Iowa a place B grow Carroll Daily Times Herald Vol. 105 — No. 148 Return Postage Guaranteed Carroll. Iowa. Monday, June 24, 1974 — Twelve Pages Delivered by Carrier Boy Each Evening for 60c Per Week Single Copy Bid for Grand Jury Evidence Court Postpones Nixon Decision WASHINGTON (AP) —The Supreme Court today deferred action on President Nixon's request for the evidence which led the Watergate grand jury to name him as an unindicted co-conspirator. The court said it will consider this question, along with other Watergate-related matters, at a hearing it has already scheduled for July 8. The main questions to be argued by attorneys at that time are: —Whether the President is entitled to claim executive privilege in connection with White House tapes and documents which special prosecutor Leon Jaworski seeks for the Watergate cover-up trial. —Whether the Watergate grand jury had the power to name the President as an unindicted co-conspirator. Nixon had sought access to the grand jury's evidence, and asked that it be placed before the Supreme Court, to buttress his claim that the grand jury exceeded its authority. In a motion filed with the court last week, the President's attorneys sought access to "all transcripts, tape recordings of presidential conversations, grand jury minutes and exhibits" and other material bearing on the grand jury's decision. They also asked that the evidence be made part of the record the court will consider in its review of Watergate-related matters. The court has agreed to consider Nixon's claim of executive privilege for the tapes and documents, along with the question of whether a federal grand jury had the authority to name an incumbent president as co-conspirator. Special prosecutor Leon Jaworski told the court Nixon had "failed to meet the high standards imposed by the courts before grand jury material will be released." WASHINGTON (AP) -The Supreme Court today ruled that juries do not have unlimited authority to decide what is obscene in their communities. A unanimous court determined that the film "Carnal Knowledge" is not obscene and overturned the conviction of a Georgia theater operator who showed it. In a related 5-4 decision, the court ruled in a California case that a brochure advertising "The Illustrated Presidential Report on the Commission on Obscenity and Pornography" was hard-core material which can be banned under a federal mail law. Justice William H. Rehnquist, who wrote the court's opinions in both cases, said guidelines delivered in five landmark cases a year ago were not meant to give juries absolute freedom to ban movies and other materials as obscene. He recalled that the court last year "made it plain that ... 'no one will be subject to prosecution for the sale or exposure of obscene materials unless these materials depict or describe patently offensive hardcore sexual conduct.' " The court viewed "Carnal Knowledge," a film which gained wide critical acclaim, and concluded that it did not "depict sexual conduct in a patently offensive way," Rehnquist said. "While the subject matter of the picture is, in a broader sense, sex, and there are scenes in which sexual conduct including 'ultimate sexual acts' is to be understood to be taking place, Iowa's Mood: Cynicism, Trust in Goodness By The Associated Press Startling revelations of wrongdoing in high places have spawned cynicism among some lowans, but reinforce an abiding trust in basic goodness'among others. many leaders believe. Sen. Dick Clark, D-Iowa; Iowa State University economist James Stephenson and Ottumwa service station operator Jack Everett are among those who sense extreme distrust. But University of Iowa President Willard Boyd, Des Moines Register and Tribune Managing Editor Ed Heins and Winterset First Baptist Church Pastor H.E. Borum see an opposite trend. Voters in the Dark on Transit LOS ANGELES (AP)-It is less than five months until a billion-dollar mass transit proposal goes to Los Angeles voters, who still have no idea what they'll be asked to approve. Planners hired by the Souther California Rapid Transit District began drafting a proposal 20 months ago, but their conclusions are only vaguely defined. They say that buses would serve only as interim modes of transportation in auto-oriented Los Angeles until the county could establish some sort of rail system. But what form that long-range system should take is the mystery. Exclusive bus-lanes in the city and on the freeways are fine, but limited, the planners said. Los Angeles' ultimate Congress is suspect now, Clark believes, and it is "somewhat bothersome" to be part of an institution in which people are not confident. "I was in the Des Moines airport not long ago," Clark recalled, and a stranger struck up a conversation. "He was very nice for five seconds," Clark said, but then the man declared, "I think all you guys in there (Congress) are nothing but a bunch of damn crooks.' " When Clark pressed him for details, the man admitted, "It isn't just you, it's all of you.' " But people who speak to Dr. Joseph Frease, secretary of the Lutheran Church in transportation needs are for a stationary rail system. Voters will be asked to write a blank check for an $8 billion to $10 billion proposal which may range from something like San Francisco's BART network to a transportation idea not yet off some designer's drawing board. Legislation passed last year provides that the November ballot issue be divided into two separate proposals. If both pass, a one-cent countywide sales tax increase would be implemented. Half of each cent would provide local funds—which the federal government would supplement with 80 per cent of costs— for transit changes. The other half-cent would be plowed into existing bus systems to continue the county's 25-cent fare pilot program through mid-1978. Estimates are that the ballot measures would provide about $200 million in annual additional revenues, with the promise of more federal funds. America Iowa Synod, "have expressed their feeling that they trust the men who represent us in government. . .who represent the Iowa constituency." The clergyman also believes that "we still have confidence in people we meet day by day." In Ottumwa, people are "scared to death" about the future," says Everett, who is president of the Iowa Independent Gasoline Dealers Association. Everett's friends "have a very bad opinion of government it's shot. "It's a known fact," Everett continued, "that the rich get by with murder on taxes—by Disaster Centers to Be Set Up DES MOINES, Iowa (API- President Nixon has declared the State of Iowa a federal disaster area, according to Dick Gilbert, an aide to Gov. Robert Ray. Gilbert said federal officals are in Iowa and would set up centers throughout the state Monday afternoon. He said the first center would probably be in Ankeny, which was hit by a tornado Tuesday night. Ray met with federal disaster officials in Kansas City Friday and told them he wanted a federal disaster declaration right away, said Gilbert. Ray was told the declaration would be issued within 24 hours, added Gilbert. The governor had initially requested that 36 counties which had been hit by severe storms during much of May and into June be declared disaster areas. In a letter to President Nixon June 7, Ray cited "large-scale flooding" in portions of east central and southeastern Iowa. At that time Ray said total damage in the 36 counties amounted to $12,566,361. Damage to agricultural land was placed at $9 million. Just a week later, Ray asked that six additional counties be added to the list as heavy rains continued to flood the state. Last Tuesday, tornadic Hair-Raising — Talk about, hair-raising, a moustache version is accomplished by a mini-marvel of the electronic age. Pushing up Jeffrey Spahr's exuberant facial foliage puts only two-grams strain on an ultra-low-force miniature switch, but it's enough to activate the device, used in copying machines, programmers, timers and the like. The V3 switch is produced in Freeport, 111., by Honeywell. using loopholes. Take the oil depletion allowance—my God! That's worth millions to them." Ottumwans have lived with strikes and the closedown of a major employer, so "If they have a nickel, they're going to hold onto it." Traffic,rolling by Everett's station has diminished by as much as 50 per cent in recent months, and he believes that is because residents are driving less. His station is getting only 75 per cent of the gasoline delivered in May, 1972, "and I can't even sell that." But if there is widespread cynicism, President Boyd cannot detect it. "I don't find lowans cynical— I think they're quite optimistic about the future and are going about it in a positive manner." Boyd has been involved in Iowa 2000—a major effort to plan for Iowa's future decades ahead. People working on the project demonstrate a hopeful mood, he said. "I just don't believe we can afford the negativism of doing nothing but criticizing the leadership and passing the buck for our own personal inactivity." Prof. Stephenson is "very cynical about things—that's a political rather than an eco- Mood.See Page 2 Honor Firemen — The Audubon volunteer fire department recently was honored by the Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben, Omaha civic organization, with one of its good neighbor awards. The 40-man volunteer department was cited for its service to the community and its high degree of proficiency. Joe Lindholm of Audubon, an Ak-Sar-Ben "ambassador," nominated the firemen for the award, and he presented the plaque to Fire Chief Cliff Petersen (right), at a Chamber of Commerce steak fry this week. winds swept through central Iowa, leaving two Ankeny residents dead and causing extensive damage to businesses, residences and farmsteads. Destructive winds of up to 85 miles an hour lashed through eastern Iowa Thursday night and Friday, strewing debris over wide areas and causing one death. Severe weather again plagued north central Iowa Friday night and Saturday, resulting in two electrocutions and one drowning. No dollar estimate has been made on damage caused by storms last week. the camera does not focus on the bodies of the actors at such times," he continued. In the 1973 cases, the court rejected the application of a national standard defining punishable obscenity and said instead that prosecutors may move against films and other material on the basis of community standards. The ambiguity of community standards produced confusion in courts, and the Supreme Court did little to clarify it today. In the Georgia case, the court noted that its 1973 decision suggested that material showing or describing normal or perverted sexual intercourse, masturbation, and excretory functions was within the range of punishable obscenity. "While this did not purport to be an exhaustive catalog of what juries might find patently offensive, it was certainly intended to fix substantive constitutional limitations, deriving from the First Amendment ...,' Rehnquist said. WASHINGTON (AP) -The Supreme Court today refused to extend the right to vote to felons who have served their sentences. The court, by a 6-3 decision, overturned a California Supreme Court ruling that it was unconstitutional to disenfranchise that state's 100,000 ex-felons unless they were in prison or on parole. There are 27 states which disenfranchise ex-felons. Justice William H. Rehnquist, speaking for the majority, disagreed with the conclusion of the California court that such a prohibition denies equal protection of the laws to convicts who have served their time. N-Test by Britain Revealed LONDON (AP) - Britain conducted a nuclear test a few weeks ago. Prime Minister Harold Wilson told the House of Commons today. He said the experiment took place within the framework of the partial test-ban treaty of 1963 and the non-proliferation treaty of 1968. Wilson was replying to questions from left-wing lawmakers of his own Labor party. They were angered by a press report over the weekend saying Britain was about to explode a nuclear device at the U.S. underground nuclear testing range in Nevada. They claim any nuclear testing by Britain goes against Labor party policy, as decided by its annual conference last year. A motion was passed then agreeing to scrap all nuclear bases in Britain, including the Polaris submarine bases in Scotland. -Staff Photo Medical Aide — Randy Lengeling, second year medical student from the University of Iowa, works in various departments at St. Anthony Hospital, including the lab. Looking at other aspects of the community than the role of the physician, he assists in surgery, makes rounds with the doctors and examines X-rays through a cooperative program with the University of Iowa. Medical Sludent Learns at Hospital "I wanted to know how small town Iowa medicine worked instead of high power medicine that is research and specialty-oriented at the university,'' Randy Lengeling, second year medical student from the University of Iowa working at St. Anthony Hospital, said Monday. Lengeling, son of Mr. and Mrs. Delmar Lengeling of Carroll and a 1970 Kuemper graduate, received his bachelor of science degree from the University of Iowa while finishing his first year of medical school. He is participating in a 10-week optional cooperative program, Medco, aimed at giving the student a rounded patient-oriented experience before he is confronted with clinical medicine during his third semester. Lengeling has been observing and assisting surgery, making rounds with doctors, examining X-rays, working in the lab and participating with the ambulance service. "I'd probably never do some of these things unless involved in a program like this," Lengeling said. "We like to relay to the students the fine quality of medicine available in a hospital like this and introduce the students to a smaller community," Robert Blincow, administrator said. "Because of this program, I'm looking at the family practice more objectively but enjoy all surgery in general but am open on the field I will choose," he said. Recover Body of Patterson The body of Clare LeRoy Patterson, 20, of Auburn, has been recovered from the Little Sioux River near Cherokee. Authorities said Patterson, a voluntary patient at the Cherokee Mental Health Institute, had been missing for eight days. The body was recovered Patterson, See Page 2 Area Forecast Fair and cool through Tuesday. Lows Monday night upper 50s. Highs Tuesday 76 to 82. United Way Invites Agencies to Apply Invitations have been mailed to all health, welfare, and recreation agencies now conducting campaigns in Carroll to apply for admission to the United Way of Carroll, Robert Feldmann. president of the United Way of Carroll. Inc.. announced Monday. United Way of Carroll was formed in an attempt to establish a more orderly way of fund-raising in Carroll and at the same time more effectively meet the goals and needs of the various agencies needing funds. The United Way approach is to conduct one campaign yearly — that being in the fall with the first such campaign to be held in Carroll the last week in October. Feldmann stated that several worthy organizations may not have received an invitation but still may be eligible to join the United Way. Requests to affiliate with the United Way of Carroll should be mailed to United Way of Carroll. Inc.. c c Carroll Chamber of Commerce' Box 307. Carroll. Iowa. Requests for affiliation must be in the Carroll office by 4 p.m. Wednesday. July 17th. Year Shaping Up as Worst Ever for Tornadoes WASHINGTON (AP) — From the standpoint of severity, 1974 is shaping up as possibly the worst tornado year in American history. U.S. government weathermen blame the numerous twisters on especially capricious antics of one of the two high-altitude "jet streams" that help control America's weather. In response to queries from The Associated Press, the forecasters said: —There have been 371 deaths and possibly 5,000 injuries so far this year from 658 twisters that have struck in all but 14 states, causing losses in property, crops and animals unofficially estimated at close to $500 million. The death toll so far is the worst since the 450 recorded for the same span in 1953. —Numerically, the 1974 total of tornadoes could exceed last year's new record of 1,109—a total that led the U.S. National Weather Service to call 1973 "The Year of the Tornado." The only hope that the numerical record won't be exceeded lies in the fact that the peak months for tornadoes—April, May and June—have essentially passed. But meteorologist Allen Pearson, director of the Weather Service's National Severe Storms Forecast Center at Kansas City, Mo. says that even if the numerical record of last year is not exceeded, many of this year's tornadoes have been "a lot more severe" than those of last year. Pearson said they may be the worst of all years past, although comparisons with prior years are not yet complete. "For example, on April 3 this year—the worst single tornado day so far this century, with 93 storms reported —tornadoes cut pathways totaling 2,000 miles long in 14 states. "That compares—on just a single day, remember—with a pathway of 5,300 miles last year for 1,109 tornadoes in all but four states for the entire year." For all of 1972, he said, the tornado pathway from 740 tornadoes was 2,400 miles. "To put it another way, the average tornado in 1974 has been running for 10 miles on the ground—compared with about five miles last year. And the worst tornado from that standpoint so far this year—the one that struck Guin, Ala., on April 3— ran for about 150 miles on the ground," Pearson said. " He added these figures: —The death toll is 371 this year, compared with 65 for the same period in 1973, which had a total death toll of 87. —So far in 1974, the only states that have not had tornadoes are: Alaska, Utah, Rhode Island and Washington-the only ones to escape last year-plus Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maine, Montana, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Vermont, Oregon and Wyoming. Pearson said the April 3 tragedy—and the unusual number of twisters throughout the spring—were caused mainly by the unusual antics of the so-called "sub-tropical jet stream," one of two undulating rivers of rapidly moving air, hundreds of miles wide and 20,000 feet deep that whirl eastward around the northern hemisphere at an altitude of five to nine miles.
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