towa a place to giow Carroll Daily Times Herald Vol. 105 —No. 151 Return Postage Guaranteed Carroll, Iowa, Thursday, June 27, 1974 — Ten Pages Delivered by Carrier Boy Each Evening for 60c Per Week Single Copy Arrives for Nuclear Summit Big Moscow Turnout for Nixon MOSCOW (AP) —President Nixon arrived for his nuclear summit conference in the Kremlin today and thousands of Muscovites turned out to see him. But some of them ough bullhorns, "Not allowed! Not allowed!" The President, with Mrs. Nixon on his right, smiled and waved as he walked down the ramp of the blue and white presidential jet under bright, sunny skies. A crowd of about 400 persons was at the airport to greet Nixon. Nixon first reviewed an honor guard, which hailed him with the cheer, "We wish you health." He then heard a mili- Program Reviews to Be Asked DES MOINES, Iowa (AP)— The five institutions controlled by the State Board of Regents may have to be a bit more specific in the future when the regents ask for explanations of proposed new programs. Before the board Thursday as it began three days of meetings were proposed new "review questions" for new or expanded programs. Under current review questions, explained Robert Barak of the regents' staff, institutions often needn't be specific about funding and possible duplication of effort at other institutions. The new questions would "force the institutions to really think over any new programs, instead of operating by the seat of their pants, "Barak said. Another task facing the regents is election of a president. Mrs. H. Rand Peterson, Harlan, has been president for the past year, but state law requires the board to name a leader every 12 months. The regents will also begin to look at preliminary budget askings for the 1974-75 year for all its institutions: the University of Iowa, Iowa State University, the University of Northern Iowa, the Iowa Braille and Sight-Saving School and the Iowa School for the Deaf. A discussion of tuition policies for 1975-77 is also on schedule and has a bearing on budget askings, said Barak. tary band play the Soviet and American national anthems. Then he and his wife shook hands with some persons in the crowd, who were waving small American and Soviet flags. Brezhnev and Nixon smiled frequently and chatted with each other as they walked through the crowd, and Nixon waved several times to the well-wishers, who included a contingent from the American Embassy. Nixon then watched a brief military parade, headed into the airport lounge and prepared to motor into the city. At the President's first Moscow summit, in May 1972, the Soviets accorded Nixon a cooly correct welcome and Soviet President Nikolai V. Podgorny was the chief greeter. The Muscovites gathered near Nixon's motorcade route from the airport and waved flags. Police lined the route and open squares and in some areas moved the people into side streets. Nixon's limousine was surrounded by motorcyle policemen. White House spokesman Gerald Warren told newsmen the crowd turnout appeared larger than when Nixon was here two years ago. He said they waved American and Soviet flags which had been given them beforehand. It appeared, however, that an effort was being made to hold down the size of the crowd. Nixon was greeted by Communist party leader Leonid I. Brezhnev at the VIP Vnukovo Airport which was decked out with Soviet and American flags. Brezhnev did not come to the airport two years ago to greet Nixon. The. President hoped his visit would produce a partial ban on underground nuclear weapons tests and a slowdown Lake Popular Resort -Staff Photo Swan Lake Park is one of the prime recreation spots in the Carroll area year-around, but especially in the summertime when the temperature climbs into the 80-degree range as it did Wednesday. Along a small portion of the shoreline Wednesday there was a variety of activity including sun bathing, swimming and sailing. The shoreline is also usually dotted with fishermen. The park also provides several picnic areas, a mini-zoo and bike and hiking trails. Congress Veto Power Over President Urged WASHINGTON (AP)-The Senate Watergate committee is being asked to recommend a congressional veto power over every presidential order, directive or proclamation. Church Rejects Man, Wants Woman Pastor CHICAGO (AP) — A Chicago Methodist congregation that wants a woman pastor has rejected its bishop's appointment of a man. A member of the Parish of the Holy Covenant explained Wednesday that the congregation "felt we had to take a stand because women are not getting support" from the Methodist Church. But United Methodist Bishop Paul A. Washburnsays the congregation can't refuse the appointment because "the act is not provided for in the law of the Methodist Church." And the Rev. Charles Peterson, named to the position three weeks ago but yet to assume it, says he's marking time until the dispute is "worked out between the bishop and the church." For the past two weeks, congregation members have taken over the Sunday worship services and daily functions of the parish, says the Rev. Donald Elmer, a minister member of the congregation not assigned to the church. He says the parish first requested a woman minister this spring when its pastor of 14 years announced his retirement. "We had good experiences with several women seminarians over the past two years, and we decided having a woman pastor now would encourage women in the church," said the Rev. Mr. Elmer, whose wife is a codirector of a national Methodist group to advance women's rights in society and the church. He said the congregation "wanted someone with experience —not a woman just for the sake of having a. i woman." He said women, who make up less than 1 per cent of Methodist pastors, "have traditionally been placed in the smaller, rural churches where they have little career mobility." But the Rev. Mr. Elmer said that instead of taking the congregation's request seriously the church "kept coming up with rules and regulations" and didn't even try to find a woman pastor. Bishop Washburn maintains he "appointed the Reverend Peterson and that's where things stand." "We're at a standoff now," the Rev. Mr. Elmer said. "We've been told it's none of our business and that it's the bishop's business. We think that's wrong, but we don't want a confrontation. We want to work this out within the church." The recommendation, an attempt to end so-called "presidential law making" under the president's emergency powers, was proposed to the committee by Dr. Arthur Miller, its consultant on iss'ues raised by the Watergate scandal. The report advised that the committee recommend enactment of a law/'that will require the submission of every president's order or directive, by whatever name called, to be submitted to the Congress prior to its promulgation. The report, made available to The Associated Press by sources close to the committee, proposed this for the committee's final report: "The Select Committee further recommends that no such order or directive can have the force of law until both houses of Congress approve it by majority vote." Since hundreds and even thousands of such directives are issued in any given year, the report recommended.that Congress set up an office with the responsibility of approving routine orders. "Congress could then devote itself to consideration of only those orders of the greatest importance or impact," the report said. The report dealt mainly with ways in which Congress can reform its procedures so as to more effectively oversee the work of the executive branch. "Future Watergates maybe impossible to foresee or to prevent, but surely it is accurate to maintain that the risk of an- Congress, See Page 2 on'nuclear arms development by the two superpowers. Nixon's morning flight to the Soviet capital followed a round 'of consultations in Brussels Wednesday with America's partners in the Atlantic Alliance and the ceremonial signing of a declaration pledging wider cooperation within the alliance. Belgium's rulers, KingBau- douin and Queen Fabiola, went to the Melsbroek military airport to give the President and Mrs. Nixon a red-carpet sendoff. The Moscow summit generally was viewed as a Impeach Defense is Opened WASHINGTON (AP) - Attorney James St. Clair opened President Nixon's impeachment defense before the House Judiciary Committee today. Entering the closed hearing, he told reporters he regarded as the most serious charge the March 21, 1973, payment of $75,000 to convicted Watergate burglar E. Howard Hunt Jr. The money, St. Clair insisted, was for Hunt's legal fees and not part of the Watergate cover-up, as has been alleged by a federal grand jury. St. Glair's request that he be allowed to call six witnesses to buttress his case was rejected by the committee Wednesday. The committee agreed to call two of them but said it wants the other four interviewed first by the committee staff to see if their testimony is needed. Although the March 21 events are the focal point of St. Clair's presentation, he said he will deal with all the allegations before the committee. He presented each member with four telephone-directory sized books filled with evidence, the largest of which dealt with the Watergate cover-up. St. Clair said he expected to be able to complete his defense in two davs. An enort to win approval of St. Clair's full list of witnesses failed on a 19-19 tie vote that produced a sharp partisan split in the committee and may have influenced some Republicans to vote against impeachment. Rep. Charles W. Sandman Jr., R-N.J., who offered the losing motion to expand the witness list, said he still was undecided about how to vote. Area Forecast Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday. Lows Thursday night upper 50s. Slight chance of showers Friday, highs around 80. .Rainfall chances 20 per cent Friday. means of maintaining the momentum of the Soviet-American detente launched by Nixon's May 1972 trip to the Soviet capital and fostered by Brezhnev's return visit to the United States last year. No major breakthroughs were expected this time. Some agreements are reported ready for signing, such as one to expand commercial relations. But these.seem mainly designed to show the continuing cooperation between the two countries. Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger told a news conference in Brussels Wednesday the summit would not produce a permanent ban on offensive missiles. Until such an agreement is reached, he said, "we are prepared to continue in the arms race as long as we must." "We will never accept a strategic disadvantage for the United States," he declared. But " we do believe we have an obligation to see how the technological explosion may be moderated." Kissinger said the Soviet government is "nearly ready" to deploy some missiles carrying multiple warheads. He warned that the next 18 months will be critical for the negotiations to halt proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. ' He dismissed as "nonsense" a claim by Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash., that the administration tried to cover up a loophole in the 1972 nuclear weapons agreement permitting the Soviet Union to put 70 more missiles aboard its submarines than had been anticipated. He said the matter "never reached my desk," and the National Security Council and other agencies "constantly maintain there was no such loophole." Rev. and Mrs. Ernest W. Larsen -Staff Photo New Methodist Minister Here The new minister of the First United Methodist Church in Carroll, the Rev. Ernest W. Larsen, and his family moved here Wednesday. The minister will preach his first sermon this Sunday. Mr. Larsen and his wife Ruth have five children, Jennifer, 12, Philip, 14, Peter, 19, Mark, 21, and Mrs. Dean (Laura) Gesme, 24, Iowa City. Their two oldest sons are both students at Iowa State University. The Larsens have spent most of their lives in Iowa. The minister received a B.S. degree in social science at Morningside College and a B.S. in sacred theology and M.A. in Biblical literature from Boston University School of Theology. While in graduate school and after his ordination^ Mr. Larsen served three years as minister of a Methodist church in Maiden, Mass. Then he returned to Iowa and served three years in Fort Dodge, five years in Lake Park, seven years in Holstein, and most recently, six years at Trinity United Methodist Church .in Cedar Kapids. He is a native of Emmetsburg, and his wife is originally from Sheldon. Both grew up on farms. SEC Charges Denied by Staley, NFO Head CORNING, Iowa (AP) — Oren Lee Staley, president of the National Farmers Organization, says no false pretense was used when the NFO borrowed $7 million from its members "to build programs for collective bargaining." In a civil lawsuit filed Tuesday, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) charged the NFO with making ''untrue statements" and "omissions" in borrowing the money — and says the farmers' group is, in fact, broke. The SEC asked federal court officials in Des Moines to appoint a special counsel to conduct an a.udit of the NFO's as-' sets and liabilities to see if it is capable of repaying the $7 million. The NFO has begun a campaign to raise funds by having . its members pay delinquent dues of $75 per member per year. Staley said in an interview Wednesday that because the "dues are going to be paid, they (the government) won't have a leg to stand on." He said "members are up in arms, they don't want the government to destroy farm prices and the NFO, they are fed up with government domination of farm prices." He said 85 per cent of the loans were secured from members that were either now officers in the NFO or had been elected officers on national, state and county levels. He said 1,040 members made the loan and were told the SEC was investigating and "were told as they always have been, that the NFO doesn 't have any money.'' The government complaint says it is feared that unless the NFO is restrained and enjoined, it will continue to engage in deceptive acts and practices in connection with .its finances. Staley said the money borrowed from the members represents a relatively small amount of the total amount of back dues the members had not paid. Dues went up from $25 per person per year to $75 in 1970. However, Staley denied that the members could not afford to pay the dues. He said the NFO had received calls of support saying "It looks like the government is trying to put the NFO out of business. Fight'em." Harder to Get a Criminal Conviction Peterson Court Decision May Become Landmark By Harrison Weber Iowa Daily Press Association DES MOINES — The Iowa Supreme Court's decision ordering a new trial for Michael Peterson in connection with the death of his fiance, Jeanine Christensen, is expected to become a landmark decision. For in throwing out the manslaughter conviction against Peterson obtained in Palo Alto County District Court, the high tribunal also changed its interpretation of discovery depositions. Heretofore, depositions of witnesses could only be taken in civil cases. Now the Supreme Court says that discovery depositions may be taken of the state's witnesses in criminal cases. The decision is expected to have far-reaching effects. Raymond Sullins, head of the criminal appeals division in the attorney general's office, says the decision "blows it wide open." Ira Skinner, in charge of the area prosecutor's division in the attorney general's office, says the ruling puts Iowa at the forefront among the states in wide-open discovery depositions. "This is going to place a tremendous burden on county attorneys, "Skinner added, predicting they will' become bogged down in attending deposition sessions. If the state has 20 witnesses, this means that a defendant will have a right to take depositions from each of the 20 witnesses, which could prove to be very time consuming and costly to the counties, Skinner observed. He believes the new discovery rule could "bankrupt" the court fund in some counties and claims it will be "a tremendous additional tax burden to the people." Skinner thinks Gov. Robert Ray should consider reconvening the Legislature in special session to deal with the problem "because between now and the time the Legislature convenes in January there will be a tremendous number of cases dealing with the discovery proposition." Another problem, as Skinner sees it, is the scope of these depositions and the possible inclusion of irrelevant material. Sullins noted that the American Law Institute which, he said is known for its "generous proposal," doesn't go this far in proposing rules of discovery in criminal cases. In a case involving Delaware County the Supreme Court held that its discovery rules, which were adopted in 1957, were available only in civil cases. > Peterson's lawyers, who include former Attorney General Lawrence Scalise, challenged this interpretation and the reasons upon which it was based. The court found that the challenge was valid. Three of the nine Supreme Court justices signed a special concurrence saying they believed the whole subject of pretrial discovery in criminal cases should be thoroughly studied and such changes should then be installed by statute or rule as appear advisable. Chief Justice C. Edwin Moore and Justices Harvey Uhlenhopp and Warren Rees said they preferred this approach over the "ad hoc decisional method,'' especially since the court does not have a set of standing rules which were designed for criminal cases. The Peterson decision is the latest of four "blockbusters" in recent months by the Iowa Supreme Court affecting criminal trials. The other three involve insanity, entrapment, and previous felony convictions. In the Thomas case the Supreme Court, on a 5-to-4 decision, held that the state must prove that the defendant was sane at the time of the crime. The decision in the Mullen entrapment case means that the state must affirmatively show its agent did nothing to induce the defendant to commit the crime regardless of what the propensity might have been of the defendant to commit the crime. In the Martin case the high court held a previous felony conviction could not be used by the prosecution to question the veracity of a witness unless the previous conviction, had a direct bearing to the present charge. All in all, some observers of the statehouse scene can see a trend developing in recent State Supreme Court decisions which will make it more difficult and expensive to obtain a criminal conviction in Iowa.
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