The Kansas City Times from Kansas City, Missouri on August 7, 1892 · 11
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The Kansas City Times from Kansas City, Missouri · 11

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Sunday, August 7, 1892
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L; a THE KANSAS CITY TIMES. SUNDAY, AUGUST I, 1892-TWENTY PAGES 11 0 1 0 1, lb ( , . -N,Ik,. al ) -5 , II :1 ,.1 I,i 1,,,-,. I 1 . 1 ! 1 i .. ". ,. fr i . 1 1 0 1 f '. ( 1 ; 1 I; ) 1 ( oft 11 1 i Oilbt ' 0 , 1 - , , 1 41 '!,! ' .,' d ill ) .,, 111 ''-i ' -'1 lq t , ' f ', , 1 , , 1 1 r.--- 1, I -- - 1 it V ' iF 7, )1:, ) .1c, t , PUNISHMENT FOR SOLDIERS TORTURE TO WH:CH THEY WE'RE ONCE SUBMITTED THE WORLD OVER. The Cat-0'-Nine-Tatle anti the Triangles Running the GauntltThe Chain and "tali in the Fri rich ArmySome Naval seatmmeem Reeihnullog Abolition of reggieg tu the United States Navy. It Is to be presumed that a certain event Which recently attracted attention at Ilomestead. Pa., has awakened a general desire 4 for information concerning military punish- - ments. When Colonel Streator ordered Private laniS to be hung up by the thumbs as 01P a punishment for a verbal indiscretion he returned to a picturesque old method which .. TA ; has fallen into disuse among civilized nit- ' 46. tions for many years. Inquiry seems to show that the punishinent revived by Colonel Streator as one in favor rather among naval than land forces. On shipboard there are many conveniences, Including pulleys, for susptmding a man, and the operation elves an nnnOrinnity to tions for many years. Inquiry seems to show that the vunishinent revived by Colonel Streator as one in favor rather among naval than land forces. On shipboard there are many conveniences, Including pulleys, for susptmding a man, and the operation gives an opportunity to display seamanlike Ingenuity in the use of roves. A favorite way of inducing sobriety In the old navies of th's country and England was to tie up a seaman by tht3 hands so that the tips of his toes barely touched the deck. But of the ways of the old fashioned maval officer more shall be said anon. A fact that Impresses itself on the student ot the history of torture or corporal punishment In military bodies is tbat It has always given rise to a great deal of dissatisfaction. In the Roman armies decimation and other extreme methods of punishment were often i..MM,,md THE PENNSYLVANIA practiced, but violent flogging was also common. Men were oceasionally beaten to death, and this result led in many cases to mutinies and public disorders. The favorite remedy for mutiny was decimation, or the killing of one in ten. Since that early time military officers have naturally resorted snore or less to violence as a means of maintaining order among men accustomed to violence. As early as the end of last century, however, there was some outcry In the English parliament against corporal punishment in the army, but the wars of the beginning of this century caused military men to have things their own way. Corporal punishment in the form of violence has disappeared in European armies as they have became nations in arms. This account of torture or corporal punishment must therefore deal with more or less ancient history. The offenses for which the cat could be administered were mutiny. insubordination and violence, or usiug or offering to use violence toward superior officers, drunkenness on duty, sale of or making away with anus, ammunition, accoutrements or nt cessaries; stealing from comrades, immoral or other disgraceful conduct. It would be bard to find a case of misconduct whch could not Pe brought under one of these heads. From 1821 to 13 one man out of every two tried by court martial was flogged. About 18,000 men each year were tried. The instrument in use, called the cat o' nine tails, was a weapon consisting of a wooden handle, about eivhteen Inches in length, armed with nine thongs of the same leng 11, each thong bearing five or six knots, compressed and hardened into sharp edges till each had acquired the consistency of horn. Its designing is credited to King FLOGGING IN THE LOMAN ARMIES. William III, before whose time the weapon In use had only three thongs. The condemned usually. as is the case in the accompanying 11:ustration, was lied to the triangles, a device consisting of three tent roles twined together at the top. The cat was laid on under the direction of the commanding officer in the presence of the wi;ole regiment. It was custom4ry foe a drummer to beat time for the executioner. One stroke in two E econds was the ustril rate. A hero named Somerville, whose writings were freely quoted by the advocates of humanity in parliament, has left a touching description of his sufferings under the 0,0 Ile was a private in the Scots greys, and was condemned In 1832 to receive Oil lashes for "highly unsoldierlise conduct in dismounting without leave when taking his lessons in the riding school, and absoluteiy refusing to remount his horse when ordered to do so." The sentence was carried out in the riding school, where the regiment was formed around the walls. Somerville says each of the cat's nine tails was three time the thickness of ordinary whipcord, with six hard knots in it A panful ot water to wash his back and a basin of water to drink were handy. lie was brought into the square formed by the regiment and ordered to strip to the waist. Then he was lashed so firmly to a ladder that he could not stir, and this wits placed against the wall. The sergeant major stood ready with pencil and note book to count the strokes. he colonel told the farrier, one Simpson, to do his duty. "Simpson," writes the sufferer, "took the cat as ordered; at least, I believe so. I did not see hire, but I felt an astounding sensation between the shoulders under my neck which went to my toe nails in one direction, my lieger nails in anotheand stung me to the heart as if a knife had gone through my totly. The sergeant major called in a loud fence 'one, and I felt as 11 it would be kind , , , Vit 47 1 ''. 1 N,,- ,(-()( l'' ',-7--,1- t t kv-'----'----- - -4--,-- i ,..... ---;,,,:7,,.., , filir it" , '' -::---- ar4 N:t- , '- : ,,.. , :As 4001.. ' ;;; ,. -,z7, - i c) 1-:-.4 :41.... -,,,::-. - ,.,z.. ....4...4,-... --, ''.74jEktk--3T--t:- -...-..:, ''..,..W,---..4- k------- . ---- .. ---,r-., ."..' .. I f , et-ft -,ky;J: ,,, , , ., ,,t,ym, ., 4,4. 1 , ;74' -. '' ( 7 -..ri ,,,w, 1 kv5 .,., ,i4, r; , , i 4,., f ' N.,,,,s, 1 t 7 , r;Qtimi----- s- , ;Al ' V,;4i . , - , 7.. 1,, t I 1 ', 1 ' L ) I (t""il ).1 V ' ' ' ' q 1 Iti'v - II I k , . 41-IS ,, ..e , ,, c .(,,.E, ,. al P i ur ,,-.,---,A ) 11111 i )1 -- 7 ..-1(, , '4 - ill), - r 11 'A' '-.6-,--r-g,!4;' (111111 1J-iellitli'N1111 11 ,p17711 -- :;111It' ,'''' 11U i '1 ' I A 1(k,r, Al 111 ) - sftC1"' ) le - - .- - ..,...-1--,,, 1 1---------------;-- .- - :- , .,..,......7- -:--- e of Simpson no$ to strike me on the same place again. Ile came on a second tim, a few inches lower, and then I tLought the farmer stroke was sweet and agreeable corn- pared with that one. The sergeant major counted 'two.' The cat was antics twice round tbe larrier'e head again, and he came on tomewhere about the right shoulder blade, and the loud voice of the reckoner said 'three.' The shoulder blade was me sensitive as any other part of the body, and when he came again on the le3 shoulder, and the voice cried 'lour,' I felt my flesh quiver in every nerve from the scalp of my head to my toe nails." So he goes on to describe the whole number laid on which was 100 instead ot 200 as ordered. Fresh men were called in to relieve the farrier, and one was a stalwart young trumpeter, who had been practicing with the lash for some days on a stable post. They traveled over the same raw places time and again. When Somerville was unbound he was taken to a hospital, and there be remained for many days so stiff that he could not move. Life in the British navy in the good old days was diversified by flogging and fighting, hanging and preaching. Then every man of the ship flogged his subordinate. The boatswain's mate who received a rope's ending from the boatswain passed it on to an able seaman who did as much for an ordinary seaman, who beat a I owder monkey, who licked a younger powder monkey. A practice in the British navy was to make a man sit On the crosstrees in cold or stormy weather till he vi-as frozen stiff or shaken olf into the sea. A naval officer, in his remniecences, tells of a case of this kind. T n he man o the lookout in the bowsprit oi a ship off the coast of Norway was almost blinded by a worm of sleet and hail driving In his face. lie was unable to see as well as the officer on deck, whose eyes were protected arid aided by a glass. As a punishment for not sighting the land before the officer be was ordered to sit fur four hours on the crossirees. lie had to be lowered by specially constructed tackle and died from exposure. This crosstree practice Is at present not unfamiliar to the merchant service. Keel hauling was not a common thing MILITIA METIIOD. even in the old time& it consisted in dropping a man by a line over one side of the ship and hauling him up on the other after he bad passed under the keel. Bather more uncertainty attached to it than to walking the plank, a proceeding enforced by pirates on undesired prisoner. Flogging was abolished in ae United States navy in ISA Commander .31cCa1la of the Enterprise. A ho was lately court martialed In Brooklyn, used the flat of his sword on bat:ors who incurred his aispleaeure. There are still livng Anne lean naval efficers who are inhumane enough to regret the abolition of flogaing. The French were the first to abolish the use of the lash in the army. In the Prussian army, before the abolition of corporal punishment, men were exempt from it es long as they remained in the first class. For nesconeuct they were liable to be dearaded to the second class, after which they intent be punished summarily by their officers. Flogging was done with small canes by noncummissioned officers in the guard room. Flogeing and running the gauntlet wore common punishments in the armies of Austria and Russia in the early part of this century. 'The second was one of the most ter. rile forms ot military torture, and was very liable to cause death. It was one, however, whieh Col3nel Streator would have found difficult to carry out, as it requires the hearty co-coperation of a large part of a regiment. The usual Fmit was six times up and down between 100 men. It was necessary that the culprit should be first broken by a court martial and teen condemned to the running operation. The regiment assembled in full force and the culprit, stripped to the waist and his head half shaved, was brought out by the executioner, a noncommissioned officer, who tied the unfortunate's two hands firmly tG the muzzle of his musket. which had the bayonet fixed. An assistant marched before the sufferer, holding the butt of the gun so that the bayonet was pointed at the latter's stomach. Two others held his erme so that he should not fall backwards or sideways. Often the prisoner in his agony sprang forward and impaled himself on the bayonet after the punishment had commenced. A roll of the drum gave the sienal for the operation to begin. The victim was brought to the entrance of the long lane through which he was to travel, consisting of two rows of fifty soldiers, each armed with a pliant hazel or ash switch. Between them he was made to walk slowly. Each gave him a heavy stroke with the switch as he passed. If lie quickened his pace the bayonet pierced his stomach; if he shrank back or tried to fall the assistants pushed him forward or held him up. A man was selaom able to pass from end to end twice without fainting. In case he became insensible he was removed to the hospitat, kept there till he was sufficiently recovered and then brought back to the torture again. The code of the United States army has never permitted flogging in times of peace. Wool Tariffs and Wool Frices. Illtdadelphia Record. The average prices of wool in the United States have always teen higher when tariff duties were low than when tariff duties were high. This is a fact which protectionist journals can not explain satisfactorily, and they, therefore, generally Avoid mentioning it. But they do not intermit their efforts to make the wool growers believe that,however it may have been in the past, for the future nothing will prevent the ruin of the domestic wool industry but persistent high duties upon imported wools. "The removal of the duty," says one of the protective organs, "would reduce the price here to 20 cents." The price of unwashed wool, according to this same organ, was 28 cents per pound last year and is 30 cents this year. The last report of the United States consul general at Melbourne, Australia, shows that a superior grade of merino wool, in the grease, is telling in that mnrket nt 25 and 30 cents a ptund. That is a bettet I rice for wool in Austi anti than 28 to 30 of tits 1"r pound would be in the tjeiteo Statee. But as there is a presidential ciction approachiog -J is deemed necessary to try one.: more to :Joi the farmer into the bylief that the betkinant tariff is his stly and shield, wher, in Lac:, It is the neatest centrivance for robbing him (with perhaps a single exception) that was ever devised by the wit 01 luau, NAME YOUR FAVORITE DRINK SUMMER BEVERAGES SERVED AT TEE SODA FOUNTAINS OF TODAY. The Names of Many of tho Decoctions Are Suggestive of Um Intox!cating, but the 31laer Denies the Use of A!cohol In the Art Remarkable 'zeros. of Soda Water In a New Ds p srture In the WestThe List of Fsney Drinks iTith Still Yanoler Names. There are few industries which of recent years have assumed greater proportions than the manufacture and dispensing of carbonated waters. The reason is very plain. The dispenser of cooling, refreshing Leverage has left no means untried to discover some new and delicious drink to tempt the thirsty. The attractive soda apparatus with its brightly polished silver, shilling glasses, and neatly appearing attendants, are not by any means all that is required, in order to successfully carry on a remunerative soda business, but the most important is that of employing a soda clerk who thoroughly understands his business. The art of manufacturing and dispensing soda water beverages has at present reached a point which requires education and skill. rho public are fast being taught to kiiow - "D'YE 'KEEP SODA WATER HERE?" and appreciate a good drink when properly mixed by a trained expert. A young man from Chicago, who came to Kansas City for the purpose of starting a large Walnut street fountain, said to T1 is; TIMES reporter yesterday: "'there are fashions in drink as well as in raiment, architectural, hostelry and sports. and this season furnishes an unusually long list. The most frequented establishments generally have menu of artistic design, either on the counter or framed and hung in a conspicuous place, where a customer may select his cltoice of drink. There is no business in which a merchant can engage which yields so large a return on the investment as the dispensing of soda water. The soda Lusiness in some cities has attained such large proportions as to equal the finest equipped saloon business. You ask, how is that ? And the explanation is simple. "Nearly two-thirds of soda drinks sold average 10 cents each in cost. Yeti see there are as many and more popular fancy drinks oi ti at a fountain than at a saloon bar during tie hot weather, for ns it rule more beer is sold than any other dratk. Another thing in favor of soda water is the fact that it does not have the drawback of being an intoxicant. Ladies are chiefly the patrons of tie soda fountain, hence the boverages in which they delight deserve attention and find mention. At first class places the pure unit jtuee avrups are used exclusively, for in order to draw trade and to maintain it, it is necessary to use pure materials. It noes not cost any more to use pure fruit juice in making syrups than It does acid, and I ant sure the former is a great deal more preferable. "There is only one other expert besides myself in the city and he is at present em',doyen by a large dry goods firm to dispense soda water at their fountain. Ile and I were employed by a firm in Chicago where our sales for the day averaged front iiz.,30 to t 250. Over half of the drinks sold were , L.,----- THROWING" A FANCY DRINK. fancy shake drinks, such as an egg phosphate, sherry ilippe, bleu du rot and Parisian sherbet. These drinks brought from 10 to 25 cents each. lee ercatn soda 10 cents, plain soda 8 cents. I have never heard of ice cream soda selling for 5 cents until I came here and I claim that a good, pure and wholesome glass of ice cream soda can not be put up tor 5 cents. I have Known people to walk a couple of blocks and pass several other soda fountains in order to get a good, wholesome and palatable drink. "The beverage should be as near perfection as good material, care and skill can make it, and it should be dispensed with a liberal hand. There is as much d flerence in the soda water drawn by different clerks as there is in victual a cooked by different Women. "The manipulation of drinks when tossed properly is very attractive. While working for a well known confectioner in New York I had charge of live other soda clerks and (lid nothing but shaking and tossing, fancy drinks. Some times there would gather such a crowd in front of the es:ablishment, attracted by the novel sight of tossing a fancy drink, that it would be necessary for a policeman to make them move on in order to let people pass on the sidewalk. I throw my drinks such as egg flips through the nir a distance from two to six feet, as it aerates them and makes them light for the stomach as well as palatable. In the summer egg drinks are most nourishing. Today fancy drinks are all the rage at soda fountains and require a great (leal of expertness." The young man's attention was called to a clerk who had got badly mixed up in preparing a lemon Vichy. The expert from Chicag(p set the green hand at rights, and after setting out a remarkable lookiug (intik that made the reporter Yonder what sort of snakes it would produce, he went on: "Our attlaries are higher than those of bartenders, ranging from $15 to S30 a week. The highest salary I got here so far averaged $80 a month. I have an offer of to.25 per week for my services here during the Knights of Pythiaa conclave by a Main street firm, but think I can beat that in business for myself. Now, to give you an Idea of the vast number of fancy drinks that there are, I will mention a few. lu noggs there are sherry eggnog, claret egguogg, coffee eggnogg and catawba egg-nogg. The egg concoctions most popular are egg lemonade, egg chocolate, egg lactate, egg phosphate, egg and Vichy. An egg sour is made of lime juice, egg, sugar and a dash of rum. This is given a thorough shaking, strained into a glass cooled by cracked or shaved ice, and served in claret like a whisky float. This one drink is claimed to be invented by several different soda dispensers; but, in fact, I think it originally a drink stolen from the mixers of King Alcohol. "Seine of the most delicious of drinks are the 'Siberian Flippe,"Royale Cahinette,' 'Parisian Sherbette,"Coing's Cream a in Flippe,"Milk and honey,' 'Club Soda,' 'Araycosi,"Charlotte Itusse,"Ctierry Bounce,' 'Mountain Dewdrop.' and many others too numerous to mention. A great bracer in the morning for one who is troubled with a large head after a night off is the 'Egg Phosphate.' 'Vichy and Egg' or 'Royal Cab.- 'tette.' Whey are great to settle the stomach I (1:Al, 40 17'N . . Vcc-- 2 ,-------------------;"--1P311 , 1 d & ------- 4A------- and a good hearty breakfast can be taken on them. "A great many of the drug stores of Kansas City do not draw a Dhosphate drink properly. They should be drawn still. What is meant by 'still' is that, first of all, after a few drachms of phosphate have been put into the glass, draw the soda, using the large stream only, and last the syrup, be- cause nearly all syrup is heavy and runs through the carbonated water. All it needs then is a little stirring with a spoon, then it does not foam over, as a :phosphate of any kind should never loam, a great stake made by many. "For the better satisfaction of those that patronize the soda fountain 1 will give the formulas of a few of the fancy drinks I have mentioned: The Siberian tlip is often called for and is composed of shaved ice, orange syrup, acid phosphate, pineapple syrup, Angostura bitters. Shake well, strain. toss and serve after the addition of soda water, trim with a slice of orange or pineapple and drink with straws. "The egg phosphate Is as follows: Shaved lee, egg, acid phosphate, orange syrup, lemon syrup. Shake, strain, toss and serve after addition of soda water. 'Royale Cabinette when properly made Is as follows: Egg, carbonated water, catawba situp, orange sirup, tamarind spray and merweister. Shake. "It sometimes exhausts the patience of the most patient to ruu a feuntain. For instance, a woman came into the store one dayr and after standing off at a distance for sometime watching people order, drink and depart, she stepped up to me and the conversation was as follows: " Do you keep soda waterthere? " I. ma'am.' " ''llow do you sell it ?' " "'From 5 to 15 cents.'" "Vell, what have you got to drink ?' " " 'Here is one of our cards. On it you will fled all the drinks served at our fountain.' " "She took the card looked it over, from top to bottom and then advanced to the counter and said: ''Well, 1 guess I'll take vanilla. After drawing the sirup preparatory to serving her, she changed her mind and said: "I believe will takehave you got moxie?'" " 'Yes ma'am.'" " 'Well I gucs y-ou can give me moxie.'" "I am not a profane person, but like 'The Stranger' in one of Mr. Iloyt's satires, a swearing room connected vt it h the fountain, would have been a great boon at that time. This is only one of the many yeople a soda dispenser has to contend witn. as cranks and people of an eccentric turn of mind are not All dead yet. "Crushed fruits in season are a late addition to the soda business and are very de.1- emus served in ice cream soda. They consist of peach, pineapple, apricot, strawberry. raspberry and seedless grapes. These fruits are very delicious when served In the shape of a glace. "The phosphates are lemon, orange. grape, Peach. raspberry. strawberry, pineapple and wild cheriy. The wild cherry seems to be the most popular on the account of a patent article called 'wild cherry phosphate' which has an extensive sale throughout the west." DIDN'T SMASH THE RECORD. But Ike Tonto We MAlet o Ve ty Good Try and Is Ven y Ftsat r.p. New York World.1 Steamship people looked expectantly to the White Star liner Teutonic to lower tha record for trausatlantia stetniers between Queenstown and this port. She had passed Daunt's Rock lightship at 2:10 p. in. Thursday, and hen it was reported at 1 o'clock yesterday morning that a steamer whose owl Ines were barely visib!e t1rough the fog had passed Sandy licok lightship coming in, a thrill of excitement ran through those ho were watching for the Teutonic's amval. When it became known three or four hours inter that the great ship had not irrived at the Sandy nook lightship until 3:1-)0 there was disappointment. But it was not the Teutonic's fault that she had not iegained the pennant recently von from her by the City of Paris, for she had made a most heroic t iron to do so in the face of adverse conditions. She succeeded, however. in making one new record, having traversed 528 knots in one day, eight knots better than the best 1 revions day's run, 520 knots, made by the City of Paris on Ler record breaking trip last week. The official recold ot tbe Teutonic shows that she loggtd 2,775 knots in 5 days, 18 hours and 4,3 minutes, or just 2 hours and 48 minutes behind tho top 'erica record of 5 days, 15 hours and liS minutes von by the City of Paris last week. The day's runs were: Knots. First nay. 477 4qo 'thirt day .. out, Fourth day 481 Fain nay 528 cluy - Total Her average was 19.119 knots per bons which is below her best average of 20.34 knots, made last August. her ;Average fur ti,e twenty-four hems ending at noun on Monday was 21.40 knots, the bu St average for a single day on re curd. If she had maintained this speed throughout the voyage she would have mede the trip in live days, six hi.urs and eight minutes. When the Teutonic left Queenstown she had on board 1,772 souls. 'i he weather was tine and a light westerly breeze was blowing. On Friday and Saturday morning strong southwest winds and ruugh seas were encGuntered, and on Saturday atternoon and night the sea was so rough as to cause the vessel to pitch heavily. On Monday at 1:13 a. m. the ship ran into a navy log off the banks of Newfouticilsild, and the engines were stopped untii 4:21 a. flu. After that CaDtain Irving Nshooped things up and was almost confident of beating the record of the City of Paris until Si o'clock Tuesday night, when the connecting rod of the port engine broke. The vessel was slowed down and finslly reached the bar and afterward her pia with ouly her starboard engine working. lithe Teutonic and Majestic are sister ships and among the iluest models of marine architecture. The vessels were built by Berland ASS Wolff at Bellast. Ireland, in 18s9. T1e net tonnage of the Teutonic is 9,861. bhe is 582 ieet lone, 57; leet in breadth and 39 teet 4 inches deep. lier indicated horse power is 2,410 and the regaitered 16,000. The Teutonic is constructed of Siemens-Martin steel. 1 ler propelling power consists of two sets of triple expansion engines. The sets of machinery are indepesdent and drive twin propellors, the blades of which are of manganese bronze. Bulkheads subdivide both ships and each is constructed with a longitudinal bu knead running lore and aft. Additional rigidity is thus furnished to the structure and more seeurity in case of collision. The record making and breaking fever, which seems to have broken Out with increased vigor this season, was started with the feat of the City of New York, which arrived at this port from the other side on October 18, 188S, having made ti,e remarkable record of 6 days 15 hours and 27 minutes. Then came the Lmisria's record of 6 day s 4 hours and 37 minutes on the western trip and 6 days 2 hours and 2 ' minutes going east. This latter record was reduced by time Etruria in November, 1888, by twelve minutes. She wore the crown as queen of ocean sprinters until August 13, 18t0, when it was wrested from her bY the City of Psris, which made the eastern trip in 5 days 23 hours and b8 minutes, anti the western trip in 5 days 19 hours and 18 minutes. The Teutonie claimed to have subsequently beaten this record by a few minutes, but the claim was disputed. The big Malestic, however, soon aettiod all disputes by masking the trio in 5 days, 18 bouts and 8 minutes. The Teutonic then made up her mind to make good her right to the disputed claim, and, accordingly.on one of her western trips, she soon beat Iler sister ship, the Majestic, Dy 1 hour and 37 minutes. By this time maritime Deeple who had been watching these remarkable performances with great interest came to the conclusion that this last record was practicably the 1 mit of speed that could be reached by vessels of the present style of construction. and that if the time Was to be further reduced a revolution in the manner of building vessels must be brought about. This thsory did not hold good, for last week the City of raris not only reduced the Teutonic's great record by thirty minutes, but also beat her greatest single day's run of 517 knots by steaming 51i0 knots on July 24 and 520 knots on July 26. More than that, sne lugged over 500 knots per day for four consecutive days, a feat never before performed by any steamer, THE NEWS AT LEAVENWORTH. ALL 'I ERMINAL COMPANY DIFFERENCES BID FAIR TO BE ADJUSTED. One Signature Is All That Is Now Needva The Staple Leaf los G VJ Better Batas to Leavenworth County Slack Shippers Oth,r News of Ole CityWhat Is Gong on in the ArmyNcws Notes and kerGnat Mention. It Can be announced with a degree of certainty that the differences existing between the Terminal comrany and the Colony Trust company and Mr. Tut lock an practically settled uow and all that is necessary is the signature of A. J. Tul lock of the Missouri Valley Bridge works to the supplemental contract prepared by the Colony Trust company and which Mr. Tui lock agreed to sign. Mr. Tul lock returned home late last eveuing and will probably attach his "John Hancock" tomorrow morning. At the Chicago conference, the last on held, a compromise in the matter of the sinking fund Wal effected by when the amount was made $7,500 instead of g10,800. The hrst named sum also includes the 14.8J0 required to be set aside as a reserve fund by the railroad company. It will be remembered that the large amount demanded by the ',trust company was one of the rocks upon which the intr.ies slid Put cue compromise as slated above is one erttrely satisfactory. The second point conceded by Cie trust company Is one relating to a ceriala summit of tile proceeds of the sales of bonds to be peal the Tenn-Mal company as they purchased awl constructea the properly. This was one of the provisious of tee contract about which so much had been gala and of which so much was made. The mortgage, however, as drawn up by the Boston people, tiro-Wed 'net the money be held back except as to the br.cize proper nntil the bridge has been cornpleted. This was a very important prJvision to which the Terminal company would not consent. It virtually nett the company'e hands as the introveptilelit of ternintal facilities would have been impossible until after the bridge's completion. A thorough discussion of this titles-lion convinced the 11.)stoa Trust company that its position wits not tenable sod t graceludy yielded to this polut These all important differences having been settled the third elle last point involved is one relating to the time when the bridge hall be totnpleted. It was Om agreed betwsen Messre. ludock sand Snyder that: the date tor coins pletiou should be fixed at Juno I. 1893, but no signature was ever attached to such at4reement. Tile very great length of Line the river has ben HI a high water stage wculd have made won it at an earlier day than now impossible. TI,ere are the best of reasons for attatting that another date perhaps Atii,ust 1 may be fixed. at least at compremise is expected and whoa this is done and the signatures of both Snyder and Tullock are attached to the supplemental contract which will be tomorrow at the !attires& the people wid have cause to rejoice. TO it Enuct; RATES. Ihe Maple Leaf ieropus s to Help Leavenworth Conn:, 'a Week Brie !erg. The difficulty the Leavenworth county's Live Stock Breeders' association has met in getting a reduced rate of fare on railroads for its first trotting meeting on the 24th, 25111 and 26th of the present month will be practically overcome as the Maple I.Ntl has signified its intention to come to the association's relief by giving a rate of ono fare and one-third for the round trip. Assistant General PASSenger Agent C. A. Canns wils in the cliy Finlay night and stalest to THE TIM it.s correspondent that he didn't care what the passenger associatioas his road will do what it eau to help Leavenwortife first Meeting. It is ti:o:.e than likely that the beginning made by the Mandy Leaf wilt be foliovved by other I ands. The association has offered $4,000 In purses and the Meeting win C0111004 01 trottiny, litelnit and paciag Donsth Mit le It The death of Miss Millie Bich occurred Friday evening at 9 o'lock at the home of her mother on l'awtp..e street between Seventh and Broadway. Site was 27 ye,trs of age. Consumption Whtf tile Catir3 of death. Tile funeral w1,1 take place Ulna afternoon at, 2 o'clock from the res.tience., It as Itatz. The Topeka base bell team wil open a series of three games with the local club at the park this afternoon. The Topeka club has been stiengthened since Its last appearance here and a goon game i8 expee:ed. The following will be the positions for today's game: Leaven W ort li. Position. Topeka. Jamison Pitcher tacky Greyer .Catcher NteMalion Fast base Wier Heady ......tsecond base Perry base-- ......... Fears ......... Sho!A stop C;vo.ey Derrick I eft Ile d ....... --Congdon A IldersOn ............ cett er flit1 Driscoll Ryle ........... ....... Light held JohLsoa New litarkot's kt.ovvoutThe people of New Market. in Platte county ai.d on the NI ante Leaf. will give a picnic next Saturday. he !staple Leaf will run a t,pecial train On Saiurdtiy. Steect.es will be made by ni eminent Missourians aim there will be plenty Co eat tor everybody. Here is a enance kor the business men tu get acquainted with 501110 new tea ritory. The Home Concert. The following programme will be rendered by the Mune band at their concert this evening., beginning at 7 n'clock: Match. "Bli,liaa." (Ascher.) Overture, "lit ouzo nurse." (Au her.) Ilarytone aoio, "Air Untt Viciations,"(Iloilinsen) Mr. it. (ampuoil. VaIi; "Go.den Shower," )1Viddleufel.) Grano selection, "Pinafore." (sullivan.) itilalop, "Cyclist's," (Spring.) Ent,11. L.4stne. J. W. Braden is in St. (211hrleS P. Eltiott of St. Joseph was in the city yesterday. IL L. Itodenburg leftyesterday morning for Denver. Herman Fischer. aged 25, and Amelia Fritz, aged 21. have been issued a marriage license. In the boLce court yesterday morning Jo Germatt was fined t25 for selliog goods obtained under false preteuses. Jacob liaiser has awarded the contract to Cake and reek to erect a "4,000 residence at the corner of Osaka and Broadway. Sherman DACUS WhS brought in from Toronto. Woodson coulity, and lodged iii tne county jail to await trial on the charke of selling liquor without a government license. N( an Ashy was taken to Tongrinnzie yesterday for preliminary examination on toe charge of criminally assaul!ing a young lady near there Isbotit ten days ago. Charles II. Sargeant yesterday filed a petition in tile district court asking tor a divorce Loin Iti.rrh I J. Fargeant. lie chares that site deserted him two years ago without cause and Las thine remaintO away It om h.m. FORT LEAVEN WORTH. IP Senators 11!silke Pettigrew's Hein lotion and Say o in Strong Wore& Senator Pettigrew's resolution calling for the name of all (Mixers court martialed since 18S) svas referrect to the committee ou nulitary affairs where, if the debate In which several senators took part it any indication, it will likely remain until the end of the Fifty-second congress. beuator liawley said he didn't, cat e a great deal about it one wilf or the other, but he tied been studying tne matter, anti thieking what reason on earth there can be for tucking a new list ot emu who have been ussgraced. 1 tie reso.ution refers only to cosss where true trial has gone to an unfavorable concusion, and la every one of the oases where an officer is cashiered it has been matte known ry a general order publistiett by the army, and In preban.y ninety-nine eases out of Itie by a newspaper writer who lias traveled the country over. 't here Is no occasion to dig up those unsavory memories in regard to Lee artily or parade the misfertunes or crimes of these men, except once in awhile SN heu there is a petition here tor remedy against what some officer insists. anti soineunies persists In lusisting to ill5 tlysnir day was a gross virong. In otner cases we are willing to let time shames die. The senator did not care about rub Ishing a litt of the nien who Pave beets false to their trust and their honor as officers of the as iny merely as it matter of curlosit!,, for he ovum perceive no other motive. None of these things have been concealea. tvery one has been published to hue world. I he army is as honorable a body of men as ever served any country anywhere our own or any other. Take them as a whole and there are not as many bath men among them as there were among the sl.sciplesone-tweilth, or over S per cent. More of Litein stayed true to their flag at LI bteakitur out of the sevellion than any other ca-s of public sertAnts in proportion, tiotwithstanding the education some of them had front childlioid in the doctrines of secession and the La t taught doctrines of secession St West Feint. :senator Sanders was otposed to the Passage of the resolution Demme the information had at-ready been made public. Senator Iroctor bad no desire to shield officers of 11:e army. Ile Is sure Viey uVh bear in vest!gadon as well as ally class ot public officials. But if teem is to be a report of this kind be subeilis it should be broader and include also ali OfficerS of the navy. officers of the interior department and Indian agents who have bssea short in their accounts. a zenator Call of norida said; "The objactioa to a EIGHTH SEMI-ANNUAL STATEMENT -OP Missouri, Kansas ()1 c a' X', 31 t JULY 26, 1892. ASSETS. K. C. Suburban Belt R. IL Bonds at market value (listed)... $ 424,563 913, K. C. and Indeoendence Air Line Bonds at market value (listed) 28,350 00 Southwestern Electric Light and Water Power Co. Bonds at market value. 160,398 OCv Other Bonds at market value 80,000 00. Stocks at market value 143,351 00 Bills Receivable on approved collateral security 368,948 99 Mortgage Loans upon Improved city real estate. 742,808 2:3- Improved Real Estive owned in fee by the Company 39,957 30 Due from Banks, Bankers and Agents, on demand 213,115 70 Due from Corporations (secured), Tax Certificates, etc 24.138 08 Furniture and fixtures ... 9,994 54 Fidelity Premiums in course of collection (net) 8,381 95 Interest due and accrued on Loans and Bonds 9.S62 50 Total Assets r2.254,000 35 LIABILITIES. Capital, full paid $1,000,000 00 Surplus i'4100,000 00 Undivided Profits 122,811 42 222,841 42. Reserve Fund for 1L!-Insurance. Surety Department 27,596 58 Deposits and Funds hold in Trust 187,040 98 Due L'orrowers on Completed Loans 7,260 81 Debentures secured by First Mortgage Real Estate Loans 393,525 57 Debentures secured by Corporation Bonds, etc 415,735 00 --- Total Liabilities $2,254,000 S5 NOTESemi-annual Dividend No. 8, or 3 per cent, amounting to .!30,000.00, has been declared payable August 10, 1892, out of above undivided profits. The earnings during the past six months were over ,t,67,000, in addition to the atvidend. .. tio c:1;11t1L-4,. A. E. Stilvi ell, President. A. A. Mosher, E. L. Martin, C. A. Dean, Wm. S. Taylor, Vice Presidents. R. B. Cone, secretary. Trimble & Britiey, Geheral Counsel. Wm. S. Taylor, Treasurer.- G. L Farrell. Ass. secretary. F. B. Wilcox, Asst. l'reasurer. the resolution is that every one of these offi cars has relatives, and that it wou'd be a mort;fication and a burnillation to thorn wifterut the passibliity of doing any good. It 'Meet subaerve the pur,oses of statistical science, perhaps. or economic serene i olna re, ec;s, to Iiavt the name ot every matt who had been hung in the Untied States for the last ten years. but It certa,nly would be vPry humiliating end mortifying to the famillea and relatives of these twES0118 1.0 pnrit(te them before the public in a convenient hand b "What service It can be to any eause to publish the nurnincr and Offenses of Lite officers who have Lean court niartialed, or the reasou why they have been court manialed. Is ery difficult to C. If there have been a great nunther It wi,1 prove the efficiency of the diseipane of the army. If there have beea but few IL will prove that the great innionty nt the officers ot the army are exempt front even a charge of scronglol,ig. Si I can not sea the passibility o good and the informatiou may subject some deserving people to mortification." t'eaater Bates: "This resolution is a mere invitation in very many instances to wash dirty linen in tile presence of the nation. Ibe histurY of these trails has traeu publ,slied and belongs to he country. Wnere i the necessity of reviving aii this unpleasantness and Imav1tI it. again printed ,nd spread before the uatiou? 1 see no reason for It." lienator Mandersen: "If the purpo,e of this inquiry is to ascertain as to any particu'ar offense of any particular officer or any set of officers It can readily be reac. el; but I really can see nothing to be valued by the publication of the nettles of these (tracers. If it is in the interest, of some ri f m In ily not reform in other dues, as suggested by the senator from Vermont (A.r. ri oetot)? Wily not Include tne officers ot the navy . WLO have been occastourtily court martialed, 1 regret to sa)? "I can not for the life e; me see what may be the purpose of this Watery; I see no good to bo derived from it; Rua it it a undertaken IL seems to toe it would be a waste of the time of the executive olli:ers and prol,ably a WASte of the moaey 01 the pubirc in pi Lai! g what may Le received." "UGH Ts oF toRopEWIT. None on the Retort, tt on liter, the Right to the Ottrternhp of IllnlItUnze. Colonel Townsend has causel the following order to be issued: ''It having b2eu brought to the notice of the post commander that certain enlisted men of the garrison clan to own and have a right of property in var;ous sinail buildings within the limits of the post, they are hereby notifle,1 that no such tiatin is aLoweit by the government. "No person whatever has any right of property on tile military reset vation except as speclically given by law, nor will anyone be permitted to sell or trade to Ulli other ver.on any buthlinit in which he !nay nave or thinks he may itavo a pecuniary I Ight. Such richt in any event would expire wi! It the term of occupancy and can not be tran-ferred to auotner. "Tile post quartermaster will see that all such buildings :tre removed from tile reservation when vacated by the present occupant." Leto Aro y Or.tera. 1.,S)Jecia to the Ktinsae City Timc3.1 WAsitING-roN, D. C., Au;, 6.Leaves: Cantain Wilson ',Argus. assistaut surgeon, extended twenty days; Lieutenant Co:onel Richard Jackson. Fourth artillery, two montns; S.ajor Thomas Wi.son. to temporary duty department of the east. Special hoard to examine for promotion to meet at Fort, Iluitchuca. Detail fur board: Major Timothy E. Wilcox, surgeon; Captain Rudolph G. Ebert, naristant surgeon; Captain Richard W. Johnson, assistant surgeon. First L eutellants Eugene Swill. and Nathan (Jarvis ordered examined by said board. First Lieuteuant Elwin Bullock, Seventh cavalry, detaitel professor of military science, 1131- verAity of Wyoinitig. L tramie. EnTsted men discaarged: John 1. Gorinley, treop M. Sixth cavalry. at, Fort McKinney, Wyo.. before August 9. 1892; Lewis It. Snodglass, Tattery 1,, Second artiTery, at Etna Schuyler. N. 1., biter Augus; II, 18J2; Law mice Spencer, band Tenth infantry, at Fort Marcy; Joseph M Thfr,I infantry; Mar.in Anders, troTis C. First eara!ry; Jo. seph (i. 1),Fourth astillery; Orriss H. Pettibosie, troop D. SIXtli cavalry: Criar.es A. Sisolier, troop H. Ilird cavalry; William (i. Cap-Per, Company A and George alike A oasizeis. company ( -third Intantry; George IL Fe.ty. L atery F, Fourth artaaler)! William Gasgaw Lat:ti James A. Mayhew. company tr, Thin ,enth Ilianatry; F.tni iS. Gaidluss, coin. ally II. Ninth ministry; August 1.0410, company D. A weittn infantry; Wifitailit E. O'Neill, battery E, Second arilitety; Skilless' IL liandosph, troop h, Liehill cavalry; 1,o.ais it. Klee, Fitteentu Infarday ; Jes Sorel, b011. troop 1t East cavair) ; Geo ge Hey, company it. Eleventh latantry; Vt ilhIiu lio(fy. taellecai service Otto; Z2Ille J. Ellis and Jolla IL Jamison, mounted service; Davist i.. Wsitsiottl, company F, emit Infausry; liarry James Bauer. compauy II. Eleveutil intantry; Ciareuce J. Dunham. 11t1t batiery A, ri.rolid ar.illery; Fast, battery I). Fourth artillery. Leaves: First Lleutenaut Vt.ilartt L melt en. ginout corps. extended ono Month; Frst. 1. cutest-ant Verret) N,ecornh, Filth artillery. to septetnber I; Major Charles Smart, surgeon, roar merlins; Captain liorace Nettie, ',main Wisp, ry, extended three months: Captain James BA dwn, Eighteeritts intant ev, extended one Itioitta; First Lien. tenant John Johnston, Eighth caval:y, (lt recorder exanstnaLr board ineetteg at Fort Meade, vice First Ltell,ellant JOeatolt tisstoss, Eignitt cavalry, released; Major Asnus ivitishal., cruel ed In report for ditty at headquarters deparaueut of Its turl. lie following transters in the Nineteenth infantry atre matter Captain Alexander 11. M. I aylor !rem company K to company Fr Captaaa Cisristian C. Hewitt from compassy F to company K. The following transfers in the Seventh infantry are made: Second Lieutenant Frederiek II Sargent, trona comPany 11 to compsny I; :secoad Lieuieaket Rouen Alxamler. from company I to conmany li; First I reutenalit iin Sage, Tw enty-this d Infantry, detasted professor of military science at Central university, Kentueiry. Eulisted menJr:test's-is: vvesiey botatimayd. A. Third cavalry. to Ii, Sixth cavalry; Gem go McKnight, F, hecosPi cavalry, to I, Filth caval-Y; Johe Strew, I), Tenth infantry, to liospr.al corps; Jelin llDovvd, hospital corps, to truly est Fort D. A. Russell; Charles hopital curps, to duty at Fort Leavenwoit I; Dago toms, Infantry. to 1. lwenty-tirst Int sntry. Discharged: Privates Mara IL Juilitle. Edwin C. Mattice. Luther D. :ifizener and John J. monlight battery 1, Fourth artillery; Corporal Albert E. Baird. company A, Fotirteent infasstry, at Fort Tow nmentl, miler ty tom, bartery I, Fourth arti.lery; belveant alajor Al fred loins, Second Insasitiy; 1,mail Ewalt, Seventh infantry; James McGuire, I Vie.ttIt infantry; Ed(Nard crippei., II. F.fo oath 'titulary; George ehaver, It, Seventh infautry; Charles Landes. late E. 'third Infantry, cur:need tit Leavenvvorth, sentease to be remitted treteoer fretired: Sergeant John Iloy;e, detaehment of cavalry, West Point, N. Y .; Corporal Taomas F. "Syron, company c battalion of enclueers, Point. N. V.; Sergeant Slisson F. Franklin, band, Ninth cavalry, Camp Bettons, (Vya).; Firet Sergeant Geolge It. Noyeo,light battery F. second artiriery, Fort Rrey, Kau.; Private ',Atte VAnprive, company II, Twesity-nrst, Infaatry, Fort Torte'', N. Y. Atwzn..1. Firgt Sergeaut Conolly, I F1n cava:ry. passel ea excellent examination tor commislary sergeant. Captain Woctlson and Lienienant Y. Mason Blunt Fifth cavalry, arrived from Fort Reno leiday nhtlit to take part in the competition. The Fort Reno competitors for the department competition arrive4 in the pott, yesterday. A correspondent says there le a disinterested reasi.n why an officer of the oronance corns !mould te transferred to the nointant general's departnictit eta that is. In the desire to lin uhh that cOrps with young wen who lieVe had Liao benefits TIIE 86 Texas Trust Co of the latter day training and exnerience with inudern high power ordnance. Isn't this tilts helglit of a IdictrousnessP An officer of the adjutant general's nepartinent has about its nitwit to do with histi power ordnance as it ininister of the gospel would have Au dealing ou. liquor to his coniregation. Miss Margaret Robertson of D.34 Moines, 14., arrived yesierday on an extendel visit to bet sister AD a. ClarK, wile of Lieutenant Clark, Tanta In Alajor Amos S. Kimball, quartermaster, is to report In person to Generat allies for assignment to teinporary (tiny in connection with the Starlit: Columbian exposition. 'I he following transfers In the Nineteenth Inlaniry are made: Captain Alexander H. AL Taylor, irom company K to company F; Captain curistian 0. Hewitt from company le to company K. Captain Tayior will join the coutpany to hich tie is thus transferred. The following transfers In the 8sventh Infantry are made: becond Lieutenant Frederic II. Sargent from company It to comnany I; Second Lieutenant ItODOLA Alexander from company I to company B. The extension of leave of absence on account of disability granied Captain .Jiitiiet Jt. Baldwin, Eigh.evnill infantry, is still further exte.stred two months ou surgeon's certificee. Lieutenant Vahan' IL Sage, Twenty-third In-allay, is detailed as professor of in;litary science and tactics Kt thw Central ULLversily of Kentucky, Richmond, Ky. A general courlinartlal is to meet at Fort Nlichlgan tomorrow. Detail for the court: Captain Ja, oh IL Smith anti Charles A. Vernon. Nineteenth Iniantry; Lieutenants Francs H. French, adjutant, Barris L. Roberts. quartermaster; 'thornLs G. Hanson. 1 rumen O. simpliy, Jasper E. ilrsdy, jr and William T. NVIlder. Nineteenth Infantry, judge advocate. Go and examine Itotbsonlid 6; boa's helmett and one dollar shirts.: Ths Yachts of th) Czar. IFigaro.1 Emperor Alexander's yacht, Pollarnay Z vesda or Polar Star, is the largest pleasure boat that lias,ever been built. We might say that it is a marine palace. It is 300 feet long, draws nineteen feet and is 4,000 tons burden. 'I he crew numbers 300 picked men, commanded by Prince Chalthovskoy. The service is innumerable. An idea of it may be formed by one single Itemau orchestra of fifty musicians, always ready to charm and shorten the lengths of the journeys. But It must be tiaiti that these are singularly abridged by the extraoreinary speed of this splendid vessel. The Polar Star travels ordinarilv at the rate of eighteen knots an, hour. On her trial trip she made nineteen and a half. She made the recent trip front Cronstadt to Copenhagen in thirty-eight hours. The apartments of the czar and the eni;-" press are, of course, ou the starboard side, the place of honor. The two bedrocms are en suite. The lirst things that attract attention are the height of the ceilings and the immense size of Ina windows, and then the incomparable brilliancy of the woodwork. In the czar's altuly, or cabinet de travail, there is a writing desk that one Ill ight take for a benuilful casting of tortoise shells. It is ofinapie and marvelously polished. A lew family photographs, a copper image of St. Alexander, and an image of Christ form the only decorations of the fed-chamber. The same simplicity is observet in the rooms of the czarina. The walls and furaitur are of molesquine, empire design on a clear ground, paraLel bands supporting crowns. But the lavorite yacht of the imperial family is the Tsarevna, which may be translated edher as the daughter or the fiance of the czar. This yacht is commanded by Captain Friedrichs. if the Polar Star is a magnificent pataco, the Tsarevna is a retreat. It is made sinall purposely for the admission of intimate Meads only. There is no room in it for slides. it is on board this vessel that the ( zar, the empresi, and children take refuge in the summer months from the aunoyances of imperial grandeur. The dining room is d.vided into two pieces. Consequently it is aim) the parlor or piece de re- union. As all the faintly are ,ond of muses the little piano is always open. The old music scores, raeged upon a little shelf, are well ivorn and thumbed. Sometimes the czar, when in a pleasant mood, takes a Ina& in toe concert. lie plays the flute, not as a viltuoso, Ltd, without pretension. It is not every czar that can be a Tallatiel The GIore of Chicago. Eugene tu Ch.cago News-Itecord I've traveled la li!Ntoi. Or C L1 dries aatt aj knicts ot art Till there Isn't a critic or connour who's properly (I, e oleo so And free to say that, tho grand results of ex-. 14rat1on Low hat simiehow p.tlut gets redder the further out west Igo! I've sloped the voluptuous sherbet that the nett ttiI 9tI'Ve. And I v tett the glow of red Bordeaux tingling c.,ch sepatate nerve; I've sampled lour classic Massie under an arbor And I've reeked with song a whole night on over a invv),va outooil. 1 he stalwart blew of ILO land o' cake, the schnapps of the truest Dutch. lhe Hawn pr.ised wine ol the tirs.aut Rb1tiO the bevr 1,14,11,f1 ffverifiLL:a. The a:e ot dear o:d Loudon aud the port of south. era ebnirs, AU, ad tutin, have I taken In a hundred thousand Yes. as I itflre mentioned, thlse other Chitralu ere o a tiglit Compaied with the paraMollat gorgeousness with tyhich the west Is tratholt; For art anti nature are just the same in the land Otero the porker crows, And the paint kteus getting rt (Icier the further out weal elle go!a. Our imvants face never discovered the reason why this iff so, And 9) per Cut ot the laymen care less than the sav.tuts know; It answers every purpose tat this is manifest; 'the pa,ht keeps Netting redder the lurtuer you go out west. G ye me no honta 'nealla the pale pink dome of European skies, No cot tor me by Lilo animal) sea that far to the sout hi aid lies; But away oat weit I would build my nest on top of a CA11111110 N't here I can pamt, without restraint, creatica leafier avfl ! Learning etrew at Eighty. trroy The Round Lake Ministers' institute began regularly yesterday with lessons in Greek and Hebrew conducted by Drs. Van lien.. scholen and Helsingor, who are among the most eminent teachers of these languages ilk the United Stales. Their classes aro at tended by all conditions and ages of people and by both sexes. One pupil Is Mrs. Or. Griffin, who last year mastered this Greek enough to read her beloved Scripture in its original, and she is 8) years old. litte id now mastering liebre w. t' ( A. E. Stilvi ell, President. arm, C. A. Dean, Wm. S. Taylor, Vine Presidents. le & Britiey, General Counsel. Wm. S. Taylor, Treasurer... r. secretary. F. B. Wilcox, Asst. Treasurer. I ;0" , ) ,, . Y . 4 ,, ; 3.... , , . . , .. - . ... . . 4 . . . , . v . . ImEmoonmmi , 4 - r) , .7.----1 -711.".1 I .,.. W".111TFO,O. r) loosoroo, Al

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