Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 16, 1963 · Page 1
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July 16, 1963

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Tuesday, July 16, 1963
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f Heme Paper of 70 Communitief ' Weather Strip© Red 4 Warm, Humid and Cloudy Tonight and Wednesday, Possible Thunderahower* A Hatter Nmmpap** GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — TUESDAY, JULY 16, 1963 VOLUME LXXII— 166 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Leaders Voice Hope Of Rail Settlement WASHlNGTbN (AP) — Democratic congressional leaders discussed the railroad strike threat with President Kennedy today and said they were hopeful of agreement to head off a walkout. Senate* Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield of Montana told report* ers that "we're very hopeful there will be a settlement in the discussions now going on in the presidential board" about the dispute over work rules "because if there is not there will have to be a presidential move." Asked whether anything devel­ oped aj;, this morning's session with Kennedy that was the basis for feeling hopeful, Mansfield replied, "Well, we're always hopeful." Kennedy has set next Monday for the special board to report and for sending legislation to Congress to head off a strike. Both sides hi the dispute have agreed to withhold any action for another week after that, until July 29. The board, keeping pace with an emergency timetable, called both management and union spokesmen into its session today for final arguments on what they call featherbedding. Nuclear Test Ban im ism Mounts As Talks Continue MOSCOW (AP) — Western diplomats displayed increasing optimism today that the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union will agree soon on a treaty outlawing all nuclear weapon tests except those under- Opti ground This is the second time in six months, however, that prospects have appeared bright for a break-through in the deadlock. Predictions of success were therefore restrained. Positions taken by the Western powers and the Soviet Union in the opening negotiating session Monday were cloaked in secrecy. If any stumbling blocks developed, they were not being discussed publicly. Gromyko Joins Group Optimism among Western diplomats stemmed primarily i from the warmth with which' Premier Khrushchev welcomed the U.S. and British negotiators to the Kremlin and the obvious good mood in which the Westerners left hours later. A statement issued Monday night disclosed little more than that Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko would speak for the Soviet Union in today's meeting. The assignment of Gromyko maintained Soviet participation on a high level. It also indicated the meeting was getting down speedily to the problems involved in working out any test ban agreement. The communique said "questions related to the discontinuance of nuclear tests" had been discussed. It said some other unspecified matters of mutual interest also had been taken up. Jury Indicts Quartet for Espionage NEW YORK (AP) - A federal grand jury has indicted four persons on espionage charges and said Russia spent "large sums of money" on the spy operations. The indictments were returned in Brooklyn Monday against a Russian employe of the United Nations, his wife and a mystery couple from Washington, D.C. They are accused of conspiring for six years to send to Russia via short-wave radio secret information about U.S. rocket pads, atomic arms shipments, troop movements and naval installations. Bail Refused The grand jury also accused the defendants of trying to enlist American military and civilian defense personnel as agents. Indicted were Ivan D. Egorov, 41, a U.N. personnel officer; his wife, Aleksandra, 39, and a Washington couple known as Robert K. and Joy Ann Baltch. All have been held without bail. Where to Find It Sections 22 Pages Abingdon 17 Amusement 6 Bushnell 6 Classified Ads ...... 20-21 Comics-TV-Radio ... 18 Editorial 4 6 6 17 Markets 16 Monmouth 10 19 14-15 2 Women In the News.. 8-9 Wednesday the six-man group, headed by Secretary of Labor W Willard Wirtz, will begin writing its report with a preliminary draft scheduled to be ready by night fall. The report, containing no recommendations but merely the facts and issues in tho dispute as the special committee has found them, will go to President Ken* nedy Friday. The President intends to send the report to Congress Monday along with his recommendations for legislation to solve the crisis. That would give the Senate and House just seven days to act before a July 29 deadline. Predicts Cooling Period Rep. Oliver P. Bolton, R-Ohio, predicted Monday that Kennedy would ask for a 30-day cooling off period for one more attempt to settle the issues through mediation. In case that failed, Bolton said in a newsletter to constituents, the President would also ask authority to enforce compulsory arbitration with "the threat of government seizure in the background." Kennedy has said a strike would be. intolerable and many figures in and out of government have agreed. However, according to Wirtz, neither the railroads nor the unions have made a strong effort to reach a settlement through collective bargaining. Ghoul Charged With Larceny In Penny Theft SEATTLE (AP) - Paul Monti, 51, Seattle, accused of taking a penny from the pocket of a dating man, was charged Monday with larceny. Monti and the dead man, Gust Jutman, 64, lived in the lived in tne same hotel. Police said Monti told them he was walking past Jutman's room last week when he noticed Jutman lying on the floor. Police said Jutman apparently shot himself. Monti admitted taking the penny, authorities said. Spy Suspect Acquitted, Fears Future LONDON (UPI) — Italian sci entist Dr. Giuseppi Martelli, the first man accused of preparing to spy to win acquittal from a British court since the start of the cold war, said today he ma,y ask for police protection against the threat of Soviet revenge. Martelli's acquittal was expected to be another blow to British intelligence and to Prime Minister Harold Macmillan's government, both under attack because of a series of sex and security scandals. Drop Nine Counts Martelli was acquitted Monday of nine counts of attempted espionage for the Soviet Union. He had been charged with preparing to steal nuclear secrets and transmit them to the Russians with the aid of coding devices and other espionage equipment they gave him. Martelli, who was lent to a British atoms-for-peace research station by the European Atomic Authority, admitted he had accepted some spy equipment from the Russians but was only stringing them along until he had enough evidence to do "real damage" to Soviet intelligence. ft "liiK ; r f ¥ f f i r I 181 PROTESTS HARASSMENT — Sam (Mooney) Giancana, Chicago's best known hoodlum, is shown Monday in Chicago federal court, where he is attempting to force the FBI to cease 24-hour surveillance on grounds that it is needless, because he has done nothing wrong, and because it is ruining his home life. Head of FBI office refused to testify on instructions from attorney general. UND7AX. Whites March In Protest to Militia Rule Dixie Governor Pledges Defiance WASHINGTON (UPI) — Alabama Gov. George C. Wallace told Congress today that if the proposed public accommodations section of the administration's civil rights bill becomes law, he will make no effort to enforce it in his state. Wallace testified for the second day today before the Senate Commerce Commit- Qisgruntled Driver LONDON (UPI) — Police searched today for the disgruntled motorist who hurled part of a parking meter through the dining room window of British Transport .Minister Ernest Mar- pies. Marples is the man responsible for the proliferation of parking meters on London's streets. tee, one of three commit tees holding hearings today on different sections of President Kennedy's civil rights package. A scheduled appearance today by Atty. Gen; Robert F. Kennedy before the Senate Judiciary Com mittee was called off when the committee decided to hear some, of its own members ahead of him. A spokesman said later that Kennedy might testify Wednesday, or his appearance might be rescheduled for a later date. Wallace contended that the public accommodations bill,, to ban discrimination in restaurants, hotels and theaters, would be the death-knell to private enterprise. He said it would give the federal government new regulating power. As for enforcement of the law, if it should be enacted, Sen. Philip A. Hart, D-Mich., observed that a governor is the chief law enforcement officer in his state. But Wallace said he was not bound by Alabama law to enforce federal statutes. He added that he would not.preach defiance of the bill if it became law. But, he said, he would not enforce it either. Labor Secretary W. .Willard Writz was the first witness before another Senate group — a manpower subcommittee — opening hearings on the President's request to expand the manpower training act to help Negroes find jobs. Barber Jake Granted U.S. Citizenship LOS ANGELES (UPD-John F. Factor, 70, a key figure in a sensational Chicago gangland kidnap case in 1933 and a resident of the United States since 1930, today considered himself the "luckiest man alive" because he is a U.S. citizen. The wealthy retired Beverly Hills real estate man was administered the oath of citizenship in a brief ceremony Monday by U.S. Judge Leon Yankwich. "I always considered myself an American," Factor said. "Now I really am." Only last December, the U S. Immigration and Naturalization Service sought to deport Factor on the basis of a mail fraud conviction in 1943. However, the British- born Factor was granted a Christmas pardon by President Kennedy. The naturalization service then filed a petition to grant Factor American citizenship only to revoke it a few days later "on the basis of new information." A few weeks later the service said the information had proved groundless and refiled the petition. Factor was known as "Jake the Barber" in a Chicago kidnaping case in 1933 which led to the conviction of Roger (The Terrible) Toughy. Toughy served 36 years in prison for the kidnaping. He was shot to death 22 days after his release in 1959. Goldwater Sees Rocky's Hat in Ring WASHINGTON (UPI) - The camp of Sen. Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz., today viewed Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller's attack on the "radical right" as notice that Rockefeller is a presidential candidate. The New York governor's statement also was considered in some quarters as the forerunner of a stop-Goldwater movement by other presidential hopefuls in the Republican party. A spokesman for Goldwater Monday night quoted the Arizona conservative as saying the Rockefeller statement amounted to the governor's "formal declaration of candidacy" for the GOP nomination. Although Goldwater has never acknowledged that he is a presidential aspirant himself, his stock has boomed in recent months following Rockefeller 's remarriage to a divorced woman. Sought. Support Political observers speculated that Rockefeller felt he was losing ground in the presidential race and sought to regain leadership by Ms attack on groups supporting Goldwater. Newsweek magazine said Monday the Rockefeller statement was part of a concerted drive to block Goldwater's nomination by forming a coalition of Republicans supporting the New York governor, Michigan Gov. George Romney and Pennsylvania Gov. William Scranton. In a statement in Albany Sunday, Rockefeller lashed out at the "radical ri g h t lunatic branch" and said the Republican party was in "real danger of subversion" by that group. He underscored* that statement Monday night when he expressed fears that Goldwater will become a "captive" candidate of the GOP's extreme right wing. Cambridge Racial Woes Flare Anew CAMBRIDGE, Md. (AP) — More than 100 whitfl businessmen marched through the business district of this racial trouble spot today as a protest to restrictions imposed by militia control. They stopped at the National Guard Armory and a group of them went inside | to confer with Col. J. Maurice Tawes, acting as commander of the 400 troops in Cambridge. The others quickly dispersed, A spokesman for the businessmen, Thomas Merryweather, Dorchester County Democrat, said up to 1,999 businessmen would demonstrate in front of the armory this afternoon to protest the National Guard releasing 14 Negroes taken into custody Monday. No Violence About half a dozen bayonet- carrying Guardsmen were sent to the intersection outside the armory when the businessmen arrived. There were no incidents. Merryweather did not say exactly what form the afternoon demonstration would take. It was scheduled for the same hour that Negroes planned to demonstrate. Restrictions imposed include a imposed after last week's rioting between Negroes and whites. , y The Negroes promptly began picketing Collins' Drugstore, a segregated place. Guardsmen with bayonets swiftly bundled tho demonstrators into two weapons carriers and took them to the National Guard Armory at Easton, 16 miles north, where they wero held without charge. Terrorist in Haiti Slain In Ambush WASHINGTON (AP) — Terrorist leader Clement Barbot, who broke with Haitian President Francois Duvalier to become his ban on demonstrations, a 9 p.m. I chie£ P 0111 "^ enem y and the 1 curfew, all stores closed at 71 111081 bunted man behind the voo- 1 _ii Idoo curtain,. has been shot to 'Bit Embarrassing 9 LONG BEACH, Calif. (UPI) "It was a bit embarrassing," admitted Mrs. Katherine Harrison, 28, when asked about her driving lesson Monday which ended in a dry flood control channel with the remains of a wooden barrier and 36 feet of chain link fencing strewn out behind her. "The car just shot forward," she confided. A Knotty Problem ERIE, Pa. (UPI)—Councilman Mike Cannavino raised his voice in protest Monday when the city council prepared to adopt a lire code, a provision of which bans smoking in bed. "It's an invasion of privacy," Cannavino asserted. "Besides, who's going to police it? I defy anyone to come up with an answer." p.m., all vehicles subject to being stopped and searched, no sale of alcoholic beverages and no carrying of guns. Two Peace Moves This town of 12,200 saw no prospect for a respite in its racial troubles today despite two peace moves: 1. National Guard leaders headed off a protest march by 500 angry Negroes Monday night be releasing 14 persons, including militant integrationist Gloria Richardson, who had been arrested for trying to picket a drugstore. 2. Mayor Calvin W. Mowbray and the City Council appointed a human relations committee to help tackle racial problems. The committee is composed of seven white persons and four Negroes nominated by the Cambridge Non-violent Action Committee. Mrs. Richardson called for a new demonstration today. Governor Confers Mrs. Richardson returned Monday from Annapolis, where Gov. J. Millard Tawes held day-long meetings with Negro and white leaders. Soon she and Stanley Branche, a field secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, appeared on Race Street, the main thoroughfare, with 12 other Negroes. Col. J. Maurice Tawes of the Guard asked what was going on. "Since no one deems it necessary to resolve the situation, the only thing we can do is to demonstrate," said Branche. Tawes called attention to the Guard's ban on demonstrations' shot death, the Haitian government says. The government-controlled Haitian radio was quoted by the State Department Monday as announcing that Barbot and his brother, Hairy, had been surprised by security forces while trying to set aflame a cano field and were killed in exchange of gunfire. The U.S. Embassy in the Dominican Republic picked up the broadcast and officials were unable to check out the report. But a State Department spokesman said there was no reason to doubt the broadcast. Couples Adrift Since Friday in Lake Michigan SOUTH HAVEN, Mich. (AP)-. Two young Chicago area couples were brought ashore by the Coast Guard Monday after having drifted in a crippled boat on Lake Michigan since Friday night. Another boat found them and] the Coast Guard, answering a radio call, towed them in. They were a little weak from lack of proper food "but otherwise they didn't look too had," a Guardsman said. They were examined at a hospital here and! released. The four, who set out in a 24- foot rented cruiser to visit friends here, were Jerry O'Connor and his wife, Joan of Chicago; Georgia Borchardt of Northbrook, III., and Donald Tadda, Chicag, all in their 20s. Divided Leadership,Militant Element Snarl Integration in Savannah EDITOR'S NOTE - Violence in the streets of - Savannah, Ga., brought a dangerous climax to the long struggle over segregation, put the city on the verge of martial law and damaged race relations. A weekend truce brought hopes of peaceful settlement of the issues. Don McKee, Associated Press writer who covers racial news, analyzes the reasons for the trouble. By DON MCKEE SAVANNAH, Ga. (AP)-Racial violence hit this historic city in a paradoxical broadside following years of peaceful, often voluntary change in segregation patterns. In substance it was an accident born of divided leaderships and fed by militant young integration- ists, a few white persons and the violent element of the Negro community. Until last month, desegregation came without significant trouble. In April 1961, when city golf courses opened to Negroes, the racial issue worked itself out. Then buses desegregated without incident. Under a government that is among the most liberal in the entire South, all city-controlled facilities except schools have been desegregated. School officials are prepared to begin desegregation with the fail term. "Savannah 's government is more liberal than even Atlanta's," said a Negro veteran of the integration fight, the Rev. James Bevel of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. "Savannah can work out its problems," Bevel said as he left the city after helping in'biracial efforts to restore calm. City officials, white businessmen and clergymen and the more conservative Negro leaders agree with Bevel. Why then did Savannah have violence? Night demonstrations provided the trigger. "This is one time that I lay the fault directly on a small group of Negroes," said a liberal white businessman who asked that his name be withheld. "Some extreme activists have taken the outlet of night marches for the sheer thrill of it," said W. W. Law, president of the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Law, spokesman for the conservative Negroes, urged an end to night marches last week. Law's public statements emphasized the split between the NAACP and the militant Chatham County Crusade for Voters, bead­ ed by a government chemist, Hosea Williams. White businessmen, also divided, reacted with resentment; even so, they kept open lines of communication with Ngroes and moved, though slowly, to find a solution. Their business has suffered to an undetermined extent from Negro boycotts and slackened trade resulting from the racial tensions. The city government was caught in the middle since the issues—sometimes obscured in the furor—involve private businesses. Williams' group has been pushing for desegregation of restaurants, theaters, motels and other places serving the public. The dilemma heightened when white residents, complaining about night marches, swore out peace warrants against Negro leaders. This newly found weapon put more than 30 integrationists, including Williams, in jail with bonds totaling $155,000. With their leaders jailed, the militant Negroes kept marching — at night. Rioting erupted Wednesday and Thursday night. Several persons were injured. There was widespread property damage. Resentment increased among white residents. Peace was salvaged, at least for the moment, through biracial talks which were jeopardized but did not succumb in the tension. Gov. Carl E. Sanders, after alerting units of the National Guard on request of the mayor, sent two emissaries to the city. They tiled without success to get the $30,000 bond reduced for Williams. Municipal Court Judge Victor H. Mulling steadfastly refused to give in; he insisted that the entire amount he posted or Williams remain in jail until a hearing In September. Williams' incarceration remains, the big threat to peace here. His attorneys are taking further legal steps to try to nullify the peace warrants. Tho crisis had the effect of solidifying Negro leadership. Bevel and an associate, tho Rev. An« drew Young, played an imjiortant role in holding the nulitant N«| gioes in check after the truco lad been worked out with whito und Negro leaders. The city's problems won't b« solved overnight. But business leaders, who hold tho key to the solution, say tho i&suea will be r»» solved if tilings stay jp «ac «fuL

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