The Lincoln Star from Lincoln, Nebraska on December 28, 1941 · Page 1
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The Lincoln Star from Lincoln, Nebraska · Page 1

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Sunday, December 28, 1941
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Associated Press United Press International News Service NEWSDEALER No. Am Newspaper Alliance FOUNDED IN 1867 LINCOLN, NEBRASKA, SUNDAY, D K C K M B KU 28. 1 Ml" TEN CENTS Allied nations learn is - smashing plans from FDR, Churchill Naval superiority to play major role in campaign, 25 envoys told . mmmmmmmmwmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm WASHINGTON. (UP). President Roosevelt announced Saturday night after daylong conferences with the envoys of 23 allied governments that ' excellent progress' has been made in marshalling all the military and economic resources of the anti - axis nations on a "world - wide front. The president's statement was issued after the framework f a grand plan of strategy for smashing the axis "in every part of the globe," with naval superiority playing a major role was laid before the allied representatives by Mr. Koosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill. 'We'll burn Jap cities off face of the earth9 to avenge bombing of Manila, avous N orris "We have advanced far along the route toward achievement of the ultimate objective the crushing; of those forces which have attacked and made war upon us," he said. The president's statement was issued thru his press secretary. Stephen T. Early, who said that Joint U. S. - Britiah war council talks would be held Sunday. A meeting of the council, originally scheduled for 4:30 p. m. Saturday, probably will be held at 10:30 a. m. Sunday, Early said. U. ft. Position Stronger. In his statement, Mr. Roosevelt aid that "as a result of all these meetings, I know tonight that the position of" the United Staes and of all the nations aligned with us has been strenghtened Immeasurably." The statement was issued after five days of consultations which began with Churchill's dramatic arrival in Washington after a secret trip from Britain. "Much haa been accomplished this week thru the medium of many conferences held in the meetings of the supply and production officiala In the sessions held by the members of the military and naval groups and in discussions with the chiefs of missions of all the nations at war with the common enemy." the president's statement said. In Saturday's aeries of white house conferences, Mr. Roosevelt and Churchill described at length the allied victory program to the ambassadors and ministers of the warring anti - axis nations and the allies' staunch supporters among the Latin American non - belligerents. "Excellent Progrsm. Mr. Roosevelt said that "excellent progress" had been made "in the marshalling of all resources, military and economic, of the world - wide front opposing the : axis. The conferences will continue for an indefinite period of time," the president said. "It is impos sible to say just now when they will terminate. "It is my purpose, so far as it Is possible, to give insofar as safety will permitwithout giving information of military value to the enemy a more detailed accounting of all that has taken place in Washington this week and of all that will take place during the remainder of the meetings." He said that the talks included conferences "with Russian and Chinese ambassadors, the Canadian prime minister, and The Netherlands minister.' Not only the representatives of the United States' and Britain's actual allies in arms, but those of the friendly American republics remaining in the non - belligerent ranks but pledged to mutual hemispheric defense, were given a f illin on the gigantic plans under way for crushing the totalitarian aggressors. The talks at the white house marked the end of the first phase of the grand strategy consultations initiated by the dramatic arrival in Washington Monday night of Churchill accompanied by some 80 top ranking British military, naval, air and otner experts. Churchill to Canada. Churchill, in high spirits over the success of his visit, prepared to leave for Canada where he will address a joint sitting of the Canadian parliament at Ottawa Tuesday afternoon, telling the people f that dominion something of the results of his mission to the United States. In the matter of production the allies' great trump card of victory in the opinion of military experts the picture is "cheerful," according to one of the participants in the technical side of the discussions. Plans are being developed for a common pool of supplies for Britain and the United States and the British are preparing to lend this country certain types of equipment and weapons of which there are as yet inadequate American stocks. The Roosevelt - Churchill consul - V tations on world - wide strategy are expected to serve as a guidepost for the Pan - American conference opening at Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, Jan. 15 among the foreign minis ters of the 21 American republics to implement a broad system for hemispheric defense and solidarity against any axis aggression. Permanent Council Near. To what extent a skeleton picture of the allies' contemplated strategy was placed before the representatives of the anti - axis nations in the six white house conferences during the day was not dis - ' closed, but it appeared that plans for establishing a permanent council of war in Washington had moved ahead rapidly. Sir John G. Dill, retiring chief of the British imperial staff who accompanied Churchill on his secret trip to the United States, will (See Churchill, Page 2 - A, Col. 4.) Subs inactive as west coast speeds defense Jap, Filipino tension mounts SAN FRANCISCO. (INS). Japanese submarine activity off the Pacific coast remained dor mant Saturday, but California and her sister states of the west had ample reminders that they form a major theater of warfare. While the navy pressed its undisclosed counter - activity against undersea raiders, Sacramento underwent its fifth blackout early Saturday morning. The all clear was sounded at 3 a. m., one hour and 17 minutes after the alert. At the same time authorities took an increasingly grave view toward tension between Japanese and Filipinos living side by side in the rich San Joaquin and Santa Clara valley agricultural districts. A second murder, that of a Filipino, was reported at San Jose Saturday, less than 24 hours after a Japanese garage worker was fatally shot by an unknown Filipino assailant at Stockton. Fear Mass Clash. WASHINGTON. Shocked legislators declared grimly Saturday that when the United States has gathered the full force of its offensive might Japan shall be made to pay in kind for the cruel and bloody bomfclng of undefended Manila. Characterising the Japanese at tack as "barbarism in its worst form," Senator N orris (ind.. Neb.) expressed what appeared to be a universal sentiment when he asserted that the Nipponese had disregarded all rules of warfare and in turn could claim no immunity under such rules. "Their cities are open to attack, when we are ready, that will burn them off the face of the earth and that is what they are coming to." Nor r is said. High officials, naturally, said nothing of retaliation, but Secretary of State Hull unreservedly denounced the attack, declaring the Japanese had taken to the Philippines the same practices of fiendishness they had inflicted on China. It wss all part, he said, of a consistent Japanese record of employing the same barbaric methods, the same methods of cruelty and inhumanity as Hitler practices. Sheer Wantonness. The sheer wantonness of the Japanese attack came as a shock to this capital despite the fresh memories of Pearl Harbor. Qualified authorities said the savage bombardment gained the Japanese no military advantage whatever. Manila harbor has been virtually useless ever since the first inva sion moves were made nearly three weeks ago, as the Japanese control the south China sea. The capital was the supply and communication center of Luzon and much of the rest of the archipelago, but the army, in quitting the city, took with the troops the most needed supplies. The civil authorities left with the military, so Manila no longer was the political capital. It remained important as the hub of railways, highways and telegraph lines, but these facilities pre - SENATOR MORRIS: ism in its worst form. Bar bar - m r PPf fMi fications at the entrance of Ma nila bay Fort Mills on Corregidor island, and Fort Hughes and Fort Drum nearby are 25 miles or mora distant from the city. Warn Against Offensives. Mingled with the talk at the capitol of retaliation were warn ings against too early attempts by this country to take the offensive. 'The Japanese have placed themselves in a position where ultimately they will reap what they have sown." Senator Austin (r., Vt.) said. "We are going to move as rapidly as feasable to protect those people over there and in due time the Japanese will get what is coming to them." He recalled, however, that Wins ton Churchill had warned against half - way measures in his address to congress Friday. Senator George d., Ga.) said that this country should not permit its resentment at Japanese "treachery" to goad it into ill - advised action. 'This is a war of intense preparation and thoro planning," he told reporters. "We have got to fix our long - range objective and hope that public opinion will permit us to move steadily toward those objectives without pressing us into action on fronts where we are not ready. Show No Mercy Wheeler. Senator Wheeler d., Mont.) said he was sorry that the United States did not have "the bombs and bombers to bdrnb hell out of Tokyo. Kobe and other Japanese Japs demand Filipinos end hostilities to spare Manila further devastating attack He V - A - flfc'&nm.iii. - i 'm BIFF JONES: an warns him sgain. Reinforcements sent to back forces on both sides of isle Biff called f oi cities." The equipment had been 1 If army nd cei ess h - but army medical te SECRETARY HULL: "The Japs have taken to the same methods of cruelty and inhumanity as Hitler." sumably were abandoned for military use when Gen. Douglas Mac - Arthur moved out his troops. The powerful permanent forti - away. "The time will come," he declared, "when we can bomb them and we will retaliate by making m shambles out of their cities. I would certainly show them no mercy. Senator Thomas (d., Utah) said that the bombing of Manila was a "senseless and futile act because of the 600,000 odd persons there, fewer that 10.000 of them could even have a gun or weapon of any braska, whose 1941 team had the of its anti - aircraft guns and other kind." most unsuccessful vear since 1897. defenses in accordance with Gen The bombing, he added, would losing five straight games, was the Douglas MacArthur's declaration NEW ORLEANS. (.P. Mai. Biff nf ial.nrta ainat th invaders. jones. neaa coacn at tne univer - lt r - m! nv.P th air in English. .. A. A at i ... f A. I w - (9 suy or weDrasxa. wno is in caion Tajraj0(r (Filipino dialect) and Kouge coaching tne western team Rnaniui: mm Mann. r.irw an iur U1C KU BUir KUIW mre, w3 - .filw u.th. rl rH nvmiHa firm urucrcu W Uic oaiuil rwue - - ieincr Intn th. mUimm fmm th m i a 1 a mmm a a Ik aa a OkV a a. W 0 a V ft M w AvaminBtiAii I vAnuiiimviuii i His call to active dutv is ex - Leisurely Assault. pected in a few weeka. lM Japanese airmen, waning 1 A'l AV. I i.iHA.J A successor for Jones at Ne - " cuy nu oecn sinppeu MANILA. (Sunday) (AP). The Japanese brlatedly and brazenly offered Sunday to consider Manila an open eity hut demanded that Filipino forw "'cease nil resistance" after thr heart of this defenseless island capital had been bloodied aud set aflame by savagely attacking Japanese air raiders. This manifesto was broadcast by the" Tokyo radio and addressed to President Manuel Quezon of the Philippine - as bomb - pocked Manila heard the heartening word that reinforcements have been dispatched to outnumbered defenders battling Japanese invaders bearing down from both the north and south. (A CBS broadcast from Manila said Japanese had offered by radio M consider Manila open city on two Tonditions: First, removal of all nilitary camps and establishments from the city, and second, that Filipino forces co - operste with the Japanese invaders and halt all resistance. ) The Tokyo broadcast, which demanded that the Filipino army "co - operate with the Japanese army and cease all resistance was scorn and derision by ilipino listeners. The Filipinos are taking a major role in defense Russians liurlf: nazis hack on 180 mile, front bring "severe reaction" in the United States and England. Fearful of a mass clash between hundreds of Filipino field hands and Japanese agricultural workers living in the Stockton area, Police Chief Harold Dogelsan and Sheriff Martin Ansbro sent deputies, heavily armed, on patrol in danger sones. , Japanese were advised to stay off the streets of Stockton at night. A Filipino dance hall was closed by order of the police. After six days of marauding activity, the apparent cessation of Jap "pig boat" raids on coastal shipping aroused considerable speculation. The navy department announced "all quiet and no activity" along the entire Pacific shoreline. The raiders have been inactive for more than 48 hours. Their last appearance was marred by the army announcement that a direct hit had been scored by a bomber on at least one submrsible. Vision Surprise Attacks. It was thought the Japanese sea wolves may lie quiet for a time, to again achieve an element of surprise in their vicious attacks on American shipping. The fourth interceptor command sent raid sirens shrilling at Sacra mento on a report that unidentified planes were over Sacramento and the interior. No announcement followed the all clear but it was presumed that the planes had been Identified as friendly. There were no blackouts along the seaboard altho an alert was sounded in San Francisco and the bay region at approximately the same hour. Seattle residents were startled to hear the shrill burst of anti - air craft fire over Puget Sound Friday but were prepared for more Saturday when Fort Lawton officials announced practice firing was under way. Live shells were sent whizzing skyward six miles offshore in the sound. Inland boats were warned to remain clear of the area. Japs damage 2 U.S. destroyers; no casualties Take weatherman's word1 lor it: lee tro?i9f melt today The weatherman glanced aloft WASHINGTON. W. The hAvh4"4 hL saw his breath condensing in uie coia air ana then went to the trunk in the department announced late Saturday that two U. S. destroyers sustained "minor damage during enemy bombing attacks in the far east but there were no casualties. The navy made the announcement in its communique No. 19 summarizing the situation up to noon eastern standard time, Saturday. In the eastern Pacific, the communique said, enemy submarines still are operating in the west coast shipping lanes but due to "effective counter measures," they are experiencing great difficulty in making their attacks. The communique declared also that counter measures against enemy submarines patrolling in the Hawaiian area were being vigorously prosecuted. The text of the communique follows: "Far east: During enemy bombing attacks two of our destroyers sustained minor damajre. There were no casualties to personnel. "Eastern Pacific: Enemy submarines still are operating in the west coast shipping lanes. Due to the effective counter measures adopted by our forces they are experiencing great difficulty in prosecuting their attacks. "Central Pacific: Counter measures against enemy submarines patrolling in the Hawaiian area are being vigorously prosecuted. Atlantic theater: There are no new developments to report." 400 AFL carpenters strike in Pennsylvania WASHINGTON. Iff. The OPM labor division reported Saturday that a strike of 400 AFL carpen ters at a Beaver, Pa., housing project was the only work stop page currently affecting the war program. Only four more days to enter newspaper - theater movie poll BY BARNEY OLDFIELD. When both the hands on the clock touch 12 midnight Wednes day, it will be more than the end of the old year it will also be the closing time of The Sunday Journal and Star - Stuart, Lincoln, Varsity. State, Capitol and Nebraska film poll. That means, with Sunday, there are only four more days to get your entry in. to be eligible for the dozens of prizes given here and in six other towns in Nebraska. On Page Seven, Section D, of this issue of The Sunday Journal and Star is the complete list of 431 eligible movies and this is the last time they'll be published. The prizes: The winner gets a close look, a vacation, and a sightseeing experience" in Hollywood impossible to get any other way, and for absolutely no cost. All expenses will be paid by the theaters in Lincoln He and she will see and talk to the stars, eat with them, watch them make movies, and be on hand for the 1,001 intimate glimpses of filmdom most people hope to get someday, but never do. There are 11 annual passes, Al 3 for six months, 12 for three storeroom to get out his red flannels. "Yes sir, it's going to be cold sgain Sunday," he said, "and partly cloudy too.' At midnight no one would have said him nay. The Lincoln temperature stood then at four above 16 degrees below Friday night's low. The zenith was reached at 1:30 and 2.30 a. m. Saturday with a reading of 21. After hanging several hours around the 20 degree level, the mercury began a sharp drop at 3:30 p. m. Saturday and went all the way to three at 9:30 and 10:30 p. m. before breaking the trend. Skies were clear over Lincoln moat of Saturday evening and the moon was shining brightly at midnight. No precipitation was reported in the state Saturday except for a slight snowfall early in the day at scattered points in the east - central section. Highest temperature Sunday was expected to be between 15 and 20, with the wind velocity at from eight to 12 miles per hour. ' 12 Japs downed over mirma roan CHUNGKING. (UP). Spectacu lar dogfights over Burma were re ported Saturday to have cost Japan 42 war planes in the heaviest air battles of the war along the vital Burma road. Japanese planes striking in force at the road have duelled with American and British fliers almost every day this week. Axis nationals must turn in radios, cameras WASHINGTON. (iP). The justice department Saturday ordered Jap anese. German and Italian nation als in seven Pacific coast states to turn in all short wave radio equip ment and cameras in their posses sion by 11 p. m. Monday. It was reported authoritatively that similar regulations for the rest of the counrty would be issued next week. Saturday's regulations apply to California, Washington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho, Utah and Nevada. The equipment must be surrendered to local police authorities, who, the justice department said, would be asked to issue receipts. The prohibited radio equipment includea not only transmitters, but home receiving sets with short wave bands. Large studio cameras need not be turned in but they must be registered and may not be used except by specific permission of U. S. attorneys. The penalties for willful failure to obey the regulations are forfeiture of the articles and arrest of the alien. The department warned that the responsibility rests on the alien himself for determining whether articles in his possession come within the scope of prohibited equipment. Radio sets capable of receiving signals of 1,750 kilo cycles or greater, or 540 kilocycles or leas, are considered within the prohibited range. subject of much speculation here, of Manila as an open city, but no names were advanced. swarmed overhead shortly before noon Saturday and in an almost Prof. R. D. Scott, chairman of leisurely assault iaia waste enure the University of Nebraska ath - d'ocks or tne nisionc wauea town letic board, said early Sunday opanisn cnurcnes ana scnoois. morning the board, which will buildings of the commonwealth name a successor should Jones be government ana sections oi tne called, has given the matter no modern shop district. thought. ) There were 50 known dead and "Of course, we knew this might no one would venture a guess as happen at any time, but have not to how many more might be buried discussed a successor," said Scott, under the tumbled and flaming If Jones is called, he will be the buildings. third member of Nebraska's coach - A conservative estimate early ing staff to leave the Huskers for Sunday placed the damage at at the armed forces. Others in the 1 least $2,500,000. service at the present time are Lieut. Harold Petz and Lieut. - Col. W, Harold Browne. The weather Nebraska: Partly cloudy and continued cold Sunday, highest temperature 15 to 20, wind 8 to 12 m. p. h. LINCOLN TKMI'LKATl KLS. months, 12 for one month, and 65 single admissions a total of 114 awards in alL To Win Is Simple. No contest is easier to win than this one, and there is no simpler type. & Remember, when you ve picked your list, that s all there is to it You don't have to write anything telling why you like them, or why you picked them. AU you do is name ten films from the eligible list, tack on your name and ad dress, and mail them to The Sunday Journal and Star. About the middle of January the winners will be named. Those of you who live in the immediate trade territories of Friend, Beatrice. Tecumseh, York, Aurora, and Fairbury, have chances to win locally. Each of those towns has a participating theater. Speed is imperative now. our entry, if mailed, must be postmarked before midnight Wed nesday, or if turned in at one of the theaters, must be in before close of business Wednesday night. You may be the one who is going to Hollywood in January, so If you haven't entered, now's'the time! . 12:M a.m.fttot - 2 l:!Ml p.m. .... 1 a.m. 21 X: p.m Ill X:M a.m. - SI X:0 p - m 1W S:M a.m. ...... tfl 4:JM p.m. 1 :M a.m 3 t:sn p.m is :a a.m X - S p.m l :H a.m - 7:M p.m ft ?:M a.m 1 S:M p.m 4 a.m 1 :M p.m X :XA a - m 1 10:S4 p.m X !: a.m ..IS 11:M p.m....... 4 ll - xe a.m. 1 1X:X a. no. t 1X:S p.m 11 Coins defense slogan SAN PEDRO. Calif. fINS). Commander Richard B. Coffman of the 11th nsval district coined a neat slogan Saturday as he warned defense workers to be se cretive about their work because "a slip of the lip may sink a ship.! Union agrees to v . arbitrate bus employe strike While flames still shot skyward Saturday night Mayor Juan No - lasco met with city authorities to formulate means of maintaining order. City officials also took steps to tighten Manila's conformity to the definition of an open city under international law. Cease Firing Pistols. Police and constabulary men were ordered to cease firing their side - arms at Japanese planes cir WASHINGTON. (UP). The wei ncu' IUW4C 5 siiCLiK ca.i i icx wva navubtniiuii via. i . . , , , . . JMW., UIVVU.V 1 t - - .:t 1 , 1 I ths avt 4n rrf H MnfAwiafMan4B (AFL) Saturday night agreed to "" "7 mendation for terminating a strike of Greyhound bus line operators and submitting the dispute to arbitration. Dr. John R. Steelman, U. S. director of conciliation, who an nounced the union's decision, said he expected company officials to submit their reply early Sunday so that operations could be resumed immediately. More than 1.500 i bus drivers are involved in the strike which has tied up the Greyhound's lines between 20 eastern and midwest cities. The government recommended that a three - man arbitration board be appointed not later than Monday. Steelman said that after the recommendation was offered it de veloped that the company's rep resentative, David Roadley, did not have suthority to give a final answer. Pacific battle not side issue to European war, warns Cnrtin HKMHrt tfrnpffvaUiM a ?r axa, X. lamest tetnprratai a jrrar (, St. Ko - rtae. 1:H a. m.t aaw. ft:M p. m. HUh - t fe - mperatar. XI arcre. Inft Urn - prratai. IP aVcvrva. Mraa temporal wr. 1 irtrfM. :X a. m. dry fcnlb 2, wrt bulb Jft. II :M p. m. ry bulb It, mt bulb 1. : p. m. ary bulb l. wet bata S. (Ftmirea fram t. awreaa.l TKMPKKATl RKS KLKKW HLRK. I i 1 ail Albany 41 t RUmarrk IV ft KooUn 4 Sa D. Motet .,.. 14 New Vara . .. .4 DaUrta 1 - X HhMM .a X Kansas Ctty ,.X8. X4 AbUeaa ...... .4 X Mpta.tM. r. ..Hi S Kl raaa . .... .aa XI Okl. CUjr .'...54' 24 M. Wwrta ... .48 M Omaha ......IS IS SSXatN. Vumm ....S3 M 4M Hhwi CUjr , la. X SX aa Hlraita Mt SX 15 4 VMIttMaa SO - t U Bivft , s XI tt Havre . - r - SS SN X4 I'Hoeaix 4H .12 SA . N. 1 City . . .Stl la X5 XI 1.. Aaartra ...ft 4S ialvata . , JarfcMmvilie Miami N. Ortraju . Alpraa . Cbtraaa . . . . Cincinnati Irmi Kaeaaaba Or Hay . taaiaaapnUa MaMi .... Maraarlt StYHyMas''Sfl v ,g MUwaaar . . a. Hart . MELBOURNE, Australia. JP. Prime Minister John Curtin declared in an article written for the Melbourne Herald Saturday that Australia refuses to regard the war in the Pacific as a side issue to the war in Europe and places her chief reliance in the United States. "I make it clear that Australia looks to America, free from any pangs about our traditional links of friendship to Britain," he said. 'We know Britain's problems. We know her constant Uireat is invasion. We know the dangers of dispersing strength but we know that Australia can go and Britain still will hold on. . "We are determined that Aus tralia shall not go. Weahall exert our energy toward shaping a plan, with the Umted States as its key stone, giving our country confi dence and ability to hold out until the tide of battle swings against the enemy. U. S., Australia Prime. "We refuse to accept the dictum that the Pacific struggle is a sub ti ts Parttaaa ... 4) xa I ordinate segment of the general i!.fjir. Ji i conflict The government regards 1 baaaaatea XX 3 Nt - attle 44 S2 4 X3 i"tkaa ..... 4 14 !M 1 ton . ...... .9 1 IX It aaaaiaa. X - X Mf. Hat 1S - 1W i ... - , - ! Mtaatprg I the Pacific trouble as primarily one in which the United States and Australia should have the fullest say in the direction of the fighting plan." The prime minister of this do minion of the British empire spoke out in apparent disagreement with views widely expressed in London and in some quarters in the united States that the Pacific war is less important than the war with Hitler. The war with Japan is not a phase in the struggle with the axis, he declared, but an entirely new war. Australia, close at hand to the new area of conflict, must accept immense changes in her life in order to go on to a complete war footing, he declared. Japan Prepared. "The attacker is so well prepared that we start very much behind scratch," he said. "The government, he added, is shaping its policy toward obtaining Russian aid and working out a plan of strategy with the United States, China, the Dutch and Britain. Before the war broke out in the far east, he said, Australia had tried to get a British - Russian agreement for detense against a Japanese attack, but this was then "wrongly regarded as premature. (An Exchange Telegraph dispatch to London quoted him as saying his point of view was very well understood "in places where it should be understood" and that he saw no possibility of going to VYashington.) fronts where heavy fighting con tinued. In the southern sector, a Japanese advance guard moving west from Mauban, on Lam on bay, was said to have reached Luisiana, 18 miles inland, while another detachment moving inland from At i mo - nan was said to have reached Sariaya, 28 miles to the west. The latter is only eight miles northwest of Lucena, capital of Tayabas province, and reports said the provincial capital had been transferred to Dolores. " Engineers, meanwhile, were said to be dynamiting bridges in the line of the Japanese advance. In the raid on Manila scores of men and women firemen at their posts, government employes, nuns in the ancient convent quarters were killed and wounded. At least 50 were dead, with the full toll yet uncounted as flames still licked at the wreckage and reddened the night sky. Crowds of indignant civilians, watching the flames sweep thru the dry wooden buildings of the walled town, demanded a "fight to the finish with the open city declaration revoked and troops and anti - aircraft batteries brought back to defend the capital. For the first two and a half hours the Japanese attacked the harbor and piers. They came in circling waves in groups of nine, nine, nine, eight and seven - smashing at one target after another, then wheeling back to get it if they missed the first time. One squadron then roared in from the bay over the walled town and dropped about ten bombs, one of which scored a direct hit on the roof of the treasury building and accounted for most of the casualties. Their target might have been ships in the Pasig river, but the majority of the bombs fell within the mile - square walled town which runs from the waterfront to the river. Three bombs struck the Santa Domingo church, which dates back to 1588, and others scored direct hits on the Santa Rosa girls primary school and the Santa Cata - lina girla' secondary school. They crashed down on the ancient roofs, their explosions blowing out the walls of nearby buildings and fill ing the streets with wreckage. Casualties would have been far greater but for the fact that the schools were closed when the war started and many inhabitants of the walled town were evacuated when Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur and his staff left Fort Santiago in complying with the terms of the open city, declaration. Koocoipy towns around 3Io8eoW MOSCOW. (Sunday). .f. The Russians announced Sunday the fast - striding soviet offensive has rolled the Germans back on a broad. 180 mile front along the southern flank of the Moscow defense arc. The Russians said their forces, encountering stiffened resistanoe, rqpnecupied a number of points on the entire Moscow front. The Soviets were believed buttressing their massive land offensive with a sea - borne counter - invasion of the Crimea across the strait of Kerch, narrow bottleneck link between the sea of Asov and the Black sea. This opinion was voiced in informed London quarters following the German announcement that four troop - laden Russian transports had been sunk and numerous others damsged in these waters by nazi bombers. Used Invasion Boats. The London tnrmants pointed out the vessels reported destroyed naturally would be the type used for just such an invasion. Further more, they said it was unllke - Jy that any attempt would be made to send large numbers of troops thru the straits for any other purpose. A successful back door counter - thrust into the Crimea by way of the Kerch strait would eliminate the last immediate German threat to the Caucasus oil fields. In the Ukraine, the Russians reported recapture of Melekhovo. near Belgorod 45 miles northeast Kharkov on the Moscow - Rostov ail line. The army organ Red Star said residents of Melekhovo reported the Germans had executed 90 of their men and 100 Italians for refusing to fight. Dispatches from the Leningrad front said the Germans were fighting stubbornly as they fell back and had left 600 land mines in less than a mile on a single road. Undersea attacks on Pacific coast : shipping crippled SAN FRANCISCO. (UP). U. S. counter attacks have crippled enemy submarine warfare against Pacific coast shipping, the navy disclosed Saturday. The navy said that the undersea raiders still are operating off the coast, altho the last officially reported attack on a Pacific coastal vessel occurred on Wednesday. Dec. 24. 1 1 Submarines, presumably Japanese, attacked nine ships most of them off the coast of California - between Dec. 18 and Dec. 23. One vessel, the tanker Monte hello, was sunk. "Counter measures" mentioned by the navy included the sinking of an enemy submarine by a U. S. bomber off the California coast, announced on Christmas day. ; IIMTIIIITIIIINIVII II II II mill! JIIU II L ...II. HIJIIlK . - Britihh raid Singora CHUNGKING. .P. The Chinese radio said British planes Saturday raided Singora and other Japanese held bases in Thai territory north of the border with Malaya, In Today's Paper Section A Main News. t" Section B Sports, Markets, Want Ads. Section C Society, Clubs. Section D - Editorials, Features,! Theaters, Radio. SPECIAL WRITERS. - Kathleen Norris ....... Page 2 - b Dr. William Brady..... .Page 7 - C Ely Culbertson ........Page 8 - A Mary Gordon ..Page 5 - D John Bentley ......... Page 3 - 8 Cy Sherman Page 2 - B J. E. Lawrence ..Page 4 - D Mark Sullivan . Page 5 - D Barney Oldfte'.d ...Page 6 - D FEATURES. Crossword Puzzle .Page 5 - 0 Churches , Page 9 - A Editorials Page 4 - 0 Helen and Warren...... Page 3 - D Gallup Poll .....Page 2 - A Fraternal ............. Page 5 - C Novel .Page 7 - 0 Radio Programs ..,. Page 8 - D Theaters ....Page6 - 0 Fashions. Bookt rage 8 - C Golden Weddings Page, 5 - D The World This Week.,. Page 8 - B

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