feg9 12. RIDIANDS, CAUFOKNU APRIL 21, 1964 With a Grain Of Salt I By Frank and Getting Ready for Launching Moort Petitions are interesting but ballots make decisions What does a petition mean when signed by 2,500 voters ... or 25,000 voters ... or a minion? The month of April 1964 offers much instruction on this controversial subject . First, consider the initiative measure on the City BaUot of April 14 This proposed ordinance was placed on the ballot with a petition bearing 2,541 signatures. It is the usual argument of citizens when they wish to override a decision of the City Council that a petition fully discloses the desires of the people and is a mandate which the Council must accept California law, however, recognizes the vnO. of the people only when it is registered at the ballot box in an election conducted according to law. Polls are straw votes — contrary to the talk of people who use them for political maneuver — and have no standing. That the law is right is evidenced by the results of the April 14 election. The vote on the initiative measure was Yes, 2,045 — almost 500 less than the 2,541 names on the petition. The No vote was 4,815. What the election demonstrates is that a I)etition is an approximate indication of the number of citizens who agree with the intention it expresses. But it does not disclose the all-important fact of how many people are against it This significant conclusion does not belittle the magnitude of the rubbish petition. 2,541 signatures is a whale of a lot Nor does this conclusion ignore the Yes vote, 2,045, representing a substantial minority which must be regarded %vith respect Turning now to the broader California stage, many citizens are unaware that circulating political petitions is an established buaness enterprise, like selling bottled milk, retreading tires, or di-y cleaning. It is a legitimate enterprise which may be — and is — conducted for px-ivate profit Therefore, a candidate or a cause, has the choice between using volunteer petition circulators or engaging the services of a firm that is in the business of getting signatures. Both systems have been used in the Presidential Primary, with spectacular and newsworthy results. To get on the ballot a delegation to the RepuMcan National Convention, to be held in San Francisco July 12, required a petition with 13,702 valid signatures. For this operation the Goldwater forces elected to use volunteer solicitors and to get the signatures early and quickly. This they managed to do, filing more than enough signatures on the first day prescribed by law— thereby \vinning first-listing on the June 2 Presidential Primary ballot Gov. Rockefeller employed professional solicitors and, knowing their business, they turned in a sufficiency of signatures. Harold Stassen's people started late and tried to use volunteers acting with some advice from the professionals. To their amazement the shrinkage was so great that the seemingly over-subscribed petition was insufficient In Los Angeles County, for 'example, only 1,300 were certified out of 4,300 filed. Now the Stassen people are in court, crying "foul" and trying to get on the ballot Mayor Sam Yorty of Los Angeles tried to fidd a delegation to the Democratic Party national convention. His petitions were 174 names short He has appealed to the U.S. Supreme court With this background you can weigh the claims and counterclaims in regard to the petitions against Pay-TV. This will surely be on the November ballot, 468,259 certified signatures being required, and 1,057,000 signatures being presented for checking. Says the Committee for Free-TV: "These petitions \vere circulated by some 80,000 clubwomen, thousands of union members, theaters, bowling alleys, television dealers and manufacturers and other groups. Says the spokesman for Subscription Television, Inc.: "California theater o%vners have paid $250,000 cash to buy a place on the November ballot for their pay TV Monoply initiative. This sum was paid to two professional petition circulating firms located in Los Angeles and San Francisco. They paid 20 cents •per name to sidewalk petition solicitors but charged an additional sum approximately 30 cents for expenses and other services. This was supplemented Avith theater lobby signature drives." In the end, the contention over whether the petition campaign \vas a holy crusade or the crass purchase of a place on the ballot will become irrelevant To permit or to prohibit Pay-TV will be decided by votes — not signatures. The Newsreel The man at the next desk says it's just as well he's not in politics. "I lov^e my family," he explains. "But I ask myself whether they are really a group I could recommend to the electorate." Lodge's strong showing puzzles the political experts. Maybe there is a groundsivell of voter resentment against handhsaking. So many holidays require elaborate-cekfara- tions, while on Arbor Day about all you have to do is not be mean to a tree. "Some of my sbxdeots read •David Copperfield' >rithout quite understanding that the novel came from the brain of Charles Dickens," Prof. L. E. Nelson said. "Yes, I know what you mean," replied Prof. L. E; Slit- chelL "It disturbs me. They seem to think that books are the creatures of the presses that print them." What to do about it? Bring some flesh and b 1 o o d authors to the ' University of Redlands campus and turn them loose on the students. That would stir their interest in writing and writers as well as in reading, the two faculty members decided. And that's bow Writers' Week was bom back in 1932. The students put 50 cents apiece into a kitty and from this fund the experiment was financed. The idea proved to be a "natural". . . and has been going on ever since. Now an ember from the UR li'erary fire has been carried 20 miles to the southwest. Who carried? ^Vhy Dr. L. E. Nelson, o£ course. He is one of those human dynamos who just couldn't stay retired. When he closed his long career at UR be made his valuable services available to California Baptist College at Riverside. There he is the director of the Division of Humanities. CurrenUy the school is conducting a fine arts festival "to encourage creativity on the part of students, by contacts with creative workers in the varied arts." This one includes music, painting and drama, but carries some strong echoes of UR Writer's Week. The lead off speaker Friday was Ruth Ikerman, one of the most successful writers in t h e Redlands area. Her topic: "The Biography of a Book." Yesterday Dr. Nelson who is the author of various books in addition to his biography of the University of Redlands, and his history of Redlands, talked on "The Hysterics of History". This was an adaptation of the Faculty Lecture he gave at UR. Tomorrow Dr. Fred Mayer, one of the most prolific authors on the UR faculty, will discuss the philosophic problems of education in the future. All three can testify that writing is a human ordeal, but one that satisfies the soul as only artistic creation can. "Hysterics of History"? An intriguing title. . . and a relevant idea. Do j-ou remember listening to network radio that Sunday evening back in the 1930's when the voice of Orson Wells announced that Planet Earth had been invaded from Planet Mars? It did sound like a newscast, sort of. .. in the midst of a drama. Some panicky listeners were frightened out of their wits. Such hysterical outbursts come when there is considerable fear of things people do not understand, says Dr. Nelson, the literary historian. He cites case histories from 1212 to the present 1212 was the year when about 50,000 unarmed children set out from France and Germany to recover the H o 1 y Sepulcher — the "Children's Crusade", a frightful disaster. The present is the time in which the rumor of Ehmsh- chev's death can flash around the world with the speed of light . . . and tomorrow France may fall, and the world may become ' unglued, because Charles - de Gaulle was operated on. "We are especially viJnerable to hysterical outbursts now," Dr. Nelson says, "because we are in a period when we are doing so many new things, that our mores have been swept away. We can no longer rely on experience of the past We De Gaulle isolotes France from West By WILLIAM S. WHECE Redlands Yesterdays FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 62, lowest 49. S. Guy Jones, member of the original faculty of the University of Redlands and professor from 1909 to 1949, awarded honorary doctor of science degree from UR at Founders Day ceremony. John C. Ferrall, assistant manager of Security bank, elected president of Chamber of Commerce at annual meeting. Contemporary club members elect Mrs. Lloyd Hulbert to serve as president for the coming year. TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 69, lowest 50. Two councilmcn delcine to vote at organizational meeting which results in John EUdns winning election as mayor by two voles. Herbert Powell, Los Angeles architect, elected president of new University of Redlands organization known as the "Fellows" group. Howard Jleyers is vice president and A. B. Drake, secretary-treasurer. Wesley K. Nary and Mrs. William Boyett file for two "conditional" vacancies on Mission school board. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 93, lowest 52. Mrs. W. E. Silverwood and John P. Greven certain of positions on Redlands School board when they become the lone candidates for two positions. Boys State delegates from Redlands high disclosed as Bill Moore, Harold Harris and George Hoogeveen. Dr. T. Robert White of Redlands becomes "honorary citizen" of Texas after Doolittle Raid survivors convention in Galveston. World's First Yellowstone National Park was the world's first area to be designated a Dational park to preserve and protect the natural landscape for human enjoyment are about as ignorant, relatively, as primitive man. So, if you hear on the radio that Planet Earth has been invaded from Mars. . . keep on listening. It might be the real thing this time. . . or could it? TELEVISION TUESDAY NIGHT 5:00— 7—Laramie 9—Engineer Bill 11—Superman 13—Thaxton's Hop 5:30— 5—AVhirlybirds 11—Mickey Mouse Club 5:40— 4—Believe it or Not 5:45- 4, 13-News 6:00- 2, 7—News 5—You Asked For It 9—Sugarfoot 11—Wanted—Dead or Alive 13—Touche Turtle (C) 6:30—4, 5, 11—News 13—Huckleberry Hound 6:45— 7—News 7:00— 2—News 4—Seven Seas (C) 5—Leave it to Beaver 7—Battleline 9—Abbott & Costello 11—Cheyenne 13—Wonders of World (C) 7:30— 2—Ralph Story's L.A. 4—Mr. Novak 5—Lawman 7—Combat 3—Deputy 13-Wanderlust (C) 8:00- 2-Red Skelton 5—Seven Keys 9—Movie 11—Untouchables 13—Probe 8:30- 4-You Don't Say! (C) 5—Zane Grey 7-McHale's Navy 13—Expedition! 9:00— 2—Petticoat Junction 4—Richard Boone 5—Roller Skating 7-Greatest Show (C) ll-87th Precinct 13—Hot Spots '64 9:30— 2-Jack Benny 13—Happy Wanderer (C) 9:45— 9—News 10:00— 2—Garry Moore 4—Telephone Hour (C) 7—Fugitive 9—Movie 11, 13—News 10:30—13—Movie 11:00— 2, 4, 5, 7—News 11—Movie 11:15— 4—Johnny Carson (C) 5—Steve Allen 11:30— 2—Movie 7—Stagecoast West WEDNESDAY DAYTIME 9:00- 2—News 4-Say When 5—Romper Room 7—Pamela Mason 9—King and Odie 11—Jack LaLanne 13—News 9:15— 9—Babysitter 13—Guidepost 9:25— 4—News 9:30— 2—1 Love Lucy 4—Word for Word (C) 11—Movie 10:00— 2—McCoys 4—Concentration 5—Restless Gun 7-GirI Talk 9—Movie 10:30— 2—Pete and Gladys 4-^eopardy (C) 5—Yancy Derringer 7—Price Is Right 11:00- 2-Love of Life 4—Fu:st Impression (C) 5—Cheaters 7—Get the Message 13—Social Security 11:15—13—Guidepost 11:25— 2—News 11:30— 2-Seareh for Tomorrow 4—Truth or Consequences 5—Peter Gunn 7—Missing Links 3—Spectrum 11—Lunch Brigade 13—Ann Sothem 11:45— 2—Guiding Light 11:55— 4—News 12:00— 2—Bums and Allen 4-Ut's MakeaDeal(C) 5—Thin Man 7—Father Knows Best 3—Diamond Jubilee 13—Movie 12:25— 4—News 12:30— 2—As the World Turns 4—Doctors 5—TV Bingo 7—Ernie Ford 9—Movie 11—Movie 1:00— 2—Password 4—Loretta Young 5—Movie 7—Mike Douglas 1:30— 2—House Party 4-You Don't Say! (C) 13—Robin Hood 2:00- 2—To Tell the Truth 4—Match Game 9-Movie 11—Movie 13—Mantovani 2:25-2, 4-News 2:30— 2—Edge of Night 4—Slake Room for Daddy 7—Day in Court 13—Ann Sothem 2:55— 7—News 3:00— 2—Secret Storm 4—Bachelor Father 7—General Hospital 13—Felbc the Cat 3:30— 2—My Little Margie 4—Movie 7—Queen for a Day 11—Deputy Dawg, Dick K-acy . 3:45— 9—News 4:00— 2—Life of Riley 5—Just for Fun 7—Trailmaster !)—Mighty Hercules (C) 13—Courageous Cat (C) 4:30— 2—Movie 11—Lone Ranger 4:45—13—Rocky and His Friends BERerS WOBLO LIGHTER SIDE Split second timing By DICK WEST WASHINGTON (UPI) — Few things will aggrieve a congressman more than being frozen out| of an announcement concerning a military base in his home district The reason for his dis- pleasiu'e is twofold: (1) It gives the folks back home the im-I pression that he doesn't know what is going on in Washington and (2) It makes it difficult for him to claim credit for what is being done. During the past year or so, there have been frequent com. plaints that the Pentagon and- or White House were playing favorites in the dissemination of such tidings. Let us say for purposes of 3- lustration that the Army decided to ' reactivate the 432nd Alesskit Repair Depot at Fortj Cactus. The word would then be passed to an administration supporter who was facing . a tough campaign for reelection. Or so it would be alleged by] those who came in second with the news. I don't propose to discuss the validity of these charges. but I was. intrigued by an experience related by Rep. Sherman P. Lloyd, R-Utab, in the current issue of Roll Call, the Capitol Hill newspaper. Upon entering his office at 3:18 on a recent afternoon, Lloyd wrote, he found an Air Force sergeant "sitting in a chair, looking as if he were waiting for somebody. "It turned out that what he was waiting for was not somebody but for the precise moment of 3:20 p.m.—or, if you will—1520 hoars." Right on the dot, the sergeant handed over an envelope containing an announcement pertaining to the Hill Air Force Base in Utah. "Upon my inquiry," Lloyd continued, "this courteous and punctual sergeant informal me that identical messages were being delivered to the entire Utah congressional delegation at the simultaneous moment "The messengers had even syacfaronized their watches before leaving the Pentagon." The congressman drew the conclusion that the Pentagon had devised "this elaborate WASHINGTON - De Gaulle France has now wholly isolated itself from the Western community of free men in the historic struggle to save Southeast Asia by throwing back the Communist aggression against South Viet Nam. AIL this is the malancholy part of the fall-out from the recent meeting in Manila of the Southeast Asia Tteaty Organization. France has as good as bolted that organization by publicly standing aloof from an otherwise unanimous declaration of her seven partners in it that the defeat of the long, bmtal Communist invasion of South Viet Nam is essential to the safety of Southeast Asia in general. SEATO, however, is far from finished — and this is the strong and good side of the medal. For France's very abstention from the job at hand has drawn together the other seven as they had not been drawn together before. Ironically, therefore, SEATO is stronger in the afterlight of Manila than it had been before. It is not the rest of the West whose diplomacy has been injured. It is, instead, the curious diplomacy of President Charles de Gaulle of France. For at Manila he has at last overreached himself. No one had asked France to supply a single franc or a single soldier to the defense of South Viet Nam — a defense being conducted by the Vietnamese with the aid of 16,000 American froops and biDions of American dollars. France was requested only to join in a statement warning where this sort of naked aggression must lead. Even this cheapest of all possible forms of support she declined to extend. President de Gaulle, alone among ail statesmen of the West wishes to "neufralize" South Viet Nam, in spite of the fact that for a decade in Southeast Asia "neutralization" has proved a sham. The sham repeatedly leaves the anti-Communist forces disarmed and the Communists still armed and determined upon more and more miUtary adventures. De Gaulle's policy precisely fits the wishes and the interests of his new friends, the Red Chinese. At Manila, as so often before. only de Gaulle France was right and all the others in SEATO— the United States, Britain, Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Thailand and the Philippines — were all wrong. It is no longer possible to hops that General de Gaulle can b« diverted from the fatal course of appeasement of Asia communism to which he has set his government For at Manila he has put a final seal upon that course of haughty folly. But his self-imposed isolation there in itself tends to diminish his capacity to split the West— and his capacity to assist the war-hungry and faceless hordes of Red China — at precisely that . moment when the West has sound reason to hope that a convulsive division between China and the Soviet Union may crumble the heretofore immense monolith of international communism. No sensible man supposes Charles de Gaulle to be, consciously, anything less than a patriarch of patriotism and a good anti - Communist. Granting that his motives are of the highest, it therefore seems to follow that he has embarked-; alone — upon some mortally dangerous sfrategy presupposing that if only the Red Chinese are thrown enough victims in Southeast Asia, they will at length be satiated there and perhaps in some long tomorrow will turn on the Russians. This may be a good grandiose theory — to those who don't stop to think that any policy to foment war on this colossal scale almoist certainly would wind up involving us all, and not merely the Russian and the Chinese Communists, in the holocaust Moreover, even assuming for the moment that tb« rest of the world could stay out, somebody would have to win as between the two antagonists; and that somebody could be the Chinese. Since China is far the more bellicose and far the readier to take on the West, few rational men would welcome such an outcome. All this illustrates the frouble with those thoughts of "grandeur" which underlie de Gaulle's theories of world politics. Grand they may be, but devilishly tricky and perilous they certainly are. (Copyright 1964, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) DOCTOR'S MAILBAG Intense desire for child creates fdse pregnancy By Dr. Wayne G. Brandstadt Q—About a year ago, my doctor told me I had false pregnancy. After about 9 months, my stomach went down but it is not back to normal yet and I still have the same feeling of being kicked from the inside. What causes false pregnancy and how long does it take to get over it? A—False pregnancy often occurs in young married women who intensely desire a baby. It is also common in women who are nearing the menopause./ There is an amaring increase in the size of the abdomen which may be due to an abnormal and rapid accumulation of fat to gas in the intestines or, more rarely, to fluid in the abdominal cavity. The movements thought to be due to a bagy's kicking are caused by sudden contractions of the intestines or the muscles of the abdominal wall. Once a woman with this con- Teletips TOP SHOW: — 9:30, Chan. 2. Jack Benny. Jack spoofs radio's "The Whistler" and becomes "The Fiddler," a sim'ster figure who walks by night, working his mischief to the accompaniment of his haunting theme melody. 7:30 — Chan. 13. Wanderlust. "Mediterranean Odyssey" features films of Greece and Istan- buL 9:00 — Chan. 7. The Greatest Show on Earth. "There Are No Problems, Only Opportunities." A man holding stock options upsets the finances as well as the human emotions of the circus people. 10:00 — Chan. 4. Telephone Hour. Donald O'Connor hosts Gretchen Wyler, Diahann Carroll, Gianna D'Angdo and the Pete Fountain Quintet clock-watching ritual" to head off complamts about "hews management" "Are we training men for this hazardous mission and furnishing cars and drivers to provide the suitable means of getting Uirough Uie Unes?" he asked. If so, he said, "I think we could save enough money in military manpower to cover the costs of lighting the White House at night" dition is convmced that she is not pregnant the symptoms should subside. If excess fat is a factor, you will have to diet to reduce. I have given suggestions several times in the past for the relief of bloating. Q—The doctor told my daughter who is pregnant that she has a tipped womb. Will this make delivery harder for her? A—A uterus may be abnormally tipped either forward or backward. Forward tipping may cause great discomfort during pregnanQT and make deHv- ery very difficult When the degree of tipping is severe, it may be considered by soms doctors a reason for Caesarean section. Backward tipping is mors common and is a frequent cause of early miscarriage. In many women, however, as pregnancy proceeds, the uterus straightens out automatically. If this does not occur, the doctor is often able to-manipulate ths pregnant uterus back into ths normal position. Q—Is a man in his 50s too old to father a child? Is it dangerous for a woman in her 40s to have a baby if her change of life has started? . A—There is no known age limit to a man's reproductive power. Pregnancy m the 40s is associated with no special dangers for the woman who has borne one or more children. If however, this is a first pregnancy, I would strongly recommend Caesarean section. Q—My daughter is anemic and she is pregnant Will she be able to carry the baby the fuh nine months? A—There are several forms of anemia. Fortunately all can be controlled with proper medical freatment If your daughter is getting such freatment there is no reason why she should not have a normal pregnancy, a normal delivery and a normal baby. One Minute Pulpif Those who foresake the law praise the wicked, but those who keep the law strive against them.—Proverbs 28.4. / Where law ends, there tyras- i ny bc^. — vraiiam Pitt "
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