The News and Observer from Raleigh, North Carolina on May 16, 1965 · 287
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The News and Observer from Raleigh, North Carolina · 287

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Raleigh, North Carolina
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Sunday, May 16, 1965
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287
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-4 041140100"-Nwv-qemw4 kNonirPvowwecwwwwNrIlinmeg'"PP-vo- IPNr-ww-gomw-1091-voloww-ly Atancew Centurt The News and Observer Sunday May 1A 1965 1 MM I 1 rr: 41 an' Un W8 thc of gis bo fir Ca pr4 thc Pel 17E eni del No 1101 sit ion do4 thE fra svh hal of an gol W dei thc °of thc an thc un po co nit plz rra ini hi! Ca sit eq ea ho Cc on of sti WE ke rn Br Di er ea ag ly na C( di! 11( in a 1111 B Zn na svi la Pt ar cF wi w nC Sc St ui in th th ti If qt In th Cl th t Zr tt Campuses: The Corners Of Triangle 4 State's History Reflected In Growth of University -p In the same year The News and Observer was born the University of North Carolina was headed for total eclipse The first state university in the nation had served the sons of North Carolina for 70 years giving free tuition room and board to those who needed it In the hands of men like the first president Dr Joseph Caldwell and the Civil War president Dr David L Swain the little university had prospered Since it was chartered in 1789 and opened in 1795 it had encouraged the growth of academics and schools all over North Carolina Then doom came It was not the Civil War nor even the occupation of the village of Chapel Hill by Union troops that closed the doors of the university Reconstructron Doom came in the form of the Reconstruction days fraught with partisan politics when native North Carolinians had little to say about the life of their State days of despair and poverty In 1868 the Reconstruction government headed by Gov W W Holden relieved President Swain and his faculty of their duties In 1869 the university reopened with a new president the Rev Solomon Pool and an all-Republican faculty But the people of the State no Wealthy Duke Had Meager Beginnings James B Duke and the university his millions made possibly had something in common: a meager beginning No polished product of the plantation South Duke spent many of his early years toiling under a burning sun on his family's small Durham County farm Brown's Schoolhouse The start of Duke University which he founded was equally unpromising The source of its present sprawling campuses was Brown's School house in rural Randolph County Duke's family tradition was one of hard work rather than of cotillions and moonlight strolls down magnolia lined walks In the desolation that kept on working and made his millions The tempo by which Brown's Schoolhouse became Duke University was far slower than that by which Duke earned his fortune Erected nearly 127 years ago the schoolhouse eventually developed into Normal College and after some years its name was changed to Trinity College Some of Trinity's leaders disliked the college's location How they asked could the institution ever thrive in such a provincial place? It was suggested that Washington Duke father of James B might give substantial financial help if the college moved to Durham Move To Durham The move came in 1891 when the older Duke gave a large sum for this specific purpose But before the change many an angry cry was hurled against the step Opponents charged Durham with being a wild and uncouth town It was they asserted bitterly no place for tender collegiate sensibilities However the sensibilities survived whatever Durham's fleshpots of that day offered in the way of temptation And the college progressed It is doubtful however if the college could have con-timed to exist much less make progress without frequent healthy infusions of Duke money The monetary need remained constant aid so did the Dukes' giving Although Benjamin James B's brother became understandably weary of the incessant need they invariably came through when disaster threatened The family's largesse continued even after a student there presumably with administrative consent if not ap Yr700 f h zmnintnrfmmz7nmwm1 longer felt an allegiance to their university The Republican legislature failed to support it In 1870 the lights went out in Chapel Hill The bell in South Building was silent The Old Well had no bucket no rope no students or teachers to drink from it Weeds grew high on the campus The University of North Carolina did make the inevitable comeback In 1875 the conservatives or Democrats began to regain influence in the General Assembly These men many alumni of the university campaigned to reopen the school in Chapel Hill Woman as Torch-bearer But the real torch-bearer was a woman She was Cornelia Phillips Spencer widow of a faculty member and daughter of another Her stirring letters were published in newspapers and her personal letters inspired alumni to action The legislature of 1875 authorized the re-birth of the University Kemp P Battle was named president Mrs Spencer climbed the steps of South Building to the tower She seized the bell rope and rang the bell to signal the new beginning of the university Students came swarming back To get in the university in proval publicly railed against the "tobacco trust" Others felt that biting the hands that feed you is a fool proof way to starvation It was in 1924 that James B Duke set up the Indenture that provided the millions re squired to establish Duke University around the nucleus of Trinity College Trinity's campus became The Woman's College of the University About a mile to the west huge trees were felled to construct the men's campus with its focal point to towering Gothic Duke Chapel Despite Its youth the university has many noteworthy attainments to its credit Many of its colleges schools and departments have earned national recognitions Its faculty pay scale is among the country's highest Scholastic stand ards of its students continue to rise $170 Million Sought But Duke's President Douglas M Knight foresees the need for an additional $170 million in the next 10 years if the institution is to continue its surge upward in the academic world Much of this support must come from sources other than The Duke Endowment Thomas L Perkins chairman of the Trustees of The Duke Endowment agrees that Duke has reached a turning point as it enters its fifth decade "It is not in every period of its history that a college or university can expect significant advances" he points out "This is such a time for Duke University" Statue of founder )1 )f 'AR::L-"': : : : :": : :: : : : : ' :: A7-''' '':':: ' i : :' : i :711(4 ' : : : : :': --:'-)'w:ki'''::::'"' : "- :-'4 :' :: I 1: s 11 1 : : :!: :: ) i ' 4 : :1 ' ' i ' : i : tr r b 1 V'x'f- ' ':r i t:j 1't i i : ei i -' -- t- 0 t!-- -r---3-05 : -4' (2 v J'F: 1 1 1 all IrLLF : :i '$':411 1- 11 '' r- I 'I - ' '"'4 'I: c 1 Z Jf:' ' ' ": A: i77 i -4:1 1:: j 1! 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':frii4'0:4- 47A‘4' ''' No On October 3 1889 an Institution known as North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts opened its doors on the west edge of Raleigh On hand were 15 students and SIN professors The plant consisted of one building and a stable Some of the greatest men of that day sadly shook their heads over the futility of It all But the fledgling Institution turned out to be of rugged stock Today it has become NC State University the those days a student had to have a competent knowledge of the elements of English language geography algebra Latin grammar prosody and composition four books of Caesar five books of Virgil's Aeneid Greek grammar and composition To get the BA degree he completed courses in math Latin Greek natural philosophy chemistry French German logic rhetoric astronou my minerlogy and geology mental and moral science international and constitutional law political economy English literature The Bible was taught in all courses During President Battle's regime schools of law and medicine developed In 1878 a summer school for public school teachers was founded the Normal School This was the first time worn en were enrolled in the tmiversity The Raleigh Observer called the opening of the Normal School 'the actual dawn of a new brighter and better era in North Carolina" George Tayloe Winston sueceeded Dr Battle as president in 1891 and Edwin A Alderman followed him in 1895 Francis P Venable the scientists became president at Chapel Hill in 1900 Two of Venable's most famous students in the chemistry lab were John Motley Morehead and William Rand Kenan both later millionaires and benefactors to their alma ma ter Harry W Chase is known as the man who brought the university to its national stature He became president in 1919 after being on the faculty for nine years A New Englander he set about raising standards adding salmis and departments and ultimately secured for the university in 1922 membership in the most exclusive academic organization in the country the Association of American Universities which still has only 41 members The Institute for Research In Social Science and the UNC Press were founded under President Chase From Dramatic Art came Professor Frederick H Koch and his two star pupils Thomas Wolfe and Paul Green Journalism classes were started by Louis Ganes who was followed by Gerald W Johnson and then a de partment was started by Oscar J Coffin In 1931 UNC at Chapel Hill became part of the Consolidated University of North Carolina system under President Frank Porter Graham The Kenan professorships were established with money left the tmiversity by Mrs Robert Worth Bingham in honor of her parents William Rand Kenan and Mary Hargraves Kenan President Graham and Chancellor Robert B House brought t h e university through the depression and World War II years and the spurt ahead in growth—particularly in Health Affairs and sciences—in the late 1940's A four-year medical school and a health complex organized in six schools was formed The Health Affairs area got its start under President Gordon Gray and interim president William D Carmichael Jr The decade 1950-60 Is by ' several units of measurement the greatest and most pro James B Duke C State Steeped in nerve center of research and teaching in science and technology in North Carolina Sprawled out on its 2500- acre main campus ore 75 buildings valued in excess of $50 million Four hundred research projects are in progress valued In excess of 814 million The student body numbers 8900 including a graduate enrollment of 1300 The fight for establishment of the college began in 1872 when Col Leonidas Polk then Commissioner of Agriculture began making speech 11110W11 Bell Tower ductive in the history of the university UNC was heralded by the Carnegie Corporation in a study as one of the foremost universities in the country Grants to students for study abroad became more frequent Specific departments rose to national recognition The educational television station WUNC-TV was opened in the early 150's and the million-dollar Ackland Art Center opened in 1959 The Institute of Government reached its highest peak of service to local and state government officials The Morehead building and Planetarium was completed The Morehead Scholarships program became one of the most attractive awards programs in the country The program for "Superior Freshmen" began with honors programs for students who are extraordinary academic talents William C Friday became president of the university in 1956 including the University at Raleigh and at Greensboro and William B Aycock became Chancellor in 1957 During the next years UNC entered the computer age with the installation of a Univac 1105 and a Research Computation Center There are today 14 colleges and schools with more than 100 ' academic-affiliated departments and institutes Student Growth The University has grown from 1700 students in 1921 to 11300 in 1965 from 200 faculty members to over 1000 full-time and part-time faculty from 12 buildings to a campus of 130 buildings today The total annual budget of Lie university exceeds $20 million Recent achievements include: Increased support for humanist studies and research under Kenan Professor Hugh Holman and a new cooperative program between Duke and UNC World centers in statistics behavioral sciences psychometics city and regional planning The Institute of Government as a national regional and State center for local government officials begun by Prof Albert Coates and continuing under John Sanders The Ackland Art Center and rejuvenated department of art under Joseph Sloane The Institute of Fisheries Research at Morehead City The UNC Press The Fine Arts Program Coker Arboretum The Research Triangle Chancellor Paul F Sharp succeeded Chancellor Aycock in 1964 Prof Aycock resumed teaching at the Law School Chancellor Sharp is backing the program to set up residence colleges with about 1000 students each The new chancellor also loins President Friday former Chancellor Aycock and other leaders in stressing the ideals of freedom in the University I 11 lr: - 4 0 I': ) 11 444 :- J :: s k : V'":''ii ' i : tfi:':?:' : V' —: 1 ' :: ! ''::''''44 ' 1' : ' ''' :L'-: I : :: ! r41 ! '121 If '' 91:i' 41kr:t j4444 ' )I Itf4pook00logr 7--- li 1 t r ''31 4 : ' A - - - es and writing through the columns of The Progressive Farmer about the need for a farmers' college At the same time a group of young men in Raleigh collectively known as the Watauga Club were urging the need for a school of industrial and mechanical arts The Watauga Club was organized in 1884 at the suggestion of William J Pee le a young lawyer with the object of encouraging free discussion and promoting the educational agricultural and industrial interests of the State Among its members were Arthur Winslow Josephus Dan-lets Charles D McIver and Walter Hines Page Watauga Club Memorial In February 1885 the Watauga Club presented a memorial to the General Assembly with information showing the need for a new college On March 7 the Assembly passed a bill for the creation of the college Then followed two years In which supporters of the proposed school sought sufficient funds to open the college and a site on which to put it In 1887 the $7500 Land Scrip Fund was transferred from the University of North Carolina for endowing the new technological college This Fund was set up under the federal Morrill Act signed by President Lincoln in 1862 granting to each State public lends to be sold for income to endow at lease one "Land Grant" college in the State The Land-Grant colleges placed great emphasis on professional or specialized education seeking to meet the needs of a people just learning how to apply the discoveries of science and technology to daily life Then Congress passed the Hatch Act appropriating $15- 000 for an agricultural experiment station to be conducted In connection with the Land Grant colleges Pullen Gave Land R Stanhope Pullen a leading citizen of Raleigh offered 60 acres of land Charlotte and Kinston competed for the college but the inducement of Pullen's land placed it at Raleigh The North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanical Arts came into being in March 1887 (Its name was to be changed in 1917 to the North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering) Colonel Alexander Q Holladay of Virginia was unani jrN : 40o LI$''J: :: L:tirs !:t i I t-1461:7 '' :i 5' 0 C A I ' I i- I : V-::'' Z - te4 a ? ' f ---40s ' 1-"??: t:-''''r4'" '-i "' !4"'10- b- ---- -gt104 !7':2'' f1-SL434'4i‘ 41 0 --' ' : ' " ":'''"'t i4' ' 1ZN44''Vq 0- 4 " e '71” 1' ' - - "'-''''''''' I'll'441-4-4' ' ' r4111i' ' '!i4: -:?'--t-'T1i -717'" Ilr"olott'4kClrlil'ae':"'"' --1111L'----''' o' 4 — t o9 ?Ir'"71! 4 7-0iV ': A ''or: :it 11'' 1014 -fily i - :tr: 1 '?-'''"'f''- f'" ? 441! ‘ '" -': "'"fi- i -- r4 Il -- : ?!:-?-:" 4 PP t At411e4 :i::::::Austa:::'41 - fi -bt:fZi 1:1i ' - A 51 "f' i::'iW ::0" ' ' Y" ' 74 -! " '-- 1 4 ' ' l 4 1A fe !14" : : ' : T 1 ):1 v - !!4"!' 0'i ' 10e- 5Ns 1 :-7 ::: ::: ::::: -q o -' -: A 10' - ' ' ''' :g1 ''- ':''" !!"i !—:1:' Vr'01 ' pfr - 'at': :11 4':'4:f41:-11t r7 111r ti4' :'0 s :6:!4: ::' iz-: : ci:-40 : it:oA H O r III r ( 1 iv k o 0 - c- $L111 ! 1111 Iii1fr'e ' "'--- -41-ii: : J:--itt- : -: 11-:tr 0- ---1: 1:701 t:- :-0 k:v r40- :se- ) kt Vs °'' ( : i 11 i t' : te' 4 ii1Sitt't I It c:1111' 4 :t if' ft t ' 5r' I ! t$1 ) I Modern mously elected president in 1888 He had applied for the professorship of English Colonel Holladay was followed by Dr George Taylor Winston in 1899 During Dr Winston's administration the school of Textiles was started and the faculty grew from 24 to 40 members Dr Daniel Harvey Hill a member of the original faculty became president in 1908 During his term the 1911 Dormitory was built named in honor of the class which abolished hazing Dr Wallace Carl Riddick moved from vice-president to president when Dr Hill resigned in 1916 Be served until 1923 when he voluntarily retired to become dean of the new School of Engineering Dr Eugene Clyde Brooks was State Superintendent of Public Instruction when he was elected fifth president of N C State Under his guidance a Division of Forestry was established in the School of Agriculture and the School of Engineering added new departments In 1934 Colonel John W Harrelson head of the math de partment was selected to head the college with a change of title to "dean of administration" He was the fifth alumnus to fill this position His title was changed In 1945 to chancellor of State College 1 ''44 ' - 'N p IL N 7:4 4t ip s — PROGRESS PROSPERITY-AND To grow and prosper a company must determine the needs of the public and then Strive to fulfill those needs with products conveying useful benefits It is to this end that Corniug is dedicated Our Electronic Products Division and its facili ties in Raleigh have played a large part in our recent growth But more important have been the contributions made by the many dedicated North Carolinians employed at these facilities They have helped us remain the world leader in providing quality products made of glass and related materials for science industry electronics and the home Corning Glass Works Corning N Y Go miVING Research p lit 1 F 071SIV! edl' r ) &glEtA4qN'NIMPOEVAIM campus of N C State University and vice-president of the Consolidated University Under Chancellor Harrelson the College Union William Neal Reynolds Coliseum Clark Infirmary and the Nuclear Reactor Building were added Dr Carey H Bostian director of instruction in the School of Agriculture became chanctlior in 1953 During his administration enrollment jumped from 4055 to 5685 N C State completed a multi-million dollar expansion program Dr Bostian resigned to return to full-time teaching as a professor of gentics and Dr John T Caldwell then president of the University of Arkansas succeeded him as chancellor on September 1 1959 Since Dr Caldwell began his duties the graduate and undergraduate enrollment has jumped from 6510 In 1960 to 8878 this year—an all-time high Currently a nearly 17 million building program is being developed The N C State teaching staff numbers 1163—with over 500 holding doctor of philosophy degrees Outlaying projects include 16 research farms scattered throughout the State the Minerals Research Laboratory in Asheville and an agricultural research mission in Peru Several years ago two of the largest private grants in PEOPLE c: 7? Ab:J (:st — "'gor"okAt r ri et 4 $ '' '''N'ilt(‘ 1 ? "--:4i 1 447 t - 5'!r: '?' fk 44b '''' ck":77 '''47 4 the school's history came from the Ford and Kellogg Foundations The National Institutes of Health National Science Foundation Carnegie Corporation and Rockefeller Foundation as well as a number of private companies are heavy investors in the research activities at N C State In 1962 the Twentieth Century Fund of New York announced a $250000 grant to N C State to conduct a far reaching study on the South's economic future Last year in addition to renewal of the $1 million Kellogg grant the college was awarded $2 million for a five-year study in quantitative genetics and another $1 million for an investigation of pesticides In 1963 the Higher Education Act designated that NC State was a university and the center for teaching and research in science and technology in the State At this time came the creation of the school's eighth undergraduate degree-granting division the School of Liberal Arts Today Col Leonidas Polk and his determined courageous friends wouldn't recognize their "agricultural and mechanical college" But they'd be proud of it: '''''' ' 4 b '44 4J T --- - 0 t :ts d pz'1:i4eL It ts-N L t ittoemet lit0003411441aiiioit k 1 1

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