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Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Friday, June 21. 1974 D. O.'s Mark 100 Members of the osteopathi.c profession, which observes its centenary this month, might well say that the first 100 years were the hardest. It was on June 22,1874, that a frontier physician named Andrew Taylor Still presented what was then a radical concept to the medical profession. He proposed that rather than treat specific disease symptoms, doctors should learn more about the interdependence of the body's systems, particularly the musculoskeletal system, and minister to the whole body. He was summarily dismissed from his position at Baker University in Baldwin, Kansas. But although the medical establishment rejected him as a "cultist," individual physicians began adopting his techniques. By 1892, Dr. Still had founded his own medical school and was awarding Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine —D.O. — degrees. Only in recent years, however, have osteopaths achieved full acceptance in the medical community. One of the last holdouts was the military services, which refused to draft D.O.s as physicians in World War II. Osteopaths are now given full recognition under all federal programs. There are seven colleges of osteopathic medicine in the United States today, and while osteopaths comprise only five per cent of the nation's doctors, they care for 10 percent of the population. This is because of osteopathic medicine's traditional emphasis on general practice. More than 75 per cent of all D.O.s are in general practice; approximately the same percentage of practicing M.D.s are in some-specialty area. Osteopathic physicians are licensed to practice in all 50 states. In many instances, D.O.s and M.D.s are examined by the same state licensing boards. The educational requirements and training of the two professions are virtually the same, but with osteopaths having the added dimension of training in disorders of the musculoskeletal system and in manipulative therapy. Today, there are more similarities than differences between D.O.s and M.D.s. In fact, it is now official policy of the American Medical Association to assimilate osteopathic physicians into the M.D. mainstream. Many D.O.s, fiercely proud of their separateness, are resisting this new "ecumenism," though — after 100 years — they welcome cordial relations with M.D.s. Runoff Danger Research periodically brings forward new causes for concern about the healthfulness of the human environment. This troublesome phenomenon has just been illustrated anew in a report from the White House Council on Environmental Quality. Street runoff, we now learn, pours massive amounts of toxic metals into surface waters. The adjective is no exaggeration. Lead, mercury and other poisonous substances accumulate in great quantity on our streets and are washed away when it rains. As an example the Council notes that a year's runoff in a city the size of Washington, D. C., may contain more than 300,000 pounds of lead. The same runoff, it is calculated, probably includes 425,590 pounds of zinc, 120,450 pounds of copper, 12,848 pounds of mercury, and quantities of other metals. No Subversives Viewpoint Milk Contributions By Ray Cromley *•«? <D Advice MMMMMBMB^B* Reasons for Attending Church By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: I am -41 and my boyfriend is 43. We've gone together for six months, and have been considering marriage. We've both been married and divorced. I have worked for 23 years and have some money in the bank. Probably more than he has. Out of curiosity mostly, 1 asked him if I could borrow $200. He said. "Yes. but you will have to sign a note." When I showed surprise, he added. "It wouldn't matter if it was my sister or brother. Homemaking When it comes to money. I want a note." I couldn't get over his attitude. Then I told him I reallv didn't need the money. DEAR ABBY: Your answer to Happy in Houston. "Some people go to church to pray — others go to pray they meet someone," set me to thinking about the other reasons people may have for going to church. Slacks Attract Lint Hv Pollv Cramer POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — Lint always adheres to my family's double knit polyester slacks when I wash them. 1 always keep the filter in my automatic washer clean and have tried washing such slacks alone. They still pick up lint. What can I do to prevent this? If your nylon pile rugs have become matted from washing try my way. After removing the damp rug from the washer, brush it out completely with' a clean wire brush going first in one direction and then the other. It will be soft and fluffy as new and then HANG it to dry. Do not put in the dryer. — FERNE. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve concerns the colors of children's jackets and parkas. I do wish the manufacturers would make them of bright colored or flourescent-type materials so little ones are easier to spot when they are out at play. — HELVIE. DEAR POLLY — Verna certainly has been making double work for herself if she has been cutting the extra edge off dress patterns before pinning them on the fabric to be cut. After a pattern has been removed from the envelope and wrinkles lightly pressed out pin pattern to fabric overlapping those extra edges. This saves material. Cut out the pattern and fabric, along the proper lines, at the same time. The only pieces she may have to cut separately are interfacings and collars. Even these can be roughly cut out. Trim closely as pieces are cut out of the fabric. I always do this and save a lot of time. — PAT. DEAR POLLY — Never throw away a vinyl window shade just because the spring is broken. Give it to your husband to use as a ground or garage floor cover to protect him and his clothes when he is working under the car. When finished the shade can be rolled up by hand and used again and again. — SUE. DEAR POLLY — When some fat needed to be removed from broth I was making I put a cold cake pan with ice cubes in it in the broth so it would float on top and the fat sticks to the pan. This can be repeated if necessary and is not as messy as many other methods. — MARGARET. DEAR POLLY — I find many ways to use a pizza cutter so do not keep yours laying around in a drawer to be used only for pizza. I use mine to cut candy, both fudge and hard candy, and find it is great to use for cutting dough into v wedge-shaped pieces to make butter horn rolls. It cuts without pushing the dough as a regular knife does. — DOROTHY. Here is a list, which I think is complete: 1. Habit. 2. Training. 3. Fear of punishment from the Lord if they don't go. 4. To see who else is there. 5. To be seen. 6. To get spiritual inspiration. 7. To socialize. Notice. Abby. I did not put down "to pray." One can pray anywhere. PRAYS A LOT DEAR ABBY: Our son recently married a girl in another city. None of our relatives or friends has ever met the girl, but many of them received announcements of the wedding and sent gifts. Our son sent personal-handwritten thank-you notes on behalf of both himself and his bride to all of the friends and relatives who sent gifts. My daughter and her husband think it's the bride's responsibility to write all the thank-you notes. His Dad and I (and some of the recipients) thought it was a nice gesture on our son's part. What is your Congressional and private investigations into the political contributions of the nation's dairymen are yielding interesting patterns, not yet fully explained. This is the industry whose contributions to President Nixon's re-election campaign the House Judiciary Committee is now studying to determine whether those dollars had anything to do with Mr. Nixon's boost of milk price supports in 1972. The President has stated he was being pressured by powerful senators and representatives. He acted, he said, to prevent the Congress from pushing supports even higher. There since have been reports the milk industry financially backed a good number of those senators and representatives pushing for higher milk supports. Data filed with the government on campaign contributions also shows that at least 12 members of the Judiciary Committee itself, including Chairman Peter W. Rodino Jr., (D-N.J.), received campaign dollars directly from the milk men. How many others received indirect donations funneled through party committees is not known. How does the milk industry operate in the political field? How much money does it have available for such donations? Where does the money go? The financial records are not complete since the law requiring detailed publicity on campaign giving went into effect on April 7, 1972 and considerable funds were given before that date by many groups, including most probably the milk industry. But on the record, the dairy industry reported political gifts in 1972 in the neighborhood of $1.3 million. This was about a 12th of all the money recorded as given to all presidential, Senate and House candidates, either directly or through party committees by all registered political associations — business, agriculture, labor, health and the like. Almost all the $1.3 million was given by three groups: The Committee for Thorough Agricultural Political Education organized by the Associated Milk Producers, Inc., in San Antonio, Texas. The Agricultural and Dairy Educational Political Trust set up by Mid-America Dairymen, Inc., in Springfield, Mo. opinion: PUZZLED Barbs BERRY'S WORLD It is good news, long overdue, that the list of allegedly subversive organizations maintained by the attorney general has at last been abolished. The list was created in 1947, at a time of general nervousness about subversives in government, to screen applicants for government jobs. From the beginning it was a questionable tool for this purpose. Supreme Court rulings later affirmed this, and for many years the list has served no useful function. Under President Truman's order, the Justice Department was permitted to designate groups as subversive with little regard for due process of law. Atty. Gen. William B. Saxbe has rightly said this was "perhaps the most serious failing" of the order. The witch hunt aura about the screening process was wholly out of keeping with the concept that all are entitled to the law's protection in their dealings with the government. We are well rid of the subversives list, which are both unfair and ineffectual. Daily Times Herald 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. ^ JAMESW. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B.WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republlcation of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. • Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per year *«.00 All Other Mail in the United States, pet year $27.00 'Did General Stonewall Jackson get 'stonewalling' it?" that name for The Trust for Special Political Agricultural Community Education established by Dairymen, Inc., in Louisville, Ky. Approximately $718 million went to Democratic candidates for the presidency, for the Senate and the House. Roughly $634 million went to Republican candidates. From data collected by Common Cause, this reporter has identified 41 senatorial candidates and 226 candidates for the House of Representatives who received funds directly from the three major milk groups. But this list, long as it is, accounts for only the $592,000 given directly to candidates. In addition to direct contributions, the milk industry group provided a seventh (or $557,000) of the total $3.7 million the national Democratic and Republican Senate and House campaign committees gave to 83 Senate and 498 House candidates in 1972. The milk money was carefully spent. By a margin of three to four to one, the direct dollars went to the winners of these various races. In most cases, the direct contributions went to incumbents. It is reasonable to conclude, from the data noted above that directly and indirectly a substantial majority of incumbent senators and representatives have received milk money. The Nixon re-election campaign received $95,000 on the record. Various news reports have indicated the actual figure was considerably higher. Almost $70,000 in gifts were reported to the campaigns of Democratic presidential hopefuls — including $54,000 for Rep. Wilbur D. Mills (D-Ark.), and much smaller amounts for Sen. Hubert Humphrey (D- Minn.), Gov. George C. Wallace, (D-Ala.), Sen. EdmundS. Muskie (D-Maine), and Sen. Vance Hartke (D-Ind), presumably in the race for the Democratic nomination. As of early this year, these major dairy industry political education groups had $2 million on hand, much of which presumably is available for helping candidates in 1974 and future campaigns. There is every reason to believe these funds will be added to during the year. Health Uterine Problems Bv Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D DEAR PUZZLED: I'm with you. The bride usually writes the notes, but it's not necessarily HER "responsibility." It's THEIRS. CONFIDENTIAL TO DIXIE: The way to get a boy is to make him a little jealous. The way to lose him is to make him a little more jealous. A good office golfer is one who can play six strokes over the boss — and make it look for real. DEAR DR. LAMB — I wish you would settle a dispute between a relative and myself. I was told by a lady friend that her cousin was entering the hospital to have her uterus rebuilt. Can a uterus be rebuilt in any way, whether a woman has previously had it partially or wholly remove by a hysterectomy? I was also told doctors do not have to tell their patients they have had a complete hysterectomy or a partial one, because most hysterectomies are not complete — in other words, some part of either the uterus or ovary is left so that a woman will not lose her sexual urge. Won't you please explain, for I've been told if all is removed a woman does lose her urge for sex, so parts of something must be left in. I don't get it! Can't wait to settle this argument. DEAR READER — These ideas are not uncommon, and they are the result of half truths and errors in communication. I suspect that the operation to "rebuild the uterus" is really a repair of a prolapsed uterus. This is literally a hernia of the uterus when it falls down from its normal location. This problem is common in women who have had children, and the surgery is common place. This does not include any actual work on the uterus in the sense of reshaping it or anything like that. Now about those hysterectomy questions. The uterus has two parts, the body of the uterus and the cervix. It is much like the body of a fruit jar and its rim, the rim being the cervix. A partial hysterectomy may take out only the body of the uterus and leave the cervix. It is important to know this, because if the cervix is left in it can still develop cancer and regular evaluations are a must. Usually the cervix and the body of the uterus are removed together and this is a complete hysterectomy, meaning all the uterus was removed, including the cervix. A complete hysterectomy will not affect a woman's sex urge or her capacity for normal activity, unless the woman has a psychological reaction that is not part of the surgery at all. The man will not be able to tell that anything has been done, either. Sometimes the ovaries are removed with a hysterectomy. This is an oopherectomy, not a hysterectomy. You can have the ovaries removed and leave the uterus in or you can have the uterus removed (hysterectomy, partial or complete) and leave the ovaries intact. Or, you can have both a hysterectomy and oopherectomy. It's the. ovaries that influence a woman's sex urge, not her uterus. Ovaries form most of the female hormones. Their failure or degeneration leads to the menopause. If the ovaries are nonfunctioning and diseased the surgeon may think it wise to remove them. In a younger woman, unless there is a good reason to take them out, he may leave them alone, even though he may need to take out the uterus. If the ovaries must be removed surgically, then female hormone replacement can be given to prevent the changes attributed to menopause. I hope this will give you enough information to settle your argument. Don't come to blows. Incidentally, I think all doctors should always tell a patient exactly what has and what has not been done and what effects it will have. Lib for Liquor Along with everything else they established in 1787, the Founding Fathers made a "common market" out of the United States. The "Commerce Clause" was intentionally inserted into the Constitution to remove trade barriers between the states, which had been one of the principal grievances of the former colonies. Prior to Prohibition, the Supreme Court ruled that intoxicating liquor was a legitimate subject of commerce, "as much so as cabbages and candlesticks." Since the repeal of Prohibition in 1933, however, court opinion has held that the 21st Amendment (Repeal) overrides all other constitutional provisions and permits individual states complete latitude in the area of liquor control, including the right to discriminate against wine produced in another state. The result has been a pattern of "Balkinization" in state liquor laws, especially in regard to wines. A bill currently before Congress —H.R. 2096 — would give alcoholic beverages the protection they were once guaranteed under the Constitution.