Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Ask Not for Whom the Bell Tolls Wednesday, June 12, 1974 Youth Attitudes Periodic surveys by the large polling organizations are among the best indicators of changing social values. The most recent of these is the massive study by Daniel Yankelovich and his associates into the changing attitudes of college students and so-called working class youth. Two significant shifts seem to have occurred between 1969 and 1973. Young people who, so to speak, are job-oriented rath-er than college-oriented are showing attitudes similar to those expressed by college students of five years ago. At the same time, there is a mellowing on the campus — a movement away from the radicalism of the late 1960s. Yankelovich found that working class young people's attitudes toward sex, premarital relations and homosexuality are at about the level of college student attitudes of 1969. The attitude toward religion as "a very important value" among working class youth dropped to 42 per cent from 64 per cent in 1969. That is close to the 38 per cent level among college students five years ago. In a general sense, the finding is that working class young people have become more liberal as to a host of issues. During the same period, student attitudes have mellowed. The number viewing America as a "sick society" dropped from 45 to 35 per cent between 1971 and 1973. A greater proportion of students now condemn the use of violence. In addition, the number of students identifying with the New Left declined, while there was a surprising spurt of interest in the two major political parties. These findings, along with others from various polling organizations, bolster the view that by 1973 the United States had in a sense turned a corner and left behind the rabid emotionalism and ideological fervor of the 1960s. The results may also signal a move toward a more consensual atmosphere in American society in general. The working class youth are taking on the attitudes of the students, while the latter are moving away from the radicalism of the recent past toward perceptions more commonly found among the less well educated working class. If accurate, these statistics bode well for less divisiveness in our society, at least in the near future. Viewpoint Discouraging Report By Ray Cromley • Advice How to 'Double Up' By Abigail Van Kuren DEAR ABBY: Here is my story: After 34 years of marriage, my wife died. I bought a double plot — one for her and one for me when my time comes. I couldn't decide on what kind of headstone I wanted for my wife's grave, so I put off buying one. Meanwhile, I met a woman and things started happening so fast I couldn't believe it. To make a long story short, I married her. In the meantime, my wife's headstone slipped my mind. Homemalcing so my married son got disgusted with me and he bought one and put it up. Then he told me to buy two more lots — one for myself and one for my new wife because he was sure his mother wouldn't want me buried next to her if I couldn't even wait three months to get married again. I asked him what he planned to do with the empty plot beside his mother, and he said he'd find some other dummy to bury there. What should I do now? PUZZLED DEAR PUZZLED: I'd buy another double plot — unless your present wife has already made plans to double up with someone else when her time comes. Barbs Ethical Compass "My ambition obscured my judgment," said Jeb Stuart Magruder in his statement to the court upon being sentenced to prison for his role in the Watergate breakin and coverup. He said also: "It will take me a long time to understand the ease with which I surrendered what I always considered my fundamental, immutable beliefs." The man who once held the second highest spot in President Nixon's re-election campaign organization summed up by telling U.S. District Judge John J. Sirica that "somewhere between my ambition and ideals I lost my ethical compass." On the verge of starting to serve a jail term of 10 months to four years he appeared deeply regretful and contrite. This sense of contrition, this recognition that what was done was morally wrong and a profound affront to the political process, is depressingly absent from the public statements of some others who were involved in what has come to be known as "Watergate." Little of that spirit is discernible, either, in the transcripts of White House conversations thus far released. That is one of the saddest aspects of the whole traumatic affair. Those who had a part in it would do well to reflect on Magruder's courtroom statement, and to examine their own conduct in its light/ Cats Leave Prints By Polly Cramer Add to nostalgic words and phrases: Bebop, ducktail. rassmataz. 76 r.p.m., "Kilroy Was Here." On the average beach, how can you pick out a possible streaker? President Nixon has sent to Congress the program his chief economic advisers have developed for attacking inflation and unemployment. It is shockingly sterile. A study of the 44 pages makes clear these men have no new answers, no new thoughts and no new initiatives. Their major hope for beating inflation apparently rests on keeping the money supply tight and the costs of borrowing high. Steep interest rates drive dollars from investments. Witness the unhappy state of the New York Stock Exchange and/the Dow Jones industrial, transportation and utilities averages. When funds normally raised in the stock market are not available for legitimate and necessary expansion, conversion and modernization, consumers suffer. The nation has a major need today for rapid expansion of conventional and nuclear power plants, increased exploratory drilling for oil, increased production of equipment to mine more coal more efficiently and to convert electric power plants from oil to coal. If the money required, either through borrowing or the sale of new stock, is high in cost, higher prices will be locked into the system for years to come. High interest costs discourage the installation of energy-saving devices by that myriad of small concerns and ordinary homeowners where the need is greatest, thus nullifying national efforts to conserve energy. Scarce, expensive money also drives to the wall, or at best makes life extremely difficult for, that multitude of small and medium-sized industries which produce many of this nation's breakthroughs in research and new products. Original devices and concepts are urgently needed to increase industrial efficiency and thus break the back of inflation. The added cost of high-priced money can be expected to hamper the President's $10 billion program for encouraging home building — for it will tend to drive the cost of houses out of sight, and tend to dry up mortgage funds as rapidly as the government pumps new "low interest" money into the system. The President's Council of Economic Advisers, however, theorizes tight money will cure inflation by squeezing out the market. As competition for credit is intensified, these advisers say, the "less creditworthy borrowers" tend to be crowded out or become unable to pay the high interest rates. "That is part of the process by which monetary restriction reduces inflationary pressure." This assumes falsely some relationship between the worth of an industrial or commercial project and the ability to borrow in a tight market at disastrously high rates. Experience in other countries is that borrowers most able to absorb such high rates are of two kinds — those set for a killing through wheeling and dealing and legitimate companies able to pass ruinous interest costs on to consumers in sharply increased prices. Historically, high interest rates have in the main encouraged speculation in quick-turnover, highly-profitable deals which have a negative effect on the economy; they have discouraged legitimate industrial growth and stimulated greater inflation. Perhaps saddest of all this strategy overall will put the heaviest burden on small business and strengthen, relatively, the position of large business groups which have easiest access to capital funds. Daily Times Herald 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W.WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B.WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republlcation of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week ; —$ .60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per year "3.00 AllOther Mail in the United States, per year $27.00 Pennies Vital Rich America penny-less? A penny shortage has developed in some parts of the country. It began when the Treasury Department announced that because Of rising prices and scarce supplies of copper it might have to start minting with a substitute metal. Many people began hoarding pennies, evidently in the belief that they could eventually melt them down for their copper, though Treasury regulations forbid this. Some stores have asked the Treasury for permission to issue script-paper money — in lieu of pennies, and one bank in Akron is offering $1.10 for every 100 pennies turned in. A penny may not buy very much anymore in these inflationary times, but it's comforting to know that the little coin still has a vital function in the nation's monetary system. POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — Since I have an open garage I have lots of trouble with cats walking all over the top of my car at night. There must be some way to discourage them from jumping up on it but I have not found it. The dirty paw marks they leave look terrible. Any ideas, anyone? — IRMA. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is with the makers of flags who do not stitch the ends enough to keep the wind from whipping the stitching loose so they soon are frayed. Also they do not use fade-proof material. Many flags have to be discarded in a short time if they are flown very often. I have found this to be true with expensive ones and with the more usual less expensive flags. —MARY B. DEAR POLLY — I am answering Phyllis who wants to mount a jigsaw puzzle so it can hang on the wall. I have done several the following way and received many compliments. I mount one on a piece of 14-inch plywood that is cut large enough to leave a "frame" around the puzzle. This border can be painted, stained or antiqued. I like to use acrylic paint smeared on and immediately wiped off until the desired effect is attained. The puzzle is then centered on the board and I fold one half of it back on top of the other side (they must be interlocking puzzles), apply that popular milky white glue to the board and lay the half back on it. Repeat for the other half. I apply the same varnish-like finish one uses for decoupage to the entire puzzle; frame and edges. First allow the glue to thoroughly dry and then dry completely between each coat of the decoupage finish.—LOIS. DEAR POLLY — Those who have hand-crocheted bedspreads will 'find old-time curtain stretchers are wonderful to use for blocking the spreads to their proper shape after washing. These were used for lace curtains and are not too hard to find even now as, proven by a recent ad in the paper that brought many answers. -DOROTHY. DEAR POLLY — Prolong the life of overalls that are too short for a toddler by attaching sock- mocs to the bottoms with snaps. The snaps will keep the stocking part of the sock-mocs pulled up and cover the ankles and lower legs. Both can be put on at once when the child is dressed,- ELIZABETH. DEAR POLLY - and Mrs. A.L.K. whose tot climbs out of his crib — The spring on my daughter's crib was fairly low so I just removed one mattress and one side of the crib (remove the screws and store the side for future use). At night I put the unused mattress on the floor next to the open side so baby falls on it if he rolls out during the night. During the day just slide this mattress under the crib. Baby can crawl in and out all he wants to.Changing bed linens is easier, too. Add a cute bedspread, throw pillows and animals for a new and more grownup look. — CHERYL. DEAR POLLY — A terrarium makes an ideal gift for someone in the hospital as it takes up little space and requires less care than blooming plants or cut flowers. It is interesting for the patient to watch and can be taken home and easily cared for by the patient. This is a lasting gift that can be enjoyed for a long, long time. —EVELYN. DEAR POLLY — My parents bought a new dining room set and the chair seats are covered with a velour .material. Crumbs and lint stick to this fabric like a magnet. I got so tired of picking them out by hand, one at a time, but found my father's lint brush was the answer. It works beautifully and makes the job so quick and easy.— TAMMY. DEAR POLLY — When winding a skein of yarn into a ball and there is no one around to hold the skein for you pull a kitchen drawer out part way and slip the skein around it. A tall can taped to the side of a paint bucket provides a useful container for small brushes. It keeps them out of the paint but with easy reach. When driving in the car toward the sun prevent that glare from the chrome on the hood of the car by coating the chrome with glass wax. — MRS. R.L. DEAR POLLY — When my grandson was four he knew his numbers up to 10 but could not remember our telephone number or read our names. We made a telephone directory just for his use. I drew pictures and printed the proper names and phone numbers across a sheet of paper. He could associate the person with the picture and have the right telephone number. An example was a poodle dog drawn by his Aunt Rose's name and number as she has a poodle. This made it possible for him to reach someone in an emergency. He is now 6 but still uses his directory that i also has helped him learn his numbers. -BETTY. check tlwse values BULK ZIPPERS Values to 40< We are discontinuing these metal zippers, so out they 90. at Reg. 20< to 40< Ea. FAMOUS BRAND TRIMS Piping, braids, tapes, seam binding, facings, rick-rack, quilt binding DOUBLE KNITS Big beautiful bolts of yarn dyed pastels & plains 60" wide — machine wash — tumble-dry — no irbning. Make a pant-suit, short or long dress for that special occasion — also new rib knits for tops. Reg. to $4.99 Yd. Remnants Marked Down Your Choice COOL For hot days ahead Sheers, Airy prints, Sport prints For summer-fun and glamour. 45" ir wide — machine wash-n-dry. Little or no ironing. JL Reg. to $2.49 NOW Sale prices good from Thurs. June 13 thru fjKCSfc , . ia mi'-" .I'l-.L'^ Tues. June 18. WESTGATE MALL Store open 9 to 5 Mon. thru Sat. — Open Fri. Eve.
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