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Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS The Flowers That Bloom THIS Spring Friday, June 14, 1974 Political Risks Sen. John Tower of Texas has introduced a bill which would smooth the path for retired military officers who want to take a flyer in state politics. The bill provides that when an officer is required by state law to relinquish military pay and benefits in order to hold public office in that state, he may have them restored after serving his term in office. While the bill does not mention any individual by name, there is little doubt that Tower has in mind Gen. William C. Westmoreland. The former Army chief of staff and commander of U.S. forces in Vietnam has announced his candidacy for the South Carolina Republican gubernatorial nomination. The bill was introduced after a meeting between Tower and Westmoreland, and an aide to the senator is on record as saying "you might infer . . . that Westmoreland requested it." This is interesting, but its importance should not be over-emphasized. The larger question is whether Congress ought to make available to retired officers this kind of insurance against the financial risks of venturing into politics. It is not an open-and-shut issue. There are at least two considerations to be weighed. We feel some hesitancy about placing any obstacles in the way of retired military officers' seeking public office. They are citizens, and it is the right of all qualified citizens to run for office if they choose; the right is an important one. The retired officer's entitlement to retirement pay and benefits also weighs in favor of not penalizing him for political candidacy. These have been earned. It is unfair to deprive the officer of them without just cause. A counter argument can be made. Many persons who seek public office thereby hazard loss of income and security in their employment. Nor is it uncommon for the holder of an office to relinquish it for a crack at a higher office. Risks of this kind are an inescapable part of politics. Viewpoint 7=? Advice Husband Into Wife Swapping By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: Quite some time ago my husband asked me how I felt about wife swapping. I told him I hoped he was kidding because the thought of it made me sick. The subject was dropped. The next thing I knew. Pete started bringing home some of those crummy underground newspapers and reading ads from couples who wanted to swap. I told him if he decided to go in for anything so lowdown he had better find Homemaking himself another wife. I then went out of town for some dental surgery. I was gone for five days. When I returned Pete told me that "just for the fun of it" he had looked up a few couples who had advertised themselves as swingers, and he thought it might be fun if we tried it. Abby, the idea is absolutely revolting to me. My moral upbringing wouldn't permit me to do anything so vile. We've been married for 33 years and I can't Female Stymied Remove Acid Stains ^ y K\ Potty Cramer \J«^ There is something rather odd about the Navy's training a helicopter pilot at great expense yet having no intention of allowing him to land on combat vessels once his training is completed. In these days of women's liberation the fact that the pilot concerned is a she, not a he, does not significantly alter the basic situation. The point is illustrated in the case of Ens. Joellen Drag, who joined the Navy two months after its flight training program was opened to women. She expects to qualify as a helicopter pilot sometime next year, but will then be victimized by a law banning women from setting foot on combat ships. She put it thus the other day: "Our squadron's primary mission is vertical replenishment, or transferring supplies from a supply ship to a receiver ship. And by federal law, I won't be allowed to land aboard a Navy ship." This has an air of the ridiculous about it. The law permits the Navy to train women as helicopter pilots but forbids those women, once qualified, to perform the duties expected of such pilots. Either Congress should amend the law appropriately, or the Navy should confine female officers to such duty as the present law sanctions. New Pesticide On the lighter side of the news from India, which is certainly a side that isn't seen very often, the government has announced that "a highly effective pesticide" has been developed by the biomedical group of the Bhaba Atomic Research Center in Bombay. The raw material? Garlic. Field trials carried out in mosquito-breeding sites near Bombay showed that garlic oil is 100 per cent effective against several species of mosquitoes. Not only that, but unlike many other pe'sticides, garlic spray is nonhazardous to the environment and insects generally do not develop resistance to it. Well, actually, it's much the same with people, isn't it? The smell doesn't kill you, but no matter how many times you ride the bus next to someone whose lunch is flavored with it, you never get used to it. POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — I have seen planters made out of old automobile tires and tried to make one but with no success. The tire was turned inside out and looked somewhat like an iron bucket. There must be some trick to it. I hope someone can tell me how it is done.—MARY T.T. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is with workmen such as carpenters, plumbers (you name them all) who come to one's house to do a job and then remember something they forgot or have some other reason to use the telephone and come into the house with dirty hands, shoes, clothes, etc., and usually when everything is spic and span. That is such an aggravation. — M.A.H. DEAR POLLY — I do not think there is much Janet F. can do to remove the battery acid stains from the panelled wall in her trailer home other than trying to scrub it clean but prevention is really her answer. Most batteries start to break down soon after they become dead and then start to leak. (Polly's note: Of course, a defective new one could do the same.) Keep all battery contacts clean to reduce battery drain. When a clock such as she has starts to lose two or three minutes a day it is time to change to a new battery. Date batteries and change according to the clock manufacturer's directions. Do not wait until it stops running. That is of ten too late. It takes only a second to change batteries and GOOD Batteries seldom ever leak, just the weak and dead ones. —STANLEY. DEAR READERS — i have not done this since I do not use a pressure cooker but it sounds logical if one is very precise about the measurements (including the thickness) and is sure of a GOOD TIGHT FIT. - POLLY. DEAR POLLY - My Pointer concerns those roller type lint removers for which one can buy refills. My sewing area has red carpet and threads and ravelings stick to it so badly I had to hand pick them off. Girls, I thought of using my roller lint remover for this mean little job. In no time the threads were all off and without my having to drag out the vacuum. I think this is too good to keep and want to share it with our sewing friends. —EMMA imagine what's gotten into him. Pete says times have changed, and everybody swings. I can't believe that. Please tell me, Abby. Am I out of step or is he? BEWILDERED DEAR BEWILDERED: He is. Don't let him kid you. It's a new name for a very old game in which everybody loses. Ask your husband how he'd like to swing around to his doctor's for a checkup — from the neck both ways. He could be sick. DEAR ABBY: My husband and I go around with another young married couple who have been getting on our nerves lately because of something they do which we dislike. They are always talking about how much money they make, how much their clothes cost them, how much they spent on their vacations, and they even bragged about how much they got back on their income tax. It's sickening. What do you do about people like that without breaking up the friendship? HATES BRAGGING DEAR HATES: I would see a Jot less of them. But if you don't want to break up the friendship (this is a friendship?) tell them in a friendly tone that their constant talk about money is boring, so to please soft pedal it. And if you should lose their friendship, you'll not have lost much. Barbs Add to your dictionary of collective nouns: a persuasion of moochers. April showers brought May flowers which will pollinate and bring June hay fever. Daily Times Herald 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other than 'Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMESW. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor W.L.REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription pates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service , is not available, per year $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per year $23.00 All Other Mail in the United States, per year $27.00 BERRY'S WORLD © 1974 by NEA, "/ w/7/ NOT get the electric knife for you — you're slipping back into your old energy habits!" Defense Intelligence By Ray Cromley *9. There's a gap in our military intelligence on Russia large enough to drive a truck through. The problem is crucial. The gap lies in just those unknown areas — whatever they might be — where Soviet • military scientists may achieve major unexpected breakthroughs. By definition, we don't know what those areas are precisely, or what those breakthroughs might be. We are not using the resources we have available to find out. The gap is large because of neglect. Methods exist by which the problem could be solved, or at least whittled down to size. Expense would not be exhorbitant. What's needed principally is a relatively small diversion percentage-wise of intelligence resources and research funds. No one knows, of course, just where Soviet scientists will stumble on major new techniques in achieving greater missile accuracy, relative missile invulnerability, reliable detection of nuclear submarines at sea, or in discovering some new missile, warship, electronic device or other weapons system or component. But science is now moving at such a fast pace it is highly likely that at some point or other, the Soviets will make spectacular breakthroughs in areas we least expect and for which we are unprepared. One such discovery could be important enough to upset the military balance seriously enough to endanger the security of this country. As noted above, there is a way to solve this intelligence problem. It depends on a most interesting Russian bureaucratic habit. Soviet scientists regularly publish their studies in great detail on a wide variety of subjects, even in areas related to military problems — up to a point. When the studies advance to a certain level of military significance, all new work in the field involved disappears from Russian scientific literature. This then is the tipoff. This Russian habit is known here. Committees are set up from time to time to study the problem. They meet, look at the matter awhile then all too frequently let the matter sit. There is normally no organized, intensive continuous research into what the Soviet scientists are on to when these gaps appear. The reason is simple. Intelligence personnel and intelligence agencies get rated, as elsewhere, on the number and quality of solutions they come up with. Quantity is frequently more important than quality. The problems we are discussing here are so abstruse they get shunted aside in the press of daily work or get assigned low priorities. Yet for the reasons outlined above, these mysteries should be regularly and continually on the front burner. Intelligence today, unfortunately, is all but overwhelmed by the amount of detailed routine data brought in by spy satellites, by scanning books, magazines, newspapers, documents and reports on "this and that" by U.S. and allied officials from data gathered by a fist-full of other techniques. The Russians cannot build a silo in secret, fire a test missile without us knowing most of its essential characteristics or put a new submarine to sea without us having a report almost immediately. When we know what we are looking for, such as a new defense installation, we normally succeed and quickly. The problem, however, and a most prickly problem indeed, is discovering those things we are not looking for, especially those developments achieved under cover in scientific labs and in the calculations of Soviet physicists. Here is where the danger lies. By the time a military breakthrough is achieved and a new weapon concept tested, it may be too late. For lead times in producing major new weapon systems stretch into more than a few odd years. Need Flexible Hours By Joanne Koch As a mother who spends more time in front of a typewriter than a stove, I was surprised and relieved to read this statement by authority on maternal employment Lois Hoffman: "The idea that maternal employment brings emotional deprivation to the school age child has not .been..,,, supported." But I also learned from Professor Hoffman's collection of research on working mothers that preschool children — especially those under the age of three — may suffer when their mothers have a full-time job. This is particularly true when the child is left with a number of different baby-sitters. "There is no evidence," according to Professor Hoffman "that the caretaker has to be the mother or that this role is better filled by a male or a female." There is evidence that the infant needs warmth, stability and interaction to stimulate his-her development. Those who argue for the mother's presence at home during the first three years of the child's life believe that the mother needs to develop a close and satisfying relationship with her infant. "While the effects on the children may be counteracted by good substitute care," claims one study cited by Hoffman, the separation of children from their mothers for 8 or 9 hours a day "must have profound effects on the mother's own relationship with her young,children." The mother has to learn to care about her child. A sense of attachment does not spring up full-blown as the new-born child is brought to its mother. The need for a mother to develop a close and mutually satisfying relationship with her young infant is one of the fundamental reasons why many researchers have opposed full-time work for mothers of children under 3. Here, then, is the dilemma. Millions of mothers with children under three have to work. Others crave the outside stimulation of a job, but are prevented from pursuing their careers by the fear that their infants and toddlers will suffer because of their absence. There is substantial evidence indicating they should stay home. Health Loses Weight, Drive By Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D DEAR DR. LAMB — I read your article about rapid weight loss and the effects it has on the body; among them was a loss of muscles and sex drive. I would like to know if that would cause the breasts to sag terribly. After my first child', almost eight years ago, my breasts, stomach, bottom and the rest of my body sagged Daaiy. ~i practically starved myself to lose weight and Jost 3b points in one month. I also seemed to have lost my strength. Before my first child I was very well shaped, solid and fairly strong for a woman. I'm only 26 and want to know if I can restore the size of my breasts and gain back my muscle tone. DEAR READER — You certainly must have starved yourself to have lost that much weight in a month. There are 3,500 calories in a pound of body fat. That is far more calories than a normal person with moderate activity uses in a day. There are only about 600 calories in lean muscle so you lost muscle as well as fat. No wonder you lost strength and developed sagging muscles. This can happen to anyone who insists on going on a semi-starvation diet. Unfortunately, in many of these diet fads people lose much more than just fat. You can rebuild your muscles, but it will take work. Muscles grow and gain strength from being put under load, as in weight lifting. You can load the muscle by various forms of exercise, including sit-ups and leg lifts for the stomach, push-ups and chin-ups for the arms and shoulders and a variety of exercises that cause each muscle to be contracted firmly. Just eating food, including protein, will not restore those muscles. It takes both food and physical work. You had strong muscles to begin with because you used them. By losing them from starvation^you will now have to work them hard while you are getting enough protein to ever get back the muscle strength you once had. Remember neither food (protein) nor work alone will do the trick. It takes both together. You will help your breasts some by improving your muscle mass. The development of the chest muscles under the breast will decrease the sag some. Posture is also important. Good posture requires strong muscles in the back and between the shoulders. When the chest is held up and the shoulders are properly back, rather than slouched, the breasts are lifted. That makes the profile more attractive. Part of the size of the breasts is fat. If you are starved, the normal fat deposits will melt away leaving the sagging sac of skin so distressing to many women. I doubt you will be able to achieve the same breastline you once had, but you can certainly improve yourself by correcting the muscle problems that tend to develop from starvation. The obvious lesson here is to prevent such problems. Women who gain more weight than they want during pregnancy should not go on any crash diet. If it took nine months to put it on, take nine months to get it off. A good, sensible diet, particularly if you combine it with a good exercise program for the abdomen and for posture, will help you avoid these problems and do a lot to regain your former shape.