Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 18, 1963 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Thursday, July 18, 1963
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Communltlet Galesburg Register-Mail Weatrier Strip** *t#t! Continued Wmtt JVidty Scattered Showers Toflifht Aficl Late Friday $ t il Heller Nempaptr VOLUME LXXII— 168 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — THURSDAY, JULY 18, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS COLLAPSES IN DEMONSTRATION — Cynthia Howell, 10. collapses after being injured in crush of crowd during demonstration by Congress of Racial Equality in front of Chicago Board of Education Building Wednesday. CORE accused board of producing nation's largest segregated school system. The school board said schools are where the children are. UNIFAX CHICAGO (AP) — Police today broke up an 8rday sit-in demonstration in the Chicago Board of Education offices and arrested 10 persons. Today's development followed a clash Wednesday night between police and the civil rights demonstrators, who were protesting they call de facto what segregation of Chicago pub lie schools. Wednesday night three demonstrators, who broke through a shoulder-to-shoulder line of policemen in an attempt to re-enter the building to continue their sit- in, were arrested. Police barred the way at the request of a Board of Education official who later agreed to let some of the demonstrators back inside. The 10-year-old daughter of a demonstrator was slightly injured in the surging crowd and four policemen suffered minor cuts and bruises. The Congress of Racial Equality, which since July 10 has staged an around-the-clock sit-in at the board's downtown offices in protest to the policy of requiring school attendance along neighborhood lines, called a demonstration to last from 5 to 6 p.m. Shortly before 5, about 40 demonstrators, mostly young people of both races, marched out of the building with signs reading! "The South Is Segregated, So Is Chicago." Crowd Chants They were soon joined by more, including a large group from the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee with more signs. Soon, about 200 persons marched in front of the building chanting: "Jim Crow—Must Go," with variations of "Segregation" for "Jim Crow." The demonstrators and a few onlookers heard short speeches by representatives of CORE, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and Chicago Alderman Leon Despres of the 5th Ward. Everything was -orderly until the Rev- Elton Cox, executive director of the Chicago CORE unit, told demonstrators assigned to remain in the building overnight to re-enter. way, but the crowd surged forward and three men at the front of the demonstrators got past and grabbed onto a rail on the revolving door. Soldiers Missing SEOUL, Korea (UPI) - Two American soldiers swept away by the swift current of the Hantin River north of here were missing and presumed dead today, according to an announcement by U.S. Army authorities. The two soldiers were not identified, pending notification of relatives. They were assigned to the U.S. Seventh Infantry Division. The soldiers were swept downstream when they attempted to walk across the river early Wednesday. Envoys View Summit Meet As Possible MOSCOW (AP).— Success in the nuclear test ban talks in Moscow could lead to broader East-West negotiations and perhaps a summit conference this year. This is the view of Western diplomatic experts who caution, however, that everything depends on the outcome of the test ban talks, Sovict-Sino Delegations Fail to Show MOSCOW (UPI) - Chinese and Soviet delegates did not show up for talks on their worsening ideological dispute today, indicating another recess had been called in the conference. There was no announcement, but newsmen waiting outside the conference site in a villa on the outskirts of Moscow said neither delegation arrived. The usual pattern of the talks has been one day off and one day on, and talks were held Wednesday. Departure Expected Western observers believed the talks were near an'end, and that the departure of the Peking delegation could be expected any day. Diplomats said it is China's turn to make the next move in the public attacks that have accompanied the talks, gaining. in bitterness as the conference progressed. The last attack of major pro-! portions came from Russia. In a 25 ,000 -word statement published in Sunday's Pravda, it accused Peking of being a racist power intent on war and determined to split the Communist camp. (China's replies have been only indirect, but a blast of full force was expected soon to answer the Pravda charges. Three American! Fatalities in Mine Blast SAIGON ' (UPI)—Three American soldiers, two of them officers, were killed in South Viet Nam today when a Communist mine exploded in Binh Long Province near the Cambodian border. A U.S. military spokesman said the victims were a U.S. special force sergeant and two captains. The victims were not identified pending notification of next of kin. The new deaths raised to 97 the number of Americans who have died in South Viet Nam since January, 1961. It was the second straight day that American forces were reported to have suffered casualties at the hands of the Communist Viet Cong guerrillas. An Army spokesman announced Wednesday that 14 American soldiers had been wounded in a Communist attack on a military camp south of Saigon. now in their fourth day Negotiators of the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union still face several thorny issues. Talk of a summit conference rose last spring. U.S. officials discounted it because no special agreement seemed possible then. •But if the Moscow conference is successful, President Kennedy, Soviet Premier Khrushchev and British Prime Minister Macmillan could well decide either to sign the test ban treaty personally or to meet soon after its signing to discuss broader disarmament and political issues. Would Be Considered Kennedy told a news conference in Washington Wednesday the possibility of a summit conference had not come up in the Moscow talks. If the subject is raised, he said, it would be considered. A three-power communique issued Wednesday night after the third conference session gave the most optimistic official account of the negotiations. It said Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko, U.S. Undersecretary of State W. Averell Harriman and British Science Minister Lord Hailsham had "made progress in drafting some of the provisions of a test ban treaty covering tests in the atmosphere, outer space and under water." Sen. Goldwater Declines Debate With Rockefeller NEW YORK (UPD-The governor of New York said yes, but the senator from Arizona declined the offer, on grounds that it might contribute to disunity in the Republican party. And so Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller and Sen. Barry Goldwater will not be swapping opinions in a television debate. The two leading contenders for the 1964 GOP presidential nomination were invited by the Columbia Broadcasting System to spend an hour of air time discussing the role of the Republican party in next year's election. Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS 24 PAGES Abingdon 19 Amusement 6 Bushnell 24 Classified Ads 22,23 Comics, TV, Radio 20 Editorial 4 Galva 5 Hospital 5 Knoxville 24 Markets 18 Monmouth 16 Obituary 21 Sports 14,15 Weather 2 Women in The News ... 8,9 President Gives Blessings To Capital Demonstration WASHINGTON (AP) — President Kennedy has given his blessings to the late - August civil rights demonstration planned for the national capital and says, "I look forward to being here." This was the highlight of a Kennedy news conference Wednesday in which he applauded peaceful racial protests while decrying those which can lead to violence and bloodshed. The session with newsmen — Kennedy's first in Washington in eight weeks •— covered a wide range of topics including: Business and Taxes: The President said business is tetter than expected, tax receipts consequently have exceeded predictions and, as a result, last year's budget deficit totaled $6.2 billion compared Some 30 policemen blocked the with a January forecast of $8.8 billion. Ho said this bolsters his argument that a $10-billion tax cut would boost the economy still further and eventually balance the budget. Cold War Talks: Kennedy said he is "still hopeful" that the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union can achieve some kind of nuclear test ban treaty in the current Moscow talks. But he thinks talk of a possible summit meeting is premature, saying such a session is not "indicated or needed." Moon Race: The President wants a continued effort to put an American on the moon in this decade in order to show "the capacity to dominate space." He treat ed as inconclusive British scientist Bernard Lovell's report thai the Soviets may be losing interest hi the moon race. Rail Strike: Kennedy again urged the railroads and operating unions to settle their work rules dispute before a threatened nationwide strike July 29. He said both sides would be much better off to work things out themselves "and not depend upon the government to do it." If a strike comes, Kennedy said he will ask Congress to end it by legislation. In talking about civil rights, Kennedy scoffed at a claim by Alabama Gov. George C. Wallace that racial demonstrations have been Communist-inspired. "We have no evidence," he said, "that any of the leaders of the civil rights movements in the United States are Communists. We have no evidence that the demonstrations are Communist- inspired. I think it is a convenient scapegoat to suggest that all the difficulties are Communist." Saving Ways Of Women Puzzle Cleric KANSAS CITY, Mo. <AP)~ The Rev. N. J. Ezekiel, head of the Lutheran Church of India, is puzzled by one aspect of American life. "With so much wealth in your country, with so much money to buy beautiful cloth," he said Wednesday at a church conference, "I'm surprised American girls and women wear their skirts so short." Governors Square Off For Parley MIAMI BEACH (UPD-Moves were being made today to keep the National Governors' Conference which starts Sunday from becoming a stormy battleground over the civil rights issue. The issue which threw their 1962 conference into a revolt again is prominent this year, but the governors will be asked at an opening session to adopt a rule requiring unanimous vote on all resolutions. Alabama Gov. George Wallace and Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus were reported squaring off to battle with New York's Nelson Rockefeller over the hot civil rights issue. Eveeutives Arriving Rockefeller says he plans to press the racial issue and lower the boom on states rights during the four-day conference. The governors are already arriving here well in advance of Sunday 's opening session. The rule change, if adopted, would not gag informal discussion of the rights issue, and some mildly worded resolution acceptable both to the North and the South might come from, the conference. Kennedy Asks U.S. to Cede Border Area To Mexico EL PASO, Tex7 (UPD-Settle- ment of the century-old Chamizal dispute between the United States and Mexico will be announced today, United Press International has learned. The announcement that will transfer the area to Mexico will be made by President Kennedy in Washington and by Mexican President Adolfo Lopez Mateos in Mexico City. The U.S. is expected to give up most of the Chamizal to Mexico in return for Cordova Island, a Mexico-owned river island that juts 20 blocks into El Paso. Negotiators have been working out details of the settlement since the President and Lopez Mateos discussed the situation when Kennedy visited Mexico City June 29, 1962. The Chamizal — Spanish for thicket — is a section of land left on the north side of the Rio Grande when the riger changed channels in 1852. It is now heavily populated and contains several schools, El Paso's only meat packing plant and a number of small businesses. The 630 acres in the Chamizal have been estimated to be worth as much as $20 million. Approximately 4,000 persons live there. Former El Paso Mayor Ralph Setisinger proposed July 19, 1962 that a new channel be dredged in the Rio Grande. He said at that time that a settlement was near. He said U.S. property owners would get about $35 million in payment for the land turned over to Mexico. Boats Were Warned EASTBOURNE, England (UPI) •All shipping in the English Channel was warned Wednesday night to watch out for a floating depth charge. The warning came after a high- explosive depth charge was picked up in a trawler's net off Beachy Head, near here. The warning said a second floating depth charge had been spotted in the channel. rp on Stock Sales Abroad Hopes to Curtail Flight of Dollars WASHINGTON (AP) — President Kennedy, in a surprise move, asked Congress today to tax Americans on most purchases of foreign stocks and bonds. The aim is to help stem the outflow of gold and dollars. Kennedy's recommendation was certain to have an immediate impact on inter national financial markets because it would affect American investments currently approaching the rate of $2 billion a year. The unprecedented proposal, put forth in a special message to Congress on the worrisome U.S. balance of payments problem, represented the boldest and most controversial attempt yet made by any administration to deal with the payments dilemma. To discourage the mounting flow of American savings abroad, Kennedy called for a special excise tax ranging from 2% per cent to 15 per cent on the purchase price of securities issued by governments and businesses in 22 industrialized countries. The tax would go into effect Friday and remain on the books until Dec. 31, 1965. Admittedly this would be strong medicine. But Kennedy said it wdul "help prevent pressures for more restrictive measures." A second highlight of Kennedy 's 5,500-word message was an announcement that—for the first time—the United States will ex ercise its right to draw money from the International Monetary Fund. Starting Monday, the United States will begin drawing up to $500 million in foreign currencies from the IMF. These currencies will be used by the U.S. Treasury to buy foreign-held dollars that otherwise might be used to purchase American gold. Kennedy predicted that enactment of the excise tax plus other less dramatic moves under way or planned would trim nearly $2 billion from the U.S. balance of payments deficit during the next 18 months. In 1962 the deficit—the difference between the amount of money leaving the country and the lesser amount coming in—totaled $2.2 billion. However, the deficit has been mounting this year and, in the April-June quarter, an annual rate of well over $3 billion. Continued deficits in international financial dealings mean that foreigners are piling up surplus dollars which they can use to buy American gold—the key to the strength of the dollar. In recent years, the U.S. gold stock has dropped from $22 billion to under $15.7 billion. Farm Bureau Asks Import Restrictions WASHINGTON (AP) — The American Farm Bureau Federation called on the government today to restrict imports from the European Common Market countries, in retaliation for new barriers raised by them against U.S. farm products. The request was made by Bureau President Charles B. Shuman of Sullivan, 111., in a letter to Christian A. Herter, the President's special representative for trade negotiations. Herter is in Brussels trying to obtain some easing of barriers against American farm items. The Common Market countries —France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxemburg — have been setting up a common agricultural policy designed to provide their farmers with greater protection from imports. So far, U.S. exports of poultry have been cut sharply as a result of new variable import fees and other restrictions. Grain also faces similar barriers. Syria Revolt Crushed by Government BEIRUT, X>ebanon (AP) — Syria's Ba'athist government announced today it had crushed ail uprising led by civilians and discharged officers. A spokesman for Maj. Gen. Amin Hafez, strongman of the Syrian army, went on Damascus radio and. declared that the revolt was finished and the situation was under control. There was no immediate indication of the political leanings of the rebels. However, a successful coup against Syria's Ba 'athist socialist government would have pleased the Arab nationalist followers of President Nasser of the "United Arab Republic. Handed to Courts "A band of plotters consisting of a number of civilians supported, by a small number of dis- " charged military men made an abortive attempt to disturb peace in the Damascus district,*' Hafez said. "This band was beaten and crushed audi the rest of the elements gave up. Nothing has happened to disturb order in the other districts, of Syria. "The plotters will be turned! over to the national security courts." CROWNED MISS U.S.A. — Radiant and happy Miss U.S.A. 1963, Marite Ozer, 19, is shown after crowning la Miami Beach Wednesday. The foreign-born Chicagoan was Miss Illinois and now is in competition with 44 foreign beauties tonight in secii- iuials for Miss Universe title. Mis* Ozer was born in Latvia aud fled to U.S. 13 years ago with her family to escape Communist oppression. UNIFAX RoaJcct Shoot Overture for Sun Eclipse WASHINGTON (AP) — Nature's big show Saturday — a total eclipse of the sun — will draw one of the biggest scientific audiences in history and have a barrage of rockets for an overture. The experts, however, won't view the awesome sight as just a spectacular. They hope to get information that may reduce the hazards of space travel and improve weather forecasting and) communications. Because of the eclipse's path more people than ever before will glimpse at least part of the eclipse. Most Americans, though, will see only a partial eclipse. It will be total only along a 60- mile-wide path across Alaska, Canada and, Maine. Danger to Eyes And only in these areas may it he viewed safely with the naked] eye, for elsewhere the performance will be too brilliant. (A 77 per cent eclipse will be visible in Illinois between 3:36 and 5:45 p.m.) Health authorities have urged all but scientists with special equipment to turn their backs on it, lest their eyes be permanently damaged. The recommendation is to watch the big show on television, or to use cardboard reflectors. To do this, you punch a small hole in a piece of cardboard and hold it so the sun's image at your back mM he projected through the hole onto a white surface. A rocket barrage from various points in North America will her. aid the eclipse. The rockets will he used in conducting various experiments. A jet aircraft, carrying scientists and an astronaut, Navy \X. Cmdr. Malcolm S. Carpenter, will chase the eclipse's shadow across the contingent. Radio beams from earth will be focused on it. Other scientists will study the antics of hards and other wiidiif* during the eerie period of the eclipse. A University of Maiot group, for exxample. lntenfai te ke*2> tabe on tfce bfihavtor oi mm

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