las directed that Jordan advise "each and every county clerk of the stale of California by the most expeditious means possible" that the Stassen case is before the high court He said Jordan must instruct all clerks "to suspend all action, procedures or other activities relating to the publication of presidential primary notices or printing or mailing of sam pie ballots, ballots, or absentee ballots" pending action by the high court on the Stassen appeaL The effect of the Douglas order would be automatically nullified if the court should reject the appeal. If the court should agree to hear the case, (be order will remain in effect until it is decided. If Stassen is eliminated, only New York Gov. Nelson Rockefeller and Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona will be on the California primary ballot to contend for the state's 86 GOP nation al convention votes. No write-in vole is possible under California law. In Sacramento, Jordan said that he was complying uith the Douglas order and did not be lieve that the primary would be delayed. I have enough faith in the court to believe that it will act as expeditiously as possible to prevent a delay," he said. How ever, be added that the primary could be delayed if the court failed to act before the end of this month. Although he was complying by sending telegrams to county clerks, telling them to uphold all ballot preparations, Jordan was unhappy with the Douglas order. "I can't see any reason to justify it," he said, adding that the Stassen delegation bad failed by more than 4,000 signatures to qualify for the biUot "I think it's stretching a point even to conshler their (the Stassen supporters') .petition," he said.. New York cracks down on stall-in pickets NEW YORK (UPI) - Civil righU demonstrators staged sit- ins, lie-ins and set up picket Imes at the New York Worid's Fair today, and drew personal admonishment from President Johnson. More than 100 demonstrators, including top Negro leaders,' were arrested In incidents before and during the President's arrival. Johnson spoke at the opening of the U. S. PaviUon while a group of demonstrators from the Congress of Racial Equality shouted, "Freedom now, freedom now." With the exception of the shouting, none of the demonstrations concerned the President directly. Johnson declared that the Rail dispute closer to settlement WASHINGTON (UPI)-Presi dent Johnson apparently metl this morning with Labor Secre tary W. Willard Wirtz and the chief negotiator for the railroad management on the latest developments in rail bargaining. Federal mediators resumed talks with union representatives with less than 72 hours to go before a nationwide strike dead line at midnight Friday. Both sides were reported closer to an agreement than at any time suice the dispute began late in 1959. Bargain'mg conducted under White House scrutiny recessed last night at about 10 p.m. EST after a day of "hot and heavy, fast and furious" mediation activity. lliis description.' applied by White House Press Secretary George E. Beedy, was expected to apply to talks from now until 12:01 a.m. Saturday when a nationwide rail strike is possible unless an agreement isi reached. The five-man federal mediation team called union negotia tors lo an early session today in the search for a compromise solution.. Railroad representatives were standing by to join the talks later. The White House effort has moved the bargaining off dead center where it had been stalled until Prsident Johnson won a 15-day truce April 9 to allow resumption of bar^ainmg. Since then, the White House has reported definite gains, and a narrowing of the gap separating tmioDs and management. Observers said it was the first time since the dispute started in late I9S9 that so much progress bid been made in the tan-! gled controversy. Sources reported that agreement had been reached in part] on the complex pay system under which en^eers, firemen and - other operating employes are. compensated —. a maja-i ^spnted issue. Vaited States has done more than any nation in history "to correct its flaws." He said the United States does not try to "mask" its national problems or "disguise" its imperfections. The demonstrators had just about drowned out speeches by Blaj-or Robert F. Wagner and Fair Commissioner Norman Winston. Most of them remained silent when the President spoke, but a vocal minority continues its "Freedom now" chant while he spoke.' CORE pickets demonstrated at more than a dozen pavilions, taxing police who had been heavily reinforced to cope with the situatipn. Remforced police squads made arrests following demonstrations ranging firom Manhat tan's Times. Square to the Flushing Meadows fair grounds. Shortly before noon, police had arrested about 45 demonstrators, including James Farmer, national director of the Congress of Racial Equality, and Herbert Callcnder, chairman of the Bronx branch of CORE. Farmer and about a dozen others were arrested for stag ing a sit-in at the New York City Pavilion. Callender was picked up when he tried to block the entrance to the Elmhurst Police Station, where earlier demonstrators had been taken. Also involved in the "sit-in demonstrations at the fair was Bayard Rustin, leader of last year's civil rights march oo Washington and organizer of New York's first school boycott At least SO shouting, sign- carrying demonstrators picketed the Florida pavilion and shouted at Florida Gov. Farris Bryant: "Jim Crow must go—Governor Bryant must go." Bryant ignored the taunts and entered one of the buildings at the pavilion. Halted Train One of the demonstratora tried to scale the 110-foot citrus tower—landmark of the Florida exhibit-but he was dragged down by four policemen and carried away in handcuffs. First demonstrators were picked up at 7:30 a.m., EST, when they delayed subway trains carrying visitors to the (Continued on Page 7) West /OfIIS in trying to restore Laotian gov't. VIENTIANE, Laos (UPI)U.S. Ambassador Leonard Unger and the envoys of France, Britain, and Australia joined today in an attempt to restore the Laotian government overthrown by a right-wing military coup Sunday. They set out for a' meeting with King Savang Vathana in the royal capital of Luang Pra- bang to seek his help in re-establishing the coaUtion of neu tralists, pro • Cbmmunists, and right - wing elements that had governed Laos since ISC. The status of neutralist Premier Prince Souvanna Phouma, who has the backing of the jWcst and the king, remained unclear. The miliary junta headed by Gen. Kouprasitb Abhay kepi Souvanna under armed guard. but l\iesday night began referring to him as the nation's premier instead of its deposed premier. Kouprasitb and his chief aide, police chief Gen. Siho Lara- phouthaeool, apparently hope to end Souvanna's ineffective coalition and set up a government excluding the pro - Communist Pathet Uo. Since the Troika government was formed, the Pathet Lao have refused lo cooperate most of the time and their forces have clashed repeatedly with right - wing and neutralist troops. But the West fears that any attempt to push out the Pathet Lao could bring full-scale civil war, perhaps involving support for the pro - Communists from neighboring North Viet Nam and Communist China. J. Edgar Hoover testifies Communist influence exists in Rights move WASHINGTON (UPI) —KBI, Director J. Edgar Hoover says that "Communist Influence does exist in the Negro (civil rights) movement..." In testimony given Jan. 29 but made public Tuesday, Hoover told a HousK-appropriations subcommittee that the Conunu- Inist party "has sought ways and means to exploit thejmili- tant forces of. the civil rights' ImevemenL" He said the number of Ne- groes who turn Communist is "not the important thing" because "communism must build with non-Communist hands." "We do know that Communi.y infhence does exist in the Nr gro movement and it is tbir •' fluence which is vitally iu^ tant," Hoover said. "It c »S the means through whicVces masses are caused to'lo^at spective on the issues '"j^ele- and, without tealiziBg-f4y. cunib to the party's ptr hu«." 'Si '
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