74th Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA. THURSDAY, APRIL 9. 1964 $1.50 Per Month Sixteen Pages 10 Cents RUPTURED BIRD - This giant Pon Ame'kan Boeing 707 literally snapped in two when it skidded off the end of the runway at New York's Kennedy airport Tuesday and the break is clearly visible in this photo. Federal Aviation officials said today that the airport control tower had worned the pilot that he was approaching to high and should go around again. The pilot reportedly said "Rogei^' but landed onyway — to far toward the end of the runway. All 150 persons aboard were saved but had to leave the plane via emergency exits into woist-high swampy water. (UPl Telephofo) Rafferty, board agree to no censorship LOS ANGELES (UPI) - Dr, Max Raffsrty and the state Board of Education agreed to day that there should be no censorship of information Department of Education activ iUes. An expected fight over memorandum, which Rafferty issued March 18 to his staff, failed to develop at a board meeting. The Superintendent of Public Instruction said his memoran dum was "merely a set of pro cedures for giving our informa lion." He said that some divi sion heads and employes of the department had been dupUcat- ing press releases and added that his memorandum was an effort to eliminate such time- consuming activity. The board thereupon adopted mianimously a resolution intro duced by chairman Thomas W. Bradea of Oceanside stating that the Department of Educa tion should encourage "free access" of the public to information about its activities; that there should be "no censorship' of such information; and that there should be "no system of clearance" on answering que ries from either the public or the press. of Weather Redlands Weather Today Highest 85, Lowest 4S One Year Ago Highest 65, Lowest 47 IbmoiTow's Sunrise and Sunset 5:25 a.m. — 6:16 p.m. ' No smog, allowable burning. San Bernardino Valley: Sunny Friday. Lows tonight 38-45. U.$. W«ither Btin»u Noon Forecast Sunny weather will prevail in Southern California this afternoon, Friday and Saturday, but there will be some early mom- int fog along the immediate coast. Afternoon temperatures will be a little warmer at in land locations today and remain about the same through Saturday. The immediate coast will be slightly cooler Friday and Saturday. Highs this afternoon will be in the low 60s in the mountains, near TO along the beaches, in the 70s in the upper desert valleys and in the 80s in most other parts of South- em CaUfomia. Temperatures and precipita tion for the 24-hour period end ed at 4 a.m.: High Lew PrteipJ Boston Chicago Cincinnati Denver Fairbanks Fort Worth Helena Honohilu Kansas City Las Vegas Los Angeles Jlinneapolis New York Oklahoma City Palm Springs Sacramento Satt Lake aty San Francisco Seattle Wubin^ton 58 39 .39 42 34 45 30 53 32 46 32 58 33 59 31 86 71 .02 47 34 73 48 SO 54 44 25 59 38 .64 55 34 88 56 n 49 56 34 5S 47 56 46 62 40 .41 House approves Johnson controversial farm bill WASHINGTON (UPI) — The House approved President Johnson's controversial farm bill early today and the President hailed the action as an example of "good judgment and economic progress" to benefit all Americans. The cotton-wheat bill, passed by a slim vote of 211-203, in a hectic and often bitter session was sent to the White House for Johnson to sign into law. The House gave Johnson double - barreled victory with 229-189 passage of his proposal to expand the food stamp program for the needy. Johnson said in a statement that the farm bill "can forestall severe economic difficulUes in areas where wheat is a major source of income, and in turn this win sustain job levels in communities that serve the farmer and his family and manufacture the things he needs. "Taxpayers will gain through lower costs as excess supplies cotton and wheat are re- U.S. accuses Reds of budget manipulation GENEVA (UPI)—The United States today accused the Soviet Union of building up its nuclear arsenal while concealing the cost from the world through budget manipulation. U. S. negotiator Adrian S. Fisher denounced the Soviet proposal for worldwide military budget reductions as "more show than substance." Fisher told the 17-nation dis armament conference it is im- posible to tell exactly how much the Russians are spending on military items because such expenditures can be hidden in other sections of the Soviet budget. In contrast to the United States' highly detailed military budgets, Fisher said, the Soviet military budget this year made available to the rest the world "consisted of 16 words and one sum." duced to adequate reserve levels," Johnson said. Charles B. Shuman, president of the American Farm Bureau Federation which fought the cotton-wheat bill, charged effect would be "bad for farmers, consumers and taxpayers, Agriculture Secretary Orville Freeman, however, said would be "of great benefit to all Americans." Johnson said the food stamp bill, which now goes to the Senate, "is a step toward insuring that people can benefit from the nation's food abund ance by setting up a perma nent food stamp plan." Both bills were passed votes that generally by followed party lines. Voting for the farm bill were 201 Democrats and 10 RepubUcans; voting against were 36 Democrats and 167 Republicans. On the food stamp measure, 216 Democrats and 13 Republicans voted, for the bill opposed were 26 Democrats and 163 Republicans. The wheat-cotton bill would give wheat-growers who limit acreage higher price supports through use of redeemable marketing certificates, thus heading ofi a predicted $600 million drop in farm income this elec tion year. It also provides payments to cotton farmers who limit planting and indirect sub sidles to U. S. textile mills. The food stamp bill would expand nationwide an experimental program now providing some needy families with ;tamps to be used for buying food. It now goes to the Senate where no action has been scheduled and none is likely for some time because of the civil rights debate. Quote of Day WASmNGTON-Labor Secretary W. ^Villard Wirtz demand ing speedy settlement of the railroad labor dispute which threatens to develop into a na tionwide strike: "The public interest demands that this dispute be settled, that it be settled immediately, and that it be settled by agreement." Wo//oce bock home, plugs Wisconsin cheese MONTGOMERY, Ala. (UPI) —Gov. George C. Wallace flewj home from his first presidential primary Wednesday night to be greeted by a brass band and more than 3,000 cheering supporters. I want you to start eating Wisconsin cheese," he told the happy throng, as a measure of appreciation for the surprisingly large vote he received in the AVisconsm primary. 'On to Maryland and In^- ana," shouted the crowd as the governor stepped from the new state plane, painted with both the American and Confederate flags and the words "Stand Up For America." Wallace has en-j tered preferential primaries in Marj-land and Indiana. One man waved a sign read ing: "Wallace yes, civil wrongs biU no!" Wallace held a Wisconsin new^aper, generously devoted to account of the primary in which Wallace, tunning on %p anti-civil rights bill platform, got around 25 per cent of the total vote. The banner headline said "250,000 for Wallace. "Tbey said we'd get 5,000 votes," he said. "When 1 left today, it was about 270,000. That vote was not for me. It is for the people of Alabama and this country who believe in constitutional government." His zmexpectedly strong showing in Wisconsm against "favorite son" Gov. John W. Reynolds will cause some sec- jond thinking in high political circles, Wallace predicted. "The liberal politicians of both parties and Washington had their eyeteeth shaken," he said. Hie governor said the nation |would bie watching the Alabama Democratic primary May 5, and urged support for an un committed slate of presidential elertors, 'I hope youll support our free, unpledged Democratic electors," he said. Khrushchev charges Chinese abandonment BUDAPEST (UPI)- Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev charged today that the Communist Chinese "have abandoned the great Communist movement." Stumping hard to raUy his East European allies for showdown fight with Peking, Khrushchev accused Communist China of splitting the world socialist camp. Charging the.xaiinese leadership of "heretical acts," be said: They have extended their international relations and arc trying to loosen socialist unity and they may do damage to the international Communist movement "The Chinese heretics, while covering themselves with ultra- revolutjonaiy slogans, at the! same time are slandering the Communist parties and helping the cause of the imperialists." In the most direct attack he has made against the Red Chinese in the bitter ideological debate, Khrushchev accused the Peking leadership of trying to unite peoples on the basis oi race, color and geographical considerations. He accused them of courting the disaster of a world thermonuclear war. "The Chinese are irresponsi biy playing with the fate of mil lions wiUi demogogic statements, saying that the atom bomb is only a paper tiger," he said. The Soviet leader spoke at a giant Hungarian-Soviet friendship rally in Budapest's Sports Palace, and his words were carried throughout Eastern Europe by the Intervision Television Network. He spoke in Russian and his speech was trans lated into Hungarian. The gathering climaxed an official visit which began March 31. Khrushchev's preoccupation throughout has been the critical fight between Peking and Moscow which now threatens to split the Communist world irreparably. Hungarian Premier Janos Ea- dar opened the proceedings with speech in which he renewed Hungary's pledge to line up in Moscow's corner. Then Khrushchev started speaking by pledging that the Soviet Union always would be friend of Hungary. MacArthur's charge fits diplomatic spy scandal NEW YORK (UPI) General of the Army Douglas MacArthur's charge of British betrayal of the AUied war effort in Korea touched off speculation today that he had reference solely to the treachery of three fop British diplomats. The dates of British perfidy alleged by the late Korean com mander —1950 and 1951 — coincides with years in which Donald MacLean, Guy Burgess and Harold Philby all held sensitive posts in the British Foreign Of fice and diplomatic service. MacLean and Burgess defected to Russia in 1951 and were later unmasked as Communist agents. Philby was dismissed from his post the same year, fled to Russia in 1963, and has since been named "the third man" in the MacLean-Burgess ring. MacArthur accused Britain in separate 1954 mterviews of giv- mg his war plans to the Chinese enemy and said they were abetted in doing so by "fools" and "Anglo - Saxonphiles" in Washington. A report of these interviews with Jim Lucas of Scripps - Howard Newspapers and Bob Considine of Hearst Headline Service was kept se cret until Wednesday. MacArthur's chief of inteUi- gence from 1941 through 1951, Maj. Gen. Charles A. Willoughby (ret) said he was "in agreement with the accuracy of Jim Lucas' interview ... especially dealing with the transmission of military information to the Russians, based on the circumstantial evidence of two important British diplomats, one in the British Embassy and the other at the American desk in London, since e-xposed as So viet espionage agents." A longtime aide of MacArthur's, Maj. Gen. Courtney Whit-| ney (ret) said today in Washington that many of the statements attributed to MacArthur by Lucas were "fictional nonsense." He described the reported charge against the British as "pure fantasy." "The general always felt that Dean Rusk considers charges utfer nonsense WASHINGTON (UPI) — A high State Department source said today that Secretary of State Dean Rusk considers charges that the British govern ment betrayed Korean War plans to the Chinese Reds to be 'utter nonsense." The source said Rusk was completely agreed with the declaration Wednesday by (Hement AtUee, British prime minister at the time, that such assertions attributed to the late Gen. Douglas MacArthur were entirely without foundation. Jim Lucas, correspondent for the Scripps - Howard Newspa papers, said the general had made the "betrayal" charge in a 1954 interview which was not published until after MacArthur's death. The United States has not told Britain how it feels about the charges, the State Department source said, because Busk feels there is no need for such an official disclaimer. The allegations of betrayal said MacArthur contended that] British sources informed Red China of his strategic plans dur-j ing the conflict any such betrayal probably stemmed from the machinations of the individual traitors. Burgess and MacLean, while they held positions in the British government giving them access to information concerning our Korean plans and- operations and.contact with the Red Chinese," Whitney said. • The Scripps - Howard Newspaper Alliance, through its editor. Earl Richert, said it stands behind the published account of the Lucan interview with MacArthur "and the integrity of our reporters." MacArthur said the State Department turned over his plans to the British who relayed them, possibly through the Russian Embassy in London, to the Red Chinese within 48 hours. MacLean was head of the American section at the British Foreign Office from October, 1950, untU he fled to Moscow May 25, 1951. Burgess was second secretary of the British Embassy in Washington from August 1950, until May, 1951, when he defected with JfacLean. Philby was a top British mtelligence officer in Washington from October, 1949, until June 1,1951, when he was dismissed because he was suspected of having tipped off Mac(Continued on Page 6) Nation braces for crippling rail strike CHICAGO (UPI) - The na tion braced today for - a crippling rail strike that could paralyze countless- industries,' clog highways with commuters and put a serious dent in the country's economy. Housewives would feel the pinch in family pocketbooks and growers of perishable food would suffer irreparable losses The threatened sfrike was set for .12:01 a.m. (local time) Friday. The day-old strike of the Illinois Central Railroad, which precipitated the latest crisis in bng-simmering dispute over work rules changes, akeady posed fremendous problems. A nationwide walkout would pose more. Service to more than 2,000 communities in the Midwest and South was cut off by the Illinois Cenfral walkout. The sudden sfrike sent thou sands of commuters flocking to buses, car pools and taxi cabs in Chicago. Freight shipments were tied up throughout the line's operation in 14 states from the Great Lakes to the Gulf Coast Louisiana strawberry growers and the nation's banana industry would be particularly affected by. a prolonged strike. Several large manufacturing plants in Memphis, Tenn., already have been hard hit by the I-C strike. The International Harvester plant at Memphis laid off dock workers Wednes day because no bading could be done. Seranf on will not be candidate Johnson unable to halt rail strike WASHINGTON (UPI) —Pres-l ident Johnson is powerless to halt a threatened nationwide rail strike. White House powers to delay walkout have all been exhausted since the tangled dis-j pute started late in 1959. Observers felt only Congress; could block a total shutdown of the rail network if both sides stick by their positions in the crisis. Congress dealt with part of the thoray confroversy over pay rates, manning, and working conditions for 200,000 rail workers in the first compulsory arbifration law ever passed in peacetime last Aug. 28. HARRISBURG, Pa. (UPI)Pennsylvania Gov. William W. Scranton said today he will not become an active candidate for the' Republican presidential nomination, but left the door, wide open for a draft at the GOP national convention. Scranton did little at a news conference today to change the position he has taken from the beginning, except to emphasiie that he will not become an active candidate. 'I cannot do my duty here' and also campaign for the nom ination." (Jueried whether this ruled out the possibility of a draft Scranton answered:'I have not ruled out a draft The only thing I have not ruled out is a draft." Research funds WASHINGTON (UPI) — The Air Force Wednesday awarded the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., a $1.1 million confract for research on seismic phenomena, earthquakes and explosions, the office of Sen. Clair Engle, D- Calif^ announced. Wirti ¥forks to avoid national railroad strike WASHINGTON (UPI( - La bor Secretary W. Willard Wirtz, striving feverishly to flag dov,-n a national raifroad sfrike one minute after midnight, con ferred with union and management leaders today and reported "both want an agreement very badly." But the railroads announced they were imposing a freight embargo at 12:01 a.m. Friday in anticipation a strike will be called by the rail unions. Wirtz met for more than an hour with representatives of the five railway unions who have threatened a walkout if the railroads impose their confro- versial new work rules at the 12:01 a.m. local time deadline. He then huddled with man agement representatives at separate session. In betweoi the meetings, Wirtz told newsmen that it was "impossible to measure" any progress toward averting the showdown. But he commented: "They both want an agreement and want it very badly.' No participant made any official comments on the sessions, but one railroad official declared: "We're not getting any where.' There was some indication the government might not step in immediately with a demand for legislation to halt a walkout should one occur. But informed sources said no decision had been made by early afternoon on government action in the event of a strike. Some federal officials believe that an actual shutdown is necessary to clear the air and get real negotiations started. On Capitol Hill, Sen. Wayne Morse, D-Ore., appealed to both sides to settle their differences and prevent their prolonged dispute from being subjected to 'the cauldron of legislative pol- iUcs." LcgitUtion Expires Last session. Congress, confronted by a similar threat of coast-to-coast tie-up, enacted the first peacetime compulsory arbifration law but the legisla tion expired Feb. 25. Morse said both the unions and management should try to work out a fafr solution to thefr dispute on a voluntary basis. He recalled his opposition to the arbifration bill but added that if the tmions and carriers "pull down the fransportafion system . . . Congress will resort to lepslation." The government's regular remedies for preventing a railway strike have been exhausted during the 4V4-year battle. The freight embargo meant that the railroads were servingj notice that at 12:01 a.m. Friday they would not accept shipments of any kind for loading, transportation, interchange or reconsignment. The Illinois Cenfral Railroad already was dosed down by a prompted President Johnson to stxmmon both sides to the emergency negotiations. The unions represent 200,000| of about 700,000 rail workers who would be affected by a nationwide strike. The new round of sessions by, Wirtz with labor and management officials at the Labor Department followed a long series of Ulks lastmg to 3 a.m. EST today, which produced no apparent progress in efforts to avert the strike. Rtiwwed Talks Stparal* The renewed talks were separate — first with the unions, then with management Wirtz arranged a meeting with negotiators for the more than 20O railroads at U:30 a.m. EST following his conference with the tmion leaders. Wirtz told newsmen he planned to work right up to the deadline without letup to try and win agreement on s procedure to halt the threatened strike. A union walkout against the Illinois Cenfral early Wednesday led the railroads to announce they would impose new work rules at 12:01 a.m. local times Friday. Union leaders have declared this would bring an immediate strike. S«vm-Heur Recess Wirtz resumed his emergency mediation efforts after a seven hour recess. Talks Wednesday night broke off in the wee hours today because two top union leaders had not been able to get to Washington to! join the meeting. H. E. Gflbert, president of] Illinois Central shut down tight by strike the Brotherhood of Locomotive Ffremen and Enginemen, arrived today to join the meetings. Charles Lona, president of | the Brotherhood of Bailroad Trainmen, was expected about noon EST. By ROBERT T. LOUGHRAM UnitKl Press International CHICAGO (UPI) — The sprawling IlUnois Central SaU- road, which hauls everything from sleepy suburban commuters to fresh sfrawberries, was shut down tight today. A strike by four operating unions in the pre-dawn. hours Wednesday spread slowly through 14 states from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico and cut off service to 2,000 Midwestern and Southern communities. The sudden walkout also brought a long-simmering work [rules dispute to a head and sent the country to the brink of a nationwide rail strike. Giant railroad depots in Chicago were empty and the city's expressways were clogged with disgruntled commuters driving to work from the "bedroom" suburbs. The four striking unions were the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Engine- men, Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen and Order of RaU way Conductors and Brakemen. A joint union announcement of the walkout said the action was taken because no agreement had been reached with the railroad on "demands for paid holidays, adequate overtime; expenses at away-from:home points, shift differential pay and other requests in a four-year struggle for modernization of work rules." The railroad put an embargo on all commodities when the strike was announced. The line's 6,500-mile system ground to a halt as freight frains en route when the walkout was called reached their destinations. Peter Sellers chances of survival improving strike of four of the operating unions. The walkout on that line triggered the railway announcement that the new rules would be placed into effect and HOLLYWOOD (UPI) — Co median Peter Sellers' chances to sturive a near-fatal heart attack improved every hour today, but he remained in critical condition, his doctors said. The English star remained in an intensive care nnit with doctors and nurses in attendance around the dock. Physicians at Cedars of Lebanon Hospital were guardedly optimistic that he would pass the major crias period withm the next 24 hours. A hospital spokesman said Sellers, 38, spent a good night and was awake and alert, feel- mg wen enough to talk to his bride of two months, Swedish acfress Britt EUand, 21. 'Mr. Sellers continued to improve steadily, and we are increasingly encouraged," doctors said. Sellers was stricken by a coronary thrombosis at his Beverly Two icoQiplications within the Peter SeDeis Hills home Monday morning, ^first 24 hours almost dairaed his life.
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