74th Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL' 15. 1964 $1.50 Per Month Twenty-Four Pages 10 Cents Goldwater joins LeMay in Pentagon missile dispute WINNING CANDIDATES - Viclorious City Council candf- dates William T. Hortzell, standing left, ond Jock B. Cummings were on hand at the City Hall election center lost night to receive up-to-the-minute returns from yesterday's city election. City Councilman Robert Wagner, seated, posts the totals which show both Hartzell and Cummings ahead by a wide margin. Story and election returns on page five. (Daily Facts photo by Ron Kibby) France refuses declaration against Reds MANILA (UPI) - France to day refused to join its South East Asia IVealy Organization (SEATO) partners in a declaration tliat tiie defeat of the Communists in South Viet Nam is essential to Southeast Asia's security. The declaration was part of the joint communique issued at the end of SEATO's three - day ministers' meeting here. During the talks, all of the alliance members rejected President Charles de Gaulle's plan for neutralization of North and South Viet Nam. Stossen's name SACRAMENTO (UPI) - Harold Stassen's effort to get on California's June 2 Republican preadential primary ballot will go to the state Supreme Court Thursday, his supporters said today. South Viet Nam forces suffer heavy casualties SAIGON (UPI)—Government forces suffered heavy casualties in three days of running battles with the Viet Cong guerrillas in the Communist-infested Mekong River Delta south of Saigon, according to reports today. At least 256 Vietnamese soldiers were killed, wounded or missing in the fighting which raged in Chuong Thien Province from Sunday to Tuesday. One American was killed and T wounded in operation "Dan Chi 33" (peoples wheel). Another American was injured in another operation on Tuesday. Official American military sources said 31 soldiers were killed and 39 wounded v/hen re treating Viet Cong guerrillas ambushed pursuing Vietnamese troops about 125 miles south Saigon. There were no known Cora raunist losses in the ambush fighting which began Monday night and lasted into Tuesday morning. A U. S. Army helicopter crewmen was killed and seven American military personnel were wounded when reinforcements were flown into the province Sunday to clear Met Cong guerrillas from an overrun dis trict headquarters. 7963 income tax returns due by midnight tonight Weather Redlands Today Highest 95, Lowest 57 One Year Ago Highest 66, Lowest 48 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset S:17 a.m. —6:21 p.m. No smog, allowable burning. San Bernardino Valley; Sunny Thursday. Lows tonight 46-52. Cooler Thursday afternoon. U.S. Weather Bureau Noon Forecast Unseasonably warm weather which has prevailed in Southern California coastal sections for the past three days is expected to end Thursday when the easterly flow of desert air is replaced by a westerly flow of marine air. Highs Thursday from the coast inland to the slopes of the coastal mountains will be 8-15 degrees cooler than today. There will be increasing night and morning fog and bw clouds near and off the coast, but elsewhere skies will remain clear. Temperatures and precipita tion for the 24-hour period ended at 4 a.m.: High Low Preeip. Boston Chicago Cincinnati Denver Fairbanks Fort Worth Heloia Honolnlu Kansas City Las Vegas Los Angeles Minneapolis New York Oklahoma City Palm Springs Sacramento Salt Lake City San Francisco SeatUe Washinfton WASHINGTON (UPI) - Mid night tonight is the witching hour for an estimated 9 mill'on Americans filing last - minute 1963 federal income tax returns. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) was braced for a flood of late returns today. It was esUmated that nearly one seventh of all the returns the IRS is expecting—9 million — would pour info tax offices before the midnight deadline. Returns must be postmarked by midnight tonight if the taxpayer is to avoid interest and penalty charges. Those prevented from filing on time for some reason may get an extension from their local tax office. Rep. John J. Rhodes, R-Ariz.. believes that the least the government can do for the taxpayers is to allow him to mail ui his return postage-free. He esti mated it would cost the gov emment between"?3 million and $4 million. "Most private creditors show their customers the courtesy of a self-return, pre-paid envelope, and it occurs to me that such a concession might mitigate the agony of this annual experience," Rhodes said, adding that he planned to introduce legisla^ tion to that effect. 60 50 1.52 62 43 70 36 68 38 14 -U 77 46 67 44 81 70 64 46 84 52 95 66 51 29 59 52 .94 74 48 99 61 89 56 68 43 82 58 52 43 .02 68 59 J21 Double amputee flier loses full flight status CORONADO (UPI)—Lt. Frank K. Ellis, 30, the Navy's only double amputee filer, has lost his bid to regain full flight sta tus, he disclosed today. But he will be allowed to con tinue his career as a Navy flier —subject to certain restrictions. Ellis said he was advised by. Undersecretary of the Navy Paul B. Fay Jr. by telephone Tidewater Oil, Humble merger blocked by US. LOS ANGELES (UPI) -The Justice Department Tuesday night filed suit to bbck sale of Tidewater Oil Co.'s West Coast operations to TT^;mhlp oil Co. for $329 million. One of the biggest anti-merger actions ever sought by the government, the ci^il complaint charged the transaction would eliminate competition between the two firms in violation of the nation's anti - trust laws. The suit also named Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey, Humble's parent company and the largest industrial corporation in the nation. last Friday that his temporary Group 3 flight status had been made permanent — meaning he can fly only dual controlled aircraft with a qualified copilot. 'I received the news with mixed emoUons," the legless aviator confessed. "I w a s disappointed because I felt I could handle the job, but looking at the over-all picture I am glad that I am able to continue my] career in the Navy. He proved his determination and ability to fly alone by scoring above average grades on a series of grueling mental and physical tests last October and January at the Pensacola, Fla., Naval Air Stafion — including parachute jumping and swimming tests. Ellis lost his legs July 12, 1952, when he stayed with his disabled Cougar jet long enough to insure it would not crash in a residential area near Pomt Mugu, Clalif. He ejected only 65 feet above the ground—235 feet under the mimmum required for his parachute to open fully. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, the nation's third highest peacetime award, for his action in averting a possible disaster. Unruh to press for modified education bill SACRAMENTO (UPI) — Assembly Speaker Jesse M. Unruh today watered down his controversial educational reform and financing bill and said he would push for its approval by the Legislature. The Inglewood Democrat announced at his weekly news conference with Senate leader Hugh M. Burns, D-Fresno, that he wcfuld "grandfather in" all present unified school districts. Origmally, the b i 11 required that additional state money go only to unified school districts with an average daily attendance of more than 2,000 with certain exceptions for isolated districts. In addition, he changed the measure to allow equal state aid for all school districts next fiscal year and grant an additional $15 per student in the next year for unified school districts. "I intend to prosecute this bill with as much vigor as I can," Unruh told newsmen. The bill now is in the tower cham ber Ways and Means (Committee and is expected to come up for a vote Thursday morning to send it to the Assembly floor. WASHINGTON (UPI) — Sen. Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz., quickly stepped into a "nuclear gap" dispute today on the jide of Gen. Curtis LeMay whose warning that U. S. superiority was being narrowed by the Russians was repudiated by the Defense Department At a Pentagon ceremony, Goldwater, an active candidate for the GOP presidential nomi- naUon, told newsmen: "I still think it imwise for the secretary of defense to continue to try to fool the American public into thinking we have a missile system ready to go." The Defense Department statement contradicting LeMay's claims was not issued in the name of Defense Secretary Rob ert S. McNamara. But Pentagon observers said he was determined to answer criticisms as fast as they arise. McNamara, they said, believes that the creation of a "myth" of declining U.S. military strength would be' highly dangerous in the current cold war situation. LeMay, Air Force chief of staff, charged that Russia was narrowing" the gap between Soviet and American nuclear strength in testimony before a House appropriations subcommittee which made it public Tuesday. Goldwater said he is convinced the Soviet missile sys tem has been more thoroughly tested and that he agrees with LeMay that iixe U. S. strategic force "must be a mLted force with emphasis on bomtwrs." The Defense Department took unusual steps Tuesday to contradict LeMay's testimony. Defense officials said McNamara is deeply convinced that statements such as those by LeMay and (lOldwater not only could undermine the coun try's confidence but are not borne out by the facts. The Pentagon statement claimed overwhelming U. S. superiority in intercontinental missiles, bombers and missile-launching submarines. The officials said McNamara's deep conviction was the reason he was willing to declassift' information previously top secret to answer the arguments. The effect was to propel into the open the controversy within the department over the size of the nuclear weapons arsenal and the need for developing a new bomber for the 19?0s. The department obviously was stung by LeMay's testimony, which was given a House appropriations subcommittee in February but made public only Tuesday. Between the time that he testified and the publication of his views, LeMay was reappointed by President Johnson as Air Force ctiief for a term running until Feb. 1, 1965. The LeMay testimony that (Continued on Page 4) Goldwater wins 65 pet. of Illinois vote 200-pounds of thermometers test space heat CAPE KENNEDY (UPI) Scientists successfully fired a 200-pound package of thermometers into space Tuesday to study atmospheric heat The payload rocketed back to earth at 25,000 miles per hour, sbreaking across the sky like a fiery meteor and plunged into the South AUantic Ocean about 5,200 mUes southeast of here. Herbert -A. Wilson, manager of Project Fire, said preliminary data radioed back from the paytoad "looked very favorable." The spacecraft was designed to take more than 300 measureinents of space heat for scientists to ptot the safe return of astronauts from the moon and other planetary voy-' ages. CHICAGO (VPD-Sen. Barry, Goldwater had his first presi denUal primary victory today] but because a whitebaired lady from Mame captured nearly 25 per cent of the vote he may have to wait to see how his Illinois win pays off in the White House swepstakes. Goldwater took IlUnois' GOP primary by nearly 65 per cent Tuesday over Mame's Sen. Margaret Chase Smith in. an election where all^jut Goldwater backer WUUam J. Scott was drubbed by Chicago industrial-l ist Charles H. Percy in a bitter battle for the gubernatorial nomination. Goldwater, jolted by a write- in upset last month in New Hampslure at the hands of Henry Cabot Lodge, hailed his Illinois victory and his campaign field directors called it a "great triumph," Surprise PollHcal Obsirvers But the results were a surprise to some Illinois political observers who expected Goldwater to pull down at least 80 per cent of the vote in this com belt "Goldwater country." It was apparent today that more than 150,000 Republicans went to the polls to vote for governor but did not mark their ballots for any presidential candidate. There were other surprises from Illinois and they came by\ the write-in route. Alabama Ck>v, George C. Wal lace, the Democratic segregationist with no organization behind him here, rolled up more than twice as many write-ins as New York Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller. Wallace garnered write- ins on both Republican and Democratic ballots, but even his Republican total alone was enough to edge the New York governor. Lodges Attracts Many Henry Cabot Lodge led the flurry of write-in votes to take 6 per cent of the Republican vote. Illinois Gov. Otto Kemer, run- ing with no opposition, counted nearly as many votes as Us Republican rivals did com-, bined. WiUi 9,395 of 10,256 precincts counted, 5,115 of them in Cook County (Chicago), Uie GOP presidential vote was: Goldwater 457,074 Smith 182,040 Lodge 464681 Nixon 22.213 Promises he will be ruthless Khrushchev attacks Mao by name for first time MOSCOW (UPI) - Premier, Nikita Khrushchev, openly attacking Mao Tze-tung by name, declared today he would be "ruthless" against the Commu nist Chinese for bringing world communism to the "verge of split- Khrushchev, who has been repeatedly ridiculed by Peking, was believed never before to have mentioned his rival Mao by name in his public attacks OQ the Chinese. Waving his arms, excitedly forgetting his prepared text, Khrushchev told a jammed So^ viet-Polish friendship rally in the Kremlin that he was now in an "open conflict" wiUi the Chinese which was "much graver" than a mere theoreti cal dispute. The premier today also won for the first time the declared support of Poland for his pro posed world Communist summit conference to take action against Peking. This was dis closed after Khrushchev an nounced a 20-year extension of the Soviet - Polish friendship treaty and a new economic agreement until 1970. Polish Communist party leadei- Wladyslaw Gomulfca made the pledge in a speech that followed Khrushchev's. Khrushchev heaped scorn on Mao's economic theories, quoting the Chtaese chairman by name several times. Diplomats and Western observers could could not recall any previous Rail talks narrow issues in dispute WASHINGTON (UPI)-Prcsi dent Johnson said today that rail union and management negotiations have narrowed their differences but there is no settlement yet in the four-year-old dispute. Johnson called for renewed, intensive mediation, and called for a definitive report on those efforts by this weekend. "We should know definitely, not later than ne.xt Monday, whether the parties to this dis- King Hussein confers with Johnson WASHINGTON (UPI)-President Johnson confers wiUi King Hussein of Jordan today about U.S. aid to the Arab nation and about the increasingly touchyi situati'on in the Middle East Johnson and Hussein, 29, got down to business ahnost at once Tuesday with a work session after the king arrived at the White House by helicopter from Philadelphia to open a three- day visit The President and his wife were host to Hussein at a formal dinner Tuesday night Bockefefler 1,759 Romney 375 Scranton 1,296 Wallace ._ 2,134 With 9,565 precincts counted. 5,090 of them in Cook County, tile Republican vote for governor was: Percy 551,620 Scott 340,815 Syria smashes armed plot DAMASCUS, Syria-(UPI) — The Syrian government announced today it smashed an "armed ptot" by "feudalists" to start a revolt in. the central Syrian town of Hama. The government declared the city under a curfew and state of emergency. The official Damascus Radio said 19 persons, most of them members of two of Hama's leadmg families, were arrested. pute wiU settle it by the process of bargaining and responsible reason," Johnson said in a statement read to newsmen in the White House cabinet room. "The country expects that answer to be yes," the President added. He made the statement following a White House conference with the government's five-man team of mediators, negotiators for boUi sides and a group of railroad presidents. Johnson said, "boUi sides are trying their dead-level best to reach agreement The President has asked his special mediators to give him direct reference to Mao in the millions of words of abuse which had been heaped on the Chinese. Khrushchev also ridiculed Chinese Foreign Minister Chou En-Lai by name. 'It is not ourselves who initiated this dispute which has by now transgressed into an open conflict" Khrushchev declared. 'Lenin was ruthless against faction makefs and splitters and we shall follow his behest' Khrushchev said. Diplomatic observers said Khrushchev, who is now lining up support from his allies against Peking, had never previously gone as far. in describing the extent of the historic conflict Ridiculing, lecfairing and threatening the Chinese, Khrushchev also found time in a 90 - minute speech to call again for a German peace treaty which would turn Berlin into a "demilitarized free city" and to announce a 20-year extension of the Polish - Soviet friendship treaty. He backed Poland's plan for a "freeze" of nuclear weapon* in Central Europe, praised his guests, Gomulka and Polish Premier Josef Cyrankiewicz, and attacked West German "revenge seeking militarism." Income tax evasion Sfraffon, ex-governor of Illinois, indicfed CHICAGO (UPI)-Former HU- nois Gov. William G. Stratton, whose administration was rocked by the Orville Hodge em bezzlement scandal, has been in dieted on charges of evading nearly $47,000 in federal income taxes while in office, it was announced today. U.S. Dist Atty. Wflliam Hanrahan disctosed that the indictment was returned by a federal grand jury April 9 but kept secret until today so as not to disturb an orderly election" in Tuesday's Illinois primary. The government charged that Sbratton, a Republican, failed to report $92,000 in income from 1957 tiirough 1960, during his second term as governor. Hanrahan said Stratton received the money from "sources other than small business." The disbict attorney would not elaborate further on the source of the alleged unreported income. Gov. Otto Kemer's press secretary, Chris Vlahoplus, said Internal Revenue Service agents tor three years had been "in and out of our office... looking at travel vouchers and expense accounts." "We know they were in the auditor's office also," he said, "but we don't know what they looked into." Auditor Served Time Hodge, former "golden boy" of Illinois politics and state auditor under Stratton, was sent to prison in 1957 for embezzling $1.5 million dollars in state funds. He was paroled in 1963 after serving more than six years and is now a clerk in his sister's hardware store in Granite City, IlL Stratton's one-time adminis- ti-ative assistant, William W. (Smoky) Downey, four years ago was granted probation after admitting non-payment of $43,480 in mcorae taxes for the years 1953 through 1936. Hanrahan said he was not certain wheUier Stratton had been served with Uie indictment and Stratton was not immediately available for comment Wrote 'Silent Spring' Author Rochel Corson dies of cancer at 56 a progress report today on how things had gone in the five days since bargaining resumed after Johnson obtained a pos^ne- ment of a nattonwide strike Uireat The new strike deadline is April 25. New test site SAN JUAN CAPISTRANO (UPI)—TRW Space Technotogy Laboratories Tuesday dedicated its new $6.5 millton Capisbrano Test Site. SILVER SPRLNG, Md. (UPI) -Author-scientist Rachel Carson, a genUe, shy woman who stirred a mighty storm with her pen, died Tuesday of cancer at the age of 56. Miss Carson's controversial 1962 best-seUer, "Silent Spring," spurred the federal government to action with a warning that man was poisoning his world with pesticides. She touched off a Senate investigation and a government crackdown on pesticide use. The Springdale, Pa., native said that wholesale use of chemical pesticides already had caused "severe, and in some cases cat-| astrophic" losses of wildlife. and asserted that human lives were threatened, too. Interior Secretary Stewart L. Udall and Sen. Abraham A. Ribicoff, D-Cbnn., who spearheaded the Senate study of pesticide dangers, eulogized Miss Carson Tuesday night 'Rachel Carson was the kind of woman who makes men proud, % Kieotjct of rare cour age and ability and a world- renowned author whose eye was trained to destiny of generations she would never see," UdaU said. Ribicoff said Miss Carson, 'more than any other smgle person, was aware of the great changes taking place in our environment Rachel Carson alerted the enture world to the hazards that were being created fay man changing the natural processes of nature." "SUent Spring," the fourth and last of Miss Carson's books, led to a special study by the late President John F. Kennedy's science advisory committee. Its report, issued in May 1963, warned that the natural enviromnent is suffering "increasing contamina tion" from chemical poisons widely used to control plants and insect pests. Among other recommendations, it urged an orderly reduction in the use of such pesticides as DDT that leave long- lasting residues in the air, soil and water.
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