Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 17, 1963 · Page 4
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July 17, 1963

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Wednesday, July 17, 1963
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fl^Mjbyw RiatetofrMalL Gatisbura, III, Wed,, July 17, 1963 f TThb Where It Begins or Ends? 5 U.S. Does Business Wit^S^ By FUtf ON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - Orville Pre*, man got out of town just in time. The Secretary of Agriculture has departed for a month-long "working vacation" behind the Iron Curtain. Angry members of Congress must wait until mid-August before they can question him about a British vessel his. department chartered to carry surplus grain from this country to Formosa. The freighter, the London Statesman, was scheduled to sail from the Gulf of Mexico on July 5, arriving in the Orient on the 15th. It was to carry surplus foodstuffs under provisions of Public Law 480. THE SHIP, several Congressmen have since discovered, is owned by London and Overseas Freighters, Ltd. This firm has chartered 75 per cent of its ship­ ping capabilities to • the Soviet Union and its vessels make up ap* proximately one-half of the entire British tonnage now engaged in Cuban trade. . It controls a second firm, London and Overseas Tankers, Ltd., which has carried more oil to Cuba than any other single company since Fidel^ Castro came to power. The administration has made a half-hearted attempt to curtail free world shipping with Castro- land. The attempts have failed, official figures show. Thirty-three British ships sailed to Cuba in the five months ending May 31, 1963. The Greeks have engaged 23 ships in Cuban trade, the Lebanese 14, the Italians 7, the Norwegians 5, the Spaniards 2. West Germany, Japan, Morocco and Sweden have all had one ship sail to Cuba. BECAUSE of loopholes In the administration plan to curtail Cuban trade, any foreign steamship company that owns more than one vessel is permitted td contlnu* tirade with Cuba and at the mm time carry U.S. government *fl* naticed cargo on other ships, The American Maritime Assoc!* alion has urged the President to issue new and stronger shipping orders to halt the flow of goods to Cuba. The association, which • . . \ p ™> Pastt Present If I have made gold my trust, or called fine gold my confidence;— Job 31:24. * * • You shall not press down upon the brow of Jabot* this crown of thorns—you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of Gold I— W. J. Bryan. represents 40 per cent of the Amer< lean merchant marine, suggests ft new order denying government cargoes to those sWpowners who use any of thCif vessels in Cuban trade, regardless of whether they are owned by the parent organization or a subsidiary. , Florida Kep. Paul Rogers (D.) goes further. He demands the President deny the use of our ports to ships carrying the flags of countries that trade With Cuba. "The British," he says, "would think twice about jhipping to Castro if we banned the Queen Mary from New York Harbor." ' ON THE SENATE SIDE, South Dakota's Karl Mundt is another who urges tough action on the President's part. His proposal is similar to that of Rogers: "I ask a Presidential statement that henceforth commerce in American ports will be denied to the shipi of any country which permits Ik merchant vessels to engage in trade of any kind — e*« cept medical supplies — to Cat* tro's Cuba." Rogers and Mundt make their demands in the wake of a broad* cast by Radio Havana ridiculing the administration's present plant to stop Cuban trade, Note: A Montana Congressman, Republican Jim Batdn, has rt* peated his demands that Freeman resign. He says federal funds wert used to lobby for passage of tha administration wheat plan in tht referendum. THE SCHEME was defeated by a top -heavy margin and Free* man's prestige plummeted to a new low. In addition to Battin, Senate leader Everett Dlrksen and House leader Charles Halleck hava suggested the Secretary quit. Copyright, 1963 Europe Plan Could Harm American Tropics EDITORIAL Co 11 1 i i ent and Review The Chamizal Accord Imminent announcement that Mexico and the United States have agreed on settlement of the Chamizal border dispute will wipe out what President Kennedy has called "a black mark" on the record of the United Stales. Official sources in Washington are quoted as saying that a "general understanding" had been reached on all major points and that a final draft of the agreement will be announced in the next week or ten days. The Chamizal—".big thicket"—is a tract of about 83 city blocks in downtown El Paso, Tex. Most of the area was in Mexico when the boundary was established by the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. But the Rio Grande shifted course between 1852 and 1864, putting the Chamizal on the United States side of the river. After an international boundary commission had failed to agree on the proper demarcation, the two nations agreed to arbitration. But in 1911, the United States rejected an award which gave Mexico the best of the bargain. Understandably, Mexico has ever since rejected arbitration on the issue. South of the border the Chamizal has become a symbol of "Gringo imperialism." Pro- Castro agitators in Venezuela and elsewhere have exploited the Chamizal dispute of late. It is reported the settlement will cost the United States up to $50 million, but American officials believe it is worth that and much more to get rid of this irritant in Mexican- American relations. By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN IF, AS HAS been reported, the six members of the European Economic Community are ready to extend all their own preferential trade agreements to the former Belgian, French and Italian colonies of Africa, it will create the biggest free market in history. This is something to be welcomed by any believer in freedom. But the side effects, from the standpoint of a United States which is struggling to support the tropical economies of Latin America, some of which are competitive with Africa, may not be all to the good. .The whole business is ironical, to say the least. The United States has never been "imperialistic" in relation to the African countries. Indeed, it has sometimes erred on the side of an offensively superior self-righteousness toward imperialists, notably when it was lecturing the French on how to deal with Algeria. Our nobility is about to receive an ex . post facto slap, for, when a comprehensive trade pact is signed by the European Economic Community countries and the new African nations, it will signify an admission that the colonial past in the erstwhile Dark Continent had its good points. The growth in economic cooperation between Western Europe and the African tropics and sub-tt'opics will continue from bases that were established ' long ago, a tacit avowal that something of benefit to both sides was started m the "imperialistic" and "colonial" 19th Century. SINCE TRADE between the United States and such former African dependencies of West Europe as Senegal, Upper Volta and the French and Belgian Congos has never bulked very large, American exporters and importers will,not be directly affected THE DOCTOR SAYS New Chemical Aids Those With Chronic Canker Sores By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Written for Newspaper Enterprise Assn. by a preferential EEC-African economic agreement. The U. S. has, traditionally, taken its coffee from Central America and from Brazil, its bananas from United Fruit plantations around the Caribbean. But if our own patterns of trade with the tropics will hardly be affected by the Creation of a new free market extending from the Netherlands on the north to the Belgian Congo and Madagascar on the south, our political relationship to a country like Brazil might be profoundly jolted. The prospect for trouble can be read in certain statistics recently assembled by the Chase Manhattan Bank in New York. In 1961, so the bank's economists report, the six nations of the European Economic Community imported $98 million of coffee from former African dependency countries. But the EEC market also absorbed more than this amount of coffee from Brazil alone. The elimination of tariffs on African tropical products such as coffee and cacao will mean that Brazil will be selling less to the nations of Western Europe. SINCE THE Goulart government in Brazil is having a terrible time attempting to control a raging inflation, any loss of markets for Brazilian coffee exporters is bound to have serious political repercussions. The poorer Brazil gets in terms of foreign exchange, the more fertile the opportunity for the local supporters of a Castro-type communism. And the United States must either be prepared to give Brazil further economic infusions in the shape of grants or loans, or else stand helplessly by while the Goulart government mutates further toward a Castroite left. This gloomy prospect could be mitigated if the European Economic Community nations and the former African colonies of Belgium, France and Italy were to take a leaf out of the life sfnry of the late U. S. Secretary of State, Cordell Hull, who liked to see "most favored nation" clauses written into trade agreements. For. the sake of Latin American countries like Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador, the EEC might be persuaded to even up the advantages accorded to African nations by extending the "most favored nation" tariff t reductions or eliminations to the American and Asiatic tropics. This would be done as a matter of self-protection, for if communism leaps a few more barriers and takes over hi Brazil or Guatemala it will do Western Europe no good. INCIDENTALLY, former British African colonies such as Nigeria and Ghana also stand to lose trade if the EEC compact with the former French, Belgian and Italian African dependencies goes through. Africa, as a unit, would benefit if the shade of old Cordell Hull could be invoked to give Nigeria and Ghana the "most favored nation" treatment. Copyright 1963 ILLINOIS TAX FACTS: Assembly Changes Tax Responsibility A Failure and A Promise That a new .Federation of Malaysia now exists in Southeast Asia is a healthy and hopeful sign. Any kind of solid offset to Indonesia is welcome in the free world. It is too bad that the Borneo territory of Brunei, rich in oil, chose at the final hour to stay out of the new federation. But evidently the prospect remains strong that it will soon join. A dispute over finances lies at the root of its present delay. No one may pretend that in size, resources and people the Malaysian federation will prove a true match for mighty Indonesia. Yet it can hardly fail to act as a brake on Indonesian President Sukarno. Indonesia and Sukarno, taken together, represent one of the great failures among the emergent peoples of the postwar era. This sprawling island nation is one of the most naturally blessed in riches of any land on earth. Under proper guidance it should have been a thriving place, a model of what a "new" people can do, a bulwark of independence with a people wholly hostile to tyrannical communism. In fact, it is probably one of the most mismanaged countries on the Rlobe. Fantastic resources are inadequately developed. So bad is the situation that this lush tropical territory has had to import foodstuffs. Sukarno has set an example as nn irresponsible wastrel. And when he has not been Keeking his own pleasure in other lands, he has outraged international political morality by undertaking such adventures as the campaign for seizure of West New Guinea. Because he unconscionably plays East against West, Sukarno gained West New Guirt : ea. The United States and other Western powers pressed the weary Dutch to yield this once colonial land, even though it has no racial and cultural but only the thinnest administrative ties with Indonesia. ' That was a victory for Sukarno's rampant immorality in Southeast Asia. It was prime evidence that even a newly emergent nation can be "colonial" in the name of anticolonial- ism. For a time Sukarno appeared ready to buck also the new federation of Malaysian peoples. But somehow or other saner coun- , sols managed to prevail and he stopped short of action which for all practical purpose would have aligned him with the world's worst modern aggressors. For Malaysia is a fact. If Brunei comes in, the federation surely will not be poor. It has a golden opportunity to help stabilize fluid conditions in Southeast Asia. Not only can it serve as balance wheel, but it can offer itself as proud example of how a new country can marshal its resources and people to serve its independent destiny. The embarrassment of comparison might even lead Indonesia one clay to seek new, responsible leadership which could realize its amazing potential and set it on the same high course. The Newsman's Dilemma One of the bills least likely to succeed in the 88th Congress is a new measure by Sen. Kenneth B. Keating, R-N.Y., to guarantee reporters the right to protect their news sources. Repeated efforts since 1929—including an attempt by Keating four years a^o—to persuade Congress that the "newsmen's privilege" ghould receive statutory recognition have been to no avail. Sen. Keating says his intent is to slrrn^th- en the public's right to enjoy a free press (without removing the right of redress through libel or slander suits). He has in mind instances in which newspapermen obtain from confidential sources facts to unmask wrongdoing they otherwise could not get. Legally speaking, newsmen protect sources at their own peril in most situations. Most reporters consider it just another occupational hazard to go to jail rather than disclose the identity of an informant. A reporter for the London Daily Mail, for example, was released from prison on July 5 after having served lour months for refusing to tell a British tribunal investigating the Vassail spy cast the source of his information. Two executives of the Philadelphia Bulletin are sweating out a state supreme court appeal from a lower court contempt of court sentence of 5 days in jail and $1,000 fines for refusal to identify sources before a grand jury probing corruption in Philadelphia. Mo.-t Kval authorities contend that the public is entitled to every man's evidence in courts of Before legislative bodies, how- over, the rase for compulsory disclosure is weaker. Congressional committees in recent years have been carefel to avoid making martyrs out of newsmen. A Scripps-Howard reporter cm May 24 declined to tell Sen. Mct'lel- lan's subcommittee the sources for Jus story predicting in advance that General Dynamics wouJd win the TFX-iighter plane contract. Although th's testimony could have a crucial bearing on the TFX investigation. Son Me- C'lellan declined to set the stace lor po»ib!e contempt proceedings, lie reiu-ed, at lca>t for the time-being, a Jo! low senator's request thai McL'itfiiau direct the repoiier to answer. Q—My husband gets canker sores in his mouth. He has used many treatments but they always come back and are hard to get rid of. What causes them and is there any cure? A—Canker sores are usually caused by a virus. Bt in some persons a food allergy appears to be the cause. Recurrences are the rule rather than the exception. . A new chemical 5-iododeoxyuri- dine, has been found to cure the disease. A solution of the drug is painted on the sore or it is applied in an ointment. Healing occurs in'l to 5 days instead of the usual 2 or 3 weeks. Furthermore recurrences are ipparently checked although the drug has not been used long enough to be sure of this. The drug is not yet on the market but it can be obtained from Smith, Kline and. French by your doctor. Q—My doctor says I have nasal polyps which must be removed. Is this a serious operation? A—Although all operations are serious, the removal of nasal polyps is relatively simple. Since such polyps are often caused by an allergy you should have this angle investigated. If allergy is the cause and it is not treated, the polyps will return after Uicy have been removed. If they are interfering with your breathing they should, of course, be cut out. Q—Will the prolonged use of nicotinic acid have any side effects? It was prescribed along REMINISCING Of Bygone Years FIFTY YEARS AGO Thursday, July 17, 1913 Ice companies did a fantastic amount of business in Galesburg during the heat spell. Both companies had eight wagons working each day. Members of the executive board of the State Farmers' Institute were in Galesburg making arrangements for the annual meeting of the organization. with meclizine (Bonine) for dizzy spells. A—Small or moderate doses of nicotinic acid, which is a vitamin, may be taken for prolonged periods without harmful side effects. Very large doses may cause flushing, of the face and neck, but even this is not harmful and quickly passes. Q—My 17-year-old daughter has severe cramps with the onset of each menstrual period. These cramps may make her vomit. Nothing she has ever tried has helped her. What would you suggest? A—Although menstrual crar ps are common they are not usually as severe as those you describe. Since the usual pain killers have not given any relief, yo::r doctor may want to have your da light r try dienestrol (Synestrol) daily in the interval between her periods. The dose must be carefully adjusted to n. -t your daughter's ir'ividual need. This drug has relieved 90 per ' of those on whom it has been liie»\ If this does not work, emotional factors must be sought because some girls build up enormous, tensions ov r this natural function, if this is <'••» cause, the sympathetic guidance of a d 'or trained in treating emotional difficulties should be eot>r<Ited, In _x- trenie cases the sympathetic nerve roots ro. ' * out of the lower segments of the spinal cord have been cut, but such extreme measures are rarely advisable. Please send your questions and comments to Dr. Wayne G. Brandstadt, M.D., in care of this paper. While Dr. Brandstadt cannot answer individual letters, he will answer letters of general interest in futut'e columns. TWENTY YEARS AGO Saturday, July 17, 1943 Another delay in the adoption of tiie annual school levy ordinance occurred when the Galesburg Board of Education was forced to postpone a special meeting. Members of the Bluebird t'luh were entertained at a luncheon in tht 3 home of Mrs. Glen Anderson at Soangetaha Country Club. Now You Know By United Press International New York City's Times Square area, the nation's theatrical center, also was the birthplace of one of America's greatest playwrights. According to his biographers, Eugene O'Neill was borji at Broadway and 43rd St., on Oct. 16, 1888. Not Wanted MIAMI iAP> - Probation officer Russ Eavenson was asked to leave his desk behind when his office was moved into Dade County's new Criminal Courts Budding. Inspectors had found termites in Eavenson's desk. By MAURICE W. SCOTT, Executive Secretary, Taxpayers' Federation of Illinois ' AN IMPORTANT AMENDMENT was made and approved by the Illinois Senate to House Bill 674 during the closing days of the- recent legislative session, the Taxpayers' Federation of Illinois reported today. House Bill 674, as introduced, would have made every corporate officer of a company liable for the sales and use tax of such company, if he had willful knowledge that such taxes were collected and not turned over to the state. In this form, the T.F.I, felt that to impose this kind of liability upon every corporate officer and agent would be punitive in nature, because it is easy to impute knowledge. In addition the liability imposed is made forever, surviving even the 2-year limitation period after dissolution of the company. The amendment adopted in the Senate,, and later concurred in by the House, make£ any officer or employe of a corporation or business who has the control, supervision, or responsibility of filing tax returns and making payment of the sales and use taxes imposed and collected, personally liable if he willfully fails to fil| such returns or to make such payments. Added to such personal responsibility is an amount to include interest and penalties. The purpose of the bill is to insure collection of sales and use taxes where they have been collected MAILBOX " Wings Over Jordan Editor, Register-Mail: The pastor, Rev. Joseph R. Evans Jr., and members of the Youth Department of St. James A. M. E. Church of Monmouth wish to thank the Galesburg Register-Mail, both radio broadcasting stations in Galesburg, Rev. and Mrs. Jesse W. Cotton and members of Allen Cha|x>l A. M. E. Church, Rev. and Mrs. R. E. Morgan and members of Bethesda Baptist Church, Rev. and Mrs. C. L. Coleman and members of Second Baptist Church, Rev. and Mrs. Wadell Cato, Mr. Ray Young and directors of the Carver Community Center, the many businesses that allowed posters to be placed hi their windows and everyone that attended the musical concert, The Wings Over-Jordan, Sunday, July 14. May God bless all of you fine citizens of Galesburg. It was you that made our program a success. — Rev. Joseph R. Evans Jr. but not turned over to the state and the. company later dissolves. AS THE BILL was introduced it appeared to the Federation that it was unfair and unnecessary to make every corporate officer an insurer in perpetuity of the state's sales tax liability. A person could be an officer of a corporation and know nothing of the sales tax liability of the company, because it could be handled and reported by a separate accounting firm. : All in all, the amendment seems fair and accomplishes the purpose desired. Every dollar owed the state should be collected without attaching punitive liability to every corporate officer of a company. The federation feels that the adopted amendment was a fair compromise. galesburg Register-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg. Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mall Exchange 342-6181 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3. 1879. Daily except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor M. H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor Representa- SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg ~ a Week. 35c National Advertlsli tive: Ward-Griffith porated. New YTork, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of aU the local news printed In this newspaper as. well as all AP news dispatches By RFD mall In our retail trading; zona: 1 Year S10.00 8 Monthi S3.M 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month tlJUl No mall Bubtcrlptiona accepted In towns where there la established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier In retail trading ion* outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinoia, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route to retail trading zone. I & ear .L. ?130 ° 3 Months f3.7S 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month fl^fl By mall outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri I £ ear .u S X S M 3 Months 18.00 6 Months S 9.50 1 Month (2,00 Crossword Puzzzle •Answer to Pivvtuut, Ptrrsfe Oregon ACROSS 1 Crater 5 Festival 9 Bonneville — 12 Spring flower 3 Oven 4 Organic salt 5 Greek letter 6 Eskimo boat 7 Hover 13 Cry of contempt 8 Anesthetio 141 possess 9 Calamities (contr.) 15 Falls 17 Scion 18 Of evergreen trees 19 Poteen source 21 Pro 23 Legal point 24 True (Scot) 27 Isthmus 29 Over 32 On fire 34 Subsidiary building 36 Refrigerator filler 87 Mother Carey's chicken 38 Please reply (ab.) 39 Dirty fog 41 Rested 42 Tree 44 Holy one (Sikbism) 46 . hounds 49 Forbidden 53 Oregon, (ab.) 54 Oregon industry 56 One side (cricket) 57 Jewish month 58 Old France 59 Period 60 Nevada city 61 Essential being DOWN 1 Flabby 2 African wiM 10 Shakespearean stream 11 Repair 16 African lake 20 Inclined 22 Youthful years 91.Skin 24Cherry-—-at 33Plenty Salem 35 Deny 25 Beginnings 40 Lunatic 26 Adroitest 43 Pertaining to 28 Mattress filling the cheek 46 Mount 47 Italian rtvef 48 Bare 50 Prejudice 51 Burden 52 Leer 30 Sponge spicules 45 Comprehensive 55 Brother (abj 1 2 3 4 9 6 7 8 9 IT 12 ii U 15' 16 rr 18 r 2fT r 23 24 25 26" r sr 32*" ST 36 37 38 W ". 1 • 4? ••• 46 47 •WW. w ir 53 64 56 57 58 59 60 81

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