Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS The Truth, the Hole Truth... Monday, June 10, 1974 Nothing Free Rising postal costs are a threat to the free flow of public opinion, says Sharon Stark, editor of the consumer magazine, "Everybody's Money." An editorial in the magazine's Summer 1974 issue urges its readers to support a bill introduced by Rep. Harold Froehlich (R-Wis.) which would provide postage-free mail service for people writing to their elected representatives in Washington. This would give the citizenry the same free postage rights that senators and congressmen have. It would, says the editorial, open the door to more "input" from the public and more responsibility on the part of our elected representatives "in this era of distrust in government at all levels." The magazine notes that since first-class postage went up to 10 cents it has received much less mail and wonders if it could be that its readers have sworn off letters to the editors as one way of fighting inflation. "Sooner or later," says the editorial, "consistent postage increases are bound to have an adverse effect on freedom of expression, and hence, our entire political process." There's little doubt that free postage would encourage the sending of a lot more messages to Washington. The question is, how many of them would really be necessary and constructive? Despite inflation, if a person has a beef he thinks is important — or even a compliment — it would seem that he can still afford a dime for a stamp. Anyway, nothing in this world is "free." To subsidize free mail to Washington, the Postal Service would probably just turn around and raise the rates on all other mail. Key Elements A congressional old-timer made a significant point, the other day, about the rightful place of Congress in the governmental scheme of things. "At the heart of representative government," he declared, "is the legislature. If it is strong, the republic will be secure." This man who served a dozen terms in the House of Representatives also offered some up-beat comment on the role of the press, that Fourth Estate so often maligned of late by men in high places. Addressing an assemblage of present and former members of the House, he said this: "There is not a member here who has not felt the criticism of the media. There are times when this criticism has not been just; but, notwithstanding, neither is there anyone here who does not recognize that one of the safeguards of individual liberty is a free press." These remarks about the legislative function and the importance of a press untrammeled by governmental power were made by Vice President Gerald R. Ford. We concur in what he told his former congressional colleagues, and applaud his enlightened views about two of the chief elements in a healthy democracy. Health More Myths By Lawrence K. Lamh, M.D Advice Black Friend Shocks Parents By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: Judy, our 22-year-old daughter, is a graduate student, living out of state. She's pretty and popular and always has been a leader and an honor student. Judy had written us about a very fine black girl she had become friendly with at college. We live in a small midwestern town and never had anything to do with the few black families who live on the highway. Homemalcing Judy phoned a few days ago and asked if she could bring a young man home for a visit. I said: "Certainly." Then she said: "He's black." I asked: "HOW black?" She said: "About as black as black can get." Then she went on to tell me that he was the brother of her college friend, also a graduate student, and an outstanding person, etc. I managed to control my emotions, Shoe Polish Purses Bv Polly Cramer Death Indicator For generations it was thought axiomatic that a human being could not be considered dead until the heart had stopped. This was the crucial test. In recent times there has been a growing consensus in the medical profession that true death is not signaled by heart stoppage but by "irreversible cessation of brain function." The words are from a ruling by Superior Judge William J. Hayes in a landmark case tried at Oakland, Calif. Though the ruling is likely to be appealed, it is of historic importance because it rejects the traditional view and instead affirms the view now predominant among doctors. The trial of Andrew D. Lyons, charged with murder in the shooting of Samuel M. Allen Jr., had attracted nationwide interest. Defense council argued that Allen's death was caused, not by the gunshot wound in his head, but by removal of his heart for a transplant two days after the shooting. Judge Hayes declined to accept this contention, relying on expert testimony for the conclusion that the "irreversible cessation of brain function" prior to the heart transplant was the crucial indicator. The point is not settled, but we are on the way toward resolution of a fascinating and important legal question. POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — Can some reader tell me how to keep shoes from squeaking? My helpful Pointer is that when a plastic or leather purse becomes marked or the corners are worn I use liquid shoe polish, the same color, daub it on once, let dry and then repeat. This really can make a dingy purse look like new. —MRS. P.J.W. DEAR POLLY — Turn your panty hose inside out every other time you wear them and the wear is put on different places so they last longer. No one can detect the difference. My Pet Peeve is with the manufacturers who do not put pockets in slacks and pants suits made for women. They are most necessary on jeans that women wear to work. We need a place to put a handkerchief, coin purse and other sundries just as much as the men do. Look how amply their needs are provided for. Women pay as much for their slacks as men do, too. Discrimination? — MRS. G.B. DEAR POLLY — Mary Beth who has glue on her suede vest might try using nail polish remover on it. Dab, wipe off and then brush. I did this to my suede purse and it removed a glue spot. — LUANN. DEAR GIRLS — Be sure the nail polish remover will not affect the color. It worked on a pair of brown suede shoes with no ill effect and acetone is generally recommended as a remover for some glues. On washable fabrics warm water will sometimes remove it. White vinegar also is used in many cases. Now there are so many synthetics and suede-looking fabrics that it is always smart to test and proceed with caution. — POLLY. DEAR POLLY — Necessity being the mother of invention brought about the following Pointer that I hope will help someone else cope with a similar emergency. Recently my 96- year-old father got up in the middle of the night and fell to the floor. He was too feeble to get up himself and I could not lift him and did not want to call neighbors for help at such an hour. I put a large scatter rug under him and pulled him to his bed where he had something sturdy to pull up by along with my help. Of course, I first made sure he had no broken bones. — N.G.S. and asked whether she was serious about him. She said: "Possibly, but I don't think I'm lucky enough to get him." (My stomach turned over!) Abby, no one in her father's family or mine would ever understand it if Judy were to marry a black man. I can see nothing but heartaches and problems ahead for her if she married him. I'm not a bigot, but we just aren't ready for something like this. I told her not to bring him home until I could prepare her father for the shock, so she said: 'Unless you will treat him properly, I'd rather not subject him to any humiliation." That's where we left it.' Now, what do we do,, Abby? SLEEPLESS NIGHTS DEAR SLEEPLESS: Unless you and your husband can treat your daughter's friend as though he were a Caucasian with a suntan, tell her not to bring him home. But don't be surprised if Judy doesn't come either. She's old enough to choose her own friends. And by the way, what is your definition of a bigot? DEAR DR. LAMB — My cholesterol reading is 245, which I understand is quite high for a 45-year-old female. My general health is good in every other respect. My pressure is 120-80, and I still have a regular monthly menstruation. I have been on a low cholesterol diet for a year — corn oil margarine, only one egg a week, skim milk, only cottage cheese — and my cholesterol level is higher by nine points. I have read many reports and articles on the subject, but they mostly refer to men. My specific questions I'd like answered are the following bits of information given to me by friends: Once cholesterol is in the arteries it can't be dissolved, A woman's cholesterol goes even higher when her menstruation period stops. Alcoholic beverages and beer are pure cholesterol. An exercise plan will reduce cholesterol. DEAR READER — Your cholesterol reading is fairly high, but not excessive. A variation of nine points from one test to another is not significant. You can consider your reading essentially unchanged. Regarding those bits of information, and may I add, misinformation, cholesterol and some of the fat with it that deposits in the arteries can be removed in time with successful corrective measures. The arteries of monkeys on a rich diet were loaded with fatty cholesterol. In those animals put back on a low- calorie monkey diet, the arteries were cleared of fatty cholesterol deposits. Information on prisoners of war, people in occupied lands of Europe in World War II and similar studies all provide evidence that some reversal is possible. It is true that a woman's cholesterol level tends to rise after the menopause. The changes in the arteries begin then and 15 or 20 years later the changes in women are about the same as those noted in men of the same age. Chemically speaking, cholesterol is an alcohol, BUT the alcohol you drink is a very small molecule. It contains only Barbs After a certain point of hilarity, mixed company becomes mixed nuts. They've changed the name of Hades to "The Accounting Department." If you can recall when, go bore the guy in the next department. It's always wise to make reservations before accepting dates with strangers. On station we know has free gas but air for your tires costs $1 a pound. Daily Times Herald 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W.WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B.WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per year $23.00 All Other Mail in the United States, per year .• $27.00 BERRY'S WORLD © 1974 by NEA, Inc. two carbon atoms. Cholesterol is a huge molecule by comparison, containing 27 atoms of carbon. Its size causes it to be a waxy solid rather than a liquid. The alcoholic beverages contain no cholesterol at all unless you add an animal product, such as in making an egg nog. Yes, I think an exercise program can help. The idea is to use exercise and diet to eliminate excess stores of fat. In general, those people who are quite lean tend to have low cholesterol levels, although there are many exceptions to this. If, after effective elimination of all extra fat stores, the cholesterol remains too high, then certain medicines can be used with the diet and exercise program effectively to lower the cholesterol. I don't think, however, that any of these medicines are a substitute for proper diet, exercise and other living habits. A habit of drinking alcoholic beverages can usually defeat a good dietary program. Most people who drink will not stay on a diet to lose fat, if they want to lose weight. For more information about cholesterol, write to me in care of this newspaper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019, and ask for the booklet on cholesterol. Send 50 cents to cover costs. DEAR DR. LAMB — My daughter is 38 years old and never been married. I've been told she should have a Pap smear. I asked one doctor and he said no. I would like your opinion. DEAR READER — Of course she should have. It is true that there is a greater incidence of cancer of the cervix in women who are sexually active — which doesn't always mean married — BUT even a virgin can and occasionally does get cancer of the cervix. All unmarried women should have regular examinations, including Pap smears and breast examinations. It is the easiest way to ensure a greater likelihood of early detection of cancer. It should never be neglected. I'm shocked if you realTy got the kind of an answer you say you did from a doctor. Love Eases Aging By Joanne Koch Depression affects people of all ages. But nowhere is it more predictable than in the case of an active man who is abruptly forced to retire. This was the situation with my father as I mentioned in an earlier column about aging. Now I have a letter written by him to my mother which describes some of the feelings he has experienced in the grip of this post-retirement depression. Though it is a sad letter, I believe it is in many ways a hopeful letter. For it shows the power of a lifetime of love and affection to withstand some of the worst life has to offer. Mother's Day, 1974 "On Mother's Day of this year, as in former years, I sit down in deep thought to find the words to express my feelings about the 'number one' mother I know. My feelings about you, darling, have never changed. I have always felt that you have brought joy and sunshine to those who meet you and have the pleasure of being in your company. This bright and remarkably cheerful attitude of yours is even more surprising when one considers the Viewpoint many trying hours I have been responsible for bringing your way. "My number one thought and wish has always been to keep you in the position of first lady, mother, and sweetheart. "Now that the cloak of being 'too busy'- has been forcibly removed from enveloping me, I ask myself, 'What is it that prevents me from showing my appreciation for this truly great lady?' "I do not mean to be rude or crude as I now know I appear to be at times. I seem to be operating against a force that tends to keep me protected from life's blows. "I find that I have been rendered almost helpless before this devastating force. I hope that I have enough strength left to fight back to regain my position as a human being worthy of a place on life's firing line. "With God's help and guidance and your continued patience, I hope I can make it back. "May God's blessings be with you always, my darling." Mom and Dad will celebrate their fortieth wedding anniversary this year. Rob A-Bomb Parts By Ray Cromley ^ The theft from private industry of sufficient nuclear material to make an atomic bomb is a growing threat. A series of small "bookkeeping" alterations or materials substitutions could cover the theft. Such alterations would require no more ingenuity than the methods used by bank embezzlers to hide the stealing of millions of dollars over a period of years. Transposed figures and misread instruments are already a burdensome problem for government and business in accounting for fissionable materials under existing Federal regulations. But a frightening amount of confusion can be introduced by men who are skilled in nuclear physics and chemistry. For example: — Instruments can be made to give erroneous results. — Measurements can be altered by putting false numbers in the record. — Contents of a measured batch of fissionable material can be changed after measurement. — One material can be substituted for another of similar properties. The lengthy process involved in producing fissionable materials is so complex it invites tampering of a kind which defies detection. Uncertainties in measuring, tabulating and altering the fissionable material already produced in this country are so great that no one * knows for certain whether an explosive <nass has or has not already been stolen. Once fissionable material is in illegal hands, making a nuclear weapon is no , problem. The precise techniques of bombmaking have been widely published. Information gathered on computer and white collar industrial crime in the past six months indicates the number of highlv-educated, technicaliy-cumpfcieui. men and HU^CH who are not adverse to theft of money or to "beat the system" is increasing. Of course, it will not be enough to deal with theft in just the U.S. The scheduled growth of nuclear power reactors means large quantities of fissionable materials will be at hand in scattered plants and stations worldwide. Today it is impossible to keep track of fissionable material with accuracy greater than one per cent. Even with improved methods, loopholes of a tenth of one per cent can be expected. These percentages seem small. But the amounts of fissionable material already handled is so great that an insider with the same ingenuity of a computer crook could sequester sufficient material for one or several bombs through that tenth of one per cent loophole. For large plants, the best that can be done in checking on fissionable materials is to produce a monthly balance or accounting. When this accounting suggests material has been lost or stolen, it is normally necessary to recheck the whole inventory process for error and to resurvey the processes and movements step by step to generate better statistics before it can be definitely stated some fissionable material has disappeared. This rechecking takes several weeks more.
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