4 H 1 1 _ A Penny for Your Thoughts • 1 • # •9 if 0 o » i am fiy PETER feDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — Mill* cnce of the U.S. Constitution and the power of the U.S. Declara* tion of Independence in the new nations of the world are little appreciated. Eloquent testimony on this point has just been given by Tan* garjyika's President Julius K. Nyerere. "We have taken our stand on what is one of the most inspiring documents of all time the preamble to the American Constitution," he tie- ciared on his arrival here for a visit o the U.S. "ft says, 'All men are created equal and arc endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights. • • / " 4 Actually, this is a paraphrase from the Declaration of Inde pendence, but the mm made his science at University of Editv The tranters of uftdemttfted point. The president's short talk was principally a defense of the new Organisation of African Unity declaration against racial policies of Sduth Africa. So it was natural that the first question asked him Was what United States policy should be toward that country. He ducked, claiming an answer Would be interference in American foreign affairs. But in reference to his remarks on the U.S. Constitution he proposed that, "The United States should support freedom movements whereVer they are found." HE IS A SURPRISING little man. Forty years old, he is descended from tribal chiefs. But he was educated in a Catholic college in Uganda, did graduate work in economics and political burg. He gave tip teaching for politics only a few years ago and received an honorary LL.D. from Duquesne University in Pittsburgh when he was here as Tanganyika's foreign minister 'two years ago. He speaks precise English with a clipped British accent acquired when Tanganyika was a crown colony., He has a i*eady smile and a little Charlie Chaplin mustache that is deceptive. He has a quick wit and is representative of the new breed of African leaders at their best. In a question-ahd-answer session after his talk at the National Press Club, Nyerere was asked, "If the United States solves its own racial problems, will its position be more acceptable in the cold war?" plied quickly the American Declaration of Independence did Mt have the cold war in .fwind. I hope ym color problem here is kwked at from the moral standpoint and not from the, viewpoint of the cold War 1 . "We would like to see * United States of Africa/' he said in reply to another question. "Ymj cant think of 'federation' without thinking of the United States of America/' Nyerere thinks fie will see this federation in his lifetime. He sees nothing to prevent It. % Who would head such a federation? "We do not know," he says, "but the hopes of some will not be fulfilled." SINCE ISRAEL IS now giving technical asisstance to" Tangan 41 Morality is morality," he 're- yika, Nyerere was asked if this be 'yes 1 ? unity? ' "Some ftf mt friends iff not Mir fronds," he replied "hut we rfe not allow even mt frftMi to pick our enemies for Us," These last two feptie* weft taken by some reporters to b* veiled references to President Qamal Abdel Nasser of tJnited Arab Republic and other ambitious African leaders. If an East African Federation were to come • into being, Ny erere was asked if he would be willing to play second string to Jomo Kenyata, the 73-year-old Mau Mau leader recently sworn in as prime minister when Kenya received internal self-government from the British, "After what I have been saying," said the president with a shy smile, "shouldn 't the answer • * * Cape Res rt Sells 4*" 4^' ?*1t ft] SB Jim it* UK mm • v%-*;; .Til 1 i wmm. >»4 ass? CLOSE COOPERATION. An example of what as of the following Jan. 1, also the commis- may be accomplished speedily and effectively sion requested by the President. The Senate by. close cooperation between various law en- passed the bill on the following day, 43 to 28, forcement and related agencies was present- and the strike was called off. ed in Galesburg this week. By THE WASHINGTON STAFF WASHINGTON - In Hyanrtis, Mass., near* the Kennedy summer home on Cape Cod, this sign is in the lobby 'of a main street movie theater: "Fruit, Drink, 25 Cents. Delicious. Cold! Vi- gah!" HARLAN CLEVE LAND, assistant secretary of state for international organization affairs, has a trick relief map of * Antarctica in his office. Take off a transparent plastic cover and it shows what the place would look like if all the ice melted. There would be only a few mountain peaks showing above the water. "Please understand," empha- Vigah 9 by the Glassful arctic Treaty administration of a number of countries, including the United States and Soviet Russia. It's the one place on earth where 'the Russians co-operate with everybody in perfect harmony. "Wherever the population is all penguins," Mr. Cleveland explains, "we can get international co-operation. If the population is people, it's more difficult." THE DEFENSE Department has discovered that women are letters addressed to Saigon, Indonesia, or Saigon, Laos. But eventually he gets them at his station in Saigon, Viet Nam. U. S. 'AMBASSADOR John Martin, home on leave from his post in Dominican Republic, told the story of a bright young Dominican girl studying English in a class taught by his daughter. The senorita was an apt pupil and said she wished to perfect Two men, apparently transients, were The President was widely criticized for sizes Mn Cleveland, "there isn't surrendering to the Brotherhoods and found dead Friday evening in a boxcar in the charged with using a pliant Congress to influ- railroad yards here. One of the men carried ence the results of the oncoming election. But some papers, through which his identification the country was greatly relieved. was established. The other man had nothing through which his identity could be learned. After the election, however, the railroads brought suit to enjoin enforcement of the any U. S. or U. N. aid program under consideration to melt all this ice.!' But Antarctica is one of his responsibilities, since this southernmost continent is under joint Ant- use hairpins to fix things. Secretary McNaniara estimates that t he department now is saving $1,330 a year by using ordinary women's hair wave clips at two cents each in place of more complicated gadgets *at $1.35 each formerly used to prevent soldering heat from damaging transistors during manufacture. AT THE LUNCH honoring the successful American climbers of Mt. Everest, National Press Club President Bryson Rash noted that the expedition tried to locate some mementos claimed to have been left at the summit by a communist Chinese team. Since the Americans failed to turn up any trace of the communist expedition, Rash concluded: "Either the Chinese didn't climb the mountain, or Khrush- her English so she could go to chev sent Mikoyan up there to college in the United States some get rid of the evidence." HANDLING FAN MAIL from irate citizens at home is one of the newer problems of U. S. ambassadors stationed abroad. If Americans don't like the way things are going in some foreign trouble spot country, they write the U. S. ambassador to ask what's wrong and why he doesn't run things better. Some of the letter writers aren't too sure of their geography. Ambassador Frederick E. Nolting Jr„ back in Washington for con- overturned and burned, the pay sulfations recently, says he gets is $500. day. Asked about how she intended to get enough money for this, the girl replied, "Oh, I get paid for taking part in demonstrations staged by the communists." For small marches, it was learned, they pay the crowd $150. For riots where they want cars SEN. NORRIS COTTON, R-N, H., says of the Area Redevelopment program: "Tax-paid projects steered to the party faithful have always been called 'pork.* "Plain-spoken old John Garner of Texas used to boast, 'Every time a Yankee gets a pound of pork, I take a barrel fot* Texas/ Texas is one of the states that has been getting the lion's share from Area Redevelopment. "I bet old John is chuckling as he sits on his porch down in Uvalde." DEFENSE SECRETARY Robert McNamara has taken note of newspaper editorials advising,him that he would get further with Congress if he were more discreet and tactful in his attitude. He told newsmen at his last press conference he had decided to take this' advice. Therefore, he said, answering a query, he would not comment on recent statements by Rep. Earl Wilson, R-Ind., who has been conducting a one-man campaign against Pentagon spending. County authorities and railroad personnel Adamson Act. The Brotherhoods were fur- had charge of the investigation since the loca- ious. They announced a strike deadline of tion of the freight car was outside the City of March 17. President Wilson wrote both sides Galesburg. The Galesburg Police Department on March 16; "It is now the duty of every pa- entered the picture as the means of obtaining triotic man to bring matters of this sort to fingerprints. Southern JOHN CHAMBERLAIN IF OR WHEN there is a rail- Position in Rail Dispute Is Unique immediate accommodation absolutely impera- d strlke over the featherbed- Work on the fingerprints was completed Uve and seems to ™ e to render an Y other Saturday about 1 a.m. and they were dispatched to the Federal Bureau of Investigation laboratory, Washington, D.C. By mid- choice or action inconceivable." THE PRESIDENT appointed a board of morning Monday, a telegram from the FBI mediators. At their request the strike order confirmed the earlier identification of the one was postponed on March 1? for 48 hours. The ding issue, there will be one large island of relative peace in the U.S; rail transportation industry. It will be on the extensive system of the Southern Railway, which serves practically all of Dixie south of the Ohio and Potomac man and established the identity of the sec- President sent a message to both sides say- rivers and east of the Mississippi. ond. ing that, in view of the international situation, Local authorities also made use of a state he had decided in no circumstances to permit agency in an effort to determine the cause of a strike * At daybreak on the morning of death as they sent certain items to the state March 19 an agreement was signed putting crime laboratory for chemical analysis. the eight-hour day into effect. On the same No local agency is sufficient unto itself. da ^ the u - s - Supreme Court upheld the con- Some appear to be reluctant to avail them- ptitutionality of the Adamson Act. Two weeks selves of the services of other agencies. Not later the United States entered the war so Galesburg and Knox County law enforce- a S ainst Germany and the reason for the Pres- ment agencies. This week's case was not the ident ' s determination not to permit a strike first in which the FBI has been called on to became clear to all. help and was not the first time that the fed- What course Wilson contemplated was era! agency came through with pertinent in- never disclosed. But in 1946 President Tru- foymation. Likewise, the local agencies pre- man did not hesitate to ask Congress to draft viously have requested and received assist- railroad workers and in 1948 he seized the ance from the state crime laboratory. This roads,. And then, as now, the threat of a is an atmosphere for may well be grateful. « strike was not nearly so awesome as it was to a nation bound helplessly to a rail transport network. THE THREAT OF A RAIL STRIKE could be worse. Indeed, it actually was on the eve of DREAM COME TRUE. With all the problems U.S. entry into World War I, when all the na- besetting cities, it must be the sweet dream tion's bulk shipments of goods and supplies of mayors to just start building their cities all and food moved by rail, except the relatively over again on an empty plot of land. The Southern, which assured itself a good measure of safety against the ravages of "industry wide bargaining" by withdrawing from a national conference committee back in 1960, employs 18,000 people. In dealing with the five big railroad labor unions it has followed a policy of "one bite of the apple at a time." The present feeling of its president, D. W. Brosnan, is that the firemen's issue is the only one of transcendent importance to the Southern — so, accordingly, the railroad has published no notice effecting the employment conditions of engineers, conductors and switchmen. As for its argument with the firemen over the problem of their "featherbedding" on locomotives that have no fires to stoke, the Southern has reached an agreement that promises a so lution through attrition. Every fh'eman' now employed by the Southern has been guaranteed a job to natural retirement age. But the railroad has served notice that it will not hire any new firemen to replace those who die, or quit work, or are pensioned because of age, sickness or injury. LAST WINTER the Southern was indeed threatened with a strike for refusing to hire new men who are not needed for work that does not exist. The threat came from outside the Southern system, from the national firemen's organization. But an injunction kept the dispute from coming to a head — and if or when the Southern is ever "struck," it will have no connection with the troubles that are scheduled to go before, Congress for "stand and deliver" solution. Part of what might be called the single blessedness of the Southern system is the fact that its present employment of firemen and other technologically obsolescent workers does not constitute the drain on its finances that similar employment compels deal with a fragmented problem the railroads of the northeast to accept. But if special circumstances are to be considered when it comes to pushing labor policy differences to the brink of a strike, certain railroads of the northeast should be excepted from a strike call along with the Southern. It makes no sense from anybody's standpoint, whether of management or the unions, to monolithically. Take the New Haven Railroad, for example. This road, which feeds commuters into New York City and Boston and forwards a good deal of freight into New England from the West, has been in bankruptcy for a couple of years. According to recent estimates, its precarious cash posi- (Continued on page 5) i THE MAILBOX i • . Letters to the Editor REMINISCING Of Bygone Years FIFTY YEARS AGO Sunday, July 20, 1913 Mice chewing on matches was thought to have been the cause of a fire in the boarding house at 262 E. Tompkins St. Only minor damage was noted. From Pjjct • The rMlm Z" f Present The Elbert Asbury, 6 -year-old son of George Asbury of near Knoxville, was seriously injured when he fell from a hay mow in a barn. minor Who does not slander with his The Brotherhoods of engineers, conductors, firemen and trainmen, representing 400,000 employes all over the country, in 1916 precipitated one of the most dramatic contro- One former mayor is having this delight- tongue, and does no evil to his ful experience. Michael V. DiSalle, whose term of office as chief executive of Toledo, Ohio, led him into important governmental jobs and then to the governorship of Ohio, is vei-sies in railroad history by demanding the ]iving lhjs d] . e . )m come u . ue> eight-hour day and time-and-a-half pay tor overtime. (The latter was then known as He is president of a private business or •'punitive compensation.'*) The demands were ganization which is creating a brand new community, planned for 75,000 people, at Reston, Va., outside Washington. backed by a strike threat. Personal mediation failing, President Wilson offered a plan of settlement on Aug. 16, 1916. It called for concession of the eight- MAN—APT IMITATOR. It is said that science friend, nor takes up a rcproaeh against his neighbor;—Psalms 15:3. * * * I will speak ill of no man, not even in the matter of truth, but rather excuse the faults I hear charged upon others and upon proper occasions speak all the good I know of everybody—Benjamin Franklin. TWENTY YEARS AGO Tuesday, July 20, 1943 Patricia Blean of 840 E. Main St., was awarded a county scholarship, and Ethlyn Taylor of Wataga, a home economics scholarship at the University of Illinois, Draft Goldwater? Editor, Register-Mail: The Illinois Draft Goldwater r Committee wishes to expand its operations throughout our state. We would appreciate it if your newspaper could be gracious enough to inform the public in your area of our establishment. We are attempting to gain support for Sen. Goldwater through signed petitions requesting him to seek the office of President of the United States in 1964. Any individual interested in aiding in this effort may contact the committee at address given below. Contributions of one dollar by volunteers would be acknowledged and esteemed by both the national and state organizations. Campaign material has been made available by mail to volunteers. Thank you for both your time and effort. — Gerald L. Ritter, Chairman, Illinois Draft Goldwater Committee, 6310 N, Lincoln Ave., Chicago 45.' cal ideas but it stops freedom of speech with persecution and prevents a flow of fresh ideas that can be of some use to all. chael Peck, Sophomore GHS. Bullies at Parks Editor, Reigrster-Mail: I'm writing about a situation that exists at H. T. Custer Park. Young children can't go over to the swimming pool without some smart-alec young hood beating up or trying to drown them. Tonight my boy, aged 8, was hit in the eye (without serious damage) aiid his girl cousin, aged 11, had her nose bloodied by the same punk. I talked to the boy's father, who told me the boy was 13 and assured me it wouldn't Mi- happen again. This is not an isolated case, but an every-day happening at this fun place for kids. r If the city can't provide a supervised playground for normal kids, then they should plow it up and put it back in corn. The people around here are getting tired of this sort of thing and, if it isn't taken care of immediately, may have to take the situation into their own hands. Thank you very much. — Robert L. Rupert, 1319 S. Chambers St. Crossword Puzzzle Vacation Time Answer to Previous PunF# 1 John E. McDonald, Arlington Hotel, an employe of Gale Products, recovered his lost billfold found by a small boy. It contained no money. hour day by the railroads and creation by Congress of a commission to study overtime pay. The Brotherhoods accepted, but management insisted on arbitration under existing and technology have advanced mankind many centuries in this past century. Yet, have thev? Jet propulsion is new, but the squid has been jelling around the ocean bv sucking in h Q alesburg Register-Mail Office 140 Souttj Prairie Street Galesburg, lUinois legislation. On Aug. 28 it became known that and expelling water for much longer than a strike had been called to take effect on all roads on the morning of Sept. 4. man has been doing it. Radar, of a type, has been used by bats for centuries. The hummingbird is a natural helicopter, going up or down, backward or forward, or CONFRONTED with a threat of the most disastrous strike in the history of the countrv, the President went before Congress on Aug. Just hov "™g over a blo,som. 29 and asked for legislation along the lines of The scorpion's tail U a natural hypoder- his previous plan. Congress, with the Brother- mic needle. The caribou and snowshoe rab- hodds' gun cocked, had little choice. It acted l)it iiave built-in snowshoes. And abalones use rtXJiPHONfc NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-6181 Entered n s Second Class Matter at tha Post Office at Galesburg, lUi nois, under *ct of Congress 01 A? --"h 3. 1879. DaUy except Sunday Etnei Custer SchmJUi Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and General Manager M. H. t.udy Associate Editor And Director o£ Public Relations H H. Clay ..Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York. Chicago, De^ troit Boston, Atlanta, San Francisco, Los Angeles Philadelphia, Charlotte. SUBSCRIPTION RAVES By Carrier in City ot Galesburg 35c a Week 3y RFD man tn our retaU tradinj zone 1 Year $10.00 3 Months $3.dQ 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.25 No niatl suDscriptions accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier in retaU trading rone outside City ot Galesburg 1 week SQc extremely rapidly. The House on Sept. 1 ap- suction cups to attach themselves to rocks, pi-oved the Adamson Act—named for Rep. MEMTER AUDIT BUREAU CIRCULATIONS By mail outside retaU trading zone in Illinois, low a and Missouri and by motoi route in retail trading zone X Vear $13.00 3 Month* (3.75 6 Months $ 7.00 I Month $1.25 Science is man learning how to imitate William C. Adamson <D Ga.*-by a vote of the tilings he has seen around him since he ^ to 56, This authorised the eight-hour day came upon the earth. MEMBEh ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled clusivelv to the use or republication of aU the local news printed in this newspaper as weii &s ail AP news dispatches. By mail outside IlUnola Iowa and Missouri I Vear $18.00 6 Months $ 9.50- 3 Month* $5 00 \ Month $2 00 Radio, Paper Policy Editor, Register-Mail: 1 wish to criticize those people who have continually called in on the Galesburg Speaks program to gain some childish attention. These people have turned an informative program into a state of embarrassing confusion. Now that WGIL has put in substitute programs, these people are blaming the station for something that they have brought upon themselves. I do suggest that those people who do like to bring about some constructive criticism, should put it to some avail by attending our City Council meetings. I 'wish to congratulate the Register-Mail on the newspaper's new editorial policy, where that no longer can timid souls slander our public officials openly, without bases for evidence. But it should be the policy of the paper to protect our public officials and to edit the naming of names. I do disagree with the signing of our signatures at the bottom of our letter, for it not only puts certain people in ar. embarrassing situation over religious or politi" 4 ACROSS 2 Health seeker's vacation spot 4 Place for gambler's vacation 8 Huntsman's ' gadget 12 Go on vacation by 13 Vacation —— the waves 14 Magic 15 Seine 16 Liturgical garments 18 Vacationing motorists 20 Property item 21 Hay Diaz de Bivar 22 Vases 24 Reverberate 26 Sailing 27 Golf teacher 30 Bookbinding term 32 Nimbler 34 Turkish community 35 Degrade 36 Mariner's direction 37 Molding 39 Ashen 4G Plant part 41 Middling (comb, form) 42 Port-au-Prince is its capital 45 Imitate 49 Betokens 51 Numbers (ab.) 52 Adolescent year 53 Mud 54 Folding bed 55 Deer 56 Frosted &7 Summer to a freaciimOA DOWN 1 Hourglass ingredient 2 Wharf 3 Vegetable 4 Roamed 5 Always 6 Hercules/ centaur 7 Table bit 8 Lock of hair 9 Operates 10 Poker stako 11 Nuisance 17 Administer 19 Musical instrument 23 English dramatist 24 Outcasts 25 Peruses tai^[i3 BHffl@ ML-JIS] 42 Strikes 43 Dill 44 Notion 46 Simple 47 Blow a born 48 Royal Italian family nam* 50 Chevalier's friend, 26 Maxim 27 Delight (poet) 28 Genuine 29 French stream 31 Amatory 33 Constrain 38 Medical term 40 Bee's defense 41 Pondered &£WSJ>4P£& ENTERPRISE ASSK.
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