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Daily Times Herald •_ EDITORIALS Td Like to Help You, Kid, But My Regular Customers Are Calling!" Viewpoint Saturday, June 15, 1974 School Spanking Time was when a kid who was given a spanking in school could count on receiving a second one when he got home. Not any more. Today his parents are likely to sue the school. While some may point to the erosion of school authority and the abrogation of parental responsibility as two reasons for what they see as a growing disrespect for the law in this country, the fact is that the courts are taking an increasingly dim view these days of "summary punishment," corporal or otherwise. In what has been called a landmark decision in this field, a federal judge in Hanover County, Va., has ruled that a student must be given his constitutional right of due process before he can be spanked in school. U.S. District Court Judge Robert R. Merhige awarded $200 in damages to a fourth-grade student, holding that his constitutional rights had been violated because he was not told that he could appeal a "summary spanking sentence" or that he had the right to be represented by an attorney. The decision was only a partial victory for the American Civil Liberties Union, which had represented the student and had argued that spanking was "cruel and unusual punishment" and hence prohibited by the eighth Amendment. However, Judge Merhige's decision would seem to have implications that go beyond the question of whether or not spanking should be outlawed in the schools, as it probably should be. How are teachers or principals to be expected to discipline students if even for minor infractions they must first go through the process of advising them of their constitutional rightsT holding formal hearings and getting involved with attorneys? • The answer is that they probably won't bother. Moreover, it is not just the absence or uncertainty of punishment but the lengthy time lapse that prevails today between the commission of an offense and the administering of punishment for the offense that may be another source of contempt for law or authority. To punish a child, especially a small child, by spanking or some other means, days or weeks after he does something naughty in school may be worse than not punishing him at all. Highway Network Sometimes it seems that the oldest man alive could but dimly remember the time when work began on the Interstate Highway System. This monumental enterprise —covering the nation with a 42,500-mile network of roads intended mainly for long distance travel — has been under way for so long that the idea of its ever coming to an end may seem almost absurd. The end is in sight, though — sort of. Secretary of Transportation Claude S. Brinegar reports that 84 per cent of the system — 35,713 miles — has been completed. This leaves only 6,787 miles to go. That does not warrant predicting an early windup. Not a single state had finished its share of the system as of March 31, the date of the latest report. The gaps are not long in relation to the total; the longest is 90 miles in Nevada on Interstate 80 running between New York and San Francisco. But it takes long enough to build a mile of highway so that meeting the initial 1976 target date seems unlikely. Still, the final stage is about at hand. The location of only 436 miles of the network remains to be determined after public hearings. The nation probably will not receive the entire Interstate Highway System for a 200th birthday present, as was once hoped, but not long after that this most ambitious undertaking of its kind should be complete. Hearsts' Ordeal The Randolph A. Hearsts are but one of many families that have gone through the terrible experience of seeing a son or daughter apparently caught up in a criminal way of life. Theirs has been a particular agony, though — months of waiting and fearful uncertainty, and then strong indications that their kidnaped daughter Patricia had become a willing accomplice of the Symbionese Liberation Army terrorist band. Even now, one cannot be sure; this girl must be given the benefit of the doubt and presumed innocent until the courts have dealt with her case. It is nonetheless a harrowing tragedy, whatever the outcome. The deepest sympathy must be extended to Patricia Hearst's parents as their ordeal continues. Advice His Lady Love Is Call Girl' By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: A few months ago I met and fell in love with the most beautiful girl I've ever seen. She liked me, too, and soon she was staying with me, cooking my meals and taking care of my apartment. It seemed like an ideal setup, but there is just one problem: she works days in a massage parlor, and is a call girl at night. She makes more in one night than I make in a whole week, but she never has any money because she likes to gamble, and she gives ten per cent of her earnings to the church. Is there any way I can get her to quit taking those calls at night? She says she loves me. but she can't live on what I make. A FOOL IN LOVE DEAR FOOL: (You said it, I didn't$) So your lady love works in a massage Health Aren't Catching Bv Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D DEAR DR. LAMB — Is it possible, when a woman is pregnant, to live with a man who is not the father of the child and when the baby is born the child will look like the man? Can this child more or less pick up the man's looks, eyes, hair, even though he is not the father? DEAR READER — The physical characteristics are determined by the genes. Half of the genes come from the mother and half from the father. Some of the traits that appear in the child may not resemble either parent because a less dominant gene was passed on to the child. That is how a child may look like someone else in the family besides the actual parents. There is no way that just living with a man will give the newborn child any particular physical characteristics. Any similarities are a coincidence or are characteristics the man also shared with the real father. As the child gets older he may adopt mannerisms, posture and speech of the man he identifies as father, even though there .may be no blood relationship. This can often give the impression of similarity. DEAR DR. LAMB — I have had a problem for the past year of retaining water. Once a week I take a pill to eliminate and relieve the swelling of some parts of my body. Is there perhaps another way, perhaps through drinking juices or eating certain foods which would help in a more natural way? DEAR READER — That depends a lot on what is causing you to retain fluid. Many women have this problem in relation to their regular menstrual cycle. It is known as premenstrual retention. The cause here is the increased production of female hormone, specifically estrogen, in a cyclical fashion. The estrogen causes the body to retain salt. Water is retained, because the body is holding on to excess salt. Water retention can also be caused by heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease and in the legs by varicose veins, just to mention a few causes. In most of these problems (not varicose veins, however) the difficulty is caused by retention of excess amounts of salt. Normally the kidney eliminates the salt we don't need. When you take a pill to eliminate water it chemically causes the kidney to eliminate the excess salt, and the excess water goes with the salt. The only nutritional approach to this problem is to eat less salt. That may mean eliminating a lot of foods you need because they also contain salt in their natural form. I am thinking of milk and meat, in particular. The extreme form of a low- salt diet is the rice diet, which means eating only rice and fruit. I don't recommend this under any circumstances for anyone except under the careful management of a physician. Despite my remarks, I do think that you can help yourself some by avoiding salty foods and not using salt in your cooking or at the table. Usually this isn't enough to solve the problem completely, but you can trv it. parlor by day and is a call girl by night? When does she work you in? I'm afraid it's hopeless, unless you can make more, or she agrees to settle for less. DEAR ABBY: My problem is a peculiar one. I've been dating a very special young lady for the past two months. She is perfect in every way except for her elbows. They have got to be the ugliest matching pair I have ever seen. I've never mentioned this to her. but she must be aware of it because she keeps them hidden by long sleeves when possible. I.'-ye ;met her parents only once and they both seem to have normal elbows so it's not hereditary. Could she have developed those ugly elbows through drug abuse? Or could she have had a vitamin deficiency when she was young? I wouldn't hurt her feelings by asking her what happened to her elbows because I love her, but I wonder if you can tell me anything that might shed some light on the subject. NAME WITHHELD BY REQUEST DEAR NAME: It's entirely possible that the young lady's elbows are perfectly normal — it's your concept of ugliness that's far-out. As long as they bend in the right places and you say she is otherwise perfect and you love her. why not accept her as she is — elbows and all? I trust that you are a perfectly flawless man. Barbs Some retired types spend more time in the shop then when they were working here. What goes best with a patterned maroon tie is maranara sauce. There's nothing like a pipeful of good tobacco to make you realize just what you've been smoking. The difference between a shop and a shoppe is a markup of about 200 per cent on the merchandise. If there's a 40 per cent chance of rain, there's a 60 per cent chance it will fall where we are. ily Times Herald 6 Guilty' Working Mothers By Joanne Koch Guilt is an occupational hazard of employed mothers. Some of us find it very difficult to reconcile the pressing needs of mind and budget with the emotional needs of our children. Some of this guilt is unavoidable. There will be times when both the children and the boss demand our attention. But there is a great deal of unnecessary guilt experienced because of misconceptions we mothers have about working vague notions that kids wouldn't have problems if mom were always home, that they become delinquents only because mom is on the job in the office instead of in the kitchen, that the child of a working mother has a diminished self-esteem. Lois Hoffman, professor of psychology at the University of Michigan, has been studying the effects of maternal employment on children for over 15 years. In a pamphlet available from the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, Mich. 48104), Professor Hoffman gathers together the important research on this topic and gives a clear and surprisingly guilt-free concept of the working mother. Most of the confusion about the effects of the mother's employment on the child has to do with the differing needs of young children and school age children. An 8-eight-old may thrive with a working mom whereas a 2-year-old may be deprived by that arrangement. 08 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other than 'Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W.WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B.WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per year $23.00 All Other Mail in the United States, pet year $27.00 New Shortage: Time By Kay Cromley * By 1985, if we invest $60 billion a year effectively, we should be virtually out of the current petroleum energy crisis, barring unexpected disasters. But then, we shall almost certainly be faced with a new energy crisis worse than today's — brought on by a skyrocketing worldwide demand, including persistent growth of American requirements. We can also expect a gradual decline in production rates at some of the world s leading oil-producing areas. In short, 10 years and $600 billion will merely buy time. Doubling coal output, doubling our total investment in oil and gas, speeding nuclear power plant building, pushing oil from shale and synthetic liquids from coal with vigor — and expanding refining, transportation and auxiliary industries to boost domestic output and delivery by a third conceivably could put us in rough balance a decade from now. assuming rigorous steps to conserve fuel use. From then on. we'll begin to lose ground, slowly at first and then rapidly unless there are major scientific breakthroughs someplace along the line. This means new technical and engineering discoveries in breeder reactors, fusion power, solar energy, the liquefaction of coal and extraction of oil from shale and geothermal energy to make these processes sufficiently practical and economically competitive on a large scale. It will not be necessary, of course, to succeed simultaneously in all these fields. But there must be breakthroughs in a variety of areas to provide the huge amounts of energy which will be required in the last 15 years of this century and beyond. The research problems are formidable. We have a great deal of shale oil. Deposits are estimated at 1,800 billion barrels of oil. But only 6 per Homemaking cent is accessible in sufficiently thick strata and high oil content to be commercially practical today. Liquefication of coal at present is technically possible. But the processes are too costly to be competitive on a large scale. A great deal more work is required on fusion and breeder power and on geothermal energy in large quantities and on the practical application of solar power to buildings. In some cases, the technical problems of production and the accompanying engineering problems associated with making the energy useful in the form in which it's needed are not the primary difficulty. The application of solar heat to homes, office buildings and factories is more a problem of transforming concepts and preconceptions in the building industry, a feat which may be more difficult to achieve than breakthroughs in solar energy production. A major problem we face is that these longer-range research and development projects will compete with the $60 billion a year investment and production program required to meet 1985 needs. Both will vie for the scarce supply of scientists and engineers specializing in the skills required. Both will compete for money. The probability is that the $60 billion a year investment in production facilities, refining, transportation and associated industries, which means an increase of $30 billion a year over present energy investment, will siphon off such a large percentage of our public and private investment capital that funds required for the long-range research and development to prepare us for the post 1985 period will not be availablenn the amounts needed — thus the new crisis. Convert Mirror By Polly Cramer POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — I removed a large heavy mirror (45 x 50- inch) from an old vanity dresser and would now like to fix it so I can hang it on the wall. It has a 12-inch thick wood backing fastened with two grips at each end. I call them staves and two are vertical, screwed to the wood back and about two-thirds as long as the mirror. How do I convert this to a wall mirror? Should I glue the wood back on or would that affect the mirror? It does not have a frame so would it be possible to hang the mirror? — SALLY. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is with the small tea or water pots used in restaurants. It is almost impossible to pour water out of them without spilling some. The spouts on those metal pots are so poorly designed. Also I am very annoyed when I see waitresses setting tables in restaurants and handling silverware by the ends used for eating. This is most unsanitary. — KATE. DEAR POLLY — Roger wanted to know how to keep cats out of his garden. They are using it for a litter box. Lay chicken wire over the garden space and plant the seeds in the wire openings and that should keep them out since they cannot scratch in the small areas of the openings. Good luck — this is working for me. — MARY D. DEAR POLLY — I do hope Roger who has trouble with cats in his vegetable garden likes oranges. We solved'this problem by cutting up orange skins and scattering them all around. I think it is the oil in the rinds that the cats dislike and this certainly will not harm them. —MRS. J.K. DEAR POLLY — Roger who has trouble with cats in his garden should sprinkle moth balls generously in the garden and they will keep away not only the cats but rabbits, too. We found this most effective. — HELEN. DEAR POLLY — So many women are now enjoying making quilts that will eventually be heirlooms and may add further to this pleasure by making matching pillowcases and even decorate sheets with the same motif. Even when making a quilt from a kit it is often possible to retrieve pieces from the clippings to use for this. The quilt design will be greatly reduced for use on linens. These matching linens give a dressed up look to a bed made up for guests. —MARTHA. DEAR GIRLS — Often quilts used for bedspreads are not long enough to pull up over the pillows during the day. Therefore, Martha's idea might be adapted, the quilt design reduced and used a bit more lavishly for pillow covers to be used on top of the quilt during the day. POLLY. BERRY'S WORLD © 1974 by NEA. inc. "/ try to think of the pins as the House Judiciary Committee!"