13, 1963 it f • ' : \ 't r * - f • - 'FLA** " • * *s" ~ >H * i - - ,4 Should Grasp- on on By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN "A GOLDWATER CANDIDACY," says one of my columnfetic colleagues, "will automatically make the Republican Party into the 'white man's party.' " This is one opinion. The American Fascists who picketed the Goldwater rally in Washington. D. C, on July 4, had a different point of view. Using some of the most scurrilous placards that have been flashed before human eyes since the days of Hitlers Nuremburg rallies, the American Fascists, advertising themselves as the "National Dump Goldwater" committee, tried to raise an entirely different spectre, that of a Goldwater who would turn the Republican Party over lock, stock and barrel to the Negroes. IF THIS business of trying to grind a front-running Republican candidate for presidential nomination between the two stones of "lily-whitisrtV* and "coaUblack- a National Guard officer were riot ism" Aren't serious* it would be almost inexpressibly ftfnny. For, as* anybody who has respect for facts knows, Goldwater happens to be both an integrationist and a constitutionalist, which means that he is for extending rights to the Negro without infringing these same rights as they apply to other people. This is not a pro-white attitude, it is simply pro-American. The Goldwater record on integration, unlike that of some of his recent detractors, is not of the Johnny-come-lately type. It began in 1946, when, as an organizer and officer of the Arizona Air National Guard, Goldwater helped to integrate the armed forces of his own home state. Incidentally, the Arizona National Guard was the first post-war National Guard to be integrated. Barry Goldwater's activities as lost on the Negro community in Phoenix, Arte. The Negroes came to him after he had been elected to the Phoenix City Council with complaints that the restaurant at Sky HJirbor, the municipal airport, was just as effectively Jim Crow as any public facility in the Deep South. The City Council, under Goldwater prodding, proceeded to desegregate the restaurant. This was quifckly followed * up with a campaign to desegregate the Phoenix theatres and to eliminate the local Carver High School as a separate Negro educational institution, For his work as a leader in this campaign, and for his financial contributions to the Urban League, Goldwater was presented with a member-, ship card in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. In Goldwater's own Arizona" de partment stores, Negroes worked alongside whites and, In* dians for 26 years. The Goldwa* ter stores have also employed Mexicans. WITH the Arizona Indians, Goldwater has a quite special relationship. When he was part- owner of Rainbow Lodge on the Navajo Reservation, Goldwater built the first airstrip in the area, He used to take Indians on plane rides, giving many ot them their first experience in flying. A familiar figure on the Navajo Reservation, Goldwater is sometimes referred to by the Indians as "Mn America" — and the older Indians actually call airplanes "Goldwa- ters." Since the Indian population, like that of the American bison, has lately been on the increase, the time may come \yhen Barry Goldwater will be singled out to become the leader of a dt'amatic piish for "Indian lady. rights." the Navajo* and th« Mopis of Arizona have been supporting Goldwater's party by a seven-to-one registration on the local reservations. There are. In* cidenlally, softie 88,000 Indians In Arizona as compared Jo 43,009 Negroes. THE FACfS about Goldwater's integrationist record are not \yelU known • simply because very few people have bothered to ask about them, in this connection Goldwater, who relishes jokes about snakes, might recall the lady who, upon an open request from the stage, left her seat near the aisle and went up to play tricks with a python. When she returned to her seat in the audience, her husband looked at her with amazement and sard: "I didn't know you were a snake charmer." "You never asked me." said the THE ALMANAC By United Press International Today is Saturday, July 13, the 194th day of 1963 with 171 to York City against the draft law. In 1865, Horace Greeley advised federal civil servants to ' Oth er Editoria I Opin i follow. The moon- is approaching its last quarter. The morning stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening star .is Mars. On this day in history; In 1787, Congress set up the first organized government west of the original colonies with enactment of the Northwest Ordinance., In 1863, riots broke out in New west. go if In 1961, Adolf Eichmann said during his trial in Israel that the killing of Jews was* a hideous crime. He died a year later for that crime. A thought for the day—The novelist Henrik Ibsen, said: "I hold that man is in the rigKt who is most clearly in league with the future." REMINISCING of Bygone Times THE CANAL ACCORD. More bark than bite any quick accommodation on the two Geris evident in Panama's ultimatum to the manys. For elsewhere in the East Berlin United States to settle points of dissatisfaction speech, a curious mixture of good humor and arrogance, he contemptuously says that what the West calls a "\Vall" in East Berlin is "the |between the two countries or to open negotiations for a new canal treaty no later than Monday, July 15. Unless accord is reached, legitimate border of the German Democratic warned Foreign Minister Galileo Solis on Republic*' which»"enables the working peo- PIFTY YEARS AGO Sunday, July 13, 1913 Pledges for the new Christian Church were announced during worship services at the church. After many cool days and nights, Galesburg residents again found themselves in a heat wave April 25, Panama will quit a joint commission pies of the republic to curb the provocative which hung over the city. The activities against their country and other Socialist states." mercury climbed to 98 degrees. REMINISCING A BREAK-UP of the Moscow talks might ()f BygOIie Times in fliot fVlA loot AnnA^itnU.. 1» UnU iU ~ V set up in 1962 to work out agreements on disputes. Panama is seeking a number of rights in the U.S.-controlled Canal Zone and wants more special economic development aid. American officials hope to avoid a repeti- mean that the last opportunity to halt the nu- tion of the strained relations that climaxed in clear spiral had been lost. Indeed, under- the diplomatically disastrous march by Pan- ground testing in Nevada apparently will con- amanians on the Canal Zone in November tinue. And a full crew is keeping our John- 1959. Secretary of State Rusk promised that ston Island test site in the Pacific in a state the United States would try to solve the pend- of readiness. ing differences before the mid TWENTY YEARS AGO Tuesday, July 13, 1943 Rotary and Kiwanis clubs held a joint picnic at Soangetaha Country Club. The men played golf during the /day. Paced by a 15-hit barrage, McCreery Motors hammered out a 10-3 victory over Rowe at H. T. Custer Park. THE JUVENILE JOBLESS We are possibly the first people in history with little or no economic use for. our children, unless one considers their extensive exploitation in advertising as an economic use. Our technological advances have rendered them unneeded, if not useless. We have made matters worse by moving to town— nearly 90 per cent of us—where we have automated our kitchens and heating systems and put motors on our lawn mowers. — Willard E. Goslin of the George Peabody College for Teachers, Nashville, addressing the American Association of School Administrators' convention in Atlantic City. + Rahman is that he's anti-corn munlst and thus, apparently, sus pect.—Andrew Tully in the Brad ford (Pa.) Era. BABOONVILLE Waste of the While U .S. / AIDS SUKARNO — we still have our shirt, the time has come for the United States to tell that lower-case bum in Indonesia to get lost. They call him 'President' Sukarno, but to anyone who has not spent last 10 desert island this taxpayers' money by government bureaus is an old story. And the most glaring examples usually involve the expenditure of a relatively small amount of money . , . Put together, they represent millions of waste. A freshman congressman, Gene Snyder (R, of Ky,), was recently challenged to show how the budget might be cut. He replied by citing 68 examples of ridiculous expenditure over the past year or two, suggesting that many more similar cases might be found in the current budget. The list is long, but here are a few typical gems: . . . $61,985 to establish a colony of baboons and $13,8lfe for another monkey colony ... A colony of baboons might be a good investment, come to think of it. Baboons, they say, can be trained to do just about anything a human being can do—or should do. Maybe a Bureau of Baboons on the Potomac, trained to check on useless expenditures such as setting up a colony of baboons, would save us some money now and then.— Dallas Morning News. FINANCIAL MANIPULATORS— Like his knowledge of ward-heel politics, John Fitzgerald Kennedy evidently brought his ' fiscal policies from his hometown of Boston. His pretentious prestidigitations and pertennial peregrinations around fiscal sanity suggest the nimble navigations of another former Back Bay resident Charles Ponzi. In 1920 Ponzi ran an ad in a Boston newspaper which said: "I have a new investment system which guarantees 50 per cent profit on your money* every 45 (Continued on page 6) years on a reads 'dictator' Sukarno is Crossword Puzzzle Past: £J r Present The (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By United Press International CAMBRIDGE, Md. - Stanley Branche, an NAACP leader, calling for more anti-segregation protests despite limited martial law in this racially troubled town: "We must demonstrate. We have July deadline. But it appears unlikely that President Certain changes already have been made; the Kennedy would be sending Averell Harriman Panama flag flies alongside the Stars and to Moscow at all if preparatory probings nothing else." Stripes at the U.S. administration building of hadn't indicated some area of agreement. Or, the Zone, and the republic's merchants have for that matter, that Chairman Khrushchev v , _ „ . won an increasingly large share of the eco- wou ld have given the name of Moscow to the indicating why mountaineers at- Joseph ' Alleme> You shall know that I am in (he midst of Israel, and that I, the Lord, am your God and there is none else. And my people shall never agai Joel 2:27. be put to shame— ROSMAN, N.C. County Sheriff C Transylvania R . McCall, Converting grace puts God on the throne, and .the world at His in the heart, footstool; Christ and the world under His feet. the prime example of the American policy of turning the other cheek in dealing with so-called emerging nations. We don't mind if Sukarno accepts aid and ideological comfort from the Reds so long as he lets us force a few million bucks on him when he's having a lover's quarrel with the Commies. Ironically, our wooing of Sukarno is a slap in the face of one of our few friends in Asia; the 60-year-old Malayan Prime Minister, Abdul Rahman. But, of course, the trouble with Answer to Previous Punto HHIIl!] nomic discussions. London tacked a summer youth camp near But Panama is being made aware that it gests: "It may be that the Cuban confront*- here that was tem P° raril y inte derives considerable financial benefit from tion—when fingers, East and West, were cock- , ,. . * T no *• r *u * -ii- j j , . . i , . "When they brought m Negroes U.S. operation of the waterway ($77 million ed round nuclear triggers-has given both and to]d ifc QVer to * n before fo ey annually, directly and indirectly) and that Kennedy and Khrushchev a new awareness of ^ ^ t i le y were inviting trouble." these benefits are not guaranteed in pcrpet- what must be done, and quickly, if men are to uity. Indeed, the United States is studying at feel safe again. This may be why, in the least three routes for a new canal capable of midst of other distractions, Khrushchev with handling modern ships. One runs through his Chinese allies, Kennedy with the racial Panama's own Daricn region, but another problem, and Macmillan with the Profumo runs through Nicaragua and the third through scandal, the three have decided on a new in- Colombia. The paradoxical Panamanian re- itiative for peace," action is that the United States has a moral * * * obligation to build any new canal in Panama. BOWLES IN INDIA. Ten years and nearly $4 -j. «.'. billion in U.S. foreign aid later, Chester A NEW OPTIMISM OVER MOSCOW, A cau- Bowles returns to India as United States am- tious optimism is being expressed in Western bassador on Monday, July 15. Bowles served capitals, though to be sure more by the press as ambassador there from 1951 to 1953, was than by the anonymous official spokesmen, on generally well liked, and is welcomed back the new talks in Moscow on outlawing atomic despite some uneasiness over his past lack of weapons testing. We should know what to ex- status in the Kennedy administration. Return- pect oarly on in the discussions. Indeed, we ing to Harvard is John Kenneth Galbraith who enjoying it. should know as soon as Soviet Premier Nikita has a lot of good will and a weakened livei _ \ Qalesburg Register-Mail NEWARK, N.J. -U.S. District Court Judge Robert Shaw, lecturing Teamster union official Anthony Provenzano shortly before sentencing him for extorting money from a trucking firm: "You have betrayed the interests of the working man. This kind of offense is a grave disservice to labor. 1 ' TULSA, Okla. Mrs. Carroll W. Hanna, one of four housewives who will re-wed their husbands because of an Arkansas law that invalidated the first nuptials: "We're all nervous, flustered and confused. But our children Office 140 Soutb Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-glol Entered ns Second Class fatter at the Post Office at Galesburg. Illinois, under Act of Congress oi Mprch 3. 1879. Daily except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New VorH, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. * Atlanta, San Francisco, Los Angeles. PhUadelphia, Charlotte. 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Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months $5.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month $2.00 ACROSS 1 Seven Sisters, for instance 5 Sweet 9 of flower seeds 12 Burden 13 Dismounted 14 High note in Guido's scale 15 Acetic acid compound 17 Sup 18 Restrain 19 Transmits a crown by inheritance 21 Surf noise 23 Toper 24 Mire 27 Assemble 29 Number 32 Dkapi, for instance 34 Supposes 36 Fissured 37 Medieval . kingdom of Spain 38 Let it stand 39 Painful 41 Compass point 42 Convulsive sigh 44 Employed 46 Subtract 49 Night (comb. form) 53 Esperanto modification 54 Banisters 56 Chevalier's sea 57 Nights before 58 Asiatic mountains 59 Before 60 Permits 61 Parts of mouths DOWN 1 Highway 2 One time 3 Hard fat 4 Natural fat 5 Feminine nickname 6 Ignores 7 Assistant 8 Parts of plants 9 Cow's first milk after calving 10 Wings 11 Artificial channels 16 Smells 20 County in Michigan 22 Stories 24 Planet 25 Distinct part 26 Variety emporium 28 Flies aloft river 30 Beginners 46 U.S. coin 31 Theow 47 European 33 Engine 48 Cavern 35 Dresses feathers 50 Abdomen 40 Commodity (comb, form) market 51 Snare 43 Biblical tower 52 Goddess 45 Pertaining to 55 United States dower ship (ab.) NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN. S. Krushchev explains what he meant by his (from hepatitis) to show for his two years in speech in East Berlin on July 2. New Delhi. In it he makes clear that the Soviet Union First as Under Secretary of State and De cisi ns Rail Crisis 1 mi J i Mi ment us "will never open the door to NATO spies," (]len as Kennedy's special adviser on under- whicli appears to be his way of saying that he developed areas, Bowles has traveled more will not accept on-site inspection. (In point than 100,000 miles visiting 38 foreign countries of fact, as earlv as (lie summer of 1958, at a technicians' conference preceding the start of formal negotiations, the Russians accepted India ^ relations caused by a controversial the principle, hesitantly to be sure, of on-site proposa i that the United States help build a since the President's inauguration. He is ar riving in India at a difficult moment in U.S inspection.) Since the West declares that inspection Bokaro. government-owned and operated steel mill at is not needed to check a test ban "in the at- Dispatches from New Delhi indicate the mosphere, in outer space, and under the wa- administration already has pledged its firm ter." Khrushchev proposes such an agreement. Each side would be free, presumably, to test underground. The Soviet Premier has backing to the Bokaro mill. But foreign aid administrator David E. Bell was not quite so positive in testimony before Congress, June frequently said that such testing is costly and 18i and lhe t . 0Ilflict * is said to hax 7 e disturbed Indian officials. Some Congressmen, already « * * ^ unproductive. suspicious of India's record of Cold War jieu- AT THE CONCLUSION of a te>i-ban trality, consider the Bokara project "social- agreement, Khrushchev proposes, "it is nee- istic. essary to take also another big step toward India is in a stronger position in Congress easing international tension and strengthening this year than last, however, because of the confidence between states: lo sign a nonag- communist Chinese attack on India's border, gression pact between the two main military and the subsequent dismissal of Indian De- groups of states—the NATO countries and the fense Minister V. K. Krishna Menon. Re- Warsaw Treaty states." mai-iing sore points are the iouv Russian If he means that such a pact is a neces- MIGs so far delivered to India and Indian in- sary quid pro quo for a test baa, then we are trausigeanee in its border dispute with Pakis- luch where we started. For the West tan over Kashmir. But there seems no alter- not many Warsaw Certain.! native to the continuation of U.S. aid. now worth $726 million annually. Given tins mixture of pre-su/es, Amha<>ador Bowles* second tour in India cannot belt) bei By PETER EDSON Washington Cort'espondent Newspaper Enterprise Assn. WASHINGTON (NEA) - Regardless of new developments in the rail labor crisis, the long-term problems of featherbedding remain. They are: How to compensate railway labor for jobs lost through technological improvements introduced by management. How to setUe disputes arising from this issue. What additional legislation is necessary. THOUGH THE National Media- r tion Board was created by the Railway I,abor Act of 1934 to settle disputes between rail management and labor, it has been of questionable value for 20 years. In 1941 President Franklm D. Roosevelt appointed an emergency board to mediate a railway labor dispute. But the President went beyond the board's recommendations to give the Brotherhoods bigger benefits. From then on railway labor took its grievances direct to the White House, over the heads of fact-finding panels, to get better settlements, and the Railway Labor Act was circumvented. FOR SOME WEEKS. Labor Secretary W. Willard Wirta has been saying that if this country could get by without a rail strike this year, no new labor legislation would be passed by Congress. Even so, there is no assurance that similar labor disputes affecting the national interest will not rise again. The long-range question of how they shall be handled therefore remains. The most frequently suggested remedy has been that there should be some provision for government seizure and operation of industries threatened by strikes which affect the whole economy. Under one recent proposal, the President would be authorized to direct the attorney general to petition any U. S. district court to appoint a special receiver to take possession of and operate any plant, mine or other facility subject to a labor dispute, to protect national fiealth and safety. This provision was largely kissed off when it was introduced. President Truman had suggested it before. The House passed it, but the Senate killed it, and it is still viewed with much skepticism there. Under a 1S16 law authorizing such action in war times, the federal government has seized the railroads four tinges in the past 20 years to prevent work stop- 7 *l*V9 threatened 'compulsory arbitration,' and ttill it won't work!'* in 1943, 1946, 1948 and Daniel I. Loomis of the American Association of Railroads, is to make recommendations of presidential emergency boards final and binding on both labor and I management. Ui im PAST, railway laho* pages 1950. Railroad management contends that government seizure settles nothing and coerces acceptance of labor's demands. The alternative, as outlined by President iently has opposed compul* . irbitration. But in a new contract just signed by the Broth* erhood of Railway Clerks with Pan American Airways, impartial adjudication of disputes is pfovid* eel. This may set a precedent, In the current four-year-old dis« pute over railroad work rules, ac* ceptance of technological changes by the on-train brotherhoods, an<J elimination of jobs considered unnecessary by management, th& issue not only is job security but also union survival. Acceptance of the recommendations made by the presidential special commission under Judge Rifkind in 1962 and an emergency board under Judge Rosenman earlier this year probably would mean eventual liquidation of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen. Second men would not be taken off passenger trains, but three* men crews on freight locomotive* would be cut Displaced firemea >stantiai dis- nussal pay, or preferential rehixv iflg, or liberal retraining benefit* in new skills. Displaced <>perattag railroad men with more than 10 year* service would retain job fighti until they reach retirement aee.
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