Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 15, 1963 · Page 1
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July 15, 1963

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Home Paper of 70 Communities Galesburg lfcgfster-Mail » Weather Strip* ifed Somewhat Warmer Tonighi Partly Cloudy Tuesday With Possible Sho'weri A Better Nmipaper VOLUME LXXII — 165 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — MONDAY, JULY 15, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS 4 t _ » i, e> 4 <,' ' / 111 > . M t INTEGRATION ATTEMPT FOILED — Jeering crowds follow three Negro youths who tried to Integrate be^ch at Savannah, Ga., Sunday. The three were arrested by police to the applause of onlookers. Photographers on hand were also subjected to verbal abuse. UNIFAX. Gov. Wallace Blames Kennedy for Race Strife WASHINGTON (AP) Gov. George Wallace of Alabama said today that inept handling of racial problems by the Kennedy administration has resulted in "a nation torn by strife and turmoil on the brink of civil warfare." Wallace who failed in his "schoolroom door"'stand against integration at the University of Alabama, said that if Congress passes a public accommodations bill, "You should nake preparations to withdraw all our troops from Berlin, Viet Nam and the Mundt Urges Squeeze on Cuban Trade WASHINGTON (UPI) - Sen. Karl E. Mundt, R-S.D., called on the Kennedy administration today to tighten what he termed its "half-hearted" economic boycott of Cuba. Mundt recommended a four- part program of action "far short of war" which would deny U.S. ports to ships of any country letting its vessels trade with Cuba and would use the foreign aid program to reward nations joining in an anti-Castro effort. He also proposed that the Organization of American Slates and NATO be asked officially to halt trade with Cuba and that similar requests go to every other nation outside Communist domination, Volume Increasing Mundt, in the latest in a series of Republican Senate speeches on Cuba, said that the number of trips, by free-world ships to Cuba had increased since January and that the "volume of Soviet-bloc shipping to Cuba seems to be rising." He conceded that there was a "virtually complete embargo on U.S.-Cuba trade" in effect since February 1962 and that most Latin American countries were sharply curtailing their own Cuban trade. rest of the world because they will be needed to police America." Wallace's remarks were in a statement prepared for the Senate Commerce Committee. It resumed hearings today on one of the seven points in President Kennedy's civil rights program—a bill prohibiting racial discrimination in such public facilities as restaurants and hotels. Wallace said Americans "are not going to comply with this type of legislation," and he labeled the rest of Kennedy's civil rights program "equally abominable." "A President who sponsors legislation such at the civil rights act of 1963 should be retired from office," Wallace said, predicting that Kennedy will learn in the 1964 election "it is not politically popular to send troops to Alabama and Mississippi." Kennedy ordered federal troops into Oxford, Miss., last fall after rioting broke out on the University of Mississippi campus when a' Negro enrolled in the school. He sent federal troops to bases near Birmingham in May follow- in racial violence in the Alabama city! Wallace echoed the charge of another Southern^ governor, Ross Barnett of Mississippi who testified against the measure Friday, in telling the committee that "there are Communist influences in the integration movement." Conclusion Expected in Reds' Parley MOSCOW (AP)-Dlplomats predict the Soviet and Communist .Chinese negotiators will conclude their deadlocked ideological talks soon with a meaningless face- saving communique assuring that time will heal the differences in the Communist camp. The seriousness of the split between the Communist giants was emphasized by publication Saturday of a 35,000-word Soviet Communist party statement accusing the Chinese of being hypocrites and warmongers bent on a nuclear war with the West. Takes Four Pages The Soviet statement, an open letter to the Communist parties of the world, was an official reply to the Chinese attack June 14 on Premier Khrushchev's policy of spreading communism by living in peace with the West. It was spread over four pages of the party newspaper Pravda. Pravda also published the Communist Chinese letter, disclosing to the Soviet people for the first time the extent of the historic breach in the Communist movement. The Soviet statement vigorously restated Moscow's opposition to Peking's hard line and defended Khrushchev's arguments that communism can overcome capitalism through peaceful competi tion. Test Talks Open On Optimistic Note • • • Where to Find It % Sections 32 Pages 29 Amusement 6 ' 24-25 Bushnell 6 Classified Ads 30-31 Comics-TV-Radio - 26 Editorial 4 6 6 29 Markets 27 22 Obituary 28 18-19-20 2 Women In the News - 8-9 Demonstrations To Be Resumed in Cambridge, Md. 'peace- By UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL Negro leaders in Cambridge, Md., planned ful" demonstrations today and segregationists and in- tegrationists alike commenced new moves to tip the nation's racial dispute in their favor. Integration leaders in Cambridge promised their demonstrations would remain within the bounds of limited martial law, clamped on the town last week after bloody racial rioting. The town's white leaders requested a meeting with Gov. J. Millard Tawes this afternoon to discuss white-Negro tensions. A Negro leader announced over the weekend that the demonstrations would resume but promised they could be "well-disciplined and peaceful." However, Mrs. Gloria H. Richardson, head of the Non-Violent Action Commit* tee, said "if nothing happens within a week or so we are going to have to court arrest." Cambridge and Savannah, Ga., scenes of racial violence last week, were comparatively calm over the Sabbath. About 450 Negroes sang "freedom songs" Sunday in the shadow of a monument to Savannah's Confederate dead in downtown Forsyth Park. Three young Negroes were arrested for staging a "wade-in" at nearby Savannah Beach. A Negro leader "called off a protest march because, he said, police broke up an attempted march by a wliite segregationist group Saturday. "If everyone can't march, we will not march," said the Rev. Andrew Young. Young referred to a march by white segregationists who got three blocks before police stopped them. It was one of the first protests of its type during racial turmoil in the nation, dominated mainly by integrationist demonstrations. Two Americans Wounded in Saigon Battle SIAGON (AP)—Two Americans were injured and 63 'Communist guerrillas killed in a daylong battle described as the worst ever fought near Saigon between government and Red forces. Military sources placed government casualties at. 26 killed, and 51 wounded. The two Americans injured were not immediately identified. Only skimpy details were reported on the battle, which occurred Saturday in Long Ann Province, 20 miles southwest of Saigon. Military sources said the battle started when government troops in helicopters encountered a barrage of groundfire. Haps Military MESSENA, N.Y. (AP) - Rep. John E. Moss said today a military effort to control newsmen and . photographers at some air crash scenes is resulting in the exercise of a police power over civilians that is contrary to the basic concepts of the American government. The California Democrat, chairman of the House subcommittee on government information, asserted that "military authorities have absolutely no right to exercise police powers over civilians, yet they are claiming this right and exercising it almost everytime there is a plane crash outside a military base." Number of Millionaires Rises in U.S. WASHINGTON (UPI) — The na tion is producing millionaires at the fastest clip since the get-rich quick era of the late 1920s. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) ~ in its latest tabulation on the subject — reported today that 398 persons filed returns showing $1 million or more income in 1961. This was the largest number since 1929 when the stock market was at the peak of its stratospheric binge, and the total of $1 mil'ion taxpayers hit a record 513. Ninety-two new faces were added to this select group in 1961, the biggest increase since 1928 when the number spurted by 221. The IRS statistics show only those who reported earning $1 million or more during the 1961 tax year. Authorities on the distribution of U. S. wealth estimate there are a lot more Americans who are worth $1 million today. Some have placed the number as high as 100,000. Sen. Dirksen Holds Key to Civil Rights WASHINGTON (AP)-Sen. Gaylord Nelson, D-Wis., regards Sen. Everett Dirksen, R-Ill., as the key to whether civil rights legislation will be enacted this year. Nelson said today he is confident that Dirksen, the Republican Senate leader, is a strong believer in equal rights and opportunities r or all persons. The question, Nelson said, is just how successful Dirksen may be in rallying Republican senators behind a move, expected to be .made later, this year, to cut off debate and bring civil rights legislation to a vote. Votes Available Such a move would require the votes of two-thirds of the senators present and voting, or 67 senators if all were present. The Senate now has 67 Democrats and 33 Republicans. The votes are there to pass civil rights bill, Nelson said, if efforts are successful to end the expected filibuster by Southern Democratic senators. "But it is anybody's guess right now whether civil rights legislation will pass this year and what it will contain if it does," said Nelson, a co-sponsor of President Kennedy's civil rights proposals. Government Bans Shipment Of Krebiozen WASHINGTON (AP) — Interstate distribution of the controversial drug krebiozen has become illegal, a Food and Drug Administration spokesman said today. Under regulations which went into effect June 7, it is illegal to distribute an experimental drug in interstate commerce without a distribution plan filed by its sponsors, the spokesman said. Backers of krebiozen for treatment of cancer announced in Chicago Friday night they had withdrawn their application for experimental status. They said government harassment was their reason. Peanuts, Birds On Congress' Work Schedule WASHINGTON (AP) - Peanuts, birds and fish highlight an odds-and-ends assortment of legislation this week before the 88th Congress, rapidly earning a reputation as one of the slowest-moving in history. There are no signs of acceleration soon in the current snail's pace of activity on the Senate and House floors. Instead, there is growing talk of a long Labor Day vacation which might start before the scheduled Aug. 28 integration demonstration that may draw 100,000 persons to the. capital. Finance Woes Hit Seaway; Traffic Up MASSENA, N.Y. (AP) - The St. Lawrence Seaway is facing "one of its most difficult years" because of its inability to meet its financial obligations, the head of the United States section of the seaway said today. Joseph H. McCann, administrator of the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corp., described the international waterway's financial! plight in a speech prepared for delivery at the annual meeting of the New York State Society of Newspaper Editors. McCann said the seaway's business since it opened in 1959 had increased by almost 30 per cent, 'a rate to be envied by any private concern."' In Banner Year He predicted that 1963 would be a "banner year" for the seaway' in the amount of tonnage carried. But McCann pointed out the seaway has a debt of about $130 million it is required to pay off in 50 years at an interest rate of Vk. per cent. "Because our tonnage is far behind original estimates," he said, "it is impossible for us to meet these financial obligations...the load of payments and interest we carry sinks us further into debt* The administrator said the seaway's tolls, which are the waterway's only source of revenue, now are under study by his organization and its Canadian counterpart. Californians Victorious in Powder Derby ATLANTIC CITY, N.J. "(AP)Dee Thurmond, a veteran of five Powder Puff derbies, crossed the finish line first today in the 17th annual women's coast-to-coast race. Dee, with her copilot Betty Hicks, both of Santa Clara, Calif., piloted her Beechcraft Debonair over the line at 10:42 a.m.—just three minutes before the second finisher came winging across. The times are unofficial. Aboard the second plane were two more Californians, pilot Florence Dittmar of Los Angeles, and copilot Mary E. Kemper of Encino. Jovial Khrushchev Welcomes Envoys . MOSCOW (AP) — Jovial and apparently optimistic, Premier Khrushchev personally opened talks today on a limited nuclear test ban agreement with special envoys of President Kennedy and Prime Minister Harold Macmillan. Sitting in a Kremlin conference room with U. S. Undersecretary of State W. | * President to Receive Rail Report Friday WASHINGTON (UPI)-A spe c i a 1 presidential committee studying the facts in the railroad work rules dispute "hopefully" will submit its report Friday to President Kennedy, a Labor Department spokesman said today Railway company and union representatives met today to inform the panel of their concept of the issues. At a similar meeting Tuesday, the parties will outline for the panel their positions on the issues. A closed session of the special committee will be held Wednesday and "the report to the President hopefully will be submitted on Friday," a spokesman said. This would be three days before the original target date. • The special committee was appointed by President Kennedy to make recommendations for a solution to the deadlock over new work rules. Kennedy intends to use the committee's report as a basis for proposals to Congress next Monday to end the dispute. The railroads have agreed to postpone until July 29 imposition of new work rules which eventually would eliminate the jobs of 37,000 firemen on diesel locomotives. The unions have rejected all proposals for arbitration of the dispute saying most of the firemen are needed as a safety measure. Military Men In Ecuador Crush Reds Avcrell Harriman and Britain's Lord Hailsham, the Soviet leader quipped: "Shall we start off by signing the agreement right away?" Harriman shoved a pencil and pad across the table toward Khrushchev. Foreign Minister An drei Gromyko grinned to his chief and said: 'Sign it and leave it to be filled in." The conference is expected to last 10 days. Khrushchev's mood seemed to share the optimism of both the British and Americans about the success in agreeing on a prohibition which would bar nuclear test explosions in the air, in space and under water. The Western side saw no pros pect of getting a complete ban to cover ' underground explosions also. Increasing the prospects for an agreement was the worsening split between the Soviet Union and Red China, Westerners here believed News photographers were allowed to enter the conference room before the actual talks began to take pictures of the negotiators. The conference began with nine representatives on the U.S. and British side and five on the Soviet side. IT Took it Hard LINCOLN, England (UPI) — Employes of the Lincolnshire Road Car Co. went on strike for two hours today in protest of the firing of bus driver Roy Baker. Baker, 35, killed himself last week, five hours after losing his job. QUITO, Ecuador (AP) — Moscow and Havana can write off Ecuador—at least for the time being—as a key target for Communist conquest in South America. Their campaign of sabotage and terrorism, directed by Castro- trained Ecuadoreans, was crushed after the armed forces took over Ecuador's government four days ago. The military booted hard drinking, Communist sympathizing President Carlos Julio Aresemena out of the country and outlawed the Communist party. Leaders Eliminated It rounded up top Communist and leftist trouble-makers and started weeding out extremists entrenched in the government. Manuel Araujo Hidalgo, recognized leader of Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro's movement in Ecuador, went into hiding. A fre- < quent visitor to Havana, he returned three weeks ago from a trip to Red China and Russia, |/ reportedly with orders and funds for a campaign to turn Ecuador Communist. m Jose Maria Roura, Panama- {• born Red agent in Ecuador, was already behind bars. Police arrested him last month when h« p returned from Communist China ^ with $25,000 and an arsenal of Red propaganda. Rockefeller Guns Blast Goldwater WASHINGTON (AP) — Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller has challenged Sen. Barry Goldwater, R : Ariz., to an all- out liberal vs. conservative fight for the 1964 Republican presidential nomination. In a policy statement tantamount to announcing his candidacy, the New York' ~— governor said Sunday the Goldwater strategy is to try to weld conservative, Southern and Western support while writing off Northern states. This, Rockefeller said, "would not only defeat the Republican party in 1964 but would destroy it altogether." Rockefeller said it was incredible that the Republicans would offer such an alternative to the "unprincipled opportunism that has captured the Democratic party." He added: "That alternative will never be found in a party of extremism, a party of sectionalism, a party of racism, a party that disclaims responsibility for most of the population before it even starts its campaign for their support." Reply Awaited Goldwater, who was not named in the statement, made no immediate response. But associates said they interpreted Rockefeller's attack as a declaration of war , they were certain the senator would accept, even though he ro- A rkansawyers Forced to Tie Double Knot STAR CITY, Ark. (AP) —Seven Arkansas couples tied the wedding knot a second time Sunday when they were remarried in a brief mass wedding at Star City, Ark. The couples remarried to comply with a 1941 Arkansas law which makes void marriages in which the bride is under 16 or the groom under 18 years old. The wedding was the largest of a rash of remarriages resulting from a Social Security Administration announcement that it would not pay wives or widows benefits where marriages were invalid under the law. Earlier last week, Arkansas Atty. Gen. Bruce Bennett said the marriages were valid until void* ed by a court, causing some question about the necessity of the marriages. The Social Security Administration stood firm in its ruling, however. L a.- mains an unannounced belliger ent. They added that if Goldwater is writing off the industrial North as Rockefeller charged, the New York governor is giving up on Re publican chances to collect electoral votes in the South. Rockefeller's blast is regarded in Washington as the opening gun of a vigorous comeback campaign for the nomination. He was considered by many observers the leading contender until his recent marriage to a divorced mother of four children. Champion for Liberals In the period between his reelection as governor last year and his remarriage, Rockefeller tried with some success to warm up the conservatives to his cause by making what many of his listeners called "good Republican speeches" in the Midwest. But the New York governor's attack on what he said were extremist views in the party indicated he has decided his best chance for the nomination is to champion the liberal viewpoint and sharpen his division with the conservatives. Lao Communists Open Fire on Neutralists VIENTIANE, Laos (UPI) — Communist Pathet Lao troops, supported by artillery and ma- chinegun fire, were reported today to have launched an attack on neutralist forces entrenched southeast of the Plain of Jars airstrip. Neutralist military sources here said the Communists fired 70 rounds of shells Sunday night at neutralist positions about two miles southeast of the airstrip. There were no immediate reports of casualties. Opposes Waiver WASHINGTON (APi-Sen, Hugh Scott, R-Pa., urged President Ken* nedy today to rescind a Defence Department waiver of the Buy American Act for Canadian suppliers. Under that law, a contract cannot be awarded U> # foreign firm unless its bid If mart tfaJMt 9 per cent below an American power to waive tec&oa <4 to* i»t under §omg yirnifnth'iM'frft

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