Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 19, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Friday, July 19, 1963
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1 f ft 1* The Honeymoon's Over! Nkrum ah By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON, July 18 Ghana's Kwame Nkrumah, a self-dcificd Prime Minister-for- Life, who two years ago abolished freedom of the press, might teach the State Department a thing or two about "managed news." Just might. For Department spokesmen were something less than candid last week when they rushed to, the defense of President Nkrumah, subject of a 165-page report by the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee. Ghana's President was described by Senator Tom Dodd, acting subcommittee chairman, as a dedicated Marxist who has set up on the West Coast of Africa the continent's first Soviet satellite. Absurd, said the State Department: "In international affairs the government of Ghana follows a policy which it describes as one of positive neutralism and in furtherance of this policy has estab­ lished relations with both the Western and East*bloc countries. Ghana has not aligned itself with either grouping." A FAIt DIFFERENT story was lold by State Department irttelli* gence experts iri a comprehensive report drafted earlier this year. "Communist influence/* that report warned, "is strong in (Nkrumah's) Convention People's Party, the Ghana Trade Union Congress, youth organizations and the press/ 1 It continued: "This influence is enhanced by the close relations between Ghana and the communist states and by the important role played by left-leaning radicals within the ruling Convention People's Party and n the government. An estimated 600 Ghanaians are studying in the communist orbit. There are a larger number of visits than before of Ghanaians to the communist states and of was conferred on Nkrumah." v Nkrumah—who' fketved $130 million in U.S. foreign aid last year—has a long history of procommunist activity. As a student at Lincoln University in this country, he associated with Communist Party members as he later did in Great Britain. IT WAS THfcftE he founded a secret organization known as "The Circle," composed of persons "who are trained and en* gaged in political revolution as a profession," to" v serve /as the "vanguard for the creation and maintenance of the Union t>f African Socialist Republics." A British Commission, of Inquiry set up to investigate 1948 disturbances in Ghana (then the Gold Coast) reported: "Mr. Nkrumah has never atoan* doned his aims for a Union of African Soviet Socialist Republics and has not abandoned his foreign affiliations connected with these aims." a woftanowited sociologist who • was run out of Ghana for op* position to Nkrumah's one-man rute. Dr. Busia entered In \ record a 1957 report of the Cert* tral Committee, Communist Party of West Africa, tHt DOCUMENT contains specific instructions for all members jot the Communist Party to go \ There is a reference to Nkrumah as a comrade who "surfaced too soon/* who revealed his party leanings at too early a date. When Ghana became independent in 195? and Nkrumah its first prime minister, among those invited as official guests of the new government were British- born Cedric Belfrage, deported by this country on grounds of Communist Party membership; and Cheddi Jagan, who would later, as prime minister of British Guiana, reveal that he was a communist Nkrumah invited to Ghana for •i communist, who hat urged his countrymen to "join the Soviet Union and China and usher in a new world,*' UNDER communist personnel to Ghana. A witness before the Dodd sub- the remaining years of his life Lenin committee W. E, B. DuBois, the American Ghana point for Soviet subversion Jti Africa. "Lite Castro's Cuba, says Son. Dodd, "it carries on a propaganda campaign that would m the resources of a major country, tt trains natives of othor countries in the art* Of infiltra* tion, sabotage, terror and guer* rilla warfare. It exports artns by clandestine means to the terror* ist groups in other countries which it hds fostered and today supports.'* On the morning of Jan. 13, 1963, one of Africa's leading statesmen, Togo Republic President Sylvanus Olympio, wa$ shot to death in the streets of Lome. A few hours later, his self-advertised assassins asked for—and got—immediate support from Nkrumah's Ghana. Copyright 1963 Sh ul We an Offic ia I rs List 9 ? By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN SO WE HAVE a "Queen's Honors" list in America, or something analogous to it—an "Independence Day" honors list for creative citizens chosen to receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Twenty-nine Americans and two foreigners have already been. named as the first recipients. Well, the more honors the bet­ tors and others who work for "peace and cultural achievement 1 ' be far behind? This is not to say that the 31 first recipients of what has already been described as our "highest civilian award" are not highly deserving men and women. But why one man instead of another? And aren't there some concealed slaps in the first list? TAKE THE TWO foreigners Rocky Gambles On New Posture No political forecaster is daring to say era tic and independent voters to win the fall whether or not New York's Gov. Nelson election. Rockefeller has a really strong chance of re- Perhaps the big conservative push for couping his springtime losses in the fight for Goldvvater left Rockefeller no choice but to the 1964 GOP presidential nomination. But the m ove leftward. Certainly the right has been governor himself is not waiting for the tides quite thoroughly pre-empted by the Arizonan. A- _1 However that may be, it is clear from published indications that the governor is happier in his present posture. It is his orig- to change. In recent weeks he has taken a militant stand for powerful civil rights legislation and for expressions on this score from the gover- which enlarges the public vision of the dignity with which life can be graced and the fullness with, which it can be lived," isn't there a danger, to put it crassly, that Republicans will carry off a lion's ' share of the decorations under Republican administrations, while the Democrats — and those who have aided them — will triumph in Democratic years? If the Supreme Court, in Mr. Dooley's words, follows the election re- inal one in politics, and he seems most at turns, can the artists and inven- — - • • — -o" v * w ter, I suppose, but if medals are who were among those honored, to go out once a year from the Jcan M o n n e t, the Frenchman White House to reward "talent who has long been active in pro- nors who will assemble July 20 in Miami home "withV Beach for their annual conclave. Fundamentally, this represents no shift In his eadier attempls to W0 ° Re P ublican for Rockefeller. But in much of his political f °» se ™ a «ves, he managed to make very few utterance from mid-1962 until the time of his happy ' A good many were P re P ared to a «ept remarriage in May, he seemed to play down as [} he ™ ee , Whe " they beUeVed U,at his advocacy of civil rights action as he appealed for conservative Republican support moting a United States of Europe, is a great man—and when the people at Freedom House, an organization of private citizens in New York City, chose to honor him, I was among those who cheered. But when he is specifically selected as the recipient of an award coming from the White House at a time when President Kennedy is personally displeased with de Gaulle, the action can be considered a bit pointed, to say the least. As for Pablo Casals, the violoncellist, he is associated with a certain attitude toward Franco's Spain. Again the question of foreign policy arises: just what will be made of the selection ti Casals in Madrid? The businessmen and bankers who were among the first 31 medalists — Robert Lovett, Ellsworth Bunker, Clarence Randall, John J. McCloy — have been long on help to governmental agencies. They are all excellent men. But if we are talking about "peace and cultural advancement," maybe Roger Blough of U.S. Steel deserves a prize for standing out against government attempts to fix prices in peace time. Can you see Blough appearing on a White House list of honors for upholding the spirit of the original anti-trust act, which was supposed to prevent price fixing? After all these years Mark S. Watson, winner of a Pulitzer Prize in 1945, is honored as the among the list of 31. Watson is an estim- who have sparked significant cul- able man, but, offhand, I could tural change in recent years, why name 20 or 30 journalists whose work has been just as brilliant, although sometimes less devoted to the causes of what William Buckley and Richard Rovere call the "Establishment." There's Ruby Hart Phillips, for example, who spent so many honorable years as the New York Times correspondent in Havana. She saw through the pretentions of Fidel Castro long before others. Can you see a medal going to the likes of her at a time when certain people in positions of power and influence are smarting because- they guessed wrong on Castro's character? not Robert Hutchfns, who thinks college students should read a few of the Great Books, or Mortimer Smith of the Council for Basic Education, whose ,war on "educationese,". that barbarous trade language of half-literate teachers, has been truly inspired? Dr. Meiklejohn was a rebel in education 40 years ago. I think he deserves recognition but it r is a sobering thought if the White House is to catch up with significant rebels two generations late. We have heard a lot about the separation of church and state. I'd feel more comfortable about freedom in America if there were THE THREE prominent educa- al s0 to be a separation of culture tors on the list are Alexander and the state * If P rizes are to be given out, they should be left to voluntary bodies such as the Pulitzer Prize committee. Good men should not be tempted into cocking an eye on the political acceptability of their style or their views. Meiklejohn, ex-president of Amherst; James B. Conant, former president of Harvard; and Ralph J. Buache, now a U.N. Under Secretary. Good men, all of them. But if the White House wished to honor the educators Copyright 1963 Peace Corps: More Trouble in Capital Than Abroad prospect inevitable, but they were not real By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA)—Planned Rockefeller fans. And the wooing cost him enlargement of the U. S. Peace Evidently he has decided that the conscr- S ° me ° f his moderate to liberal backing. vative surge to the candidacy of Arizona's Corps from 7,000 to 13,000 volun- ~ , i t u- r teers overseas in the next year Today he ,s fairly close to being a free probaUy gdng to be appr J yed Sen. Barry Goldwater largely undercuts his a S ent - He can fight with the knowledge that bv Congress eventually own earlier efforts in the conservative ranks most; of tlle worst probably is behind him But right now, the New Fron- He is acting like a man who has not there- the im P act of llis remarriage, the liquor scan- tier's most successful two-year-old by yielded his presidential hopes but who has daIs > llis budget troubles, concluded they now may lie only in a course I" the next several months he should ranging from middle of the road to progrcs- team whether all this is truly behind him—or riding with him as a dead weight wherever he sivism. He is betting there arc still enough power- goes. ful Republicans, especially in the big indus- If the latter is true, then his big political trial states who, in the final test, will seek bet that the center-left is the place to be foi such a candidate as he rather than the 1964 could be a wasted wager. But if his im- avowedly conservative Goldwater. Their argu- age is somehow restored, then his gamble will ment would be, as so often before, that only be watched as one of this decade's most fas- a middle-roader could attract enough Demo- cinating political maneuvers. Neiv-Name Thieves There used to be a television game called show, but you can hardly complain when your Beat the Clock." A game in real life that paying seat-mate is putting out $7,50 or $9.90. enjoys great favor today is called "beat the system. tt Viewed lightheartedly, this is a kind of costly affairs. There are, naturally, many ways of weaseling your way into sporting events and other sporty rebellion against too many laws and Where hotels, motels, restaurants and f ~ T T ^ T T ^ rules, too much massiveness in business and night dubs are concerned, beating the sysiom government, too great an entrapment in the consists mostly of taking things that don't be- tangled thickets of modern society. long to you. A line has to be drawn here. The congressional opposition. The real Peace Corps suffers by association with these new proposals, although they're in no way related. Finally, the U. S. Peace Corps has taken a beating in Washington because it had been accused experiment is having more of promoting an International troubles in Washington than Peace Corps. They're two differ- abroad. If President Kennedy's request for an increase in the Peace Corps budget from $59 million last year to $108 million this year had gone to Congress as a separate bill, it would have sailed through with almost no opposition. But the Peace Corps appropriation is part seven of the eight-part foreign aid bill which Congress wants to cut by $300 million to $400 million. Psychologically, congressmen find it inconsistent to cut the other seven items, then, turn around and give the Peace Corps more funds. THE PEACE CORPS also has become confused in some people's minds with the proposal to create a Youth Conservation Corps, a National Service Corps which has been described as a domestic which has run into considerable the world-wide demand for this ent things. RICHARD N. GOODWIN, former White House and State Department Latin American adviser, has beeh assigned to head up an International Peace Corps secretariat. This unit rents space in Peace Corps building in Washing- ington. But its job is to pass along information about the U. S. Peace Corps to other countries which may be interested in setting type of technical assistance. Shriver estimates the total at 50,000. There just aren't that many young Americans volunteering to serve. The Peace Corps now has a file of 3,000 applications. Examinations for corpsmen will be held in 800 U. S. post offices July 20, These exams are not just for youngsters out of college, but for older volunteers, too, for there is a demand for hundreds of senior corpsmen—older people with more experience. So rigid are Peace Corps re- the quirements, however, that only one out of every six applicants is accepted for training. The REMINISCING men for the Philippines, but tht government wants 600. Peace Corps will fill only 6,000 new jobs next year. r The corps' largest project took Such stories can be repeated in 500 U. S. teachers to the Philippine Islands, each to upgrade the work of 20 native teachers. In nearly 50 countries. This is perhaps the best measure of Peace Corps success in its first two training are 150 more U. S. corps- years of operation. Qalesburg Ifegfsfer-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, IUinols TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-0101 ****-V ""-l-iWltU Jli wiling J^V |» up similar organizations of their fJt OygOlie YearS countries expressed Surely this revolt lias many harmless, fellow who backs up a truck or a station wag- * Vace ^'"l* 5, and the Honie Town amusi/ifi and even heartening manifestations. on and cleans out a room right down to the So "' ,ce Cor P s 1. is also unhappily a fact that as indulged in lavatory seats is a thief. The man who walks dy ! , yoX ^oyment trTO by many individuals, it is simply a cloak foi thievery and cheating. The scale can be grand, or it can bo very small. One of the new "sports" in the system- beating line is limited largely to New York's theater world, but it illusiraios welt the way the game is played. H is sometimes called "second-acting." You pick a musical or stage play you' out with a lamp or a television set is just proving to the management that it can be done. It isn't just the profit-making outfits that suffer the ingenuities of the svstem-beaters. In one large city, the public library loses 200,000 books a year—a tenth of its whole stock. Talk to factory managers, store man- own. Thirteen such interest at a Puerto Rico conference earlier this year. Seven European countries already have organized Peace Corps. And Israel Peace Corpsmen will take over a road-building program in Tanganyika, where 35 young American civil engineers have completed two years' service. SARGENT SHRIVER JR., U. S. Peace Corps director^ says the United States can't begin to fill FIFTY YEARS AGO Saturday, July 19, 1913 An open switch near Monmouth baseball park on the main line of the Rock Island Southern caused two interurban cars to collide, No one was seriously injured be- both Entered ?s Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under A.ct of Congress of Mn*-nh 3. 1879. Daily except Sunday. Etnei Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and General Manager M. H. Kddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H, Clay Managing Editor Nationai Advertising Representstive: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, Sac Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMTER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS ME MB Eh ASSOUlATiStf PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of aU the iocal news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES 1 By Carrier in City of Galesburg 36c a Week. 3y RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Vear f 10.00 0 Month* |3.» 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month %IM subscriptions in towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier to retail trading tone outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route ta retail trading zone. I £ ca * ll 3 5? 3 Months §3.75 6 Months $ 7,00 l Month fl^fi By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri I Vear S18.00 6 Months S 9.50 3 Months S5.00 1 Month 12.00 cause slowly. cars were moving Crossword Puzzzle want to see badly, and then .how up on 'the a f ^ COi ; strllCloin SUpply boSSeS almost an >'" sidewalk outside (he theater to wait for the * h *\* a,u1 you,U got a w ell-filled-out Picture of what "beating the system" means. Distiller Tries to first-act curtain to come down. When the crowd drifts back in. you alu.m-lor tree. Thoso who Use lhin « s - Nvitll0Ut cithor bu >'You take any empty scat YOU can imd or join or sloa!i "- ;u '° ival, - v 011 ,lk> fri,, - es ot the standees tho > MW - Tlw > 1;kk " 0l ' ve - T >P ical - at th « Of course, you never get to see the whole 1H ' ,,y U ' U>1 ' aiv tho ,olk uho 10iui blM)ks - m W a/ines and newspapers at the stands without laying out a nickel. Some muster just enough det'ianee to toss the wrinkled product carelessly back on the uile. Generally, these varied efforts are brought off with a smile and a jaunty air. The idea seems to be that in a society which has the size and weight and pace of a glacier, it can be positively therapeutic 10 dash about slashing at it with an icepick. Luckily there are still millions of Amerie*.ms who hchevo. ho\ve\ei\ that beatina the Put Scots on the Kock» SEGOVIA, Spain <l 7 PI'-A distiller here is out to scuttle the Scots—dram by dram. His weapon: good "Scotch*! whisky, brewed on the bonny braes of Segovia, and sold at less than half the price i$2> of whisky imported from Scotland t$4.67*. The new whisky, 10 years in the making, is called "DVC." It cost Spanish industrialist Nieomedes Garcia Gomez nearly miJJiun. impo it went on sale in Madrid recently and *> Mom ™ca:\ robbing it. that vibrant "Andy" Gill, former Indiana University football star, and athletic coach at Lombard College, quit to accept a similar position at Albion College in Michigan. TWENTY YEARS AGO Monday, July 19, 1943 Lucian C. Answw to Prtvfous Puiito CB&Q Sprague, railroader a former in Galesburg, was named president of the reorganized M.& St.L, Railroad. Mrs. Marie Barstow was installed president of the DeMolay Mothers 1 Circle at a meeting held at the home of Mrs. Lulu Tate, 1319 N. Broad St. The Almanac By United Press International Today is Friday. July 19. the 200th day of 1963 with 165 to follow. The moon is approaching its new phase. The morning stars are Jupiter and Satura. The evening star is Mars. On this day in history: In 1848, at the first * woman's rights convention, bloomers were introduced, a radical departure in women's dress. ' In 1870, the Franco-Prussian War began. Aottle in price indi\iduahry can find defiant voice by means wholly ho.'iui/b-e and decent. i ACROSS 1 Populace 6 Electors 12 Manifest 13 Us capital is Itoma 14 Clothier 16 Neckband 17 Direction 18 Nautical (ab.) 20 Arabian flight's character 21 Mass of people 24 Masculine name 26 Excited 30 Edible mushrooin .32 Short ball (cricket) 33 Relish (pi.) ! 35 Turns over 36 Fogged 38 Plavthing 39 Close by 42 Rebel (ab.) 45 Rake 46 Tree 49 Attain success 52 Pampas cowboy 54 Tie 55 Water vapor 56 Landed property 57 Slow (music) DOWN 1 Venetian magistrate 2 Boy's name 3 Simple 4 Sphere 5 Typist (slang) 6 Triumph 7 Ear (cojufr. form) 8 Palm fibre s Girri mm 10 Persian coin 11 Hindu garment 15 Sheep 19 Hindu goddess 21 Contemporary 22 Corner 23 Guarantee 24 Droop 25 Great Lake 27 Fisherman's hut 2a Slimy 29 Doctors (ab.) 30 Rabble 31 Dodecanese island 34 Hide 37 Philippine tree 40 Drag caeca wane tdti@ ESfSGD 41 Smallest 42 Lineage 43 Goes astray 44 Disreputable child 46 Maple genus 47 Food tish 48 Man in general 5Q Yellow bugle Plant SI Reservoir 53 lizard eenm

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