Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS "He Thinks HE'S Got Problems!" Tuesday, June 25, 1974 Solar Enery There is an aura of inescapable logic about a power company's judgment that solar heating and cooling will become steadily more competitive with conventional energy sources over the next several years. This logic springs from the circumstance that while oil, gas and electricity prices continue to rise, "solar collector costs will decrease as a result of design and manufacturing improvements." The quoted passage is from a report by Westinghouse Electric Co. to the National Science Foundation — one of three from separate firms which have NSF grants to study solar heating and cooling. The Westinghouse study notes that whereas such systems are not now economically competitive with oil or gas systems, they seem likely to become so in 10 or 15 years. The study predicts that half a century hence solar heating and cooling of houses and other structures will save more oil daily than is presently consumed as fuel by the nation's automobiles. Another of the reporting companies, General Electric, stressed another important aspect of this prospective development: it will sharply cut environmental pollution. The projection is that by the year 2000 solar cooling and heating will significantly reduce radioactive wastes besides cutting solid wastes by some 20 million tons and pollutive air emissions by about 430,000 tons. All this bespeaks the more strongly the importance of stepping up research and development — and not only in direct solar heating and cooling but also with regard to the generation of electrical energy by the sun's heat. Underrating the significance of this field of energy development would appear to be a serious misjudgment. FBI Evaluation It is good to know that the FBI's intelligence-gathering policies and operations are to be subjected to "an independent look" carried out "in a serious, comprehensive, scholarly way." There has long been need for such an evaluation, particularly in light of governmental threats to privacy which have aroused concern. The agency's director, Clarence M. Kelley, is to be commended for having invited an outside expert to conduct such an investigation. This willingness to subject the FBI to scrutiny is something new. When the late J. Edgar Hoover was director he resisted anything of the sort. He was critical of the 1971 academic conference on the FBI at Princeton University, for example, and refused to send representatives of the agency. The political scientist who is to conduct the study, John Elliff of Brandeis University, took part in that conference and has written a good deal about the FBI and the Justice Department. As Kelley notes, Elliff "has demonstrated in his earlier research that he has a thorough understanding of many facets of the Bureau." Kelley also has made the welcome promise that Elliff's findings "will receive serious consideration by the Bureau." This will be a significant advance over the historic policy of resistance to outside examination. Especially since Professor Elliff will be free to publish his work, the prospects are that the public will in time be given a closer look than ever before at FBI operations. Noise Control Thers is at last some movement in the area of curbing the noise output of vehicles that are so much a part of our daily lives. The Environmental Protection Agency has started the ball rolling with an announcement that it will propose control standards for two major sources of urban noise: portable air compressors and trucks ranging from medium to heavy-duty size. This, we are told, is only the start. The EPA also has identified 20 other product categories in which it may impose noise control regulations. Among these are buses of various kinds, passenger cars, motorcycles, snowmobiles and other off-road vehicles. There is no doubt that all contribute in some measure to the noise that has become a more and more insistent factor in modern life. Studies are under way to single out the worst offenders. The end result will be a wide-ranging set of regulations meant to keep a reasonably effective lid on the racket. The sooner such curbs are put into practice, the better for all of us. Health Crash Diets Risky Bv Lawrence K. Lamb, M.I) Advice Husband Vacations Alone By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: I can't believe I'm actually writing a letter to Dear Abby! Wow, what a corny trip! I know you're not "God," but you say a lot in a few words and your answers make sense, so here goes: I'm a 34-year-old married woman with two kids and a million problems. The biggest is my marriage. It's going downhill fast. My husband and I fight all the time. We've got money problems, in-law problems, he says I'm a lousy housekeeper and he's right, and I say he spends too much time with "the boys" and not enough with me and the kids. (He's a sports freak.) We can't even discuss our problems without ending up in a fight. The only thing we've got going for us is sex. That's terrific, but you can't stay in bed all the time. Don't tell me we need "counseling." He'd never go. And I can't afford a shrink, so forget that. All right, Abby. you've got all the answers. Answer this one. MISERABLE DEAR MIS.: The answer I have for you, you won't like. You need professional counseling. (Friends are a waste of time. They tell you only what they think you want to hear.) You say your husband won't go? Well, go alone. If you learn how to handle your husband, you will know more than you know now. And with luck, you can get him to go later. If you need a shrink and can't afford Homemoking Breaking Thread Bv Polly Cramer POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — I wish some reader would tell me how to cut out a round floor-length tablecloth. I have tried and failed so many times and! do think they look so pretty. — MRS.J.D.W. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is with those colleges that start classes in mid-August. My two sons work in resort areas to earn their tuition and expenses for college. Some employers will not hire students who cannot work through Labor Day. This is making it increasingly hard for young people to find summer jobs that are scarce. — MRS. H.W. DEAR POLLY Like Pat, I too, had trouble with the thread breaking (due to the new lightweight spools) when sewing on my machine. To solve this I put a couple of iron washers on top of the spool to add weight. — MARY R. DEAR POLLY — and Pat — Sewing too fast can cause the machine bobbin to jump up and hang to break the thread. The wrong kind of needle or thread also can cause trouble. One thing few think of is that tiny slit in one end of the spool that catches the end of the thread. Turn the spool so the thread does not pass over this slit end. Or, cover it with tape and see if the thread continues to break.—ALICE. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is with the makers of bobby pins. I appeal to them to make some pins without rubber tips for those of us with allergies. For four years, since cutting my hair short, I have pinned it up nightly and been plagued with an itchy, festered scalp and an excessive loss of hair. I spent a small fortune on doctor's bills and shampoos but with no results. The medicos were baffled and I was miserable. Two months ago I became aware of those tiny rubber tips. I burned them off five dozen pins with a lighted candle and my problem was solved. — P.G.P. one, your Family Service or Welfare Department can provide that at a price you CAN afford. Now get going, and let me hear from you in 30 days. DEAR ABBY: I was a very happily married woman until I went to this mind reader. She told me that my husband was on drugs and also that he was unfaithful to me. I asked my husband about this and he denied it. I want to believe my husband because we have two kids, and I don't want to break up my marriage. Abby, why would that mind reader say something like that if it wasn't true? I don't know what to believe. Can you help me? MESSED UP MIND DEAR MESSED UP: I'd believe my husband. I would also stay away from "mind readers." DEAR ABBY: Tell me something. Do I have a right to complain? We've been married for 14 years, and for the last ten years my husband has taken a 10-day skiing vacation without me. I couldn't go because I had no one to leave the kids with. I took one vacation without my husband-five years ago. I went to Florida for a week to visit my folks, and I took my kids with me. Some vacation! My husband says: "Just because YOU have to stay home doesn't mean I have to." Rah, rah, for women's lib! ANGRY DEAR ANGRY: You made your first mistake when you stayed home with the kids while hubby took to the slopes. They're his kids too, aren't they? The squeaking wheel gets the grease, so give him three choices: (1) The whole family takes a vacation together — kids included. (2) You and hubby vacation together and farm the kids out. (3) You and hubby vacation together, and hire somebody to stay with the kids. DEAR DR. LAMB—I am a 17- year-old girl and have a weight problem. A year ago I weighed less than 100 pounds. Now I weigh 138 pounds. To get under 100 pounds I went on a diet which my parents thought was a sensible diet lots of protein, no desserts, lots of vegetables and fruits, only the good things for me, I thought. Three months later I was slim, but had developed a foot drop. To make a long story short, I was in and out of doctor's offices and hospitals several times before they decided it was caused by a sudden weight loss. After that I started eating normally, plus started taking vitamins to correct the foot drop. I also got a job after school. Right now my foot drop has been corrected, but I am overweight. My grandparents seem to think that my job has something to do with this problem. The place where I work is a quick food take-out establishment and 75 per cent of the food prepared is fried. My grandparents claim that being around all that cooking oil has caused it to penetrate my body, causing me to be overweight. I am trying to diet again and cut down on my eating, but have had no success. Your help will be greatly appreciated. DEAR READER—No, you won't get fat from cooking oil penetrating the body. The only way calories penetrate the body is by way of the mouth on their way to the stomach. You can't inhale calories either. If your foot drop was because of weight loss it must have been associated with lack of thiamine (vitamin B12 ) or from pressure on nerves to the leg in some mechanical way. The latter seems unlikely. Thiamine does help in such problems. A number of overly restricted diets are deficient in thiamine. A young, active girl, often still growing and developing, ilv Times Herald 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W.WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B.WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor JAMESB.WILSON,. Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Off icial Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week .,...$ .60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year...: $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per year .,...$23.00 All Other Mail in the United States, pet year $27.00 BERRY'S WORLD © 1974 by NEA, Inc. "01 course, I realize that nothing is permanent, but our relationship was going into the THIRD WEEK!" should never be on a diet that causes her more than a steady weight loss of two pounds a week — and a loss of only one pound a week is much better. It's slow but safe and trains you how to eat so it doesn't come back. Try again, but be sure you are still getting enough calories to lose weight only gradually and that your diet contains enough vitamins and minerals. For more information on losing weight, write to me in care of this newspaper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019, and ask for the booklet on losing weight. Send 50 cents to cover costs. DEAR DR. LAMB—I have read that certain vitamins can make your hair return to its original color. Can you tell me what this vitamin is and how much to take to obtain the desired result, or even some improvement in the color? I have also seen a doctor on T.V. who said that his brown hair was a result of his taking vitamins, otherwise, it would have been white. DEAR READER—This idea is completely without scientific foundation. There is nothing in any vitamin that will return your hair to its natural color. About the only way the man on T.V. could have brown hair because of taking vitamins would be if he was wearing a wig after having lost all of his hair from taking toxic doses of vitamin A. Barbs A pretty girl at a cookout is a "barbecutie." Sesame seeds were invented by people who never wore dentures. What Do You Say? By Tom Tiede Pearl Buck once told me that her most burdensome worry as a writer was "trying to say something which hasn't been said before." This dread is shared by many in the communications craft and as I contemplate the movement of my personal pen to Washington, where surely by now everything has been said, probably many times, I reflect on Buck's words with particular concern. Figurative speech is both lofty and low art in the Capital, and few have been the residents who haven't contributed. Abigail Adams observed that the natives of Washington "have too many high sounding words, and too few actions that correspond with them." Barry Goldwater is said to have later institutionalized Mrs. Adams' thought when he was quoted as mumbling: "I think any man in business would be foolish to fool around with his secretary — if it's somebody else's secretary, fine." So citizens have learned, during two centuries of Washington whispers, to follow the advice of the early John Mitchell: judge us for what we do, not what we say. I believe that the meaningful truths of Washington have been spoken by those with nothing to win nor lose from Viewpoint rhetoric. I recall a G.I. in Vietnam who told me of the rubber contraceptives that were being used in the brothels of Saigon; they were emblazoned with full-color stars and stripes and the new soldier said glumly: "At least the flag protects us from something." I don't mean to demean the Republic here. True, I confess the opinion that the necktie of blind patriotism strangles clear thinking. I also agree with Karl Marx who wrote that government will do everything for the poor but get off their backs; but I side, too, with Marx's mother, who is said to have remarked of her son: "If Karl, instead of writing a lot about capital, had made a lot of it ... it would have been much better." In short, I cherish America and its peculiarities, but I'm aligned first with the human condition; if we don't survive we don't do anything else. As a Washington correspondent I intend to concentrate my efforts on reporting what government is doing to the people rather than for them. President Nixon's communications chief. Ken Clawson, is currently issuing periodic propaganda proclamations in defense of his man — one concerns a report on how busy and involved the President is these days — but that kind of Madison Avenue claptrap will receive no airing by me. A President, after all, is supposed to be busy and involved. Oil Tax Breaks Bv Ray Cromley An incredibly stupid tax policy over the last decade has cost us dearly in jobs exported, in lost purchasing power and in vulnerability to foreign economic boycotts. Despite heated congressional debate, the policy continues. As is well known, the oil-rich nations label as "taxes" much of what they charge U.S. companies for oil. These payments therefore are not treated merely as deductions on corporate income, but "dollar-for-dollar" income tax payments. They are so credited by the Internal Revenue Service against what these corporations would otherwise owe the U.S. government. Since these payments quite frequently are greater than an oil company's local profits after depletion and other allowances, the large American concerns typically pay no tax at all on their foreign operations, according to research by a team working at the Brookings Institution. The companies usually end up with excess tax credits. Over the years, U.S. petroleum firms have accumulated large amounts of such "vouchers." They are currently building up at a steep rate because of the enormous jump in the price paid for oil. One can argue whether this considerable tax break is good or bad. What is destructive to the interests of the American consumer is not the tax break itself (which may help to keep oil prices down) but these excess tax credits which, by law, cannot be used in the United States. This wrinkle in the law penalizes these firms if they do not use their foreign profits to make further investments abroad, rather than in the United States. For if they invest abroad, and only if they do so, these tax credits, liberally used, can insure that these new foreign investments in turn can be made virtually free from U.S. taxes. These provisions of U.S. law seem calculated, the Brookings men say, to inspire investment in Caribbean refineries and in tankers registered in Liberia, Honduras and Panama — rather than investments to increase this country's domestic output of energy. It is a clear subsidy of foreign investment at the expense of the U.S. economy. Moveover, this policy encourages the growth of large, vertically integrated multinational companies in conflict with our antitrust objectives. It is customary to blame the oil companies for this mess; but it was Congress which voted the laws. If the rules were changed so that these foreign taxes would be credited as excise tax payments, that is, as normal deductions on income rather than as income tax payments, it would mean but a small increase in yearly U.S. government collections. Estimates run from $100 million to $200 million overall.
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