The News and Observer from Raleigh, North Carolina on February 4, 1946 · 4
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The News and Observer from Raleigh, North Carolina · 4

Raleigh, North Carolina
Issue Date:
Monday, February 4, 1946
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4 THE NEWS AND OBSERVER The News and Observer "THE OLD RELIABLE" ' Published Every Day In The Year By THE NEWS AND OBSERVER PIBIISHING COMPANY Jogrpbtis Daniels President Member of The Associated Frew The Associated Press exclusively Is entitled to the use for publication of ail the news dispatcnes credited to it or not otherwise in this paper and also the local news published herein All riEht of republication of special dispatches herein ai-o are reserved SUBSCRIPTION PRICES Payable In Advance Kates by Mail in the Carolina and Virginia 1 Yr 6 Mo 3 Mo 1 Mo Daily and Sun $1080 $5 40 8270 8090 Daily Only 9 00 450 225 75 Sunday Only 500 260 130 50 BY CARRIER tti RALEIGH Daily and Sunday Daily Only 1 Week 25 1 Week 20 Outside of RalelKh Contact your local distributor OTC RATES ON RFD ROUTES Where caper is mailed six dayB a weelc and delivered on Sunday by Special Carrier: Daily and Sunday 1 Month 100 1 Week 25 When changing address please five old address as well as new National Advertisine Representative THE BRANHAM COMPANY Chicago New York Charlotte Atlanta St Lotus Dallas Kansas City Detroit San Francisco Los Angeles Seattle Entered at the Postoffice at Raleigh Nortn Carolina as Second Class Matter Today's Bible Thought These things I command you that ye love one another — John 15:17 Morning Tonic (Andrew Jackson) Distinctions in society will always exist under every just government Equality of talents of education or of wealth cannot be produced by human institutions In the full enjoyment of the gifts of heaven and the fruits of superior industry economy and virtue every man is Equally entitled to protection by law but when the laws undertake to add to these natural and just advantages artificial distinctions : to make the rich richer and the potent more powerful the humble members of society—the farmers mechanics and laborers — who have neither the time nor the means of securing like favors to themselves have a right to complain of the injustice of their government Farm Ownership In his inaugural address in 1917 Governor Bickett placed farm ownership first on the agenda of what he wished to see accomplished saying words that should today be recalled and to inspire this conviction: Th first and dearest work of this administration will be a supreme effort to translate the tenants of the State into landlords Here and now in the presence of God and these witnesses I consecrate myself and all the power and prestige of my office to this endeavor I shall not rest nor permit the State to rest until every honest industrious and frugal man who tills the soil has a decent chance to own it I am driven to ths undertaking by the tyrrany of a fctmviction that such a work is essential' rot alone to the wholesome develop--merit put to the enduring safety of the SUile That wizard of the Northwest James J Hill once said: "Land witnout population is a wilderness population without land is a mob" Today 84 per cent of the people of Mexico are without land and riots and revolutions result as the sparks fly upward There can be no government for the many while the lands belong to the few for the history of the world teaches that the men who own the land will ruin it He followed that eloquent and itatesmanlike utterance with proposals to effectuate the reform beginning with the exemption from taxation of loans for the purchase of a home and a regeneration of the soil it "must beborn again" As a beginning he declared that a model acre should be cultivated at every rural school Twenty and eight years have passed since that sagacious policy was enunciated Wars the aftermath of war and lack of vision prevented the fulfillment of Bickett's dream Early in the Roosevelt administration steps were taken and money provided for making land owners out of tenants In the main it worked well but the need is so great that only a beginning has been made A Just Grievance Marquis Childs points out that one of the injustices that rankle in the heart of men in the enlisted force is that officers are given terminal leaves which are not given to men in the ranks He says: Officers in both the Army and Navy are entitled to terminal leave Depending on the amount of leave they have accumulated— four months is the maximum — they can take time on full pay with allowances to look around for a job and begin the process of readjustment to civilian life Enlisted men in the two services do not have the same privilege They must go to a separation center and there wait out the process of final discharge As Dr Howard A Rusk pointed out In a recent article in The New York Times this gives the officer a great advantage over the enlisted man It tends to make the " process of adjustment much easier for the officer says Dr Rusk who as a colonel in the Army Ar Forces worked out the Air Forces' splendid rehabilitation program Today the combat enlisted man goes directly to a separation center He is discharged as rapidly as possible and w hen he gets his final discharge papers hr is out of the Army This means that he cannot avail himself of Army medical facilities The officer in contrast in his months of terminal leave can go into an Army or Navy hospital instead of hav-inr to tt-i his rhancs in a crowded veterans' hospital RALEIGH N C MONDAY MORNING A Bad Precedent It has been suggested that the control of 'the naval oil reserves be taken from the Navy and placed under the Interior Department That was attempted in the Wilson administration but Wilson put his foot down against it But he had hardly moved to S Street when Harding transferred the oil to the Interior Department and shortly after for a bribe of $100000 Secretary Fall turned it over to Doheny for exploitation Fortunately Senator Tom Walsh exposed the crookedness the result of which was that Secretary Fall was sent to the penitentiary To be sure the country trusts Secretary Ickes and it trusted Secretary Lane who was honest but favored taking the oil reserves out of the ground as did'most Cali-fornians of both parties Oil was called ammunition in World War II In World War I Lord Curzon said: "The Allies sailed to victory on a sea of oil" You cannot sail a ship of the sea or air or move tanks or jeeps without oil The big oil companies made big money out of war and most of the international troubles— as in Iran— affect us because all nations have avid eyes on oil " Uncle Sam ought to hold on to all the oil he owns Attempts were defeated to draw the reserves in World War I and partially defeated in World War II The government's policy calls for vigilance to protect its reserves The slickest and most ingenious interests in America are the oil barons They did not lose their desire for monopoly in this essential when the Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of the Standard Oil Company found guilty of violating the anti-trust law Vigilance and opposition to a return to monopolistic control of oil is the need of the day War witnessed some letdowns which were said to be necessary There are Dohenys today who have avid eyes on all oil deposits and will use every power to get possession of oil in all parts of the world This is particularly true in America Britain and Russia Greed for oil is the lion in the path of full agreements by the nations Discussing the friction in the Middle East on oil Marquis Childs says: A recent report by L E Degolyer the American who is regarded as the best-informed authority in the world on oil resources has stirred wide interest among oil men Degolyer was asked to make an independent survey of the oil wealth of Saudi Arabia ' He is said to have reported that the oil beneath the great empty desert that is Saudi Arabia is greater in extent than all the oil deposits discovered thus far In both North and South America With the development of atomic power for commercial uses still in the distant future this oil represents unlimited wealth and power " Standard Oil of California and the Texas Company have the sole right to develop this wealth This lends special interest to certain maneuvers here in Washington Edwin W Pauley an oil man has been nominated Undersecretary of the Navy and will be promoted to Secretary when James Forrestal resigns Now according to reports another oil man Ralph K Davies is to be named Undersecretary of the Interior with the prospect that he may be appointed to the Secretaryship when Harold L Ickes resigns Davies has been deputy petroleum administrator during the war Before the Pauley appointment is approved the Senate should look closely into his oil connections The same is true of Davies A Senate committee could profitably look into a Mexican oil deal in which reportedly Pauley took a leading part No one doubts the ability of these men That has been amply established A sophisticated argument can be made for putting them — as Secretary of the Interior and Secretary of the Navy — in charge of America's oil reserves They know the business so the argument runs With our oil resources both national and international under combined Interior Navy and War Department control they would "protect American interests" at home and abroad Presumably they would work with the private corporations to safeguard United States oil interests in the Middle East The Navy is greatly concerned with protecting a source of supply for the United States in the Middle East This is all very well as far as it goes" Our reserves within this country are seriously depleted We should have access to a part of the vat oil riches of the Middle East since our own reserves were spent so prodigally in the recent war But access on 'what terms? That is the crucial question Would Pauley and Davies as hard-boiled oil rrlen be our agents in an undeclared war for the resources of the Middle East? In( that kind of competition is the making of a shooting war It belies all the fine words about United -Nations and world peace Two To One It will not do to feel that Republicans are reaching the vanishing point because the Gallup poll showed that 65 per cent of the World War veterans would vote Democratic to 35 per cent Republican The youths who fought to make the world safe for democracy have come home to see that their country enjoys the democracy for which they fousht Youth wants to go forward Reactionary Democrats: Take notice! FEBRUARY 4 1946 State's First Woman From trie beginning of the contest for woman suffrage in North Carolina Mrs Cornelia Petty Jerman has held the foremost place among the women who have made a large contribution to the social advances in the State in recent years A musician who led in the State Symphony president of the Woman's Club in Raleigh and the State Federation of Women's Clubs chairman' of the Woman Suffrage Committee member of the Democratic National Committee and delegate to national conventions Assistant Collector of Internal Revenue until her retirement —these are the positions which gave her the opportunity to lead in reforms which have blessed the State Her death last night will be deeply regretted by a multitude of friends and by the whole State One More Day Management and labor of Erwin Mills have one more day in which to bargain collectively and stop industrial anarchy in three industrial centers in North Carolina Unless they settle their differences the stockholders will meet on Tuesday and it will be their duty to do what is necessary to Start the wheels turning either by fixing rates etc or by demanding arbitration Longer shutdown is unthinkable in a civilized country! The Staff Of Life In view of the world's need for bread it is fortunate that last year there -was a good wheat crop The carry-over from 1945 was 689000-000 bushels The world will need a billion bushels and Uncle Sam's granaries can supply it English Wives The Rhamkatte Roaster "I see that 60000 British gals what fascinated an" married GI boys over there with their babies air a-cumin' to the old USA " It will add to our population an' deprive 60000 American gals ov gittin' war heroes as husbands I agrees with old Nat Macon who sed 'i marryin' a gal ort not fer to marry a man who diddent live nigh enough fer her to see the smoke a-risin out ov his daddy's chimney Them's myf sentiments even if I did have to go 50 miles away to git a gal to marry me" Thus spoke the Old Codger this morning Asked if he didn't want these British wives to be reunited with their American husbands in this country the Old Codger said: "I wishes the boys had a-waited to marry a nabor gal but I air fer keepin the promise we made 'em when they entered the armed forces to-wit: That they wuz entitled to' whatever they wanted if they'd lick the Nazis They wuz gone a long time They wuz hungry fer love an' them English gals wuz fascinated an they got married I air stickin' to what l sed after Pearl Harbor: 'Give 'em what they want' English gals makes good wives t They kin cook an I air fer givin 'em a welcum to Uncle Sam's domain The boys air entitled to what makes 'em happy an' I air all fer love an marriage In course it air a miracle but I has allers believed in miracles Even life air a miracle I air all fer love" ' Spirit of the Press LOWERS THE GRADE Gastonia Gazette Several Gaston County farmers went down into York County a few weeks ago to see the mechanical cotton picker at work They were not duly impressed Of ccurse it would gather the cotton they said but it also gathered a lot of trash leaves grass and large bits of the broken bolls" The cost of picking the cotton has been materially lowered of course but the grade of the cotton has also been lowered It may be that the mass production hereby promised may make for lower costs and thus compensate for the lower price that will be realized for the cheaper grade of cotton 366 REASONS FOR UNIFICATION The New York Times A survey by the War Department of the various boards and committees now set up within the Army and Navy departments to coordinate similar activities presents 366 valid reasons why Congress should speedily be about the business of translating into law one of the three legislative proposals on military matters that were made by the President in his State of the Union message The existence of that many boards and committees — whose total apparently was a surprise even to the surveyors — would seem to be a tacit acknowledgement of the many points at which two separate government departments overlap and duplicate each other and to point the necessity for a greater unification of effort than could ever be possible through joint committees It is also a valid argument against a further separation of effort by establishment of an autonomous Department of Air Instead of 366 committees we might well wind up with 666 At least Air would have to have a member on many of the existing committees ' SHOULD NOT WAIT TO BE FORCED TO END CASTE SYSTEM The United States News The Army and Navy are to be forced to consider ways for softening their caste system The wide gulf that separates officers from men under this system and the distinctions and privileges accorded to officers have proved irksome to enlisted men Resentment over the caste system is Paragraphs By Robert Quillen "Eye exercise restored his good vision" Probably stood on a windy corner Of course the G I's are homesick but they'll be sicker for want of a home when they get back In the old days you kissed a girl instead of pressing your mouth against a fresh slick coat of paint Fable: Once a suitor was rejected rd he didn't wonder how the girl could turn down such an opportunity Blessed are the humble They aren't forever getting their feelings hurt because they don't expect much1 If your neighbors never call rejoice You'd soon regret it if you got neighborly with that kind of people In most sections you can get plenty of sugar — at 25 cents a pound and up How do the black market boys hide warehouses from OPA? Note to scientists: Just because your atoms theory worked out you needn't expect us to swallow that one about our ancestry There is no gold-backed currency on earth Every nation is printing bales of paper money Until that folly is stopped no other problem can be solved one factor in slowing voluntary reen listments in the postwar Army and Navy It is a factor too influencing Congress to end Selective Service at the first opportunity and to refuse to accept universal military training Men report cases in which they are required to salute empty jeeps that carry officers' insignia They complain that officers use airplanes for personal business while enlisted men wait for transportation home They object to rules that bar enlisted men from going out with Army and Navy nurses and Wac and Wave officers They resent officers' clubs stocked with liquor while men are denied a chance to buy liquor They don't like the officers' right to require them to do menial tasks — "dog-robber" jobs of waiting on officers to satisfy personal whims — when ( these tasks seem beneath the dignity of drafted Americans In trying to build a large postwar Army and Navy based upon voluntary service the military organizations are up against resentment at caste distinctions now prevailing They are faced with a situation that may require them to ease the policy of caste or forfeit needed reenlistments CIO'S STRATEGIC ERROR The Springfield Republican It was a fundamental error in strategy for the high command of the CIO to spring on the country so many great strikes in basic and tnavjor industries at the same time This criticism has not originated in so-called anti-labor circles It is felt if not publicly expressed by leaders of other labor organizations John L Lewis and William G-een are credited with disparaging estimates of the CIO's top management AFL officials now assembled at Miami Fla for the winter meeting of their executive council are reported to fear "the effect of the tactics of the CIO on the future of collective bargaining" This fear is based on the adverse public reaction to a multiplicity of big strikes culminating now in the steel strike the biggest of them all Mr Murray and his colleagues have given the public a very stiff dose in conducting simultaneously strikes in the automobile the electric equipment the meat packing and the steel industries to mention only four If there is now no bargaining on either side but only belligerency the fact is ominous and must be faced as a menace to the labor movement in a broad sense Big business is certainly in a more favorable position than before in years to profit by a rising public sentiment adverse to unionism and by the Congressional disposition to revise Federal laws relating to labor disputes Getting a Little Tiresome Today's N G Poem CHALLENGE My South why don't you lift your head And heave your battle cry So long unsung by gallant lips Up to your azure sky? Oh weep no more for those who died But let us not forget Those gallant soldiers of the grey Whose graves with tears were wet Oh South do not retire into The glory of the grave Remember how our grey boys charged Unflinching wave on wave Our gracious life was done but then Defeat is physical Where is that soul that never dying Answers to the call? Lay down that sword of flaming steel And grip your plowshares firm Rise up oh men for men you are Have done with lesser time New Southland lift your mighty head Go forth and take your place Once more among the 'powers as The flower of our race PEGGY JANE WARREN Raleigh The People's Forum (All communications must be limited to 300 words DEFENSE OF ARMY To the Editor: I am sending this to your People's Forum in reply to the piece against our Army written by J- Browne Evans which appeared under the heading "Selective Service" I do not know whether Mr Evans has seen Army service either in peace or war or not What is more I do not care Why pick on the Army whose so-called "drunkards" won a war? ("For what?" most of us are beginning to wonder) Isn't it about time the citizens stopped libeling our Army and try to cooperate with it? About the only time John Q Citizen can say a good word about the Army is when his security is threatened? Any other time we are Just a "bunch of bums" From whence comes th-: distortion of one's thinking that would prompt such a blasphemous letter as that of Mr Evans? Is he too falling prey to a lot of Communistic propaganda or has the Army done him an injustice? I wonder! ' v Mr Evans speaks of the "Army's benevolent attitude toward liquor" Of course this "benevolent attitude" is confined solely to the Army We in the Army Mr Evans have as our sole aim winning wars not starting them If an occasional "spot" of that wicked stuff demon rum can bolster a man through a tough battle then if the "wicked stuff" is available no one looks or even cares if he takes a swig It is not forced on him I can not help but recall the incident related in the "Life of Lincoln" in which someone said of General Grant: "Mr President General Grant is a fine general but he drinks an awful lot of whiskey" To which Lincoln replied: "General Grant does a lot of fighting I wish I knew what brand he drinks maybe it would help some of my other generals" The Army never has and never will tolerate drunkenness The guardhouses can furnish 'authentic proof of that MASTER SGT L J STEPHENSON Weldon FEPC BILL To the Editor: I have recently given considerable consideration to the pending FEPC bill and as a citizen of the United States feel compelled to express my opinion regarding the matter In the first place I have found no good cause for the introduction of this bill other than for the purpose of antagonizing the Southern businessman Since the beginning of time it has been the privilege and personal duty of an employer to hire any man whom he considers best stated to the vacant position Is there any reason why the employer rho'uld be denied this privilege? No there Is no one not even the United 25 Years Ago From the Files of The News and Observer FEBRUARY 4 1921 Governor Morrison declares war on Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina Hundreds attend hearings on State good roads bill State of North Carolina charged 6Vi per cent interest on $4500000 short-term notes by New York bankers Addressing General Assembly Secretary of the Navy Daniels declares "investigation is nation's reward to its soldiers" States government who understands the eligibility of a prospective employe for a position belter than the employer himself It is folly to think that an FEPC representative (which would be provided according to the bill) would understand the eligibility of a prospective employe better than the employer After all who has founded the successful business FEPC "representatives" or the employers? And if the employer has been wise enuogh in the past to develop a successful business then why should he suddenly be unable to decide whom he should hire to most greatly benefit his organization? This bill would directly and maliciously destroy the right of free enterprise It is my sincere desire to see this bill killed and any other citizen who appreciates his freedom should hold this same conviction BOBBY GORE Raleigh CLOTHES I OR VETERANS To the Editor: If it's possible for you to do so I'd appreciate your answering a question that is uppermost in my mind: What happened to the government's request to merchants' that the returning war veteran be given first choice of buying clothes? May I say that the merchants of Raleigh have to the best of my knowledge completely ignored this request I have been living in Raleigh since the first part of December having been transferred here upon returning to work in Savannah Ga after being discharged from the Army Since taking up residence in Raleigh I have tried repeatedly and completely without success to- buy some clothes Even though supplies of shirts suits etc are intermittently received by local merchants no returned war veteran has yet to be given a preference Furthermore of all the businesses in Raleigh I know of absolutely none that give a returnee any preference with the exception of the company by which I am employed You have undoubtedly noticed the number of men in the streets wearing old uniforms or parts of uniforms 1 can state from personal experience that no love of the service from which they were discharged prompts this display It is pure and simple a lack of civilian clothes C ROBINSON JR Raleigh A NEW LOW To the Editor: I have seen and heard of some of the low practices to which some people will stoop but the lowest I've ever heard of in the larceny category was a theft that took place in the bus station at Tarboro In a conspicuous place in the bus station was a quart Jar with an appeal on it asking people to give to the "March of Dimes" program to help combat infantile paralysis The agent at the station estimated there was about $10 in the jar This money would have gone to that good cause had it not been for this low-down thief who took the jar to a rest room' removed the contents and left the empty jar The person who committed this crime of depriving crippled children of part of the means which might enable them to walk again is unknown to us but is known to God and I feel certain tha this person will receive a just punishment STAR WEAVER Wilson THE WASHINGTON Merry-Go-Round By Drew Pearson Washington — Most energetic champion of the veteran has become Wilson Wyatt ex-mayor of Louisville Ky now czar of Federal Housing Wyatt who believes in pulling no punches aid setting his sights high staged a closed-door battle inside the White House last week-which lined up the sheep and the goats economically speaking among Truman's advisers Wyatt's battle was over housing now considered the tightest need in the civilian economy The conference was held in the President's office and present were: Truman himself Reconverter John Snyder Press Secretary Charlie Ross Private Adviser George Allen and Wilson Wyatt Wyatt brought with him a 12-page memo giving his recommendations regarding the housing shortage It was a forthright all-embracing program Instead of only 400000 houses a year (the limit private builders say they can build) he called for around 3000000 houses in two years The program also proposed: 1 The stopping of all non-essential building This meant cracking down on new night clubs and most new office buildings 2 Immediate restoration of L-41 TbJ is the order suspended by John Snyder which removes controls from buildin? materials Wyatt's plan is to place all building material on a priority basis 3 Give subsidies for low-cost houses up to 25 per cent — if necessary Wyatt did not believe however that many subsidies would be necessary after builders got into mass production 4 Convert Army camps into housing by removing units which are suitable for civilian use 5 Keep all housing under $10000 and give the largest share of building materials to those putting up $5000 houses Finally Wyatt called for a tremendous use of fabricated materials as the quickest way to build houses The program hit Reconverter Snyder like a ton of bricks He was in favor 'of none of it George Allen also was negative though not as much so as Snyder "I'm not sure you can rush in with this before you've cleared it on Capitol Hill and also wiMi labor and the real estate boys" Allen said "There are a million bills on the Hill dealing with housing including the Patman bill and the Wagner-Ellender bill -Let's look things over carefully" However Allen added: "Thank God someone has come in with an idea" President Truman on the other hand was favorable though he wanted his advisers to iron out their various differences Snyder's initial argument was that press reaction to such a program would be bad This question was referred to Press Secretarfy Charlie Ross who has spent AO years as a newsman Ross I disagreed said newspaper comment would be excellent He endorsed the Wyatt program heartily Snyder also objected on the ground that people didn't like going back to wartime restrictions But Wyatt disagreed "Look at the public's endorsement of the OPA when it replaced price ceilings on citrus fruits" he said "We have to keep our sights high" the hard-hitting ex-mayor of Louisville insisted "Unless you do we'll come through with no program at all" After a long discussion it was finally decided to postpone the program until Wyatt could straighten4 out some of his differences with Snyder and Civilian Products Administrator Jack Small In the end President Truman gave this emphatic endorsement of Wyatt's general ideas "As I told you before I want no little plan" he said ' Odds are that Wyatt will win out with most of this prpgram Secretary of War Patterson stopping at Frankfurt Germany the other day expressed his desire to go to the American cemetery at Hamm Luxembourg to lay a wreath on General Patton's grave His pilot however reported that bad weather precluded flying The officer handling railroad transportation also recommended against using the train since it would have to pass through the French zone necessitating a change of crew and a long delay running perhaps into hours Finally the motor officer urred Patterson not to drive since the roads were covered with sleet and ice All of which exasperated the Secretary of War "If Patton were alive" he said "he would not be stopped if he thought it was his duty to go to Hamm Get a car and we will drive to Hamm at once" The trip of about 120 miles packed into it two near-tragedies The first time the car skidded hit the gates at a railroad crossing crashed through and stalled on the track The second time in a dense fog a truck driven by a French soldier collided with one of Patterson's care and turned it over No one was hurt The party crowded into one car and went on The wreath was laid on Patton's grave Lt Comdr Clark Clifford a White House naval aide is a cousin of Anna-may Dickey the Metropolitan Opera star Harry Luce is arranging an appointment with Truman to give him certain ultro-hot documents on the Indonesian revolt The National Lawyers' Guild will honor Chester Bowles "The Man Who Held the Line" with a dinner in Washington February 15 Henry Wallace will be the principal speaker The January 15 issue of the Army Ordnance Reserve Officers Magazine virtually calls for war with Russia Senator Chavez of New Mexico relieved the monotony of the FEPC debate the other day by bringing movie starlet Margaret O'Brien to the Capitol Chavez said he wished he could bring little Margaret onto the Senate floor instead of the FEPC

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